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5 -577,3 

Bequest of 

1. /? 



LLC 4 1920 

w . D, 






G. O* SHIELDS (Coquina), Editor and Manager 


23 West Twenty-fourth Street 

Copyright, 1903, by G. O. Shields 



"The captive moose is left wretchedly to drag out its life" Frontispiece 

Moose Snaring in Nova Scotia. Illustrated Ernest Russell 3 

O' Winter Nights. Poem Hilton R. Greer 6 

Facts About the Beaver. Illustrated R. Q. W. Lett 7 

Beaver Trapping j. A Newton 9 

A Successful Fishing Trip , p. Hibbard i i 

A Girls' Boat Club. Illustrated Laura Wescott i 3 

A Holiday Hunt j. . Lander 15 

Round the Camp Fire. Poem A. L. Vermilya 17 

Tyee Salmon in Puget Sound. Illustrated J. H. Bowles 19 

A Florida Kid on a Camp Hunt Charley Apopka 21 

Among the Water Fowl. Illustrated Editor 23 

A Ballad of the Future. Poem A. L. Vermilya 25 

The White Goat in Alaska * E. W. Shaw 28 

Curiosities of Ecuador. Illustrated Dr. S. A. Davis 30 

Signs of a Cold Winter ' Adirondack Jim 31 

Bass Fishing in August j. a. Newton 70 

It Became a Free-for-all Fight Frontispiece 

A Bear Fight in the Yellowstone Park. Illustrated Dan Beard 85 

A Lullaby of the Sound. Poem Mrs. Jean Le Munyon 87 

Bearding a Grizzly in His Den A. L. Duhig 89 

Mr. Potter's Ovis Canadensis Stanley Mayall 94 

In the Arkansas Mountains John T. Bailey ioi 

Some Place West of Kansas. Poem Minnie J. Reynolds 102 

A Birchwood Fire. Poem James R. Edlin 103 

A Cushion Shot on .Swartz Creek C. A. Harmon i 04 

Outwitting a Mink Frank Farner 105 

Lost in a Tamarack Swamp. Illustrated W. A. Mason i 06 

At a Rifleman's Fireside. Illustrated W. H. Nelson 108 

A Florida Kid on a Camp Hunt. VII Charley Apopka i i 

My First Adventure with a Buffalo C. B. R., M.D. 112 

My Big Trout Senex i i 3 

Yellow Wolf . . . tried to dash into the post at the head of a dozen followers Frontispiece 

With the Best Intentions. Illustrated F. M. Bernard 167 

A Girl's Life in the Rockies Myrtis B. Butler i 80 

A New Hampshire Coon Hunt E. H. Hunter 183 

A Coon Hunt in Pennsylvania Ch as. H. Weaver 185 

It Might Have Been. Poem Edward Bourne 185 

Ned Buntline's Raquette River Bass J. F. Closson 186 

A Glimpse of the Old Kentucky Home. Poem. Illustrated Grayson Jemison 187 

A Florida Kid on a Camp Hunt Charley Apopka i 88 

Among the Pronghorns. Illustrated B. R. Beymer 191 

A Camping Trip in Argentina L. S. McCain 192 

Merrimac Bait Catching Geo. L. Whitmore 193 

The wounded buck was a roaring murderous force. William Schutte Frontispiece 

A Tale of a Trail. Illustrated Victor Schoolman 249 

A Song of the Hills. Poem R. S. Stringfellow 255 

Ontario's Great Playground. Illustrated - Frank Yeigh 257 

Hunting in New Mexico J- F. Foley 260 

In Lonely Ways '. Frank H. Sweet 262 

Touring in the Canadian Rockies, Illustrated Stanley Washburn 263 

Some Bear Stories S. N. Leek 272 

The Keiley Glycerine Process, illustrated K. Rowa 273 

The Spring Poets. Poem A. L. Vermilya 275 

A Mashipacong Tragedy. Poem. Illustrated A. C. Ruggeri 276 

Why Not? Poem W. H. Nelson 278 


The streaked demon alighted beside the astonished terrier Frontispiece 

Chum. Illustrated W. S. Crolly 331 

Bass Fishing in the North Potomac Alexander Hunter 

How the Deacon Became a Horse Jockey. Illustrated L. B. Elliott 

Oh! My Heart Is Hungry for the Hills. Poem Alfred I. Townsend 

Spring Madness Ten Sleep 

A Place Just West of Kansas. Poem Frank White 

Canoeing on the Temagaming C. E. T. 

Casualties Among Animals. Illustrated J. A. Loring 

A New Mexico Sand Storm Harry Suydam 

The Judge and I Menoquet 

On the Manistee River. Illustrated A. St. J. Newberry 

He came near the surface and headed toward Vancouver Frontispiece 

An Indian Harpooner's Catch. Illustrated .„ J. P. Todd 413 

Canoeing on the Delaware. Illustrated Dr. Zane Grey 

Fishing in New Brunswick. Illustrated Chas. D. Leonard 

The Chronicles of a Chipmunk. Illustrated Dr. C. C Curtis 

Home River Fishing. Poem .^ Milo Thompson 

Sunday Inspiration .- E. M. Leete 

A Haven of Refuge ~ Chas. C. Townsend 

A Day Dream. Poem L. C. Elerick 

The Song of the Fisherman. Poem Sydney B. Carpender 

Hunting and Fishing in the Highlands of Ontario H. R. Charlton 

With Worms for Bait « A Al 

The Jellyfish. Poem '. . . J. C Edwards 

The Florida Kid '. Charley Apopka 

The Reason Chas. E. Scofield 

Who Said Rats ? Poem L. N. Douglas 

Why Peaceful Valley Left Home Timothy 

From the Game Fields.. 33,115.197.279,361,443 Forestry 59,145,223,308,389,471 

Fish and Fishing 41,125,205,287,371,453 Pure and Impure Foods. 61,147,225,310,392,473 




Guns and Ammunition.. 45,129,209,291,375,459 

Natural History 51,137,215,299,381,463 

The League of American Sportsmen, 

55, 141, 219, 302, 385, 467 

Book Notices 64,228,313,395,475 

Publisher's Notes 65,149,229,314,396,476 

Editor's Corner 67,151,233,316,397,479 

Amateur Photography. . 74, 157, 238, 320, 402, 484 


JANUARY, 1903 

$1.00 A YEAR 
10c. A COPY 


By ERNEST RUSSELL, with full page drawing by CARL RUNGIl 

Established 1851 


Importers and Wine 
and Spirit Merchants 

Also Proprietors of the Elm Hill Distilling: Co. 


Per Gal. 


Old Gold Bourbon - 

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Holiday Pure Rye - 4.00 

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Five pounds of rock candy crystals 
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Martini, Manhattan, Vermouth, 
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From Daniel Lawrence & Sons, Med- 
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On receipt of $ 12.0c, we will 
ship, transportation charges pre- 
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The goods are warranted as 
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The capital and reputation of a 
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Remit cash in registered letter, 
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w. H. JONES & CO. 

Hanover and Blackstone Sts. 


Copyright, December, 1902, by G. O. Shields 
A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Everything the Name Implies 

$1.00 a Year. 

10 Cents a Copy. 

Editor and Manager. 

23 West 24TF. Street, 

New York 


4< The captive moose is left wretchedly to drag out its life'' Frontispiece 

Moose Snaring in Nova Scotia. Illustrated Ernest Russell 3 

0' Winter Nights. Poem Hilton R. Greer 6 

Facts About the Beavtr. Illustrated R. C. W. Lett 7 

Beaver Trapping J . A. Newton 9 

A Successful Fishing Trip F. Hibbard n 

A Girls' Boat Club. Illustrated Laura VVescott 13 

A Holiday Hunt J. O. Lander 15 

Round the Camp Fire. Poem A. L. Vermilya 17 

Tyee Salmon in Puget Sound. Illustrated J.H.Bowles 19 

A Florida Kid on a Camp Hunt Charley Apopka. 21 

Among the Water Fowl. Illustrated Editor 23 

A fcallad of the Future. Poem A. L. Vermilya 25 

The White Go it in Alaska E. W. Shaw 28 

Curiosities of Ecuador. Illustrated Dr. S A. Davis 30 

Signs of a Cold Winter Adirondack Jim 31 

Bass Fishing in August J- A. Newton 70 

From the Game Fields 33 

Fish and Fishing 41 

Guns and Ammunition 45 

Natural History 5 1 

The League of American Sportsmen 55 

Forestry 59 

Pure and Impure Foods °i 

Book Notices C4 

Publisher's Notes 65 

Editor's Corner 67 

Amateur Photography 74 

Entered as Second-Class Matter at New York Post-Office, Oct, 17, 1894. 



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for 1903 will be ready for issue 
about the third week in December. 
As the first edition will be limited 
to 50,000 copies, applications 
should be sent in at once. Each 
calendar will be mailed in a tube, 
and a post-card will be posted at 
the same time notifying corres- 
pondent. Send three 1 c. stamps for 
postage to the undersigned. 

Write for our catalogue "Dog Culture," 
with practical chapters on the feeding, kennel- 
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We also manufacture specially prepared 
food for dogs, puppies, rabbits, cats, poultry, 
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r THE N 




v GIRL a 

Copyright, 1902 
by C. & A. R'y. 


Fourgraceful poses from life; figures ten inches 
high, reproduced in colors. Highest example 
of lithographic art. 


to own one of these beautiful calendars is 
to send twenty-five cents, with name of publi- 
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to Geo. J . Charlton, General Passenger Agent, 
Chicago & Alton Railway, 328 Monadnock 
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The best railway line between Chicago, 
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keep on buying it because they like it, and the other one 
keeps on buying it because he can find no other as good. 

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you want 

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and elasticity in a pup 
troubled with worms, get rid 
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in a dog who has worms, kill the worms. 
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SERGEANTS "SURE SHOT" per bottle 50c. Sold by Druggists or 
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There isn't anywhere a dog lover or owner who wouldn't 
like to have our 48 page Treatise on 
Dogs. We will send it and a Ped- 
igree Blank to any address for 
3 cents in stamps, which 
I %* • () /rfffil&^S^. S° to P a y t ^ ie postage. 







for 1903 

Will contain during the year more than i ,000 pages of the most 
authentic information and instructions pertaining to Physical 
Culture, Hygiene and Recreation. Fully illustrated, chaste and 
refined. It will contain not only the results of my own researches 
and experience, but also that of the world's foremost educators 
and physiological experts. 

send me their age, sex, height, weight, occupation, also 
the general condition of their heart, lungs, stomach and 
nerves, I will prescribe and immediately forward by mail, 
free of charge, a course of scientific exercises covering 
a period of twenty days, the practice of which will be 
both fascinating and health-giving, and will prepare the 
business man or woman for their work, or lay the foun- 
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During my future American tours, I wish to meet per- 
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that end in view, I shall hereafter issue to every pupil a 
-JXXjCJjK-i'-jS** 3 ** registered coupon, which will admit the owner to all my 

lectures and exhibitions, and also serve to fully identify my pupils whenever thev call upon me for a pri- 
vate interview. Send ONE DOLLAR without delay for one year's subscription, to 

EUGEN SANDOW. Boston. Ma^ss. 


Until February 28, 1903, subscriptions will be taken at this office for the following 

publications at rates named in right hand column : 

Regular Ovir 

Price Net Price 


Success 100 60 

FreLr\k Leslie's Popxila^r Monthly 100 .50 

Everybody's Magazine LOO -50 

Woman's Home Companion LOO .50 

Review of Reviews 2. 50 L50 

Current Litera.tvire 3-00 L50 

Lirpincott's Magazine 2.50 150 

$13 00 $7.60 

Any 3 or more of above, including Recreation and Success, pro rata. 

All subscriptions must be sent to Recreation. 

Magazines may be sent to one or to different addresses. Subscriptions will commence 
with issue requested whenever possible to furnish copies, otherwise with issues of the 
month following that in which the subscription is received. 

Present subscribers to Recreation may take advantage of these offers, either in 
ordering their own subscriptions extended for one year from the date of expiration, or in 
presenting a subscription to Recreation to some friend. 

Remit by P. O. or Express Money Order, ffot by local check. 

Address RECREATION, 23 West 24th St., New York City 



J. M. Hanson's Clubbing Offers 


Four Leading Ct* ^% **\ /J 

Magazines, for S^ d£tmd£t^3 

Sent to one or different ad- 
dresses. Theperiodicalsin any 
combination offer may be sent 
to one or different addresses. 
Join with your friends and take 
all. The subscriptions may be 
either new or renewals except 
where otherwise stated. All 

subscriptions are for one full 

RECREATION. 1 yr. . . $1.00 
Cosmopolitan, 1 yr. # . 1. 00 

The Era or Everybody's may be substituted. 

Frank Leslie's Monthly, 1 yr. 1.00 

The American Boy may be substituted. 

The Nickel, 1 yr. . .50 

A magazine full of good short stories. 

All Four 
One Full 


$ 2.25 

(Personal Checks 
Accepted ) 

'§F Three Leading Offers 

Recreation and Nickel Magazine, $1.00 
Recreation and American. Boy • . 1.25 
Recreation and Everybody's • 1.25 

R_ecrea.tior\ $1.00) Send us only 

Cosmopolitan 1.00,^ $2.00 

Leslie's Monthly 1.00 ) for All Three 

Recreation $1.00] 

Country Life in America • • 3.00 I 

World's Work may be substituted. ( 
Everybody's Magazine • • 1.00 | 

Nickel Magazine 50 1- ... _ 

Art Student may be substituted. J * or All X ovir 

Our Price 


Recreation $ 1.00 ) Cvit in HaJf 

Public Opinion (new sub.)3.00 [ $3.00 

The Critic 2.00) for All Three 

FLecreaaion $1,001 Send us Only 

Current Literature 3.00^ $3.00 

Hunter, Trader & Trapper l.cO J For All Three 

R_ecreatior\, Review of Reviews and Sviccess .... 


R_ecreatiorv, American Boy, Cosmopolitan and Vick's Magazine 
Recreation, Judge (weekly) and Pviblic Opinion (new s\ib.) 
R-ecreation, Current Literature and Popular Science News 
R_ecreation, Everybody's, Arena, and Mind ... 

R.ecreation, Mouse Beautiful and Leslie's Monthly . . 

R-ecreation, Birds and Natvire, Success and Cosmopolitan 
R-ecreation, American Field and American Boy • . 

R-ecreation, Lippincott's and Success ...... 

R-ecreation, Table Talk and Country Gentleman .... 

R.ecreation, Woman's Home Companion, Cosmopolitan and Leslie's 

Regular Price. Our Club Pr ce 


5 00 

3 00 

R.ecrea.tion Will Also be Sent 

Club Price. 

with Nickel Magazine and Vick's $1.50 with 

with Nickel Magazine and American Boy 1.75 with 

with Nickel Magazine and Success 1.75 with 

with Nickel Magazine and Everybody's 1.75 with 

with Nickel Magazine and The Era 1.75 with 

with Nickel Magazine and Table Talk 1.75 with 

with Nickel Magazine and Ev'ry Month 1.75 with 

The American Boy or Leslie's Monthly may b-5 sub 

in Clubs as Follows: 

Club Price 

Cosmopolitan and House Beautiful $2.50 

Cosmopolitan and Lippincott 3-25 

Cosmopolitan and St. Nicholas 4.00 

Cosmopolitan and Scribner's 4.25 

Cosmopolitan and Critic 2.50 

Cosmopolitan and Century 5.00 

Cosmopolitan and Country Gentleman.. 2.25 

sMtuted for Cosmopolitan in all offers- 

Yovith's Companion (including aJl extra, numbers gvrvd calendar for 1903) may 
be added to any of ovir offers for $1.75 additional. Pearson's Magazine, $1.00; Ladies' 
Home Journal, $1.00; Saturday Evening Post, $1.00: McClure's, $1.00; Delineator. 
$' 00; Munsey's, $1.00; St. Nicholas, $2.65; Harper's, $3-35; Century, $3.65. 

W.^ If you will send us three orders for anv of the above combinations, of $r.5o or more, you may 

M* TT^*^^ have free, as your premium, a yearly subscription to fiecreat on, or Cosmopolitan or 
* ^*^* American Boy or Leslie's Monthly or Success or Everybody's. Your own club, and two 
other clubs make the three orders 

REFERENCES: The Bradstreet Agency, R. G. Dun & Co., All Publishers, Phoenix National Bank 
Lexington, Kentucky. 

Club raisers, newsdealers and agents wanted to take orders for our combination offers. Liberal 
commissions paid. A $11C0 WING PIANO and a Number of CASH PHIZES to Agents sending us 
most subscriptions. Write for particulars. Address all orders to 



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Santa Fe 





is Oldest Iiihabit^t oifThe 


The oldest inhabitant — admire him! The last 
of his race— what pity! King of his kind — mighty, 

He has braved the mountain torrents. He has 
laughed at heaven's deep rolling thunder. His 
eyes have given responsive fires to the lightning's 
flash. The tornado has only combed out to fine- 
ness his shaggy mane. In protection of his kind 
he has hurled splendid defiance at his cruel foe- 
man — man. 

He is a type par excellence in the animal king- 
dom; type of courage, power, nobility. For cen- 
turies he has dominated plain and mountain, for- 
est and canyon — free, fearless. 

Before the Indian, the scout, the pioneer, the 
settler — he was. He has witnessed all their ad- 
vances, encroachments, innovations, while he 
fought for life, land, liberty. The territory was 
his, his sacred heritage, and he battled for it as 
the primal, rightful and superb aboriginee. 

But man is unfeeling, selfish, destructive, when 
nature, animate or inanimate, stands in the way of 
his enterprise and enrichment. And so the ani- 
mal ruler of the wide, wild western world was 
hunted, driven back and brought to the verge of 

It would challenge the fine artistic talents of a 
Rosa Bonheur to portray the qualities and nobili- 
ties of such a matchless specimen of the beast 
creation, and then his melancholy yet defiant 
grandeur as he witnessed the merciless extinction 
of his race. 

Man, however, is conquerer, and time is the 
paramount consideration. Time is health and 
wealth, and to time everything succumbs. The 
Buffalo, the primal "Lord of the Land," has been 
driven back to his animal fastnesses in obedience 
to the law of advancing civilization and the im- 
perative demand of time, the speediest time. The 

railroad meets the demand of time, and, specifi- 
cally, the Union Pacific meets the demand of the 
speediest time. 

Formerly the race across the great western 
portion of the continent was by the horse and 
the caravan. But something better was to come. 
Over twin lines of steel, climbing peaks, thread- 
ing canyons, covering vast plains, came the first 
engine of advancing civilization with its human 
freightage in eager search of the one supreme 
goal — life and prosperity. But still the best had 
not been attained. 

How weary the caravan! How tedious the early 
railway passage over the great western world. 
The culmination, however, was to come — has 

And this widely coveted zenith, this supreme 
desideratum of man and object of man's search, 
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are thousands of miles away, in Salt Lake City 
at 3:05 p. m. to-morrow, San Francisco 5:25 p. m., 
and Portland 4:30 p. m. the next day, Los 
Angeles the day after. 

Extinction — resurrection! If it means ex- 
tinction to one of the noblest types of the animal 
kingdom, it also means a resurrection to man who 
was made lord of that kingdom; a resurrection 
into a wider, grander sphere of development, use- 
fulness and higher civilization. 

The law of compensation and of higher compen- 
sation obtains. The merely animal gives way to 
the diviner human; and the diviner human re- 
quires the two prime essentials of speedy time 
and spacious territory to realize its ideals for 
the betterment of all. 

The Overland Limited" the grfat californu train 

The Only Ele<tnc Lighted Daily Train Between East and Pacific Coast 


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Passenger Traffic Manager, RocL- Island System, Chicago, 111 




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When you buy whiskey from a dealer, you pay five profits, though four of them can be 
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sell in barrels to brokers, who sell, also in barrels, though in smaller lots, to rectifiers. The 
rectifier takes the pure whiskey out of the barrels, blends it, waters it, adulterates it, "doctors" 
it as much as he likes, for the Government has no control over whiskey after it once leaves the 
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whom you buy. You thus pay the enormous and unnecessary profits of the broker, the rectifier, 
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4 FULL QUARTS $4.20 



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SPECIAL NOTICE. A Hayner quart is a full quart, an honest quart of 32 ounces, 4 to the 
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Volume XVIII. 


G. 0. SHIELDS (COQUINA,) Editor and Manager 

Number J. 



A noted writer on outdoor life has 
recently drawn attention to the fact 
that few of our wild animals meet 
death in a natural or, at least, in a 
peaceful manner. This statement 
serves but to emphasize the appalling 
number of destructive agencies which 
surround and assail every inhabitant 
of the woods, and demonstrates how 
acute is their struggle for existence. 
The "survival of the fittest" needs no 
better exposition than is to be found 
in the experience of any observing 

It is true that nature offsets, in a 
great measure, such apparently over- 
whelming odds ag'ainst her children 
by a remarkable array of protective 
faculties, adapted in each individual 
to the requirements of its particular 
environment and developed to a sur- 
prising degree ; but a realization of 
the myriad forces at work against 
the lives of all wild creatures must 
ultimately bring to their human an- 
tagonists a pronounced and sympa- 
thetic interest. The modern tendency 
toward game protection is the first 
ray of hope to penetrate the gloom of 
a relentless extermination which has 
been waged for centuries in the name 
of sport. 

An authority of repute has stated 
in Recreation his belief that the 
moose will be the last of the great 
deer family to become extinct in 
America. He relies for this optimistic 
view on the non-gregarious habits of 
the animal and on the impenetrable 
fastnesses of the vast territory in the 
North and Northwest. Let us hope 

this may be so; that the moose may 
escape the perils which threaten him 
elsewhere to find in those dim soli- 
tudes true sanctuary. 

The moose of Nova Scotia are well 
distributed over the 15,000 square 
miles which constitute the peninsula 
proper, and, though perhaps neither 
so numerous nor attaining such size 
as their brethren in New Brunswick 
and Alaska, they are. as abundant as 
can reasonably be expected under the 
adverse conditions existing. There is 
no finer moose territory anywhere 
than exists in that Province to-day. 
There the moose could and should be 
indefinitely perpetuated, safeguarded 
in a true wilderness of lakes streams 
and boggy lowlands, interesected by 
long ridges, well timbered with beech, 
birch, poplar and spruce. It is truly 
a glorious country, teeming with the 
natural food of the cerzndae, an ideal 
home of large extent, yet easily pa- 

The modern sportsman has many 
sins to answer for. He is charged 
with the ruthless slaughter of count- 
less sentient and freedom-loving 
creatures, and has even been indicted, 
perhaps with a measure of justice, as 
"the fiercest beast of prey." There is 
another individual who has wandered 
into my ken, built like a man, garbed 
like man, and with many of the su- 
perficial masculine attributes, yet 
whose real nature contrasts so darkly 
with that of the true sportsman that I 
hold him up to immediate and merited 
condemnation. I refer to the moose 
snarer in his Nova Scotian haunts. 


He is the chief factor in the de- 
crease of the moose throughout the 
Province. The others are hardly 
worth mentioning. The bear, that 
hangs on the flank of the forming 
yard to bring down an unwary calf, is 
really being trapped to extermination ; 
the wolf is gone, and that oldtime 
implacable foe, the Indian, has given 
place to the equally merciless and 
more degenerate provincial. Occa- 
sionally the snarer is an otherwise 
honest and well meaning peasant, 
seeking but to increase a scanty food 
supply, unmindful of the devastation 
and misery he causes, or, if dimly 
aware of it, finding sufficient excuse 
in his necessity. The more sinister 
type is the evil outgrowth of a de- 
layed civilization. Ignorant and de- 
praved, with no regard for existing 
laws, he defies the better element of 
his community. Fashioned in a simi- 
lar mold of criminal instincts, he is 
to be classed in the same category 
with the dog poisoner and the mid- 
night incendiary. I know not if he 
ranges in the woods of Maine, in the 
untouched wilderness of New Bruns- 
wick or in remote Alaska, but wher- 
ever he may be I appeal in behalf of 
the moose, the grandest antlered ani- 
mal this country possesses, for his ab- 
solute and speedy suppression. No 
pen of mine can fittingly describe the 
horrors of his hideous calling. Noth- 
ing but the actual evidence of the pa- 
thetic struggle of the captive moose 
can bring before one's eyes the true 
enormity of this brutal practice. In 
the apparent security and peace of the 
wilderness, while all else in nature is 
bright and full of inspiration, to meet 
the bloody work of this heartless out- 
law is to experience an overwhelming 
revulsion of feeling. 

It is safe to presume that the snar- 
er lives some distance from any con- 
siderable settlement, usually just on 
the borders of the moose country, 
where he has secured a few acres of 
crown land and built a rude shanty. 

He ekes out a poor existence, in a 
shiftless manner, helping at a saw- 
mill or working in a lumber camp, 
trapping a little between jobs and 
loafing a good deal. He tends his 
snares as opportunity offers, sells his 
moose meat at the settlement a score 
of miles away, and gets drunk on the 
proceeds. His various callings carry 
him frequently into the woods, where 
he gets many opportunities to mark 
the range of the moose in all their 
wanderings. Like Death, he has all 
seasons for his own. He commences 
operations before the summer has 
fairly waned and continues till the 
coldest winter weather freezes the 
rope and renders the deadly slip-noose 
powerless. The first warm days of 
early spring see him again at work, 
and it is only the heat of summer, 
which destroys his meat, that causes 
him to again desist for a short period. 
About the first of August he locates 
a bit of bog land, observes the run- 
ways near the adjacent streams, 
roughly calculates the number of 
moose in the vicinity, and goes to the 
settlement for a coil of stout i l /\. inch 
Manila rope. He has no use for a 
rifle, nor the money to buy one. With 
no arm but his axe he seeks the local- 
ity decided on. By the border of the 
moose trail he selects a hemlock, cuts 
off the top, to leave a stub standing 
about 6 feet high, with a crotch at the 
top. He next fells a stout sapling, 
8 inches through at its thick end, per- 
haps 15 feet in length, trims it of all 
branches, and secures it in the crotch 
of the stub, after the fashion or an 
old well-sweep. He fastens the rope, 
which terminates in a large slip- 
noose, to the small end of the sweep, 
props up the heavy butt, arranges the 
noose in the moose trail, well covered 
in moss, with a treadle in the center. 
Pressure on the treadle releases the 
sweep and the heavy butt falls to the 
ground. As the smaller end rises in 
the air the noose is drawn tight 
about the moose's leg, well up, and 



suspends the poor animal, either by a 
foreleg or a hind one, to thrash and 
beat about till exhaustion compels a 
rest. With so powerful an animal 
in the toils this is long in coming. The 
same futile effort is repeated and re- 
peated with intervals of rest. 

After spending a day of hard la- 
bor in setting up a dozen of these 
hellish contrivances the weary brute 
seeks rest in his miserable shanty. He 
knows that unless some fair minded 
man discovers the work, only to de- 
stroy it, the traps will not need re- 
newal for a year or more. Perhaps 
he will replace a rotten and frayed 
rope with a new one, but in a general 
way he has nothing further to do but 
to visit his snares, remove his meat, 
reset the trap, and conceal his tell- 
tale tracks. 

Then follows the worst phase of 
the whole detestable business. Your 
snarer is a careless, procrastinating 
devil, at best ; and for one reason or 
another he may not, often does not, 
visit his snares for a week at a time. 
The captive moose is left wretchedly 
to drag out his life, or often her life 
and heavy with calf at that, through 
the endless hours of day after day 
and night after night, half suspended 
in the air by that inexorable rope, 
without water, without food, weak- 
ened by the fearful struggle, alone ! 
Torture unspeakable ! I have myself 
seen the fearful evidences of all this ; 
the boggy, blood-soaked sod trampled 
for yards, the freshly stripped hide 
thrown to one side of the scene of the 
hideous tragedy, and half a carcass of 
what was, so short a time before, a 
noble bull moose, clawed over and 
revelled in by a hungry bear. In the 
near vicinity were discovered and de- 
stroyed 6 similar snares, all set, and 
hoof-marks were noted (with what 
pleasure!) where a running moose 
had lightly leaped over one of those 
hidden ropes in some playful mid- 
night gambol. My companion had 
earlier had the exquisite if somewhat 

arduous pleasure of freeing a captive 
cow moose, heavy with calf, from an 
inevitable and distressing death in 
one of these snares. Strapping his 
hunting knife to a pole he succeeded, 
after much patient toil, in cutting the 
rope, only to see the poor, half 
starved creature take a few weak, 
tottering steps and fall to nibbling 
the poplar sprouts a short distance 
from him. For some time she re- 
mained in the vicinity, as if con- 
scious of the presence of a protect- 
or, and finally ambled leisurely away, 
let us hope to a region of greater se- 

I have given but a brief outline of 
a barbarous practice, common in 
nearly every county of Nova Scotia. 
The reports of the 30 wardens 
maintained in the Province teem with 
allusions to it and its deadly effect- 
iveness. Where it is common knowl- 
edge that moose snaring is indulged 
in, it is useless for the authorities to 
protest ignorance of it. The question 
naturally arises as to what Nova Sco- 
tia is doing to suppress it. The fol- 
lowing interesting statistics from the 
report of the Nova Scotia Game So- 
ciety for 1900 will throw a little lime- 
light on the matter. The 12 members 
of the Society's Council disbursed the 
munificent sum of $1,643.82 for game 
and fish protection during the year. 
In the same time a force of 37 war- 
dens have prosecuted 6 cases of game 
law violat' n and secured one convic- 
tion, with an attendant fine of $5, 
while one case is still pending. 

These are the chief features of a 
most interesting report, covering 21 
pages, and serve pointedly to answer 
our question. 

I have the authority of an official 
of the society for the statement that 
they are pleased to have a law-abid- 
ing class of American sportsmen visit 
the Province in quest of moose. For 
indulging in the sport there is an in- 
cidental license fee of $30. It seems 
proper to inquire if Nova Scotia, in 


the matter of adequate protection for 
her game, is producing results to 
justify an acceptance of the invita- 
tion. Leaving the field of conjecture 
in the above matter, there is to be 
touched on, in conclusion, a phase of 
far greater moment. 

Nova Scotia's magnificent endow- 
ment in the matter of the moose en- 
tails a duty toward her own inhabi- 
tants. Properly to conserve, pro- 
tect and perpetuate her noble game to 
future generations, is a manifest and 
apparent obligation. Leaving the 
financial value of such an important 
asset entirely outside the question, 
there remains the debt to posterity. 
The Province appoints the Game So- 
ciety custodian of this most important 
trust, and we look in vain for the best 
fulfilment of the duty. To legalize 
the slaughter of cow moose, to per- 
mit the moose snarer to pursue his 
calling and market his ill gotten 

booty unconvicted, to expend a paltry 
$2,000 a year in protecting 18,000 
square miles of territory, form an ar- 
raignment difficult to reconcile with 
a due regard for such a priceless 
heritage. No just person expects any 
small body of men to work an imme- 
diate and general revolution among 
the inhabitants of a large community 
where the public conscience in the 
matter of game protection lies dor- 
mant and inert ; but a widespread 
campaign of education and the salu- 
tary punishment of flagrant offenders 
would do much to awaken the people 
of Nova Scotia to a realizing sense 
of the dangers which menace her ex- 
ceptional game supply. It is not too 
late to inaugurate this movement, 
and it remains for the Game Society 
to do it. A large audience of inter- 
ested and sympathetic friends stands 
ready to applaud a praiseworthy en- 
ergy in the matter. 

Made with Premo Camera. Bausch & Lomb Lens. 



R. C. W. LETT. 

Now that the beaver is fast becoming 
extinct, it is only on rare occasions that a 
person has a chance to study the habits 
of this most interesting animal. While 
canoeing through the highlands of Ontario 
recently, 1 came across many wonderful 
works by these 4-footed laborers, which 
I am certain could not be constructed by 
the greatest architect in the land, provid- 
ed the same material were used. Many 

a dam. A large rock stood up in the center 
of the creek and there the intelligent little 
chaps built their dam, using that rock as 
the middle stay, or pier. 

The first thing a beaver does after choos- 
ing a site for a dam, is to fell a poplar or 
birch. That is a sight worth going miles 
to see. The work is done in a manner to- 
tally unlike that depicted in the general run 
of photos and sketches, in the taking and 



Showing lake on level with head of man in foreground, who stands on a rock at back of dam. 

have heard of the beaver dam, but compara- 
tively few have any idea of what it looks 
like, and of what use it is to the beaver. 
The photo reproduced herewith shows one 
of the most perfect beaver dams I ever 
had the pleasure of seeing. A number 
of years ago a small stream rippled 
quietly through a beavers' paradise of 
rich, juicy poplars and birches, and served 
to carry off the overflow of a small 
lake about a mile above this dam. Now 
the scene is changed. Some energetic 
beaver, seeing a chance for a rich harvest 
there, picked a favorable spot for building 

making of which stuffed beavers are usual- 
ly employed. I had an opportunity of wit- 
nessing this, and it was done exactly in 
this way. 

Picking out a tree as close to the water's 
edge as possible, the beaver proceeded to 
work. Raising himself on his hind legs, 
he rested his fore feet against the part of 
the tree nearest him, not taking the tree in 
his arms, as most illustrations picture it, 
but placing one foot above and one below 
the spot where he intended cutting. In 
that position the body did not, like that of 
the stuffed beaver, maintain a uniform 




The tree, when felled, did not completely break from the stump, so the beavers cut it off 

again 2 feet farther up. 

thickness, but sagged toward the haunches. 
Then the bark flew. Soon he was through 
it and into the wood beneath. Stopping 
about every 9 bites he dropped a mouth- 
ful of chips and gave an occasional whine 
at a chap who had come to assist him, but 
which act of kindness he evidently resented,. 

"Now, then, look out below, she's going 
to fall !" Crack, crack, crash ! and the 
beavers who were awaiting the tree's doom, 
to pounce on it, like darkies on a wood- 
chuck, scattered to a safe distance till all 
danger was over. 

"Ha! what's that, not down yet, eh?" 
The tree bowed low, and, as though aware 
of its impending doom, stretched forth its 
branches and caught them in those of an- 
other, which, together with the hold it still 
retained of the stump, hung it in mid 

"Now," thought I, "you are done for, 
Mr. Beaver. Surely nothing less than a 
human being would have the sense to re- 
turn to the stump and cut it clear but, "as 
I live to tell the tale," that is exactly what 
he did. 

Returning to the stump he raised himself 
on his hind legs and gave 10 or 12 sharp 
bites at the point of cutting, which brought 
t e tree with a final crash to the ground. 
To see this interesting sight I sat from 
8.30 one evening till 3 o'clock the next 
morning, and I consider I was well re- 

In a case where the tree is unusually 
large, the portion still uncut will form a 
mass of splintered wood when the tree 
falls. This the beaver knows would hurt 
his mouth and fill his teeth with splinters, 

were he to attempt to cut it clear from the 
stump, so, beginning about a foot from the 
first cut, he sets to work and soon the 
tree drops flat on the ground. Then the 
work of cutting it into lengths of about 5 
feet and lopping off the branches proceeds. 
Next comes the hauling of the timber to 
the water, when it is back from the shore 
some distance. I have yet to learn how the 
large pieces are carried or dragged. Some 
old trappers say that beavers carry it on 
their backs, and that they carry wood 
from the size of a rolling pin down, in 
their teeth ; but, as hearsay has led to many 
errors in natural history, I feel inclined to 




believe only that which I see. I have, how- 
ever, seen one beaver carry a large piece 
of wood by tucking one end under his 
forearm, and walking away on his hind 
legs, in a stooped position, trailing the 
other end of the stick behind him. 

Before floating the wood and larger 
branches down to the dam site, the bark, 
which is the beaver's staple article of food, 
is generally eatsn off, as clean as a clay 
pipe stem. 

In our old school books, the beaver got 
credit for using his tail as a mason would 
use a trowel, but this has never been proven 
to be the case. No ; the froni. feet are 
handier than any trowel, and the way in 
which lily roots, mud, etc., are handled in 

conjunction with the wood, is marvelous. 

As the dam progresses, the water backs 
up and floods sometimes large tracts of 
land, giving the beaver access to trees 
which may be dropped into the water, cut 
into lengths and secured in the mud under 
water close to their house, which is usual- 
ly some distance from their dam, for their 
winter supply of food. As food is re- 
quired, a log is drawn through an under- 
ground door into their house. When the 
bark has been stripped off, the log is eject- 
ed, to be used the following spring for re- 
pairing the dam. 

With the help of the moon and a power- 
ful pair of field glasses, one can pass many 
pleasant hours with the beaver. 



The beaver resembles no other animal 
so much as he does the muskrat; his diet 
and habits being similar. 

In 'j$ I first saw fresh signs of beavers. 
It was my good fortune to accompany a 
party to a great pigeon roost in Presque 
Isle county, Michigan. There was a stream 
near on which beavers were building 
a new dam, felling poplars 5 and 6 inches 
in diameter. An old trapper in the party 
told me that the framework was about 

"Now," said he, "smaller brush will be 
cut down and woven in : then they will be- 
gin sending dirt down stream, which calks 
the dam until it will hold water." 

It was a great wonder to me that an ani- 
mal should possess such seemingly human 
intelligence. I marvelled that they could 
construct a dam that would hold water and 
survive floods, place it where natural con- 
ditions promised the least labor in con- 
struction, and fell timber as unerringly as 
expert woodsmen. 

The trapper and I formed a partnership, 
sent for a kit of traps and spent the fall 
there ; making our headquarters in the 
pigeon hunters' shack. When our outfit 
came it was still too early for the skins to 
be of high value, therefore we spent the 
time exploring the country. Grouse 
were numerous and extremely tame, and it 
required no effort to supply ourselves with 
meat. We discovered 3 other dams in the 
vicinity of Rainy river, evidently long es- 
tablished. On the new dam its inhabitants 
were working in midsummer, but we saw 
no fresh sign to indicate occupancy of 
the old dams until the first frosts came. 
Then we noticed that repairs were being 

made on the dams which had been injured 
by floods. 

Labide, the trapper, said the ponds are 
deserted after the young have been raised 
in early summer. The animals travel about 
during warm weather ; but are sure to re- 
turn, if unmolested, and restore their dam. 
They cut poplars and willows, sinking them 
in the pond, and the bark furnishes food 
in winter. If no house is built the home is 
a burrow in the banks, after the manner of 
tht muskrat. When winter sets in, the 
beaver is a prisoner, as it were, until the 
spring breakup, all feeding and movements 
taking place beneath the ice. 

About October 15 Labide said it was 
time to set the traps. Double spring fox 
traps were used. I watched his pre- 
parations closely and listened eagerly to his 
remarks. He said, 

"Where the water is deep enough, 
trapping should be done from a boat, 
so as to leave no signs ; for the beaver 
is as suspicious of man's footprints, 
scent and other evidence of his presence 
as is the red fox. If the water is too 
shallow, as it usually is, traps must be set 
by wading. A beaver, like a muskrat, will 
leg himself if the water is not deep enough 
to drown. him; and he is worse to hold in 
proportion than a rat because he must not 
be staked solid lest he tear away. I bitch 
to a chunk that can be pulled around, but 
big enough to keep the game from es- 

No houses were seen except on one of 
the dams, where there were 5. At the 
of those we set traps under water. Else- 
where traps were set under water against 
the bank, in excavation signs. When visit- 



ing traps Labide cautioned mc to approach 
only near enough to the bank to satisfy 
myself as to the result. One colony was 
so far away that we decided to trap it 
later. We caught 3 on the new pond 
the first night; the traps on the other 
ponds were undisturbed. Two of the 
beavers were large. I estimated their weight 
at 20 pounds each. The large ones were 
alive and lest they should tear off a foot 
and escape Labide shot them. 

We caught 7 large and 4 small beavers 
in the 3 ponds. Then the remainder left 
the vicinity in spite of our precaution. 
During the next 3 days none of the traps 
were sprung, so we pulled them up and 
made for the farther dam, hoping we 
should find the fugitives or some of them 
added to its colony. We were doomed to 
disappointment ; an Indian occupied the 
ground and had already caught 7. Pine 
martens were numerous, however, and we 
turned our attention to them. By placing 
bait in the bottom of hollow trees and other 
conspicuous places we caught 21 in a week. 

My last trapping of beavers occurred in 
the fall of '89, near Manistique lake. I 
found an occupied dam on spring water 
that was still open. I succeeded in catch- 
ing 2 before the rest left just before the 
pond froze over. I hunted over the same 
territory the following autumn, but that 
time was not prepared for trapping. An 
old trapper held the ground and was trap- 
ping beavers on 2 dams. In one week he 
caught 9, of all sizes, and eventually trapped 
14. In consideration of courtesies received 

he imparted additional secrets of beaver 

He said that in fall, beavers may be more 
readily caught by the use of a mixture of 
oil of rosemary, one part ; anise oil, 2 
parts, which must be kept tightly bottled. 
A few drops are sprinkled on the bank just 
above the trap or wherever fresh signs 
may appear. Often this scent is placed on 
a piece of rotten wood and laid just above 
the trap. During the mating season, March 
and April, beavers make a deposit of musk 
at the different points of feeding or of 
leaving the water ; also with each deposit 
of excreta. This is done to enable the ani- 
mals to track their companions. Trappers, 
taking advantage of the habit, remove the 
musk gland, or castor, as it is called. Suf- 
ficient alcohol is taken in a bottle to cover 
the castor, which, after being dissolved, is 
used in the same manner as the anise mix- 
ture. Trappers do not use any kind of 
bait in trapping beavers except the odors 

Sometimes beavers are caught by lower- 
ing a trap into the entrance of a burrow 
deep under water. The trap is staked solid- 
ly and brush is thrust in the bottom near 
the burrow, so that when caught the ani- 
mal may become entangled and drown. 
Beavers should be skinned open and 
stretched as nearly round as possible. The 
tail, having no value, is left on the carcass. 

The capture cf beavers in Michigan is 
prohibited for several years to come. Few 
are to be found at present below the Straits 
of Mackinac. 



O' winter nights when all the world lies 

And ghostly moonbeams glimmer on the 

With pipe to comrade me, 'tis sweet to 

Wrapt in the ruddy firelight's fitful gleam, 
And, dreaming, fare through old time ways 

at will. 

Ah ! how the heart swells and the dry eyes 

With mists of memory that over spill, 

As back I turn, up Life's too rapid stream 
O' winter nights. 

Then how the vibiant pulses throb and 

With vouth-keen ardor which nor age nor 

Can lessen ; for again I seem 
To hear the hoof beats of some smoking 

And catch the chime of sleigh bells, sweetly 


O' winter nights. 



What constitutes a successful fishing 
trip? Is it the fish you catch? Is it the 
getting up at 3 a. m. when you would 
rather sleep and wish heartily you had not 
promised to go? Is it the early, hurried 
breakfast or the starting off without one? 
Is it the long, cold ride or the wet grass? 
Is it the contents of the lunch basket? Is 
it the briar and bramble and wet feet? Is 
it the return trip? No and no. Yet you 
are ready to go again and have planned 
your next trip before you reach home. 

We were up at 2.30 June 29th, Ray and 
Bill and I, and with the usual hurried cup 
of coffee, the lunch, the worms and the 
tackle we started. The improvised team, a 
mate and an odd one, were hitched to a 
light rig, the pole of which did not fit, and 
were toggled on with hay wire. The links 
on the heavy tugs were toggled on to the 
light whiffletrees in the same way. Visions 
of all kinds of trouble flashed through my 
mind. The word to go was given and 
the trouble began. The odd horse plied 
ahead and the mate plied back and refused 
to go. With ears laid back and cussedness 
in his eye he began to back until the rig 
was cramped against the gatepost. We 
all got out. It was growing daylight and 
there were 10 miles to go. We waited a 
minute, which seemed an hour. Gradually 
the ears of the balky horse resumed their 
natural position, he took a reluctant step, 
then 2. We yelled "whoa," and they were 
off. With a lively spring we caught on 
and away we went. 

The woods, so lately bare, were clothed in 
green and all nature was at its best. Our 
cigars were lighted and we bowled along. 
A mile from town in an open glade a deer 
was quietly grazing. He knew he was safe, 
and after a good look, to see if we had a 
gun, he continued his breakfast. Down 
the long grade we went at a lively gait, 
crossed the stream and climbed the bluff 
past the deserted houses of the old Cale- 
donian mine. The Flint Steel valley lay 
below us on the left, grandly beautiful in 
the morning light, and rocky bluffs rose 
high on our right. 

Greenland was reached and left behind 
asleep, and we plunged into the woods 
again. We were shivering with cold but 
anticipation stirred our blood as we neared 
the end of our trip, and 5 o'clock found 
us at the high trestle where the Mineral 
Range road crosses the stream. 

We put up the horses _ in _ an old shack 

by the roadside, rigged the tackle with 
fingers so cold it was difficult to string a 
squirming worm on a hook, and plunged 
into the wet woods and grass, each trying 
to score the first fish. The brush was so 
thick I had to trim the knots off my rod 
in order to draw it ; iter me endwise. I 
stumbled over logs and snags. My hook 
was fast in a snag at the bottom and then 
in a bush overhead. 1 was wet up to 
my knees, I had a stick in my eye, a bug 
in my ear, and several mosquitoes on my 
neck, but I was having fun, had several 
bites and got one or 2 small trout. Then 
I wondered how many the other fellows 
had. Ever just behind the next bend, a 
little farther up, seems to be a better place.. 
I tore through the brush and over the 
logs, I slipped, slid and stumbled to get 
ahead of those other fellows. I was no 
longer cold. My collar was wilted and my 
shirt was up my back. I was getting hun- 
gry, but I was having fun. 

At last I found time to look at my watch 
and it was 8 o'clock. Great Scott ! I 
thought it was almost noon ! The folks at 
home were not up yet and my breakfast 
would not be ready if I was at home. I 
seated myself on a log, lighted a cigar, 
baited my line in the pool, wondered 
"where I was at," and how far it was back 
to the wagon. It would not do to let the 
other fellows beat me ! Desk and business 
were forgotten. Troubles of yesterday and 
of tomorrow cut no ice. The change of 
scene had cast its spell and I did not care 
whether school kept or not. 

I impaled another struggling worm and 
tried for that big one I had not yet caught. 
For an hour more I fished industriously 
for count, and then made a break for the 
wagon. As I crashed through the brush I 
wondered how I ever got there and how 
far it was back. 

I found things as I left them. We ate 
lunch, lighted our pipes, counted our fish 
and for an hour lay on the grass, rested 
and compared notes. 

The afternoon was passed in much the 
same way only not in such a hurry. To 
be tired, hungry and to reach home are the 
3 things essential to a successful hunting 
or fishing excursion. One trout that 
weighs a pound and 19 more that weigh 
another pound make a proud and happy 
angler. He has planned another trip for the 
earliest possible day. Who says it is not a 










San Dieg'o is a natural center for aquatic 
sports. The bay on which it is situated 
rivals that of Naples in beauty of surface 
and surroundings, and surpasses it in safe- 
ty. Young women have not been slow to 
avail themselves of the splendid opportunity 
San Diego bay affords for rowing. About 
10 years ago plans for systematic rowing 
were adopted.. Before that time women's 
crews were unheard of, while to-day San 
Diego is the home of some 20 such organi- 

The State Normal school of San Diego 
was organized in November, 1898, and the 
young women of the school at once be- 
came intensely interested in rowing. They 
adopted it as the out of door physical train- 
ing, which should receive their greatest 
attention. In January, 1899, they organized 
themselves into a rowing association, which 
still shows the greatest activity. The asso- 
ciation is composed of 5 complete crews 
which row in its 8 oared barge, the Pristis. 
Each school day a crew, composed of 8 
girls and a captain, has its regular practice 
row about the bay of an hour and a half 
or 2 hours, for the exercise and drill ; and 
at special times rows of 6 to 14 miles are 
taken. The officers of the organization are 
commodore, Miss Laura Wescott ; secre- 
tary treasurer, Miss Laura Fenton ; busi- 
ness manager, Mr. J. F. West. These 
officers and the captains of the various 
crews form the executive board. Each 
crew of the association has its captain, 
name and colors. The champion crew is 
composed of the 8 girls who have proved 
themselves the strongest and most skilled 
rowers among the crews, and is commanded 
by the commodore. 

At the time appointed for practice row 
the girls assemble at the club house, don 
their loose, comfortable sailor blouses, and 
stand by to await the captain's orders. The 
barge is hoisted to its place under cover 
by means of block and tackle, and with the 
order "Stand by to let fall the boat" num- 
bers 1, 5 and 8, managing the tackle, lower 
the boat into the water. As the captain 
gives the order "Man the boat," the girls 
slide down the ropes and take their places; 
and with the orders "Stand by your oars," 
"Up oars," and "Let fall," all is in readiness 
to push off. Then as the orders "Stand by" 
and "Give way" are obeyed the crew is off 
on the water. When several crews are out 
at the same time and meet one another the 
salute is "Toss." With the orders "Stand 
by to toss" and "Toss" the oars are raised 
altogether in an upright position, the cap- 
tains salute, and after a chat the row is 





continued. The discipline and evolutions 
on the regular rows are in every way simi- 
lar to those of the barge rowing of our 
navy. A pleasant part of the row is the 
"hand out," an appetizing luncheon, after 
which the oars dip with renewed energy. 
On the return to the boat house the Pristis 
is hoisted to her position and the ropes are 

With few exceptions the girls of the 
crews are enthusiastic swimmers and do 
much rowing in an ordinary 2 oared boat. 
The fascination of the sport is great and 
the girls regard the rowing as valuable 
physical exercise as well as pleasant recre- 
ation. At the end of a season they find 
the muscles of the whole body healthily 
developed and firm ; and they look on life 
in general with zest. 

It has not been the custom to do much 
racing on San Diego bay, but from the first 
organization of boat crews there have fre- 
quently been tests of skill, and for the 
championship beautiful and costly prizes 
have been given, usually flags, pennants, etc. 
At the 4th of July celebration, 1901, the 4 
8-oared barges of the bay, manned by their 
respective crews, entered into competitive 
drill, the order of evolutions being regulat- 
ed by the officers of the U. S. S. Ranger 

and the signals given from that ship. This 
was one of the most interesting exhibitions 
ever given by the girls' crews. Similar evo- 
lutions are a feature of rowing when dif- 
ferent vessels are in port. 

Quite as important as the discipline of 
the crews is the social side of the life.- An 
ingenuous method of obtaining money to 
defray the expense of keeping up boats, 
buildings, etc., is giving entertainments and 
private theatricals. These always, of 
course, prove successful, and afford not 
only the needed funds but the amusement 
of preparations and rehearsals. Associa- 
tion and crew parties and dinners are also 
a part of the social life.. For barge parties, 
on moonlight nights, some point along the 
bay is selected for landing, guests are in- 
vited, and a bountiful luncheon is prepared. 
On landing, material for a bonfire is col- 
lected, coffee made, and often fish or the 
like roasted over the fire. Then when sup- 
per is over, all join in games, story telling, 
or other features of the evening. 

Thus the rowing association ministers to 
the whole woman, developing the physique, 
affording mental as well as physical disci- 
pline, and offering the recreation, social 
diversion, and good fellowship so much 
needed by the busy student. 

"What would you say," began the vol- 
uble prophet of woe, "if I were to tell you 
that in a short time all the rivers of this 
country would dry up?" 

"I should say," replied the patient man, 
' 'Go thou and do likewise.' " — Christian 




In 185 — my friend H. and I were in- 
vited to spend Christmas week at the home 
of Mr. E., a substantial farmer living in 
Southwestern Kentucky, and to participate 
in an annual deer hunt. 

Christmas morning we ate breakfast at 
Mr. E.'s by lamplight, and by the time we 
left the table our hunters were saddled at 
the door. A brisk ride of 2 miles in the 
crisp air and we pulled up at the ideal 
Kentucky country home of Squire C, who 
was to lead the hunt. The Squire gave us 
a cordial welcome, and was much inter- 
ested in my rifle, which had one of the 
few Remington barrels then in existence. 
The other members of the partv were 
equipped with the old long Kentucky rifles, 
and we all carried powder horns, hunting 
pouches, ammunition and sheath knives, 
for those were the days of muzzle loaders. 

After presenting us to the ladies of the 
family Squire C. gave the order for us to 
mount at once. This was promptly 
obeyed, and with some 20 others who had 
arrived we were shortly on our way to the 
first drive, 3 miles distant, the Squire and 
Mr. E. at the head of the column and the 
well trained hounds scouring the thickets 
in front, being kept together by the sound 
of a horn in the hands of the Squire. I 
had never before participated in such a 
hunt and Mr. E. had promised to instruct 
me. Soon he dropped back to my side 
and as we were riding through a thicket 
along a narrow wagon track he halted, 
dismounted and told me to tie my horse 
beside his. We walked to the edge of 
the thicket and came on an old field, of 
probably 10 acres, from which the fence 
had been removed. Thirty feet from the 
thicket, in the field, stood an old peach 
tree, and Mr. E., stopping me at it, said: 

"This tree is not a first class shelter, but 
as you have a good gun and can reach any 
part of this old field we give you this 
stand. The dogs will start in at the upper 
end of the thicket. The deer always come 
out of the thickets by one of their regular 
runs or paths and they have several out 
of this, one of which is opposite this tree. 
Get behind the tree and raise the hammer 
of your rifle so as to be ready if the deer 
come out here. Then remain perfectly 
still, as the least noise or the slightest mo- 
tion will turn the deer back " 

A series of short, sharp yelps, followed 
by the long, deep bay of a hound, inter- 
rupted him. Listening a moment, he said : 
"That is those fox hounds, but Trail will 
settle them. He says deer are in there 
and I must get to my stand. Remem- 

ber, no motion or noise," and he left me. 
I was still enough for a while but the 
air was sharp and about an inch of snow 
had fallen that morning, so my feet be- 
gan to acl with coici. I looked about to 
see where the others were stationed, but 
no one was in sight ; nothing but the 
bare, and it seemed to me increasingly 
cold, field. I began to think my feet 
were freezing. I had just convinced my- 
self that in the edge of the thicket was a 
better place for me and was about to go 
there when a change in the tone of the 
dogs caused me to remain where I was 
and forget the cold. Then came a crash- 
ing of brush, blasts from the Squire's 
horn, baying and yelping of dogs and 
loud halloos of human voices intermingled. 
The crashing of brush in the thicket grew 
more distinct until I could trace its course 
by the sound. As it was apparently ap- 
proaching me, my every sense was keenly 
on the alert, I was oblivious of all other 
surroundings and I had entirely forgotten 
the cold. My whole being seemed ab- 
sorbed in that rush. Still on it came, 
with ever increasing sound, down through 
the center of the thicket, and finally it passed 
me. Glancing around I saw many of the 
hunters skirting the edge of the field and 
yelling with all their power. I took a step 
forward, when "Keep your stand !" "Stand 
by the tree !" came from a dozen of them, 
and aeain I took my position, but every 
man had disappeared as if by magic. Then 
the crackling brush again became more 
distinct. My rifle was at my shoulder 
and my eyes felt as if they were coals 
of fire, through my efforts to see into the 
dense thicket. At last a movement of the 
brush, then a magnificent buck, followed 
by a doe, sprang from the thicket into 
the open directly in front of and not 30 feel 
from me, headed to che left and checked 
their speed to look about. In an instant 
I had a bead drawn just behind the left 
shoulder of the buck and pressed the 
trigger. It was the best mark at game 
at close range which had ever fallen to 
my lot, but for the first and only time 
while I owned her my rifle failed to 
respond and both of the deer sped away 
across the field. With both hands I raised 
my rifle above my head to dash it to th: 
ground, but catching sight of the de< r 
I again threw it to my shoulder and fired 
at long range, but my aim was high. The 
buck made one or 2 desperate springs and 
was again in the brush. Then the d 
came out of the thicket, the bloodhound in 
them intensified by the chase, and that 




peach tree was too small to satisfy me 
that it would shield me from their sight 
and attack; but they passed me at an in- 
creased speed, with noses to the ground, 
until entering the brush, when again one 
of them gave 3 peculiar sounds and all 
were again lost to sight. Then the hunt- 
ers came riding into the pen and sur- 
rounded me. 

"Where is your deer?" asked the Squire 
as he rode up. 

"Gone off into the woods," I answered. 

"Didn't you fire " 

"I did." 

"Where did the deer come out of the 

I pointed out the place, and I noticed 
that most of the men, especially the 
younger ones, had all they could do to 
keep from an outbreak of laughter. I then 
explained the failure of the cap to explode 
and where the deer were when I did 
fire, adding that my hurried aim was too 

"Go and see w T hat Trail found," said the 
Squire to one of the men, and again turned 
to me. 

"Where are the dogs?" he asked, and 
there was a suspicious twinkle in his eyes. 

"Gone after the deer." 

"Why did you not stop them?" 

Just then I caught sight of H., who, 
like the other young fellows, was doing his 
best to keep his face straight, and I re- 
plied : 

"Well, Squire, I had no instructions to 
do so, and I don't mind saying that I know 
so little about bloodhounds I am not sure 
I should have tried it if I had been told 

"So you let them go by and probably 
have ended our hunt for to-day," said he. 
Just then the man he had sent forward 
returned and reported, "Two or 3 flecks 
of red, but the tracks beyond are long and 

The Squire's horn was at his lips in an 
instant and I learned for the first time 
the tremendous capabilities of a well pre- 
pared ox horn when blown with vigorous 
blasts; but the Squire's utmost efforts 
failed to change the cries of the dogs, 
which were constantly becoming more and 
more faint, so the drive was at an end for 
that day. 

T. commenced expressing my regrets when 
the Squire interrupted: 

"The fault is not alone with you. I 
promised to give you instructions but for- 
got to do it, so my older neighbors must 
blame me for the disappointment ; but you 
will have to hoe your own row when the 
young people get yon to themselves, and I 
don't envy you the experience." 

When we entered the house most of 
the young ladies of the entire region had 

gathered there, and all were curious to 
know why we had returned so early. On 
our way there H. had told me the young 
fellows had agreed that as I was a stranger 
they would let me down easy. That did 
not suit me, so when the young ladies 
asked the cause of our early return I told 
the story and I did not spare myself. 

The Christmas dinner defied description 
and I shall not attempt to say more than 
that it seemed to me every known edible 
formed a part of it. There for the first 
time 1 had a taste of Kentucky crab cider, 
which is made by freezing and thawing 
crab apples twice before grinding them 
and pressing out the juice. It is delicious. 

After an early breakfast the next morn- 
ing I was placed in charge of one of the 
young hunters, a son of Mr. E., my sta- 
tions for the day being next to him, but 1 
had improved the time to get posted as 
well as I could. We took our places on 
the edge of a big road for the first drive 
of the day, but the dogs found nothing in 
it ; so mounting our horses we rode leis- 
urel; toward our second stations. Soon 
my companion, who had been listening to 
the dogs, said excitedly : 

"There they go, with us a mile from our 
stands ! We must ride for it," at the 
same time dashing ahead. He had the 
best traveler, and called back to me, "Two 
adjoining stands empty and the dogs on a 
hot trail won't do. Follow this track," and 
he turned into a little used wagon track 
leading off to the right of the road. Find- 
ing that I was losing ground I soon left 
the track, which had many curves, and 
headed c traight for him, jumping my horse 
over logs, brush piles, etc., which lay be- 
tween us ; and when our stations were 
reached I was with him. We had just 
takei- our positions when a large buck 
srrang across the wagon track close beyond 
me, but Mr. E. was at that stand. The 
buckshot from his gun cut the throat of 
thvi deer neatly and it fell dead. 

We hurriedly dressed the deer, hung it 
tc the limb of a tree and soon all were on 
their way to their stations for the third 
drive. At my earnest request Squire C. 
reluctantly consented to let me follow the 
hounds with him in that one, saying he 
would be glad of my company but feared 
I would find the experience worse than 
freezing my feet on a stand. He rode a 
large gray hunting mare that for a time 
seemed to me to take things remarkably 
easy, the Squire not touching the bridle 
which lay loose on the pommel, the mare 
taking her course by the sound of the 
voice of the hound Trail, while the horn 
directed the course of the dogs. The 
first half hour, as we rode along engaged 
in pleasant conversation, I thought follow- 
ing the hounds a great improvement Oft 



occupying a stand; but about that time 
the dogs jumped, the Squire's old hunter 
pricked up her ears, lengthened her stride 
and increased her pace. I attempted to 
keep up gradually, but fell behind. Final- 
ly I brought up in a tangle of grape 
vine and brush. I tried to back out, 
but I was also in a bed of green brier, 
so my horse could not back. I was 
obliged to dismount and cut my horse 
loose with my sheath knife. When I 
mounted again the Squire was out of 
sight. I pulled my hat down over my 
eyes, gave my horse the spur and leaning- 
forward headed for the sound of the horn 
at the best speed my horse could make. 
Finally I came to an opening and dis- 
covered the Squire alout half a mile away, 
his old hunter standing still, with 4 or 5 
of the other men and some of the boys 
near him. An occasional blast on his 
horn to recall the dogs warned the men 
that the drive had been traversed and the 
deer had escaped by a run which had not 
been guarded. 

"You must have found following the 
hounds even more rough than I expected, 
but are you seriously hurt?" said the 
Squire as I rode up. 

I had been intent on catching up with 
him, but his question and a smarting sen- 

sation as I halted caused me to look at my 
hands, then another twinge at my thigh, 
and finally to make a general examination. 
My hands were scratched and bleeding all 
over; I had a gash in one thigh 3 inches 
long and half an inch deep, probably made 
by a thorn bush I had dashed through ; 
and numerous other wounds. There were 
many holes torn in my clothing, but my 
face was all right, thanks to my heavy, 
wide brimmed hat. The hat itself was 
badly ventilated for winter weather. 

My wounds were rubbed with whiskey 
and the largest were pressed together and 
bound with a few strips of sticking plaster. 

The weather looked threatening and the 
hunt was abandoned for that day. We 
spent the evening cheerfully around the 
great wood fire, and on retiring, a thor- 
ough rubbing with whiskey left me in good 
condition for the next day. However, 
a long rain had set in and the drive was 
over ; but not our holiday. A lot of young 
people gathered and in the different homes 
of the region, where we were always given 
a royal Kentucky welcome, we spent the 
remaining 3 days of our vacation most 
joyously. Notwithstanding my somewhat 
rough experience in the drive I shall 
always remember the incidents of that 
holiday week with greatest pleasure. 



Pile the fagots high upon the roaring camp 
While we tell the story of the wildwood's 
Here the sky is clear, the air is soft and 
And we hear no echoes of the city's noise. 
From the thicket's depths the whip- 
poor-will is calling, 
And the streamlet sings along its 
cheerful way ; 
While above us, in the breeze, 
Sway the branches of the trees, 
Where the birds await the coming of 
the day. 

Pile the fagots high upon the gleaming 
camp fire 
While we smoke our pipes, and tell the 
story o'er 
Of the game we bagged upon the hills or 
Or the fish we landed on the pebbly shore. 
Then we'll sleep, and dream of pleas- 
ures for the morrow ; 
Sleep and dream while lullabies the 
cricket sings ; 
Till the cool night wears away, 
And the shadows dim and gray 
Flee before the light the rosy morn- 
ing brings. 












i— > 








'My piscatorial brothers of the Catalina 
islands, fresh from battles with the yellow- 
tail and the tuna, will probably scoff and 
raise pitying eyebrows at the idea of fish- 
ing for such small fry as the tyee salmon of 
Washington. Nevertheless, about the last of 
May I am well pleased to have my Siwash 
Indian friend, old Jack, come to me with 
the information, "Tyee running at Point ; 
no herring." Translated, this means that 
the spring run of salmon has reached Point 
Defiance, and that the herrings have not 
come, so it will be necessary to take some 
for bait. I never use bait, but for 5 years 
the old fellow has been tireless in his 
efforts to convert me. I drop into a store 
and buy him a package of tobacco, when 
he says good-bye in high good humor. 

Point Defiance, about 7 miles from Ta- 
coma, Washington, is a long arm of land 
stretching out into Puget sound, which at 
that place is a beautiful sheet of water 
about 3 miles wide. It is a most pictur- 
esque spot, the clay and sand cliffs rising 
abruptly 200 feet over the water ; and 
towering skyward from the top are giant 
cedars and firs, some of them 300 feet high. 
Around the foot of the cliffs the tide rushes 
like a mill race, forming whirlpools and 
back eddies, the latter running close to 
shore, often for over a mile. Deep down 
in these eddies and close to the whirlpools 
the tyee (Siwash for chief) love to lie in 
wait for their favorite food, the herring; 
the water being ice cold and 75 to over 
500 feet deep. 

It was in one of these back eddies that 
B. and I were to be found one warm after- 
noon in May, 2 hours before sundown. 
Our outfit was a cedar skiff, a 7-foot sal- 
mon rod weighing 11 ounces, a reel holding 
600 feet of line, a gaff, a short killing club, 
and 3 or 4 varieties of darting spoons. The 
darting spoon seems to be a creation of 
the Pacific Northwest ; at least I have seen 
nothing exactly like it elsewhere. It is a 
single thin piece of copper, brass, or silver, 
about 5 inches long by 2 inches wide, cut 
in a narrow oval. It has a peculiar series 
of curves and does not revolve, but zigzags 
in all directions when drawn through the 
water. A single hook is riveted into the 
end and about 3 feet of wire snell are 
used, with a swivel at each end to prevent 
the line from kinking. Some anglers use 
double or even treble hooks. A keel-shaped 
sinker weighing about 7 ounces is used, 
which is arranged to slide along the line 
by 2 screweyes. Its proper position is 
about 30 feet up the line from the spoon, 

where it is held in place by a wire catch 
that is set in one end in a line with the 
screweye. The strike of the fish releases 
it, when it slides down to the snell and 
allows a free line for play. 

Thus equipped we rowed slowly along 
the eddy, just fast enough to keep the 
spoon energetic at the end of 100 feet of 
line. We carefully watched the surface 
of the water in all directions to see if the 
tyee were rolling, and we rejoiced that the 
water was unbroken. At certain times 
these fish all come to the surface to play, 
rolling their backs and tails lazily on the 
surface. On such occasions the angler 
can paddle within a few feet of them, but 
he might just as well pack up his tackle 
and go home, for he can not catch anything. 

It was early in the day for tyee, but 
soon a fierce jerk told us a fight of some 
sort had begun. I reeled in the line as 
fast as possible, apparently without even 
the spoon at the end, but we well knew that 
was only one of the tricks of the silver 
salmon. This fact was proved a few sec- 
onds after the strike, when close to the 
boat a glistening 12 pounder leaped high 
out of the water and tried to shake the 
hook from his mouth. Failing in that, 
after several attempts, he twisted and 
turned over in the water so rapidly as to 
soon tire and allow himself to be brought 
to gaff. The line was wound 3 or 4 times 
around his gills, but a few raps with the 
killing club quieted him and he was then 
untangled. Very handsome he looked ly- 
ing in the boat, and he made a swift, gamy 
fight for 10 minutes, but we were after 
something different. 

We put out the spoon again and soon a 
short tug, followed by a spirited fight far 
below the surface, brought to light a 5 
pound rock cod. His bright red color and 
gaping mouth gave him the appearance of 
being much heated and out of breath from 
his exertions. 

Still hope was deferred, but undismayed 
we again lowered the spoon and a few 
minutes rowing took us over where a sand 
bar stretched far below the surface. In 
passing this the spoon seemed to catch on 
the bottom, an accident which almost in- 
variably means the loss of spoon, sinker 
and a portion of line, not to mention a 
frightful loss of temper. Fortune favored 
us that time, for a steady strain show< 
gain of 3 feet of line, which continued 
until a long dark body appeared in the clear 
water below. It was one of the big brown 
cod of Puget sound ; but as soon as he 




saw the boat his tail pointed upward and 
down he went, like an iron safe. That 
style of fighting continued about 25 minutes, 
until finally his codship was brought to 
gaff, both fish and angler about equally 
exhausted. Nineteen pounds, over 3 feet 
long, with an enormous mouth fringed with 
teeth like those of a bulldog, the brown 
cod is, nevertheless, the finest food fish 
in those waters. 

By that time the sun had nearly reached 
the horizon and the Indians were around 
us in their canoes. There was old Jack, 
perched in the stern of his canoe, on a pile 
of large rocks that barely offset the weight 
of his enormous squaw in the bow, inci- 
dentally the fattest human being I ever saw 
out of a circus. They formed a truly re- 
markable contrast, he being mere skin and 
bone. In these cases the squaw always 
does half the paddling, while the man does 
all the fishing. 

For half an hour or so we rowed slowly 
along, watching the kingfishers and guil- 
lemots retiring for the night to their holes 
in the cliffs, and finally becoming com- 
pletely absorbed in watching the onslaught 
of a flock of crows on a pair of bald eagles, 
whose nest was in one of the giant firs. 
Suddenly the rod was almost jerked out 
of my hand, the tip was pulled deep under 
water, and the reel buzzed angrily as its 
handle removed the skin from one or 2 
of my knuckles. Fifty feet, 75, 100, 150, 
and still the line went out. This is no 
silver salmon or cod, for no fish in the 
sound but the tyee is capable of such con- 
tinued bursts of speed. Gradually, how- 
ever, the strain of the little rod begins to 
tell and 50 feet of line are regained, when 
the reel handle is jerked out of my hand 
and he is off again on another 150 foot race. 
Nearly 400 feet of line are out, but I fight 
back, inch by inch, until my fish goes to the 
bottom to sulk and try ^o jerk the hook 
out of his mouth. This is the most trying 
time of all to the angler, for the mouth of 
a salmon is tender and will not stand much 
snubbing. However, if he keeps this up 
he will certainly tear loose, so I gradually 
force him to the surface, which gives us 
a view of his broad green back with its 
black mottling. The first sight of the boat 
sets him frantic and he is off again on 
another series of rushes, this time so close 
to the surface as to make the line sing 
through the water, thus forming with the 
whirring of the reel the most charming of 
all duets to the ear of an angler. The fight 
is on again for the same length of time 
as before, but finally he tires and is brought 
to gaff. Still shaking his head, after a 
grand battle of over half an hour, he is 
taken into the boat, 22 pounds of the 
gamest fighting fish in Puget sound. 

The sun having set, all the other boats 

caught fish as well as ourselves. The 
Indians use herring and a hand line, for 
they argue that a rod in such cases is white 
man nonsense and a criminal waste of time. 
However, we were both anxious to waste 
another half hour in the same way, so over 
went the spoon. That time only 2 minutes 
passed before the tip of the rod was jerked 
under water, and the handle of the reel 
tried to resemble a circular saw in action. 
The fight was a repetition of the last one 
until, apparently tired out, the fish was 
brought within 100 feet of the boat. Then, 
as if possessed by the Furies, he dashed 
away with 200 feet of line and came to a 
sudden stop. I reeled in the line with 
nothing but dead weight at the end, and 
we lifted from the water the remains of a 
handsome salmon. He was torn into 
shreds, and looking down into the water 
we saw a school of dogfish. 

It was necessary to row a few hundred 
yards to get away from them, and prepara- 
tory to setting the sinker I tossed the 
spoon over with 3 or 4 feet of line. We 
then examined our mangled captive, before 
starting in to fish, and he proved an inter- 
esting example of dogfish voracity. The 
clean cut bites gave a good idea of the 
sharp teeth of this little shark. An un- 
expected interruption came in the shape 
of a great splash under the stern of the 
skiff and I threw out the sinker just in 
time to avoid a broken line. Another 
fight and a 15 pound tyee was brought to 

It was then dark and a succession of 
short jerks on the line showed that nothing 
but dogfish were to be caught. This was 
amply proved as out of the darkness we 
heard an Indian gaff a fish, then the thud, 
thud, thud of the killing club, and lastly a 
splash followed by an avalanche of Siwash 
profanity. Not a thing could be seen, but 
the whole scene was before us as plain as 
day, for we knew that such is the love be- 
stowed on all dogfish by the Indians. 

The tide being in our favor, we paddleb! 
lazily back to the camp. The possibilities 
of this kind of fishing form one of its many 
fascinations, for the angler never can tell 
what may take his hook. Some days he will 
lose nearly every fish that strikes, while on 
others he will make a clean record. Nearly 
everything from a rock cod to a bull seal 
has been known to take a spoon, and tyee 
as heavy as 75 pounds have been taken on 
the hook. Mr, P. V. Caesar, of Tacoma, 
met with an exciting experience when near- 
ly all of his 600 foot line was taken out 
at one rush by some unknown monster- of 
the deep, only to have it tear loose at the 
end. Realizing that he must check the rush 
at all costs, he applied a heavy drag to 
the reel and then gave the butt, which re- 
sulted in the loss of the fish, 




Next morning pa woke me up soon, an 
as soon as we'd et a snack, an' put a couple 
of biscuits apiece in our pockets, we lit 
out fer the traps, an' we was aimin' ter move 
our line some'rs else, but we had more in 
'em than we'd ever had at one time. First 
trap we come to, there was a big ole ring- 
tail in it, awaitin' fer us, an' he were'nt in 
no good humor neither, but pa told 'im 
howdy with a light'ud knot, an' we snatched 
'is pelt of in a minnit. We decided not to 
move that trap, seein's it was doin' so well, 
an' as it was clost ter where we caught our 
trap bait, I got a handful of worms outen 
a dead tree an' we went down ter the branch 
an' got our little poles outen the bushes an' 
went ter fishin'. I reckon I've said it a 
dozen times before, but it shore was fun 
a snatchin' them perch out. I caught a 
little catfish, an' he were the most wiggle- 
some thing I ever seen. It tangled my 
thread line up so bad I had ter throw it 
away, an' I got worried with 'im an' tried 
ter mash the stuffin' outen 'im, an' struck 
one of 'is horns in my thumb, an', doggon 
my cats, how it hurt. I throwed 'im on the 
ground and give 'im a stomp that fixed 'is 
clock, an' by that time we had enougn, for 
pa'd jest been a slingin' 'em out while me 
and the catfish was a havin' it. 

The next trap had another big coon in 

"By grannies," pa sez, "at this rate we'll 
soon be loaded down with hides." 

The first 2 otter traps weren't sprung, 
but the third one had a big, fine one in it. 
We could hear the chain a rattlin'. an' the 
water a splashin' soon's we come clost to 
it, an' I never seen nothin' no fiercer'n that 
old otter. He'd grab the trap in 'is tushes 
an' chomp it like he was goin' ter eat it up. 
Pa said it takes a mighty good dog ter 
whip one, fer their hides so loose they kin 
turn plum around in it, an' a dog kaint 
git no holt. Pa done 'im like he done the 
coons, an' throwed 'im over 'is shoulder, 
an' we went on till we come to where we 
had a trap set in the dry sand on the bank 
where the otter had been a wallerin'. 

The trap was sprung, and the ground jest 
natchelly tore up. There was one toe of an 
otter in the trap, jest fresh gnawed off, an' 
the water was still roiled up where he'd 
entered the branch. 

"Dad buzzle it all," sez pa, "if we'd a 
been 5 minutes sooner we'd a got 'im, but 
it ain't no use ter cry over lost otters nor 
spilt milk." 

We pulled up the trap an' set it in another 

place, fer pa said it ud be a long time 'fore 
they wallered there again. 

We was agoin' acrost from one pond to 
another, an' we seen something runnin' 
through the grass an' a shakin' the weeds, 
an' we took after it, and doggone if it 
weren't 3 otters. They kaint run so power- 
ful fast an' pa knocked one in the head with 
a knot, but the other 2 tore out for the 
nearest pond, an' you couldn't no more 
head 'em than nothin'. They was jest sim- 
ply bound an' determined ter git in that 
water, but jest as they was a gittin' in a 
bunch of tall grass in the edge of the pond, 
I turned my old single barrel loose an' 
killed one, an' the other got away. We was 
shore proud, an' I woulden fool yer. We 
hung the 3 of 'em in a little thick oak out 
of the sun. an' went ter the balance of the 
traps quick's we could, an' we got 4 more 
coons, and 2 'possums, which we turned 

"If this keeps up," sez pa, "we'll be rich 
as Jews." 

We went back to the otters and pa 
showed me how to start the hide, an' I cased 
one while he was a doin' the other 2. It 
shore is a job, fer every bit of skin has 
ter be worked off with the knife, an' if 
you ain't mighty keerful, you'll cut holes in 
it, an' ruin it. It was one o'clock 'fore we 
was done, an' I was nearly faint I was so 

On the way back we went by a little 
slough, an' there was the biggest bunch of 
white curlews I ever seen, a feedin' along 
the edge of it. Pa sez: 

"Slip up to 'em, son, an' see'f you kaint 
kill us a mess at one shot." 

I crawled on my all fours through the 
grass, an' got right up on 'em. 1 laid there 
a minute a watchin' 'em, an' it was a right 
purty sight. They was a walkin' about in 
the mud an' water, a drillin' down in it 
with their bills after crawfish, which they 
seem ter love bettern anything else. Any- 
way their craws is always full of 'em when 
you kill 'em. They was all the time makin' 
a fuss amongst 'emselves like they was a 
talkin' ter one 'nother. All of a sudden 
one old feller seen me through the grass, 
an' sez "onk, onk," an' the whole hunch riz 
up together, an' such another hattin' of 
wings I never seen. I laid flat in the grass. 
but bein' up in the air they all seen me an' 
I knowed it was now or never. So T 
jumped up an aimed inter the thickest of 
'em, an' shot down five of 'em. but I'm 
satisfied if I'd a scored into 'em on the 
ground I'd a got 20. We cut the meat often 



em an' pulled out fer camp, an' we killed 
ii poterges in 3 shots, on the way back. 

Uncle Dick an' Mr. Sam had a lot of 
fried pertaters an' about 40 perch a keepin' 
hot fer us in the skillet, an' I'm here ter 
tell you they was shore good. After dinner 
pa stretched the otter hides on some boards 
he had fixed fer the business an' I tended 
ter the coon hides. When it come dark 
we cooked up our birds an' made some 
biscuit an' had another fine mess. Livin' 
in camp's the best livin' in the world. While 
we was eatin' the curlews, pa said to Uncle 
Dick : 

"Do you remember when we was 
boys, an' slipped up ter that big bunch 
of curlews in the hammock perairer, an' 
never got none of 'em." 

Uncle Dick laughed an' said : 

"I cert'ny do." 

When they was boys, they was a marsh 
pond with a fringe of hammock round it, 
clost ter their home, an' it was called the 
hammock perairer. One day they was a ter- 
rible big bunch of curlews a feedin' along 
one side, clost ter the bushes, an' they took 
their guns an' went after 'em. Right next 
to where the curlews was a feedin' they 
was 2 trails went through the bushes, 'bout 
50 yards apart, an' one of 'em slipped up 
ter one openin' an' on to the other ter see 
where they was the thickest. Where pa 
was they was thick as they could stand 
an' he motions to Uncle Dick to come 
there, but they was jest as thick where he 
was an' he motions pa to come ter him. 
Each one thought he seen 'em the thickest, 
an' they got to whisperin' an' then to callin' 
ter one 'nother. 

"Come 'ere, dad burn it. They's a heap 
the thickest here." 

"No they ain't. They're the most here." 

Directly they made such a fuss till the 

curlews got scared an' flew off an' left 'em 
a disputin' 'bout it, an' they got mad an' 
fought, an' their pa frailed the dirt outen 
'em fer it. 

They got ter tellin' 'bout fire huntin' an' 
how the deer used ter tear up the pertater 
patch of a night, an' Mr. Sam said one 
time they was 2 fellers went a fire huntin' 
an' they shone a pair of eyes an' the man 
with the gun shot down a big ole buck. 
The feller that was totein' the fire pan sez : 

"We done well that time." 

"We, the dickens," sez the other man. 
"I killed 'im, you didn't have nothin' ter 
do with it." 

They hung up their deer an' went on a 
piece, an' direckly they shone another pair 
of eyes, an' the fellers pulled down again, 
an', bless the Lord, he'd massycreed a 
man's horse that was grazin' in the woods. 

"Now we've played the devil," say the 

"We nothin," sez the one with the fire 
pan, "you killed 'im, I didn't have nothin' 
ter do with it." 

Pa said it was a mighty sorry hunter 
couldn't tell a deer's eyes from a horse. 
We laid there by the fire a while, an' I'd 
a been plum satisfied only I couldn't help 
a thinkin' before long we'd have ter pull 
out fer home, fer our time was comin' to an 
end an' the flour an' pertaters a gittin' low.. 
Test as we rolled up in our blankets we 
hearn the old varmint holler, off acrost the 
branch toward the big cypress, an' Old 
Ring got up and howled the lonesomest I 
ever seen. I wouldn't a been by myself for 
a 100 dollars. Mr. Sam sez : 

"If it'll come a rain before we leave ter 
make trailin' good, we'd ought ter take a 
day and seef we kaint run 'im down with 
Old Ring." 

Pa an' Uncle Dick said they was willin', 
an' that's the last I heard that night. 

Witness — Yis, Oi had 3 more whiskies 
at Casey's place. 

Lawyer — And that made you drunk. You 
admit that, of course. 

Witness — Oi'll not swear to it. Oi dunno 
was Oi drunk or sober, fur Oi don't ray- 
mimber anything after thot. — Philadelphia 


The Rev. H. K. Job has written a book 
which bears the above title, and which has 
recently been issued by Doubleday, Page & 
Co., New York. Mr. Job tells many in- 
teresting stories of days and weeks spent 
on lakes, rivers and marshes, studying and 
photographing the various species of water 
birds with which he came in contact. In 

idea of the character of this work by 
quoting from the author's preface : 

"The beautiful bird pictures of Audubon 
fascinated me as a child and made me love 
the birds and begin to watch such of them 
as could be found in the home garden in 
the suburbs of Boston. By the time I was 
old enough to be trusted afield, the limits 




other words, he has for years past been 
hunting with a camera instead of with a 
gun, and this volume records some of his 
most interesting experiences. He is a man 
of wonderful patience and perseverance, and 
in the present volume he has given to the 
world a great deal of valuable information 
and many pictures illustrating the life and 
habits of the water fowl, as only an en- 
thusiastic and persistent student could ever 
know them, I can best give the reader an 

of the city became too narrow, and I began 
to roam abroad, seeking out the haunts of 
the birds. In due time I had formed a 
considerable acquaintance with all the 
familiar songsters, and many others. Soon 
I came to feel a special interest in the 
shyer and more mysterious species that the 
average youngster knew nothing of. Hawks 
and owls were my especial delight, and 
to discover their nests no effort was too 
great a price to pay. 




"This enthusiasm soon took me to the 
sea coast, where there were new worlds to 
conquer in the hordes of migratory waders 
and strong winged fowl of the deep, about 
which the books were all too silent. Audu- 
bon knew them best, but my other favorite 
writers seemed to have sadly neglected 
them. Samuels' "Birds of New England" 
I almost know by heart, but many of my 
bird favorites its author was evidently 
little acquainted with. Minot was intense- 
ly interesting, but he stopped short of the 
water fowl. In pursuit of these inhabitants 

time past these have been thought of laigely 
as targets for the gun. Perhaps they will 
pardon me for laying bare their lives to 
scrutiny, as I protest to them, on the first 
occasion of our future meeting, that I am 
trying to raise up friends for them, not 
foes. It will mark a new era in our civil- 
ization when the now persecuted wild fowl 
can alight in the village pond and feed in 
peace, the object only of friendly admira- 

"As yet they are fearful of that new, 
mysterious Cyclops with its staring eye, the 

Wilson's petrels; the one on the right shows their characteristic "walking 

on the water " 

of shore and ocean, various were the craft 
that I -owned and navigated, and many the 
narrow escapes. However, I am yet alive, 
and the wild fowl have thought it best, in 
view of my persistency, to take me in some 
measure into their confidence and divulge 
to me some of their secrets. After round- 
ing out a full quarter century of these pry- 
ings, on land and sea, I hope I am not 
abusing the confidence of my wild friends 
in telling what they have taught me. The 
robins and chippies, with their kin, have 
been popularized in books innumerable; but 
why should not the great nature-loving 
public find also interesting and instructive 
the lives and ways of the water fowl? In 

camera ; but I hope they may learn to recog- 
nize in it a real friend, for in thousands of 
hands this is taking the place of the gun. 
Far be it from me to deny that there are 
legitimate uses for the dead bird; but owing 
to relentless, short sighted slaughter, hith- 
erto carried on, it is coming to be a question 
of birds or no birds. Every true sportsman 
will practise moderation in the capture of 
game, and every thoughtful lover of wild 
life will stand for its protection. Exercise 
afield and contact with Nature are invalu- 
able, but require an incentive. If the de- 
struction of life can be minimized by the 
finding of some satisfactory substitute for 
the gun, no one will be the loser. Such a 



substitute I myself have found in the 
camera, which fully satisfies my hunter's 
instinct. Far more skill and resource are 
required to photograph a wild creature than 
to shoot it, and the picture, when secured, 
is, ordinarily, of far greater value than a 
few mouthfuls of flesh. As I recall suc- 
cessful shots at fowl from the gunning- 
stand, I would give much to have the pic- 
tures now to inspire me, in exchange for 
fleeting memories. Would it not be wise 
policy to interest our boys in Nature-study, 
and the camera as applied to it, and dis- 
courage shooting at living things? Real 
acquaintance with a harmless and beautiful 
wild creature, I can testify, makes one less 
and less disposed to take its life. Hence 
I most cordially commend to my fellow 
sportsmen and bird lovers this noble instru- 
ment. An expensive outfit is unnecessary. 
In case my own experience may be of any 
encouragement, let me say that all my pic- 
tures in this book were taken with an ordi- 
nary 4 by 5 focusing camera, rapid rectil- 

inear lens, and bellows of 12 inches draw, 
that cost me less than $20. I consider the 4 
by 5 size just right for field work. Equipped 
with such a camera and any good make of 
rapid plates, with a little careful study and 
practice of photographic method, following 
out some such plans afield as are described 
in this and other volumes, joined with real 
love for the birds and nature, there is no 
reason why anyone may not succeed better 
than I have done." 

The book contains over 100 illustrations, 
all from photographs, and a man might 
profitably spend a whole day studying these 
alone. It will be impossible for any bird 
lover to look at even half a dozen of the 
pictures without wanting to read the text, 
and learn how it was possible for a photog- 
rapher to get near enough to the birds to 
make the pictures. Mr. Job has placed all 
bird lovers under lasting obligations to him, 
by giving to the world this delightful vol- 
ume, and I trust it may have the large sale 
it so greatly merits. 



How dear to my heart are the old fashioned But the sportsmen got after the dropsical 
stories rooters, 
Of game hogs who roamed o'er the earth And hustled and harried each bristle- 
long ago ; backed scamp. 

Tis said that those swine once partook of Also came Recreation — may it flourish for- 

the glories ever — 

Which fond Mother Nature so loves to And swatted the porkers with language 

bestow. succinct ; 

They ground-raked the quails, they slew all It lammed them and jammed them, with 

the rabbits, tireless endeavor, 

They made of the wildwood a desolate Till the whole swinish lot soon became 

waste ; 
Yes ; they killed all the game, and so hog- 
gish their habits, 
They left for the sportsmen not even a 


The bristle-backed game hog. 
The slab-sided game hog, 
The ill mannered game hog, 
Extinct long ago. 

O, those game hogs they proved to be cow- 
ardly scooters 
When the L. A. S. forces marched into 
their camp, 

quite extinct. 

That's the reason I like to hear stories that 
tell of 
The low minded hogs and their mean, sel- 
fish ways ; 
But I sigh as I think what a perfectly hell 
A time sportsmen must have had back in 
those days. 
And it really does give me much quiet en- 
To think how those rooters must work 
where they dwell ; 
For Satan has given them steady em] 
At constantly piling on brimstone in hell. 















r^9 v 

J — ~^v 





E. W. SHAW. 

We were camped on the Cleveland penin- 
sula, about 50 miles North of Ketchikan, 
and were following some rich looking float, 
discovered the spring before by my com- 
panion, Sam Gellet. Ketchikan is on Ton- 
gas narrows and is a little, white hamlet, 
typical of Alaskan coast, with totem poles, 
a salmon cannery, Siwash dogs and an oc- 
casional mail steamer. It was in November, 
and the first snow of the season, dry and 
feathery, had effectually stopped all pros- 
pecting for that winter. Back on the rocky, 
bold mountains of the peninsula, where 
dwells the white goat, it lay deep and dan- 
gerous enough to satisfy the most enthusi- 
astic lover of mountain climbing or winter 
shooting. While the ground remained bare, 
we had agreed to devote our time to pros- 
pecting; so goat hunting was postponed, 
although we well knew the risk attending 
it when the treacherous steeps were covered 
with ice and snow. 

Having made the tent snug and tight on 
ouj arrival some weeks before, by backing 
it well with such moss as one finds only in 
Alaska, we spent a few days in laying by a 
stock of venison. At that we would prob- 
ably have been unsuccessful had it not been 
for my partner's dogs, Carlo and Bounce. 
As it was we bagged 2 deer ; Sam killing 
an old doe in front of Bounce, while I 
shot a yearling, still hunting. This sounds 
easy, but was quite the contrary. We had 
put the dogs out only as a last resort, and 
after repeated failures in still hunting. 

Before many nights passed, the reason 
for the scarcity of game became apparent. 
A band of large black timber wolves were 
on the rampage in the neighborhood, and 
many a night they would come down in the 
moonlight to the salmon stream and howl 
defiance across at our little white tent under 
the big cedars. To protect our meat against 
their ravages, it was strung up by the 
throat halyards to the mast of our little 
sloop, which lay in quiet water off the 
mouth of the stream. 

While prospecting on the morning of the 
storm, we had separated as usual, in order 
to cover more ground. A careful search 
along my side of the gulch failed to reveal 
the quartz ledge of free gold for which 
we were looking. The fast falling snow 
hastened my return to camp, and supper 
was cooking on the stove when Sam 
arrived. Over the after dinner pipes my 
companion told of finding fresh goat signs 
away back in a basin just below tree line, 
at the head of the valley visited by us that 

By November 1st, goats have selected and 
are on their winter range, which is usually 
much lower than their summer habitat, and 
as they travel but little, one is reasonably 
sure of finding them near their sign. As 
Gellet was not enthusiastic that evening 
over my proposal to go hunting, I was 
prepared on the following morning to hear 
a vigorous protest. He pointed out the un- 
settled condition of the weather; but my 
determination to go, even though alone, 
finally won his consent to accompany me, 
bringing his dogs. I had never seen dogs 
used in following goats and it was with 
some interest that I looked forward to the 
day's hunt. 

An hour's steady tramp after leaving 
camp, took us to the head of the creek. 
In a few minutes more we stood in the 
basin and the chase was on. We thought 
it better to cover thoroughly all slides ex- 
tending down into the timber. Then, by 
working gradually to the summit of the 
ridge our hunt could, if necessary, be car- 
ried on to the main range. We hoped to 
secure game without going up among those 
glaciers whose talclike greens had been 
in sight for weeks. 

The precipitous face of the mountain was 
lined with slides alternated by ridges cov- 
ered with dense thicket and with spruce 
timber. Previous to the ascent, the sur- 
faces of the open slopes were carefully 
scanned with the hope of seeing, outlined 
against the snow, that faint yellowish spot 
indicating Billy's location. 

Failing to sight game, Sam proposed a 
mode of hunting too simple and seemingly 
too sure to be interesting. It was, how- 
ever, arduous labor. He would take one 
slide and I the next, while the dogs ranged 
on the timbered hogback between. If 
they routed the quarry, one of us would 
in this way be sure of obtaining a shot as 
it crossed the opening above. The more 
elevated our . sition grew, the greater dif- 
ficulty of traveling ; and there were frequent 
briery tangles eager to tear the hands or 
catch the clothing. They are not found 
only on the mountain slopes, but through- 
out the low country as well, to the great 
discomfort of hunters and prospectors 
alike. Many an hour have I spent after 
reaching camp at night, extracting counties? 
numbers of these poisonous needles. 

These may be distressing, but that morn- 
ing I found 2 things absolutely dangerous; 
the slippery ice, invisible under the snow, 
and the liability of starting an avalanche. 
It is surprising to note the ease with which 




tons of rock and loam can be started into 
activity by the loosening of just one stone. 

One gully especially was full of loose 
granite and frozen gravel, freshly come 
down that morning, from many feet above. 
To avoid a perpendicular drop in the de- 
clivity I had been working my way 
slowly up, just in the edge of the brush. 
As the ascent looked easier on the opposite 
side, I started to cross. Suddenly, with- 
out the slightest warning, the whole mass 
of debris, 2 or 3 feet in depth, became 
freed from its temporary lodging and swept 
down toward the edge of the cliff. It was 
a moment, of course, getting under way, 
and in that interva. a few powerful leaps 
had placed within reach a projecting ledge, 
which, however, I failed to grasp in my 
hurried descent. Then I lost my balance 
completely and in a half sitting posture was 
being carried toward a large windfall, ex- 
tending over and a few feet above the slide, 
and under which I would pass. 

It seems strange that I did not at once 
think of the tree as a possible means of 
escape. At that moment, however, I was 
wholly occupied in watching the downward 
flight of an immense boulder that, ricochet- 
ing past me, bounded over the cliff, and out 
of sight. I did not feel alarmed, although 
aware of my danger, and was well under 
the tree before recognizing in it an avenue 
of safety. 

Fortunately my rifle had been tossed 
aside into the bushes, near the ledge above. 
Straightening myself as I approached the 
limb, I wade a lunge, throwing both arms 
about it and swung the lower portion of 
my body clear of the swiftly moving earth 
beneath. In a few minutes everything was 
quiet again; but it was some time before I 
dared set foot on that treacherous dirt. 
Then, gingerly enough, I picked my way 
to where the Winchester was lying, and 
hastened on to make up the time already 
lost. Wondering how far ahead my partner 
and the dogs were, I heard the latter giv- 
ing tongue among the rocks, some distance 
above tree line and almost out of hearing. 
Afraid of not being in at the death, I 
pressed forward, gradually leaving the 
scrubby firs below me. 

Old Sam was overtaken while stopping 
to regain his breath. As I drew near he 
excused himself by saying, "Wind ain't as 
good as 'twas 20 year ago." Up to this 
time, we had seen no tiaces of the animals; 
but from the sound which now could be 
plainly heard, concluded the goat or goats 
were at bay. The excited yelping of our 
canine friends acted as an incentive, and 
the climb was quickly resumed, Sam fol- 

We arrived on the scene of the conflict, 
greatly fatigued, and covered with perspi- 
ration, just in time to see Bounce close in 

on a large male goat, and receive a vicious 
stab in the breast from the old fellow's 
sharp, jet black horns. Although Carlo was 
vigorously occupied in the rear, Billy 
seemed to pay little attention to him and 
was about to charge poor Bounce, who had 
backed off and was coughing blood, when I 
fired, breaking the goat's back with a 45 
from my repeater. 

It was plain the horn had entered the 
dog's lung ; and as we examined the wound, 
it was pitiful to see Sam's streaming eyes 
and hear his homely expressions of endear- 
ment. He had lost that dog's sire in the 
same way, up on the Chickerman river, only 
in that case dog and goat went over a preci- 
pice together. Even little Carlo looked 
on in sympathetic silence as I bound up 
his wounded partner. 

As Bounce refused or was unable to 
walk, and as Sam would not hear of his 
being shot, I turned my attention to the 
goat ; the second it had been my good for- 
tune to kill. Wishing to save this splendid 
specimen for mounting, I at once began 
taking off the head. During the process 
Sam conceived the idea of making a 
stretcher of the hide as a means of getting 
the dog to camp, and he immediately de- 
scended to timber, in search of 2 suitable 

Work had proceeded on the carcass 20 
minutes or more, when I heard Sam shout 
from below, "Another goat, Teddy; shoot! 
shoot !" Grabbing the rifle, my attention 
was attracted by a stone rattling down from 
higher up on the ridge, and I was just in 
time to get in a shot as a second goat 
clambered over the loose rock above. Ap- 
parently unharmed by the hastily aimed 
ball, the animal vanished in a flurry of 
snow. Of course I was soon on his track, 
and was not surprised, though keenly dis- 
appointed, at finding neither blood nor hair. 

I decided to undertake the almost hope- 
less task of following what I thought an 
uninjured, and already much frightened 
mountain goat. My lucky star must have 
been in the ascendent that day, for hardly 
100 yards were covered when I nearly 
stumbled over the body of the goat, pitched 
head downward, in a snow-filled gully. The 
shot had ranged forward, breaking a num- 
ber of ribs in its flight. 

When I appeared before Sam later 
with the head and hide, he "allowed" he 
had known of my success by the "crazy 
yelling." It was some time before he could 
understand why I cut the hides up the 
back of the neck instead of the front, or. 
in fact, why I cared to save them at all. 

He had meanwhile completed my inter 
rupted work; the litter being constructed 
by running 2 cedar poles through slits cut 
lengthwise of the skin. 

On the long woolly hair we carefully 



placed the dog, laying our rifles beside him ; 
and, each of us strapping a goat head to our 
backs, were ready for the descent, the ac- 
complishment of which I now recall as the 
most exasperatingly hard bit of labor ever 
undertaken by me. This may have been 
Sam's opinion also, though in his case it 
was a labor of love. He repeatedly refused 
my request that the suffering of the poor 
brute be ended with a bullet, insisting that 
the dog would recover and, in fact, he did. 
Though camp was reached without acci- 
dent, the discomforts of the latter part of 
the day's hunt were increased to a large 

degree by the rapidly rising wind, and the 
simultaneous dropping of the mercury. 
During the trip down, which consumed the 
greater part of 2 hours, our enforced ac- 
tivity prevented us from feeling the cold; 
and, it seamed to both, on finally reaching 
the tent that we had well earned a long 
night's rest. 

A few days later we started on our re- 
turn to Ketchikan, and for nearly a mile, 
were obliged to chop a passage in the ice, 
for our boat. The town was reached just 
in time to dine with my brother and friends, 
aboard his yacht, on Thanksgiving Day,. 



In almost every flock of sheep on the 
Inter-Andean plains of Ecuador may be 
found rams having more than the usual 
pair of horns. Rams with 3 or 4 horns 
are common. I have been told of some 
having 5 or 6, but have never seen them. 
The arrangement of these horns is varied. 
The upper pair, when there are 2, occupy 
the usual position on the skull ; the lower 
pair are placed close below and slightly be- 
hind the bases of the first. The upper pair 
lack usually the twist of normal horns ; 
curving upward and outward, or arching 
downward. The lower pair usually take a 
downward curve to form almost half-cir- 
cles. Where there are 3 horns, a vertical, 
spikelike horn rises centrally between the 
downward curving lower pair. I have, 
again, seen all 3 horns curving forward, 
so that, if the growth continued, the points 
would terminate, the one above somewhere 
back of the nostrils, and those laterally 
placed, near the angles of the mouth. The 
local name is ingo ; plural ingos. 

Through the courtesy of Mr. A. McL. 
Miller, one of the civil engineers of the 
Guayaquil and Orento railway company, I 
am enabled to send you a photograph of a 
4-horned domestic ram of Ecuador. The 
head having been cleaned of all soft parts 
and otherwise prepared for mounting, it 
lacks natural proportions, as well as that 
preoccupied expression assumed just be- 
fore launching himself at some unsuspect- 
ing person's unguarded rear. However, as 
the purpose is only to show the 4 horns, 
the absence of other features needs no 
criticism. Rams are found here having 5 
and even 6 horns, but such horns are 
usually dwarfish, abortive and asymmetri- 
cal, as if Nature had planned a piece of 
work which she could not afterward well 
perform. The cropping of one ear is the 
owner's mark. The removal of the taps 

from the upper pair of horns shows the 
ram to have been brave or gifted with more 
push than was considered desirable. 



Larvae, called the dobson, or alligator, are 
common in the cooler streams of Ecuador, 
and the mature insects are well known. 
What seems to me an anomaly is the pupa- 
tion and emergence of the imago from the 
earth, as I had always been led to believe 
that this part of its life history took place, 
if not in the water, at least in close prox- 
imity. I saw lately an imago of this in- 
sect, just emerged from the pupa case, 
which I pulled from its hole in the ground, 
at the foot of a ledge of rocks. If the 
larva had crawled there to undergo pupa- 
tion, it must have crawled up the steep side 
of a railway embankment, across the grade 
to where the ledge stopped its progress, 
and buried itself in the little dirt it found, 
a distance from the stream of about 50 feet. 



Of course you know all the ordinary 
signs of an approaching cold winter; thick 
corn shucks, big musLrat houses, and all 
that ; but I saw a sign that eclipses them all. 

A few years ago I was deer hunting in 
the Adirondacks in October. While re- 
turning to camp from watching a runway, 
I turned aside from the trail to examine a 
bear's den I had noticed when passing in 
the morning. The sun was just setting 
and as 4 miles of wilderness lay between 
me and camp, I realized I had little time to 
spare, but I was anxious to know whether 
Bruin was at home or not. 

I had been prospecting about the mouth 
of the den possibly 10 minutes when a 
sudden gust of wind caused me to look up. 
In the West I saw a huge black cloud roll- 
ing up and obscuring the horizon. 

I don't say I was frightened, for I would 
not acknowledge it if I was, but I struck 
into that trail as quickly as possible. I 
had covered about a mile of the distance to 
camp when the storm broke in a fierce gale 
and darkness closed about me. As I had 
gone up the trail that morning I had seen 
an old log shanty, and I thought I must be 
nearing the spot ; but the trouble was to 
locate it in the darkness, as it stood back 
from the trail. I remembered there was a 
notch in the range of mountains at that 
point which might help me to discover the 
location of the hut. Straining my eyes 
hard at the blackened West I could make 
out a faint outline of the unbroken crest, 
but no notch. I stumbled along as rapidly 
as wind and rain would permit. Presently 
a dark spot in the West gave me the clue. 
I turned to the right and leaving the trail, 
entered the notch. The notch cut the 
mountain range from East to West and the 
storm swept through with tremendous force 
directly in my face. 

I could scarcely see anything, yet I push- 
ed forward, knowing that shelter was 
near. Presently I ran plump against the 
corner of the old shanty. When I passed 
in the morning I noticed that the oreater 
part of the roof had tumbled in, but that 
a small portion at one end was intact, and 
the door was on the South side near the 

center. I felt my way along until I came 
to the door. It was about 2 inches ajar, 
but when I attempted to ooen it, it re- 
fused to move,. The old building had set- 
tled ana securely fastened the door. I had 
no time to investigate, for the rain was 
coming down in sheets. I knew there was 
an opening at the top, so I climbed the 
corner where the ends of the logs projected 
and was inside in a jiffy. 

If I had dropped into a Fifth Avenue ho- 
tel in New York I couldn't have felt better. 
I wiped the water from my face and began 
to feel about the place with my feet. I 
had on a long ulster overcoat. This I 
decided would make a good bed quilt. No 
pillow being at hand, I placed the stock of 
my rifle under my head and prepared to 
sleep; but no sleep came to my eyes. 

It must have been past midnight, the 
storm had cleared away, the stars shone 
like incandescei-t lights, when suddenly I 
heard a scratching and the next instant a 
large animal crouched on the top of the 
wall. In the dim light I could just discern 
the outline of the beast. Without cere- 
mony he leaped inside, his long, catlike 
tail following. I knew that instant it was a 
panther. I wished I was not at home to 
callers. No ; I wished I was at home. I 
was not frightened, I never am frightened ; 
I just lay still and waited. Presently I 
felt a loose board move near my feet. The 
next instant the long ulster was jerked 
from over me and with a bound the ani- 
mal was over the wall with the coat. 

I was vexed to think I had allowed the 
panther to steal my coat without the least 
opposition. What should I tell my com- 
rades when I got back to camp? Presently 
morning came and I lost no time in getting 
on the trail. I had walked a mile when 
that panther crossed the trail ahead of me. 
I knew it was the same one, for he had my 
ulster on and I could see the long skirts 
trailing on each side of his tail. When he 
looked up and saw me he went off at a 
gait that made the tails of the coat slan 
like a flying jib in a head wind. 

That winter was the coldest ever known 
in the Adirondacks. 

Lady — Did you every try to get work? 
Tramp — Yes, ma'am; I got a job for me 
brother once. — Baltimore World. 



A subscriber recently sent me a clipping 
from The Republic, of St. Louis, Mo., 
showing the photograph reproduced here- 
with and stating that the men whose por- 
traits appear are W. F. B. Smiley, of Belle- 
ville, 111., and W. A. Kinsey, of Carrollton, 
Mo., with 135 pounds of black bass caught 

bass, but caught 150 pounds of bass and 
pickerel, principally bass. 

W. A. Kinsey, Carrollton, Mo. 

Kinsey looks like an intelligent man and 
one who should have known better. No 
one who looks at Smiley's portrait could 


by them in Lake Minnetonka, Minn. I 
wrote these men, asking for confirm- 
ation of the report, and received this 
reply : 

We did not catch 135 pounds of black 


reasonably hope that he would ever be any- 
thing else than a fish hog or a game hog, 
but they are both in the same pen.. It is to 
be hoped they may some time repent of 
their sins and that even Smiley may yet 
feel ashamed of himself. — Editor. 

I send you a photograph of Master Hugh 
Rogers and the pointer, Lady. Hugh is the 
son of Mr, Hugh M. Rogers, of Spokane, 
and Lady is the property of W. W. Caser- 
lio, of the same town. The first time Hugh 
ever saw a cow milked he was much inter- 
ested and wished to help. Not being per- 
mitted to do so, he skirmished around, 
found a small tin pail, chained Lady to a 
tree, anticipating her possible intention to 
rebel, and industriously stripped her, to the 
tune of "So Lady." I had my camera close 
and took a snap of him at his "milking." 
Hugh is 4 years old. 

Dr. A. U. Viney, Garfield, Wash. 




The man who quits when he gets enough, with 


The November number of Recreation 
contains a bitter protest from the. able pen 
of James M. Graves, against cutting Aug- 
ust out of the open deer season in the 
State of New York. 

While giving Mr. Graves credit for good 
faith, it is hard for one who knows the 
situation, and is solicitous for the preserva- 
tion of deer in the Adirondack forests, to 
allow his letter to go to the readers of 
Recreation without protest. I take issue 
with Mr. Graves when he says it would 
have been tenfold better to have cut off 
the 15 days of November shooting than to 
have cut off the August shooting. There 
is no time in the year when deer are so 
easily approached and killed as during the 
warm weather, excepting, perhaps, when 
they are yarded in winter. This never oc- 
curs before December. I have seen no less 
than 12 deer at one time in Potter pond in 
August, and that without taking pains to 
approach the pond quietly. The farthest 
one of the 12 was within easy rifle range, 
and a person who could not have killed his 
2 deer in one day would be no menace to 
the preservation of game if the whole year 
was an open season. 

Those who wish to kill deer in hot 
weather are no better respecters of the 
game law than those" who prefer waiting 
till the deer are fat and wary; and any 
deer hunter knows that during hot weather 
deer frequent salt licks and water, and 
may easily be killed at either. While they 
are in the water at night they become an 
easy prey to the jack hunter. I have never 
been guilty of jacking, but I know too well 
that it is indulged in and is difficult to 
prevent during the open season. The 
same argument holds true regarding salt 

With the advent of cool weather, deer 
stop frequenting either water or licks. Our 
lawmakers wisely lopped off that part of 
the season that furnished the greatest 
temptation to illegal killing of deer, as 
well as the time when it requires little skill 
to get a reputation as a deer slayer. 

Mr. Graves says, "Any 10-year-old boy 
can sharpen a stick and go out and kill a 
deer on soft snow." This is ludicrous. 
When Mr. Graves gets out on snow in the 
morning as soon as he can see a track, 
takes his grub in his pocket and trails a 
deer till he can get the drop on it, he will 
have more respect for the courage and skill 
that kind of hunting requires than he ap- 
pears to have at present. To my mind, 
there is no more sportsmanlike way of 

plenty of game still in sight, is a real sportsman. 

hunting deer than still hunting, snow or no 
snow. The deer has an even chance, and 
it is a great game between the skill and 
pluck of the hunter and the acuteness and 
vigilance of the deer. As Mr. Graves truly 
says, "There is no sitting with back against 
•a tree for a snooze" in that kind of busi- 
ness, unless your game is cunning enough, 
which is not unusual, to lead you astray and 
your "snooze" is an all night one, waiting for 
daylight to help you find camp again. The 
"snoozy" kind of hunting comes when you 
sit waiting in ambush for some doe to 
wade out into a pond to feed on the tender 
water-lily pads or get away from the flies. 
When her splash wakens you, take your 
rifle, or shot gun if you can't hit anything 
with a rifle, and murder her. During warm 
weather nearly every deer killed is a doe, 
and on snow the reverse is true. 

Again, it seems Mr. Graves must be mis- 
informed as to the number of deer the 
Granshue and Inlet clubs killed on snow 
last year, as there were only 2 days of 
snow before the season closed, and the fall 
was so deep that hunting was out of the 
question the second day. I am personally- 
acquainted with a popular member of 
one of those clubs, and well remember 
how he tried still hunting the last day of 
the open season last year. As the old guide 
said, "Indian not lost ; wigwam lost" ; and 
Charley partook of the hospitality of a 
woodchopper's camp that night. 

The latter part of Mr. Graves's letter 
comfortingly reveals the fact that he 
writes from information obtained from 
men in his section, who, he says, agree that 
November shooting should be abolished. 
That is just what Charley said the next 
morning after the wily old buck led him a 
wild goose chase for 8 straight hours and 
left him, luckily, where the choppers heard 
his alarm shots after dark, 6 miles from 
camp, in 2 feet of snow. 

When the open deer season needs fur- 
ther pruning, by all means lop off 2 more 
weeks of warm weather and do not open 
it till the middle of September. The fel- 
lows who want the season open in August 
instead of November are the ones who 
would like to kill a deer or 2 every season, 
but do not value the sport highly enough 
to undergo any great fatigue or hardship, 
2 things a true sportsman really enjoys 
when on a hunting trip. 

A case in point : A party of 10 of my 
acquaintances, at the opening of the pres- 
ent season, killed 12 deer, and every one 
was shot from a boat in daylight, the hunt 
lasting 6 days. A party of 7 of us, with 
2 guides, have just returned from a 5 days' 



trip. Only 2 deer were killed, and what 
we went through will live in all our memo- 
ries as proof of our powers of endurance. 
We shall not forget the day we got up at 
3 o'clock in the morning, got our breakfast 
out of the way and had camp cleaned up 
by the first flush of dawn ; then shouldered 
our rifles, took a day's ration each, and 
tramped over -mountains and through 
swamps and marshes till dark, with not a 
drop of blood drawn by any of us that 
whole day. The next morning we were up 
and off again as soon as we could see to 
travel. By consummate skill and the pa- 
tience of a Piute Indian, Lute snaked him- 
self over the top of a hill to get a view 
over an open, beyond, when a lusty old 
buck mistook his cunning and, with all his 
tacking and maneuvering, got a 38 in the 
short ribs. This is the kind of hunting 
that makes picnic hunters want November 
shooting abolished, to be replaced with 
warm weather shooting, when they can 
step down into a boat 10 rods from camp, 
have a guide paddle them downstream 
till they can shoot some unsuspecting doe 
with an unweaned fawn, and get her into 
camp without even the trouble of toting 


I wish to address particularly, through 
Recreation, those gentlemen sportsmen of 
Arkansas who are really interested in the 
protection of game. The game laws of 
that State are so arranged as to license the 
professional market hunter and trapper, but 
they do not protect nor preserve game; nor 
do they allow the true sportsman the liberty 
to which he is entitled. For instance, if a 
man goes there for a day's recreation and 
sport, even if he lives only a few miles 
away in an adjoining State, he is subject 
to arrest and a heavy fine. That type of 
man is probably one who would wish to 
see game protected, and who would not 
under any consideration molest game out 
of season, or perpetrate any wanton slaugh- 
ter; while the professional market hunter 
can move to the State during the hunting 
season only, if he so choose, and of course 
the more he hunts and the more he kills, 
the greater is his profit.. The law which 
prohibits non-residents of Arkansas from 
going there to hunt and recreate, does not 
catch the class of people against whom it 
was aimed. It simply gives the cheap 
and unprincipled deputy sheriff a chance 
for graft on a class of men who are able 
to pay a fine and who, when caught, have 
to pay, in order to get back to their busi- 
ness and because they have not the time 
to spare to fight the case. Such a sports- 
man could, in nearly all cases, defeat the 
snap judgment passed on him by the mag- 
istrate, who probably is in league with the 

deputy, but his business demands that he 
pay the fine and return at once; while the 
professional who lives there all the time 
and the professional who has only moved 
there for the hunting season and claims 
to be a full fledged citizen of the State, and 
who destroys more game in one season 
than the gentleman sportsman would in 
many, is allowed to go on slaughtering for 
money, unmolested. I do not say what the 
remedy is, but I should like to see the 
following suggestion and figures put to the 
Legislature by the good people of Arkansas 
who are interested in protecting their 
bountiful game supply, before it is too late. 

Make it a misdemeanor for anyone to 
sell game at all, and limit the catch and 
kill. It is with the sportsmen and sports- 
men's journals to protect game. The pro- 
fessional hunter or trapper will never do it 
until the last turkey, prairie chicken, duck, 
deer, squirrel, rabbit, fish and furred animal 
is gone. I submit the following figures as 
a limit for one man, and if they were a law 
no one but a game hog would violate them : 
3 deer in one season ; 5 turkeys in one 
season; 15 ducks in one day; 25 squirrels 
in one day; 15 prairie chickens in one day; 
25 fish in one day; 10 rabbits in one day. 

These are ample, though they are often 
doubled by people who call themselves 
gentlemen sportsmen. There are plenty of 
real sportsmen in Arkansas and I should 
like to hear from some of them in regard 
to this, for this is a true outline of the 
conditions in that State. 

Pax, Memphis, Tenn. 


Editor Recreation : 

We have noticed the item published on 
pages 282-3 of the October, 1902, number of 
Recreation, entitled "Killed too Many 
Sheep," in which appears a letter from R. 
J. Boyd and j*o.ur answer thereto. We take 
exception to your criticism of Mr. Boyd's 
action while in our employ on the trip when 
we secured 8 sheep in February last. Those 
sheep were specially secured to fill orders 
from the leading museums. Six of those 
same sheep are now in the American 
Museum of Natural History, in New York, 
and one of the others, with further speci- 
mens, is in another Eastern museum. 

The Mexican mountain sheep belongs to 
the species recently described by Dr. C. H. 
Merriam, of Washington, as Ovis 
canus. Until last winter the only specimens 
of this species in museums were the 
type specimens from which the species 
was described, in Washington. It was 
therefore desirable, not only from the 
standpoint of the naturalists and museums 
concerned, but from the standpoint of the 
general public for whose education these 
museums exist, that specimens should be 



secured to be placed on permanent exhibi- 
tion where they will form a lasting monu- 
ment to the species. To what better use 
can an animal be put? We answer, "None." 
Fifty specimens of Ovis mexicanus placed 
in the leading museums of the world, where 
they will be looked after carefully, will do 
more good for mankind in general than if 
the sheep are left to live on their native 
hills in Mexico. That is the only point we 
wish to make. We are heartily in accord 
with intelligent legislation for the protec- 
tion of game, in whatever country, and we 
would under no circumstances be guilty of 
transgressing any existing game laws. We 
agree with you that one, or at most 2, sheep 
a year are all that the ordinary hunter, who 
is simply after sport or a head, should kill ; 
but we claim that the leading public 
museums of the world have always the first 
and best claim on any living animal. They 
should be supplied with specimens of that 
animal at the earliest opportunity, before it 
is in danger of becoming extinct. What- 
ever happens in the future to any species 
of animal, scientific specimens of that ani- 
mal should be preserved to show future 
generations what it was like. The South- 
western elk, Cervus merriami, of Nelson, 
is a case in point of a most interesting 
species of large mammal that is now prac- 
tically extinct, and of which not a perfect 
specimen is in existence in any museum. 
You can readily understand how this fact is 
deplored by anyone interested in large game 
animals. There are enough extinct animals 
that lived on this earth in bygone ages of 
which we have no reliable data, except such 
as may be derived from their skeletons, and 
it behooves us to see that existing species 
are properly represented in museums before 
it is too late. 

Townsend-Barber Taxidermy and Zoolo- 
gical Co. 

I recently saw a grey wolf chained in a 
shady and grassy front vard of a farm- 
house, 10 miles West of Dubuque, Iowa. I 
took a long look at him, admired his shape 
and size, then went in and inquired. The 
wolf, 6^2 months old, male, was given to a 
15 year old girl when he was 10 days old. 
She raised him on a bottle and he is now 
large and fat, with splendid coat of hair, 
and seems to be fully developed. He is 
playful and obedient to those he knows, 
but with strangers he is shy and afraid. 
He accompanies his mistress, loose, all over 
the farm, when she goes to the pasture af- 
ter the cows, etc. He will throw himself 
down at her feet, roll over and catch her 
wrists with his teeth, all playfully; but he 
can not be trusted a moment alone with 
chickens or turkeys. He is as clean look- 

ing a pet as one could wish. The girl is 
fond of him, but would like to sell him. 
She is bright, intelligent and ambitious, 
but not rich, and one of her hands is crip- 
pled, forever probably. She lives with her 
parents on a small rented farm and tries 
hard to make a teacher of herself. She 
would apply the money to that end. Her 
parents are not able to help her to the full 
extent of her ambition, and her career up- 
ward is necessarily slow, as considerable 
of her means have been, and still are, ex- 
pended for medical treatment. Who will 
help her by highest offer for her pet 
wolf? Her address is Irene Murray, 
Peosta, Dubuque county, Iowa. Applica- 
tion to her should contain a 2-cent stamp, 
or write me. 

A. Lindemann, Cascade, Iowa. 

Let us chip in 50 cents each, buy the 
wolf, give it to some zoological park, and 
thus help the poor girl through school. Con- 
tributions sent to this office will be prompt- 
ly acknowledged and forwarded to Miss 
Murray. No one need send more than 50 
cents. Remit in stamps. I already have $5 
subscribed. Let us act promptly. — Editor. 

I wish some reader would give me in- 
formation about the game and the climate 
of Labrador in November. 

H. W. Smith, Dorchester, Mass. 

I referred the above to Dr. Morris, of 
this city, who is familiar with the country 
mentioned. His reply follows : 

I have not been in Labrador in Novem- 
ber, but the residents along the coast tell 
me that while winter really begins about 
the last of September, it is not very cold 
or stormy until well toward Thanksgiving 
time. I should expect the bears would all 
be in their dens by early November. There 
are any number of caribou in Labrador. 
but in November they are in great droves, 
and one either finds a million or none at 
all. Before the migration begins in Sep- 
tember they may be found almost any- 
where in smaller numbers. The barren 
ground caribou have their range down to 
the Hamilton river, and the woodland cari- 
bou range North to about that point, so 
both forms intermingle more or less along 
the Hamilton. The barren ground grizzly 
bear is said to range as far South as the 
upper waters of the Hamilton. Some of 
the natives told me they could take me into 
the grizzly country, but I doubt it, as the 
people along the coast only go "3 days 
inland." I think it would be necessary- to 
get Naskopie Indians for guides for the 
upper Hamilton waters, and they do not 
speak English or French, and are inde- 
pendent, caring little for coming to trad- 



ing stations. There would be danger 
in getting caught in the Naskopie country 
in winter, for a traveler would have to di- 
vide his provisions with any Indians met 
en route who were short of supplies. If he 
tried to keep his own provisions he prob- 
ably would not need any the next day. The 
Nascopies are good enough excepting when 
they are tempted, and they are easily 

Robert T. Morris, New York City. 

To J. H. Osgood, Fergus Falls, Minn. 

You sent me a clipping stating that 6 
men had killed 75 prairie chickens. Let us 
see how much of a crime they committed. 
That is an average of i2]/ 2 birds to each 
man, and it is likely that as those men 
went from Chicago and St. Paul to the 
shooting grounds, they stayed more than 
one day. But suppose they had stayed only 
one day. What then? A man may reason- 
ably kill 12 or even 15 prairie chickens in a 
day, though personally, I believe no man 
should be allowed to kill more than 10 in 
a day. Until we have laws limiting the 
bag to some such figure, there is no ob- 
jection to killing 12 birds a day, or to aver- 
aging that number. 

I did not go into the matter at such 
length in reply to your first letter, but when 
under date of September 23. you state a 
string of falsehoods, it becomes my duty to 
show you how far you miss the truth. I 
therefore enclose herewith a few clippings 
from past issues of Recreation in order to 
show you whether or not I confine my 
roasts to poor men. 

One man condemned in one of these arti- 
cles is General N. A. Miles, Commander in 
Chief of the United States Army; another 
is S. E. White, a prominent business man 
of Grand Rapids, Mich. ; another is Pro- 
fessor O. C. Hagermann, President Lex- 
ington University, Morgantown, W.. Va. ; 
another Senator J. H. Smith, of your State ; 
another an ex-Justice of the Peace and 
ex-game warden S. P. Monroe, of Lyme, 
Mass. ; another W. F. Burrell, a wealthy 
business man of Portland, Oregon ; and still 
another J. A. Cooper, Commissioner of the 
Supreme Court of the State of California. 
And I could name 100 others if necessary. — 


I send you an account from the Wisner 
Chronicle, of a great rally of shoats in 
this vicinity. It was not the first of the 
kind here. This time they killed 150 
quails, 225 rabbits, and more than 200 ducks 
and prairie chickens. The high man, T. 
Thompson, admits that he potted 14 quails 

in a bunch on the snow. Is there no way 
to stop such work? J. C, Wisner, Neb.. 

The clipping reads as follows : 

The local Nimrods went forth last Thursday to 
slaughter game for points. It was not a favorable 
day for hunting and less game was secured than 
in former contests of this kind. The victory wai 
won by A. Lednicky's . side, the following being 
the score: 

beemer's side. 

0. D. Beemer, Capt. 200 S. Lant ii2 l / 2 

A. R. Oleson 112J/2T. Thompson .... 470 

F. J. Buck ii2^Wm. Murphy .... 160 

G. Wessel 140 B. Emley 190 

R. Schwarz 100 H. Johnson 165 

M. Hoff 40 Wm. McKenzie . . 65 

Geo. Labohm .... 65 

Total 2,097^ 

lednicky's side. 
A. Lednicky, Capt. 90 M. Thompson ... 170 

E. C. Kinzel .... 90 VV. McKown 280 

E. Herrmann .... 170 C. Behlers 200 

H. Kinzel 1 i2*^C. Schneider .... 260 

O. R. Thompson . 60 H. Cornaman .... 165 

S. J. Merriam . . . 405 F. Balster 60 

L. Thiemke 260 

Total 2,487/2 

Unfortunately there is at present no 
law against holding side hunts except that 
of sportsmanship. In a few years more, 
participation in a side hunt will be a pun- 
ishable offense. Meantime the white people 
of Wisner might tar and feather these 
butchers. If the tar was of the proper 
temperature it would perhaps impress on 
them the fact that wholesale slaughter is 
becoming unpopular. I fear, however, that 
gentle measures would have little effect on 
these men. — Editor. 


I note your call on the people of Texas 
to stop the slaughter of their ducks by 
Eastern hogs. The inference from your 
article would be that it should be an easy 
thing to do. It is not. 

Five years ago last spring I came up 
from New Orleans and on the train met a 
sportsman who told me that 6 men' were 
then in Texas killing mallards for New 
York. They had refrigerator cars side- 
tracked and killed day and night. Not 
only this, but they hired as many natives 
as possible and paid them 7 cents each for 
mallards. For smaller ducks they paid in 
proportion. They did not, however, want 
the other species, but instructed their hire- 
lings to bring only mallards. They had an 
open offer that held good for a certain 
time, for every duck brought in. The 
ducks were so thick and so hungry that 
those hogs could murder them wholesale. 

I wondered then what was the matter 
with the sportsmen of Texas. There are 
some good ones in that State and just why 
they should allow butchers to rob 
them, was a mystery to me, I trust 
you have a good circulation in Texas and 



that the loyal sportsmen of that great State 
will wake up before it is too late. 

F. M. Gilbert, Evansville, 111. 


Yes, I know such butchery has been go- 
ing on in Texas for years, to feed the 
Eastern epicures. The same as to the 
coast of North Carolina. The only new 
feature of the matter is that the North 
Carolina men themselves have wiped out 
the great flights of water fowl that for- 
merly wintered in Carrituck sound and 
have now gone to Texas to clean up that 
coast also. — Editor. 

The markets here are still full of wild 
ducks, and the ducks are full of wild rice 
and wapatos, but we can not buy mu~kox 
for 4 bits a pound. There has not 
been enough big game killed here in a 
month to lunch a bachelor's family; but 
I know where there is a bunch of elk and 
deer ranging in the 26th ward. Am now 
getting up a party to move on them a? soon 
as the moon gets in the dark. Eastern 
hunters who want to join should renp f at 
once before it is everlastingly too late. No 
reasonable fees refused. It will be an iasy 
hunt, no tiresome tramps. Locality is also 
known as City park, and fresh bear tracks 
have recently been seen there. Street cars 
to within 2 blocks. As to my guiding ac- 
complishments, I refer, without permission, 
to those I have guided. The biggest bags 
recently made here were out on Pudding 
river, away up the North fork. A party of 
4, guided bv Swinomish Sam, of Snohom- 
ish, using rifles whose spud gear never got 
clogged, shot a total of 827 codlin moths 
in one day ; a short winter day, too. As 
soon as the days lengthen out to 24 hours 
again the same party expect to take a 2- 
day whirl among the hoplice and bag at 
least 6,000. Fear of your giving the bacon 
brand to these hunters causes the with- 
holding of their names, but everyone will 
acknowledge the corn when you write and 
ask. A Legislature is the next thing to be 
elected here, and into it we propose to 
introduce a bill inviting all the wild game 
of the State to come in and board at the 
best hotel in town. It is claimed that 
such a system would be easier on the tax- 
payers than present protective methods. 
John Watermelon, Portland, Ore. 

The Clearfield Game Protection Associa- 
tion was organized here February 9, 1899. 
Its object is to assist in restocking our 
streams and woods with 'fish and game; to 
enforce the game and fish laws, and to 
prosecute all offenders in our county. Since 
its organization the following cases have 

been disposed of: G. M. Baney, 2 squirrels, 
shot before season, $20 and costs; he went 
to jail. James Condon, killing one deer in 
August, $100 and costs; paid. Andy Reese 
and John Cams, dynamiting trout, $50 and 
costs; paid. John Lynch, killing one 
grouse and 2 squirrels, $50 and costs ; paid. 
Christian Weber and another, killing one 
deer in July, $100 and costs; paid. Alex. 
Wallace, killing one deer in July, $100 and 
costs; paid. Victor Baker, killing one rab- 
bit with ferret, $50 and costs ; application 
for new trial pending. 

The Philadelphia Inquirer is urging defeat 
of a bill introduced by Hon. F. G. Harris, 
Representative to the General Assembly 
from this county. Most of the opposition 
to the bill is being offered by the game 
dealers of Easton, Pa. We have good 
grouse shooting here, and last fall over 
1,000 birds were shipped from Clearfield 
by non-resident hunters. I presume that 
in all cases, when possible, the daily limit 
of 10 birds was taken.. Most of our sports- 
men favor the passage of the bill. Still we 
have some hunters who are never satisfied 
until they have taken the daily limit of 
birds. If all sportsmen would stop to con- 
sider the growing scarcity of game, there 
would be little opposition to the passage of 
our bill. License the gun by all means. 
H. W., Clearfield, Pa. 


August 10th I arrested Geo. A. Cun- 
ningham, ex-city attorney, for shooting 
doves before the open season. He ad- 
mitted killing 14 doves, and I secured 
them. He returned to the city with me, 
and I filed an affidavit before Justice 
Poole. Mr. Cunningham claimed there 
was an error in the affidavit and appealed 
to the circuit court. State Warden Sweeny 
has instructed me to see the case through 
to a finish. 

This matter was thoroughly ventilated 
in the daily papers, but on the 13th of 
August, while after some other law break- 
ers, I found Ed. T. McNeely shooting 
doves. He was accompanied by Mayor 
Covert. I did not see the latter shoot, nor 
have any game in his possession, but I saw 
McNeely throwing doves out of his pocket 
as he, ran. I made him go back with me 
and we picked up 5 doves. I filed com- 
plaint against him before the same justice 
and the matter has dragged along until 
to-day when McNeely paid $52.75 fi" e an(1 
costs, for shooting one dove. 

I found it imoossible to get legal help 
till Mr. A. J. Clark was employed by the 
State. I do not hesitate to say that if 
these men had not been leading politicians 
the cases would have been settled long 



ago. Much praise is due Mr. Clark for 
his fearless prosecution. 

E. F. Manntel, 
Dep. Fish and Game Warden, 
Evansville, Ind. 

A doctor here, by the name of Chidester, 
had 3 deer on his farm, said to have been 
raised by him. They became troublesome, 
by wandering away and getting on neigh- 
bors' property. Dr. Chidester sold the deer 
to a butcher and slaughter house owner, 
one of the firm of Schaffner Bros., who 
butchered them for the market ! Our game 
warden here is one Rogers, and it would be 
useless to go to him for information or 
help. I have brought the case to the notice 
of Arthur Dunn, constable, who was for 
merly game warden, and a good one, but 
had to resign because the State would not 
back him up in a lawsuit with a dealer, 
and he paid good money out of his own 
pocket. He has promised to look up the 
law on the question, and I think will act 
if he can. Will you kindly advise me what 
could be done in this case? If the L. A. S. 
can possibly do something I wish it 
would, for this was certainly a brutal and 
inhumane act. If you can do nothing else 
roast them and ask Erie daily papers to 
copy. C. W., Erie, Pa. 

Unpleasant though it be, it is a fact that 
those deer were not game, and were not 
subject to the game laws of Pennsylvania. 
Having been domesticated, they were 
simply live stock, just as so many cows, 
or sheep, or hogs would be ; and the owner 
had the same right to dispose of them to 
the butcher that he would have had to 
dispose of any 3 of his other domestic 
animals. — Editor. 


I have just come in from Mantua, a 
small town about 10 miles West, where I 
enjoyed a little shooting. The morning I 
arrived 600 rabbits were being shipped to 
Pittsburgh, all having been caught within 
a radius of 4 or 5 miles. Two boys were 
out 2 days and came in with 285 rabbits. 
The town is full of ferrets. 

One man sold, last year, $110 worth of 
pelts, including everything from fox down. 
Portage county seems to have an abun- 
dance of quails, rabbits and squirrels of all 
kinds, with a heavy sprinkling of pheasants 
not difficult to bag. 

A. A. Browne, Windham, Ohio. 

The above was referred to Mr. Reutin- 
ger, then Chief L. A. S. Warden of Ohio. 
His reply follows : 

During the last General Assembly the 

law protecting rabbits was repealed. This 
was brought about largely by the farmer 
members of the Legislature, who claimed 
rabbits were becoming so numerous that 
they were destructive to crops, trees, etc. 
Therefore, it would be impossible for me 
at this time to stop the destruction of these 
animals. The Sute is swarming with them 
and I know that in many peach orchards 
trees suffer considerably from being girdled 
by rabbits. We endeavored to head off the 
movement to repeal this law, knowing 
quails and other game would suffer, as 
hunters would kill all kinds of game under 
the pretense of hunting rabbits. 

L. H. Reutinger. 


Here is a copy of a letter writen by a 
prominent business man of Burlington, 
Iowa, to Congressman Hedge of that 
State, which shows how the majority of 
reading and thinking sportsmen of this 
country view the important question of 
game protection : 

Burlington, Iowa. 
Hon. T. Hedge, M.C., Washington, D. C. 

Dear Sir — I enclose herewith a circular 
issued from the New York office of the 
League of American Sportsmen. I have 
been much interested in the work of this 
Association for some years. It has done 
much good in the line of protection for 
our fast vanishing game against the aver- 
age game destroyer, whose idea of the 
value of game is regulated by its market 
price. From your long acquaintance with 
me you know I formerly killed a great deal 
of game, but my sons and I have in the 
last few years realized much more than 
formerly that game is worth a great deal 
more alive than dead, and should be de- 
stroyed sparingly to obtain the greatest 
value for the human family. There are 
many others in Iowa who will voice my 
sentiments in this matter, and you will 
do the cause of game protection great 
good if you will insist on the passage of 
the Lacey Bill H. R. No. 10.306. If you 
will take time to read this bill I think 
you will agree with me as to its value 
toward the protection of game. 

Yours truly, Carl Leopold. 

I note that you are roasting people for 
killing too many rabbits. Please tell me 
what is your object in protecting rabbits? 
If every one, cottontail or Jack, were dead, 
this country would be better off. They are 
the worst of pests. There is more damage 
done to orchards by rabbits than by any- 
thing else. One farmer had a large orchard 
and rabbits killed two-thirds of his trees. 
I am a reader of Recreation and enjoy it. 



I believe in protecting all game except rab- 
bits. G. B. Kemp, Odessa, Wash. 


It is easy to protect fruit trees from 
rabbits by wrapping the trees with cloth or 
by placing wire netting around them, or 
even pasteboard cones. Nearly all careful, 
thrifty farmers and fruit growers protect 
young trees in this way in countries where 
rabbits are at all numerous. The rabbit 
should be protected in most localities, be- 
cause he is good game and furnishes good 
food in winter. In the Southwest, Kansas, 
Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and Southern 
California, the jack rabbit often becomes so 
abundant as to be a serious pest, and has 
to be driven into corrals and killed by 
thousands, but in the East the little cotton- 
tail seldom becomes a pest. — Editor. 

hogs make a business of killing all they can 
find and you are fairly entitled to the name. 
— Editor. 

The following, from the Cincinnati En- 
quirer of December 24, shows the progress 
of our cases to that date : 

There was rejoicing in the Cuvier Club yester- 
day over the conviction of the dealers and cold 
storage company who were found by Game War- 
den Rayborn with quails in their possession. The 
defendants, E. J. Anderson, Louis Gloesten, F. T. 
Hier, and R. F. Ison, were arraigned before 
Squire Herrick, in Price Hill, yesterday morning. 
All but Ison entered a plea of guilty. Gloesten 
was fined $25 and costs and Anderson $50 and 
costs. Hier was fined twice, first as the agent of 
the Cincinnati Ice Manufacturing and Cold Stor- 
age Co., and as an individual. In the first case 
he paid $25 and in the second $100. Ison's case 
was held over until to-morrow at 1 p. m. The 
attorneys for the club are now looking up the 
statutes relating to the additional penalty of $25 
for each bird found in possession out of season. 
The laws are conflicting, as usual, and some 
preparation is necessary in order that no mistake 
may be made. 

You see we are doing what we can to 
preserve the game birds and fishes in this 
part of the country. 

Alex. Starbuck, Pres. Cuvier Club, Cin- 
cinnati, O. 

Chester, Pa. — Charles Longbotham, money or- 
der clerk at the Chester post office, broke all 
previous records among local erunners for bird 
shooting. He went out on the Delaware and 
returned with 210 rail birds, all of a splendid 
quality. — Philadelphia Press. 

Regarding this report Longbotham writes : 

In reply to yours will say that your in- 
formation is correct. I did shoot 210 rail 
birds on one tide, which, gives about 4 
hours' shooting. If you are a sportsman 
yourself you know that was great sport. 
Chas. Longbotham, Jr., Chester, Pa.. 

I ckim to be a sportsman, but instead of 
agreeing with you that this is great 
sport. I call it mere butchery. No decent 
sportsman would ever think of killing more 
than 25 of these birds in one day. Game 

I recently arrested Bartimeus Wingate, 
under the 12th section of our State fish and 
game laws, for allowing his dog to run at 
large. Trial was had before Justice J. W. 
Hera. Wingate pleaded guilty, and being 
unable to pay a fine was sent to the county 
jail for 24 hours. I have 2 more dog cases 
awaiting trial. 

Stults Pierce, 
Deputy State Fish and Game Warden, 

Glassboro, N. J. 

I am deeply interested in your report of 
the dog case. This is a new departure in 
the matter of game protection, and the man 
who drafted your game law knows a good 
thing when he sees it. .Furthermore, he 
knows how to make it. I should like to 
hear the result of the other 2 cases you 
have on hand and any further prosecutions 
you may conduct. — Editor. 

The other day I went out with a few 
cartridges to see if any birds were flying. 
I did not see any large birds and had fired 
all but 3 shells when I looked out in the 
harbor and saw about 50 birds on a small 
sandbar. I sneaked down, fired 2 barrels 
at them and bagged 18 or 20 birds. Is 
not that fair shooting? 

J. M, Gray, Walpole, Mass. 


No, that is not fair shooting. It is pot 
shooting of the worst possible sort, and you 
should be ashamed ever to have indulged 
in it. I trust you may never again be 
guilty of such unsportsmanlike conduct. 
Always flush your birds before you shoot, 
then single out one for each barrel before 
firing. If others get in line and are killed 
that can not be avoided ; but never attempt 
to kill more than one bird at one shot. — 

I have read more than a score of times 
how you roast the game hogs, but what 
about the Indians in our neighborhood who 
are slaughtering deer all the time? They 
kill a deer whenever they can, take the 
hide, horns and hind quarters. The re- 
mainder of the carcass is left to rot. As 
long as the settlers make no effort to have 
this stopped the slaughter will go on till 
the game is all killed. Then the Indians 
will leave the country themselves. 

W. Wendzinski, Jennings, Wis. 


I am after the Indians, too, just as vigor- 
ously as I am after the white butchers : but 
you and the other men on the ground can 



best handle the cases you complain of. — 

I should be false to myself, my native 
Province and its guides, than whom it has 
no more trustworthy and reliable citizens, 
if I failed to protest emphatically against 
the impression Mr. W. G. Reed evidently 
seeks to create in the October issue of 
Recreation when he says, "Good guides are 
as scarce in New Brunswick as good heads 
in Maine." We have an institution here 
called The New Brunswick Guides' Asso- 
ciation, consisting of over 30 members, 
mostly master guides. It matters not which 
of these guides the sportsman may select, 
he will be sure of square treatment, a good 
run for his money, and competent service. 

L. I. Flower, Central Cambridge, N. B. 

Stroudsburg, January 30. — For shooting an 
English pheasant on Sunday in Chestnut Hill 
township, this county, Owen Sandt, of Easton, 
paid Justice Gruver, of this town, fines and costs 
amounting to $64,37. To add to Sandt's woe he 
did not get the pheasant after shooting it. The 
complainant in the case is Policeman George W. 
Siglin, of the Pohoqualine Association of Mc- 
Michaels. — Philadelpnia North American. 

Fellows like Sandt will find it economy 
to expend their surplus energy in stealing 
chickens. They will probably get off with 
10 doys in jail, and if, at the worst, they 
stop a load of shot, the town doctor will 
pick 'em out and charge it to the taxpayers. 
— Editor. 

William A. Eddy, of Bayonne, N. J., measured 
by means of his kites the altitude of the thousands 
of wild ducks which were flying Southward along 
the coast. The average height of the flying ducks 
was 1,500 feet. They passed across the crosswire 
space of Mr. Eddy's kites in about 3 seconds. 
This time was taken repeatedly, and 20 observa- 
tions confirmed the speed traveled. It was found 
that the ducks were traveling nearly 47^2 miles an 
hour. Although the kites were up but 500 feet 
the ducks appeared afraid of them and repeatedly 
great flocks steered off to one side or the other 
as they approached the point where the kites were. 
Mr. Eddy had aloft 29-foot and 27-foot kites. — 
Bayonne, N. J., Paper. 

C. D. H., on page 117, August Recrea- 
tion, states : "The Canadian Indian, who 
smokes and salts down thousands of ducks 
for his food supply in winter, would wonder 
why the yearly flight across the line was 
growing less." Will C. D. H. kindly say 
on what authority he bases his statement? 
What section of Canada is referred to? 
Am much interested in preservation of game 
in Canada, and should like to look into this 

Canadian, Montreal, Que. 

James Horner's story in December Rec- 
reation of his hunt near Silverton, Oregon, 
sounds fishy. There are neither curlews nor 
jack rabbits in that region, and the laws of 
Oregon limit a hunter to 15 upland birds a 

day. Possibly the curlews were blackbirds 
and the jack rabbits may have escaped 
from some Belgian hare farm. 

W. A. Roberts, Portland, Ore. 

You are doing the greatest work for the 
protection of game, fish, and song birds that 
has ever been done in any land. There are 
thousands of good people who are mighty 
glad you came to this planet to live. Swat, 
oh ! swat the game hogs and the fish hogs, 
and may Providence and everybody else 
back you in your swatting. 

A. L. Vermilya, Colombiaville, Mich. 

Near Eagleville, a little village 5 miles 
North of here, a good sized bear with one 
cub was seen by a woman who was picking 
berries. Several deer have been seen East 
of this place. Not in many years before 
have bear and deer been known in this 

G. F. Spaulding, Cambridge, N. Y. 

The Westchester county, N. Y., Trap 
Shooters' Association serves notice on the 
public that it will do everything possible to 
enforce the law passed by the last Legisla- 
ture making a close season on ruffed 
grouse in that county to and including 
December 31, 1904. 

For having 3 quails in his possession after the 
open season had ended, R. Ison, the East Fourth 
street, grocer, will pay to the State about $85, 
$75 fine and the costs of prosecution. His case 
was heard before Squire D. R. Harrick, of West 
Price Hill, with the above result. According to 
the Cuvier Club's records, this is Mr. Ison's 
fifth offence. — Cincinhati Enquirer. 

I have just returned from a trip in the 
North Canada woods, Temiskaming, Que- 
bec. Am prepared to answer questions re- 
garding the region. It is a fine country for 
all kinds of sport. 
O, R. Leonard, 21 Reed PI., Detroit, Mich. 

Since this State prohibited the sale of 
game comparatively little hunting has been 
done. The increase in the number of grouse 
and ducks is already noticeable. 

A. H. Lewellen, Schill, Neb. 

A yearly subscription to Recreation is 
one of the most practicable and useful 
presents you could possibly give a man or 
a boy who is interested in nature study, 
fishing, hunting, or amateur photography. 

All boys instinctively love the woods. 
Recreation teaches them to love and to 
study the birds and the animals to be 
found there. If you wold have your son, 
your brother, your husband, or your sweet- 
heart interested in nature, let him read 
Recreation. It costs only $1 a year, and 
would make him happy 12 times a year. 



The facts in re State against Rev. W. H.. 
Stone, of Elysian, Le Sueur county, Minn., 
are as follows: About the 20th of July 
my wife, daughter and I went to Elysian 
to enjoy a few days' fishing on Lake Fran- 
cis, a comparatively small lake, but one 
of the prettiest bodies of water in the 
State and a favorite resort for bass fish- 
ing. The 23d was excessively hot and my 
folks preferred the shaded woods to the 
scorching sun, so they remained ashore 
while I employed a boatman and went fish- 
ing. We went out about 7 in the morn- 
ing and found this man Stone comfortably 
anchored in a choice spot with a boat that 
looked like a protected cruiser. In addi- 
tion to his casting rod he was using 4 
extra rods; and as fuither evidence of his 
porcine character he had extra baited hooks 
on his extra lines. This was shown when- 
ever he landed a fish ; and he secured 
some large bass while I took in the situa- 
tion. I did not know the man, but ascer- 
tained his name; and when I found he was 
a resident of that place I decided to enlist 
the services of the county attorney before 
taking any steps in the matter. We re- 
mained on the lake about 2 hours. When 
we left he was still performing with his 
formidable array of tackle and did not even 
take a recess for lunch. We were out 2 
hours again in the afternoon and he was 
still there when I left preparatory to tak- 
ing the 6 o'clock train. I learned that was 
his usual custom, and that he generally took 
his dinner with him and fished all day 
without intermission. It is quite clear that 
he and his family could not possibly use 
all the fish obtained by his operations, and 
it is equally clear that he was not fishing 
simply for pleasure. 

Immediately on my return home I com- 
municated the facts to Mr. Fullerton, exe- 
cutive agent, and to the county attorney 
of Le Sueur county and told them I wished 
to make complaint and have Mr. Stone 
prosecuted. Mr. Fullerton was much 
pleased with the notion, but as the county 
attorney was absent from home my first 
letter was mislaid. After waiting a rea- 
sonable time I again wrote him, offering to 
prepare the complaint and warrant and go 
before any justice he might name to make 
complaint. He promptly responded to this 
communication, expressed his willingness 
to prosecute, authorized and requested me 
to prepare the complaint, and named G. J. 
Dressel, of Waterville, as the most con- 
venient justice before whom to institute 
the proceedings. Accordingly, on the 29th 
of August I went to Waterville, made com- 
plaint, had warrant issued, and arranged 

for the trial on September 3d, in case of a 
contest,. The arrest was made August 30th, 
a plea of guilty was entered, a fine of $25 
and $7 costs were imposed, making a 
total of $32, and I was advised the follow- 
ing day and saved the trouble and expense 
of going to Waterville to testify. I under- 
stand that Mr. Fullerton gave the facts 
to the press and that the case was widely 
advertised and commented on, but as I 
was absent from home about that time I 
did not happen to run across the stuff that 
was dished up to the preacher. I have, 
however, met many men, in different parts 
of the State and in several counties where 
I have been since that time, who did read 
it and the universal verdict is that it served 
him right. I know it served him right, 
but am glad it is generally so considered. 
As he was arrested, pleaded guilty and was 
fined on Saturday I trust that on Sunday 
he preached from the text, "The way of 
the transgressor is hard." 

Mr. Chas. E. Price, of Currie, Murray 
county, Minn., should be given full credit 
for his good work in the following case. 
April 29th I received a letter from Mr. 
Price, who is a member of the L. A. S., 
complaining of illegal fishing at Currie and 
of his inability to secure satisfaction from 
the authorities. I immediately laid the in- 
formation before Mr. Fullerton and a 
deputy was sent from Fairmont ; and 
through Mr. Price he was able to obtain 
satisfactory results. May 8th I received 
the following report from Mr. Price : The 
State is richer by $156.80 to-day than it 
was last night. Deputy Searle, from Fair- 
mont, caught 10 fellows from Walnut 
Grove, brought in 2 of them and their net, 
and Justice Millard fined them $75 apiece, 
in addition to costs. 

Henry A. Morgan, Albert Lea, Minn, 

Deputy Sheriff Jackson was out one 
Sunday in August, looking around for vio- 
lators of the fish or game laws. He 
started to go into a piece of brush where 
he heard shooting and in order to get 
there he had to cross a brook that we had 
stocked with trout. When he reached the 
brook he came right on 2 Poles, who had 
a net, made of a grain sack, across the 
brook. One of them was holding the sack 
while the other one was driving the fish 
into the net. Mr. Jackson arrested those 
men, took them to a house near, and left 
them in care of one of the men at the 
house. Then he went back, caught the 
fellow that was shooting robins, and took 
all 3 down to town. The next day they 
were fined $25 each. That was good work. 




And Jackson is made of the right kind 
of stuff. 

Special Warden Mepham and I work to- 
gether a great deal. We have cut up 4 set 
lines and 4 nets and made 2 arrests this 
summer. The first arrest was one night 
after dark. We were down the river about 
7 miles from here, at Niskayuna. Just be- 
fore dark we saw a boat that we thought 
was using a set line, but by the time we 
got a boat and got out where they were it 
was dark and we could not see what they 
were doing. We rowed past them and 
turned our boat into the brush and while 
waiting for them we saw another boat, 
just above, putting out a line. We waited 
till they began to bait it, and then we pulled 
out to them and told them their game was 
up. We took them before the justice, but 
as they seemed decent fellows we asked 
the justice to let them off with a light fine, 
which he did, fining them $2 on their prom- 
ise not to violate the law again. 

We caught another man using a set line 
and took him before our city justice. He 
claimed he had no jurisdiction, as the of- 
fense was committed outside the city lim- 
its. I could have taken the man before 
another justice in Glenville, but as he had 
nothing but eels and promised to give up 
his illegal work, I let the case drop. 

There was no venison advertised last 
year after the season had closed. You 
remember we had a case 2 years ago, and, 
although we failed to convict the party, it 
gave people a scare and they are careful 
not to repeat the offense. 

J. W. Furnside, Schenectady, N, Y. 

Harry E. Morse, who is spending a week or 
2 at West Centre Harbor, N. H., caught 255 
large perch, rock bass, pickerel and horned pouts 
in 3 hours one day. The perch measured 8 to 
12 inches long and weighed half a pound to a 
pound each. Most of the rock bass were as large 
as a man's 2 hands, and one of the horned 
pouts weighed a pound and 7 ounces when 
dressed. In proof of his remarkable fish story, 
young Morse shipped a firkin full of dressed fish 
to the Mirror. 

How is this for a fish hog? This clipping 
was taken from the Danvers Mirror. Morse 
goes to New Hampshire every summer and 
makes a hog of himself, but this is the 
worst record he has shown. If you wish 
to find out about the truth of this article 
write to Frank E. Moynahan, editor of the 
Danvers Mirror. It is claimed some of 
the fish were sent to him. 

R. E., Danvers, Mass. 

I wrote Mr. Morse himself for confirma- 
tion of the report and he replied: 

I did not advertise to have what I caught 
put in the papers. It is true that I caught 
255 perch, pickerel, rock bass and horned 
pouts in about 4 hours. Some of the fish 

weighed as much as 2 pounds apiece, while 
the smallest weighed about 7 ounces. I 
had 3 lines out and had my hands full to 
tend them. Had I had but one pole I 
would not have caught so many. I fished 
in Hawkins' lake, about J4 mile from 
Winona, N. H. I can prove my luck fish- 
ing by over 25 of the neighbors around 
there to whom I gave the fish. I do not 
brag of my luck, but I know where the 
fish are in the lakes about there and how 
to catch them. I used live bait and worms. 
Harry E. Morse, Danvers, Mass, 

You are a bristly, thick skinned, shame- 
less porker, and I commend to you a care- 
ful reading of Mr. Vermilya's "Elegy on a 
Country Fish Hog," printed on page 273 
of October Recreation. By looking at the 
picture he draws there, you will see your- 
self as others see you. — Editor. 


Wallace Schaum, Hartford, Ind., asks 
why black bass do not bite in Higgins lake, 
Roscommon county, Michigan. He says they 
are there, for he can see them 25 feet down 
in the clear water. For further evidence 
he asserts that he has seen the natives 
spear any number of them, which is not his 
way of fishing. If Mr, Schaum has read 
and profited by the teachings of Recre- 
ation he should have preferred charges 
against those native spearmen and should 
have seen to it that they were prosecuted 
to the full extent of the law. Michigan 
has stringent laws for the protection of 
game fishes from such butchers, and all 
true sportsmen should be willing to uphold 
and aid the proper authorities in enforcing 
these laws. However, if Mr. Schaum will 
provide himself with a S l A or 6 foot bait- 
casting rod, a quadruple 80 yard reel and 
50 or 75 yards of fine, strong, hard, braided, 
silk casting line, an artificial minnow and 
a few other baits and will closely observe 
the following directions I will guarantee 
that black bass, either the large or the small 
mouth variety, will bite for Mr. Schaum or 
anyone else. 

No intelligent bass will take a bait or 
lure when visible to the angler or when the 
angler is perceptible. Black bass are sel- 
dom taken by still fishing. Don't let vour 
bait soak. Keep it moving. A moving bait 
is their ruin, as they will strike for it when 
not the least hungry, just from pure vicious- 
ness. Keep your boat in deep water and cast 
into shallow places near lily pads and rushes, 
reeling back slowly after each cast. Cast 
50 to 100 feet, getting the bait as far from 
the boat as possible,. Or, let the minnow 
out 75 or 100 feet back of the boat, and troll, 
slowly, as near the pads or bars as possible, 
avoiding snags, and good results are cer- 
tain to follow. A cloudy or breezy day is 



best for bass fishing in clear water; late in 
the evening if calm. 

Fred T. Bradley, Toledo, Ohio. 


H. G. Dodds, of this place and H. J. 
Puterbaugh, of Mackinaw, 111., claim to 
have caught, in about 3 hours, 52 black 
bass, that weighed over 160 pounds, and 
would have caught as many more if they 
had not run out of bait. How they could 
feel proud of such a day's butchery is more 
than I can see,. 

You have done much toward making our 
people ideal sportsmen and aside from 
these 2 men, who hunt and fish half their 
time, there is no one here who would be 
guilty of such conduct. I congratulate you 
on your success and may you continue the 
good work. 

B. F. Tucker, Morton, 111. 

On inquiry as to the accuracy of this 
report, these men reply : 

Mr. H. G. Dodds and I did catch 52 
black bass in 4 x /> hours, and in August last 
Mr. H. G. Dodds' wife nd son, about 8 
years old, my wife, my daughter, 14 years 
old and I caught J$ black bass in less than 
5 hours. We also caught at different times 
50 to 100 pounds of pickerel and walleyed 
pike in a short time. 

H. J. Puterbaugh, Mackinaw, 111. 

Mr. Puterbaugh, of Mackinaw, 111., and I 
did catch 52 black bass in about 3 hours, 
and would have caught more had our bait 
not run out. 

H. G. Dodd, Morton, 111. 

You fellows waste your time by fishing 
with one rod and one line and one hook 
each. You are evidently not fishing for 
fun, but for fame and for the pot. Here is 
a bit of fame for you. 

You will hereafter be known to the 
330,000 readers of Recreation as dirty, 
contemptible swine and there is not a 
decent man among all these readers who 
would not like to see you both locked up 
for 30 days in a high barred corral, with 
a herd of 4 legged hogs. — Editor. 


The trout fishing contest of the Knights of 
Pythias ended at noon to-day. J. M. Blakeslee's 
fishermen have the other side beaten so badly 
that they might as well have kept their fish at 
home. The total weight of the fish caught by 
Blakeslee's party was 88^4 pounds, while the best 
the others could do was 37 pounds. 

The scores of the individual fishermen were as 


Charles Cliffe, Ed. Gilbert, August Bauman and 

Jud Cameron 46 

Charles Hensel 10 

Tom Gunton 8?4 

T. M. Blakeslee iVa 

C. E. Taylor 3 l A 

Fred Curtis 1 1/ 2 

B. S. W. Finkle u 

Total 88^ 

A. w. rickerd's party. 

George W. Howard $y 2 

<E. R. McCoy and J. W. Hannen 1 

John Lamson i]/ 2 

Bert Miller, Dr. Moon and E. S. Williams... 8 

H. Monroe 3 

D. E. Wynkoop 414 

H. W. Cunningham 5 y 2 

T. W. Jarrett 9 

Total 37 

This evening the Knights of Pythias will eat 
the trout and have a banquet at the expense of 
A. W. Rickerd's side. — Traverse City (Mich.) 
Evening Record. 

It seems that some of the Michigan herd 
are still at large. It is humiliating to read 
of members of so good an organization as 
K. of P. indulging in a .fish-slaughtering 
match like that recorded above. Evidentlv 
there are 'no sportsmen in the Traverse 
City lodge of the K. of P. — Editor. 


What is the best and easiest method bv 
which an amateur can preserve a fish head? 
Where can glass eyes for mounted fish be 

L. L. Harrington, Mill Village, Pa. 


The fish head should be carefully cleaned 
from the inside, free of all flesh. When 
the flesh has been scraped away, the head 
should be thoroughly washed, then treated 
on the inside at all points with arsenical 
soap. After that the cavities which are 
overlaid by skin should be filled with pot- 
ter's clay to replace the flesh. The eyes 
should be set in papier-mache. Wires to 
support the head on a shield should be 
fastened firmly into the back of the skull. 
The head can then be fixed in position on a 
board as it is intended to hang when ex- 
hibited, the mouth opened properly and 
held in position by strings and pins until 
thoroughly dry. 

As soon as the head has been mounted 
and set in position it should be given a 
coat of white varnish to hold as much of 
the color as possible. The varnish must, 
of course, be thinned down with turpen- 
tine, so it will not be too thick. It should 
flow as freely as thin cream.. 

Glass eyes in endless variety can be had 
from Fred Kaemofer, dealer in taxider- 
mists' materials, 88 State street, Chicago, 
111. — Editor. 

Last summer my brother and I spent 
some time in Clinton county. Up there the 
law is not obeyed. The natives laughed at 
us when we told them how many under 
sized trout we threw back. Their reason 
was, "The next person that comes along 
will take the little ones." The people who 



lived there would catch a 10 quart pail full 
of 2 and 3 inch trout,. One time a city 
man and his son went fishing and caught 
several baskets of fingerlings. The game 
warden happened to come along and asked 
them, "What luck?" They opened their 
baskets and were quickly pulled in. They 
were fined $30 each". Served them right. 

In September, hounding was going on. 
The game warden is a sleepy looking fel- 
low and has not yet made an arrest. The 
reason is his son has hounded, so if he 
should make an arrest the hunters would 
give his son away. The hunting and fishing 
up there were good, but if the hounding 
keeps up the deer will feel the result. 
When the hunters hound up there they gen- 
erally get their venison, but in still hunting 
they can not always kill the game. I hear 
they have a new game warden, and I hope 
he will do some good. 

Recreation is a fine magazine and I hope 
it may always prosper. 

F. S. Mathias, Brooklyn, N. Y. 


I noticed an article in your August num- 
ber, page 185, entitled "Salmon Fishing in 
Charleston Lake," and your footnote, in 
which you state that the salmon referred to 
is "probably Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar." 
What the writer of that article calls salmon 
are only the ordinary gray trout to be 
found in nearly all Canadian lakes. I have 
often fished in Charleston lake and caught 
the fish referred to. The Atlantic salmon 
has not for many years been caught farther 
from the sea than Jacques Cartier river, a 
few miles above Quebec, and it was never 
to be found in any of the small Ontario 
lakes, to which, in fact, it could eet no 
access. By publishing this you will correct 
an error. 

John L. Morris, Montreal, Canada, 


You are doubtless right in stating that 
the fish in question is the ordinary gray 
trout, or Mackinaw trout, Cristivomer na- 
maycush. The use of the name salmon by 
Mr. Geiger, the size of the fish, and my 
failure to look up the exact geograohic lo- 
cation of the lake mentioned led to the er- 
ror in identification. — Editor. 

I saw a reference in Recreation to the 
Yellow Bushy river in Mississippi. There 
is no such river; probably the Yallabusha 
was meant. The Yallabusha and Talla- 
hatchie bottoms are still full of bear, deer, 
turkeys, wolves and panthers. The game 
is hard to get at, however, because of the 
density of undergrowth in the swamps. 
There are 2 lakes Srvth of the bottoms, 
known as North and South Horn lakes. I 
camped there a while last summer. They 

offer no inducement to anglers, as the fish 
are being rapidly seined out. A Memphis 
man named Louis Fritz runs an immense 
seine there and ships about 2,000 pounds 
of fish daily. At least 500 weight of this 
catch is of game fishes. Can not something 
be done to squelch this hog? 

M. R. Williams, Memphis, Tenn. 

Two friends and I had a successful fish- 
ing trip to Rainbow lake last summer, 
where we stayed a week with 2 guides. 
The fish bit tco fast at the bait, so we tried 
trolling and got 3 good ones in an hour. 
There are lots of fsh in the lake and it is 
an excellent place to go. I am a subscriber 
to Recreation and like the way you roast 
the hogs. 

Robert Fohs, Millinocket, Maine. 

The United States Fish Commission re- 
cently planted 10,000 rainbow trout in 
streams along the lines of the Iron Moun- 
tain Railway in Missouri. Among the 
waters supplied are the Big river, near 
Irondale, Missouri; the St. Francis river, 
near Loughborough; and 2 tributaries of 
the Black river. 

Fishing last season at Tomahawk and 
other Northern Wisconsin lakes was the 
poorest I ever experienced in any of my 
15 consecutive trips. If those chaps really 
caught 26 muskies in one day, I do not be- 
lieve it was with hook and line, for fish 
were not biting at tnat time. 

T. W. Harrington, Greencastle, Ind. 

Mr. F. W. Wakeman, of Paw Paw, 
Mich,, county clerk of Van Buren county, 
caught, in October last, a large mouth 
bass that weighed 734 pounds. He used a 
light bamboo rod and a small silk line. 
The fish was the largest of its species 
taken in that vicinity in years past. 

I enjoyed Lake Champlain much last 
summer. Was at Thompson Point. We 
caught all the fish we needed ; though, on 
account of high water, the fishing was not 
up to the usual mark. 

C. F. Langworthy, Washington, D. C. 

Mr. A. D. Wilson, of Philadelphia, is 
said to have caught a brook trout at Notre 
Dame du Lac, Quebec, in September last 
which weighed J% pounds. 

If you wish to make a present to a man 
or boy who is interested in shooting, fishing, 
amateur photography, or nature study, give 
him a year's subscription to Recreation. 
Nothing you can possibly buy for $1 would 
give him so much pleasure as 12 issues of 
this magazine. Come early and avoid the 


Anybody can shoot all day, but a gentleman will quit when he gets enough. 


I have just been looking over what seems 
to me one of the finest pieces of the rifle 
maker's art I have even seen. Jt is now 
in process of construction at the Savage 
Arms Company's plant in Utica, and is 
the invention of Mr. Arthur W. Savage. 

I have owned or used about every 22 
caliber rim fire rifle, single shot or re- 
peating, on the market ; also many now 
obsolete. This new Savage rifle,so far as 
mechanical construction goes, embodies 
more valuable features than any gun of its 
class with which I am acquainted. Of its 
ballistic qualities, it is, of course, prema- 
ture to judge; but I am assured the barrels 
will be bored and rifled as accurately and 
well as American machines and American 
brains can accomplish. 

There is no class of firearms where in- 
accuracy is so quickly detected as in rifles 
taking 22 rim fire ammunition, and if ex- 
treme accuracy be not obtainable with such 
a weapon, it is usually soon discarded. 
Any improvement on these rifles will be 
heartily welcomed. The 22 has many at- 
tractive features. The disappearance of 
much of the large game removes the in- 
centive to own a rifle suitable for hunting 
large animals, but the vast increase of 
interest in field sports has created great 
and growing demand for rifles that may 
be used successfully in hunting small game 
and for target purposes at short range. 
The 22 rim fire cartridge, particularly the 
short, long and long rifle, supplies all these 
demands, and, as well, provides cheapness, 
comparative safety and a charge shorn of 
excessive noise and recoil. Many ladies 
use this type of arm and ammunition, prin- 
cipally, I believe, because of the last men- 
tioned feature. 

The new Savage 22 is a hammerless re- 
peater, take down, with a handsome, well 
shaped 24 pistol grip, not checkered. The 
position of the firing pin and striker is 
automatically indicated by an attachment 
which - also acts as a positive safety, in 
much the same manner as the safety slide 
on a double shot gun. The stocks will have 
rifle or shot gun butt and be of plain or 
selected walnut, as required. The barrels 
are full octagon only, and 24 inches long, 
although on special order shorter and long- 
er barrels, within a reasonable limit, may 
be had. The slots are cut to take any stand 
and sight, but the rifle will be regularly 
furnished with bead front and V rear 
sights. The action, however, presents the 
most notable innovation and is a marvel 
of ease and precision in manipulation. The 

frame is smooth and strong, with no pro- 
jections on top except the safety indicator. 
The mechanism is entirely contained with- 
in the receiver and is actuated by a modi- 
fication of the well tried sliding fore end, 
or, so called, trombone action. The motion 
is short and positive, permitting great 
rapidity of fire. Ejection is accomplished 
by expelling exploded shells smartly to the 
right. The magazine is of the box type, 
removable at will by a spring catch, placed 
just within the circle of the trigger guard, 
and is of thin steel handsomely blued and 
finished to match the action. This box 
will be constructed to hold 7 or 8 car- 
tridges, placed horizontally, one on top of 
the other. They are held automatically in 
the magazine, which, when put in place, 
will feed its contents into the rifle until 
the box is empty. By carrying extra maga- 
zines, already charged, the possessor of 
this little gun can in an instant remove 
the empty magazine and replace it with one 
fully charged. The cost of extra magazines 
will be nominal. This feature demonstrates 
at sight its convenience and utility, for 
the ammunition thus safely placed in such 
a receptacle can suffer no injury; can lose 
out no bullets nor collect any dirt, and 
keeps a definite number of cartridges in 
a position to facilitate most rapid insertion 
in the rifle. This plan has all the ad- 
vantages of the clip style of loading, with 
several additional advantages that will 
naturally suggest themselves. By provid- 
ing a reasonable number of extra maga- 
zines the work of charging may be done 
at home, and while afield no one would be 
obliged to even touch a cartridge. 

The use of the popular 22 long rifle cart- 
ridge in repeating rifles has always been 
inconvenient, and the Winchester Company 
has never made repeaters to handle this 
shell. The Savage box magazine, however, 
makes its use entirely feasible. The rifle 
can be used as a single loader without 
cutoff, with magazine in position, or it 
may be used as a single loader with the 
magazine detached. 

I understand the intention is to furnish 
rifles chambered as desired. The rifle 
chambered for the 22 long rifle will handle 
both 22 short and 22 long also, and will 
be rifled with one turn in 18 inches. Those 
chambered for the 22 short will handle that 
shell only, and be cut with a 20 inch twist. 
The same magazine will take the 22 long 
rifle and the 22 long; but another maga- 
zine will be required for the 22 short. The 
action, however, is identical for all 3 
cartridges. The system employed could 


4 6 


well be adopted to handle the 25-25, 25-21, 
25-20 single shot, 25-10 rim fire and the 
22-7-45 ; and, possibly, should sufficient de- 
mand be apparent, such rifles will be put 
on the market. 

There is little excuse for the purchase 
of a single shot rifle with such a perfected 
repeating arm obtainable, except the pos- 
sible matter of cost. This weapon can be as 
readily and perfectly cleaned and inspected 
from the breech as can a single shot. 

The take down feature is thoroughly 
strong and practicable and is controlled by 
a powerful thumb screw. The 2 sections 
are separable by using no other tools than 
the fingers, and in a moment's time. The 
rigidity of the frame is not impaired in the 
least, the arm being as strong, safe and 
unyielding as in any solid frame. 

The little rifle balances perfectly and 
is of graceful outline and excellent finish. 
It is the lightest repeater on the market, 
as far as I am aware, weighing slightly- 
over 5 pounds. I believe it is bound to 
encounter a universally favorable reception 
at the hands of discriminating riflemen, par- 
ticularly as it is to be sold at a cost no 
higher than that of competing arms. 

E. B. G., Utica, N. Y. 


I am just in receipt of the Remington 
catalogue for 1902 and it is a thing of 
beauty, and a joy to me. Ever since I 
carried a pair of Remington revolvers in 
Custer's cavalry, in the shindy of '6i-'65, 
I have felt a pride and a confidence in the 
honest old firm which, notwithstanding the 
sobering influence of years, tingles in my 
nerves yet whenever I see or handle a 
weapon bearing their stamp. 

True, the good old man who established 
the works, and who built into its walls and 
it methods his own sterling manhood, 
has long since passed away ; but those who 
stepped into his place have continued the 
business on the old lines. And so, a Rem- 
ington once, a Remington always. The 
name is a synonym for honesty. 

It is the custom of manufacturers of 
arms to claim that every weapon made is 
tested at the range for accuracy, as well 
as for sighting. The Remington people 
make that claim good. Apropos of this 
factory test claim, I could say something 
that would queer a firm which has recent- 
ly withdrawn its ad from Recreation. A 
big concern may sometimes trade on its 

The Remington catalogue is more than 
a mere pictured list of the goods of the 
firm. It is a work of art from the printer's 

Looking over its pages one feels that he 
were hard to please who courd not find 
a shot gun to his fancy. Double or single, 

they are all on the square. I hope some 
good friend may some day present me 
with a Remington Special double gun, il- 
lustrated on page 21 of the new catalogue, 
and priced at $750; but I fear I shall not 
realize on that hope. 

In the popular rush for the small bore 
smokeless the Remingtons have put out 
the No. 5 rifle, built on the exact lines of 
the old Creedmoor, with the same old 
flying lock, better than which nothing has 
ever been devised. Strength, simplicity, 
safety, durability, all are wrapped up in 
its earliest mechanism. It is adapted to 
the various popular sizes of small bore, 
powerful smokeless cartridges, including 
the new 32-40 high pressure. It weighs 
about 7 pounds. 

On a recent visit to Denver I dropped 
into a gun store and found an obliging 
clerk who showed me the new Remington- 
Lee sporting rifle. It is a most beautiful 
weapon, neat and graceful in contour, and 
polished like a mirror, the wood of its 
selected stock beautiful as a dream, and its 
mechanism smooth as silk. 

The columns of guns and ammunition 
contain many inquiries from young people 
eager for advice as to what weapon to 
buy. To all such I say : 

Get any rifle you please so it's a Rem- 
ington. You can not miss it if you get 
one bearing the old name. Any model, 
any caliber, any length, any weight ; all 
send their leaden messages true.. They 
hit hard, and they last. You can bet your 
life on one every time. If you do not 
drive the tack every time don't look for 
the fault in the gun. The fault is yours. 
Keep her clean, draw her true, and then 
bet your last dollar, if you wish. Don't 
buy a Mauser, nor a Flobert ; buy a 
Remington. Take care of it, learn it well 
and keep it. 

W. H. Nelson, Eldora, Colo. 


Frank A. Ward asks, in August Recrea- 
tion, for information as to loading 12 
guage shells with Laflin & Rand powder. 
It has always been my practice to load my 
own ammunition and having used Laflin & 
Rand smokeless powder, exclusively, sever- 
al years, I give the benefit of my experience. 

My gun is a 12 guage Ithaca weighing 
about 7 J / 2 pounds, I use Winchester 
Leader shells, 34 base, and of as short 
length as I can get ; usually 2^5 inches. 
This powder occupies only small space and 
the shorter the shell the less wadding will 
be required. 

For grouse and other bird shooting I 
use 38 grains powder and 1]/% ounces No. 7 
shot ; for a medium heavy load, suitable for 
gray squirrels or ducks in good range, 40 
grains powder and 1 3-16 ounces No. 3 



shot ; for a heavy charge in hunting foxes 
or chance shots at ducks at long distance, 
42 grains powder and 1% ounces BB shot. 
Place over the powder one smokeless card 
wad and enough black edge wads so the 
shot and one thin Winchester card wad 
on the same will leave about 3-16 inch of 
shell for crimping. The Laflin & Rand 
people have a graduated powder measure, 
which they sell for 25 cents. I use that 
in measuring my loads. I have found the 
above loaded shells exceedingly effective, 
and when I miss I do not blame my am- 

In October, 1901, N. A. Lee of Dexter, 
N. Y., and I were hunting at the mouth of 
Black river, Jefferson county, N. Y. We 
saw a large flock of black ducks coming up 
the main channel and flying high. They 
were far out of ordinary shot gun range. 
Acting on the impulse of the moment, when 
the ducks were opposite us, I picked up my 
gun and fired hastily with the left barrel 
loaded with BB shot. What was our sur- 
prise to see a duck drop into the water. My 
friend laughed and said, "Well ! well ! 30 
rods I" Examination showed that one shot 
had hit the duck in the head just back of the 

On another day about the same time 4 
of us were hunting the big marshes of 
Black River bay. A large bird came flying 
slowly between us and the shore,. It ap- 
parently considered itself out of range. 
Two of us tried a chance shot, but I was 
tne only one to have large shot in my gun. 
After flying a rod or 2 the bird fell. On 
being brought in we found 2 BB shot had 
hit its side and breast. It may be inter- 
esting to add that the bird was to us a 
curiosity. Two of the party had lived and 
hunted in that vicinitv all their lives, but 
had never seen the like. The taxidermist 
at Watertown, N. Y., said it was a sea- 
bird, a cormorant ; and that once in a 
while one will follow the St. Lawrence 
river up to Lake Ontario. The bird meas- 
ures 2 feet from bill to tail. 

William J. Gardinier, Herkimer, N. Y. 

In answer to F. A. Ward, Sterling, 111. : 
After many tests with nitro powder in a 
12 gauge 30 inch barrel, I have found 42 
grains, 1 field wad, 2 felt wads, 1% ounces 
No. 8 chilled shot, firmly crimped, an ex- 
cellent load. Also, 45>< grains powder, 
same wadding, 1% ounces No. 5 shot for 
larger game. The Winchester Repeating 
Arms Co. furnish these loads, and their 
shells are excellent. 

Chas. L. Kelsey, Buffalo, N. Y. 

gauge, 2 barrels, 26 and 30 inches, for the 
past 6 months. Its action in rapid 
firing, or rather its non-action or over- 
action, has caused me to lose a great many 
birds, as well as a large part of whatever 
religion I had. One morning I was 
out with some friends after quails and 
the first covey found rose in a scattering 
manner, offering the finest opportunity 
I ever saw for the use of a pump gun. I 
fired one shot, and in trying to throw 
another shell into the barrel, the magazine 
spring allowed 2 to come into the carriage. 
That of course locked it tight. If this 
had occurred only once I might think it 
was my fault, but it occurs every time I 
go into the field. I now have my gun 
advertised for sale, intending to get me 
a Winchester 16 gauge with 26 and 2s 
inch barrels. I like the pump guns, but 
I am through with anything that has 
"Marlin" stamped on it. 

I should be pleased to have users of the 
Savage rifle give their opinions of it, as 1 
expect to get one at an early date. I 
should also like to have the views of 
different users of telescope sights, as I 
wish to get one for the rifle in question. 

We have a large quantity of small game 
in this section, consisting of quails, 
squirrels and turkeys, and occasionally 
a wildcat. There are not many bristle- 
backs in this country. Nearly everyone 
observes the game laws. 

R. G. Robertson, Junction City, Ark. 

I am deeply interested in the comments 
on the Marlin guns. I have been using a 
Marlin take down repeating shot gun, 12 

If Mr. Huff is looking for a light and 
effective gun, I advise him to buy a 25-35 
half-magazine carbine I carried one on a 
3 months' trip through the Sierra Madre 
mountains, last fall. I was attracted by its 
lightness, a point I could fully appreciate 
after toting a 30-40 Krag. My comrades 
used 30-30' s and a 45-70. They jeered at 
my popgun, but I had the last laugh. I 
fired 5 times at 4 bucks and got them all, 
3 dropping in their tracks and one running 
about 100 yards, shot through the lungs. 
The only other deer secured by our parly 
was hit several times with the 45-70, and 
then would have escaped, had it not become 
entangled in a barb wire fence. 

James H. Pierce, Boulder, Colo. 

In August Recreation A. Huff finds 
fault with the 25-35 Winchester. I have no 
2 5-35 to sell, but I can not allow a man 
who admits he only used it on one or 2 
deer to call a good gun bad names. I 
spend much of my time in the woods is a 
guide, and have used a 25-35 Winchester 
3 years. I think the 30-30 O. K., but the 
2 5-35 has better penetration, flatter trajec- 
tory, and greater velocity; shells cost less, 
make less noise, and have less recoil. I 

4 8 


hear lots about the difficulty of cleaning the 
25. If you go about it right it is as easy 
as any other small caliber.. 

R,. A. Powell, Eureka, Cal. 


Auburn, N. Y. 
Messrs. Peters Cartridge Co., 

Cincinnati, Ohio : 

Dear Sirs : 

After reading your article in Recreation 
I feel obliged to write you my experience. 
In the fall of '98 I bought a Winchester 
repeating shot gun, 1897 take down model, 
and a package of Peters' New Victor shells 
loaded with smokeless powder and No. 8 
shot. When I tried to load the gun it was 
impossible to make the carrier push the 
shell into the barrel, nor could I push it in 
with my fingers. When I tried to use the 
gun as a single shot, the shells stuck in 
the' barrel half way up the brass rim. The 
dealer I bought them of said it was caused 
by the shell expanding in loading, and if I 
would use long brass rim shells they would 
work better. They did, for the next shells 
I bought were U. M. C. smokeless with 
high base, and they worked perfectly. 
Since that I have used only U. M. C. or 
Winchester loaded shells and not one of 
them has ever jammed in thj barrel. 

The article in April Recreation is true 
in Mr. RadclifFs and my cases, and not 
maliciously false, as you claim. So, Mr. 
Secretary, you are entitled to another guess, 

F. B. Annin. 

The crack shots of the 23d infantry have 
just returned from Sea Girt with a store 
of information on rifles and ammunition. 
A number of experiments were made 
there by the Government. The new Spring- 
field rifle was tested and found the most 
powerful military arm on earth. The new 
cartridge contains about 44 grains of 
smokeless powder and a 220 grain bullet. 
Its muzzle velocity is about 2,250 feet. The 
shell is a little over 2)/ 2 inches long and 
much heavier than the old shell. It has 
a grooved head like the Mauser shell. Sev- 
eral Krag-Jorgensen rifles were chambered 
for testing this cartridge, but the gun 
action was too weak for such a powerful 
load. Breech bolts were broken so often 
that it was unsafe to experiment with the 
old army rifle. A so-called rifle without 
rifling was also tested, and gave good re- 
sults. If the new cartridge is ever taken 
up by sportsmen, gunmakers will have to 
design a new rifle. I am sure none of the 
old model rifles could handle this load. 
A. J, Hubbard, Color Sergt. 23d Inf., 
Plattsburgh Barracks, N. Y. 


In commenting on Mr. Van Dyke's hunt- 
ing adventures many correspondents have 
declared that deer can not be killed with a 
22 rifle. Without claiming that the 22 is a 
big game gun, I can assure them that many 
deer and even larger animals have been 
killed with that weapon I wish writers 
would give us more facts about guns and 
game, and less guff about their individual 
prowess. Recreation space is too valuable 
to waste on private horn blowing 

John Patterson, Dell, Mont. 

I see several of your readers criticize Mr. 
Van Dyke's story in February Recreation. 
That is probably all right ; but when Mr. 
Patrick, of Cedarville, Mich., says a deer 
can not be killed with a ,.22, and that "a 
healthy deer would run off with all the 
,22's the U. M. C. Co. could make in a 
month," he is making as great a mistake as 
he thinks Mr. Van Dyke did. I have 
killed deer with a .22 caliber Stevens, using 
a common short rim fire cartridge. 

C. E. T., Pleasantville. la. 

In September Recreation, Buck, of Ak- 
ron, O., asks for information in regard 
to the proper gun for squirrel and rabbit 
shooting. The calibers he mentions are 
all good, but I think the 22 is sufficiently 
large for all small game, besides being in- 
expensive. I prefer a model '90, Winches- 
ter, chambered for 22 short only. With 
this gun I can kill all the game any decent 
sportsman needs, and the gun is serviceable 
and easily taken down to put in a trunk. 
Uncle Dan, Indianapolis, Ind. 

To Buck, Akron, Ohio, I would say that 
I have had some experience selecting a 
rifle for squirrels and rabbits. I first tried 
a 32 but found I could do better with 
a 22, The latter will kill every time at 
100 feet, which is the average range, and 
will do fair work at 100 yards. The '90 
model Winchester 22 short is a good gun 
for all small game. 

C. M. Smith, Campello, Mass. 

To C. L. Patrick and others in July 
Recreation, I wish to say that I saw a 
deer killed by one shot from a .22 rifle. I 
was hunting cottontail rabbits with my 
brother-in-law on his ranch in Southern 
California, each of us having a .22 long Win- 
chester. A prong horn buck jumped out of 
the brush not more than 30 feet from us, 
trotted a few yards and stopped. My 
brother-in-law fired at him, just to sting 
him for his impudence, and was dumb- 
founded to see the deer jump into the air 
and fall without a kick. The bullet entered 



the brain just in front of the ear and went 
nearly half way through it. This was as 
much an accident as was my killing of an 
eagle with a stone while fishing in Santa 
Barbara county, some years ago. The eagle 
came soaring down the creek and I threw 
a stone at it to frighten it; the huge bird 
sailed into the stone and went down into 
the water with a broken neck. 

S. O. Blodgett, San Francisco, Cal. 


Will you kindly inform me through Rec- 
reation what gun is best adapted for the 
big game of Africa, such as lions, elephants, 
etc. Is the 30-40 Winchester deadly at 
2,000 yards, and what is the penetration at 
that distance? 

Charles Thornquest, New York city. 


As a rule, sportsmen in Africa do not 
limit themselves to one gun, but take a 
battery of several guns, suited to the dif- 
ferent animals. The elephant and the lion 
are not at all in the same class. Ten and 12- 
bore rifles have been much used for shoot- 
ing elephants. The modern high power 
rifles of 40 and 45 caliber are highly spoken 
of, as all around rifles, and the .303 is said 
to kill even elephants fairly well. 

The 30-40 is deadly at 2,000 yards in the 
sense of killing a man or an animal struck 
in a vital spot. The penetration at that 
distance I do not know. — Editor. 

Although the story in Recreation en- 
titled "The Mystery of a Bullet," by Charles 
W. Sawyer, does not call for an answer I 
think I can throw some light on the case. 
I figure it out that the boys were hunting, 
several days of their vacation, in a woods 
near where the sheep went to feed; that 
one of those queer bullets came straying 
out of the woods and fell in the pasture 
of the sheep ; and that either the sheep it- 
self ate the bullet by mistake or that the 
lawyer mentioned in the story fed it to 
that sheep in order to get a case, as he 
knew that one of the boys had been bucked 
by one of that farmer's rams. It would 
look rather hard for the boys and the case 
would be easy for him to win for the farm- 
er. The farmer does not prosecute the boys 
and the villain is foiled once more. 

Edwin H. Lankety, New York City. 

In July Recreation there appears an 
article from the Savage Arms Co., giving 
the penetration of .303 Savage as 50 inches 
in tests made at Detroit, Boston and New 
York. They were made in pine, longitu- 
dinally, which the Savage people claim is a 
greater test of penetration than when made 
horizontally through pine boards. I do not 

question the penetration of the Savage .303 
as compared with other arms; but I main- 
tain that any bullet will show greater pene- 
tration in wood in line with the grain than 
across it. I should like to wager the Sav- 
age Arms Co. the price of a .303 that they 
can not show a 50 inch lateral penetration 
in solid pine with any cartridge used by 

W. A. Barr, Chicago, 111. 

Recreation readers will be interested 
in a telescope sight manufactured in 
in this city by Joseph Coxe. For sim- 
plicity and ease of application it has no 
equal. It is composed of lenses in 2 sets. 
One set is fitted to a folding leaf and at- 
tached to the gun in the rear slot ; the 
other set is attached to any peep sight and 
can be changed to an open sight by simply 
turning the leaf down. The front sight is 
not changed and is kept in its regular po- 
sition. It. will plainly show the eyes of 
a sparrow at 100 yards ; a thing impossible 
with any other sight. It is called the Mag- 
noscope, and may be had by addressing 
Mr. Coxe. Price $4. 

J. W. Stapleton, York, Neb, 

There is in this vicinity a gun which if 
not unique is at least rare. It is a 
16 guage, undersnap action, pin-fire, and 
was made in France. Its chief pecu- 
liarity is that it dismounts in 3 sections: 
the stock, back of the pistol grip ; the pistol 
grip, lock, and about 8 inches of the barrel, 
making a formidable breech loading horse 
pistol ; and the remainder of the barrel, the 
length of an ordinary cane. This is fitted 
with a knob at one end and a ferule at the 
other, and is colored to Imitate wood. A 
better weapon for a poacher could hardly 
be devised. The gun is of good quality and 
workmanship; is still serviceable and in fair 

G. A. Mack, Pleasantville, N. Y, 

My experience with German and U. M. C. 
ammunition agrees with that of Messrs. 
Stokes and Higgins. I find the U. M. C. 
7-m-m cartridges stronger, and more cleanly 
and accurate than the German loads. While 
on my ranch in Idaho last winter I tested 
my Mauser against Savage .303, and Win- 
chester and Marlin 30-30. 1 he Mauser 
proved much more powerful than the 
others. I do not know that this is any 
great point in favor of the Mauser, as the 
,303 and 30-30 shoot hard enough for all 
practical purposes. I also agree with Mr. 
Higgins in regard to the good qualities of 
Laflin & Rand powder. 

C. H. Kessler, Oro Fino, Idaho. 



A year ago my wife and I wanted each 
a gun for field and trap use. After looking 
the matter up thoroughly I placed an order 
with the Ithaca Gun Co. for 2 guns; one a 
No. 2, 16-26 6)4 pounds ejector with 13^2 
inch stock for my wife, the other a No. 4 
Chester. A pronghorn buck jumped out of 
used both for game and over the traps, 
firing thousands of loads, and think our 
choice of an Ithaca was a wise one. Mrs. 
Brownie often breaks 20 out of 25 targets ; 
I sometimes get 25 straight. Recreation's 
crusade against the game hogs will go a 
long way toward improving field shooting. 
Leon Brownie, Abilene, Kan. 

I notice in the Marble Safety Axe Co./'s 
ad on the front cover of July Recreation, 
a gun sight listed at $1. It appears to be a 
front rifle sight. Have any of Recreation's 
readers used it, and if so, do they like it 
as well as or better than the Lyman sight? 
The only fault I see with a Savage rifle is 
that the trigger and lever lock slides too 
easily backward and forward. It needs 
only a slight jar after the rifle is a little 
worn to move the lock back so the trigger 
is free. If the lock pulled as hard as the 
trigger, or the trigger pulled as easy as 
the lock, it would be perfection. 

G. W. McHay, Kelsey, Minn. 

September Recreation contained an ar- 
ticle suggesting straight grooving for smooth 
bore rifles. I have such a gun, an old flint 
lock altered to percussion, which I will give 
to anyone who cares to experiment with it. 
The only condition I make is that the result 
of the experiment be reported to Recrea- 
tion. This gun did excellent work in its 
day, with both balls and shot. It is slightly 
out of order, but can be readily repaired 
at slight expense. Will forward by ex- 
press to first applicant whose name is 
known to me through Recreation. 

Peter Kachlin, Wickertown, Pa. 

I see W. S. Mead wants to hear from 
someone who has used the Stevens Ideal, 
No. 44. I have used that arm and can tell 
Mr, Mead it is excellent for all work for 
which it is intended. For shooting at 300 
to 500 yards, get a 32-40 Stevens No. 44. 
Tell Mr. Onderdonk that the 38-55 cart- 
ridge loaded with full charge of smokeless 
powder will give about 100 feet greater 
velocity, a flatter trajectory, and 2 to 3 
inches more penetration than the black 
powder load. 

H. C. Walton, York, Pa. 

V. J. N., of Dubuque, la., will find the 
32-40, with mushroom bullets, an admirable 
gun for deer. For larger game I advise 
him to get a 7 m. m. Remington-Lee. It is 

handsome, exceedingly effective and will 
bunch 5 out of 6 shots in a 2 inch circle at 
200 yards. As a big game gun it is su- 
perior to even the Winchester 30-40 and .303 
Savage. Last fall I shot a deer at 360 
yards with my Remington-Lee. The bullet 
struck the rump and came out between the 

Harry James, Flatlands, N. Y. 

The sparrow gun described in May Rec- 
reation has killed 125 sparrows to date. 
I think the heavier a 22 rifle barrel is, if 
not over 8 pounds, the better the score. 
The 22 Winchester single is the best of 
the lot. It will wear 100 years and not get 
loose, I think the Winchester 1897 take 
down the best single shot gun on the mar- 
ket. I choose the 16 gauge, moderate 
choke. C. Vitous, East Pittsburg, Pa. 

I agree with F. Winton of Spring Hill, 
Tenn., that there is nothing better ihan 
the Stevens rifle for small game and target 
work. I have had one 3 years. Recently 
I killed one crow at 235 yards and 2 at 
210 yards. I use Winchester and U. M. C, 
long rifle cartridges. My rifle is fitted with 
globe sight in front and Lyman's combina- 
tion rear sight. 

F. I. Blake, Buda, 111. 

I have an Ithaca $80 grade gun which 
I believe is in every respect as good as 
the $100 grade of any other make. In 
shooting quality it can not be beaten at any 
price. In engraving and checking nothing 
better could be desired. 

M, B. Beecher, Meriden, Conn.- 

Tell A. L. Tabor, of Los Angeles, that 
I find the Winchester 22 greaseless bullet 
cartridge much better than the lubricated. 
It is clean and more powerful and accurate 
than any other -cartridge. 

P. B. Moore, Quaker Hill, Conn. 

I should like information from persons 
who have tried shooting solid lead balls in 
cylinder bore shot guns. 

H. L. Clark, Canton, Pa. 

What could be a more desirable present 
than a yearly subscription to Recreation ? 
It is one of the most practicable and useful 
presents you could possibly give a man or 
boy who is interested in nature study, fish- 
ing, hunting, or amateur photography. 

All boys 'instinctively love the woods. 
Recreation teaches them to love and to 
study the birds and the animals to be 
found there. If you would have your son, 
your brother, your husband, or your sweet- 
heart interested in nature, let him read 
Recreation. It costs only $1 a year and 
would make him happy twelve times a year. 


When a bird or a wild animal is killed, that is the end of 

and scientific value is 


About 30 years ago I was in upper Michi- 
gan with an Indian guide, still hunting deer. 
Snow had fallen to the depth of 15 or 18 
inches. I was trailing 4 deer from their 
feeding ground to their day beds. To my 
great surprise I came on the track of a 
lynx crossing the deer trail at a slight angle. 
The imprints were large and fresh, stepping 
into the deer track. 

Not caring much about the deer I decided 
to try for the lynx. The ground was open 
and a slight ridge lay in the direction the 
trail indicated. This I studied with the 
field glass, but failed to locate the lynx. I 
surmised he was after the deer for some 
purpose. Acting on this theory I again took 
up the deer trail with double caution. A 
little farther on a great crash and snapping 
of dry twigs told the story; the deer were 
gone. They could not have seen or winded 

I found the lynx had followed the deer 
as far as it deemed safe on the surface of 
the snow, and then ploughed a furrow deep 
enough to entirely conceal his approach to 
within 30 feet of one of the deer that was 
sleeping by a log. The others were in the 
tree top near.. 

The lynx had packed the snow solid with 
its hind feet to give a send off, and in 2 
bounds had landed on the deer's shoulder. 
Great tufts of hair on the snow told plainly 
that the deer was caught. After looking 
the ground over, I started on the trail again, 
hoping to kill the lynx. Soon I found a 
crimson spray on the snow. Then marks 
of a struggle, then a dead deer with its 
throat torn away. But the lynx was gone, 
and I realized at once that in following 
I had gone down wind. There was noth- 
ing to do but to return to camp with a 
new experience. 

L. D. Watkins, Lansing, Mich,, 

Yes, decidedly ! Some years ago while 
hunting in Manitoba I was trailing a jump- 
ing deer on a runway. It was just after 
sunrise and a fresh breeze was blowing 
from the deer to me. I had been trailing 
some distance and my deer had been walk- 
ing all the time, when suddenly he started 
off with a terrific bound and then stretched 
out into a wild run. I followed a little 
way and then went back to where he had 
started running and took a look around 
to see if there was any sight of anything 
that could have started him. Soon I no- 
ticed some fresh lynx tracks in the snow. 
They went up a long poplar tree that leaned 
across the path. I could see where the lynx 

it. If photographed, it may still live and its educational 
multiplied indefinitely. 

had made his spring and quickly decided 
to follow to see if I could find any trace 
of the deer or the lynx. After following 
the path probably a mile I found Mr, Lynx 
impaled on a broken limb of a spruce tree, 
which was also lodged across the path. The 
limb had been broken by the fall, leaving 
only a knot probably 10 inches long over 
the deer path. The deer had passed under 
but the lynx was pierced to the brain and 
was still hanging when I found him, with 
deer hair and blood all over his jaws. 

F. L. Wilson, Baker City, Oregon. 

The lynx stories in May Recreation re- 
mind me of an incident of my hunting trip 
2 years ago. My father and I were after 
deer in the Sunol foothills. One day, a 
little before sunrise, we started up the hill 
back of our camp for another try at deer. 
We had not gone 200 yards when a wildcat 
ran to a tree about 40 yards from us. He 
placed himself between a fork within a few- 
inches of the ground and so stood that 
only his head presented a mark to us. My 
father, standing a yard ahead of me, took 
the shot and missed by half an inch. The 
cat made off in a direction that kept father 
between him and me. Before I could get in 
a position to shoot, father had broken the 
cat's hind leg. Then it did not take me long 
to poke in a 255 grain bullet. My shot en- 
tered just behind the left shoulder, coming 
out the other side. The cat was large and 
his skin made a fine rug. 

John Obermuller, Hayward, Cal. 


I went over on the South Platte to fish, 
one day last summer, but found the water 
low and sluggish and practically no fish. 
The settlers along 11-Mile canyon, where 
I fished, startled me with the information 
that the beavers along the stream destroyed 
the fish. Beavers are protected in I 
rado and are numerous along this stream, 
as evidenced by dams and work on every 
hand. There is a good chance on the 
Platte' for the man who claims these warv 
animals can not be photographed alive, for 
he can stay on the train and take snap shots 
at 150 feet. 

How old do deer- live to be and i 
possible to tell their age by any marks 
about them? 

Colorado is still a great game country, 
and a paradise for lovers of outdoor life 
and mountain scenery. I saw deer, wild- 
cat, marten and beaver tracks, made the 




night before, only 49 miles from Colorado 


Geo. L. Cleaver, Colorado Springs, Colo. 


It is always dangerous to say what ani- 
mal's of a given species will not do, or 
never can do. Thus far, the world has no 
direct evidence that a beaver ever has eaten 
a raw fish. We are, however, all willing 
to believe that the beavers of the South 
Platte do eat fish ; but before we do so, 
we must have some direct evidence in 
proof of it. If a reliable observer should 
see a beaver eating a fish, or should kill 
a beaver with portions of a fish in its 
stomach, I am prepared to believe. Until 
such evidence is produced I beg leave 
to disbelieve the story that the beavers of 
11-Mile canyon are regularly catching fish 
for food. There must be some other cause 
for the disappearance of the fish. It is now 
well known that muskrats will at times eat 
flesh ; but the muskrat belongs to the rat 
and mouse family, Muridac, and practically 
all the members of that family are carni- 
vorous, when occasion demands. As far 
as known up to date, the beaver draws the 
line at fish. 

There is no mark, or marks, by which 
the age of a deer can be determined. As 
a general rule, a warm blooded animal at- 
tains an age equal to about 3 times the 
period it requires to reach full maturity. 
Usually, a deer reaches full maturity in its 
5th year. It is my belief that the average 
life of wild deer is about 15 years. 

W. T. H. 

Coons give a cry that is hard . to 
imitate, tremolo whistle beginning high 
and descending about 10 notes. It is a 
full round tone that can be heard a long 
distance. I have heard dozens of coons 
call, but never in the day time, nor after 
midnight. I never heard one call except 
when descending a tree. Have seen them 
on the ground, in trees, going up and 
coming down, when they were unconscious 
of my presence.. I have never seen a coon 
come down a tree in the evening without 
giving the peculiar cry. On a still night 
it can be heard half a mile. Coons are 
heard here nearly every night near the corn- 

I have seen and shot many gray squirrels 
and have seen them carrying ears of corn. 
Have seen 4 grays at once running from a 
cornfield to the woods, each having an ear 
of corn in its mouth. If chased hard they 
would drop the corn. Have known a red 
squirrel to gather over half a bushel of 
butternuts, besides hazel and beech nuts. 
1 see you flatly dispute F. E. Williams, of 
Minnesota.. As I had some experi- 

ence, have seen these things myself, 
and am ready to furnish witnesses to what 
] nave said, you can hardly disagree with 
hie. I have felled 20 or 30 trees in the 
past few years that had nests in them, and 
always found more food than you claim, 
unless food was scarce. 

I have seen grouse on the nest, on the 
drumming log, or rock, at the brook drink- 
ing, and wallowing in the dust, for they 
wallow the same as barnyard fowls. I 
think I can safely say I have shot 50 
grouse when drumming. Have been within 
10 feet of a drummer and have seen him 
drum while I stood there. He was in a dense 
growth of underbrush, and when he was 
quiet I stood still, but when he drummed 
I went toward him. I found the end of 
the log before I found the grouse. 

I am no great hunter nor trapper, but 
just a man with a natural love for nature 
and the inhabitants of our forests. Will 
correspond with any reader if he wishes to 
make inquiries. 

W, R. Collins, Stowe, Vt. 

The picture in August Recreation of the 
oriole hanging by the horse hairs from her 
nest reminds me of a similar case. One 
clay last June I was wheeling along the 
road and heard an oriole making distress 
calls in a maple tree overhanging the road- 
way. I saw she was in trouble, so I pro- 
cured a ladder and hatchet and cut the 
branch the nest was on. I found her fast 
in the hair that lined the nest; some was 
around her wing and some around her 
neck. I released her, and then I tied the 
branch back to its place, as the nest con- 
tained 4 nearly full fledged young birds. 
I hope they came out all right. The oriole 
is my favorite bird. I watch their coming 
and nesting every spring. Have always 
wondered where they go from here, as I 
never see any after about July 10. Do they 
go North after raising one brood, or do 
they change their plumage? An elm is 
their favorite tree to build in, with maple 
a close second. 1 saw one nest in a syca- 
more and one in an apple tree last year. 
M. W. C, Cleveland, O. 

One morning last spring I noticed some- 
thing hanging on a dead branch of a locust 
tree, swaying in the wind. On closer ex- 
amination I found it to be a robin hanging 
by a bit of cord. One end of the cord was 
in the bird's mouth, then there was one 
turn of the cord, around its neck and the 
other end was caught in a rough hitch 
around the limb. My first thought was 
that a child or some older vandal had hung 
the bird there. A little study, however, 
convinced me that was not the case. 
The victim had evidently been carrying the 



string to its unfinished nest when one end 
caught on the branch. The sudden stop- 
page of its flight had looped the slack cord 
around the robin's neck and strangled it. 
W. C. Cottright, Wyoming, Pa. 


Please name for me the 3 birds I shall 
describe : 

A small bird about the size of a canary; 
dark blue, almost indigo, all over, except 
the under part of its tail and wings, which 
are a brownish gray. 

A swallow which builds a nest on the 
rafters of buildings. The nest is made of 
mud and is open at the top. The bird is 
a little longer than a sparrow, but not so 
heavily built. The entire upper parts ap- 
pear black, but I think they are dark pur- 
ple. The under parts are light chestnut. 
The tail is long and deeply forked. The 
2 outer feathers are over 2 inches long. 
The others are shorter and have a white 
band across them,. 

A swallow that builds under the eaves. 
The nest is closed above, with a small 
hole leading in at the side. Birds are 
dark purple above, with a bright chestnut 
patch on the rump. Their under oarts 
are pale chestnut. There is a small white 
spot just above the beak on the forehead. 
Their tails are not forked and they are 
more heavily built than the other kind.. 
H. H. Clark, Maple Park, 111. 


Mr. C. William Beebe, assistant cura- 
tor of birds in the Zoological park, iden- 
tifies the birds described by Mr.. Clark, as 

Indigo bunting, Passcrina cyanca. 

Barn swallow, Chelidon erythrogaster. 

Cliff or eave swallow Petrochelidon 

Mr. Beebe says Mr. Clark has the rare 
gift of picking out the chief characteristics 
of a bird for identification. — Editor. 

In July Recreation C. W. Morgaridge 
asks for some light on the habits of the 
water ousel, saying he has detected this 
little acrobat in questionable tricks. Does 
he refer to the American dipper, Cinchus 
mexicanusf For 16 years, in Idaho, 
this jolly little fellow has been one of 
my most intimate avian friends, and dur- 
ing all that time I have never detected 
him doing anything that a decent and 
self-respecting bird should not do. I have 
sat hours beside some brawling mountain 
torrent and watched a pair of dippers feed- 
ing their young and have never seen so 
much as a minnow carried to the nest. 
Their food, during the breeding season, 

consists almost exclusively of the larvae 
of the salmon fly that abounds in all 
Western streams during that season. The 
bird is one of our few winter residents; 
descending from the higher mountain 
stream to the larger rivers where there 
is little danger of a sudden freeze shutting 
off its food supply. The examination of 
several crops of those killed during the 
winter showed an almost total absence of 
animal food, but a great deal of vegetable 
matter gathered from the rocks along the 
rivers and from drifts. Let no man injure 
one of these birds thinking thereby to per- 
petuate the trout supply. 

C. S, Moody, Sand Point. Ida. 

Several years ago, while snipe shooting, 
I saw a duck swimming on a small lake 
near here. Having secreted myself behind 
a stone wall I asked a friend to go around 
the lake and drive the duck across. This 
he did. and when about 8 rods from me, 
the bird rose almost perpendicularly from 
the water. I shot and killed it. I give 
color and measurements : Length, 18^4 
inches; wing, from first joint to tip, 10^2 
inches; tail $ l / 2 inches; tarsus, 1^4 inches. 
Head similar to that of black duck, only 
perhaps a little lighter; belly, white; breast, 
back and neck, a yellowish grey ; speculum, 
dark green, the first feather being nearly 
white ; crissum, white with brown spots ; 
bill, bluish ; feet and tarsus, dusky. 1 he 
bird resembles a gadwall more than any 
duck I know, and is evidently a river duck, 
as indicated by its hind toe. Should you 
be unable to identify it, kindly submit it 
to the readers of your excellent journal. 
W. A. Mead, Carmel, N, Y. 


The description answers more nearly to 
a female American widgeon or baldpate 
(Mareca americana) , or the female Europ- 
ean widgeon {Mareca penelopc), than to 
any other river duck. — Editor. 


I have read your answer to Mr. Morris. 
Also the letter by Mr. Lea in regard to the 
mule deer of the Northwest. I trapped 
one winter in California, and deer meat 
was one of our staple articles, both for food 
and for bait. We procured it from a spe- 
cies of deer that the natives called mule- 
tail, named, as they told me. from the 
long, bushy tail like unto a mule's tail new- 
ly trimmed. It is the only deer they have 
in that part of California and in Oregon; 
farther South and West, and in the coast 
range, can be found plenty of blacktail 
deer. I see the Universal dictionary de- 
fines mule deer as you do. A California 
writer defines mule deer as a hybrid of the 



elk and blacktail deer, and to judge from 
its size I should think he was right, i im- 
agine Mr. Lea killed his mule deer after the 
horns were dropped, as they are not noted 
for their large horns. I killed one near 
Happy Camp, Cal., that had 15 points, and 
1 saw the horns of one killed near Goose 
lake that had 22 points. 

E. M, Gravett, Gravett, Ark. 

That California writer should have a 
guardian and should be prevented from put- 
ting out any more such twaddle. — Editor. 

One evening, about dusk, I thought I 
heard the well known call of a quail. As 
the house in which I live is in the heart 
of the city, and almost adjoining a large 
department store, I decided it was fancy 
only, as all day my mind had dwelt on what 
an ideal day it was to be afield. How- 
ever, I opened my window and gave the 
3 successive calls quails use in the fall, 
when I was immediately answered. I re- 
peated the call, and the answer came near- 
er, till suddenly it ceased. I hurried out 
to the street, only to meet my landlady's 
little boy with a hen quail in his hands, 
which he said he had just caught in Park- 
way, it having apparently become dazed 
by the electric light. It was in no way 
crippled and is alive yet. It will be liber- 
ated as soon as any of us go into the coun- 
try. I am wondering how it got here. 
Bunny, Allegheny, Pa. 

In August Recreation you defend squir- 
rels against the charge of stealing corn, 
and you ask for more evidence. A negro 
in this State planted a patch of corn ad- 
joining a piece of pine sapling land. About 
the time he shocked the crop, domestic 
trouble caused him to abandon his home 
and the squirrels harvested his corn. They 
carried all the good ears to the tops of 
saplings and hung them there, turning back 
the husks, but not cutting them off. I have 
thrown seed corn in the cob on the piazza 
of my house and watched the squirrels 
carry it up into the live oaks about the 
place. I protect squirrels so far as I can, 
and if I testify against them in this case 
it is merely to answer your question. 

C. S. Johnson, Beaufort, S. C. 

I have been a squirrel hunter many 
years and have often been told that, es- 
pecially in a dry season, I should go near 
water to find squirrels. I have yet to see 
a squirrel drink water and have never met 
a man who had seen them drink. Should 
like to hear from brother sportsmen on 
this subject 

R. B. Stowers, Cupio, Ky. 

Inkie takes a good long drink every day 

of his life, often from a cup or a glass held 
by some of his many human friends, and I 
have often seen other tame squirrels drink. 
— Editor. 

The strange noise described bv Mr. Co- 
vert in March Recreation was certainly 
made by a species of sucker. Some 4 years 
ago my cousin and I were fishing just 
above the Elkadei dam, on Turkey river, 
in Iowa. A lot of foam and drift wood 
had floated up to the dam. Under the 
debris in one particular place we heard the 
peculiar sound. My cousin struck the soot 
with our canoe paddle and a good sized red- 
horse came to the top, but before we could 
pick it up it came to and darted away. 

J. P. Jaeger, Independence, la. 

In August Recreation Edwin I. Haines 
tells of finding the grey cheeked thrush in 
the Catskills. Is it not much more prob- 
able that he saw, not the grey cheeked 
thrush, whose breeding range is said to be 
Labrador and Northwestward to Alaska, 
but the sub-species, T. a. bicknelli, or Bick- 
nell's thrush ; a bird which closely re- 
sembles the other and is known to breed 
on several of the highest points of the Cats- 
kills? I. McC. L., Haines Falls, N. Y. 

I think it a fact that of a pair of mal- 
lards, the duck generally takes flight before 
the drake. I have noticed, when duck 
shooting, that birds dropped with the first 
barrel were seldom, if ever, drakes. 

I can match Mr. Thatcher's story of the 
snake that ate corn. A few years ago, 
while husking corn, I found a large garter 
snake under a shock, and killed it. Its 
stomach was completely filled with shelled 
corn. H. C. Beahler, Chicago, 111. 

This week I went to a stationer's to get 
a copy of a weekly sporting paper published 
in New York and devoted to fish and game 
topics, as there was some curiosity in my 
mind regarding the stand the paper was 
taking on the game hog question. I have 
not taken the paper for some years. The 
stationer told me there was so little call for 
it that he had cut out his order. I never 
miss a number of Recreation, but I was 
looking for information, so I asked him if 
he kept that magazine.. His answer was 
pithy and to the point : "We certainly do. 
Recreation sells." 

Henry A. Allen, Minneapolis, Minn. 

A yearly subscription to Recreation is 
one of the most practicable and useful 
presents you could possibly give a man or 
a boy who is interested in nature study, 
fishing, hunting, or amateur photography. 
It costs only $1 a year, and would make 
him happy 12 times a year. 



President, G. O. Shields, 23 VV. 24th St., New 

1st Vice-President, E. T. Seton, 80 West 
40th St., New York. 

2d Vice-President, W. T. Hornaday, 2969 
Decatur Ave., Bedford Park, N. Y. 

jd Vice-President, Dr. T. S. Palmer, Dept. of 
Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 

4th Vice-President, A. A. Anderson. 6 East 
38th St., New York. 

$th Vice-President, Hon. W.A.Richards, Gen- 
eral Land Office, Washington, I). C. 

Secretary, A. F. Rice, 155 Pennington Ave., 
Passaic, N. J. 

Treasurer, Austin Corbin, of the Corbin Bank- 
ing Co., 192 Broadway, New York City. 


.M.J. Foley, Chief Warden, Jerome. 
\V. K. Blockson, Chief Warden, Mena. 

Dr. David Starr Jordan, Chief Warden, Leland 
Stanford University. C. Barlow, Sec-Treas., Santa 


A. Whitehead, Chief Warden, 303 Tabor Building, 

Hon. F. P. Sherwood, Chief Warden, Southport; 
Dr. H. L. Ross, Vice-Warden, Canaan; H. C. Went, 
Sec-Treas., Bridgeport. 


C. H.Townsend, Chief Warden, U. S. Fish Com- 


W. W. K. Decker, Chief Warden, Tarpon Springs 


J. J. Doughty, Chief Warden, Augusta. 


L. A. Kerr, Chief Warden, Kendrick 


M. D. Ewell, M.D., Chief Warden, 59 Clark St., 
Chicago ; F. M . Taber, Vice Warden, 144 Kinzie 
St., Chicago; G. C. Davis, Sec-Treas., 123 S. Central 
Ave., Austin. 


Frank L. Littleton, Chief Warden, 30^ East 
Washington St., Indianapolis ; J. J. Hildebrandt, 
Vice Warden, Logansport ; T. J. Carter, Sec-Treas., 
State House, Indianapolis. 


Carl Quimby, Chief Warden, Des Moines; C. C. 
Proper, Sec-Treas., Des Moines. 


O. B. Stocker, Chief Warden, Wichita; A. J. 
Applegate, Sec-Treas., 113 E. 1st St., Wichita 

Geo. C. Long, Chief Warden. Hopkinsville. 
R. L. Brashear, Sec-Treas., Bowling Green. 

Col. E. C. Farrington, Chief Warden. Augusta. 

Hernan S. Fay, Chief Warden, Hazleton Block, 
Marlboro; J. E. Tweedy, Vice-Warden, North Attle- 
boro: A. C. Lamson, Sec-Treas., 194 Main St., 

J . Elmer Pratt, Chief Warden, Grand Rapids ; R. S . 
Woodliffe, Vice-Warden, Jackson ; A. B. Richmond, 
Sec-Treas., Grand Rapids. 


Dietrich Lange, Chief Warden, 2294 Commonwealth 

St Paul; H. A. Moigan, Vice- Warden, Albert Lea; 
A. R. Bixby, Sec-Treas., 101 Baldwin St., St. Paul. 

Bryan Snyder, Chief V/arden, 726 Central Bldg.. 
St. Louis. 

Professor M. J. Elrod, Chief Warden, Missoula: 
Sidney M. Logan, Vice- Warden, Kalispell ; R. A 
Waagner, Sec-Treas., Bozeman. 

Fred. E. Mockett, Chief Warden, Lincoln ; P. 
O'Mahony, Sec-Treas., Lincoln. 


Dr. W. H. Caveli, Chief Warden, Carson. 
Geo. W. Ciwing, Sec-Treas., Carson. 

Dr. A. F. Barrett, Sentinel Bldg., Keene, 
Sidney Conant Sec-Treas., Keene. 

A. W. Van Saun, Chief Warden, Pompton Plains; 
Dr. W. S. Colfax, Vice- Warden, Pompton Lakes ; I 
V. Dorland, Sec-Treas., Arlington. 


W. M. Borrowdale, Chief Warden Magdalena. 

John R. Fanning, Chief Warden, Powers' Bldg., 
Rochester; Col. K. E. Mo«s, Vice- Warden, Wallack's 
Theatre, New York City; Dr. C. C. Curtis, Sec- 
Treas, Columbia College, New York City. 

Dr. W. D. Jones, Chief Warden, Devil's Lake. 


W. E. Gleason. Chief Warden, Mitchell Bldg., 
Cincinnati; A. C Thatcher, Vice- Warden, Urbana. 
W. M. Grant. Chief Warden, Oklahoma City. 

C. A. Hammond, Chief Warden, Box 701, St. 
Thomas; D. L. Mells, Sec-Treas., St. Thomas. 


Robert F. Kelly, Chief Warden, Box 188, The 
Dalles; C. B. Cushing, Sec-Treas., The Dalles. 


C. F. Emerson, Chief Warden, 189 N. Perry St., 
Titusville; Hon. C B. Penrose, Vice-Warden, 1720 
Spruce St., Philadelphia; E. Wager-Smith, Sec- 
Treas., 1026 Ridge Ave., Philadelphia. 


Zenas W. Bliss, Chief Warden, 49 Westminster St., 


C. F. Dill, Chief Warden, Greenville. 


D. C. Booth, Chief Warden, Spearfish; John C. 
Barber, Sec-Treas., Lead. 

Hon. G. C. Martin, Chief Warden, Clarksville; 
Hon. Austin Peay, Jr.. Sec-Treas., Clarksville. 


Prof. S. W. Stanfield, Chief Warden, San Marcos 
W. E. Heald, Sec-Treas., San Angelo. 

Hon. John Sharp, Chief Warden, Salt Lake City. 

W. E Mack, Chief Warden, Woodstock; S. C; 
White, Sec-Treas., Woodstock. 

Franklin Stearns, Chief Warden, 13 N. nth St., 
C. O. Saville, Vice Warden, Richmond; M. D. Hart 
Sec-Treas., 1217 East Main St., Richmond. 

F. S. Merrill, Chief Warden, Spokane ; F.A.Pon- 
tius, Sec-Treas., Seattle; Munro Wyckoff, Vice-War- 
den, Pt. Townsend. 




E. F. Smith, Chief Warden, Hinton, 

Frank Kaufman Chief Warden, Two Riveis; Dr. 
A. Cropper, Sec- 1 reas., Milwaukee. 
H. E. Wadsworth. Chief Warden, Lander; Frank 
Bond, Sec.-Treas., Cheyenne. 

Applications for membership and orders for badges 
should be addressed to Arthur F. Rice, Secretary, 23 IV. 
24th St., New York. 

County. Name of Warden. Address. 

New York, Conrad L. Meyer, 46 W. Broadway. 
Livingston M. De La Vergne, Lakeville. 

K.S. Chamberlain, Mt. Morris. 
Albany, C.D.Johnson. Newtonville. 

" Henry T.Newman, 

" Kenneth E. Bender, Albany. 

Broome, John Sullivan. Sanitaria Springs 

R. R. Mathewson, Binghamton. 




H. M. Haskell, Weedsport. 
Fred Uhle. Hendy Creek, 

M. A. Baker, EJmira. 

James Edwards, Cortland, 
E. P. Dorr, 103 D. S. Morgan 

Building, Buffalo. 
Marvin H. Butler, Morilla. 
W. H. Broughton, Moriah. 
Jas. Eccles, St. Regis Falls. 

Montgomery, Charles W Scharf, Canajoharie, 




J. M. Scoville, Clinton. 
Wilso'. Urans. Middletown. 

J. Hampton Kidd, Newburgh. 
Thomas Harris, PortJervis. 
Lewis Morris, Port Richmond. 

St. Lawrence, Dr. B.W. Severance, Gouverneur. 








A.N. Clark, 
J. W. Furnside, 
F. J. Fellows, 
P. F. Tabor, 
Geo. Wood, 
A. S. Temple, 
J. E. Barber, 
George Poth, 
Chas. Seacor, 

M. W. Smith, 
Ralph Gorham, 

A. B. Miller, 

James Lush, 

B. L. Wren, 
Symour Poineer, 

Chas. H. DeLong, 
Jacob Tompkins, 



Central Islip, L. I. 

Orient, L. I. 


Sanely Hill. 




57 Pelham Road, 

New Rochelle. 
Croton Falls. 

Jackson's Corners' 

Penn Van. 
Branch Port. 

Gerard Van Nostrand, Flushing, L. I 
W. S. Mygrant, 46 Elton Street, 


















P. A. Geepel, 

L. B. Drowne, 

M. A. DeVall, 
Wm. S. Mead, 
T). F. Sperry, 
J. E. Manning, 
H. L. Brady, 
G. C Fordham, 
G. A. Thomas, 
O. E Eigen, 
Geo. McEch'on, 
J.H. Fearby, 
W. J Soper. 

A. Dangeleisen, 
Brook L. Terry, 

A. W. Hitch, 

Fred C. Ross, 

David Sutton, 

L. C. Berry, 
W.C. Rippey, 

473 Grand Ave., 

Astoria, L. I. 
119 Somers Street. 

The Corners. 
Old Forge. 
154 West Utica St. 
M ahopac Flails. 
Sharon Springs. 
Glen Falls. 
E. Shelby. 
208 Woodward Av., 

161 Osborn St., 
169 W. Main St., 

. Springfield. 
418 Jackson St., 


4465 Eastern Ave., 

Name of Warden. Address. 

S. W. Knisely, Lima. 
Grant Phillips, Mt. Vernon. 
T. J. Bates, Elyria. 

Frank B. Shirley, Lakeside. 
Frank D. Abell, Zanesville. 
J. F. Kelley, Portsmouth. 

Fairfield, George B. Bliss. 2 Park Row, Stam- 

ford, Ct. 
11 Park St., Bridge- 
port, Ct. 
Box J73, fetratford. 
P. O. Box 100, Ca- 
, naan, Ct. 
Sandford Brainerd I von ton. 
Wilbur E. Beach, 318 Chapel Street, 
New Haven, Ct. 
D. J. Ryan, 188 Elizabeth St., 

Norfolk, Orlando McKenzie, Norfolk. 

J.J. Blick, Wrentham 

S. W. Fuller, East Milton. 

Suffolk, Capt. W. J. Stone. 4 Tremont Row 

Worcester, B. H. Mosher, Athol. 









New Haven, 

Harvey C. Went, 

Samuel Waklee, 
Dr. H. L. Ross, 































Jos. Ashmore, 
Edw. Vanderbilt, 
Roland Mitchell, 

124 Taylor St., 


739 Centre St., 

Pompton Plains. 

Joseph Pellet, 
Chas. W. Blake, 
Francis E. Cook, 
Calone Orr, 
G. E. Morris, 
Isaac D. Williams, 
A. H. Miller, 
CM. Hawkins, 

ife^Tafner, I ™llipsbur g . 

Dory-Hunt, Wanaque. 

A. W. Letts, 51 Newark St.. 


John Noll, 
Samuel Sundy, 

F. P. Sweet. 
Nelson Holmes, 
Clifford Singer, 
Ezra Phillips, 

G. D. Benedict, 
Ira Murphy, 
Wiley Barrows, 
Chas. Barrows, 
Jasper Tillotson, 
Geo. T. Meyers, 
J. B. Lamb. 


Goodwill Hill. 
Oakland Mills. 

720 Coleman 
Beaver Falls. 


F. J. Forquer, 


N. H. Covert, 

W. R. Keefer, 

C. A. Duke, 

L. P. Fessenden, 

Wm. Holsinger, 

Wm. Weir, 

Wm. Major. 

Asa D. Hontz, 


Cyrus Walter, 

E. B. Beaumont, Jr., 

G. H. Simmons, 

Jas. J. Brennan, 

B. D. Kurtz, 

Walter Lusson, 

L.C. Parsons, 

Geo. B. Loop, 

Isaac Keener, 

Harry Hemphill, 

M.C. Kepler, 

Geo. L. Kepler, 
[G. W. Roher, 
( 505 Anthracite St., Shamokin. 

D. R. Lobaugh, Ridgway. 

Duke Center. 



East Mauch Chunk. 


Lawrence ville. 


New Bethlehem. 




County. Name of Warden. Address. 

Ottawa, W. H. Dunham, Drenthe. 

Kalamazoo, C. E. Miller, Augusta. 

Berrien, W. A. Palmer, Buchanan. 

Cass, Thomas Dewey, Dowagiac. 

Hillsdale, C. A. Stone, Hillsdale. 

Lake, John Trieber, Peacock, 


Mecklenburg, J.H.Ogburn, . South Hil. 
King William, N.H Montague, Palls. 
Smythe, J.M.Hughes, Chatham Hill. 

King & Queen, R. D. Bates, Newtown. 

Louisa, J. P. Harris, Applegrove. 

Henrico, W. J. Lynham, 412 W. Marshall. 

East Rockingham, E.J.Carickhoff, Harrisonburg. 


Fremont, Nelson Yarnall, Dubois. 

TT - f , (S. N. Leek, 

Uinta, | F. L. Peterson, 

Carbon, Kirk Dyer, 

Laramie, Martin Breither, 


J Jackson. 

Medicine Bow. 






West Bridgewater. 
Derby Line. 

W. G. Harris, Gallatin. 

John H. Lory, Bear Spring. 

C. C. Bell, Springfield. 

P. W. Humphrey, Clarksville. 

H.T. Rushing, Jackson. 


Hall, E. C. Statler, Grand Island 

Cheshire, S. C. Ellis, Keene. 

Sullivan, G. A. Blake, Lempster. 

J. W.Davidson, Charlestown. 

Rutland, Wm. J. Liddle, Box 281, Fair Haven 

Windsor, F. A. Tarbell, 

Orleans, E. G.Moulton, 

Essex, H. S. Lund, 

Rock Island, D. M. Slottard, 12th Ave. and 17th 

St., Moline. 
Iroquois, J. L. Peacock, Sheldon. 

Kiowa and Comanche Nation, 

A.C.Cooper, Ft. Sill. 

Clinton, D. L. Pascol, Grand Mound. 

Pottawattamie, Dr. C. Engel, Crescent. 

Okanogan, James West, Methow. 

Stevens Co., Jacob Martin, Newport. 

Washington, S. C. Goddard. New Harmony. 


Albert Lea, Minn., H. A. Morgan, 

Angelica, N. Y., C. A. Latnrop, 
Augusta, Mont., H. Sherman, 
Austin, Minn., G. F. Baird, 

Austin, Pa., W. S. Warner, 

Boston, Mass., Capt. W. I. Stone, 

Buffalo N.Y., H.C.Gardiner, 

Cammal, Pa.. B. A. Ovenshire. 

Champaign Co., O. Hy. F. MacCracken 

Charlestown, N. H., W. M. Buswell, 
Ch ^yenne, Wyo., J. Hennessy, 

Rear Warden. 

G. A. Gorham, 
B.W Morris, 
1 L. Murphy, 
J. L. Piatt, 
J. Heltzen, 
W.F. Hoyt, 

Choteau, Mont., 
Cincinnati, Ohio, 
Coudersport, Pa., 
Cresco, Iowa, 
Davis, W.Va., 
Dowagiac, Mich- 
East Mauch Chunk,Pa., E. F. Pry, 
Evansville, Ind., F. M. Gilbert, 
Fontanet, Ind., W.H.Perry, 

Ft. Wayne, Ind., W. L. Waltemarth 
Great Falls, Mont., T. M. Gaunt, 
Heron L^ke, Minn., K. C. Buckeye, 
Hollidaysb'g, Pa., H. D. Hewit, 
Hopkinsville, Kv., Hunter Wood, 
Indianapolis, Ind., Joseph E. Bell, 
Jerome, Ariz., Dr. L. A. Hawkins, 

iohnsonburg. Pa., W. J. Stebbins, 
.alispell, Mont., Tohn Eakright, 
Keene, N. H.. F. P. Beedle, 

Kingfisher, Okla., • 
Lake Co., Ind., 
Lawton, O. T., 
Logansport, Ind., 
Ludington, Mich., 
Mechanicsburg, Pa., 
Minturn, Colo., 
New Aloany, Ind., 
New Bethlehem, Pa 
Penn Yan, N. Y., 
Princeton, Ind., 
Reynoldsville, Pa., 
Ridgway, Pa., 
Kochester, N. Y., 
St Paul, Minn., 
St. Thomas, Ont., 
Schenectady, i\ . Y., 
Seattle, Wash., 
Syracuse, N. Y., 
Terre Haute, Ind., 
The Dalles, Ore., 
Walden, N.Y., 
Wichita, Kas., 
Winona, Minn., 

A. C. Ambrose, Rear Warden. 

Dr. R.C. Mackey, 

Marion Miller, " 

E. B.McConnell, 

G. R. Cartier, " 

Dr. J. H.bwartz, " 

A. B. Walter, 

Dr. J. F. Weathers, " 

., Isaac Keener, " 

Dr. H. R. Phillips, 

H. A. Y eager, " 

C F. Hoffman, 

T.J. Maxwell, 

C H McChesney " 



J. W. Furnside, " 

M. Kelly, 

C. C Truesdeir, 

CJ. F. Thiede, 

C. B. Cushing. " 

J. W. Reid, 

Gerald Volk, 

C. M. Morse, 


The following firms have agreed to give 
members of the L. A. S. a discount of 2 
per cent, to 10 per cent, on all goods bought 
of them. In ordering please give L. A, S. 

Syracuse Arms Co., Syracuse, N. Y. Guns. 
Davenport Fire Arms Co., Norwich, Conn. Shot 

guns, rifles. 
Gundlach Optical Co., Rochester, N. Y. Photographic 

Blair Camera Co., Rochester, N.Y. Photographic goods. 
The Bostwick Gun and Sporting Goods Co., 1528 

Arapahoe St., Denver, Col. 
James Acheson, Talbot St.. St. Thomas, Ontario, 

Sporting goods. 
Jespersen & Hines, 10 Park Place, New York City 


W. D. Ellis, 136 W. ?2d street, New York City. 
A. F. Rice, 155 Pennington avenue, Passaic, N. J. 
Dr. W. A. Valentine, 5 W. 35th street, New York 

A. A. Anderson, 6 E. 38th street, New York City. 
A. V. Fraser, 478 Greenwich street, New York 


E. S. Towne, care National Bank Book Co., Hol- 

yoke, Mass. 

F. G. Miller, 108 Clinton street, Defiance, Ohio. 
Gen. J. F. Pierson, 20 W. 5 2d street, New York 

E. T. Seton, 80 W. 40th street, New York City. 
J. H. Seymour, 35 Wall street. New York City. 
A. G. Nesbitt, Maple street, Kingston, Pa. 
D. C. Beard, 204 Amity street, Flushing, L. I. 

C. H. Ferry, 1720 Old Colony Bldg., Chicago, 111. 
Hon. Levi P. Morton, 681 5th avenue, New York 

H. Williams, P. O. Box 156, Butte, Mont. 

D. B. Fearing, Newport, R. I. 

E. H. Dickinson, Moosehead Lake, Me. 
Lorenzo Blackstone, Norwich, Conn. 

A. L. Prescott, 90 W. Broadway, New York City. 

G. S. Edgell, 192 Broadway, New York City. 
W. B. Mershon, Saginaw, Mich. 

Hon. H. W. Carey, East Lake, Mich. 

George Carnegie, Fernandina, Fla. 

Andrew Carnegie, 2nd, F'ernandina, Fla. 

Morris Carnegie, Fernandina, Fla. 

W. L. Underwood, 52 Fulton street, Boston, Mass. 

C. E. Butler, Jerome, Ariz. 

Mansfield Ferry, 183 Lincoln Park, Boulevard, 

Chicago, 111. 
Austin Corbin, 192 Broadway, New York City. 
J. Stanford Brown, 480 Fifth Ave., New York City. 
W. H. Smith. Bryn Mawr. Pa. 
E. B.Smith, Bourse Pldg. Philadelphia, Pa. 
A. T. McClure, i<:8 State street. Albany, N. Y. 
T. Walter Thompson, Times Bldg . New York City. 

There are thousands of men in the 
United States who should he life mem- 
bers. Why don't they join? Will some- 
one please take a club and wake them up? 




Kingfisher, Okla.. 
Editor Recreation : 

From the enclosed circular which has 
been printed in all the newspapers of this 
county you will see what efforts we are 
making to protect the game. The facts 
regarding the slaughter of quails in our 
county last year are stated in the circular, 
and the L. A. S. members determined they 
should not be repeated this season. We 
have watched closely and so far as we know 
no quails have been shot or sold illegally 
this fall. 

A. C. Ambrose, rear warden of our chap- 
ter, and county deputy, appointed by the 
Territorial warden, has made several con- 
victions for seining and one for shooting 
doves, one day before the season opened. 
This act cost a young man of this city $25. 
Mr. Ambrose has several deputies under 
him, scattered over the county and is doing 
good work. He plays no favorites. 

F. D. Dakin. 

The circular referred to reads thus : 

$10 REWARD. 

The above reward will be paid by the 
League of American Sportsmen of this 
county to each and every person who will 
furnish convicting evidence against viola- 
tors of the fish and game laws of the Ter- 
ritory, or the National law commonly 
known as the Lacey law. 

This League was formed for the 
purpose of protecting the game and de- 
serves the hearty co-operation of everyone, 
especially the farmers of this county, who 
each year are annoyed by trespassers and 
market hunters, who care little whether 
they shoot quails or stock. 

The L. A. S. has been informed that 
5,000 quails were slaughtered by 2 market 
hunters of this vicinity before the season 
opened last year and that those quails were 
shipped out of the Territory in violation 
of law. 

All such game hogs will be watched this 
year, and if caught violating the law must 
suffer the penalty. All persons who are 
known as shippers of game are warned of 
the penalty for violating the law, and the 
above reward of $10 will be paid for evi- 
dence that will convict any firm or indi- 
vidual of shipping game contrary to law. 
This county has a game warden and sev- 
eral deputies, who are sworn to do their 
duty, and, who will do it, and persons 
who violate the law will be prosecuted 
without fear or favor. All hotels and 
eating houses are warned not to serve quails 
till the 15th day of October, when the birds 
can be legally sold. 

The farmers of this county are again re- 
quested and invited to join this League. 
It will be to their interest, and their co- 
operation would greatly strengthen the L. 
A. S. in its efforts to protect the game 
and enforce the laws. 

The Blair county branch of the League of 
American Sportsmen continues to gather in vio- 
lators of the game law throughout the county, on 
evidence secured by its special officers. Two cul- 
prits were arraigned before Justice John M. Delo- 
zier, of East Freedom, for offenses during the 
close season just ended. Charles Smith, who lives 
in the vicinity of Blue Knob, pleaded guilty to 
killing a pheasant out of season, and was sen- 
tenced to pay a fine of $25 and costs. Frank 
Smith pleaded guilty before the same magistrate 
to a charge of hunting on Sunday, and was also 
sentenced to pay a fine of $25 and costs. The 
prosecutions were brought by Special Officer 
Hoenstine, of Freedom township. These cases 
make a total of 12 convictions for violation of the 
game and fish laws secured throughout the county 
during the past season through the efforts of the 
League. — Altoona, Pa., Tribune. 

Here is another chapter of the League 
which really does things. If all the puny, 
weak kneed, weak spined, alleged sports- 
men throughout the country who clamor 
for officers and money with which to en- 
force their game and fish laws would join 
the League and work as these Blair county 
men are working, they would solve the 
problem of game protection, just as these 
men have solved it. God helps those who 
help themselves. So does the League. — Ed. 

Enclosed clipping is from the Chronicle 
Telegraph; and thus the good work goes 

J. C. Logue, Wikinsburg, Pa. 

Altoona. — The county branch of the League ot 
American Sportsmen is fulfilling its mission. As 
a result affairs throughout the county in the mat- 
ter of game protection were never so good as 
this year. The law is being strictly enforced. 
It required several prosecutions to convince cer- 
tain people that the League meant business, 
however, and in each case heavy fines were im- 
posed. At a meeting of the executive com- 
mittee it was decided that all constables of town- 
ships who either neglected or refused to return 
all violations of the game and fish laws in their 
respective bailiwicks should be prosecuted and a 
committee was appointed to see that they were 

The next annual meeting of the League 
will be held in St. Paul, Minnesota, Wed- 
nesday, February 11, 1903. All Chief 'War- 
dens, Vice-Wardens and Secretary-Treas- 
urers are eligible to membership in this as- 
sembly. In addition to these, each division 
is entitled to the privilege of sending one 
delegate for each 200 members or fraction 
thereof on its rolls October 1, 1902. It is 
to be hoped that all divisions will be fully 
and strongly represented at this meeting. 



Director of the New York School of Forestry, Cornell University, assisted by Dr. John C. Gifford of the same 


It takes 30 years to grow a tree and 30 minutes to cut it down and destroy it. 



Of the Philippine Forestry Service. 


The advisability of a systematic working 
of the Indian forests had frequently been 
urged during the earliest days of forest 
administration, but until Sir Diedrich Bran- 
dis arrived in Burma no practical steps were 
taken toward this end. Brandis set himself 
the task of ascertaining by means of numer- 
ous linear valuation surveys, the available 
growing stock in the forests under his 
charge and trained his associates to help 
him in the work. On the basis of the esti- 
mates thus formed and by the analyses of 
numerous stumps and logs, he calculated 
the annual possibility and framed prelimi- 
nary working plans. They were plans 
drawn up on somewhat general lines, but 
were prepared with extreme caution and 
hardly ever erred on the side of over ex- 
ploitation. These plans were used as guides 
for many years and were deviated from 
only when more detailed inquiries proved 
that any particular forest tract was able to 
produce a larger yield than had previously 
been supposed. 

The general protection of the Indian for- 
ests was, at the outset, a matter of great 
difficulty, as the people had first to be taught 
that causing injury to the forest constituted 
an offense. In Burma it was quite usual 
to fell trees to collect cigarette wrappers. 
Areas amounting to thousands of square 
miles were everywhere annually destroyed 
by axe and fire for the sake of reaping one 
or perhaps 2 crops of cereals. Cattle and 
goats were grazed unchecked and forests 
were burned over to provide more extensive 
grazing grounds. Boundaries of forest 
property, though frequently shown on the 
map and sometimes indicated on the 
ground, had no particular meaning ; and 
the forests inside the boundaries were mal- 
treated in the same manner as those out- 

Fire protection is the most important and 
difficult problem with which the Indian 
forester has to deal. The nature of the cli- 
mate favors the spread of fire. During the 
hot, rainless season the forests are filled 
with dry leaves, herbs and grass, and be- 
come as inflammable as tinder. This state 
of the forests is bad, but the foresters have 
also to oppose the ancient native custom of 

firing grass lands and forests alike in order 
to clear away rank vegetation and make 
place for a new grass crop. In certain 
provinces almost general conflagrations are 
the chief reason for the barren character 
of so many of our Indian hill ranges and 
are more closely connected with famine 
than is usually supposed. An unfounded 
disbelief in the destructiveness of forest 
fires has also had to be opposed. It has 
been repeatedly argued that good forests 
exist and produce marketable timber which 
from ancient times have been overrun by 
jungle fires. 

The annual cost of fire protection is at 
present a little above $75,000 and amounts 
to less than 2 per cent, of the gross revenue. 
The work of fire protection begins early in 
the season with the cutting of grass, herbs 
and bushes on the fire lanes. When the ma- 
terial cut has become dry enough to burn 
it is burned at night. 

Not only has the tree growth been bene- 
fited by fire protection, but the supply of 
grass and fodder has been increased, which 
is a great advantage to the surrounding 
agricultural population. The natives have 
even begun to appreciate this and have 
turned out en masse, unsolicited in some 
cases, to protect the government forest 
property against approaching jungle fires. 
The denser vegetation which follows fire 
protection almost immediately has had a 
most beneficial influence in counteracting 
erosion and preventing land slips and sud- 
den floods ; and the beds of rivulets from 
fire protected forests flow in narrower and 
better defined channels. 

The nomadic and semi-nomadic habits of 
a great proportion of the people of India 
present another difficulty with which the 
Indian forest officers have to deal. From 
ancient times the natives have grazed their 
cattle, sheep and goats on all waste lands 
and forests wherever they chose. Since 
reserves were established one of the most 
important questions has alv/ays been to fix 
the kind and number of cattle to be grazed 
on each forest area. Grass being a com- 
modity largely needed, the forests must, 
to a great extent, be managed with the ob- 
ject of growing grass kept in view, and 
almost all working plans are framed in 
accordance with the grazing requirements 
of the country. Fire protection and closures 
against grazing have, on several occasions 
of fodder famines, proved a great boon to 




the country and saved the lives of many 
thousands of cattle. 

In India it is necessary to rely almost 
entirely on natural reproduction of the for- 
ests. The forest areas are too vast and the 
average cash revenue per acre is too insig- 
nificant to warrant a more intensive man- 
agement. The necessary trained staff of 
foresters is too small to carry on planting 
operations to any great extent. All that it 
is possible to do in the majority of cases 
is to protect against fire, grazing and other 
harmful interference to forest growth and 
to exploit the forests in such a manner 
as to give natural reproduction the best 
possible chance. 

When the forests are put under regular 
management they are usually found in a 
bad state. Improvement cuttings are pre- 
scribed from the lightest thinnings of unde- 
sirable species, to heavy cuttings removing 
all but seed trees of desirable species and 
depending on coppice and seedlings to re- 
cover the ground. Even more or less de- 
nuded areas within the deciduous zone re- 
quire rarely anything but seed to ultimately 
reclothe them with forest growth. Broad- 
cast sowings are often successful. The 
bamboo is a nuisance, as it is in the way of 
and prevents reproduction. About the only 
way to get rid of it is to wait for the bam- 
boo to flower, seed and die and then sow 
seed of teak or other species desired, un- 
der the bamboo. 

In the reproduction of teak, the areas to 
be. treated are first fire traced, then burned 
and cleared by fire. Teak and cutch seed 
are dibbled in plentifully and as many nurs- 
ery plants set out as are available. This 
method may be applied only where the ex- 
isting young growth is poor enough to ex- 
cuse its being sacrificed. Otherwise the 
use of fire in clearing must be dispensed 
with. Some 4,000 acres have been stocked 
with teak in this manner since 1880. 

A taungya is a piece of ground that has 
been cleared and cultivated for a few years 
and then abandoned by the natives. The 
land cleared for taungyas within the gov- 
ernment forests, according to recent legisla- 
tion, must be planted to teak before it is 
abandoned. The government often assists 
in this by supplying seeds or nursery ma- 
terial. As a result of this system 52,000 
acres had been planted in teak up to 1900. 

Girdling and felling of inferior trees in 
order to make room for teak, deodar, sal 
padouk, etc., should be done only in fire 
protected regions, since forest fires will up- 
set the object of the thinnings and be made 
fiercer by the debris left from the thin- 

Creeper cutting is an important duty of 
the Indian forester. The efficiency of the 
forest officer is often gauged by the absence 
of creepers in his beat. The usefulness of 

climbers in holding and shading the soil 
is considered important by some. A writer 
in the Indian Forester says : "No climbers 
should be cut on steep banks or in other 
places save when actually on a tree or with- 
in 10 feet of one ; and this does not apply 
to inferior species of trees." 

Trees attacked by epiphytic fici must be 
felled as soon as found attacked. 

Thinnings are mainly restricted to arti- 
ficial plantations because of the lack of 
foresters sufficiently trained to do the work. 
Improvement fellings made with a view of 
increasing the proportion of healthy, prom- 
ising stems in the crop, have been carried 
on wherever a demand for the produce of 
the felling exists; or in the absence of such 
demand to the extent to which funds and 
superintendance were available. 


There is a strong movement on foot in 
New England to have a National park es- 
tablished in the White mountains. A com- 
mittee has been appointed to present the 
matter to Congress. 

The title Forest Engineer, which was first 
conferred by the New York State College 
of Forestry in 1902, is growing in favor 
throughout this country. 

If you wish to make a present to a man 
or boy who is interested in shooting, fish- 
ing, amateur_photography, or nature study, 
give him a year's subscription to Recrea- 
tion. Nothing you can possibly buy for $1 
would give him so much pleasure as 12 is- 
sues of this magazine. Come early and 
avoid the rush. 

Stranger — What wonderful tales old 
Blinks relates ! He must have been a great 
traveler in his day. 

Native — He was never outside the county 
in his life, but his mind has wandered for 
years. — Chicago News. 

"Have you been through calculus?" in- 
quired the college professor. 

"Not unless I passed through at night on 
my way here," replied the new student ; 
"I'm from Kansas, you know." — Ex- 

I have been a constant reader of Recrea- 
tion many years. Was once. I am afraid, 
something of a hog, but thanks to Recrea- 
tion's teachings, am so no longer. 

L. C. Eleriot, Enid. O. T. 


" What a Man Eats He Is." 
Edited by C. F. Langworthy, Ph.D. 

Author of "On Citraconic, Itaconic and Mesaconic Acids," " Fish as Food," etc. 


According to a recent report of the Ken- 
tucky Experiment Station, the question of 
most importance in the manufacture and 
sale of foods is that of preservation, and 
this problem presents the most tempting 
field for adulteration to the otherwise hon- 
est food manufacturer and producer. 

"As soon as the spark of life leaves the 
animal, putrefaction begins ; as soon as 
milk is exposed to a warm atmosphere it 
commences to sour ; and when ripened 
fruits or grains become bruised or exposed 
to a moulding atmosphere decay sets in. 
The best established theory is that the dis- 
organization and decay of animal and vege- 
table tissues and of milk and its products 
are due to the action of ferments, or of 
fermenting bacteria. The preservation of 
food products depends on the suspension 
of these decomposing bacteria or the coun- 
teraction of their influence, and is accom- 
plished in 4 general ways : cold storage, 
sterilization, ripening and the preserving 
influence of salt, sugar, vinegar or smoke. 
Thus ice in the refrigerator and cold stor- 
age system causes a low temperature, which 
delays the decay of meat and souring of 
milk ; meats, vegetables and fruit are ster- 
ilized or heated to a degree hot enough to 
kill these organisms and then canned; the 
the fats and caseins of milk are ripened 
into butter and cheese; fruits are pre- 
served with sugar ; vegetables are pickled 
with vinegar and salt ; hams and bacon are 
cured with salt and smoke. Often 2 or 
more of these methods are employed to 
preserve a single article of food, and when 
combined with clean systems they are rec- 
ognized as the healthful and ideal methods 
for preservation of food products. Salt 
and vinegar, besides being used to pre- 
serve the food, are relishes and stimulate 
the flow of the digestive juices; their taste 
makes them easily detected and when not 
desired they can be declined. 

"These methods require skill and care to 
execute, proper sanitation and cleanliness 
in shipping and storage. Manufactured 
goods sometimes remain on the shelf for 
years before all the stock is sold. Foods 
are often produced in unclean surround- 
ings and handled caretessly. Such reasons, 
with the tendency to imitate and to put on 
the market articles of food without regard 
to their quality, purity or food properties, 
cause the use of antiseptics. 

"The antiseptics found in the foods re- 

cently analyzed at the Kentucky Experi- 
ment Station were salicylic acid, benzoic 
acid, boracic acid, saccharin and formalde- 
hyde. These antiseptics act as a strong 
paralyzant to the ferments in foods and 
their lasting embalming properties make 
them the surest method for food preserva- 
tion, as well as the cheapest plan. 

"The more honest manufacturers make 
use of them in small quantities ; others use 
them without regard to quantity. These 
antiseptics, varying in effect, have a dele- 
terious influence on the human system and 
their harmful effect in large quantities is 
not honestly denied. 

It is claimed by the manufacturers who 
use them, and also stated by some authori- 
ties, that the use of antiseptics in small 
quantities in foods is not harmful. There 
is an overwhelming testimony from scient- 
ists that these antiseptics are for various 
reasons and in different degrees harmful 
when taken into the system. Even those 
who favor their use in small quantities agree 
that their use should be made known to the 
consumer. Whatever questions concerning 
the use of antiseptics in foods are unsettled, 
they supplant to some degree the cleanli- 
ness and care necessary to produce whole- 
some foods, cover deficiencies and cause 
the use of many food articles of an un- 
healthful character. The use of the more 
harmful should be prohibited ; the use of 
small quantities of those less harmful 
should be rigidly restricted and only per- 
mitted when the fact of their use is made 
known to the actual consumer.. 

"Watching the various food products 
with regard to antiseptics alone is a large 
task, so extensively and recklessly are they 
used in the numberless articles of food on 
the market. Many food industries are 
built on this principle of preserving foods 
entirely with antiseptics. It is a wrong 
principle and should be discouraged. The 
representatives of such food factories pre- 
sent many arguments and schemes to pro- 
tect the profits which accrue from the sub- 
stitution of a pinch of some antiseptic for 
the more costly methods of ice, sugar, 
cleanliness and care employed by the manu- 
facturers of the best food articles. To cite 
a fact, axiomatic of all drugs, that the sin- 
gle instance of a mild antiseptic in the 
minutest quantities has little effect in the 
system, does not defend the reckless use 
of antiseptics, a practice dangerous to the 
public health." 




Beans and other legumes are among the 
oldest foods known to mankind, yet com- 
paratively few studies of their food value 
have been made, with the exception of 
analyses which show the chemical com- 
position. Studies like those recently made 
by Prof.. Harry Snyder, at the University 
of Minnesota, are therefore of especial in- 
terest. He studied the thoroughness with 
which beans are digested by man ; the 
changes which beans undergo, when par- 
boiled, with the addition of soda before 
baking, which is a common domestic method 
employed in preparing them for the table ; 
the characteristics of the chemical bodies 
which make up the different constituents ; 
and related topics. A number of artificial 
digestion experiments were also made, in 
which digestion was accomplished by 
means of ferments similar to those found 
in the intestinal tract. The conclusions 
which Professor Snyder drew from his 
experiments follow : 

"-Beans were found to be more digestible 
when combined in a ration with milk, but- 
ter and other foods, and the highest de- 
gree of digestibility was secured in a 
mixed ration. The carbohydrate nutrients 
of beans were found to be more digestible 
than any of the other nutrients. The pro- 
tein was the most variable in digestibility; 
its range of digestibility varying between 
72.26 and 86.81 per cent. When soda was 
used in the preparation of the beans, it 
was found that 84 per cent, of the soda 
remained in chemical combination with 
the proteid material, and 16 per cent, was 
removed in the drain water. Less than 
0.66 of one per cent, of the total nitrogen 
of- beans was lost in the water used in 
parboiling, while 99.33 per cent, of the 
total protein remained " in the beans. 
When the skins of beans were removed 
by parboiling in water containing a little 
soda, about 6.5 per cent, of the total dry 
matter of beans was removed in the skins. 
The skins contain a large quantity of 
crude fiber and a relatively small quantity 
of protein. About 3 per cent, of the total 
protein in the beans was removed in the 
skins. When the skins of beans were 
removed there was less tendency to the 
formation of gas in the intestines during 
digestion. A small quantity of germ ad- 
hered to and was removed with the skins ; 
the germ and the skin are the parts of 
the bean which are the most fermentable 
and which produce sulphureted gaseous 
products during digestion. Beans contain 
a large quantity of protein and a small 
quantity of fat ; hence, in their preparation 
as human food, fat is necessary in order 
to make a more balanced food. When 
the skins of the beans were removed, the 

beans were more readily acted on by 
digestive solvents as pepsin, diastase, and 
pancreatin. In 12 hours, 25 per cent, more 
of the protein nutrient was digested when 
the skins of the beans were removed than 
when the beans were baked in a similar 
way without the removal of the skins. At 
ordinary prices, beans are one of the 
cheapest foods for supplying protein in 
rations. A pound of beans, costing 5 
cents, contains about 1-5 of a pound of 
digestible protein and somewhat less than 
3-5 of a pound of digestible carbohydrates, 
mainly in the form of starch. 

"The nutrients in beans are different in 
character from the same class of nutrients 
in cereal foods. The protein in beans is 
mainly in the form of legumin, while that 
in the cereals is in the form of glutens. 
Bean starch granules are larger than and 
differ in miscroscopic structure from the 
cereal starch granules. Beans contain only 
a small quantity of ether extract, a por- 
tion of which is in the form of lecithin 
and free fatty acids. The ether extract 
from beans, however, has about the same 
caloric or heat producing power as the 
ether extract from other foods. In these 
experiments over a pound of baked beans 
was consumed per day by men engaged, 
part of the time, in active outdoor work. 
It is believed, however, that not more than 
4 ounces of uncooked beans or 6 ounces of 
baked beans should be consumed in the 
daily ration. While beans are slow of 
digestion, they can not be considered as 
indigestible when .the availability or total 
quantity of nutrients actually utilized bv 
the body is considered. In these experi- 
ments, over 90 per cent, of the dry matter 
in the beans was digested and utilized by 
the body." 


When milk is heated to 158 degrees and 
over, in other words, when it is cooked, its 
milk sugar, according to a recent article 
by Professor Julius Nelson, becomes 
changed, being caramelized, or scorched, and 
certain of the albuminous constituents are 
coagulated and precipitated on the bottom 
of the kettle. "They then become super- 
heated and charred, imparting a bad taste 
to the milk. By constant stirring, this 
sort of scorching is prevented. There are 
other changes produced in milk by cooking. 
Some enzymes are destroyed, and the taste 
is so altered that the milk is less palatable 
to most persons. It is also less readily 
digested, though apart from the loss 6f some 
of its nutrients by precipitation, its nutri- 
tious value has not been seriously impaired. 

Milk that is boiled when perfectly fresh 
has a different flavor from ordinary boiled 
milk. The true cooked flavor is then 



brought out, as distinguished from the 
flavor of raw milk, and it is one 
really agreeable to, and preferred by, 
some people. Milk that, is near the 
souring point is made worse by being 
heated. While the temperature is rising the 
germs present are stimulated to increased 
activity, and sufficient acid is developed to 
curdle the milk. Even when heated so 
rapidly that the germs have no time to grow, 
there may be acid enough present to curdle 
the milk at a warm temperature. Sour milk 
is preferably partaken of raw than when 
cooked. Even when there is not enough 
acid present to curdle the milk on cooking 
there are enough deleterious products to 
deteriorate the flavor. Hence it is natural 
that there is a prejudice against cooked 

It is of the highest importance that milk 
that is to be heated should be as fresh as 
possible, for cooking does not destroy the 
deleterious products of fermentation, though 
it kills the germs that made these products. 
Hence the customer should insist on ob- 
taining as pure a milk as possible. Steriliz- 
ing milk at home, as well as pasteurizing 
methods in the dairy itself, do not invite 
carelessness in regard to the cleanliness of 
dairy methods. The application of heat is 
intended to supplement these methods, to 
increase the purity of the milk, just as ice 
is applied for a similar object. Each agent 
is used in its own proper place so as to De 
most effective. 

Heating milk for the purpose of destroy- 
ing the germs present is effected by 
2 methods, known as sterilization and 
pasteurization. Pasteurized milk has the 
same relation to sterilized milk that rare 
beef has to well done beef. Such milk has 
not been heated sufficiently to give it the 
cooked taste, and its preparation is founded 
on the fact that disease germs can be de- 
stroyed at a temperature below that which 
causes this cooked condition. As most of 
the other germs in the milk are destroyed 
at the same time, such milk is greatly im- 
proved as regards its keeping qualities. 

Sterilized milk, properly speaking, is that 
which has had all its germ content de- 
stroyed. Hence if such milk be guarded 
from further contamination, it will re- 
main unaltered, even at ordinary temper- 
atures, for an indefinite period. To de- 
stroy all the germs in milk, including the 
spores, it becomes necessary to subject it 
to the action of live steam under pressure 
at a temperature considerably above the 
boiling point, 240 degrees. Such a pro- 
ceeding is neither practicable nor neces- 
sary in the household, as pasteurizing 
serves all ordinary purposes. Milk, may, 
however, be completely sterilized by re- 
peated pasteurization. The heating is re- 

peated daily for nearly a week, because all 
the spores present do not germinate after 
the close of the first or even after the 
second heating, though few remain. While 
milk sterilized by this method, has no 
cooked flavor, yet it is a method commer- 
cially impracticable. 

What is generally called sterilized milk 
is not entirely free from germs, but hav- 
ing been subjected to a more thorough 
heating than with pasteurization, and being: 
guarded against further contamination, it 
will keep longer than does pasteurized 
milk. This is its main advantage, for it 
has to a greater or less degree the cooked 


Ship bread, it is said, is made simply of 
flour and water. A barrel of flour is wet 
with 3*4 pails of water, making a stiff 
dough, which is generally cut into squares 
with a soda biscuit cutter and baked in a 
solid oven, which should be quite hot. 
Sometimes the dough is cut round and 
thick. When baked the ship bread is 
emptied into bins in the upper part of the 
bake shop, where it is allowed to dry for 
days, becoming practically kiln dried. It 
is commonly packed into flour barrels and 
sold by the pound. Often, however, a 
skipper has the bread packed in whiskey 
casks, especially if it is for a long voyage, 
as the smell of the whiskey will protect the 
bread from weevils. Vessels from the 
Mediterranean buy American ship bread, 
packing it into air-tight metallic casks. 
When wanted one cask is opened at a 
time, and thus the bread is kept for months 
in a fairly good condition. It is often taken 
to the coast of Africa and used in trading 
with the natives. That used on board ship 
is generally made from clear flour, and is 
sweet and wholesome, but that made for 
export, according to a trade journal, is 
often made from a low grade of flour and 
is dark in color. Ship bread is not used on 
board of vessels so much as formerly, since 
a great many vessels carry flour and bake 
bread as wanted. 

Hard tack, used in the army, is similar 
to ship bread, and is made, as a rule, from 
sound, straight grade flour. During the 
Spanish-American war it was delivered to 
the Government in sealed tins containing 
100 pounds each. 

There is another class of water biscuit 
made wholly from flour and water which 
is largely used under the name of "water 
crackers." They are usually rather thin 
and are well baked, and, being brittle rather 
than soft, they require thorough mastica- 
tion before being swallowed. Water 
crackers are cut into a variety of shapes 
and given different names. 


Commodore John E. Gunckel, of the To- 
ledo Yacht club, has written and published 
a history of the Maumee Valley, in North- 
ern Ohio, As most students of history are 
aware, that valley was the scene of several 
important struggles between the white pio- 
neers of the middle West and the Indians. 
General Wayne's famous battle of the Fal- 
len Timbers, General Winchester's defeat 
at River Raisin, certain of General Har- 
rison's operations, the siege of Fort Meigs, 
Major Crogan's fight at Fort Stephenson, 
and Commodore Perry's victory at Put- 
in-Bay are all treated of in this book in a 
most comprehensive and interesting man- 

Any person interested in the history of 
the early settlement of Northern Ohio will 
find Mr. Gunckel's book of great value. 

A postal card addressed to him at To- 
ledo, Ohio, will bring you a carcular telling 
all about the book. 

The annual report of the Smithsonian In- 
stitution for 1901 has just been issued and 
contains many articles and illustrations of 
interest to all nature students. Among the 
papers which will probably appeal with 
greatest force to the readers of Recreation 
are "Utilizing the Sun's Energy," "Color 
Photography," "The Arctic Voyage of the 
Belgica," "Forest Destruction," "Irriga- 
tion," "Traps of the American Indians," 
"The Laws of Nature," "The Greatest Fly- 
ing Creature," "The Wanderings of the 
Water Buffalo," "The Preservation of the 
Marine Animals of the North West 
Coast," and "A New African Animal." 

This book may be bought, at cost, from 
the Superintendent of Documents, Wash- 
ington, or you may be able to get a copy 
free of charge through your member of 

"A Plea for Hardy Plants," by J. W. 
Elliott, presents in clear, simple form, many 
thoroughly practical suggestions for beauti- 
fying home grounds, even though they be 
but small city lots. A list of the common, 
available, hardy plants is given, together 
with diagrams and plans for their placing 
in attractive design ; and nearly every page 
in the book contains an exquisite half tone 
from a photograph showing beautiful floral 
effects produced by simple home gardening. 

Doubleday, Page & Co., New York ; price 

have recently published a catalogue of the 
species of fishes known to occur in the St. 
Lawrence river and its tributary waters be- 
low Lake Ontario. They list 71 species, 
among which the most important game 
fishes are both species of black bass, the 
wall-eyed pike, ouananiche, Atlantic sal- 
mon, lake trout, brook trout, marston trout, 
pike, and muskalonge. 

Clay Emery has written, and Doubleday, 
Page & Co., New York, have published, a 
little book entitled "Cap'n Titus." The 
captain is an old Cape Cod fisherman and 
packet commander, who has the happy 
faculty of spinning yarns that are unique. 
They are told in the real salt water vernac- 
ular, and you can almost hear the lapping 
of the waves and feel the roll of the 
schooner as you read them. I trust Mr. 
Emery may give us other volumes of the 
old mariner's tales. 

A yearly subscription to Recreation fur- 
nishes one of the most delightful, instruc- 
tive, entertaining presents you can possibly 
give a man or boy who is interested in na- 
ture, in fishing, shooting, amateur photog- 
raphy; or, who is fond of the woods, the 
fields, the mountains, the lakes or the rivers. 

Many presents which people give their 
friends afford pleasure only for a few days, 
or weeks. A subscription to Recreation 
means solid comfort a whole year. It re- 
minds your friends 12 times during the year 
of your kindness and generosity. There 
are many men and women who for 5 years 
past have annually sent in long lists of 
names of friends, accompanied with a 
check, in order that these friends might be 
made happy a whole year. Would it not be 
well for you to adopt this plan ? 

Try it and see how grateful the recipient 
will be. 

I consider Recreation the best sports- 
man's magazine ever published. Besides 
being interesting, it is exceedingly instruc- 
tive. I wish you continued success in 
your good work. 

J. Zweighaft, Haines Falls, N. Y. 

I think Recreation is the best sporting 
magazine published and I will do my best 
to make my friends think so. 

R. McG. Watt, Woodstock, N. B. 

Drs. Evermann and Kendall, in continu- I would give $1 a copy for Recreation 

ance of their studies of the geographic dis- if I could not get it any other way. 
tribution of American fresh water fishes, I. H. Miller, Columbus, O. 



In a recent letter from the Page Woven 
Wire Fence Co., of Adrian, Michigan, they 

"We were never so well equipped as at 
present to furnish Page fences. Having 
our own steel, rod and wire mills, and 
having largely increased our weaving ca- 
pacity, we are in good shape to supply the 
demand for 1903. We make a standard 
style of fencing for every farm, poultry, 
stock, or railroad requirement; use double 
strength horizontal wires in all these styles, 
and coil or spiral every one of them from 
end to end the whole length of the fence, 
thus providing for expansion and contrac- 
tion. Page wire will retain this coiled 
shape even after it has been drawn out 
straight 1,000 times. No locks, staples or 
other devices are used to hold the horizon- 
tals and crossbars together, because Page 
fence is a real woven wire fence. Horizon- 
tals and crossbars woven together is all 
there is of it. 

The ad of the Page Fence Company ap- 
pears regularly in Recreation and if you 
have not yet investigated the merits of their 
fencing, you should write for catalog, de- 
scriptive matter and prices now. 

Catalogues come so fast that it really 
keeps an editor hustling to tell of all of 
them; yet there are many coming to this 
office that are of such vital interest to my 
readers I feel it my duty to keep them 
advised as to these works. 

The latest book in my line comes from 
Parker Bros., Meriden, Conn., makers of 
the old reliable Parker gun. This book, 
like many others I have had occasion to talk 
of, is replete with information of great 
value to bird shooters, and contains some 
elaborate illustrations of the Parker guns, 
both in their complete form, ready for use, 
and in detail as to mechanism. Only rarely 
does a man who uses a Parker gun need 
anything with which to repair it, but in case 
such a thing ever should happen, it would 
be handy to have a copy of this pamphlet 
at hand, for it illustrates every piece used 
in the Parker. Each part is numbered and 
named, so that even a novice would have 
no difficulty in expressing his wants. Of 
course, every reader of Recreation will 
want a copy of the Parker catalogue, and 
in writing for it you should say where you 
saw it mentioned. It makes a lot of dif- 
ference to me whether you do this or not. 

The making of the gaily colored blankets 
of the Navajo Indians bids fair to become 
one of the lost arts in the near future. The 
old squaws are the only people in the tribe 

who can be induced to weave these blan- 
kets, and they will soon have passed away. 
The younger people prefer to buy their 
blankets from post traders, and if they 
work at all they prefer to work on some- 
thing more interesting and less confining 
than the slow process of weaving blankets 
by hand. Therefore, persons who wish to 
procure samples of these beautiful blankets 
and thus retain relics of the handiwork of 
a passing people, must do so in the near fu- 
ture. The Edward Smith Indian Post Trad- 
ing Co., whose ad appears on page xxxvi 
of this issue of Recreation, has a man 
traveling all the time among the Navajos, 
buying all the blankets he can find, and 
shipping them to the company's warehouse 
at Canyon Diablo, Arizona. The company 
has issued a catalogue of these blankets 
and of other rare and interesting Indian 
curios, which can be had by asking for it. 
In writing for it, please mention Recrea- 

The demand for our boats has increased 
so much within the last few months that 
we are compelled to work overtime to 
keep a supply on hand. So far this year 
we have sold twice as many of these boats 
as we did during the entire year of 1901, 
and we feel that the ad in your excellent 
magazine has been greatly instrumental in 
bringing us many orders. The demand 
does not seem to be confined to any par- 
ticular part of the country, but comes from 
all over the United States and Europe. We 
recently shipped a large order to Germany. 
Last week we forwarded a car load to the 
Simmons Hardware Co., of St. Louis, Mo., 
and one to the Marshall- Wells Hardware 
Co., of Duluth, Minn. The ad in Recrea- 
tion has been a great factor in the sale of 
these goods and we would not hesitate to 
recommend it to the use of any one who 
wishes to place worthy goods before the 
sportsmen of this country. 

W. H. Mullins, Salem, Ohio. 

The Southern Railway announces ex- 
cellent service and schedule for the South- 
ern travel for the season of 1902 and 1903. 
Operating from New York over the Penn- 
sylvania, 12 through sleeping car lines daily 
touch almost every prominent city in the 
South and Southwest. This road also gives 
high class dining car service on all the 
through trains. This route operates the 
Washington and Southwestern Limited, 39 
hours, New York to New Orleans, connect- 
ing with the Southern Pacific Sunset Limit- 
ed from New Orleans to the Pacific coast; 




2 other fast trains, the New York and 
Memphis Limited and the U. S. Fast Mail ; 
to Morida, Cuba and Nassau, the New 
\ ork and Florida Limited, operated daily; 
and during tourist season, the world's fa- 
mous Southern's Palm Limited. For full 
particulars, descriptive matter and general 
information regarding the South, call or 
address New York Offices, 271 and 1185 
Broadway, Alex. S. Thweatt, Eastern Pas- 
senger Agent. 

The Multiscope & Film Company, Bur- 
lington, Wis., makers of the famous Al- 
Vista camera, have lately put out a new 
catalogue that is really remarkable. It 
contains a series of panoramic pictures, 
made with the Al-Vista, that are revela- 
tions. There is one view of a flock of 
sheep grazing in a pasture, and another of 
a flock of children gathering daisies, both 
of which are marvels of beauty. These cuts 
are 4^2 by 12 inches, and each picture in- 
cludes a stretch of country of, I should 
say, 200 yards in width, all taken at one 
swing of the swing lens. Every object 
within this field is as sharp on the plate 
as if it had been the sole point aimed at. 

All lovers of beautiful pictures should 
write for copies of this exquisite piece of 
work, and should mention Recreation. 

Houston, Texas. 
National Projectile Works, 

Grand Rapids, Michigan-: 
Dear Sirs : — While on a hunting trip in 
the Rocky mountains, I had 2 dozen of 
your lubricated wire patched bullets that 
had been sent me as samples for use in a 
Savage rifle. With this ammunition I 
made a double on elk, killing 2 bulls out 
of one band, and at a single shot each. I 
also killed a large brown bear with another 
one of your wire patched bullets. I learned 
of these cartridges in the first place through 
your ad* in Recreation, and I recommend 
them to hunters as being all that is de- 
sired. The ball mushrooms just right for 
making killing shots. 

J. R. Stuart. 

In September Recreation I printed a 
paragraph which contained 2 unfortunate 
errors. I spoke of the Kenwood traps as 
being made by the Oneida Company, of 
Kenwood, New York. I should have said 
the Newhouse traps and the Oneida Com- 
munity. However, both institutions are so 
well known to the readers of Recreation 
that it is not likely anyone who read the 
notice was misled by it. Every reader of 
this magazine knows the Oneida Com- 
munity and the Newhouse traps. Both are 
old timers, and there is scarcely a man or 

boy in the land who is fond of the woods 
who has not used Newhouse traps, or seen 
them used. However, this correction is 
due to the good, honest, sturdy people who 
comprise the Oneida Community. 

Great attention is given by athletes to the 
character of the brushes, sponges, lini- 
ments and soaps tney use. Fairbanks 
Glycerine Tar Soap has found a popular 
place because it not only cleanses, but 
soothes and invigorates. Football players 
find that it does far more than the average 
liniment to allay the pain from bruises ; and, 
of course, it removes grime as none of the 
liniments can do. With the athlete per- 
haps more than with anyone else it has a 
wide range of usefulness, removing from 
his hair the dust which collects through the 
violent character of his exercise. Its con- 
venient shape and lasting qualities make it 
economical. Try it yourself if you have not 
already done so. At the grocers, 5 cents a 

The latest number of the New York 
Central's "Four-Track Series," No. 35, is 
devoted to "Historical Pilgrimages about 
New York." Besides containing a map of 
New York from the Battery to Newburgh, 
printed in colors, and a brief description 
of a large number of historic points and 
buildings, it explains how teachers with 
their classes can make pilgrimages of 3 to 
12 hours and see a great deal that is of im- 
mense interest and value to them in their 
studies of geography and history. A copy 
will be sent free, postpaid, on receipt of a 
2-cent stamp, by George H. Daniels, Gen- 
eral Passenger Agent, New York Central 
Railroad, Grand Central Station, New 

Decatur, 111. 
The Mitchell Mfg. Co., 
London, Ohio. 
Dear Sirs : — 

The J. C. Hand Trap duly received and 
I am much pleased with it. By using the 
trap on the side of a hill and throwing 
all angles, one can learn more about field 
shooting in an hour than in a .month's 
actual practice on game. 

Wishing you the success your trap merits, 
I remain, Sincerely yours, 

Chauncey M. Powers. 

New York. 
Messrs. Wing & Son: 

After a thorough test of the Wing piano 
for the past 4 years I subscribe myself as 
its most ardent advocate. It has a powerful 
and beautiful tone. A piano must be a 
good one to stand the pounding it receives 



when used in orchestra work. The Wing 
piano has all the essentials that constitute 
a perfect instrument. 

Yours respectfully, 

H. G. Corwin, 
Leader Orchestra Hotel Navarre. 

Schoverling, Daly & Gales have recently 
issued one of the most artistic catalogues 
of guns, shooting and fishing accessories, 
ever published,. They would like to send 
this catalogue to every man who loves a 
fine gun, dog or fishing rod. It describes 
Daly guns at prices varying from $80 to 
$500, fine tackle and high grade rifles, pis- 
tols, etc. Write for the catalogue and 
please say you saw it mentioned in Recre- 

The Burlington Basket Company will ex- 
hibit the Hawkeye Refrigerator Basket in 
spaces 46 and 51 at the Automobile Show in 
Madison Square Garden : .n January. Every 
camper and picnicker who visits the Auto- 
mobile Show should examine this basket. It 
is one of the most useful and practical de- 
vices of this kind that has ever been offered 
to the public. If you see one, you will cer- 
tainly want it. 

Our sales of Century cameras have far 
exceeded our expectations, and never in 
our experience have we had so few com- 
plaints of any make of cameras as of the 
Century. There is an increasing demand 
for high grade cameras of the best work- 
manship, and the Century stands in the 

Yours truly, 
Fowler & Slater, Cleveland, O.. 

Omer, Michigan. 
West End Furniture Co., 

Dear Sirs : — Received the gun cabinet to- 
day. Please accept my appreciation of 
same. My husband is highly delighted and 
says I could have got him nothing else he 
would have liked so well. 

Yours truly, 
Mrs. D, H. McDonnell. 

Dresden, Ohio. 
Drs. Phillips & Wrean, 

Perm Yan, N. Y. 
I received the hares all right and they 
are the finest I ever saw. Thank you for 
your honesty in sending me a fine trio. 

W,. J. Barron. 



I am reliably informed that the "Rever- 
end" Ransome Williams, of Greenville, S. 
C. hunts quails more than he does sinners. 
It is said he shoots nearly every day during 
the entire open season, with the possible 
exception of Sundays. He has 2 good dogs 
and when he finds a covey of quails, he 
follows them as long as he can find one 
of them and if any of them get away, he 
grieves over it. 

This Reverend bristleback does not con- 
fine his shooting to the open season. I am 
told that in May last, when preparing for 
a trip to the mountains a few miles North 
of Greenville, he told a friend of his that 
he knew where there were plenty of trout 
and grouse. This friend is a sportsman 
and asked the dominie if he would shoot 
grouse in the spring. The preacher said 
he would and that he hoped to kill some 
on that trip. The sportsman asked him 
if he would shoot quails at that season. 

"Yes," said the old poacher, "I see no 
reason why I should not shoot the male 

His friend asked him if he did not know 
that the males assisted the females in in- 
cubating the eggs and caring for the chicks ; 
that in case the cock were killed, the whole 
brood would probably be lost. 

"Yes," said the sky pilot, "I have heard 
such stories, but I do not believe them." 

He took his gun with him into the coun- 
try. He has no church in Greenville, but 
officiates at several churches in the sur- 
rounding country. He always takes his 
gun and dog along when he goes on his 
circuit to preach. He stays every night 
with some good brother, shoots until he is 
tired, and manages to fetch up at the home 
of some one of his church members at 
meal times. 

I wrote the Reverend Williams and asked 
him if the report quoted above were cor- 
rect. He did not reply to my letter and 
after a reasonable lapse of time, I wrote 
him again, urging him to deny or confirm 
this report. Still no response. His silence 
is therefore equivalent to a confession, and 
every good sportsman who is also a good 
church member, will blush for his religion 



when he reads of the disgraceful and de- 
grading conduct of this mossback Bible- 

I have the highest possible respect for all 
good Christian people, but when I hear 
of a preacher who openly violates the game 
laws and who outrages the laws of God 
as to the rearing of the beautiful creatures 
He has placed on this earth, I wish I had 
the power to punish that man as he de- 

There is one course that never fails to 
carry conviction to the heart of even the 
hardiest game hog that ever lived. That is 
for ioo or more gentlemen sportsmen to 
write personal letters to such brutes and 
tell them to their faces, so to speak, what 
decent people think of them. Will not a 
lot of the readers of Recreation use a little 
stationery and a few postage stamps in an 
effort to shame this old reprobate into a 
proper regard for the laws of his State 
and for the laws of decency? Give it to 
him straight from the shoulder and send 
me copies of your letters. 

were all killed at short range and by men 
who thought they knew what they were 


The hunting season which ended with 
December yielded the usual crop of fatali- 
ties among hunters. Here is a record of a 
few of them : 

George Miller mistook Matt Britz for a 
deer . in the woods near Lathrop, Mich., 
and killed him. William Walsdorf was 
shot and killed near Chippewa Falls, Wis., 
by an unknown man, who probably thought 
he was shooting at a deer. Near the same 
place Carl Emerson received a load of 
buckshot in the shoulder by an accidental 
discharge of a gun in the hands of a friend. 
A settler named Martino, living near 
Bloomer, Wis., was killed by a stray bullet, 
which entered his left ear and came out of 
the right ear. William Fremert, of Ocon- 
to. Wis., was accidentally shot in the leg 
while hunting ducks. 

Henry McPeters, of Milford, Me., W. 
C. Trickery, Dayton, Ohio, Leslie Bowker, 
Marshfield, Me., Frank Leonard, Frank- 
fort, Me., and John O. Weeks, Boston, were 
killed in the Maine woods while hunting, 
and there are several counties yet to hear 

Certain people talk a great deal about 
modern high power rifles being dangerous 
for use in deer hunting, but it seems that in 
nearly all cases where men have been mis- 
taken for game and killed in recent years, 
they would have met the same fate if the 
hunters had been using the old black pow- 
der rifles. A man who shoots at a moving 
bush or a patch of something he does not 
exactly know the nature of, almost invaria- 
bly bags his man, whether he uses smoke- 
less or black powder. It will be observed 
that only one of the 9 men mentioned 
above stopped a stray bullet. The others 


The game birds and wild animals will 
have another strong friend in the next 
Congress in the person of Mr. George 
Shiras, of Pittsburg, an old time League 
member. He was elected in November last 
and on account of his intimate friendship 
with several other members and Senators 
will be a power for good in the cause of 
game protection. 

Mr. Shiras was probably the first man in 
tfl.-"! world to substitute the camera for the 
gun in hunting big game, and for 10 years 
past has been making flashlight pictures of 
wild animals in their native haunts, which 
have surprised and delighted millions of 
people. I have published a number of his 
pictures and have others in hand for future 
issues of Recreation. Mr. Shiras has made 
many beautiful pictures of deer, lynx, por- 
cupines and birds within the past 2 years, 
which will be reproduced in a book he is 
now writing, to be entitled "The Camera 

Another League member was elected to 
Congress last fall, in the person of the 
Hon. B. G. Humphreys, of Greenville, Miss. 
So we now have 9 L. A. S. men in the na- 
tional House of Representatives. 

Lacey, Shiras, Thropp, Small, Shattuck, 
Caldwell, Ray, Robinson and Humphreys 
will be a great team in the next House. 


A subscriber complains that I am giving 
too much space to criticisms of Marlin 
rifles and Peters cartridges, and charges 
me with condemning them myself. I have 
never said a word, editorially, against 
either of these lines of goods. I simply 
allow my readers to tell of their troubles 
with these, as with any other guns or am- 
munition, whether advertised in Recrea- 
tion or not; and as long as I print this 
magazine, I shall accord this privilege to 
my friends. I have printed just as severe 
criticisms of Winchester and Savage rifles 
as of Marlin rifles, but the difference is 
that only one man in 10,000 of those using 
Winchester and Savage guns has any 
trouble; while the percentage of those 
using Marlin rifles is different. 

I have on file large numbers of complaints 
about Marlin rifles and Peters cartridges 
and these letters will be printed in the order 
in which they came. Whenever any weap- 
on proves defective in the hands of a read- 
er of Recreation, and he sees fit to write 
me about it, his complaint will be printed 
whether the weapon be advertised in Rec- 
reation or not. My Gun and Ammunition 
Department is a medium for the exchange 



of information, ideas and thoughts on all 
goods in these lines, and it will remain 
suck until further notice. 


Mr. R. W. Trussell, who lives at Nepon- 
set, Mass., called here the other day and 
told me an interesting story of a gray 
squirrel that lives in his village. He says 
there are a number of them that are tame 
and that are regularly fed and cared for 
by the people, who love and appreciate 
them. Mr. Trussell recently sat at his 
front window reading, when one of the 
gray squirrels came into a tree within a 
few feet of the house and began eating a 
nut he had picked up. Mr. Ti assell took 
an English walnut from the table and 
tapped on the window pane with it. The 
squirrel looked a moment, and evidently 
identified the morsel ; for he leaped from 
a branch of the tree in which he was sit- 
ting to the roof of a neighboring house, 
ran down to the eave-trough and hid the 
nut he had. Then he came to the window, 
took the proffered lunch from Mr. Trus- 
sell's hand, and returned to the tree again, 
where he ate it. 

Is it not strange that after knowing how 
thoroughly, and how easily, these beauti- 
ful animals can be domesticated, some 
people still persist in killing them at sight? 
I trust all sportsmen may soon learn that 
this animal is not a legitimate object of 
pursuit, and that we may soon hear tne 
last of squirrel shooting. 

Once more I beg my good friends to call 
things by their right names; especially 
ruffed grouse and mule deer. As I have 
said before, these creatures are sadly and 
habitually misnamed by nine-tenths of the 
people who hunt them. I cut out of man- 
uscripts that come to this office the words 
"pheasant" "partridge" and "blacktail 
deer," some hundreds of times each year. 
If writers would only learn that there are 
no pheasants in this country except such 
as have been imported from Europe ; that 
there are no partridges here at all, and 
that the blacktail deer is found only on 
the Pacific slope, North of the North line 
of California, it would save me a lot of 
work and annoyance, to say nothing of 
the valuable educational work which my 
good friends might accomplish in their 
conversation with others. The deer found 
throughout the Rocky Mountains, and 
which is called the blacktail by 99 per cent, 
of the people who talk of him, is the mule 
deer, and there are no blacktail deer in 
that region. 

breakers. The chicken season opened in 
that State September 15, but, as usual, a lot 
of shooters were too previous. As a result 
Mr.. Fullerton and his associates rounded 
up 14 men who were shooting chickens be- 
fore the legal date, and confiscated their 
guns. He also got one dog. It is worthy 
of remark that only one of the 14 guns 
was worth more than about $7. This indi- 
cates that most of the men who violated the 
game laws are of the class who do not 
appreciate good guns, or good sportsmen's 
literature. If these men had been reading 
Recreation for 2 or 3 years past, they 
would have waited for the open season 
before going into the chicken country, and 
would now have their guns. No doubt 
they regret the loss of them, even if they 
were made of gas pipe. If Sam will kindly 
send me the names and addresses of these 
men, I will send each of them a sample 
copy of this issue of Recreation. 

Dr. B. W. Evermann, who for years past 
has been the Ichthyologist of the U. S. 
Fish Commission, has recently been ap- 
pointed Chief of the Division of Statistics 
and Methods of Commercial Fisheries. 
This is a new position and one for which 
Dr. Evermann is especially fitted by his 
long study and training. It may be con- 
fidently expected that he will, within the 
next few years, collect and compile a valua- 
ble fund of information regarding the com- 
mercial fisheries, not only of this country 
but of the world. Dr. Evermann still re- 
tains his old position of Ichthyologist, in 
which he is doing such splendid work. 

Deputy game warden Kirmse, of San- 
dusky, Ohio, recently went to the house of 
Ferdinand Bork, a wealthy farmer, with a 
warrant for the arrest of Bork's sons for 
shooting squirrels out of season. When 
the warden stated his business, Bork imme- 
diately made an assault on him with a corn 
cutter, inflicting 2 serious wounds. Ward- 
en Kirmse drew a revolver and shot his 
assailant dead. It would have been just as 
well for Bork not to have interfered with 
the officer in the discharge of his duties. 

That stalwart game protector, Sam Ful- 
lerton, of St. Paul, is still after the law 

Howard Gray, of Hughesville, Pa., went 
hunting squirrels September 20th, which 
was before the opening of the legal season. 
He killed 7 squirrels and on his way home 
he met constable Flick, who escorted him to 
Justice Kahler's court. There Gray was 
assessed $73.12. Gray was unable to pay 
his fine and was locked up in the city pen. 
Some friends came to his rescue later and 
he was turned out to grass. It is hoped 
he will remember this experience a long 



It was a little past the middle of Au- 
gust, in the early '90's, when my friend, 
Mr. Cone, arrived from the city at my 
home in the village, on his old quest for 
the silvery denizens of the 2 rivers, Grand 
and Flat, at the junction of which I live. 
As I was constantly on the ground, Mr. 
Cone always looked to me for information 
as to what kinds of fish were biting, the 
best bait to use, and where to fish. I de- 
cided that on this occasion we should fish 
in a manner new to Mr. Cone. We were 
to take a boat and row to the head of the 
pond formed by a large dam on Flat riv- 
er. There we should leave our boat and 
walk overland half a mile to the beginning 
of a sharp bend in the river, when we 
were to don our wading suits and fish 
down to the still water of the pond. I 
knew it would be hard to wade 4 miles, 
under the blistering August sun, but the 
swift waters of that stream offered about 
our only chance far success. The stream 
is shallow and stony, with here and there 
a streak of a few rods in extent where 
the water may be 3 or 4 feet deep. Those 
deep streaks are the home of the small 
mouth black bass. 

The morning after Mr. Cone's arrival 
we got an early start in our skiff, loaded 
with our fishing tackle, lunch, and other 
luggage. It was cool when we com- 
menced our pull up the river, and the fresh 
morning air as we rowed past the green 
forests crowning the towering bluffs 
caused my companion to exclaim, 

"By George ! it seems good to be here 
once more, out of the dust and hubbub. It 
hasn't been more than 2 hours since 
breakfast, but I am as hungry as a bear. 
For the last 3 weeks I haven't eaten 
enough to keep a 5-year-old boy alive, 
but when I struck town last night the 
change of air made me wolfishly hungry, 
and I had to buy a sandwich before I came 
up to the house." 

The sun soon banished the coolness of 
the morning, and the early warblers be- 
came silent. The green heron an^ the sand- 
piper left the shore for shady nooks, and 
no living creatures were to be seen ex- 
cepting long lines of turtles of all sizes, 
which lay basking on logs and old flood- 
trash. As we approached them, they rolled 
off, one after another, with a splash, into 
their native element. The only sound to 
be heard was the chirping of hidden crick- 
ets, and at intervals the droning sound of 
the harvest fly, from his resting place in 
some forest tree. 

The current was getting so swift that 
we landed the boat, and continued our 
journey on foot to the shallow, swift 
water. There we donned our wading rigs, 
stepped out into the riffles, and in a few 
minutes had secured an ample supply of 
lively minnows. Then our more serious 
work commenced. I showed my com- 
panion how to hook the minnows through 
the lips, and how to cast his line for this 
style of fishing. When our bait would get 
down to the deep spots, there would be a 
savage splash and then how our reels 
would sing ! The fish were greedy and 
took hold as if to say, "Just what I've 
been waiting for." They ran in weight 
from y 2 pound to 2^ pounds. All who 
have fished bass on swift water know what 
resistance they are capable of making 
when they have the current to aid them. 
I had a strong rig and I grew impatient at 
the fight they made. I struck as if they 
possessed cast iron mouths, and then tried 
to snake them in headlong. This caused 
my friend much merriment. He accused 
me of being a pot fisherman, and of trying 
to land the bass in the wheat field back 
of us. I found it best not to force the fish 
too much, however. If crowded too hard 
in trying to bring them to the net too quick- 
ly, bass break water several times, 
leaping out with wide open mouth, and 
shaking their heads like angry dogs in 
their efforts to get rid of the hook, which 
they often succeed in doing. 

Cone had a supply of artificial bait, 
which he tried successively; but he finally 
relegated the whole lot to his truck box, 
for minnows seemed to be the bait su- 
preme. We fished the whole length of the 
swift water, which took us until nearly 5 
o'clock in the afternoon. We had a trap 
with us, floating in the water, and as fast 
as we caught a fish we dropped him in 
and he was in his native element again, 
but with his liberties somewhat curtailed. 

When we reached the boat at the head 
of the pond, we dumped our fish on the 
bank and found we had 112. Of course, 
such a catch is unusual, and I do not ap- 
prove of fishing just to see how many can 
be caught, thus depleting the waters, in a 
short time, of all that the true sportsman 
holds dear ; but I mention the number in 
this instance to show that good sport may 
be had fishing during the extreme heat of 
midsummer, when streams are low and 
the fish, living in slow, sluggish waters, 
have no life to respond to the allurements 
of the angler. 




Over One Million Barrels 

of Schlitz Beer Sold in One Year 

This makes us, by over one 
hundred thousand barrels, 
Milwaukee's largest brewers, 
and Milwaukee, as you know, . 
is the most renowned brew- 
ing center in the world. 

This is How It Was Done 

For fifty years we have doubled 
the necessary cost of our brewing 
that Schlitz Beer might be pure. 

We cool Schlitz Beer in plate 
glass rooms, and all the air that 
touches it comes through filters. 

We age our beer for months before 
we market it. That is why Schlitz 
Beer doesn't cause biliousness. 

We filter Schlitz Beer through 
wonderful filters, then sterilize 
every bottle after it is sealed. 

The Beer that Made Milwaukee Famous 




Denver, Co 1 o. 

January 29, 2 nimrods of this city ar- 
ranged to go after jack rabbits, which a 
friend had located on his way from Greeley 
to Denver. We made arrangements with 
this friend to meet us at the depot at La 
Salle with his team and take us to the 
promised land. 

I retired at the usual hour and had got to 
sleep, and the jacks were running in every 
direction; something was wrong with my 
gun, as usual, in dreams. The shot would 
not hit Jack hard enough to dent the hair. 
I was cussing the gun, shells and every- 
thing else, when the alarm clock made its 
unearthly racket, frightening all the jacks 
away. I got up, pulled myself together, 
went to the window and looked out. Cold 
and cloudy. Dressed and went down stairs 
to make more observations. Still colder. 
Went back up stairs, built a fire and invited 
my wife to get up. She answered "No." 
So I proceeded to get breakfast on my own 
hook and was doing nicely when someone 
behind me said, "Don't you know enough 
to put the teakettle on the stove? Get out 
of the way. You don't know enough to boil 
water." I retreated in good form to give 
way to my superior. She soon had a good 
breakfast, to which I did justice. The door- 
bell rang. It was my pard. I hurried to 
take him in out of the cold. 

"Shall we go?" said he. 

"Sure ! I did not get up at 2.30 to stay at 

Got into my shooting clothes and we 
drilled down to the depot for the 4.15 U. P. 
train. We arrived at La Salle at 5.45 safe. 
Our friend was to be there at 6.30. We 
waited for him till 7.15, but he did not 
show up. This was nice. Two feet of 
snow and no team within i T / 2 miles. We 
were no'tenderfeet, so we started down the 
track on foot. Cold ! Just zero by the 
weather machine on the depot when we 

We had gone 2 miles against the wind 
when we heard someone yell behind us. 
Looking back, we saw the handcar with 2 
men, pumping for all they were worth. 
We tried to flag them, but they just 
grinned and pumped. We had a mind to 
take a shot at them, but while we were 
talking it over they got out of range, so 
we gave it up. 

By that time we wanted to shoot some- 
thing, so Pard said: "There's a jack in 
tnat cornfield. I smell him." Over the 
fence we went. Presently I saw Pard stop 
and laugh. His jack was fast in a big tum- 
ble weed. The snow was so deep that I 
guess he thought he could get through the 
weed easier than the snow. Finally he 
managed to extricate himself and started 
for Wyoming. Pard stuck up his 16 gauge 
Lefever. Pop, and Jack died. 

After going through the cornfield we 

climbed back to the railroad and pounded 
ties for about 1% miles more. Then we 
had a consultation and decided to go to the 
river, about 2 miles, and hunt cottontails. 
We tramped through the snow for what 
seemed about 4 miles. The river kept mov- 
ing away. At least we could not see that 
we were getting any nearer to it, so we 
changed the programme to jacks again. We 
had not gone far when I heard Pard's gun 
pop and saw a jack kicking about it. 

That was a long shot. Pard stepped it 
off; 68 steps, and he is no kid. Pard was 
shooting 2% drams of smokeless powder 
and 1 ounce No. 8 chilled shot. 

We went into another cornfield, and soon 
I saw a brown spot on the snow. I in- 
vestigated. It was about 25 yards away. I 
stood transfixed. Suddenly they thought of 
something over in the next field. Up they 
jumped with a loud whir. We counted 14 
beautiful Bob Whites. I have hunted Bob 
for 20 years, but never found him so tame 
before. There is no open season on Bob 
in Colorado and if there were it would be 
out before now. 

Farther on Pard stopped in an open 
field. There was not a track in sight. He 
called me over, and there, within 4 feet of 
him, all cuddled up in a little heap about as 
big as your fist, sat Mr. Jack. I guess he 
had been there since the snow before and 
thought best not to make any tracks. I 
wanted Pard to shoot the top of his head 
off, as we were out of meat, but Pard ob- 
jected. Wanted to give him a show for his 
life. Wanted me to shoot him. Suddenly 
it dawned on me that I had not shot yet, so 
I told Pard to pull, but Jack would not, so I 
pulled. Pard told me to kick him. I walked 
up to Jack and yelled, "Pull," but he would 
not stir, so I said : "If you will not pull 
I will push." I gave him a good kick on 
the end of the tail, and he jumped, snorted, 
shook himself and pulled for Kansas, with 
a load of chilled y's after him from my 
Parker. Jack and 7's got mixed up at 
about 40 yards and Jack concluded to stay 
in Colorado. 

We tramped our legs nearly off in the 
deep snow, got 2 more Jacks and one cot- 
tontail. Pard skinned me good. He killed 
5 out of the 6 that we got. We arrived at 
the depot in La Salle at 3 p. m., tired almost 
to death, but happy. 

On the train home we met another hunt- 
er. He had 11 ducks, 6 mallards and 5 
teal. He had one jack that he wanted to get 
rid of so I relieved him. On the train were 
about 40 colored soldiers from Ft. Russell, 
Wyoming, who had just been discharged 
and paid off. They were much inter- 
ested in our game, much more than we 
were in theirs (craps). One of them 
offered me 15 cents for a jack. Not much, 
Bill. Those Jacks were worth $4 apiece. 
At 6.05 we arrived in Denver O. K. 












for 1903 would be to save some? 
thing from your income. 

An Equitable Endowment policy will .r 

^ 1 _ 1 1 ._ ^ _-: ^f • - < • -<E 

1903, but will help you to save during every W 
year for 15 or20years — and will assure 
your life in addition. 

A resolution of this kind will not 

* ~ tip 

carried out. If it is acted upon, the money 

you might waste will be saved. 

If you would like to accustom yourself to [Si 
saving something each year, fill out coupon below Js 

(Vacancies in every State for men of character to act as 
repr esentatives. Apply to Gage E. Tarbell, 2d Vice-Prest. 

120 BROADWAY, NEW YORK. Dept. 16 

Please send me information regarding an Endowment for 
.if issued at yeats of age. 






" For sport the lens is better than the gun. " 
/ wish to make this department of the utmost 
use to amateurs. I shall, therefore, be glad to 
answer any questions and to print any items sent 
me by practical amateurs relating to their experi- 
ence in photography. 

The use of a citrate instead of a bromide 
as a restrainer should be given a trial. 
Good authorities have advised its employ- 
ment, claiming that its addition to the de- 
veloper as soon as all desired detail was 
out not only restrained but entirely pre- 
vented further increase of detail, while al- 
lowing density to build up to any desired 
degree of which the plate is capable. With 
it one may over expose quite freely. The 
plate must be started in a developer weak 
in alkali, so the image will come up slowly, 
and then the production of detail in the 
high lights can be stopped at any point 
desired by adding 2 drams of citrate solu- 
tion to the 4 or 5 ounces of developer em- 
ployed. It is best to throw away this first 
solution after adding the citrate and rock- 
ing the tray a few minutes and secure 
density by applying a developer similar to 
Cramer's" bromo-hydro formula. Used in 
smaller quantities as a simple restrainer it 
has advantages over bromide. The compar- 
atively high cost of the chemical in the 
solid form is no doubt the cause of its not 
being more nopular. When it is once under- 
stood that the solution is easily prepared by 
adding sulphuric acid to a solution of the 
carbonate, either potassium or sodium, until 
it becomes slightly acid, this drawback is 
at once removed. It is only the difficulty 
of crystallizing the chemical that gives it its 
high cost at the chemist's. 

I had occasion the other day to insist 
that an amateur friend furnish me with 
some mounted pictures for wall decoration 
at a boys' club. He complained, with some 
truth, that he had no time to print any. I 
took 3 or 4 sheets of melton faced mount- 
ing board out to his house and made him 
show me what he had on hand. The stock 
consisted of some proofs of negatives that 
he considered unsatisfactory and some 
Velox prints that were rejected because 
stained on the edges. They all needed 
trimming down to get out the best there 
was in them. Some of the rejected nega- 
tives contained bits that were gems. One 
of them produced a 2 x 10 panel that would 
have been an honor to any exhibition. Fif- 
teen or 20 of them were trimmed and past- 
ed, some on the backs of other spoiled 
prints and others on the black paper that 
comes around plates. These were again 
trimmed to leave a narrow border of either 

white or black and then mounted on the 
large sheets of different colored mounting 
board which I afterward cut up with scis- 
sors and trimmed with a card cutter. The 
prints were a revelation to my. friend. His 
dealer will have a hard time selling him 
any more stock sizes in mounts, but per- 
haps he will sell him enough of the mount- 
ing board to balance. 

When the fascinating process of using 
platinotype paper is taken up, it will 
not be long before some negatives are 
found which, being strong in con- 
trast, require the printing to be carried on 
for such a length of time that the shadows 
are perfectly bronzed, and when develop- 
ment takes place the deep shadows re- 
fuse to come up anything but a dull 
brown, being much as if they had rusted 
like old scrap iron. It may so happen 
that the general appearance of the print as 
a whole does not materially suffer when 
looked at straight in front, but on viewing 
it from one side the defect is evident. The 
remedy is to brush over the parts solarized 
a wash of wax water magilp, which may 
be obtained at art supply stores. It is 
used in water-color painting to add force 
to deep shadows, and the improvement it 
brings about on a faulty platinotype print 
is marked. The dingy, rusty color will in- 
stantly depart, and the shadows will lose 
their bronzed appearance. 

The directions that accompany develop- 
ers say to do this for under exposure, and 
to do that for over exposure, but no allow- 
ance is made for the fact that there is a 
vast difference in the behavior of a plate 
exposed on a contrasty subject and one ex- 
posed on a subject that is flat, or contains 
a short range of tones. An ordinary por- 
trait contains a short scale. A strong de- 
veloper, acting quickly, is required. The 
average interior contains a long scale of 
gradation from deep darks to highest 
lights. A weak developer and plenty of 
time are needed. For over exposure on 
subjects with a short scale of gradation 
use a weak developer well restrained. With 
a long scale, use less alkali, more reducer 
and no bromide. For under exposure with 
a short scale of gradations use as strong a 
developer as the plate will stand for a 
long time. With a long scale of grada- 
tions in the subject, use a solution weak 
in reducer and strong in alkali. 

Daylight as an illuminant in developing 
is too variable. Besides, almost any color- 
ing matter will lose its value to some ex- 
tent if exposed to strong daylight for 
months. However, a fairly durable glaze 
for a dark room window. may be made as 
follows : Coat each side of the glass with 
a solution of gelatine, coloring one solu- 
tion with erythrosin and the other with 



orange G, aniline colors. The first will 
absorb the green and the latter the blue 
and violet rays. The gelatine films should 
be protected with a good coat of varnish. 
Old negatives may be utilized by removing 
the image with a reducer and then stain- 
ing the film with a solution of the dye. 
One might also place 2 of the differently 
dyed plates face to face before inserting in 
the sash, thus avoiding the necessity of 
varnishing them. 

A weak solution of cyanide of potas- 
sium will remove the red spots that are so 
often a blemish to otherwise fine prints on 
aristo platino. One should bear in mind 
that it is a deadly poison and must be 
used with care. A 10 per cent solution 
makes a good stock strength. This may be 
diluted 6 or 8 times and used either locally 
by applying with a tuft of cotton or the 
print may be immersed in the solution. A 
few drops, say 2 to the ounce, will prevent 
dirty whites on developing paper if added 
to the developer with the regular allow- 
ance of bromide. Too much will yellow 
the whites and cause a loss of detail, but 
it will keep the whites clear where further 
addition of bromide would result in muddy 

The neatest finish for the sink and 
shelves of a dark room, as well as the 
walls in their vicinity, is a coat of bath-tub 
enamel. For resisting th: action of al- 
alkalies and acids, a coating of this enamel 
will surprise anyone who has used only 
ordinary paint around the developing sink. 
There will be no water-soaked wood in the 
room, no blotches of crystallized chemicals 
where solutions have been spilled, no float- 
ing particles in the air; no dust collected 
here and there because it is too much 
trouble to rub it off. The smooth polished 
surface is a constant invitation to give the 
dusting brush the little exercise required 
to keep all as clean as a parlor. 

A mountant that keeps well in a fairly 
tight jar is made as follows : Work up 
2y 2 ounces of best arrowroot with 2 ounces 
of water to form a thick cream free from 
lumps. Add 30 ounces of water and into 
this stir 1-3 ounce of 'good ground glue. 
Bring to a boil slowly, stirring constantly, 
and remove after 5 minutes' boiling. When 
nearly cool, add slowly with vigorous stir- 
ring 2 ounces of alcohol containing 10 or 
12 drops of pure carbolic acid. A little 
perfume may be introduced if desired. 
Should it become too thick rub up with a 
little water.. 

To print a developing paper by daylight, 
fit a printing frame with a hinged or sliding 
lid so that no light will reach the negative 
until ready to make the exposure. To bring 
the time of exposure within easily con- 
trolled limits it is advisable to fit the print- 

ing frame with a sheet of ground glass or 
to paste over the front of it several sheets 
of tissue paper. The light from a North 
window is the best to employ, as it is sur- 
prisingly uniform throughout the larger 
portion of the day. 

Bulbs of instantaneous shutters and 
other India rubber apparatus that have be- 
come hard and fragile with time can be 
softened by putting them in the following 
bath 5 minutes to an hour, according to 
their hardness : Water 2 parts, ammonia 1 
part. In case there are any cracks in the 
articles, they can be closed, after the soft- 
ening, by coating their edges with India 
rubber solution as sold in the bicycle stores 
for repairing tires. — Western Camera 

What is the cause of rust or stain spots 
on film negatives? I think they do not ap- 
pear until after prints have been made. 
Can they be removed? How? Why will 
not negatives always dry properly? Is 
silver printing paper the same as Solio? 
C,. Steckman, Minerva, Ohio. 


Rust spots which appear on film nega- 
tives are probably hypo stains. They 
may be caused by getting hypo into the de- 
veloper in some way; for instance, by hav- 
ing hypo on the fingers. The use of agate 
ware trays will also tend to give the film 
the same appearance. 

There is no method known by which 
hypo or rust spots can certainly be removed 
from negatives. The most important thing 
in amateur photography is cleanliness, and 
great care should be taken in the use of 
hypo, or spots will appear in the negatives 
and in the prints. 

Silver printing paper is the same as Solio. 
Solio is what is known as a gelatinum- 
chloride on silver printing paper. Almost 
all the printing-out papers are silver papers. 

If you will use a small quantity of gly- 
cerine in your last wash water when wash- 
ing your film negatives, in a proportion of 
% ounce to 10 ounces of water, your 
negatives will dry much flatter and be less 
likely to curl. — Editor. 

What is the right exposure for a view 
by full moonlight? By electric lamplight? 
The lens is a rapid rectilinear. What kind 
of pictures can be classed as genre pic- 
tures? How can I get some photos copy- 
righted without paying a lawyer to attend 
to the matter for me? Which is the more 
rapid, the rapid rectilinear lens with which 
the 5x7 Poco and Premo camsras art- 
fitted, or a Bausch & Lomb rapid universal 
lens, speed of 8? If a view taken with the 
first lens requires x / 2 second, open dia- 



phragm, what is the time with the Bausch 
& Lomb lens? 

L. Goodrich, San Antonio, Texas. 


For moonlight views expose one-half 
hour to an hour, according to strength of 
light, condition of atmosphere, etc. For 
night views in cities, 5 to 10 minutes. 

Genre pictures are those typical of scenes 
of everyday life, types of people, etc. 

Send 2 copies of each photo to the Li- 
brarian of Congress, Washington, D. C. 
The fee is 50 cents a plate. If you wish a 
certificate of copyright the fee is $1. 

These lenses are supposed to work at 
F. 8, and there is practically no difference 
in their speed. — Editor. 


I see in September Recreation S. N. 
Leek, of Jackson, Wyoming, says he had 
trouble in reloading his camera plates 
without blurring. I learned how from ex- 
perience. If an amateur on a camping trip 
does not carry a cheap ruby candle, fold- 
ing lantern or lamp he will at least have a 
lantern. Before starting he should buy 5 
cents worth of orange office paper, which 
he can find in any book store. Put a lan- 
tern on any camp stool or box ; put the 
yellow or orange paper around the lantern 
and pin it; then put a blanket around your 
head, pin it, and stoop over so the blanket 
will also cover the box with the lantern on. 
Under this cove* the plates can be reload- 
ed as well as in t._ . best dark room, and 
there will be no danger of blurring them. 
I have a good Goerz No. 3 double anastig- 
mat lens, with Bausch & Lomb shutter. 
Joseph Stenhura, Manitou, Colo. 

I was much interested in what J. C. C. 
says in May Recreation about Cyko paper. 
A year ago I was in Idaho and sent to a 
Chicaeo concern for some Cyko paper and 
Cyko developer. The paper worked nicely 
until it reached the washing stage ; then 
trouble came in the shape of blisters. In 
order to save any prints I had to reduce 
the time of washing to J4 °f that specified 
in the directions. I sent a blistered print 
to my dealer and asked advice. Another 
lot of paper was sent me, and I was 
told that the first batch might have been 
an old emulsion. The new paper was 
worse than the old, and began to blister 
the moment it was put in water. However, 
the few prints I succeeded in saving were 
beautiful. Should be glad to learn more 
about this paper from those who have used 
it. J. E. Bates, Spokane, Wash. 

graphic competition to October 3rd, 1903. 
This has met with general approval among 
photographers, who realize the importance 
of this competition, and are anxious to sub- 
mit as perfect work as possible. A num- 
ber of the foremost photographers of the 
country have signified their intention of en- 
tering the competition, and the spirit of 
the competitors indicates as much interest 
in making choice exhibits as in winning the 
pecuniary awards. These aggregate $3,000. 
The special award of $300 as a grand prize 
for the photograph snowing the best lens 
work of any submitted in the competition 
is attracting much attention among photo- 
graphers who seek to know the lens and its 

A meeting was held at the rooms of the 
Brooklyn Camera Club, 776 Manhattan 
avenue, Brooklyn, November 17 last, for 
the purpose of organizing a League of 
Long Island photographic clubs. Some 
preliminary work in this direction was 
done, and another meeting will be held at 
the same place in the near future, when 
it is hoped the League may be permanently 
organized. At the last meeting Mr. Ed- 
win Torbohm was elected President, and 
Mr. John J. Tresidder Secretary of the 
new organization. 

My explanation of the "20th Century 
Dawn," October, 1902, page 253, is this : 
The photographer did not see half the 
sun's disk above the horizon, but he saw 
th ; --fraction of the sun's rays before it 
had louched the horizon with its upper 
limb ac.d the camera caught the whole 
disk. It is a well known fact that the sun 
and moon are seen before they have actu- 
ally risen and seen after they have set. 
This effect is caused by the refraction of 
the rays in the air. 

Geo. C, Eyrich, Jackson, Miss. 

I saw in October Recreation, page 326. 
that Joseph B. D., Allegheny, Pa., wishes 
to buy negatives of the Pan-American ex- 
position. I have a number, 4x5, quite good, 
which I am willing to sell. 

O. R. Cutchlon, Clarion, Pa. 

The Bausch & Lomb Optical Company, 
Rochester, N. Y., have advanced the date 
of closing their quarter century photo- 

A yearly subscription to Recreation is 
one of the most practicable and useful 
presents you could possibly give a man or 
boy who is interested in nature study, 
fishing, hunting, or amateur photography. 

All boys instinctively love the woods. 
Recreation teaches them to love and to 
study the birds and the animals to be 
found there.. If you would have your son, 
your brother, your husband, or your sweet- 
heart interested in nature, let him read 
Recreation. It costs only $1 a year and 
would make him happy 12 times a year. 


Anybody can make 
Good Pictures by the 

Kodak System 

Loading, unloading, developing, printing 
— all by daylight. Better results than 
the old way, too 

Dark- Room 



New booklet, " The Kodak Way" free at the dealers or by mail 

\ %mmmmk 






Al-Vista Camera,oryou canl 

All our cameras take the daylight loading film car- 
tridges — the regular sizes, so that any dealer can 
supply you, no matter in what part of the world you 
and your "Al-Vista " may be. 

We now send you any camera described in our cata- 
logue upon a small payment being made. The 
remainder you may pay in monthly instalments 
while you are using the camera. Write us for full 
information about this. 

flultiscope & Film Co. 

136 Jefferson Street* 



| Are You an 

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Ask the dealer for them 
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Angle Anastigmats on the market. "Write and let us mail you 
our catalogue giving a detailed description of these lenses* 



If so, you can get it 
Without $1 of Expense 

A Model io, Century Camera. Listed at $9. 
For six yearly subscriptions to 

A Model 12, Century Camera. Listed at 
$18. For 12 yearly subscriptions to 

A 5x7 Century Grand. Long Focus, Double 
Swing, with Wide Angle Lens. Listed 
at % 60. For 40 yearly subscriptions to 

Such opportunities were never before 

I have but a few of these Cameras on 
hand, and when the supply is exhausted 
this offer will be withdrawn. 

Sample copies of Recreation for use in 
canvassing furnished on application. 

Recreation, 23 West 24th St. 

New York City 


To any person sending me a subscription 
to Recreation,, accompanied by $i, I will 
send one copy of the "Song of Songs," a 
drama in 5 acts, based on the Song of Solo- 
mon. This is an interesting, instructive 
and elevating play, written by my late hus- 
band, the Rev,. Morse Rowell, Jr. The 
book is bound in paper and is alone worth 
$1. In addition I have arranged with the 
editor of Recreation to send the magazine 
to all subscribers who may send me their 
subscription on this plan. 

Mrs. Belle J. E. Rowell, 

Miller Place, L. I. 

Free: For 1 year's subscription of Rec- 
reation, through me, will give 1 Bromide 
enlargement, any size up to 11x14 inches 
inclusive, from any negative not larger than 
4x5 ; or from photographs. Negatives and 
Photos to be returned to the owner. Here 
is a rare chance to get a large Photo from 
your pet Negative, also Recreation for $1. 
A. F. Evarts, Meriden, Conn. 


I will pay cash rr give liberal exchange for interesting 
unmounted photographs, any size, either amateur or 
professional. Wilfred S, TUton, Prairie 
Depot, Ohio. 




Series V Long Focus Korona 

Can be used with equal facility for 
everyday, hand-camera 

Snap Shots 

Photographing Distant Views 


or other work needing bellows ca- 
pacity, and also with wide-angle 
lenses for interiors and kindred 


Every adjustment is a marvel 
of simplicity and mechanical 
ingenuity, and many of them 
are found exclusively on the 

Note our patent auxiliary 
bed for use with wide-angle 
lenses, and compare it with 

the clumsy methods used to obtain this 
result on other cameras. 

Our patent automatic swing back op- 
erates from the center according to correct 


Has a Convertible Lens, Automatic Shut- 
ter, and numerous other special advantages. 
Catalogue gives full information 

(nflKHhUinii Optical Go. 



Decorate Your Den 

With a set of the most beautiful 

Hunting and Fishing Pictures 

ever made. 
15 Plates. Size for Framing, 18 x 24 inches 






















These 1 5 plates are lithographed in the true colors of nature and altogether 
make one of the finest series of pictures of outdoor sports ever published. 


I have bought the last of them and can furnish a complete set for 15 yearly 
subscriptions to Recreation. 

Or will sell at $10.00 a set. 

Address, RECREATION, 23 West 24th Str^t, Ntw York City. 



Something JVebv! 


Attachable Eyeglass Temples 

Every wearer ot eyeglasses wishes occasionally that they 
were spectacles. Spectacles stay on, however violent one's 
exercise, however warm or stormy the weather. This little 
device can be readily attached or detached without injury to 
the lenses, thus in a second giving you the choice of either 
spectacle or eyeglass. Just the thing for outdoor sports. 
The Temple Attachment will fit any of your eyeglasses and 
can be carried in the same case with them. 

Send thickness of 1'iis when ordering by mail. 

Price in Nickel. 50 cents a pair 

Price in Gilt, 75 cents per pair. 

Send for Circular. 

Our illustrated holiday catalogue can be had for the asking 
We carry everything in the Optical and Photographic line 
Eyeglasses, Spectacles, Cameras, Opera, Field or Marine 
Glasses, Thermometers. Barometers, Telescopes, Hygrom- 
eters, Sun-dials, etc. 

GALL & LEMBKE, Department C. 
Established 1842. 21 Union Sq., New York. 

Lake Koshkonong is in Southern Wis- 
consin; is io miles long and 3 to 4 wide. 
It is the favorite feeding ground of the 
canvasback duck, and they are there in 
thousands in the spring and fall. Fish 
abound in its waters. We have game hogs 
there in plenty. They shoot canvasbacks 
for market, and use great strings of decoys 
and a scull boat in violation of the game 
law. About 30 of them were arrested and 
fined last fall. Hotel accommodation is 
good and there are plenty of boats. 

H. E. Shannon, Westby, Wis. 

Prairie chickens abound on the plains of 
Eastern Washington, and blue grouse are 
numerous in the timber. There are plenty 
of elk, deer and bear in the mountains. I 
have hunted the ranges from Idaho to 
British Columbia, and am especially fa- 
miliar with the Clear Water. If any reader 
wants information about that country, I 
shall be glad to hear from him. 

W. J. Davidson, Oakesdale, Wash. 

White Mountain Views Free 

To any person sending me a subscription to Kecr e- 
ATION accompanied by $1. I will send two mounted 
photos, on velox paper taken among the W hite Moun- 
tains, size 6x8; one shows Mt. Washington snow 
capped. To any one sending 2 subscriptions with $2 
I will send a souvenir of the White Mountains, size 
4^x5^ containing seven photos. Send P. O. Money 

M. E. TUTTL.E, Box 337, Dover, N. H. 

•Prints at Night-| 

LV* '.[ 

A Night f^K^TT^f^ No Dark 

Printing I Y 14 ( I Room 

Paper ^^ A. J_^V^ Required 

Makes Beautiful Prints in Black and White. 

The Only Paper for Winter Scenes 

One dozen 4x5 Cyko with Developer, 20 cents. 
01 your dealer, or 


122-124 Fifth Ave., New York Atlas Block, Chicago 


Special attention given to the wants of Amateur 
Photographers Correspondence promptly at- 
tended to. I refer by permission to the Editor 


606 W. U5th Street, New York City. 

Huron Indian Work: To any one sub- 
scribing to Recreation through me I will 
give a Bracelet and Ring worked in horse- 
hair, with any small inscription you like, 
your name, etc., woven in it with caribou 
hair; quite a curiosity, Send along your $1. 
Walter Legare, 518^ John Street, Quebec, 

Do You Want a Drinking Cup Free? 

Send me $1 for a new subscription to Recre- 
ation and I will send you either a fine nickel- 
plated folding drinking cup or a collapsible 
rubber cup. For 10 cents extra will send 
by registered mail. Thomas H. Walker, 
295 Merrimac Street, Manchester, N. H. 


for Public Exhibitions, Church Entertainments, for 
illustrating sermons. Many sizes. All prlOM. 
Chance for men with little capital to make 
money. 260 page Catalogue FREE. 

MCALLISTER, Mfg. Optician, 49 Nassau St., h. Y. 




There seems to be many styles of buck 
fever, but most attacks are confined to the 
first sight of wild dee.. The first deer I 
saw was after days of patient watching, and 
when I heard a noise in a fallen tree top, 
I thought it must be a man. However, an 
old doe and a fawn soon came in sight, 
stopped, looked around and then loped 
slowly across an old logging road. I re- 
member how tightly I gripped my gun, 
and how hard I tried to aise it to my 
shoulder, but it seemed impossible to move 
it. In fact, I stood paralysed, rooted to 
the spot. My hair seemed to rise, my 
tongue was dry and my heart pounded 
against my ribs in a most painful manner. 
As the deer, all unconscious of my presence, 
walked slowly out of sight, I took to tremb- 
ling and am sure I could not have hit a 
flock of barns. It was a full hour before 
I could control my reason, and the sensa- 
tion will never be forgotten. 

Another case : A young man on his first 
deer hunt saw a doe feeding about 8 rods 
away. He raised his rifle, took careful 
aim, but could not pull the trigger. Try 
as hard as he would he could not make his 
finger move.. 

In another case the fever seemed to af- 
fect the finger in a different way. The hunt- 
er was standing on a runway with cocked 
gun and the muzzle resting on the toe of 
his shoe to keep the snow out. When an 
old buck walked out near him his finger 
worked but he failed to remove the gun 
from his foot. The loss of his toe brought 
him back to his senses. 

Another inexperienced Nimrod, a man 
of about 30 years, was placed on a runway 
while the rest of the party drove a small 
thicket. They started a large buck which 
took the right runway and passed un- 
harmed within 10 feet of the astonished 
hunter. All the poor fellow did was to 
exclaim, "Wasn't he big!" Perhaps the 
scolding he got steadied his reason, for he 
killed his next deer without looking to see 
if it was big or little. 

Here is a case where the fever affected 
the auditory nerves. A man about 60 years 
old, who was a fine shot, but who had al- 
ways hunted small game, saw his first deer. 
There were 3 quietly feeding on a hillside. 
Taking a careful aim at the shoulder of the 
largest, the hunter pulled the trigger. The 
deer all ran over the hill out of sight, and 
the man believed that he had snapped a 
poor cartridge, for it did not make any 
noise. In the belief that the shell had 
missed fire, he returned to camp.. After we 
heard his story of how this deer had 
dropped her tail and then run ahead of the 
others, we sent a party back to investigate. 
They found a dead deer, shot through the 

It is no disgrace to have this fear, even 
if it lasts longer than the first sight of 
game ; because the one who has it the worst 
generally has the larger imagination and 
will make the keenest sportsman. 

Medicus, Hart, Mich,. 



The pleasures of the sportsman are 
largely increased by the fellowship of an 
agreeable companion. Anyone will not do; 
such a man must have more than ordinary 
patience and forbearance. He must also 
have ability, joined to a keen sportive na- 
ture. When he makes a clean miss he 
must be able to endure all your ridicule; 
and when you miss he should be ready to 
return the compliment. 

When you make a record (not a game 
hog's record), he of all men must magni- 
fy it till you really think you have grown 
a few inches taller. When you get the 
buck fever and allow that 200-pound deer 
to walk away from you, he must palliate 
the circumstances by the assurance that it 
was one of the most difficult shots he ever 
saw. When you lose your "biggest fish" he 
must tell it to the boys and make it still 

To the tenderfoot such a companion may 
seem unnecessary, but to the man who loves 
gun and rod he is a blessed reality and a 
necessity. To such a friend you tell the 
"whole truth" ; to the other fellows you 
never reveal how the deer was rubbing the 
end of your rifle barrel when you missed, 
or that the fish got away because you were 

Such a companion exists. He paddles the 
boat patiently hour after hour when you 
cast your new bait, assuring him that the 
fish will follow it right into the boat. He 
sits by your side in the crowded buckboard 
as you drive in the "wee" hours of the 
morning on a wild goose chase, or to some 
favorite hunting ground. He indulges your 
every whim and crawls out of his warm 
bed at unseemly hours at your call. Dur- 
ing the close season he drops in for a 
chat and revives memories of many 
a pleasant outing spent together. He is 
your right hand man whenever you need 
him. You are happy when you can beat 
him at a score and just as happy when he 
beats you. He must not be your inferior 
but at times your superior. All brother 
sportsmen know this companion ; but for 
him the woods would be empty and the 
lakes lonely. 

This region is a good game country. 
Deer have increased wonderfully in the 
last 3 years, and do not leave for the 
ftigh mountains in summer as they used to. 
The game law is generallv respected. 
Hunting parties from the East do not stop 
here, but cross the range. Bears are numer- 
ous ; mountain lions are also plentiful, but 
hard to find. I succeeded in getting 2 last 
November. Wildcats, coyotes, a few gray 
wolves and some mountain sheep complete 
our list of large game. I use a .38-55 '94 
model Winchester. If that gun was built 
for smokeless powder it would have no 

A. L. Sweitzer, Bare Hills, Colo, 



David and Goliath. 

A Little Shot Put Old King Coffee Out of Business. 

When medicine fails, they sometimes 
send sick people away to another climate 
for their health. Sometimes the climate 
does it, but more often they stumble on 
the proper food to take, and then get 

A lady in San Diego tells of a friend 
who left her home each December, for the 
past two winters, to come to California for 
her health. She says: — ''Almost all of 
her time was spent in visiting the doctor 
and sitting in a big chair and watching 
the clock to note the time for her next 
dose of medicine. Nervousness was her 
principal trouble, and with others of a 
kindred nature, made life for her a bur- 

On the occasion of her last visit, I 
begged her to give up the use of coffee, and 
use Postum Coffee. She replied that she 
could not stop coffee. I said no more at 
the time, but the next morning at break- 
fast, I passed her a fragrant, steaming 
top of Postum, making it as it should be 

made. After that, I had no more trouble, 
and my friend drank no more coffee. But 
the most surprising part of the experi- 
ence was the change that soon came over 

We began to notice it within less than 
a week. In less than a month, her nerv- 
ousness had left her, and in three months, 
she was a new woman in face, figure and 
health. I had not dared to hope for so 
much benefit, although I had been greatly 
benefited myself by Postum, but coffee 
to her system was simply poisonous and I 
believe this is the case with many others. 

She returned to her home in Decem- 
ber, and was married within less than two 
months after. She never fails to give 
credit to Postum for her health, or thanks 
to me for teaching her to make it properly, 
and well she may, for Postum has done 
for her what travel, doctors and medicine 
failed to do." 

Name given by Postum Cereal Com- 
pany, Limited, Battle Creek, Michigan. 




*J.V * 

^ ^ 5J5 3J5 ^ 3J5 3^5 3J5 ^ ^ ^ 


Playing Cards 
Favorites the 
world over. 

When you play with "Bicycle" Playing 
Cards you Hold Good Cards. Sold by 
dealers. Popular price. 29 backs. Order 
byname. Design shown is "Locomobile." 
Copyrighted, 1900, by 

The U. S. Playing Card Company, 
Cincinnati, U. S. A. 

Warm Feet 


The greatest comfort and luxury of modern days; 
magnetic fire under your feet; the greatest life-pro- 
tector known; your feet keep warm all the time, 
even if standing in water, snow and ice. Keeps 
rheumatism, colds and grippe out. If you doubt 
our word for it read what men and women, whose 
only interest in Thacher is what he has done 
for them, have to say. Following are extracts from 
genuine letters, which anyone can see : 

Knoz, Pa. 
They keep my feet warm 
& I feel ever so much bet- 
ter. Mrs. Eliza Duncombe. 

St. Louis, Mo. 
I am glad to be able to 
say that my wife no longer 
suffers with cold feet. The 
insoles benefited her 
from the first time she 
wore them. J. D. Wilson. 

Bordentown, N. J. 
Please send me a pair of 
No. 7 Magnetic Insoles. I 
have been greatly benefit- 
ed by the pair I purchased 
ayearago. P.J. Scovel.Jr. 

St. Johns, N.B. 
They are little giants of 
force and warmth. 

C. J. Walsh. 

Vacaville, Cal, 
They seem to be the only 
thing that will cure ana 
prevent chilblains. 

Chas. S. Curtis. 

Price $1.00 per Pair or Three Pairs for $2.00. 

Send for book full of information, mailed free on request. 

Masonic Temple* 87, Chicago* III 

The Atlin district, in British Columbia, 
abounds in bear, mountain sheep, goats, 
moose, caribou, grouse, ptarmigan, ducks 
and geese.. Recently on a trip to Leslie's 
lake, 90 miles from Atlin, my partner and I 
saw numerous caribou, and a large band 
of mountain sheep. We could easily have 
photographed 2 caribou and 3 sheep. This 
section of the country has been little 
hunted save near the mining camps. It is 
full of lakes and rivers abounding in fish 
and easily navigable. Although in the 
Arctic slope the climate is all that can be 
desired ; August, September and October 
being the most enjoyable months. I should 
be pleased to answer any inquiries from 
fellow sportsmen. 

Chas. B. Jones, Atlin, B. C. 

Free : Cloth bound book, 766 pages, finely 
illustrated, on our war with Spain, given 
free to each one who subscribes for Recrea- 
tion through me. Address, C. L. WyckofI, 
Cuba, N. Y. 

Trial Box Free 

which will give any lady a 
beautiful complexion. Itisnot 
a face powder, cream, cosmetic 
or bleach, but ii absolutely 
pure and you can use it private- 
ly at home. It permanently re- 
moves moth patches, redness, 
crow's feet, pimples, black- 
heads, fleshworms, sallowness, 
freckies, tan, sunburn, and all 
complexion disfigurements _Ad« 
dress, Madame M. Ribault,8989 
Elsa Building., Cincinnati, Ohio 




Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Pleurisy, Sciatica, Nervous Pros- 
tration, or any Blood or Nervous Disorders. 




to prove how it restores the power and 
buoyancy of perfect health— curing 
absolutely any ailments caused 
by over-taxed nerves and de- 
pressed vitality. 

It is well known that all nervous diseases 
and resulting troubles arise from overworked 
nerves, wiiich cause poor circulation and sluggish blood. 
To successfully meet and master these conditions, has 
been tne hope of ages. Attempts to effect cures with 
internal remedies have proven a signal failure. A 
French physician, realizing this fact, experimented 
with various methods of supplementing the main 
nerves by artificial carriers of force, and the outgrowth 
of his experiments is 


This S.vtonic apparatus shown in drawing consists 
Of one main pad or "force center" applied to the back 
between the shoulder blades and two secondary pads 
or "force extremeties" applied to the soles of the feet. 
These are connected by "force carriers," which sup- 
plement the main nerves of the body, relieving them of 
the excess work necessary to quicken the circulation 
throughout the entire system. This stimulates circu- 
lation and carries to the remotest recesses of the body 
the curative properties contained in the pads, soothing, 
quieting and strengthening all the nerves, gathering 
the impurities from all diseased portions of the body. 
Every organ is strengthened, every function is re- 
stored and joyous, abundant health returns. 

This is a safe, logical treatment, and we have yet to 
find a single case of nervous or blood affliction which 
we cannot cure. 


Upon receipt of your name, address, height and 
nature of your trouble we will send you prepaid one complete apparatus with full 
directions absolutely free. No C. O. D. charges with the apparatus or afterward, or 
anything of that sort but ABSOLUTELY FREE. We only ask you to put on the apparatus and 
wear it; if it helps you send us one dollar; if not we ask not one cent. 

We can afford this offer, because failures are few. They occur only when there are cases 
like cancer, which nothing can cure. 

We have furnished the Sytonic apparatus to thousands, and 49 out of every 50 cases have 
cheerfully paid, because they got well. We stand the cost of the apparatus when one says we 
have failed. We don't want the money of the hopeless. 

WRITE TODAY, as we file applications in the order received. Address 

Dept. J. 


Financial References— People's National Bank, Jackson, Mich. JACKSON, MICH 

The Lamp of Steady Habits 

"'■■■ A 

The lamp that doesn't flare up or smoke, or cause you 
to use bad language ; the lamp that looks good when 
you get it and stays good ; the lamp that you never will- 
ingly part with, once you have it ; that's 

The J^ew Rochester. 


Other lamps may be offered you as "just as good "— 
they may be, in some respects, but for all around good- 
ness, there's only one. The New Rochester. To make 
sure the lamp offered you is genuine, look for the name 
on it ; every lamp has it. (300 Varieties.) 

Old. JLanrps Made New. 

We can fill every lamp want. No matter whether you 
want a new lamp or stove, an old one repaired or refln- 
ished, a vase mounted or other make of lamp transform- 
ed into a New Rochester, we can do it. Let usj 
send you literature on the subject. t 

We are SPECIALISTS in the treatment of diseases of 
Lamps. Consultation FREE. 

******, mE ROCHESTER LIMP CO., 38 Park Plac * * 88 Barclay St., Hew Yorfc. 

Bought ,cooki* & I 




I carried a Bausch & Lomb pris- 
matic field glass with me to the Rocky 
Mountains last spring and got so 
great an amount of pleasure and sat- 
isfaction from its use that I deem it 
only fair and proper to tell the read- 
ers of Recreation something about 
it. We camped in a canyon some 
2,000 feet deep. In fact, some of the 
peaks on either side of us rose 
to heights of 3,000 to 5,000 feet. 

and we could painly see his eyes, his 
horns and hoofs in detail. We could 
easily distinguished the mane and the 
beard, and could even determine 
whether or not his hair was wet or 
dry. We could tell when the goat 
was chewing his cud and when he was 
not. In cases where he had walked 
through patches of snow, we could 
track him by the aid of the glass. 
One old goat remained several days 


White goats were in sight nearly ev- 
ery day, on the sides of the moun- 
tains about us, though they never 
came within less than ^2 mile of the 
camp. On clear days I frequently 
set up the tripod of my camera, laid 
my gloves on it and the field glass 
on these, so that I could easily shift 
it, to command a view of any section 
of mountain or side of canyon wall 
within the range of our vision. The 
results I obtained in this way were 
simply marvelous. A goat a mile 
away would appear through the glass 
to be not more than 100 yards away, 

on a certain bench of the canyon wall, 
comprising not more than 5 acres of 
ground. This animal was nearly al- 
ways seen broadside to, but finally 
lay down facing us. I set up the 
tripod, took a careful look at the 
creature, and found it had been seri- 
ously wounded in some way. Its face 
was badly cut and torn, and a section 
of its nose, some 6 inches long, ex- 
tending from about the eyes to the 
tip, was an open sore. There was 
also a wound on one shoulder. 

We were there during the close 
season on these animals, and under 



other circumstances would not 
shot at one of them. I, however, told 
Mr. Wright, the guide, that I thought 
it would be best to go up and see 
what the trouble was with this ani- 
mal. He went, and Coleman with 
him. They easily got within 50 yards 
of the goat and found that the entire 
lower portion of its face had been 
torn off; that the nostrils were ex- 
posed and bleeding ; and they natural- 
ly concluded that as soon as the warm 
weather and the flies came the goat 
would die from the effects of its mis- 

We also had great fun watching 
birds and red squirrels, through the 
glass. A wren 100 yards away could 
be seen so plainly that we could count 
the feathers in its wings. 

In targeting our rifles, at 200 yards, 
we could see every bullet hole plainly, 
and thus dispense with the services of 
a marker. 

An old trapper who camped near us 
had a bear trap on the side of the 
mountain, nearly a mile from camp, 
and every morning we took a look at 
this to see whether it had been sprung. 

Field of Ordi- 
nary Glass. 


Field of STEREO Glass. 

fortune. They accordingly crawled up, 
made several photographs of the goat, 
in various positions, and then killed 
it, in order to put it out of its misery. 
The illustration herewith shows the 
goat in profile, but anyone familiar 
with the anatomy of this animal will 
see that the Roman part of its nose- 
so to speak, is all gone. Thus it hap- 
pened that we were able to save this 
poor beast from a slow and lingering 
death by having a powerful field glass 
with us. The goat had evidently been 
caught in a snow slide. 

Thus we saved him many a weary 
climb up the hill. Finally one morn- 
ing we saw something in the trap, 
sure enough. We could not quite de- 
termine what it was by simply hold- 
ing the glass to our eyes ; but when 
we put it on the tripod and made it 
rigid, we saw in a moment that the 
bear was only a measly porcupine. 

A prismatic field glass is an abso- 
lute necessity in the outfit of every 
hunter or nature student, and no man 
should ever go into camip without one 
of these powerful instruments 




For Holiday Presents 

For your best girl, or your brother, or for some other girl's brother, 
or for any one you love, and who is fond of skating 



For 5 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 


A pair of Lock Lever Skates i 


A pair of Ladies' Lock Lever Skates 

Grade 3, made by Barney & Berry, Springfield, Mass. 


As every skater knows, these are the best skates made in the world. 

The winter season is approaching, and 30 1 could scarcely select a more 
appropriate present 



than a pair of these high-grade skates. Only a limited stock on hand, and 
when these are gone this offer will be withdrawn. 

Sample copies of RECREATION for use in canvassing 
furnished on application. 




Twenty-five years ago in acquainting jewelers with the strength 
of the Jas. Boss Stiffened Gold Watch Cases, an enterprising 
salesman used the method here shown. 

Jas. Boss Cases are still the strongest cases made. As good 
as solid gold in appearance. Better than gold in wearing quality. 
Iyess than solid gold in cost. In a 

•SSBT' Watch Case 

there is a layer of very hard composition between an inside and outside 
layer of solid gold, reducing the cost of the case, and adding greatly to 
its strength. 
BOSS cases are guaranteed to wear 25 years ; are recognized as the 
standard, and sold as such by all jewelers. Write us for a booklet. 


By This Mark 

You Know Them. 

I have known 13 shots from a repeating 
gun fired at a deer 75 yards away, and not a 
hair of the animal was touched. Have seen 
cartridges ejected without being tired. 
Have known a bail to strike 14 feet above 
a deer at 20 yards distance and the man be- 
hind the gun so stricken with fever that he 
could not reload. How easy it is for a man 
badly rattled to fail to work the action of 
the gun to its full extent ! Under such con- 
ditions any repeater will balk. No man 
should take a gun with whose action he is 
unfamiliar, into the woods and expect it to 
do good work from the start. Study the 
mechanism of your weapon and do a little 
target shooting before you try it on game. 
Commencing as I did with a flint lock, al- 
most any modern gun seems to me marvel- 
ously accurate and efficient. 

C. T. B., Bear Lake, Pa. 

A recent story in Recreation reminds 
me of a great shot once made by Pitts 
Eastman, who formerly lived here. His 
father owned a single muzzle loading shot 
gun with a barrel 6 or 7 feet long, which was 
noted as a long range weapon of great kill- 
ing power. One day Pitts took the gun and 
went hunting. Seeing a rabbit 15 or 20 
rods away, he took careful aim and pulled 
the trigger. There was a loud report, but 
the rabbit never moved. Pitts thought it 
mighty queer, and to investigate the trou- 
ble, he climbed on a stump and looked 
down the muzzle of the gun. Pitts used to 
say, when telling the story : "I see that 
charge acomin' up awhizzin' an', by gosh ! 
I had jist time to pint the gun at the rab- 
bit when out it whooshed ; an' there warn't 
enough of that bunnv left to pick up." 
M. P. K., Comstock, N. Y. 

No. 58 

HERE IS A KNIFE Men Love So Much 
They Hate to Throw an Old Handle Away 

No. 58. Out is exact piza; 
ebony h.uidle, 3 blades, (»er- 
man silver ends. The Long 
blade is for rough or line 
walk; the medium blade is 
as thin as a razor. Price, 
postpaid. $1.00. 60.000 in use. 

Nn. 34 W« call 'Our Ma* 
terplece;' weighs only 2 

ozh : 3 cum tag blades; will 
cut a quill pen or an a\- 
handle; price, with ebony 
handle, postpaid, $1.25; 
ivory, $1.50; choicest pearl, 
Our Jack Knife sells al 76a | 
our special prion is 48c, postpaid, 
5for$2 00. All our blades iile test- 
ed; wai ranted; replaced lre» if 
sott or flawy. Birbers' hollow 
ground WaZor anil Wtrop to 
suit, $1.33. Send for lr<>e 8 ) page 
list and "HOW to Use a Razor." 

74 A Street Toledo, Ohio 



Master thinks Im a dandy 
at mixing cocktails? 



YOTI colI\ do it 
1 \J V/ just as well 

Pour over lumps of ice, strain a^nd serve 






mkCH ETiS 

Will power, the art of fascination, call it 
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You can possess a fine physique, a 
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, Dept. 89D- 1931 Broadway, Sew York . 

It is all in The Lens 

Any old box will answer the purpose if it 
does not leak light; but you must have a 
fine lens to make a fine picture. 

You can get 

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Sample copies of Recreation for use in 
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The only characteristic animal of Cuba 
is the hutia, or jutia. It is like a rat in 
habits and appearance, though much larger. 
It is 12 to 14 inches long, or with its tail 
18 to 20 inches. The body around its 
middle measures about 18 inches. It weighs 
as much as 11 pounds. This animal is fond 
of meat and fruits. The hutia is intelligent, 
lives in the open country or in the wooded 
hillsides, and enjoys the latter, as it is able 
to climb trees. Its ratlike appearance does 
not make it an inviting food for the North- 
erner, but the poorer native or the negro 
is as happy with a hutia as a Southern 
darkie is with a 'possum. There are no 
rabbits, nor squirrels,. The kildeer, or field 
plover, is quite common and tame, always 
running around near the tent or just out of 
one's path. Quails are much more numer- 
ous this year than last. Many a covey 
have I seen in the morning ; the mother 
playing lame while the young fly or run 
a few yards and hide. Quail is the favor- 
ite bird with Cubans, who are otherwise 
apparently not at all enthusiastic hunters. 
Wild guinea fowls are plentiful in the un- 
inhabited hills in some localities, but they 
are so wild that one never gets within 
range without great precaution, though their 
taunting "pot-rack" is continuously heard. 

Along the seacoast there are numberless 
little sand snipe. They fly in flocks so 
thick that with 5 good shots a man can 
qualify as a game hog. The cold snaps of 
a Northern winter are noticed here by an 
increase in the size of the flocks of canvas- 
back and blue wing teal. Parties go out 
along the coast in a boat, preferably to 
tramping the swampy shore, to some la- 
goon which proves a good feeding ground, 
and employ the same methods that are used 
in the United States in decoying ducks. 
The mud-hen is found in every inland lake 
or pool and the black diver is an all year 
frequenter of the Cuban coast. 
Courtland Nixon, 1st Lt., 2d Inf., U. S. A, 
Sancti Spiritus, Cuba. 




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Creole Belles, Two-Step 17 cts. 

Ben Hur Chariot Race, March - - - 17 cts. 

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Nerve — that prime essential to the success- 
ful living of "the strenuous life" — means 
not only physical perfection of nerve organ- 
ization, but also mental self-command and 
energy. The organic 
quality of brain and 
nerves depends upon 
the nutrition furnished 
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The greatest handi- 
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Varicocele is the di- 
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the most vital nerves 
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and impairs their function. 

My original discoveries, showing the re- 
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and mental disorders, as well as a new 
method of successful treatment, are fully 
explained in my treatise "Special Diseases." 
This book and my professional opinion of 
the particular case will be sent to every man 
who writes me a complete description of 
his condition. 

Nerve, and the life it gives, are of equal im- 
portance to the man who earns his living by 
his day's labor and to the man of affairs. My 
treatment is within the reach of every man 
who is sincere in his desire to obtain health. 
I hold consultation and give personal 
attention to private correspondence at 
Suite E, 119 Michigan Avenue, Chicago. 


My illustrated nature book on losses, 
varicocele, impotency, lame back, free, 
sealed, by mail. Much valuable advice 
and describes the new DR. SANDEN 
Worn nights. No drugs. Currents 
Ihoothing. Used by women also for 
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1155 Broadway, N. Y. 

Free Rupture Cure 

If ruptured write to "Dr. W. S. Rice, 1546 Main St., 
Adams, N. Y., and he will send free a trial of his won- 
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Don't Be Too Fat 

Don't ruin your stomach with a lot of useless drugs 
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1192 W. Main St., Battle Creek, Michigan, for a free 
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^P ^^F ^^ ■ I guarantee that a few drops c t' my liquid will remove 
hair instantaneously, effectively, and without the 
slightest harm, pain, burn or blister . Sent upon receipt ol fifty cents with 
full instructions . flme. HARIE LEON, 

905 E St. James Bldg-., 1133 Broadway, New York 

Your contributors delight in telling their 
successes, but here is a different story. One 
year ago last winter I made an extended 
trip through the Soutn and spent some time 
in Northern Alabama, where quails are ex- 
ceedingly plentiful. On one occasion a 
party of 4 hunted the entire day with 2 fine 
dogs. We started 11 coveys of quails and 
bagged one bird. Another time we were 
hunting at Fruithurst, Alabama, in tall 
grass, back of the hotel that had been spe- 
cially recommended as fine rabbit ground. 
Suddenly I noticed a great commotion in 
the weeds. Then I saw a white streak with 
a dog in pursuit.. Bang ! Dead rabbit ! How- 
ever, a close inspection disclosed the long, 
lean, still form of the hateful cat. My 
friend and I just planted him and made no 
return of our kill. I tell this, not with the 
intention of boasting, but merely to show 
what a city sportsman can do when he is 
given a chance. 

J. N. Ore, Chicago, 111. 















Using jp 


Produce each a disease 
having definite patholo- 
gy. The disease yields 
easily to the Treatment 
as administered at the 
following Keeley Insti- 
tutes • 


Head of the great Armour Packing Company, Chicago, 111., 
in a personal letter to Dr. Keeley, said: 

I have sent about two hun- 
dred of my employees, from 
butchers to foremen, and 
all have been permanently 
cured- I do not think there 
is any one thing, or any one 
man, who ever did the good 
to humanity that you are 
doing with your cure. 

Details of treatment and proofs of its success sent free on application to 
any of the institutes named. 


Birmingham, Ala. 
Hot Springs, Ark. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 
San Francisco, Cal., 

1L70 Market St. 
West Haven, Conn. 
Washington, D. C , 
211 N. Capitol St. 
Atlanta, Ga. 
Dwight, 111. 
Jharlestown, Ind. 
Karion, Ind. 

Des Moines, la. 
Crah Orchard, Ky. 
New Orleans, La., 

1628-38 Felicity St. 
Portland, Me. 
Lexington, Mass. 
Detroit, Mich., 

80 Lafayette St. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Kansas City, Mo. 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Boulder Hot Springs, 
Boulder, Mont. 
Carson City, Nev. 
Fargo, N. D. 
North Conway, N. H. 
Buffalo, N. Y. 
White Plains, N. Y. 
Harrisburg, Pa. 
Columbus, 0. 
Portland, Ore. 
Philadelphia, Pa., 
812 N. Broad St. 

Pittsburgh, Pa., 

4246 Fifth At* 
Providence, R. I. 
Columbia, S. C. 
Sioux Falls, S. D. 
Dallas, Tex., 

Bellevue Place. 
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Richmond, Va. 
Seattle, Wash. 
Waukesha, Wis. 
Toronto, Ont. 
Winnipeg, Man. 

"Non-Heredity of Inebriety," by Dr. Leslie E. Keeley, mailed on application. 

Leslie E. Keeley. M.D.. LL.D. 


^— ■■ ^ ^ — — — 

Cured to Stay Cured in 5 Days. 
No Gutting or Pain. Guaranteed 
Gure or Money Refunded. 

*/Angf*flf%gr/r Under my treatment this insidi- 
wM\r%m%M\3%0M^LmLm ous disease rapidly disappears. 
Pain ceases almost instantly. The stagnant blood is driven 
from the dilated veins and all soreness and swelling sub- 
sides. Every indication of Varicocele vanishes and in its 
stead comes the pleasure of perfect health. Many ailments 
are reflex, originating from other diseases. For instance, 
innumerable blood and nervous diseases result from poison- 
ous taints in the system. Varicocele and Hydrocele, if neg- 
lected will undermine physical strength, depress the mental 
!,. ., . faculties, derange the nervous system, and ultimately pro- 

TheMajterJ^ec^^ duce complicated results. In treating diseases of men I 


Hydrocele, and treats patients personally. 
Established 1880. 

( Copyrighted ) 

always cure the effect as well as the cause. I desire that 
every person afflicted with these or allied diseases write me 
so I can explain my method of cure, which is safe and per- 
manent. My consultation will cost you nothing, and my charges for a perfect cure will be reasonable and 
not more than you will be willing to pay for the benefits conferred. 

is what you want. I give a legal guaranty to cure or refund your money. 
What I have done for others I can do for you. I can cure you at home 
One personal visit at my office is preferred, but if 
it is impossible for you to call, write me your con- 
dition fully, and you will receive in plain envelope a scientific and honest opinion of your case, Free of 
charge. My home treatment is successful. My books and lectures mailed free upon application. 

H?J.TILLOTSOIN, M.D., 140Tillotson Bldg,84 Dearborn St., CHICAGO 

Certainty of Cure 
Correspondence Confidential* 







a trial package of a new and wonderful reme- 
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grows hair, stops hair falling out, removes 
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Send your name and address to the Altenheim 
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a 2-cent stamp to cover postage. Write to-day. V 


Cap'n Titus 


HP HESE amusing stories of New England 
* country folk center around the personal- 
ity of a grizzled old mariner, whose yarns 
have the salty flavor of the seacoast town 
where he lives. 

"A Cape Cod Munchausen." 

— New York Herald. 

"He is another David Harum in 
story-telling and trading." 

— New York Times. 

Order through your bookman; or we will 
send direct, postage paid 

Price, $1.00 

34 Union Square New York 

The Laughlin 
Fountain Pen 


Sent on Approval 

to Responsible People 


By Registered Mail 8c 

}m Superior to the $3.00 
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Lay this magazine down 
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Laughlin Hfg. Co. 

434 Griswold St. DETROIT, MICH. 



HE Board of Directors of the Correspondence Institute of America voted at their last meeting 
that their FREE TUITION CONTRACT OFFER, should be withdrawn February, 

16, 1903. This offer has been made for a number of months past, and hundreds of young people 
have availed themselves of this great opportunity. There is still ample time for your enrollment if 
) our application is sent in at once. Under our Free Tuition Contract Offer, you are allowed a 
regular Thirty-Dollar course in any of the subjects we teach, and the expense to you is the mere 
cost of incidentals— postage, cost of instruction papers, supplies, scholarship, etc.; and these incidentals, under 
this contract, you are expected to pay during the first four months. Furthermore, under this contract, you can 
enroll for One Dollar. This cannot be said of other schools. 

Illustrating, Caricature, Ad-Writing, Journalism, Stenography, Proofreading, Bookkeeping, Practieal 
Electricity and Electrical Engineering (which includes Interior Wiring and Lighting, Electric Railways 
and Telephone and Telegraph Engineering;. 

Prominent people endorse the work of the Correspondence Institute of America, and we can refer you to 
any bank or mercantile agency or large merchant, for we want you to know us as we are. The above notice 
will positively be earned into effect upon the date mentioned. Write to-day, and mention the study which 
interests you. 


Box 701. Scranton, Pat, 

It is greatly to the credit of the sports- 
men of South Dakota that the game law, 
and particularly the section designed to 
protect prairie chickens, is being rigidly 
enforced throughout the State. Sportsmen 
long ago realized that peace officers and the 
people generally could not be depended on 
to enforce the game law. They therefore 
took up the work themselves, with such 
success that illegal shooting has become as 
rare and is considered as dishonorable as 
any other infraction of law. 

Pot hunting has about ceased, game is 
becoming more abundant, and all good 
citizens are delighted over the improved 

R. F. Patterson, Wentwort'h, S. D. 

I notice an increased number of birds and 
small animals in this vicinity and all seem 
less wild than formerly. God bless your 
work in protecting our furred and feath- 
ered friends. 

W. O. Isaacson, Cory, Pa. 


Literary Talent? 

Learn Journalism and Story- 
Writing by mail. Send for free 
booklet, " W r iti ng tor Profit; " 
tells how to succeed as fctory- 
writer, magazine-contributor, 
and newspaper-correspondent 
M^S. criticised and revised ; sold on commission. Thorn- 
tun West, i ditor-in-Chiet ; founded 1895. 

The Baldwin, No. 109 Indianapolis, Ind. 

The Marble match box and safety ax 

received O. K. It seems like getting money 
from home to receive 2 such valuable 

articles for so little effort. Please accept 

thanks for the same and best wishes for 

W. H. Moore, Philadelphia, Pa. 

There are plenty of quails and grouse 
here. They are but little hunted. Ducks 
are abundant on the ponds. Our fields are 
alive with woodchucks. I shot 23 in 6 

Edward Hamilton, Mohegan, N. Y. 


Would you possess that strange mysterious power which 1 phnrras and 
fascinates men and women, influence their thoughts contro s ur s s a nd 
makes you supreme master of every situation? Life w full of alluring p o . i b i 
S? those who master the secrets of hypnotic influence; for those s »° dey- Lop r 

magnetic powers. You can learn at home, cure diseases and bad habits . with out 
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wonderfully magnetic will power that will enable you to .overcome ijU „bs f " r s JJ 

You can hypnotize people instantaneously.^quick as a flash l,-p>» 3 our« 11 or anyone 
else to sleep at any hour of the day or night-banish pain and suS ^^' ^th£Swe??o better 
you the secrets of this wonderful science. It explains ^^^^^Z^-r', doS orl 
your condition in life. It is enthusiastically endorsed by ^P^wo"^ ^^ £ J ' r t s ' 
business men and society women. It benefits everybody. It costs nothing. NV t b i\o away 
advertise our college. Write for it to-day. 

American College of Sciences, Dept. C N i. 420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia. Peni 




These goods are all new, and will be shipped 
direct from factory. Prices named are those at 
which manufacturers and dealers usually sell. 
Here is a good chance to get 

A Book, a Gun, a Camera ) CDr;r . nr 

A Sleeping Bag, a Fishing Rod [ ™" 0F 
A Reel, a Tent, ) tUb ' 

Subscriptions need not all be sent a t once. They 
may be sent in installments as taken and credit will 
be given on account. When the required number 
is obtained the premium earned will be shipped. 

These Offers are subject to change 
without notice. 


TWO yearly subscriptions to Recreation 
at $i each, I will send a copy of Hunt- 
ing hi the Great West, cloth ; or a Zar 
Camera, listed at $i; or an Ingersoll Watch 
or Cyclometer, listed at $i; or a Recreation 
Waterproof Match Box, made by W. L. 
Marble and listed at $i; or a Shakespeare 
Revolution Bait listed at 75 cents; or a 
Laughlin Fountain Pen ; or a dozen Trout 
Flies, assorted, listed at $1 ; or a pair of At- 
tachable Eyeglass Temples, gold-plated, 
made by Gall & Lembke; or a Gold Medal 
FoldingCamp Cot. 

THREE subscriptions at $1 each, a safety 
pocket ax, made by W. L. Marble and 
listed at $2.50 ; or a dozen Bass Flies, 
assorted, listed at $2 ; or 4 dozen Carbutt 
plates, 4x5 or 5 x 7 ; or a pair of chrome 
tanned horsehide hunting and driving gloves, 
listed at $1.50, made by J. P. Luther Glove 

FOUR subscriptions at $1 each, an Ideal Hunt- 
ing Knife, made by W. L. Marble and 
listed at $2.50; or a .32 caliber Automatic 
Forehand Revolver, made by the Hopkins 
& Allen Arms Co. ; or a No. 822 Rifle 
made by the Hopkins & Allen Arms Co., 
listed at $4.50. 

FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of Cruis- 
ings in the Cascades, cloth; or a set of Neh- 
ring's Convertible Ampliscopes, listed at 
$5.00; or an Ideal Hunting Knife made by 
W. L. Marble, and listed at $3 ; or a polished 
Buffalo" Horn Gun Rack, made by E. W. Stiles ; 
or a Conley Combination Hunting Coat; 
or a Forehand Gun, made by the Hopkins & 
Allen Arms Co. , listed at $6 ; or a pair of luck 
lever skates, made by Barney & Berry, 
listed at $4 50; or a pair of gauntlets, for 
hunting and driving, ladies' size, listed at 
$2.50, made by J. P. Luther Glove Co., or a 
J C Hand trap made by the Mitchell Mfg. 
Co., listed at $4. 

SIX subscriptions at $1 each, a Haw key e Re- 
frigerating Basket made by the Burlington 
Basket Co., or one dozen Eureka golf balls 
listed at $4; or a Century Camera, model 10, 
4x5, listed at $9 ; or a Forehand Gun made by 
the Hopkins & Allen Arms Co., listed at $9. 

SEVEN subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of 
The Big Game of North America, or of The 
American Book of the Dog, cloth, or one set 
Lakewood golf clubs, 5 in number, listing at $5 ; 
or a series nBor nDKorona Camera, made 
by the Gundlach Optical Co., listed at $10. 

EIGHT subscriptions at $1 each, a 4 x 5 
Weno Hawk-Eye Camera, made by the 
Blair Camera Co., and listed at $8. 

NINE subscriptions at $1 each, an Acme 
single shot gun, made by the Davenport 
Arms Co., and listed at $8. 

TEN subscriptions at $1 each, a Cut- 
Glass Salad Bowl, made by Higgins & 
Seiter, and listed at $4.50; or a Yawman 
& Erbe Automatic Reel, listed at $6 to $9 ; 
or a Bristol Steel Fishing Rod, listed at $6, 
or less; or a Waterproof Wall Tent 7x7, 
made by Abercrombie & Fitch, and listed 
at $8; or a canvas hunting coat, made by 
H. j. Upthegrove & Son, listed at $8; or a 
series 1, 4x5, Korona Camera, made by the 
Gundlach Optical Co., listed at $12. 

TWELVE subscriptions at $1 each, a Peabody 
Carbine valued at $12; or a No. 5 Sidle Tele- 
scope Rifle Sight, listed at $18; or a Daven- 
port Ejector Gun, listed at $10 ; or a Century 
Camera, model 12, 4x5, listed at $18. 

FIFTEEN subscriptions at$i each, a Shakes- 
peare Reel, Silver Plated, listed at $15; or a 
set of rabbit plates made by Higgins & Seiter, 
and listed at $8, or a pair of horsehide 
Hunting shoes, made by T. H. Guthrie, 
Newark, N. J., and listed at $8, or a Field 
Glass made by Gall & Lembke; or a Ken- 
wood Sleeping Bag, complete, with canvas 
cover, listed at $16. 

TWENTY subscriptions at $1 each, a 14-karat 
Gold Hunting-case Watch, with Waltham 
Movement, listed at $20; or a Repeating 
Rifle, listed at $16 or less ; or an Elita 
single shot gun, made by the Davenport 
Arms Co., and listed at $18, or a pair of 
horsehide Hunting Boots, made by T. H. 
Guthrie, Newark, N, J., and listed at $10; or 
an Acme Folding Canvas Boat, No. 1, Grade 
B, listed at $20; or a Mullins Duck Boat, 
listed at $20. 

TWENTY-FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, 
an 11-footKing Folding Canvas Boat, listed 
at $38; or a Repeating Rifle, listed at $20 
or less; or a 4x5 Planatic lens, made by the 
Rochester Lens Co. , and listed at $25 ; or a 
Century Grand Camera, 4x5, listed at $35; 
or a Syracuse Grade O, double hammerless 
Gun, made by the Syracuse Arms Co., and 
listed at $30. 

THIRTY subscriptions at $1 each, a Repeat- 
ing Rifle, listed at $25 or less ; or a Waterproof 
Tent, T4^ x 17, made by Abercrombie & 
Fitch, and listed at $25 ; or a corduroy hunt- 
ing suit, made by H. J. Upthegrove & Son, 
including coat, vest, trousers, and hat, 
listed at $23.75; or an Ithaca, quality 
No. 1, plain, double barrel, hammerless 
breech loading shot gun, listed at $40. 

THIRTY-FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, a 14- 
foot King Folding Canvas boat, listed at $48. 

FORTY subscriptions at $1 each, a Savage 
.303 Repeating Rifle; or a No. 10 Gun Cab- 
inet, made by the West End Furniture Co., 
and listed at $32; or a Field Glass, made 
by C. P. Goerz. 

FORTY- FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, a Royal 
Anastigmat Lens, 4x5, series I, made by 
Rochester Lens Co., and listed at $45. 

FIFTY subscriptions at $1 each, a No. 20 
Gun Cabinet, made by the West End 
Furniture Co.. and listed at $38. 

TWO HUNDRED subscriptions at $1 each, a 
strictly first class upright piano, listed at $750. 

Address, R eCre atiOn N 3 ew York 4th ^ 




Of the countless thousands of buffalo 
reneath whose hoofs the plains once trem- 
jled only a few score remain. Of these 
almost all are in captivity. A pitiful rem- 
nant still hide in the hills, and would be 
slain by any hunter who could get a shot ; 
this to the shame of the hunter. 

Last month at Helena, Montana, a dozen 
of these noble creatures were butchered so 
epicures might taste the meat. The act of 
butchery was a wanton and indecent cruel- 
ty, and the demand for the meat the evi- 
dence of gross perversion. The meat of 
the buffalo is fairly good to a hungry man, 
but not to be compared with beef, being 
coarse and tough. If buffalo were plenti- 
ful and cheap it would be on the tables 
of the poor, while the rich would scorn it. 
The fact that a market can be found for 
it is due to the same spirit of savagery that 
sacrifices a song bird for soup, or for pur- 
poses of ornamentation strips the heron 
of its mating-time aigrette. 

Whether the epicures enjoyed their feast 
has not been related. The hope may be 
expressed that they did not, but acquired 
an indigestion that caused a buffalo with 
glaring, terrified eyes and a dripping throat 
to trample their stomachs the livelong 
night. As for the butchers who dragged 
the buffalo to the shambles, the only re- 
grets are that they made money by the 
bloody speculation, and failed of having 
been horned and noofed by the ; - •'ictims. — 
San Francisco paper. 


Our Illustrated 
Catalogue with over iooo 
illustrations, many in exact color 
and shape, or our inter 
esting booklet "Serv- 
ing a Dinner," by 
"Oscar" of the Wal- 
dorf-Astoria, either one 
or both, will be mailed on 
request. Ask for Catalogue 
,13 (U). 

West 21st Street 

West 22d Street 
Near 6th Ave. 

New York 

v. h 

"buy chiman^lass right" 



P. O. Address, Flagstaff, Ariz, 


Edward Smith Indian 

Post Trading Co. 

of Arizona Territory 


Do you know 
that no Christ- 
mas or Holiday 
Gift can equal 
a fine 




or RUG? 

No ideal Ameri- 
can home or den 
is complete -with- 
out these. Bear 
in mind that we 
own our trading 
posts, and are in a position to serve you to 
your advantage with almost cost prices 
on everything. 


Address all communications rYE"TT> r\TT lUTTfU 
to the company at UtL i IV Ul 1 , JVllL>rl* 

Offices, BUHL BLOCK 

Write for Circulars and Price Lists, 

Moki Indian Snake Dancers 


Have you seen one? It is 

up - to - date. Think of it 

everything within reach. No 

heavy trays, but light, smooth 

drawers. Holds as much and costs 

no more than a good box trunk. 

Tminlr Hand riveted, almost indestructible. 

I r*|l ? 1 |v Once tried, always recommended. 

•****■• g ent q q j) privilege examination. 

2C. stamp for catalogue. Mention Recreation. 


87 W. Spring St., Columbus, O. 

Do you want a Good, Reliable 
Substantial, Well Made 

Single Barrel Shot Hi 

If so, send me 


and I will send you such a 
Gun as a premium 

It is made by the DAVENPORT ARMS 
CO., and this means it is made of good 
material and that only good workmanhip 
is put on it. 

This is one of the many remarkable op- 
portunities RECREATION is offering to 
men and boys to fit themselves out com- 
pletely for shooting and fistiing. 

Sample Copies for Use in Canvassing 
Furnished on Application. 



23 W. 24th St., New York City 

I have taken Recreation ever since you 
started it, with the exception of the first 
2 or 3 numbers. It is worth more than 
all of the other sportsmen's papers to- 
gether. You show up the game hogs in 
great shape. 

H. C. Murphy, Middlefield, N. Y. 

Just received my copy of May Recre- 
ation and think the magazine is justly en- 
titled to the name. It certainly is a pleas- 
ure to enjoy through it a visit with the 
sportsmen in different parts of the country. 
H. A. Miller, El Dorado. Kan. 

I received the Harrington & Richardson 
shot gun and do not see how you can af- 
ford to give such a gun as premium for a 
few subscribers. 

R. D. Prince, Leon, N. Y. 

We all think Recreation is the only 
sportsmen's journal. My 2 boys are wild 
over it every time it comes. 

F. H. Churchill, Marseilles, 111. 















■Sia^^v $1,000 REWARD ^JiHljii 

Resolution passed at a recent meeting of the American Hair Mattress Renovators : 

iUbCrCdS, a large and steadily increasing number of our patrons are dis- 
carding Hair Mattresses in favor of the Ostermoor Patent Elastic Felt 
Mattress, in spite of our combined efforts against them, therefore, be it 

RCSOlCCd, that a reward of one thousand dollars {$1,000.06) be paid by this 
society to any member finding an argument that will discourage their popu- 
larity and prevent their continued sale. 

The Ostermoor Patent $ 
Elastic Felt Mattress, 





{Smaller sizes at smaller prices) 

consists of airy, interlacing, fibrous sheets of snowy whiteness and great elasticity ; closed in 
the tick by hand — constructed, not stuffed. Softer than hair — never mats or packs as hair does— 
and never needs remaking and is absolutely vermin-proof. In all respects practically un-wear- 
out-able, retaining its shape and elasticity under all sorts of conditions and hard usage. 

SLEEP ON IT THIRTY NIGHTS and if it is not even all you have hoped for, if you don't 
believe it to be the equal in cleanliness, durability and comfort of any $50 hair mattress ever 
made, you can get your money back by return mail. 

Send For Our Handsome Book, "The Test of Time." 

which costs us 25 cents but costs you nothing but the trouble to send for it. We don't ask you 
to buy, but we want you to know. You will be surprised at the beauty of this 80-page book. 
REMEMBER: — Ostermoor Mattresses are not for sale by stores. Must be bought direct 
of us. Our name wd guarantee on every mattress. Write us to-day without fail. 

OSTERMOOR & CO., 114 Elizabeth Street, New York 

We have cushioned 23,000 churches. Send for our book "Church Cushions." 






Editor and Manager of RECREATION, 23 West 24th St., New York. 
Herewith find $1.00 for which please send me RECREATION one year 

beginning with. 



Remit by P. O. or Express Money Order, or New York Draft. 


N. Y., we breed for FOUNDATION STOCK 

only, from the best strains 
DOES, 6 to 10 months old, 
bred to IMPORTED 
BUCKS, for $3 each. Fine 
color and strictly O.K. We guarantee all 
stock as recommended. We have a fine 
Mention Recreation. 



Healthy Red, Pedigreed. 

For pets, fancy, food, or stocking pre- 
serves. In any quantity. Price $1.00~$2.00 
F. M. PARK, M, I>., 

Stoiieliam, Mass 

For Sale: — Bear Rugs: Fine furredt 
well made, 4 brown or cinnamon, $30. $40, 
$50, and $60. 1 large black, $75. Elk head, 
50 in., $75. Mountain sheep (whole,) $100. 
E. A. L. Box L. Laramie, Wyo. 

Wanted : Union Hill, Schuetzen, or 
Schuetzen Jr., Ballard Rifle with worn out 
barrel. Give full description including 
weight, caliber and price. Louis Ervin, 
Bear Creek, Miss. 

Puppy, By Jingo's Pearl Ex Hal's: 

Glory— Hal Pointer; white, liver and 
ticked; no better; write for prices and 
pedigree. E. E. Hiatt, Fairmount, Ind. 

For Sale: Cummins Rifle Telescope, 
24 inch. A fine Glass, costs $12, price $10, 
or exchange for a good rifle. Chas. W. 
Castle, Morris, Conn. 

For Exchange: A very fine Hyde 
Violin, cost $60. Want rifle, shot gun, 
or both. L. M. Gage, Bristol, Vt. 


ARTHUR F. RICE, Secretary L. A. S., 23 W. 24th St., New York. 

Dear Sir: Enclosed $i for membership fee for one year. 

I certify that I am eligible to membership in the L. A. S. under the 
provisions of the constitution, and refer to 2 League members (or to 3 
other reputable citizens) named hereon. 



Street or P. O. Box — 

City or Town _ 

Detach this, flU out and send in. 





Single Barrel Shot Guns 

(Hade for any powder and good with any shot.) 

Our "Lever Action" has more friends than any single gun made, has stood the 
test of fifteen years' continued approval. Simple, durable and reliable. 
12 and 16 gauge blued steel barrel $8.00 

Our new model top snap action, combining all up-to-date features of a modern 
gun, including patent compensating snap fore end. Automatic shell 
ejector, Full Choke Bored. 12, 16 and 20 gauge decarbonized 
steel barrel $9.00 

12 and 16 gauge Stubbs twist steel barrel $10.00 

We will ship, all charges prepaid, on receipt of remittance 
with order, to any express office in U. S. A. 

The Hopkins & Allen Arms Co., 




Send me 25 yearly subscriptions to 
RECREATION and I will send you 

A Grade Syracuse Gun 

Listed at $30. 

I have contracted for 20 of these 
guns at a price which enables me to 
offer them as above, and they will 
doubtless all be taken within the next 
three months. 

If you want one of the Guns get a move on yon 

Sample copies of RECREATION for 

use in canvassing furnished on application 

RECREATION, 23 W. 24th Street, New York 




Of practical experience ia manifest in the SUPERIOR CON- 



HAMMERLESS GUNS furnished in 12, 16, and 20 gauge, 28, 30 and 32 inch barrels, 

HAMMER GUNS furnished in 8, 10, 12, 16 and 20 

gauge, 28, 30, 32, 34 and 36 inch barrels. 

SYMMETRICAL. Can any Sportsman wish for more ? 

They possess FEATURES as well as 
QUALIFICATIONS all their own. 

Your attention is invited to our complete line of up-to-date arms, illustra- 
ted and described in our catalogue, which will be sent free upon application. 
Your correspondence is solicited relative to our arms, the proper 
loading and use of same ; we would be pleased to give you the benefit of 
our extensive experience in such matters. We can suggest something to 
your advantage and to our mutual benefit. We are at your service. 





Conley Combination Hunting 

Coat and Vest 


You can use it Cor 



Game pockets and cartridge holders ad lib. 
Save yourself from dampness and cold. 

Send me 

5 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 

Name your size and I will send you one of these coats. 

Sample copies of Recreation, for use in canvassing, furnished en applic atic: . 



One of the 9 

Built for Business 

In offering this gun to the public, we have combined 


which have gained for the u Syracuse ff its present prominent position 
among American Arms. 


Condensed Description 

BARRELS — Fine quality of Damascus Steel, or if desired, we will 
furnish Krupp Fluid Pressed Steel Barrels , made at the Krupp 
Works, Essen, Germany, and imported to our order. 

STOCK — Imported Italian Walnut, finely figured and dark rich 
color. Full Pistol or Straight Grip as desired. 

AUTOMATIC EJECTOR— With our Patented Non-Ejector device 
which allows the gun to be instantly changed from an Auto- 
matic to a Non- Automatic Ejector. 

This model gun is handsomely engraved and cleanly finished, and 
will compare favorably with any gun on the market listing at$J00.00. 

All u Syracuse n guns for \ 903 will be built with our New Com- 
pensating Double Cross Bolt; and Frames Inletted into Stock, thus 
preventing the spreading or splitting of same. 

Art Catalogue yours for the asking. Mention "Recreation." 

SYRACUSE ARMS CO, Syracuse, n.y. 






All the Prominent 

English and 
American Makes. 


Automatic Ejector Hammerless, 

Also Westley Richards, 
Greener, Purdy. Lang, Parker, 
L. C . Smith, J. P. CJabrough 
& Johnstone, Ithaca, Ba timore 
Arms Co., Forehand, etc. 

wuicr guiiis idKcii in irduc. 
Send for catalogue and List 
of Second-hand guns. 
Mention Recreation. 


For Duck Shooting-. 

Soft as Kid. 

Finest Quality, $18.00 

UPW We take the entire product of the manufacturers of above Finest Jackets and this make cannot be obtained elsewhere in the United States 

~J~end for Catalogues 

Gun Repairing 

~J~end ft 

WM. READ 6. SONS. 107 w T r^'°^ Stree %f « s 7? N i^ ASS - 

w The Old Gun House. Established 1820 

I returned May I from the Clearwater 
country, where I spent 30 days, having 
gone in by snowshoe route. I found game 
exceedingly plentiful. 1 wish the Nez 
Perce Indians could be kept from going 
in that country out of season. 1 think it 
could be done by notifying the supervisor 
of forestry at Salmon City, Idaho. 1 saw 
where the Indians camped last August. 
They must have killed a large number of 
elk, mostly cows.. 

Geo. W. Solleder, Darby, Mont. 

The Sicjle telescope sight which I re- 
ceived for; 12 subscribers to Recreation is 
something' I prize highly and take pleas- 
ure in showing to my friends. I am us- 
ing it on a 32-40 Winchester, and at my 
first trial I put 5 shots in a 2 inch circle at 
no yards. Your magazine is all any sports- 
man could ask. 

E. H. Hunt, East Downington, Pa. 

Recreation is still all right. I have never 
missed a number since you first started. 
You do better each year. Success to you. 
H. C. Baldridge, Albuquerque, N. M. 



has fallen the honor of making the FIRST and ONLY 
PERFECT score which has ever been made in : n all 
day tournament. 

At Spirit Lake, la., Aug. 6ih, 1902 

Events 15 15 2Q 15 15 20 15 15 20 15 15 20-200 
Score 15 15 2Q 15 15 20 15 15 20 15 15 20—200 

The above score was made by 

Send for Catalogue 

PARKER BROS., Meriden, Conn. 

New York Salesroom : No. 32 Warren St. 

Mention Recreation. 



Write Now for My Book 

You who need help and are waiting — 
You who are sick, and are hesitating — 
You who have prejudice — you who doubt — 
Let me convince you — write a postal to-day. 

Then I will do this: 

I will mail you a book, and an order on 
your druggist for six bottles of Dr. Shoop's 
Restorative. You may take it a month at 
my risk to learn what it can do. If it suc- 
ceeds the cost is $5.50. If it fails, I will 
pay your druggist myself. And I'll leave 
the decision to you. 

You see this offer everywhere — all the 
time — year after year. Don't you realize 
that thousands every week are accepting it, 
and thousands are getting well? 

In the past 12 years I have furnished my 
Restorative to over half a million sick ones 
on just those terms. My record shows 
that 39 out of each 40 have paid for the 
treatment gladly, because they were cured. 
I have paid for the rest. 

I know "what this remedy will do, and 
my faith in it is shown by my offer. I 
want you to know it — you who need its 

Just write me your name and your ad- 
dress, and I will do all the rest. 

Why I Succeed 

I have learned by a lifetime of labor how 
to strengthen the inside nerves. 

My Restorative will always bring back 
that power which makes the vital organs 
act, and there is no other way to do it. 

A weak organ shows weak nerve power, 
just as a weak engine indicates too little 
steam. All the skill in the world can never 
cure that weakness till the organ's nerves 
get strong enough to make it do its duty. 
That is why common treatments fail. 

I know from a vast experience that in 
these chronic diseases my Restorative will 
accomplish all that medicine can do. And 
in most deep-seated cases there is abso- 
lutely no other way to a cure. 

My book will tell you why. 

Simply state which book 
you want, and address 
Dr. Shoop, Box 214, 

Racine, Wis. 

Book No. 1 on Dyspepsia* 
Book No. 2 on the Heart. 
Book No. 3 on the Kidneys. 
Book No. 4 for Women. 
Book No. 5 for Men(sealed). 
Book No. 6 on Rheumatism. 

Mild cases, not chronic, are often cured by one or two 
bottles. At all druggists. 


^^\^^pp^X — '"urn, 






Chapped Hands 

are the bane of the little tot's existence — and sometimes of older folks. 
Wintry winds raise havoc with tender skins. 

FAIRBANKS GLYCKRINK TAR SOAP first cleanses the skin of all 
impurities, then heals, soothes and keeps it soft and velvety. 

It makes a rich creamy lather and has pronounced antiseptic qualities. 

Removes grease and dirt like magic, and lathers in hard or soft, hot or 
cold water. Bach cake is wrapped and packed in separate carton. Don't judge 

of the quality 

drug or grocery store. If you fail to find it, send us name and 
address for free sample. It has an odor 

"Like at Breath from the Pines M 

THE) N. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY, Department O, Chicago. 

by the price— 

shot shells and cartridges have 30 years off 

successful history behind them. 

If you are planning a Southern hunting trip 
for quail or ducks or wish to take an occasion- 
al day's outingwith the gun near home — insist 
on buying ammunition of V. M. C. manufac- 
ture. You will find it remarkably satisfactory. 

A Remington Hammerless Gun 

F <>R $25.00 


Grade K. Made with Remington blued steel barrels. $25 00 

Grade K E D. Made with Damascus barrels and ^r (\f\ 

Automatic Ejector, , . *5^.UU 

Send for handsome new Catalogue just issued, containing com- 
plete description of Guns, $25.00 to $750.00. Mailed free. 



313-317 Broadway, New York. 86-88 First St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Sold by All Gun Dealers. Not Retailed by the Manufacturers. 


A New World's Record Hade With 


Greaseless Bullet Cartridges 

THE severest kind of a test of the accuracy, cleanliness and general desirability of i 
Winchester .22 Caliber Smokeless Powder Cartridges loaded with Winchester Grease- 
less Bullets was made in San Antonio, Texas, September 20th, by Adolph Toepper- 
wein. Mr. Toepperwein, who held the World's Record for snooting flying targets 
with a rifle, having made a score of 979 hits, out of 1,000 shots, undertook to better 
this record. He succeeded, making the remarkable score of 986 hits out of 1,000 shots, the tar- 
gets being 2^ inch clay discs thrown into the air by an assistant. In performing this featJ 
Mr. Toepperwein used two Winchester tylodel 1890 Repeating Rifles and .22 Caliber Cartridges 
of Winchester make loaded with Smokeless Powder and Winchester Greaseless Bullets. He 
shot 100 preliminary shots and 1,000 for the record without cleaning or cooling his guns, and at' 
the conclusion of the test they were practically as clean as after firing the initial shots. Mr. 
Toepperwein attributes his success in improving his previous record to the fact that the new 
Winchester make of Greaseless Bullet Cartridges are so much cleaner than the lubricated bullet 
cartridges, which he used before. 


.22 SHORT, .22 LONG AND. 22 W. R. F. 

For Sale by All Dealers. 




when it comes to writing them, aren't they ? They 
are the same, in fact, for just so surely as you FEED 
RIGHT you will FEEL RIGHT and can THINK 

Cut out the pasty, starchy or greasy foods for a 
few days and take on GRAPE-NUTS. In this 
famous food scientific processes have changed the 
starch to Grape-Sugar, and the tasty, nut-like little 
granules go into your spoon with the first period of 
digestion complete, just like nature does it, but with 
the brain-building elements still there. 

That's why it is 


Postum Cereal Co.. Ltd., Battle Creek, Mich. 

Try them AU 

You'll go back to using 

Best for Purity. Strength, 
Quali ty*" Flav or 


If not handled by yours send us his name 
and we will send free sample 

&tou?Ari New York. 



have been established over SO YEARS. Byourfl 
tern of payments every family in moderate cira 
stances can own a VOSE piano. We take old in* 

ments in exchange and deliver the new piano in your home free of expel 

Write for catalogue D and explanations. 

VOSE & SONS PIANO CO., 160 Boylston St., Boston, Ma 

OMU ox ivvv 

NUflBER 2 


$1.00 A YBAR 
10c. A COPY 



"The Best is Good Enough" 


Buy where you can get the BEST and the MOST for your money i 

THE efforts of three generations of one family have been applied 
to the establishment and upbuilding of our business, which has 
been successfully conducted for fifty-two years. As a result of 
these efforts during the past twenty years our sales have increased more 
than a thousand per cent. , good evidence of appreciation by our patrons. 
Full measure, fair prices, excellent quality, complete satisfaction 
guaranteed to each patron every time and all the time is the founda- 
tion upon which we have built ; is the reason, not the secret, of our suc- 
cess, which is as sure and secure as the operation of any law of nature. 
On the basis of such an assurance and such a guarantee to each 
and every purchaser, we solicit a trial order for 6 full quart bottles of 
either or any of our special brands. 

Per Gal. 

Holiday Pure Rye - 4.00 

(Eleven Years Old) 

Hermitage Rock & Rye 4.00 


Five pounds of rock candy crystals 
to each gallon of seven year old 
Hermitage Rye whiskey, is used in 
the preparation of our Celebrated 
Rock and Rye. 

Bon Ton Cocktails - 4.00 

Martini, Manhattan, Vermouth, 
Whiskey, Tom Gin and Holland 
Gin. Carefully prepared from the 
choicest materials, perfectly blended. 

Ruthven Sherry - 4.00 

From Duff, Gordon & Co. Warranted 
twenty years in the wood before 
bottling. Rich and fruity. 

Per Gai. 

Old Gold Bourbon - $4.00 

(Eleven Years Old) 

Jewel Port - 4.00 

From Silva & Cosens, Oporto. A 
choice product of the grape. 

Rainbow Brandy V.0. 4.00 

The product of one of the best Ameri- 
can Vineyards, with all the medici- 
nal qualities of French Brandy. 

Jupiter Gin - 4.00 

From the Swan Distillery, Schiedam, 
Holland, where Good Gin comes 
from. Tastes differ. Many people 
appreciate Good Gin. Jupiter is the 
best the world affords. 

Medford Old Rum - 4.00 

From Daniel Lawrence & Sons, Med- 
ford, Mass. 

The goods are warranted as represented, namely, the best of their 
class that money can buy or that intelligent, honest endeavor, fortified 
with long experience, can produce. 

On receipt of your order with $6.00 we will ship 6 full quarts, 
assorted to suit, transportation charges prepaid, to any railroad point 
in the United States where the charges for transportation do not 
exceed $2.00. You cannot afford to let this chance go by. You never 
before had as good an offer. 

Remit cash in registered letter or by express company or P. O. 
money order. References : Any bank in Boston, any mercantile 
agency, or any distiller of importance in the United States. 

W. H. JONES & CO^stoTS SB " 



Copyright, December, 1902, by G. O. Shields 
A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Everything the Name Implies 

$1.00 a Year. 

10 Cents a Copy. 

Editor and Manager. 

23 West 24TH Street, 

New York 


It Became a Free-for-All Fight •• . .Frontispiece 

A Bear Fight in the Yellowstone Park. Illustrated Dan Beard 85 

A Lullaby of the Sound. Poem Mrs. Jean Le Munyon 87 

Bearding a Grizzly in His Den-. — A. L. Duhig 89 

Mr. Potter's Ovis Canadensis Stanley Mayall 94 

In the Arkansas Mountains John T. Bailey ioi 

Some Place West of Kansas. Poem Minnie J. Reynolds 10a 

A Birchwood Fire. Poem James R. Edlin 103 

A Cushion Shot on Swartz Creek C. A. Harmon 104 

Outwitting a Mink Frank Farner 105 

Lost in a Tamarack Swamp. Illustrated ... W. A. Mason 106 

At a Rifleman s Fireside. Illustrated W. H. Nelson 108 

A Florida Kid on a Camp Hunt. VII Charley Apopka no 

My First Adventure with a Buffalo C. B. R., M.D. 112 

My Lig Trout Senex 113 

From the Game Fields 115 

Fishand Fishing 125 

Guns and Ammunition 129 

Natural History 137 

The League of American Sportsmen 141 

Forestry .] — 145 

Pure and Impure Foods — 147 

Publisher's Notes 149 

Editor's Corner 151 

Amateur Photography 157 

Entered as Second-Class Matter at New York Post-Office, Oct, 17, 1894. 


appreciate the great utility and 
comfort of 



Little but effective. It cannot com** loose or 
ride up. Instantly attached and detached. 

Scarf Holder ... 10 Cents ) Sent 
Cuff Holders - - - 20 " \ Pre- 
Key Ring and Chain .25 *' J paid. 

They never come loose. A tiny lever with 
a bulldog grip. Illustrated Catalogue Free. 


Waterbury, Conn. 


sore Throat 

Hoarseness, Quinsy, Tonsillitis 

Laryngitis and other throat 

troubles quickly relieved 

and promptly cured 

by the use of 


This scientific germicide is used and 
endorsed by leading physicians every- 
where. It is absolutely harm- 
less, yet a most powerful healing 

By killing the germs that cause 
these diseases, without injury to the 
tissue, Hydrozone cures the patient. 
Sold by Leading Druggists. If not 
at yours, will send bottle, prepaid, 
on receipt of 25 cents. 


(Dept. F-59) Prince Street, NEW YORK 



Cam pi He 
Hunting * 


Prosp* c * 

Geo. B. Carpenter & Co. 



Folding Cots 
Tables and Chairs 

Oars, Paddles 
Marine Hardware 

The Largest and Most Complete Stock in the V. S. 

Send 4C. in stamps for Tent and Camp Catalogue, or 
6c. in stamps for Marine Hardware Catalogue. 

200, 202, 204, 206, 208 S. Water St., Chicago, 111 



"LTERE is the greatest inducement we 
x have ever offered you. A small 
sum will now make it possible for you to 
attractively furnish your veranda and lawn 
with the celebrated Old Hickory Furniture. Re- 
member last summer, during the long, hot days, how you 
would have enjoyed this set ? 

All our furniture made from the finest hickory, attractive and 

etylish. 'lhe entire set as illustrated — 


Goods delivered free east of Mississippi River. 
DESCRIPTION— Chair. Spindle Back; seat 18 inches wide, 16 inches deep ; height, 
over all, 3 ft. 4 in. Rocker, same as chair. Settee, Spindle Back ; seat, 36 inches long 
16 inches deep ; height, over all, 36 inches. 

If your dealer will not supply you, send direct to us. Don't miss this great 
offer. Yo 1 are welcome to our 48-page illustrated catalogue, showing 125 
patterns. Ask for it. 



The Old Hickory Chair Co. 

449 Cherry Street, 








The Ideal Gentleman's Pleasure Craft used at 
the Pan-American Exposition because they were 
the best. Elegantly finished, simple, safe, reli- 
able, and speedy. 15 ft. Fishing Launch, $150, 
16 ft. Family Launch, $200. 35 ft. Cabin Launch, 

$1,500. Send io cents for 8o-page illustrated 
catalogue giving the truth in detail about the 
best boats built. Address 



We will have the largest exhibit ever made at the Sportsmen's Show, 
New York, of Sailing Craft, Launches, Row Boats, Hunting- 
Boats and Canoes* Look for it Feb. 21 st to March 7th 


Please Take Notice 


N. J. 

Which is only about a three 

hours' ride from 

New York 

Offers every inducement to the seeker aftei 
Health or Pleasure. 

Write to 

Haddon Hall 

Open entire year Ask for booklet 




SHOOTING, FISHING and kindred 

Out-door Sports* Follow the crowd to 


EXHIBIT— SPORTSMAN'S SHOW, Madison Square Garden, February 2Jst to 
March 7th, inclusive* 



Explorers, Campers and Prospectors 

Fishing Tackle, Guns, Revolvers, Cameras, 
Our Photographic Department is the best in town, "We 
guarantee satisfactory work in developing, printing, lantern 
slides, etc*, etc., at reasonable prices* 
Send for "Catalogue R." 314-316 Broadway, New York 



Buffalo— Noble Animals! 


We offer our herds of Buffalo and Elk for Sale. 
Every one is a beautiful specimen. Healthy 
and welL acclimated. Breeding both species 
every year. We have kept these herds for 
years simply to show that 


will hold the strongest animals. 



BOX 39 





14 Congress St., Newark, N.J. 

NOTE: — As all are familiar with our staple foods we beg to draw their attention below to a few less 
well known specialties. 

A FULL list of our products and a copy of Dog Culture will be mailed to any one upon application. 
To those interested in chickens, we shall be pleased to mail a copy of Poultry Culture with price list 
of foods, etc. 

Spratts Patent Chick Meal, for chicks during first 
few weeks after hatching, $6.00 per 100 lbs.; $3.25 
per 50 lbs.; $1.75 per 25 lbs.; 75c. per 10 lbs. Car- 
tons, 25c. 

Spratts Patent Poultry Meal, used at the principal 
poultry shows all over the world. The most suc- 
cessful food for all kinds of poultry. $6.00 per 
100 lbs.; $3.25 per 50 lbs.; $1.75 per 25 lbs.; 75c. 
per 10 lbs. Cartons, 25c. 

Spratts Patent Game Meal, for Young Pheasants, 
$6.00 per 100 lbs.; $3.25 per 50 lbs.; $1.75 per 25 
lbs.; 75c per 10 lbs. 

Spratts Patent ''Crissel," for Poultry and Game. 
A preparation of Pure Meat, taking the place of 
Insect Life and Ants' Eggs. $3.50 per 100 lbs.; 
$1.75 per 50 lbs.; $1.00 per 25 lbs.; 50c. per 10 lbs. 

Spratts Patent Greyhound Meat Fibrine Dog 
Cakes, $7.00 per 100 lbs.; $3.50 per 50 lbs.; $1.90 
per 25 lbs. Contain 35 per cent, of meat and are 
made from the best oatmeal, wheatmeal, etc. 
Used by all the principal greyhound trainers. 

Spratts Patent Cod Liver Oil Dog Biscuits, for 

Toy Dogs and Puppies, $7.50 per 100 lbs.; $3.75 
per 50 lbs. ; $2.00 per 25 lbs.; 55c. per 5-lb. package, 
35c. per 3-lb. package. 

Spratts Patent " Terrier " Meat Fibrine Bis- 
cuits, $7.00 per 100 lbs.; $3.50 per 50 lbs.; $1.90 
per 25 lbs. Cartons, 25c. 

Spratts Patent " Toy Pet " Meat Fibrine Dog 
Cakes, for very small Lap Dogs. Cartons, 25c. ; 
25 lbs. $2.50. 





and all intermediate species of dogs can be put in the best physical 
shape by 



For the field — bench — companionship or stud a dog is not fit unless in 
true condition. 

Like people he must have health or his efforts become — nil. 
Probably no better formula for curing Dog ailments can ever be com- 
pounded than that of the veteran sportsman, POLK MILLER, Virginia's 
foremost sportsman, who has had 40 years practical experience in treat- 
ing dogs and is possibly more familiar with their ailments than any 
veterinarian in this country. 

SERGEANT'S CONDITION PILLS will improve a dog's appetite by 
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dogs as a rule are subject to the same ailments that man is and are not 
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SERGEANT'S CONDITION PILLS cost 50c. and $1.00 per box 
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There isn't anywhere a dog lover or owner who wouldn't like to have 
our 48 page Treatise on Dogs. We will send it and a Pedigree Blank 
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Decorate Your Den 

With a set of the most beautiful 

Hunting and Fishing Pictures 

ever made. 

15 Plates. Size for Framing, 18x24 inches 





TARPON FISHING — BLUE FISHING — fred. s. cozzens 



MU8KAL0NGE FISHING — p. h. taylor 

DEER HUNTING — a. b. frost 


These 1 5 plates are lithographed in the true colors of nature and altogether 
make one of the finest series of pictures of outdoor sports ever published. 


I have bought the last of them and can furnish a complete set for 1 5 yearly 
subscriptions to Recreation, 

Or will Sell at $10 a Set 

I also have enlargements of the following photographs : 


Published on pages 90, 91, 92, and 93 of this issue of Recreation, $5 a set. 


Published on page 95 of this issue of Recreation, $1.50 each. 

Address: RECREATION, 23 West 24th Street, New York City 










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Write our nearest office and do it NOW. 








Volume XVIII. 


G. 0. SHIELDS (COQUINA,) Editor and Manager 

Number 2 



The transportation company's 
stages had emptied their loads of dust- 
covered sightseers at the open doors 
of the Fountain House, and the ink 
on the register was not yet dry where- 
with the newcomers had written their 
names, when the Fountain geyser be- 
gan to grumble, hiss and send up 
clouds of steam, promising an early 
eruption. Following suit, all the 
finger holes and cracks in the forma- 
tion, the hot springs and the baby 
geysers shot out jets of steam. The 

overs in a stampede for the garbage 
heap on the white geyserite forma- 
tion back of the house. Suddenly the 
crowd came to a halt. 

"Gee !" exclaimed a small boy, as 
he pushed the button of his kodak. 

"Waugh ! waugh !" shouted the 
pilgrims from Medicine Hat and Rat 

"Hey! May be rubberneck, what?" 
laughed the man from Moose Jaw. 

"Say ! she's a tough proposition, 

By courtesy of the Northern Pacific Railway. 

Mammoth Paint Pot began to plop, 
plop, plop ! and throw up gobs of 
pink, white and yellow mud into the 
air from its bowl full oi scalding sili- 
cious clay. All this hubbub was a 
vain attempt to attract the tourist at- 

The Dante's Inferno in front of the 
hotel might have saved its steam and 
sulphur for another occasion, as it 
was unnoticed by the guests. The 
new arrivals were following the lay- 


an' she wears the straps all right," 
cried a guide ; while the doctor from 
Chicago, the broker from New York, 
the officeholder from Ohio, the colo- 
nel from Kentucky and the dude 
from Honolulu all clapped their 
hands with delight. 

Having dumped its load of table 
leavings and tin cans the hotel garb- 
age wagon was rumbling back over 




the formation to the stables, but it 
was not the wagon, team, driver or 
load of food scraps which called forth 
the applause and exclamations of 
pleasure from the guests of the Foun- 
tain House ; it was 9 great black 
bears that interested us. 

To the delight of the spectators the 
bears had given a short exhibition of 
their skill as boxers. It was a hot 
fight; but it did not last long. In 
fact, it was a mistake in the first 

gaged in pawing over the garbage 
near by, when the indignant mother 
lifted her paw for a swinging blow, 
missed the culprit and landed with a 
resounding swat on the jowl of her 
benevolent appearing neighbor. 

"Ough-00-oo-ee-ee-eah !" cried Fat- 
ty, in a rage, as he rose on his hind 
legs and let go at the solar plexus of 
Old Spot. He had gained his name 
by breaking through the crust near 
the Paint Pot and covering one black 

By courtesy of the Northern Pacific Railway. 

place ; an impromptu affair not down 
on the menu. This is the way it hap- 

A long legged cinnamon bear 
snatched the remains of some ribs of 
beef from under the nose of the big 
mother black bear at the moment she 
was calling her 2 little cubs to partake 
of the roast. A benevolent looking 
bruin, with a glossy black coat cov- 
ering his rotund body, was busily en- 

side with hot white mud. Spot's tem- 
per had been none of the best since 
that day, and in less time than it takes 
to tell it he let fly with his left and 
right at his nearest neighbor, and it 
became a free-for-all fight accom- 
panied by a continued ough-oo-eah- 
ing in various keys. 

During the melee the cinnamon 
bear who caused the riot was quietly 
eating the remnants of the roast beef, 



gnawing the bones within 10 feet of 
the gallant Kentucky colonel, to the 
latter's great amusement. 

Although nearly all the men pres- 
ent had cameras, only women and 
children took advantage of the sun- 
light and clear sky to photograph the 
scrapping bears. The sport-loving 
men stood around in a semicircle, 
with pleased grins on their faces, too 
much engaged in applauding the 
hairy gladiators to waste a thought 
on the black boxes under their arms. 

Scarcely had the women and chil- 
dren time to wind up their films when 
the brown bear, elated over his former 
success, made another attempt to slip 
up unobserved to the garbage pile. 
To the casual onlooker it would ap- 
pear that the black bears were all too 
busy seeking their own dinner to 
heed the brown's approach ; but a 
close observer could not fail to no- 
tice that the beadlike eyes of the 
blacks were keenly alert. No sooner 
did Brownie come within reach than 
biff! biff! biff! came the great black 

paws on his unprotected head. An 
elderly spinster, who seemed deeply 
interested in the zoological show, 
stood within 15 feet of the feeding 
brutes and directly in front of the cin- 
namon bear, when, with open mouth, 
it made a dash for safety. With a 
quick movement the frightened spin- 
ster gathered up her skirts, there was 
a flash of white petticoats, a twin- 
kling of feet, and she was gone, never 
once looking back until she slammed 
the hotel door behind her. 

The astonishingly rapid gait at 
which the terror stricken lady made 
her 100 yard dash called forth the 
wildest enthusiasm from the specta- 
tors, and the colonel pushed the but- 
ton of his pocket camera 3 times 
without once winding up the film. 

Of course the brown bear turned 
aside into the woods the moment he 
was out of reach of the powerful 
blows of his relatives, but it was of 
no use telling that to the spinster. 
She will always believe that the brute 
followed her to the hotel door. 



The restless waves, with murmurings low, 
Are crooning a lullaby soft and sweet; 
And the ebbing tide, with its steady flow 
To'rd that mystic realm where the 
surges meet, 
Is bearing the ships that sail away, 
And rocking my anchored barque to- 

Rocking so softly upon the tide, 

I pleasantly, peacefully dream and sleep ; 
The gray gulls noiselessly o'er me glide, 
And lightly skim o'er the ruffled deep 
As they circle and dip in the foaming 

Then speed away to their sheltered 

As I gently rock on the heaving bay, 

Watching the ships speed merrily on, 
The falling wind and the shadows gray 
Proclaim that the day is nearly gone ; 
But the deep sings on, through its 

smiles and tears, 
The song it has murmured for count- 
less years. 



Winner of ist Prize in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 



Finding we could absent ourselves a few 
days from our posts at Thermopolis, Wy- 
oming, without deadlocking the industries 
of that burg, my chum and I determined 
to take advantage of the discovery. We 
would ride forth, view the scenery and 
expose a few plates on such bits of it as 
evidenced good workmanship. In the can 
yon of the big Horn river, 10 miles North 
of Thermopolis, there is a plethora of 
scenery, a little chaotic, to be sure, but 
first rate of its kind. 

Thither we rode one bright morning, 
equipped with a camera, blankets and pro- 
visions for several days. In addition, my 
companion, who, because of a genial 
Western custom and a light-colored poll, 
is known as Cotton Top, carried an old 
44-caliber rifle. Though it contained a 
few cartridges, it was taken chiefly to 
enable Cotton to pose in the foreground 
of my prospective pictures. 

The canyon is exceedingly rough. 
Therefore we left our horses at its mouth, 
and went in afoot. There are a number 
of rapids and falls about 5 miles up the 
gorge, and we intended to visit them.. We 
went 3 miles or more, clambering over the 
rocky bed of the canyon. Coming to a 
narrower place we found it necessary to 
mount the side of the gorge a little way 
to avoid the clutter of boulders and loose 
rock. The slope was not great and I was 
pushing rapidly ahead when stopped by an 
exclamation from my friend. He was 
some distance in the rear and was pointing 
at something higher up. Not until I had 
retraced my steps to his side could I see 
what had attracted his attention. Under 
an overhanging ledge and hidden from 
most points of view by projecting rocks, 
was a hole about 2> l A feet in diameter. 

"I say," cried Cotton, "s'pose it's Dolan's 
mine !" 

Now among the stories told to children 
and other receptive persons in our part 
of the world is one which recites the ad- 
ventures of a certain Dolan. 

He was an oldtime prospector and for 
years went to and fro. His sole possessions 
were a pick, a disreputable Mexican dog 
and a thirst that would have cut him down 
ere his prime, had not misfortune and a 
total lack of credit preserved him to adorn 
a tale. Once he appeared suddenly at a 
mining camp with an air of mystery, a 
handful of nuggets and a shriveling drouth. 
Those good things he exploited at the 
nearest bar. Before becoming speechless 
he confided to the crowd, in strictest con- 

fidence, that he had found an old Spanish 
or Indian mine. Its extraordinary rich- 
ness, he added, could be judged from the 
fact that when he chanced to sneeze in the 
shaft, the echo loosened a half peck of nug- 
gets from the roof and sides. As gentle 
hands laid Dolan in a bunk to get over it, 
he is said to have murmured that it was 
his firm intention, after his next visit to 
the mine, to buy the greater part of 
Wyoming as a playground for his dog. 
Alas ! his modest ambition was never 
realized. A long enforced course of alkali 
water had so corroded his tank lining that 
that bright dream was his last. 

Despite its gauzy probability the yarn 
had always appealed to my fancy. I was, 
therefore, very willing to follow Cotton 
into the hole, perchance to find ourselves 
joint heirs of the late Dolan. 

We had 2 candles among our supplies. 
Lighting those and leaving our packs out- 
side, we entered the hole. That the rifle 
remained hanging by its sling to Cotton's 
shoulder, was, I am sure, due only to his 
having forgotten it. The hole enlarged 
so rapidly that at 15 feet from the en- 
trance it was perhaps 10 feet wide and 
so high we could stand almost erect. The 
walls were black and lusterless, with not 
one gleaming point that even a tenderfoot 
could fancy golden. I was about to voice 
my disappointment when we heard a 
clatter as of moving pebbles. 

"What's that?" I cried. 

"I don' know," said Cotton ; "a wolf, per- 

That reminded him of the gun, and he 
was slipping it from his shoulder when, 
with a loud growl, a great beast charged 
out of the darkness. We both yelled, 
dropped the candles, and sprang aside. I 
was an instant too late. The brute's 
shoulder struck my hip and threw me 
against the wall with such force that I 
rebounded and fell, just clearing his hind 
feet as he passed. Why he did not attack 
us I can not imagine, unless it was be- 
cause he was as frightened as we. 

We lost no time in getting out of the 
cave. Its late occupant, a large grizzly 
bear, was slowly climbing the side of the 
canyon, about 150 yards away. Cotton 
threw the old gun to his shoulder and 
fired. Some benign chance steered the bul- 
let and it broke the bear's spine,. The big 
beast rolled down the slope, snarling and 
catching at rocks and shrubs with his fore- 
feet. He landed at the bottom within easy 
range, and a head shot ended his troubles. 










One of the 2d Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 






Gregory N. Potter came from Boston 
and was never ashamed to let the people of 
Fire Gulch know it. The 2 towns and 
their surroundings are different, but Greg- 
ory sacrificed the luxuries, the joys and the 
oldtime institutions of the East in the 
blessed hope that he would bag a grizzly. 
He could hardly have found a likelier spot 
for big game. Deer and bear of various 
species, cougars, lynxes and other denizens 
of hill and forest were there. Gregory had 
plenty of money and was willing to pay for 
his sport, but somehow he had bad luck. 
Experienced guides escorted him for weeks 
together. He martyred himself hourly to 
secure some satisfactory booty. Housed 
miserably, fed abominably, sleeping anyhow, 
he had got up at daybreak or stayed awake 
all night, shivered, perspired, walked, 
climbed, rowed, rode or swam, torn his 
clothes to shreds, ripped his boots to rib- 
bons, bumped, bruised and scraped every 
limb, and at the end of 4 weeks had not 
secured hide or head worth mention. He 
was only a second rate shot and an indiffer- 
ent mountaineer, but taken at his worst 
something more than this was his due. His 
bags had been confined almost entirely to 
ducks, mountain grouse and pheasants, 
mostly out of season. He was getting dis- 
couraged. People ceased to apply his 
Christian name and called him "Hen Pot- 
ter" only. He resented this and was so 
indiscreet as to remark that his guides were 
incompetent and that he would dispense 
with their services and save the cost. 

Accordingly the next day he set out 
alone. He returned at night with a pleased 
expression, visited 2 or 3 of the saloons, 
drank more than usual, retired early and 
the next morning at daybreak set out 
again. On his return he was still hopeful, 
but nof satisfied. The third day he once 
again disappeared early and returned at 
nightfall. He was tired, dirty, thirsty, but 
radiant with delight; for he had proved 
his ability as a hunter, and made his bag. 

"Been after him 3 days, close on his 
tracks all the time, saw him at a distance 
the first day, lost him the second, bagged 
him the third. Bagged him first shot; just 
put an expander in the right place, and 
will have a magnificent head and hide." 

He felt his trouble and expense had been 
repaid ; but where were those blamed 
guides? He wanted to tell them about it; 
they would be jealous, as he believed this 
was the only specimen of its kind that had 
been killed in that locality for over 2 years. 
He had dressed it, suspended the carcass on 

a bull pine and would have it brought in 
on a pack horse. What was it? A Rock} 
mountain sheep ! A bighorn ! What na- 
turalists termed the Ovis canadensis and 
worth all the deer in the country. 

One of the guides came into the saloon 
but did not like the turn of events,. He 
was mortified, jealous, yet cordial. 

Another said, "Mount'n sheep, eh ! well, 
as Uncle Remuus says, it mout be and 
then again it moutn't' ; darned ef I know 
where in thunder it strayed from, or 'ow 
in 'ell 'c found it when it did, or 'ow 'e 
'it it when 'e saw it." A third, known as 
"Rain-in-the-Face" because of his pox 
pitted physiognomy, said still less, but ap- 
parently thought the more and left the sa- 
loon with a grin on his face. 

"Gee wizz !" he ejaculated when outside, 
"ef et should only be ! Ef et should only 
be ! There'll be a hot time in the old town 
to-morrow. Pat '11 pound 'im into putty. 
There'll be merry hell in this 'ere burg, 
come Friday, or I'm mistaken. Gosh ! This 
is the greatest fun since the boom." 

Gregory went to bed that night the hap- 
piest man in the woolly West, full of honor 
and whiskey. 

Next morning Potter's Ovis canadensis 
was early secured and deposited on the ver- 
andahed sidewalk of the Waldorf hotel in 
Fire Gulch, and exposed to the admiring 
gaze of a curious crowd. 

The general opinion was that a valuable 
trophv had been secured and that the kill 
had been correct. The ball had entered 
the left forequarter, pierced the lungs and 
having duly expanded had emerged through 
a large everted wound from the right shoul- 
der. Much blood had escaped. Gregory 
was proud of himself. His 3 days' labor 
had ended in glorious success. 

"Hang all guides," he once more ejacu- 
lated; then to an inquirer: 

"What is its name? Oh, the Ovis cana- 
densis, the mountain sheep ; the big " 

"See here, stranger," a loud voice inter- 
jected, and a tall, heavy, stoutly built man, 
hoarse with passion, white with rage broke 
into the bar-side crowd, "See here, young 
man. I want you." He took Gregory 
roughly by the arm and led him to the door. 


Gregory was no coward and as each word 
had been accompanied by an angry shake 
he bridled furiously. 

"Let go, you hulking villain, let up, or 
you'll know about it." 

"Know about it, eh! Who knows more? 




Know about it, eh ! You gorn strimmed, 
farm yard, barn-storming murderer ! You 
ought to bin born a nigger, you tender 
toed, bat-eyed roost robber. 

"See here," he said once more, "this 
mounten sheep of yours, this wild monster 
of the 'ills wot you gallantly laid out with- 
in 300 yards o' my shack door, has some 
funny marks on 'im. I put 'em there an' 
I'd like to put same on you." He 
stooped and with his hand brushed heavily 
aside the clotted blood on the sheep's right 
shoulder. He further applied Potter's own 
pure white lawn handkerchief to the spot 
and exposed to the gaze of the aston- 
ished hunter the letters B. P. branded 

"P. B.," he ejaculated "p double e P, b 
double e B. ; short for Patrick Bolger, that's 
me. Patrick Bolger wot payed $1,000 way 
East not 3 weeks ago for this same 
blessed imported, cup winning, long pedi- 
greed, stud ram; $1,000; and come to think 
of it freight and duty besides ; and you, 
you ornary, empty 'eaded, blanket-eyed, 
fumble footed son of a mummy, you wastes 

good powder and lead turnin' it all into 
$10 worth o' mutton. Guides come ex- 
pensive, do they? So do mount'n sheep, 
and this special item's costing you just 
$1,500. When are you goin' to pay?" 

That night poor Gregory after much 
haggling and ignominy, a sadder, wiser and 
poorer man paid over to Patrick Bolger 
$1,400 dollars good and lawful money of 
Canada and took in exchange a receipt for 
the stud ram Boxer; and unable to face the 
avalanche of derision which overwhelmed 
him left Fire Gulch forever by the 4 
o'clock stage next morning. The night 
of settlement "Rain-in-the-Face" somehow 
developed into a capitalist. During the 
next few days he was known to invest 
nearly $300 in whiskey and perhaps $200 
in real estate. "Mighty good notion o' 
your'n," said Pat to him. "Th'owd ram 
cost $95 all told. That 'ill be $800 for me 
and $500 for you, clean profit, an' I hope 
Providence will soon send some more wise 
men from the East. Deer is cheap, sheep is 
dear, but asses is val'able beyond calkila- 


Conditional Winner of 3d Prize in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 

One of the 4th Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 


One of the 4th Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 



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One of the 4th Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 

One of the 4th Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 



One of the 4th Prize Winners in Recreation's 
7th Annual Photo Competition. 


One of the 4th Prize Winners in Recreation's 
7th Annual Photo Competition. 


One of the 4th Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 



One of the 4th Prize Winners in Recreation's 
7th Annual Photo Competition. 

Mr. Greatman — I wish you'd stop print- 
ing my portrait every time any little thing 
happens to me, or else get a new one. 
You've had that old plate in 17 times. 

Editor — All right, my dear sir. Any- 
thing to oblige. 

Assistant Foreman (a week later) — I 
can't find that picture of Sam, the sneak 
thief, anywhere. 

Foreman — Well, dump in that old pic- 
ture of Mr. Greatman. It ain't going to 
be used for him any more. — New York 

Mother — Perhaps the young man needs 
a little encouragement. 

Daughter — Yes, mamma. I wish you 
would keep out of sight more when he is 
here. — Exchange. 

"What are you doing here?" demanded 
the irate farmer of the boy he had sur- 
prised in his chestnut grove. 

"Nutting, sir," replied the frank little 
chap. — Judge. 

"What do you intend to do for a living?" 
asked the old gentleman, in disgust. 

"I — aw — thought I'd marry," replied 
Perry, the shining light of society. — Ex- 




I had long wanted to see the Boston 
mountains of Arkansas, as I had heard 
the region was exceedingly wild and pic- 
turesque. Besides, I knew there were tur- 
keys there, a chance for a deer, and ducks 
and squirrels galore; so about November 
1st, Rob Dyer and I took the train for St. 
Louis. There we boarded the 'Frisco line 
to Eureka Springs, Arkansas, where we met 
Tom Basset, our guide, at the depot with 
his covered wagon and team of mules and 
3 dogs. We started on our mountain 
drive about 9 a. m. Our guide's dogs 
first attracted our attention. Two were 
hounds and one was evidently a mongrel. 
We asked Basset what they were to be used 
for. He replied that the hounds were good 
turkey dogs and that the mongrel was the 
best coon dog of the settlement, while all 
earned a good living by rinding rabbits and 
squirrels. After driving a few miles he sug- 
gested that one of the bird dogs be al- 
lowed to run along the road in order that 
we might have quails for dinner ; so we 
turned Don, the older dog, out, and he was 
soon hunting vigorously. No quails were 
found, but before long Basset told us 
the road would soon turn at right 
angles, and if we wished to hunt a large 
weedy stubble which lay at our right, we 
could do so and strike the road again on 
the other side. We promptly climbed the 
rail fence and it was not long before birds 
were found. In fact the dogs found 3 
bevies and we bagged 15 birds in less than 
20 minutes. Not long after, one of the 
dogs pointed from the road and we got 3 
more but did not follow the bevy. Several 
times one of the dogs made a staunch point 
and we climbed out of the wagon only to 
discover that a chipmunk in the fence was 
the object of attention, much to Rob's dis- 

When noon came we rested while Basset 
cooked us a good dinner. By nightfall we 
had made 20 miles and Basset's dogs had 
proved their worth by treeing 9 squirrels 
as we went along, we taking turns at get- 
ting out of the wagon and bagging the 
game. Basset and Rob had a great laugh 
at my expense over a fox squirrel which 
the dogs treed in a short hollow snag. I 
pushed an axe handle into the hole and 
pounded vigorously without result, so I 
announced that nothing was there. Basset, 
who resented the slur on the intelligence of 
his dogs, jumped out of the wagon and 
found the squirrel, pounded to a jelly and 
covered by rotton wood and dust. 

We traveled 3 days in this manner most 
delightfully, shooting quails and squirrels 

by the roadside, and one evening bagging 
18 mallards at a river which we reached 
just in time for the evening flight. We 
never tired of the scenery. Every moun- 
tain top showed us another exquisite val- 
ley containing fresh beauty of hill, or 
bluff, or stream ; and to the right or left of 
the road, or trail, little nooks, and caves, 
and grottoes were ever and anon dis- 
closed and myriads of mountain springs. 
Toward evening of the third day, after fol- 
lowing a mere trail in the forest some 
distance, we reached the camping spot our 
guide sought, and a finer one I have never 
seen. From a cave near the top of the 
mountain poured a large spring, which ran 
down a series of ledges uuntil it reached 
a little glen about 50 yards in diameter. In 
this glen were beautiful trees and vines, 
moss and ferns adorned the rocks, and 
squirrels were barking everywhere around. 
At that spot we spent the most delightful 
week I ever enjoyed. 

Basset promised to find us a bunch of 
turkeys, but we were becoming rather 
skeptical when several days had passed 
without a sign of the birds. One morn- 
ing Rob and I took our dogs and went 
Southward along a level ridge after quails, 
while Basset and his hounds were scouring 
a parallel ridge not far away. We found 
nothing until noon, when both dogs came 
to a point at once on what proved the 
largest bunch of quails I ever saw. A hun- 
dred birds, at least, rose and flew in every 
direction. Rob took one dog and I the 
other, and until 3 o'clock we had glorious 
sport. By that time we got together and 
agreed that we had birds enough. Those 
mountain quails seemed larger and brighter 
colored than the birds we had found along 
the road and we were at a loss to under- 
stand why they collected in such large 

While we were talking about it there 
arose a tremendous racket on the ridge op- 
posite us. Basset was yelling like an In- 
dian, while his dogs made the woods re- 
sound. Soon the guide was silent, though 
the hounds kept giving toneue. Presently 
came the report of Basset's Winchester and 
a yell of exultation. At this we ran down 
the mountain and up the other ridge. When 
we got over there Basset was standing by 
a dead turkey. Telling us to wait there 
for him he set off at a fast run with the 
hounds. For the next half hour we could 
hear the hounds trailing hither and thither 
through the woods, and then the guide re- 
turned alone, having: sent the dogs to camp. 
He said he had killed the turkey while it 




was standing in a tree watching the dogs, 
and that the noise he had made was to 
thoroughly frighten and scatter the flock. 
He added that we would have to wait again 
while he took our dogs and tied them up 
out of sight and hearing, and that then he 
would try to call up the turkeys. 

When he returned he placed Rob in front 
of a big pine facing East and made me sit 
in front of another tree, facing West, my 
position being about 50 yards west of Rob's. 
Basset said we need not be afraid of the 
turkeys seeing us if we would remain mo- 
tionless. He then took a position midway 
between us and began calling "keow, keow 
keow." At first he called loudly and fre- 
quently, but after hearing an answering 
yelp he called softly and at longer inter- 
vals. The first answer came from Rob's 
side. It was twice repeated in the next 10 
minutes. Then there were 2 reports in 
quick succession. We went to where Rob 
was standing and found he had taken snap 
shots at a turkey about 60 yards away, and 
had missed. Basset cautioned him to wait 
longer next time and, assuring us there 
would be more chances, placed us again in 
our stations. 

After he had called for 15 minutes an 
answer came from the West and soon 2 
great birds pitched from the top of the op- 
posite ridge and flew almost straight to- 
ward me. As they passed me at about 20 
paces I fired at the leader and he fell, rid- 
dled with shot. Rob and I pulled on the 
other at the same instant. The bird fell, 
gathered itself together and started to run, 
but ere it had gone 10 yards the guide 
overtook it. He ordered us back to our 
places and soon I heard a turkey call, a lit- 
tle to my right. When Basset answered, 
the bird came running but suddenly stopped 
about 60 yards away. In all my hunting 

experience my nerves were never so tested. 
I thought the bird saw me and that the 
next moment he would be off without giv- 
ing me a shot, still I forced myself to obey 
Tasset's instructions. In a few moments 
the guide yelped faintly, and then I under- 
stood why the bird had stopped. It was to 
listen, for as soon as the call sounded he 
ran straight on and at 2 rods distance saw 
me. It was a young gobbler and I shall 
never forget his look of dismay. For sev- 
eral seconds he stood as though turned to 
stone, then as I jumped to my feet he 
hurled himself into flight. I pulled the 
trigger and one more turkey was added to 
our bag. The guide called up 2 more, 
Rob getting one and I the other. 

The next day Basset killed a yearling 
deer, and had we not had some moun- 
taineer visitors much of our game would 
have spoiled on our hands. In some way 
our presence had become noised through 
the mountains and Sunday morning all 
the men and boys for miles around gathered 
at our camp. They came on foot, on mules, 
and on horses, and gazed amazedly at our 
hammerless guns and Rob's 30-30 rifle 
which our guide assured them would kill a 
deer 2 miles away. 

We stayed in camp 10 days and I never 
before so enjoyed shooting or eating. Sev- 
eral times we went to a river near and 
shot ducks; and the quail shooting seemed 
all the more enjoyable after a change to 
ducks, squirrels, or turkeys. The walking 
was good, the woods were open, and there 
were no fences to climb. At night the 
hounds would tree coons and we would 
take our lantern and axe and bring them 
into camp. It took us nearly 4 days to 
make the journey back to the railroad, but 
it was all enjoyable, and Rob and I are 
looking forward, to another trip with Basset. 



Ship me some place West of Kansas, where 

the earth's not crowded so ; 
Where they have about four people to each 

square mile or so ; 
Where the atmosphere's been washed and 

dried, and ironed so smooth and fine, 
That it seems a happy foretaste of some 

elixir divine. 

For I'm sick of all these people, swarming, 

moiling to and fro ; 
Sick of twenty-storied scrapers and the 

stony streets below ; 
And the homesick heart within me longs 

for spaces wide and free 
That stretch out West of Kansas, and it's 
there Id like to be. 


Oh, I love the locomotive, when her head 

is pointed West, 
And her wheels are swift revolving; 'tis 

then I love her best. 
Past the lake front at Chicago, corn fields 

rich of old Mizzoo, 
Past the bluffs at Kansas City, Westward 

portals rolling through. 

When my day's work is over, and I toil 

and moil no more, 
Don't bury me in sodden earth upon this 

foggy shore. 
Ship me some place West of Kansas, 

where the great plains onward sweep; 
'Neath the shadow of the Rockies let me 

softly, sweetly sleep. 

1 ' 



When the cold night winds a-howlin', 
Set the ole hound a-growlin', 
An' shake an' rattle doors an' winders, fit 
to wake the dead ; 
An' the winder panes is bright 
With the frost-reflected light 
A-shinin' from the birch logs in the fire- 
place, blazin' red; 
When I come a-stampin' in 
From the milkin', it's a sin 
The way I love to linger an' to stan' aroun' 
an' gaze 
In the fireplace, red an' roariri' 
With the flames that go a-pourin' 
Up the black an' smoky chimbley, 
From a 
Blaze ! 

In the evenin', when the folks, 
With their laffin' an' their jokes, 
Make a ring about the fireside, an' pass 
roun' the cider jug; 
Then I love to watch the games 
Of the leapin', dancin' flames, 
As they wreath aroun' the forestick with 
a sort o' lovin' hug; 
Seems like they're full's kin be 
Of the good will an' the glee 
That's alius kind o' ketchin' in these crispy 
winter days ; 
An' in all the world around 
Thar's nothin' to be found 
So comfortin' an' cheerful 
As a 

New, when I wuz down to York, 
I heerd our son's wife talk 
'Bout their ole-fashion fireplace; but, praise 

it as she would, W4 

Be dad-dinged ef / could 
See any earthly good 
In a fireplace made o' gaspipes, painted up 
to look like wood ! 
So, when the rivers freeze, 
Jest give me, if ye please, 
A load o' seasoned birchwood, jest as big 
as you kin raise, 
An' enuf to eat an' drink ; 
An' be danged ef I don't think 
I could set an' loaf forever 
By a 




Loving peace above all things I have 
hitherto firmly suppressed the impulse to 
fasten the epithet of liar on certain people 
and, in spite of the fearful jar veracity sus- 
tained at the hands of the author of "A 
Racket in the Rockies," I again play the 
nobler part and set him herewith an ex- 
ample of fidelity to fact and detail which 
I prayerfully hope he may remember in the 
future, lest something awful happen to him. 

'Way back in the '90's I went into camp 
on Swartz creek, in a country where game 
was simply ubiquitous. I had to camp 
on an island to keep the wild creatures 
from disturbing me at night. Having 
packed in but a meager outfit from Pierson- 
ville, Mich., through a trackless wilderness, 
I had much difficulty in organizing a camp 
out of raw material ; but by working over- 
time and exercising my inventiveness I 
finally completed a rude but serviceable 7- 
room cottage, with gas and hot and cold 
water, and a catamaran. By that time, 
however, I was entirely out of grub and 
hungry ; so I took my trusty rille and 
boarding the naphtha launch I set sail for 
the low lying, blurly wriggling, distant 
shore, which was under obligation for en- 
chantment to 7 miles of the worst walking 
I ever saw. I arrived while the sun .was 
yet an hour high and after tying the car.ce 
to an iron ring in the breakwater, I walked 
down the railroad track to the first cattle- 
guard and had the good fortune to observe 
a large cinnamon elk drinking out of 
Swartz lake. 

Although the distance was upward of 
800 yards I took a Lyman rest over a mile- 
post and applying my eye to the telescope, 
I planked the eland through the lower lobe 
of the solar plexus. He dropped as if shot. 

Simultaneously with the shot I saw 
through the telescope dark objects fall from 
a limb on a tree at nearly right angles to 
where the doe had stood, but a good 80 
rods to the West. Grasping my rifle firm- 
ly I started across the glassy, frozen surface 
and, after sticking the splendid buck, I 
hurried over to where the dumdum had 
glanced from his horn. I found to my 
amazement that it had split a limb 63 feet 
from the ground and shelled out g fat 
coons like peanuts. They were either killed 
or terribly injured by the fall. 

While I was looking at them and think- 
ing how lucky I was that morning, a thin 

amber stream began falling into the high 
grass near the foot of the tree. Glancing 
aloft to ascertain its genesis I was still 
further astounded to find that the hard 
steel ball had, after settling the hash of the 
coons, drilled a hole into the trunk of the 
oak and by merest chance tapped a large 
deposit of wild honey. I needed the honey 
in my business, but for some time was at 
a loss to know how I was to save it. Then 
remembering the water-skins and wine- 
skins of the East, I muttered as I fumbled 
for my blade, "B'gosh ! Why not honev 

Quickly splitting those 11 coons across 
the North end and turning them out of 
their hides, I soon had really serviceable 
receptacles. I took one in each hand, wad- 
ing back across the creek, skinned the 
bear and hung all but the saddle high up, 
to be taken in the next day. 

Since coming to camp I had been so 
all-fired busy that I had neglected my 
mending and in my buckskin pants were 
numerous apertures through which brook 
trout to the number of 92 had rushed in 
terror, but found no escape as I waded 
back and forth carrying my honey and 
coons. It was an unusual way to catch 
shad, but there they were, to speak for 
themselves. Of course you have often heard 
a pike speak. As it was fast growing dark 
I hurriedly piled the honey and coons and 
meat and black bass onto the buffalo hide 
and grasping it by the tail I started for 
camp, drawing my load behind me. 

It was pitch dark when I arrived. I 
started to drop the tail, to unload, and it 
all but slipped out of my hold, as a piece 
of stretched rubber would. Being incap- 
able of further surprise I calmly tied the 
tail around a sapling and felt back for 
the load but it was not there. Back and 
back I reached, about 20 rods, when it 
dawned on me that the greenness of the 
hide, the heavy dew and the large deck- 
load had caused the buckskin to stretch. 
I was tired out. It was dark. I threw 
myself on the sofa and slept until long 
after sunrise. When I arose, the morning 
sun had shrunk the hide; and the 13 coons, 
the 93 perch and the hind quarters of the 
antelope were before my door. 

The next day it rained. 

Advt. Try Keely cure for rumatiz of 
the hair. 3tf. 

Bill Damm's daughter, Grace, has scar- 
latina, and the whole Damm family is quar- 
antined. — Ozark News. 




I saw his tracks, some feathers and other 
indications of his having his home beneath 
a log drift in the bed of a small creek. I 
could see that he was an old timer for his 
tracks were extremely large, and that he 
had lost some toes off one front foot, so I 
knew he would be wary, hard to catch and 
well worthy of my steel. I placed a care- 
fully concealed trap some distance from his 
habitat and baited with the leg of a musk- 
rat, which is a favorite food of the mink's. 
The next morning the bait was gone and 
the trap undisturbed.. This occurred night- 
ly for 4 consecutive nights and change as 
I might, he was too cunning. Next I 
buried the trap in the mud and under water 
about an inch in depth, and placed the bait 
so that to reach it from the bank, he would 
be compelled to pass over the trap. I 
figured this out with nicety, and felt satis- 
fied I could bid him a cheery good morning 
the following day. I was there bright and 
early to do so; but the water had fallen in 
the creek, the trap was uncovered and I 
do not know but that mink was peeping at 
me from under a log and enjoying my dis- 
comfiture. At any rate, I felt cheap. 

The question of his capture became a 

serious problem with me. I felt chagrined 
that a little mink with a head no bigger 
than a piece of chalk could play me who 
wear a J% hat, and have been told all my 
life that I am smart. I sat down on the 
bank and evolved the following plan. 

Choosing a spot where the water was 
about a foot deep, some 6 or 7 feet from 
the bank, I pushed a cordon of small sticks 
down into the mud and below the surface 
of the water in such form that they would 
hold a chunk of wood, which I had pre- 
viously selected. I placed the trap on this 
wood and covered it carefully with mud,. 
I thus had a little floating island with a 
trap ready for business covering its surface. 
I then floated a good sized pole and an- 
chored it with stakes in such shape that one 
end rested on the shore and the other 
reached within 2 feet of the trap. When 
the mink reached the end of the pole, the 
alluring bait I had placed over the trap 
could only be reached from the island, to 
which he jumped. The next morning he 
was in the trap, caught by both front feet 
and drowned. I had to wear my hat on the 
back of my head all that day, but the swell- 
ing gradually went down. 

fti ^™BL s****^ •#&* 






Made with Collinear Lens 




The morning of November n, 1901, 
opened bright and clear in the Northern 
part of Beltrami county, Minnesota. We 
were out early. It was the second day of 
our stay in our hunting cabin. The day 
before we had looked over the country sur- 
rounding our camp and knew that deer 
were plentiful, as we had seen 3 bucks and 
an enormous number of tracks.. 

We were 4 in our party. We went to- 
gether for about a mile South, where we 

ridge, while Mr. Fuglestad went around 
on the South side. He had hardly got 
around before he started a big buck, but 
there was so much brush he only saw the 
deer's white tail and did not shoot, The 
buck crossed within 40 yards of me and 
I fired at his shoulder. He went down and 
I called to my friend that I had the deer; 
but as I loked again he scrambled to his 
feet. I fired a second shot as quickly as I 
could, but as I fired he passed a dry birch 



separated, 2 of the boys going East, while 
Mr. Fuglestad and I went West. I had 
the only compass and as I seldom get turned 
around in the woods, I let one of the other 
boys have it. Mr. Fuglestad and I followed 
a creek about a half mile, when we came 
to a big slough. South of that was a long 
high ridge mostly covered with brush and 
dead birch trees. Beyond that lay a great 
tamarack swamp. North of the slough 
was higher ground and a long belt of Nor- 
way pine stretched Northward. We de- 
cided to cross over to the ridge, walk up 
along the West edge of the slough and 
hunt up through the big pines. In get- 
ting to the ridge we found many fresh 
deer signs. I walked along the top of the 

stump and the bullet crashed into that, 
throwing splinters of wood all over the 
deer. That frightened him and he turned 
down the ridge into the tamarack swamp. 
I fired a third shot as he entered the swamp 
but missed. 

The swamp stretched out as far as we 
could see, and we knew that unless the 
deer was badly wounded we would never 
get him. We examined his tracks and 
found much blood. W r e then ate our lunch- 
eon and waited a while, thinking he would 
not go far if not followed immediately. 
After about an hour we took up his tracks, 
which led almost straight into the swamp 
for at least a mile, when he began to go 
in every direction except out of the swamp. 




We found less and less blood and feared 
that the game was up, but not wishing to 
leave a wounded deer we kept up the chase. 
All that time we had not noticed that the 
sky had become clouded and that it was 
steadily growing darker. At last it began 
to snow. We did not know how far we 
had walked as the deer had gone in every 
direction. Neither of us had kept track 
of the directions, and we could not tell by 
the wind, as it was entirely still. _ We 
then realized that we were in one of Minne- 
sota's thickest and darkest swamps with- 
out a compass, and it was snowing. The 
trees stood so thick we could see but a 
few yards ahead. The snow covered 01 r 
tracks in a short time, also the dangerous 
little pools of water that are all through 
these swamps. Mr. Fuglestad stepped in 
one of these and the water went up to his 

I climbed a big tamarack to see if I 
could tell where we were, but saw only 
tamarack in every direction. We took the 
direction which we thought was most likely 
to be right and went straight, for about a 
mile, when I again climbed a tree. That 
time I thought we were surely getting out 
of the swamp, as straight ahead about a half 
mile I saw higher ground and a few aspen 
trees. We went straight for that bunch 
but our hopes fell as we came to a little 
knoll with 3 aspen trees on it ! We did 
not say much, and what we did say would 
not look well in print. I climbed the larg- 
est aspen and looked around, but saw 
only the brown, slender tamaracks; and 
as it had almost quit snowing and I was 
so high, I could see many miles. It was 
getting late in the afternoon and we knew 
we were in for the night, at least. We 
decided to stay where we were until some- 
thing turned up. We knew that the swamp 
was over 20 miles across at that place and 
we must be far into it. 

We gathered a big pile of dry wood, to 
keep a fire burning all night. We had no 
grub and had seen no game since we en- 
tered the swamp. To make things seem 
even more hideous, wolves began to howl 
about us. I disliked the idea of roosting 
with an empty stomach, so took my rifle 
and wandered about our dismal camp in 
search of anything with flesh and blood. I 
was much surprised to find a large flock of 
ruffed grouse. I soon had 6 down. The 
little 38-55 cut their heads clear off. We 
roasted them Indian fa/shion, plastering 
them over with mud and baking them in 
the coals. We ate 2 that night and they 
tasted exceedingly good. They were a little 
different from the ordinary ruffed grouse, 
being smaller, and darker in color. 

We both slept some that night by lying 
close to a small fire. Toward the middle 
of the night the clouds became a little 

lighter and I could see the milky way. I 
then knew the direction at once, as I knew 
how the milky way lay at that time, and 
it was clear that we had gone Southwest. 

I did not say anything to my friend about 
it, but in the morning I said that I smelled 
the boys and was going straight for camp. 
Mr. Fuglestad said that he did not smell 
anything but tamarack and bog. After 
eating all we wanted of our birds we put 
the rest in our pockets. Mr, Fuglestad 
pointed out what he thought must be East 
and advised -that we go that way until we 
got somewhere. I knew that he pointed 
Northwest, but did not say so. I only said 
I smelled the boys and was going to camp, 
and that if he did not wish to stay in the 
swamp and be eaten by wolves he would 
better follow me. I picked up my rifle and 
started straight East. My friend followed, 
although he said he knew we were going 
wrong. We kept on going as fast as we 
could nearly all that forenoon, when sud- 
denly we came out at about the same place 
where we had started in the day before. 
We crossed the slough, which was frozen 
over, and came into a patch of hard maples. 

I had just shot a grouse, not thinking we 
should see deer at that time. There were 
many big pine windfalls at that place and 
as I climbed over one of these I saw a 
big buck coming directly toward us. I 
was surprised. We had not walked quiet- 
ly and I had just fired my rifle; still this 
deer seemed unaware of our presence. I 
aimed at his neck and fired, but just at that 
moment he leaped over a little windfall and 
the bullet only grazed his back, cutting 
much hair and making several bad holes 
in his hide. I had used smokeless powder, 
the deer had not seen me and he stopped 
short about 40 feet from me. I put a bullet 
behind his ear and he was our meat. Mr. 
Fuglestad had been some distance in the 
rear and did not see the deer until it was 

Our friends had heard the firing and soon 
met us. They had searched for us all the 
forenoon snd had fired many signal shots, 
but we had not heard them. Our friends 
had also shot a deer and had seen a bull 
moose the day before, but as the season had 
not opened on moose they did not shoot. 

Since that time I have never gone into 
the big woods without a compass, and I 
earnestly advise all other sportsmen to 
carry one when in the woods. We staid 
in camp about a week longer and got 2 
deer apiece, with which we were satisfied. 

Deer are numerous in Beltrami county. 
Many moose are also found there ; but a 
better place for moose is along the Big 
Fork river in Itasca county. A few cari- 
bou are also found, but they are scarce and 
should not be shot. I am going up again 
in the fall of 1903. Who will go with me? 



I have always been an enthusiast regard- 
ing the rifle, and have always been glad 
to meet kindred souls; but it has been re- 
served to me till now to have one of the 
most enjoyable experiences of my life. 

C. W. Rowland, of Boulder, Colorado, is 
a devotee of the trigger to whom I point 
any brother who may come to the moun- 
tains for health or pleasure, as one who 
knows more about a rifle than any other 
man I ever met, and who not only can tell 

its history related, its scores exhibited, and 
witness its owner's love and tenderness as 
I have done. 

To get just what he wanted, Mr. Row- 
land first bought a 6^ Ballard, of which 
he preserved only the action, which thus 
cost him $35. Into that he had inserted a 
.32 — 40 barrel, bored and rifled on a mod- 
ern system. It is rifled with a gain twist 
and outfitted as a muzzle loader, with 
false muzzle. He has several different 


it all intelligibly, but who will do it gladly 
and with such evident interest in both the 
subject and his auditor as to make one 
feel that Mr. Rowland is receiving rather 
than conferring a favor. Mr. Rowland is 
the owner of the most perfectly appointed 
weapon possible to the craft, and cares 
for it with a love and devotion that com- 
pensate me for the jeers I have endured 
because of my tenderness toward my hon- 
est old Remington. I send you, herewith, 
a photograph which shows the piece in 2 
aspects, presenting both sides to the view. 
To get a proper conception of its beauty 
one must see it, handle it, caress it, peer 
through its twisted heart, aim at imagin- 
ary bull's eyes, have it all explained to him, 

styles of levers, but that exhibited in the 
picture, designed by Mr. Rowland himself, 
is the one he uses exclusively in doing his 
best work. The stock is a beautiful piece 
of walnut, which Nature in an artistic 
mood had fashioned into a dream in wood. 
This Mr. Rowland has had ornamented in 
the manner of the finest old Kentucky ri- 
fles, inlaying it with sterling silver, the 
right side having the old cap box let in. 
On the top, just where his cheek caresses, 
it, he has put a strip of ebony, which adds 
much to a beauty already nearly perfect. 
The rifle is provided with double triggers 
which act at the lightest touch, yet will not 
move untouched and which have not the 
slightest creep. The sights are peep and 




globe. The butt piece is the Schuetzen. The 
palm rest is reversible. 

Mr. Rowland has recently received from 
a gunsmith in Denver, a supplementary 
barrel which he can put in place of the 
.32 — 40. It weighs 8*4 pounds, is 30 inches 
long, the same as the other, octagon, and 
chambered for the 22 long rifle cartridge. 

I send you a number of targets, for 
which I trust you may find space, believ- 
ing they will serve a good purpose in show- 
ing the student in this delightful field 
what may be accomplished by an earnest 
devotee, with a good weapon, properly 
equipped.. The targets marked "Machine 
Rest," were shot simply for groups with- 
out regard to centers, but it seems to me 
the offhand work is marvelous. 

Mr. Rowland has ako a rifle built by a 
gunsmith in Scranton, Pa., which is a 
beautiful weapon but very heavy. It is in- 
tended only for rest work and only a Sam- 
son could hold it up offhand through a 
whole score. It is a muzzle loader, firing 
with the standard percussion lock. Its 
bullets are curiosities, however. They 
must be at least .45 caliber, and each con- 
sists of 2 parts, a hood of hardened lead 
and a core of pure, soft lead. The latter 
is inserted into the former, and driven 
home. The explosion drives the core into 
the hood, expanding it so as to fill the 
grooves and confine the gas. 

Standing in the cabinet beside the rifles 
is also a beautiful Winchester repeater. In 
the various drawers and pigeon holes of 
the cabinet are sights which the owner has 
devised and tried, globes, apertures, cross 
hairs, etc. One sight in particular interest- 
ed me. It was an aperture in which the per- 
foration was conical, with the small end 
toward the eye, whereas the sides were 

dressed conically on reverse lines, the large 
end toward the eye, the object being to cut 
off all light except what passed directly 
from the bull's eye. This idea has been 
used by manufacturers. The near sight now 
used on most hunting rifles as they come 
from the factory, namely, the elevation 
sight with a slide in it that may be ele- 
vated to any point and set with a screw, is 
Mr. Rowland's invention, but who ever 
heard of his name with it? It was not 
patented and the manufacturers used it, of 

Jay Rowland, 10 years old, is almost as 
good a shot as his father. He is a most 
engaging boy, modest and reserved, com- 
posed and cool. He is unusually large for 
his age and when 10 more years shall have 
ripened his strength and his experience Mr. 
Rowland will have a rival worthy his steel. 

Anyone looking at Mr. Rowland will be 
surprised to find him 5 feet 10, for he does 
not seem so tall. Instead of weighing 145 
or 155 pounds, which wo Id seem reason- 
able for his appearance, he pulls down 170. 
He is 43 years old, but hio muscles are steel 
and his dark eyes have the gleam of the 
eagle's. A most peculiar thing is his 
sight. He can read ordinary newspaper 
type, held so close that the paper touches 
his nose, but if this be removed farther 
and farther till it exceed arm's length, he 
can read just the same without pain or 
sense of strain. He has chewed tobacco 
ever since he was 10, but does not feel 
that it has affected his nerves. That, 
however, is his only vice. His morals are 
otherwise an example. Faithful to his 
duties, busy, unassuming, genial, quiet, re- 
served, he is the respected citizen, the 
genial neighbor, the trusted friend, the 
ideal sovereign of the hearthside. 

Gray — They are beginning to have type- 
writers on the stage. 

Black — I know ; but it's an affectation. 
No typewriter that ever was invented can 
write as rapidly as the average actor with 
the common, everyday pen. — Exchange. 



The nex' day an' the nex' we didn't do 
much huntin', occasion uv th' doe pa killed 
makin' us all the meat we wanted, but me 
an' Mr. Sam went to set th' traps, an' as we 
wuz a passin' by a grassy pond we hearn a 
fuss in hit like a big fat man a-laughin' way 
down in 'is paunch, an' somethin' wuz a- 
makin' a kimmotion in th' water, an' a- 
shakin' th' grass. I sez, "What's that, Mr. 
Sam?" an he sez, "Ask me an' then guess, 
but we'll soon find out;" so we slipped 
down ter th' aidge uv th' pond back uv 
some grass, an' listened. 'Bout every min- 
ute th' ole thing, whatever hit wuz, 'ud 
make that funny fuss, an' rare round in th' 
grass an' water, but we coulden see nothin'. 
We got tired uv that direckly, so we dim' 
a couple uv saplin's that growed clost ter 
th' pond, an' then we could see somethin' 
a swimmin' round in th' grass an' a-makin' 
a fuss. Hit wuz shore a dashin' 'bout fast, 
an' I didn't know what hit were, but Mr. 
Sam sez, "Hits otters, by grannies, but I 
never knowed they made that kind uv fuss 
before. Le's wade out an' seef we kaint 
git a shot at th' triflin' cusses." We slid 
down easy an' rolled our britches up far's 
they'd go, an' went in th' pond mighty quiet. 
Th' water weren't much over knee deep — 
but hit shore felt cold a-creepin' up my 
laigs. We waded out 'mong th' bunches uv 
grass, an' every other step we'd go in a 
hole up ter our middles an' slosh 'round, 
an' we thought shore th' otter 'ud tear out, 
but hit kep' a swimmin' 'bout th' fastes' I 
ever seen. Sometimes it 'ud come 'ithin 20 
feet uv us, but hit kep' under th' grass an' 
we never could see hit, 'cept when hit 
dashed acrost some little open place,. 

Direckly though hit stopped under some 
grass right at Mr. Sam, an' he got sight uv 
hits head an' popped to hit with 'is Win- 
chester. An' when he did we hearn some 
more tear off in th' pond, but we didn't get 
ter see 'em. Mr. Sam sez, "Well, by gran- 
nies, this ole otter beats my fishin'. I never 
seen one that brave before." But when we 
got hit ter land we seen hit wuz a big ole 
she otter, an' looked like she'd been suck- 
lin' young uns, so we made up our min's hit 
wuz that what made 'er so spunky. We 
hung 'er up an' cased 'er an' hit shore is a 
job an' I woulden fool yer. The hide has 
ter be took off whole, same as turnin' a 
sock wrong side out'ards, an hit took us 
'bout an hour. 

We took off round th' pond, an' at th' far 
end, where there wuz a lot uv high palmet- 
ter, we seen a lot uv sign leadin' into hit, 
an' up in there wuz a sort uv mound 'mong 
th' roots, an' hit wuz more plum smooth, 

an' lots uv sign 'round hit. So we went on 
ter where th' traps wuz hid, an' brought 
back 4 uv 'em, an' set 'em in th' best places. 
Then, hit bein' 'bout noon, an' us hungry 
as maggots, we lef th' rest uv th' traps fer 
next day, an' tore out fer camp. We 
jumped 3 deer on th' way an' th' biggest 
bunch uv poterges I ever seen.. I reckon 
they wuz 40 in th' bunch. 

When we got ter camp, pa 'n Uncle Dick 
wuz at th' branch a fishin', but they had 
lef a skillet uv biskets an' a pan uv veni- 
son steaks by th' fire, an' I set down an' 
et till I wuz in misery. Pa sez th' ole otter 
shore had young uns er we never 'ud a 
seen 'er. He'd hearn 'em make that fuss 
many a time, but mostly at night. That 
night we laid round th' fire an' cooked 
ribs over th' coals, an' they wuz th' best 
I ever et. 

Nex' mornin' pa 'n me et a stack an' 
lit out 'fore sun up, ter set th' traps, an' 
look at th' ones me 'n Mr. Sam had set 
yistiddy. On th' way we seen th' purtiest 
kind uv a fox, but we didn't git ter shoot 
'im. When we got ter th' pond, dinged if 
we didn't have 2 uv th' purtiest little half 
grown otters you ever seen. Pa sez he'd 
a turned 'em loose but one had 'is leg broke, 
so he give 'em a lick apiece on th' head, 
an' they never knowed what hit 'em. Their 
fur wuz th' softest an' finest I ever seen, 
an' pa sez they'd bring a couple uv dollars 
apiece. We went on an' set th' traps in 
likely lookin' places, an' jumped a little 
buck on th' way. He wuz layin' in a bunch 
uv palmetter, an' we wuz right on 'im 
'fore he knowed hit, an' you'd orter seen 
'im tear out. If I could run 's fas' as a 
deer I woulden' take nothin' fer hit. 

As we wuz goin' 'long through th' woods 
we hearn a curious fuss back uv a bunch 
uv bushes, like goats a buttin' one 'nother, 
an* we went ter see, an' what do you reckon 
hit wuz? Two big ole tortoises wuz a 
fightin', an' th' way they'd do, they'd git off 
a little piece, an' run tergether, an' try ter 
butt one 'nother over, which would shore 
settle it, fer they kaint turn over when 
they git on their back. We watched 
'em a while, an' then I parted 'em, an' 
I had ter kick 'em apart, they was so 

We had lots uv fun ketchin' perch ter 
bait th' coon traps. They wuz thick ez 
wiggletails in a rain barrel an' hit took 
our best ter quit 'em. There wuz 3 ole 
whoopin' cranes walkin' 'bout in th' woods 
a lookin' at us, an' a hollerin' th' loudest 
I ever seen. 

When we got ter camp Uncle Dick an' 



Mr. Sam wuz gone, an' they wuz a bunch 
uv poterges right in camp a pickin' 'round 
where we fed th' horse. They wuz so 
purty we never bothered 'em, but they run 
off when they seen us. 

It wuz gittin' to'rds sundown, an' every 
few minutes we'd hear a gun go er-o-o-o-m 
off in th' hammock, an' we knowed Uncle 
Dick an' Mr. Sam wuz gittin' us a mess 
uv somethin', so we baked a skillet uv 
biskits an' buried some pertaters in th' 
ashes. A little after dark Uncle Dick an 
Mr. Sam come in with a mess uv squir'ls 
all ready cleaned. Mr. Sam rolled 'em in 
batter an' throwed 'em in th' fry pan, an' 
in less 'en a short time we wuz a settin' 
down to hit. 

I sailed inter th' squir'ls an' et till pa 
sez, "stop, son, fer pity sake; you'll kill 
yoreseff." But look like th' more I et th' 
better they tasted. 

That night, as we laid 'round th' fire, 
we hearn th' panters holler ag'in, off in 
th' swamp, an' pa sez, "I reckon we'll have 
ter take a day off purty soon an' see 'f we 
kaint run them varmints down an' git a 
shot at 'em." Uncle Dick sez they had 
roosted a bunch uv turkeys in th' aidge uv 
th' hammock, an me 'n him 'ud git up 
'fore sun in th' mornin' an' kill a couple. 
They got ter tellin' varmint tales then an' 
some uv 'em wuz plum scary, an' I went 
ter bed with shivers runnin' down my 


I send you herewith a photo of a moun- 
tain lion shot in these mountains last fall 
by a settler living here. The lion jumped 
the settler's colt, 3 davs old. The man 
fought him off until the colt died. The 
next morning at daylight the settler laid 
for the brute and when he returned to 
feast on the body of the colt the settler 
sent 2 rifle balls through him,. The lion 
was. 6 feet long. 

Capt. F. L. Clarke, Fredalba, Cal. 

"Yes, ma'am," says the saleslady; "this 
is the new game of ping-pong-let." 

"But it is so little," objects the custom- 
er. "It looks like a toy." 

"It is quite popular," declares the sales- 
lady. "It is a miniature of the other game, 
and is especially designed to be played in a 
flat." — Exchange. 

Said Mr. Goodson to his pretty niece, 
"Do you work for the poor?" 

"Indeed I do !" she replied. "I go to 
every charity ball there is." — Exchange. 

Farmer Scudder — I s'pose them New 
Yorkers are a purty frisky lot o' sports? 

Farmer Selleck (just back) — Frisky? 
Well, say ! I didn't get back to my hotel 
one night till arter 9 o'clock, an' they 
hadn't got th' doors locked then. — Judge. 




C. B. R., M. D. 

In 1869 I had charge of a wagon train on 
the plains, freighting between Sheridan and 
Kit Carson, in Western Kansas, to Santa 
Fe, Fort Union, Las Vegas, Albuquerqe 
and all points in New Mexico and lower 
Colorado.. Sheridan and Kit Carson were 
then the Western termini of the Kansas 
Pacific Railroad. I had a light rifle, made 
by Mr. Ben Mills, of Harrodsburg, Ky., for 
a long range target gun. It was on the 
plan of the old Maynard rifle and was a 
fine shooter. I had killed many deer and 
antelope with it, but had no experience 
with buffalo. 

On the trip from our home ranch on the 
La Cimaron Saco (Dry Cimaron), New 
Mexico, where we had been resting a few 
weeks, to the railroad terminus, we went 
across the country in a line from the Dry 
Cimaron by way of Fort Lyon, Colorado, 
were caught in a fearful snow storm and 
had to camp until it passed. It lasted sev- 
eral days and nights, leaving at least 2 
feet of snow and still cloudy weather. As 
a natural consequence, we got lost. For 3 
days we wandered around with 16 4 to 6 
mule wagons. Every fellow thought he 
knew the way to Fort Lyon. To make 
things lively 50 or 60 Indians got after us.. 
They were afraid to charge, as we were 
about 25 in number and well armed. They 
would run up toward us, wave their blan- 
kets at us, make all kinds of noises 
and keep us scared out of our senses most 
of the time. To add to our misery, our pro- 
visions gave out.. We had nothing for sev- 
eral days but corn meal and coffee ; nothing 
to season our bread, nothing to go in the 
meal but salt. We were a hungry crowd. 
Toward evening of the fourth day we saw 
a little bunch of buffalo about a mile away, 
and everybody wanted buffalo beef; but no 
one was brave enough to make the attempt 
to kill one for fear of the Indians. Fortu- 
nately the game was on good ground for a 
hunter to get near enough for a shot. I, 
being wagon boss, finally told the men I 

would slip around and shoot one if they 
would come to my assistance in case the In- 
dians attempted to cut me off from the 
train. All promised, and I knew some of 
them were brave men, for I had been 
through Indian scares and races with them 
before. Arming myself well I started after 
meat. I got close to the buffalo and select- 
ed a large dark one, the dark ones being al- 
ways the fattest. I made a good shot at a 
young cow. When the bullet struck her she 
saw the smoke of my gun and my head and 
shoulders above a buffalo wallow, and came 
at me full tilt. I had not time to load my 
rifle. I held on to it, however, but drew an 
old Remington .44 cap and ball revolver 
and shot her in the face several times, 
jumping around and running toward the 
wagon every time I had a chance. Finally 
I made a run, thinking I could beat her 
through the deep snow, but she got so near 
me she blew blood from her nostrils all over 
me. I thought I was gone. I tried to pray, 
but was so badly scared I could not think 
what to say. I finally said "Amen," for I 
thought it was Amen time with me. I 
yelled "Amen" at every jump until the poor 
thing came down on her haunches and then 
rolled over dead. The rifle bullet had gone 
through her lungs and she ran me until 
she died from loss of blood. I was so badly 
scared I did not once think of Indians and 
could hardly walk, but trudged on slowly 
toward the wagons that were coming to me. 
When I met the men they asked me if I 
were not going to help skin the game,. I 
said : 

"No, I have furnished the meat, and I 
think you can afford to skin and cook it." 

Talk of buck ague ! Nothing ever 
made me tremble so much as that buffalo, 
except a silvertip, a few years later, of 
which I will write you. That night we had a 
feast ; corn bread made with melted snow 
and salt, black coffee and fried buffalo meat. 
Several of the boys ate so much they were 
sick all night. 



Two prescriptions he got for poor shooting, 
From a doctor, wise, and a friend. 

"Smoke less," read the doctor's instruction; 
"Smokeless" was the other's trend. 



Last summer I accompanied a party of 
young men on a fishing excursion, as guide, 
philosopher and friend. The philosophy 
and friendship were all right, but at times 
I suspected the boys were rather sceptical 
as to the intrinsic value of the guidance. 
However, they were jolly good fellows, 
gave me the lightest part of the drudgery, 
most cheerfully took the hard work on 
themselves, and were so good natured as 
to accept my acquaintance with the locality, 
and experience as a camper, as squaring the 
account; which was generous of them, and 
very comforting to me. We camped a 
fortnight on Snake lake, at the Narrows, 
something like ioo miles North of Montreal. 
The greater part of the journey was by 
rail, but the last 30 miles we drove in 
wagons along a colonization road through 
the mountains, arriving at our camping 
place a short time before dark. The 
boys had a large army tent, which was 
at once dining-room and bedroom, while 
I preferred my little wall tent and solitude. 
The air was cool and deliciously pure and 
bracing, and it was a delight simply to ex- 
ist. The lake was well stocked with grey 
and spotted trout, the former running up 
to about 4 pounds weight, and the latter 
to 2 pounds. They were ready biters, and 
gamy, and we had no difficulty in keeping 
the larder well supplied, notwithstanding 
our prodigious appetites. We had the best 
luck toward evening, from about an hour's 
sun till dusk. We had an easy time for 
some days, but even fishing may become 
monotonous and we began to wish to catch 
larger fish. After discussing the question, 
we concluded that the big fish got up earlier 
in the morning than we had been accus- 
tomed to do, and we determined to surprise 
them; so instead of going out on the lake 
as usual toward night we built a huge fire 
on the shore as it became dark, and turned 
our attention to catching minnows for the 
proposed early fishing. 

The next morning, as dawn began to 
show, I turned sleepily out of my blankets, 
and tried -to rout out the boys in the other 
tent; but sleep was too sweet, and the 
chances of rare sport were by no means so 
attractive as the night before. I, therefore, 
unwillingly set off alone. It was a beauti- 
ful morning, the East rosy with the coming 
dawn, the lake like glass, with here and 
there little wisps of fog on the surface of 
the water, while streamers of fog rose from 
hollows along the. sides of. the mountains 
bordering on the lake. 

On the East side of the lake, about half 
a mile from camp, the cliff descended steep- 

ly to the shore, and the water a few feet 
from the edge was 40 feet deep. I deter- 
mined to try my luck there. The morning 
was so still that an anchor was unnecessary. 
Stopping the motion of the boat, I affixed 
a minnow to the hook and dropped ths line 
into the water. My equipment was of the 
rudest; a cane rod with the tip broken off, 
so that the small end was about as thick 
as my little finger, a fine linen line, a No. 
4 hook hung on double gut, and nary a 
reel. My boat was one of Mullins' "Get 
There" duck boats. I settled myself com- 
fortably to rest and to enjoy the beautiful 
morning. Soon a gentle pull at my line 
drew my attention. Waiting a little to 
give the fish a chance to pouch the minnow, 
1 gave a quick pull to fix the hook, but 
found it immovable, and concluded that it 
had caught in a sunken log, or in a crevice 
of a rock. I was soon undeceived, for the 
point of my rod was suddenly and forcibly 
drawn under water, and I became convinced 
that something more than an ordinary gray 
trout was at the end of the line. I put what 
strain I dared on the line. After a while 
the fish gave some to the pull, and I re- 
covered my rod, but from the strength he 
exhibited, I knew I had hold of a heavy 
fish; so heavy indeed that I had small hope 
of landing him with so inflexible a rod, and 
so fine a line. To maintain the connection 
for a while was all I could expect. The 
fish next made a dart sideways, but the light 
boat whirled around like a top and by 
keeping the line taut I met that move- 
ment successfully. His next effort was 
a dart ahead in a straight line, but the 
boat followed easily and I kept the point 
of the rod up. He soon tired of that, and 
went for the bottom and sulked a while. 
After a few minutes he responded to the 
jerking of the line by another rush, darting 
now this way, now that, and then rushing 
ahead. Two things were in my favor; the 
boat was light, facile, yielding almost in- 
stantly to each impulse of the fish, whirling 
quickly or moving ahead as occasion re- 
quired, and the fish kept at the bottom, thus 
enabling me to keep the line at right angles 
to the rod. Had the fish risen and attempt- 
ed to make off and thus get the line and the 
rod in a straight line, my hold would have 
been worthless. 

How many times the fish repeated these 
manoeuvres, or how long a time elapsed, I 
have no idea. I lost all sense of time, for- 
got all about the lovely morning, forgot 
camp and breakfast, completely absorbed 
in the exciting though almost hopeless con- 
test. At last the fish's efforts became sens- 




ibly weaker and slower, his rests longer, he 
yielded to the upward lift of the rod, and 
1 began to think there were some chances 
for success. Finally he gave enough so 
that I threw the rod back sufficiently to 
grasp the line in my hands. I pulled it in 
slowly, carefully, I may say, tremblingly, 
foot after foot, expecting every instant that 
he would make another lunge, but ready 
to pay out the line if I must. He did not 
do so, however, contrary to my expecta- 
tions, and greatly to my relief. Finally I 
drew him alongside of the boat, leaned 
over, slipped my left hand into his gills, and 
with a quick movement drew him into the 
boat. Then I seized the little hatchet that 
I always keep under the seat, gave him a 
tap over the nose, and the prize was mine. 
I rested and chuckled and hugged myself. 

It was a landlocked salmon; not only by 
far the largest I had ever caught, but the 
largest I had ever seen. After my excite- 
ment had somewhat subsided, thoughts of 
breakfast began to insinuate themselves, 
and with them the desire to exhibit my 
treasure to the boys. I returned to camp, 
where the big fish was duly admired and 
conjectures were made as to its weight, for 
unfortunately the only scales we had were 
inadequate to the weighing of so large a 
fish. One of the boys had a pocket rule, 
however, and the fish proved to be 3 feet 
4 inches from tip to tip, g l / 2 inches in depth 
from back to belly, and stout in propor- 
tion. There was no trouble after that about 
getting up early to go fishing, and the boys 
caught some choice large fish ; but not one 
that could quite rival my "big trout" 


Herewith I send a picture of 13 tarpons, 
the largest catch ever made in one day. 
This picture was taken at Tarpon, Texas, 
at the fishing grounds. Mr. J. R. Wain- 
wright has beaten the world's record for 
a catch and broken the season's record for 
an individual, having caught 169 tarpons 
up to this date. Length offish 5 feet 10 
inches to 6 feet 3 inches. 

S. Smith, San Antonio, Texas. 

gave them away to his friends.. He simply 
fished for a record. He was ambitious to be 
photographed with the victims of his insati- 
ate thirst for blood. Then the fish would 
have to be thrown away to rot, or be fed 
to the 4-legged hogs, which are models of 
decency as compared with this 2-legged 

It appears that you are a professional 
photographer; that you make pictures for 


Here is one of the most revolting cases 
of slaughter that has come to my notice in 
many a day. Thirteen fish, which vary in 
length from 5 feet 10 inches to 6 feet 3 
inches. The smallest of these fish would 
probably weigh 100 pounds, and the largest 
150 pounds ; so that the lot would aggre- 
gate 1,500 to 1,800 pounds. The tarpon is 
not fit to eat, so the brute who committed 
this butchery has not the pitiable excuse 
that many men put up, to the effect that he 

money. If I were in your place, I would 
not prostitute my art to such a despicable 
specimen of humanity as this man Wain- 
wright, if he should offer me $1,000 for 
such a picture. However, since you took 
the photograph, I regret you did not get a 
better light on his face, in order that 
sportsmen might be able to know him by 
sight in future and shun him as they would 
a viper. — Editor. 


The man who quits when he gets enough, with plenty of game still in sight, is a real sportsman. 


During the last 6 years I have been liv- 
ing in a country which abounds in game 
and possesses so many natural advantages 
as a game country that it is destined to be 
the greatest shooting ground on the conti- 
nent. During the years spent here I have 
participated in many a hunt, the history of 
which would fill my fellow sportsmen with 
that malady which compels a man to take 
to the forest with his gun. 

I have had something of a monopoly of 
this hunting ground. About 3 years ago, 
while on a prospecting trip, I found a 
tract of land shut off from the rest of 
the upper peninsula by an almost endless 
swamp, known as Munoskong bay, and 
having a number of high ridges running 
well out into the lake.. On examination I 
found all the country swarming with deer 
and small game, and to my knowledge, 
there had never been another party hunt- 
ing on the grounds. The bays were alive 
with ducks. I decided to establish a sort 
of reservation there, and the following 
season I planted the bays with wild rice. 
Last fall there were hundreds of acres of 
rice, and mallards came there in thousands. 

I was late last year in getting to the 
grounds. I found my guide already there 
and eager for the hunt. Next morning 
we arose by daylight and decided to hunt 
together, one to do the driving and the 
other to watch the runway, which was a 
well beaten path. Before going far, I se- 
lected a point on which to wait and started 
the guide on his course. I had not been 
waiting more than half an hour when I 
heard a twig crack, and looking down the 
runway I saw a large doe coming straight 
toward me. I incautiously raised my rifle 
too hurriedly.. She bounded from the run- 
way and stopped squarely behind a large 
pine stump, leaving exposed only the top 
of her spinal column. I fancied I could 
kill her and took careful air at her spine. 
When I pulled the trigger, the doe leaped 
into the air, and with one bound was in 
thick timber, causing me to lose a second 
chance. She had not gone more than 10 
rods before I heard the crack of my guide's 
•30-30 and going over to help him I found 
he had taken only a chance snap shot at 
my doe, as she was going 40 miles an hour 
through the bush. On going back to where 
I had shot, we found a few drops of blood, 
and decided to follow the doe, but after 
trareling about 2 miles, we gave Up the 

We then went along the river bank a 

short distance and came on the fresh tracks 
of a large buck, which had swum the river. 
I went around to cut off his advance on a 
runway crossing, and left the guide to 
follow the runway. I waited a short time 
and along came the buck, on the bound. 
I opened fire, breaking a front leg at the 
first shot. He seemed to go faster than 
ever. I fired a second time and on going 
to where he had been standing, I found a 
large piece of bone. He went straight 
ahead. I followed him 2 miles, and he 
again crossed the river. As it was too 
deep for me to cross, I had to go a mile 
up stream to get my boat. On getting 
around to where he had crossed, I jumped 
him within 40 feet of the river bank and 
killed him with a 38-55, through the head. 
I was somewhat surprised to find on ex- 
amining him that my second shot had 
cut the bone of the other fore leg, nearly 
in the middle. The bullet had carried 
away a piece, of the bone. The deer had 
run 2 miles with only half of the bone of 
one fore leg, the other being completely 
broken. He was a magnificent fellow, and 
his hide and horns now adorn my study. 
This was only one of the many adventures 
of our hunt, which lasted several days. 

Next season, I shall spend my holiday 
there and should be more than pleased to 
have the company of a few good compan- 
ions. My camp is commodious and is free 
to friends. The ground is so located that a 
number of sportsmen can be placed to ad- 
vantage ; and any who would care to visit 
a country where hunters have not de- 
snoiled the game may go with me and en- 
joy a glorious hunt. Of course the ac- 
commodations are limited, but I like the 
society of true sportsmen, and will gladly 
share with a few good men, not of the 
game hog family. 

J. A. Cameron, M. D., Pickford, Mich. 



Many people suppose that hunting bears 
is dangerous work, but as a matter of fact 
it is the safest of all pastimes. Of course, 
amateur hunters who do not understand 
the nature of the beast sometimes attack a 
bear at close quarters and get the worst of 
the fight, but the professional hunter works 
in a different manner. All professional 
bear hunters use traps. The bear is first 
caught in a trap and then killed. The bear 
is a stupid, cowardly animal, and if given 
an opportunity it invariably runs from a 




man. In many ways it resembles a hog. 
It likes to wallow in mud and filth. If suf- 
ficient food is at hand it will eat until it 
falls down in a stupor. It is omnivorous, 
and its food consists of whatever it can 
find. In summer it lives on roots and ber- 
ries. At other seasons it preys on cattle, 
sheep, pigs, poultry or other animals. 
Often it eats carcasses. 

Some years ago I was trying to fill an 
order for several pine martens. A pros- 
pector named "Charcoal" Brown lived in a 
cabin on Douglas creek, near Laramie, 
Wyoming, and I went out there hoping to 
trap a few martens in that vicinity. One 
day, while Charcoal and I were away from 
the cabin, a bear broke in and created 
havoc with our provisions. He ripped open 
the sack of flour in the middle of the floor 
and then smashed open the keg of molasses 
on top of the flour. After eating his fill 
of this mixture he wallowed in the remain- 
der. Then he lay down on Charcoal's bed 
and went to sleep. 

It was just getting dark when Charcoal 
and I returned. Charcoal, noticing that the 
door of the cabin was open, said, 

"That old bum, Dirty Pete, has been up 
here helpin' hisself to our grub agin." 

He stepped inside and called out, "Yes, 
an' the old sot's drunk an' snorin' on my 
bed. I'll poke him out with a shovel 

An instant later I heard a commotion 
and a yell from Charcoal. The bear ran 
against him and knocked him into the pud- 
dle of flour and molasses as it rushed for 
the door. 

That bear gave us considerable trouble 
that fall. About once a week he would 
break into the cabin while we were away 
and ruin our provisions. Among other val- 
uable assets Charcoal had an 8 gallon beer 
keg which had been left there by some ex- 
pert who had come out to look at the mine. 
I knocked the top out of this keg and 
drove a number of sharpened spikes 
through the sides, slanting downward. 
Then I poured about a quart of molasses 
into the keg and set it in a place where 
the bear would find it. 

That evening as Charcoal and I were 
sitting in front of the cabin we saw Mr. 
Bear up on the hill, sniffing the air with 
his nose pointed toward the keg. He had 
smelled the molasses, and there is nothing 
a bear likes better than molasses. He did 
not see us and we sat still and waited for 
results. He walked in a line for the keg:, 
sniffing and licking his chops as he went. 
When he reached the keg he plunged his 
head in after the molasses without making 
any investigation. Charcoal shouted and 
the bear attempted to withdraw his head, 
but the spikes caught him. First he stood 
on his hind feet and struck the keg with 

his paws and squealed. Then he tried to 
back out of the keg. Then he started to 
run. He plunged squarely against a tree 
and forced the keg farther over his head. 
Charcoal ran to the place and began beat- 
ing the bear with a long handled shovel, 
shouting between strokes, 

"Ye will git in my bed, will ye?" 
One badly aimed blow kpocked the keg 
off the bear's head. Charcoal ran one way 
and the bear the other. 

Charcoal afterward caught a number of 
bears with that trap. Nowadays these 
beer-keg traps are used all over the West- 
ern country. Perhaps a third of the bears 
killed are captured in beer-keg traps. I 
invented the trap as a matter of necessity, 
but at that time I did not think it would 
prove so popular. 


O. L. B. 

If you wish to be a successful hunter, 
never marry. True, a wife can be got for 
$2.50, while a good setter pup costs $20 to 
$25 ; but, generally speaking, the pup is 
much the more valuable of the 2 animals. 
To be sure, the pup may be taken with 
rabies, and bite you ; but he won't make 
your life miserable if you happen to wink 
at a pretty girl, and he won't nag you if 
you should not turn out to be a nickel 
plated, ball-bearing saint. Heaven protect 
and prosper the pups. 

A wife may object to washing the dishes, 
but your dog will be only too glad of the 
chance to perform this necessary household 
labor. About every so often your wife 
would want a "perfect dream of a hat," 
and would pull down the heavens if you 
didn't hand over the necessary dough ; 
while for the price of this "dream" you 
could buy 40 loaded shells which the 
pup would gladly help you use. Your dog 
would never ask for a hat, but would con- 
tentedly gulp down hunks of liver, and 
cold potatoes, and look on you as a model 
of generosity for giving them to him. 

A dog is great company. A wife, too, 
might be fair company if she had the time, 
but as most of a woman's life is spent in 
combing her hair and in studying the 
fashion plates, the married man must go 
to his club when he wants company, or 
sit on the back stoop and cultivate the 
sociability of his neighbors' chickens. 

A wife is no good as an exhibit in class 
A. You can't call in your friends to note 
her good points ; she would get hot too 
quick if you should do that. You can't, 
as you artistically distribute tobacco juice 
over the stove, tell how she snapped up a 
rabbit before it had made 2 jumps, after 
you had driven the unfortunate bunny out 
of its burrow, with a ferret. Special ad- 
vice: Never use a ferret. The man who 



would hunt rabbits with a ferret ^ would 
steal onions out of a blind huckster's cart, 
and would save his chews of tobacco for 
use a second time. No one but an all 
around sneak will ever use a ferret. 

Do you suppose for a moment that your 
wife would sleep in the yard and not kick 
about it? Do you think she would work 
patiently for you in the woods or fields all 
day, and then expect nothing from you for 
her devotion but a few kicks in the ribs? 
Can you believe she would stand by you 
and love you above all others, even though 
you should becme a ragged, beery sot, 
shunned by all mankind? Certainly not. 
Yet a dog will do all this, and will, appar- 
ently, extract some happiness from life. 
In a word, there is but one advantage 
which a wife could possibly possess over 
a dog, and that is, she might not have quite 
so many fleas. 

Finally, do not be a game hog. There 
may exist lower beings than game and 
fish hogs, but if so, they have not yet been 
found and classified. You can, of course, 
derive much joy and satisfaction from 
catching a ton of fish or shooting 700 
ducks, and then, standing behind your 
trophies, have an amateur camera fiend 
photograph the whole outfit; but your hap- 
piness is likely to be short lived, for the 
pictures may fall into the hands of a man 
who makes it his business to wallop human 
swine. As this chap is backed by several 
hundred thousands of good sportsmen, he 
rather has the bulee on the game hogs. As 
long as he and Recreation exist, and I trust 
they will hold on for some time yet, hunt- 
ers would better sail shy of the hog busi- 
ness. It doesn't pay a man to have the 
whole race of true sportsmen sit down on 
him and squash him so flat that even his 
dog would fail to recognize him. 

But don't get a wife. Stick to the setter 
pup, and let the other fellow have the wife. 
If you should ever get tired of the dog 
you can easily find all the wives you want, 
for the supply is always greater than the 
demand ; but you would better hold to the 
dog, even though he should be possessed of 
more fleas than are really necessary. 



In October last a party of 12, compris- 
ing gentlemen from Norway, England, 
New York and Tennessee, and some na- 
tive Washingtonians, embarked at Edison 
on the schooner Fram. We were bound 
for Schley inlet on Dewey island, one of 
Puget Sound archipelago. 

The trip was made partly in pursuit of 
venison and partly for recreation ; and, 
of course, we took Recreation with us. 
Nothing of interest occurred during the 

voyage, save when Neptune exacted tribute 
from 2 of our party. They paid conscien- 
tiously, keeping nothing back. We ar- 
rived safe at our destination, unloaded 
our duffle, pitched our tents and built a 
great log fire. 

After supper an election of officers for 
the campaign was held. It resulted as fol- 
lows : F. Flemmings, captain ; D,. Arcy, 
lieutenant; Watkinson, orator and supe ; 
H. Stump, secretary; C. Taylor, treasurer; 
J. Kerr and A. Jackson, vocalists; J. Mar- 
tin, star gazer and taker of altitudes. Your 
Uncle Joe was favored with a multiplicity 
of offices, being elected commissary, physi- 
cian and historian. 

Monday morning, directly after break- 
fast, Captain Flemmings issued orders for 
the day. The commissary gave notice that 
a little venison would add variety to the 
bill of fare. Vocalist Jackman took the 
hint and brought in a deer, thus securing 
the medal for first blood. 

The tally for Tuesday was 2 deer, some 
misses (the compositor is warned that if 
he fails to use a lower case "m" the club 
will sue him for libel) and many "ifs." 

Wednesday brought us a variety of 
game; one deer, a brace of grouse and a 
coon. The gentlemen from Tennessee were 
in favor of roasting the coon. During the 
roasting process the dogs one by one re- 
tired from the vicinity of the fire to a dis- 
tance exactly proportioned to their individ- 
ual keenness of scent. We all had severe 
colds and for awhile could not account for 
the discourteous withdrawal of our canine 
friends. Subsequent developments con- 
vinced us that our coon had for a long 
time been dieting on decayed salmon and 
Limburger cheese. The fact was palpable ; 
no combination of condiments would hide 
it. That roast was condemned by an ex- 
temporaneous board of health ; and we 
took it away and buried it in the trackless 
forest, where murmuring cedars shall ever 
sentinel its lonely grave. Then, with what 
appetities we could, we returned to our 

The following day a large buck re- 
turned with us to camp, causing: unstinted 
comment and comparison. Friday we 
surprised ourselves by killing 2 deer and 
spent the evening singing "O deer, what 
can the matter be?" 

No venison on Saturday; nothing but 
disappointment and cuss words. Thereup- 
on we voted to go home the next morning; 
but morning brought no wind, so we were 
forced to put in another day hunting. One 
of our members, of eccentric disposition, 
left his gun in camp, and, armed with a 
handsaw, went in search of laurel or ma- 
drone canes, and a nice bit of ironwood 
to send Coquina to make a new handle 



for that sticking fork. When a man has 
no gun he is sure to meet with something 
gunable. That is what happened to 
our friend. He came face to face with a 
large deer; one looked silly and the other 
simple. It wasn't the deer that looked 

Nearly 25 years ago I made my first trip 
across the Continental Divide, near Ten- 
nessee pass, which is now in Eagle county, 
Colorado. Descending the Eagie river I 
was amazed at the quantity of game of 
various kinds. In those days it was noth- 
ing unusual to see 500 to 1,000 deer in a 
few hours' travel, and they were as tame 
as sheep in a clover field. 

Mountain sheep and elk were also abun- 
dant and many a fine specimen fell to my 
rifle There were also many cinnamon, 
dlack and silvertip bears, and mountain 
lions, lynx and bobcats, galore. 1 he 
mountains were covered with grouse; in 
early days we seldom killed one, as large 
aame was so abundant. In this country the 
Srouse always go up near timber line to 
winter, coming down in early spring to 
nest They start up about November 1st 
and' generally follow the high ridges I 
have seen them, in hot dry weather picking 
drops of dew from the leaves and blades 
of grass ; I have also noticed them drinking 
from springs and brooks. A grouse can 
go a long time without water. He will 
spend the entire winter, which here lasts 
4 or 5 months, near timber line, where there 
is no water, nor is there vegetation of any 
kind, except large pine trees; the ground 
being covered by 15 to 40 feet of snow 1 
suppose the birds must eat snow in place 
of water and find something on the pines 
for food. They are as fat and plump in 
winter and early spring as in summer. 

The game in this country was a great 
blessing to the early settlers; salt meat was 
a luxury. I have been almost famished tor 
bacon or ham ; no one can really appreciate 
salt meat, until he has lived 6 or 8 months 
on straight venison. In those days we 
packed everything in here either on our 
own backs or the backs of pack jacks, or, 
perhaps, horses. 

We began to raise vegetables about 10 
years ago; now we have some fine farms, 
well stocked, well watered and with every- 
thing modern. We have a railroad now, 
and on the tract of land where I have 
seen game so abundant, and where I olant- 
ed a pre-ernntion stake, 25 years ago, now 
stands the thriving little town of Minturn, 
which I later on staked out as a town site. 
The game has gone, the locomotive has 
come and with it came a class of people 
who would shoot at a deer as long as they 

could see it and then set the dogs after 
it and chase it clear out of the country. 

Hounds could be heard in every direction 
until the game was practically gone. There 
still remain a few deer, 'bear, some grouse 
and occasionally an elk or a mountain 
sheep in this vicinity, but if an unlucky 
beast pokes his head over the ridge in 
sight of town the residents are up and after 
him in hot pursuit. 

The game law seems a dead letter, but 
I predict the time is drawing near when 
the slaughter of game will no 'longer be 
tolerated by law abiding people. The L. 
A. S., of which I am a member, was only 
recently organized here and through its in- 
fluence, I trust, the game may find rest and 

George G. Booco, Minturn, Colo. 



Perhaps you do not realize the great bene- 
fit we, the so called lower animals, have 
received from that wonderful discovery, 
"The Transference of Thought." At the 
beginning of the century we had a secret 
conclave where each had a voice and our 
rights and wrongs were discussed. By 
unanimous vote it was resolved to present 
our cause before the League of American 
Sportsmen for a hearing. The under- 
signed were requested to present it. 

Great credit was given the L. A. S. for 
the passage of the Lacey bill. There have 
been other laws passed that were good as far 
as they went ; for instance, the one forbidding 
the jacking or hounding of deer for 5 
years. But, Mr. Editor, what would you 
think of a law to protect you and your 
family for 5 years and then give you over 
to the tender mercy of thugs and robbers, 
with no redress whatever? Another law 
is that no person shall kill more than 2 
deer in any one season. How many do 
you think of the 67 guides listed in 
Recreation pretend to obey that law? Do 
not 75 per cent, of them kill 4 or more? 

The State claims to own all game with- 
in its boundary lines. If that be true, each 
citizen owns an equal share of all kinds of 
game, and his rights should be respected, 
whether he be a poor man or a million- 
aire. A man in Florida writes that 2 mil- 
lionaires (we assume they call themselves 
sportsmen) have bought immense tracts of 
marsh land and have posted notices of no 
trespassing thereon in order that they may 
themselves be able to shoot ducks by the 
thousand. Whose game are they kiHing? 
Does all game on those tracts belong to 2 
game hogs? If all game on a tract of land 
belongs to the man who owns the land, 
why is a law made to prevent him from 
killing but 2 deer each season? If these 
ducks are not owned by these millionaires 



why not stop them from killing more than 
their share of the State's ducks? 

Another question came up. Our enemies, 
the bear, panther and mountain lion, do 
not hire professional guides, neither do 
they give information from Dan to Beer- 
sheba as to where we live, as do all the 
sportmen's papers. We think we claim 
nothing more than is fair when we ask 
that each person who comes after game 
shall get it himself, without help from 
guides. Put yourself in our place for a 
while. We have many enemies that de- 
stroy us, but our most deadly enemy is 
man. Though armed with a weapon with 
which he can kill us at a great distance, 
he is not content with that ; but must get a 
specialist and pay him big wages to lead 
him to our homes. Do you call that fair 
play? And then when the tenderfoot shoots 
at us and misses, what does the guide do? 
He shoots us for keeps. Shame on him! 

Now, Mr. Editor, we should like to know 
what your readers have to say regarding 
these matters ; also, what you think would 
be fair and just, supposing we changed 
places for 5 years? 

Buck Deer, 
Wood Duck. 


I call your attention to the enclosed clip- 
ping from the Mail and Express supple- 
ment. Besides the awful slaughter of these 
pheasants, I notice with much amusement 
the shooting rigs, etc., of Webb's crowd. 
Some resemble explorers, others the villain 
in the show, and I want you to get on to 
the chap in the rear, who is holding his 
gun upside down. 

It seems as if it was up to you to start 
a female department in your pen. You 
might get some candidates from this 
bunch. Can't you roast 'em? 

J. F. Case, New York City. 

The clipping to which Mr. Case refers 
shows the picture of a hunting party at 
Dr. Seward Webb's Shelburne Farms, and 
the pheasants bagged in one day. On re- 
ceipt of Mr. Case's letter I replied : 

Dr. Seward Webb has raised a lot of 
tame pheasants, and has the same right to go 
into his fields, or even on his open ground, 
and kill them that he would have to kill 
his chickens, ducks, geese or turkeys. Any 
farmer may go into his barnyard and kill a 
dozen or 100 or 1,000 domestic fowls with- 
out making a hog of himself. So Dr. 
Webb and his friends may kill his whole 
batch of tame pheasants in one day or in 
one hour if they see fit, and no one else 
has a right to kick. In my judgment, the 
farmer I have mentioned would be having 
just as much fun as these people did shoot- 
ing pheasants ; but different people look- at. 

things with different eyes. My work is in 
trying to save the wild birds and animals 
from slaughter, and it keeps me busy. ' 

To this letter Mr. Case replied : 

Even though Doctor Webb raised those 
birds himself and slaughtered them on his 
own farm, the pheasant is strictly a game 
bird and should always be treated as such, 
whether domesticated or wild. When any 
one slaughters pheasants, whether he be a 
market hunter or an individual like Doctor 
Webb, something should be said in behalf 
of the birds. Many persons who see the 
photo we have reference to will argue that 
if Doctor Webb has the right to kill his 
own birds in any way and to any number 
so may they, who are not fortunate enough 
to have their own farm, slaughter, with 
equal right, pheasants, whether wild or not. 
I do not strictly mean that Doctor Webb 
should be roasted, but it seems to me that 
something said about this matter in Rec- 
reation could not fail to do good. For in- 
stance, Doctor Webb has the right and 
power to slaughter his own pheasants, but 
how much more noble it would have been 
on his part if he had taken this 100 or so 
shown in the photo and stocked some bit 
of public woods with them. Perhaps he 
has never thought of this, but possibly a 
word would open his eyes. I am not. the 
only man who thinks this way, and am 
speaking directly for at least a dozen other 
sportsmen in this city. 

J. F. Case, New York City. 


I have recently been investigating viola- 
tions of the State game laws, and trying 
to prevent the killing of deer with dogs 
by making charges to the State game com- 
mission against parties who use hounds. 
I have come to the conclusion that what is 
needed is for the L. A. S. to appoint some 
one person to take charge of the matter, 
and for each member of the League to re- 
port any facts, that can be supported by 
affidavits, where there has been a violation 
of the law which has been reported to the 
commission, and in which there was no in- 
vestigation by the commission. That there 
are many such cases I" am convinced, but 
for one person to gather them into form 
is impossible. I tried to do it, but soon 
found that I could accomplish little alone. 
I found some members of the League re- 
luctant to reply to my letters, and one 
member, who is also a warden, failed to 
reply. Whoever opposes the commission 
will find it difficult, unless strongly sup- 
ported by corroborative evidence and aided 
by other sportsmen. That there is great 
need of some members of the commission 
being removed is apparent to anyone con- 
versant, with. the. workings of that body. 



The expenses of such an investigation must 
be met by the League, and a fund should 
be set apart for that purpose. If some 
member living in or near Albany would 
take up this work we might expect results 
that would give satisfaction to all. Having 
read the articles on the subject in August 
and November Recreation, I am sure that 
only such a course will overthrow the com- 
bine, which is as corrupt as the police force 
of New York City; and it will take energy 
and positive conviction of the right of the 
matter to do it. 

We shall soon see reports from the com- 
mission telling how many deer have been 
shot during the open season, and how num- 
erous they are ; but if there is such a re- 
markable increase as they report, why do 
they advocate shortening the hunting sea- 
son? There seems to be a studied effort 
to deceive the public in regard to the work 
of the commission, and if any man can get 
any information from their reports I should 
like to hear from him. There is no at- 
tempt to show who has been complained of, 
who has been fined, the places where vio- 
lations are most common, or many other 
things that an honest report should show. 
Men often outlive 'their usefulness, and 
there seem to be some of that class in our 
game commission. Let the League take 
hold of the matter with spirit and we will 
have a commission that is a credit to our 

A. D. K, North Granville, N. Y. 


One Sunday morning Sid and I called 
our dogs and, shouldering our guns, started 
for an old millet field where we knew we 
could find quails in plenty. We spent sev- 
eral hours walking around behind the dogs, 
but they could find no trace of birds. 
Finally Sid's pointer stopped almost under 
my feet and made one of the prettiest points 
I ever saw. The other dogs were not far 
behind and backed him up like veterans. I 
walked in and kicked the birds up. A 
covey of at least 50 scattered in all direc- 
tions. I turned loose with my double gun 
and got 2 with my first barrel and one with 
the second. Sid did a Little better. He had 
a pump gun and being a good shot knocked 
out 5. The birds scattered so we could 
find only 2 more. Those we got and being 
tired we started for home. 

On the way a big farmer walked up, 
grabbed my arm and said, "Gimme yer 
gun." I could not see it that way and 
took pains to tell him so, whereupon he 
pulled out an old horse pistol and stuck it 
in my face. I realized then that to argue 
would make matters worse, so handed over 
my beloved gun. He then went through 
my pockets and took possession of my 4 
birds, explaining that he was a county po- 

liceman and as we had been hunting on 
Sunday we must take the consequences. 
Then he gathered in Sid, who submitted 
gracefully. We were taken to Louisville 
and put in the county jail. We soon got 
some one to go our bond and had the case 
set for Monday. Early Monday morning 
we were sitting in the court room and 
County Judge Jas. Gregory was looking 
down on jis, over his glasses. After asking 
us a few questions he imposed the small 
fine of $5 and costs for each offense, and 
each bird we had was a separate offense. 
I got off with $25, but poor Sid had to 
give $35 for knowing how to shoot a little 
better than I. It was the first intimation 
we had had that Kentucky has a law against 
Sunday hunting. You can bet we'll hunt 
on week days after this. 

R, L. Lukenbile, Louisville, Ky. 


October 15 I went to Moxy pond with 
W. Bodwell, C. Bodwell and L. Wilcox, 
of Sanford, Me. They killed 2 bull moose 
and 5 deer. I went, October 27, to my 
camp on Squaretown, with R. Jarman, of 
Brooklyn. He killed 2 bucks. One dressed 
180 pounds, the other 270, A few days later 
he got a bull moose which dressed 800 

On these 2 trips we started 30 moose; 
they never were so numerous in this sec- 
tion before. 

C. Bodwell and his son, Verna, of San- 
ford, Me., went into my camp on Square- 
town, November 12. The next day Verna, 
who is only 14 years old, killed a large 
bull moose within 2 miles of camp. He 
also got a buck. A few days later 2 
friends of Mr. Bodwell, from Boston, 
joined us at camp. They got 3 deer, one 
a buck that dressed 216 pounds. 

The 20th W. Davis, of Manchester, 
N. H., and E. Goodwin and B. Paige, of 
Antrim, N. H., came to camp. The third 
day after his arrival Mr. Davis killed a 
bull moose within 3 miles of camp. He 
also shot a deer. Mr, Goodwin secured a 
buck and Mr. Paige 2 bucks. 

The last 3 days of the season I spent 
trying to show A. Donigan, of Bingham. 
Me., a moose. We saw nothing but small 
bulls and cows and calves until late on 
the afternoon of November 30. Then we 
found a yard of large moose but did not 
have time to hunt them. I went to Pierce 

I ond, 13 miles from Caratunk, December 

II with N. McQuillan and F. Pooler, of 
Skowhegan, Me. They shot 4 bucks in 
one day. 

During the hunting season of 1900, 9 
sportsmen whom I guided, killed, in the 
vicinity of Caratunk, between October 8 
and November 27, 16 deer and 3 moose. 
Deer and moose are every year becoming 



more abundant here. All guides in this 
region hope the game laws will remain un- 
Geo. C. Jones, Reg. Guide, Caratunk, Me. 

Enclosed you will find a clipping from a 
local paper, giving an account of a duck 
hunt that surpasses anything of its kind 
as a wholesale slaughter: 

There was a hunt at lower Otay reservoir to- 
day, the following 9 hunters, Dr. J. B. Starkey, 
George Nolan, Dr. H. W. Taylor, F. Keissig, Mr. 
Essen, James Scripps, Dr. Frazer, Henry Seebolt 
and E. S. Babcock, composing the party. The 
hunt began at 9 o'clock. The first round before 
noon brought down 1,200 birds, and the second 
round in the afternoon added 800 more to the 
score, making a total of 2,000 for the day. 

Something ought to be done to prevent 
such another day's shooting. That 9 men, 
in one day, could be guilty of killing 2,000 
ducks, which makes an average of 222 to 
a man, is almost beyond believing. All 
sportsmen should demand and see that the 
law protecting game is enforced. It is a 
shame to manhood that anyone could com- 
mit such a crime, for c uch it certainly is. 
Knowing that your magazine takes hold 
of such cases in the right way, I send the 
clipping that you may do with it as you see 
fit and help to get justice done. There is 
a law and I believe such lawbreakers should 
suffer the extreme penalty. 

W. F. Klages, Los Angeles, Cal. 


These annual butchering matches of 
Babcock and his fellow razorbacks have 
aroused the indignation of thousands of 
decent men everywhere, yet the sportsmen 
of California, who are directly interested, 
stand idly by and allow the slaughter to 
go on without recourse to the law. Cali- 
fornia has on her statute books a law limit- 
ing the number of ducks which any man 
may kill in a day to 50. The Babcock herd 
usually plead exemption from this statute 
by claiming that most of the birds they kill 
are mud hens and that these are not ducks; 
yet if the game wardens of that State would 
do their duty they would no doubt be able 
to convict some of these ornery brutes of 
killing more than 50 real ducks each in a 
day. — Editor. 


I have seen a great many letters concern- 
ing game hogs in your paper. Many of 
them are unjust. If a man has the true 
sporting spirit and wishes to make a good 
bag during his vacation, is there any need 
of your making his exploits notorious? 

I did a little hunting last fall and I am 
not ashamed to tell of it. I went down to 
Wareham on a 2 days' trip with a good 

supply of ammunition, but I did not ex- 
pect to have such good success. I bagged 
133 ducks, also many smaller birds, the ex- 
act number of which I do not recall.. I do 
not say this to boast, and I hope you will 
not take it as such; but just to show you 
I am not ashamed to back up my opinion 
as to your injustice to so called game hogs. 
I assure you I do not object to having this 
published if you think it worthy of notice. 
I should like to read your answer in 
Recreation ; or, if you dare not print a 
letter in opposition to your views, address 
your reply to 

, James R. Cohenstein, Boston. Mass. 

You are different from some of the other 
swine from whom I have heard. In fact I 
have heard from some thousands of men 
who say they had slaughtered game for 
years and knew no better, but that they are 
now ashamed of it and will never do it 
again. You seem to be beyond the reach of 
any appeal, even to your better sense, if you 
have any. I have printed hundreds of let- 
ters from decent sportsmen, expressing 
their condemnation of just such butchery 
as you confess to having committed. Still 
you affect to believe that I am alone in my 
views regarding slaughter of game. In 
order to convince you, if possible, that I am 
not, I now request a few hundred readers 
of Recreation to write you direct and tell 
you what they think of a man who kills 133 
ducks and a lot of other birds in 2 days and 
in these times of scarcity of game. — Editor. 


After a steady diet on "sow-belly," beans 
and flapjacks, when a man hasn't had a 
mouthful of fresh meat in his house for 
weeks, he and his family craving it, and 
then refuses to shoot at a doe or a fawn, 
it seems to me that the future of our deer 
is in safe hands. That is the ex- 
ample I had on a recent trip up in Routt 
county, Colorado. I saw lots of deer, 
and when on little trips from our camp 
on Troutt creek, near Pinnacle, with 
ranchers living near there, we had several 
opportunities each day at does or fawns, 
but the ranchers paid no more attention 
to them than if they had been a cow and 
a calf strayed from a neighbor's bunch of 
cattle. To a tenderfoot this seemed little 
short of heroic. All the inhabitants I met 
in that country frown on anyone guilty of 
killing a doe or a fawn. This sentiment 
among . them goes much farther toward 
preserving the game than any law that 
could be enacted, and it is not with those 
men the result of any fear of the law. The 
campers who swarm the best hunting 
grounds quickly become aware of this sen- 
timent, and they fear the ranchers much 



more than they do game wardens. I do 
not mean to speak disparagingly of our 
game laws nor of the brave men who are 
employed to enforce them. Every one of 
our provisions for the preservation of our 
game and fish is, as far as it goes, wise 
and good ; but every man feels that he 
would rather have the respect of his fel- 
lows than the mere satisfaction of not 
being a law breaker. If this feeling is 
prevalent among ranchers throughout the 
country, as it certainly exists in the North- 
western part of Colorado, and is fostered 
and strengthened, is it not the most likely 
solution of the future of our game? The 
slaughter of game can not be laid at the 
door of the rancher. 

John M. Fairfield, Denver, Colo. 


Since using the Savage rifle I am more 
than pleased with it. It shoots well, and 
with little recoil. There is only one thing 
I can find fault with. The Savage Arms 
Co. recommends the miniature bullet for 
ioo yards, but I find it worthless beyond 
25 yards. All our miniatures were loaded 
by the Winchester people for the Savage 
rifle. It may be they are not the same as 
the cartridge furnished by the S. A. Co. 
The soft nose and the full jacketed are all 
any sportsmen could desire. 

The other morning the Indians who were 
working in the pit came to my tent, calling 
"Mucho venado." Grabbing my Savage, I 
followed their direction and saw 2 deer 
across the river on a hillside fully 600 yards 
distant. This was a chance I had been* 
looking for; and I confess that my respira- 
tion, temperature and pulse were such that 
I should have been rejected for insurance if 
examined at that time. 

My rifle is fitted with an ivory front 
sight and open rear sight. 

The first deer was dropped with a full 
jacketed bullet through the shoulder; and 
the other, with a soft nose through the 
head. The latter showed its expanding or 
explosive effect when we found the skull 
nearly cleared of brains and 4 holes blown 
through its roof. 

Our deer are small, weighing 100 to 150 
pounds, and on account of their color are 
difficult to see at this time of year. They 
are plentiful and are never shot at except 
by "Gringos." 

There are also a few wild hogs, which 
are hard to find, difficult to shoot, and dan- 
gerous to tackle when brought to bay. 
They are good eating. The woods and 
fields are full of Mexican emails, with russet 
topknots on their heads. Thev are exceed- 
ingly tame and will often run along a 
trail in front of my horse 50 yards before 

Enrique, Alamos, Sonora, Mexico. 

We are enforcing the game and fish laws 
out here to the best of our ability with the 
limited means we have. If our last Legis- 
lature had given us a gun license law we 
should have had money enough to pay 2 
wardens in each county, and then we could 
have enforced the laws. As it is, our war- 
dens have to be satisfied with the fees in 
each case, and the fine if a conviction is 
secured. The whole system is wrong in 
principle. Wardens should have a fixed 
salary in addition to fees and fines collect- 
ed. We hope to secure the passage of a 
gun or hunting license law at the next 
meeting of our Legislature, and then we 
will not have to seek men to take warden- 
ships, but good men will seek the position. 
Our sportsmen wish such a law. The only 
opposition comes from the farmers, and we 
think they stand in their own light. They 
are willing, in fact anxious, for the State 
to do police duty for them, enforce the 
trespass law, arrest every person hunting 
without a written permit, etc. ; but when it 
comes to paying a gun tax of $1 or a li- 
cense fee of $1 when they wish to hunt on 
land other than their own, they have not so 
far been willing to put up the dollar to aid 
in securing the enforcement of the laws 
they so much desire. The game commis- 
sion and the chief warden are doing every- 
thing in their power to secure the sympathy 
and co-operation of our farmer friends in 
this good cause, and we trust our efforts 
may not be in vain ; so that when our law 
makers next meet we can go before them 
united in our aims and purposes to secure 
the best fish and game laws possible, with 
ways and means of enforcing them. Rec- 
reation has a large circulation in our 
State, and has done much good in the 
cause of fish and game protection. We 
are thankful for your aid in the past, and 
ask a continuance of it. 

D. W. Greene, Dayton, Ohio. 

Along our Virginia coast there are 8 or 
10 Northern shooting clubs which have 
bought all the beaches, meadows and 
shooting points. Each of these clubs has 
15 to 30 members who shoot and hunt, so 
250 or more shooters come down here everv 
May and shoot Our shore creek birds. Thev 
have been at this for the last 10 or 12 
years, and have so depleted the birds that 
our game association will, at the next ses- 
sion of our Legislature, stop spring shoot- 
ing on these birds. We ask the aid of the 
L. A. S. to stop this spring shooting in 
Maryland, Delaware and New Jersey. If 
this is not done, our curlew, willet, gray- 
back, robin, snipe, plover, etc., will soon 
be things of the past. I trust L. A. S. 
divisions in these States will take up the 
matter and push it as fast as possible. Our 



game association will take care of the Vir- 
ginia counties, but much of the spring 
slaughter is done in Delaware and New 
Jersey meadows bordering on the seacoast. 
Henry E. Byrd, Temperanceville, Va. 

Why don't you and all other good sports- 
men in Virginia join this League? It is 
strange that you should call on us for aid 
in amending your game laws when only a 
handful of sportsmen in Virginia belong to 
the League. I have spent hundreds of 
dollars of my own money in trying to in- 
duce Virginia sportsmen to join the League. 
I could have written thousands of letters 
to Virginians and have sent probably a ton 
of printed matter into that State in the 
interest of this League's work. Now you 
come to me and want me to do more of 
this, yet have failed to put in your dollar 
toward it. Consistency is a jewel. Let me 
see a sample of your money. — Editor. 


It is sickening to read the daily ac- 
counts we see of the ruthless waste of ani- 
mal life by so-called sportsmen. Much as 
I love field sports I have been so utterly 
disgusted with the wanton slaughter 
wrought under the name of sport, that I 
have been tempted to sell my guns and wash 
my hands of the whole business. Yet as that 
would not aid in protecting the game I de- 
termined to do what I could to save our 
wild creatures and joined the League of 
American Sportsmen. I hope every sports- 
man in this country will do likewise. 

The L. A. S. is working to secure effec- 
tive laws throughout the United States 
and appoint capable wardens who will see 
that they are enforced. We must all do 
our part in the protection of game if we 
expect to have any to hunt in the years to 
come. The game butchers must not be per- 
mitted to continue their high handed de- 
struction of God's creatures, slaying every- 
thing they can put to death just for the 
sake of killing something. We are now 
face to face with the fact that some species 
of animals and birds that were created for 
all to enjoy are being completely wiped out 
of existence by thoughtless people. 

Through the efforts of the League I hope 
we may see in a few years, instead of a 
list of several extinct species of game, a 
history only of the extinct game hog. The 
best way to hasten that day is to re- 
spond immediately, to the call of the L. A. 
S, and enroll your name at once with the- 
army that is to protect our wild creatures. 
Orrin D. Bartlett, Arlington, N. Y. 

Ed C. Dieter and H. E. Maxson, who opened 
the dove season near Fernando in the hills, had 
a good shoot, both getting the limit. Dave Llew- 
ehyn, Frank B. Harbert and 2 others were also 
shooting. They killed 200 birds, all the law 
allows for 4. There was a terrific cannonading 
going on. 

The early train on the Santa Fe going out 
toward El Monte will be used by a party who 
expect to get the limit. Kent Kane and his party 
are shooting at Etiwanda with every prospect of 
getting the limit. Count Jaro von Schmidt and 
several friends have been killing big bags of 
doves. Good reports of sport at Gardena are 
coming in, and those who opened the season 
in that vicinity made limit killings in short time. 

I not only agree with you that the bag 
limit on doves should be reduced, but I 
go farther and claim, as I have frequently 
said editorially, that the dove is not a 
legitimate game bird and should not be 
killed at any time. It is a beautiful and 
harmless creature, too pretty and too inno- 
cent to be regarded as game. Thousands 
of the best sportsmen in the country agree 
with me in this and there are few States 
in the Union where sportsmen continue to 
kill these birds. I hope to live to see the 
time when the Legislatures of these few 
States will pass laws prohibiting the killing 
of doves at any time.— Editor. 

I do not believe there is another spot in 
the Rocky mountains where game is more 
abundant than here. December 3, '99, W. 
C. Stickly, Corporal Watson and I fel- 
low-members of E troop, First U. S. Cav- 
alry, left Fort Washakie for a morning's 
shooting on the adjacent prairie. In half an 
hour we killed 9 mallard ducks and a jack 
rabbit weighing 18 pounds. At Bull lake, 
30 miles North from the post, big game is 
plentiful. While with a party in that 
region I saw several mule deer, also ante- 
lope, mountain sheep, and bear. Far- 
ther up we succeeded in killing an 
elk. At Bull lake we caught any num- 
ber of mountain trout, and fresh water 
ling. Six miles West of the post runs 
Little Wind river. There . I once caught, 
in less than 2 hours, 35 mountain trout 
running from i { / 2 pounds up. Of course 
one has to abide by the game law of the 
State, arrtl that law is somewhat strict. 
Each party must have its guide, and no 
party is allowed to kill more than 2 elk 
during a season. 

Clark J. Rainey, Fort Washakie, Wyo. 

I enclose clipping from the Los Angeles 
Herald. Do you not think the bag limit 
should be reduced from 50 a day to 15? 
C. I. Harlow, Danby, Cal. 

I am much interested in Recreation as 
its sentiments about game hogs coincide 
with mine. Game about here is scarce and 
has been for 3 or 4 years. The true sports- 
men of Ihe section appreciate a man who 
has pluck enough to voice their sentiments 
publicly, as you do. There is one thing 
which I should like to bring to your at- 
tention. A hunter will go through the 



woods and never shoot a red squirrel, but 
will be eager for a grey. I have done the 
same thing; but one day I sat waiting for 
greys when I heard a terrible squealing 
and standing up I saw 3 reds fighting one 
grey. I shot at them and got all 4. They 
were all males. You probably understand 
this mode of attack so it is useless to go 
into details. After that I saw a number 
of encounters of the same kind, always 3 
or 4 reds to one grey. That was 5 years 
ago and since then I have never passed a 
red squirrel without getting him if I could. 
E. Sturdevant, Jr., Danbury, Conn. 

Quails are scarce, and it is no wonder. 
Our Legislature having repealed the rab- 
bit law, quails suffered in consequence. 
Many coveys were found just before the 
open season that were nearly shot out and 
the birds left would, when flushed, scatter 
in every direction. So long as rabbits may 
be hunted at any time, so long will quails 
be illegally killed. Louie Wagner, of Sid- 
ney, Ohio, has men hunting for him by 
the day. I am told by good authority 
that his men killed 95 quails in one day. 
No wonder our game birds are getting 
scarce. There is no game warden within 
50 miles of this place. People here are 
afraid to bring trespassers to justice. I 
hope the time will speedily come when all 
game law violators will be so closely pur- 
sued that they will quit their lawlessness or 
quit hunting. 

Dan M. Wogaman, Quincy, O. 

I should like to offer a suggestion for the 
further protection of song birds. Every 
non-resident should be taxed say $10 for 
the privilege of carrying a gun or rifle in 
the open air during the months of June, 
July and August. During those months 
thousands of song birds are annually killed 
by men and boys from the cities. I heard 
men, last summer, brag of killing 200 king- 
birds, swallows and robins. I told them I 
would have them arrested if I caught them 
at it. The 22-caliber rifle is mostly to 
blame. I think the Stevens people ought to 
devise some other ad than the one showing 
2 boys in the woods, armed with Favorite 
rifles, looking through the branches for 
song birds. At least the picture conveys 
that idea. 

J. H. Geideman, Centerville, N. Y. 

This is a great game country. Ducks 
are so thick and so tame that it is no sport 
to shoot them. Deer, antelope, and bear 
abound in the mountains around us. 

There is but one store here, consequently 
they charge what they wish. For instance, 
condensed milk is 65 cents a can; tea, $1.70 
a pound; sugar, 15 cents a pound; bread, 
25 cents a loaf. It would be advisable for 

sportsmen coming here to bring with them 
all they could from the States and not wait 
to outfit here. We paid $3 for a box of 25 
shells, and could only get 3 ounces of pow- 
der at that. Cartridges for 30-30 cost $2.50 
for 20. A tin coffee pot, 2 quarts, costs 
$1.15. Bull Durham tobacco costs 40 cents 
for a 10 cent package. 

J. H. Uhle, 
Casas Grandes, Chihuahua, Mexico. 


Emerson Hulsapple, of Troy, was arraigned 
before Justice Turner at West Sandlake yester- 
day afternoon by Stephen Horton, of the Rens- 
selaer County Rod and Gun club, on the charge 
°u sh . 00tin g and possessing a gray squirrel during 
the close season. He pleaded guilty to the charge 
and paid a fine and costs amounting to $18.90. 
The season for black and gray squirrel hunting 
does not open until October 1. — Troy (N. Y.) 

A big price to pay for one little squirrel, 
isn't it Em? You could have bought a 
whole hog for that money, that would have 
fed you and your family a whole month. 
Obey the law, Em, and you will come out 
away ahead of any law breaker at the end 
of the race. — Editor. 

I have been buying Recreation about 4 
years, and would not be without it for 
twice what it costs. I have all the copies 
I have ever bought. 

There are many squirrels, quails and 
rabbits here, also a few deer, and a good 
many black bears in the Black mouuntains, 
about 25 miles from here. Deer are well 
protected here. I was in camp in October, 
1901, at the foot of Mitchell's peak. There 
were 4 of us, and we killed one 4 prong 
buck. The largest number of quails killed 
here by one man last year was about 150. 
The average number would be under 75. 
J. F. Harris, Marion, N. C. 

Though I heartily approve Recreation's 
work for game protection, I dissent from 
its demand for gun and non-resident 
licenses. That seems an unfair ddscrimina- 
tain against the poor man. A better way 
would be to shorten the season, and stop 
the sale of game until it becomes more 

E. G. Pettit, Fairmount, W, Va. 

I have sold my gun and my dogs are 
dead ; but the old spirit of fair play in 
hunting is still in me and I congratulate 
you on your splendid work against game 

Geo. E. Eyrich, Jackson, Mich. 

Two deer, an old doe and a yearling, 
came into a field just back of my house 
and remained some time. It was a treat 
to watch the graceful creatures. 

W. H. Young, Whitefield, N. H. 




Many of the busiest workers in our large 
cities are ardent devotees of the fly rod, 
preferring fly fishing to any other recrea- 
tion. No other sport can be compared with 
it in affording rest for the mind harassed 
by cares and anxieties, and just sufficient 
exercise for the body and limbs. Unfor- 
tunately the strenuous endeavor required to 
insure success, or even a modest livelihood 
at the present time, prohibits indulgence in 
this favorite sport during the spring months, 
when trout fishing is at its best. A day or 
2 may be stolen now and then, but not often 
with a mind at ease. One fears that some 
serious loss may be incurred or mistake 
made by those left in charge of the business 
or affairs. 

The vacation time for most men comes in 
July, August or September, when the 
weather is hot and fly fishing for trout un- 
certain and unsatisfactory, except after a 
cool change with rain and a rise in the 
water. Even then success is by no means 
assured; and for real recreation the tired 
man must have some sport, have something 
to show as the result of a long summer day 
out of doors. He may be a keen observer 
and enjoy all the natural beauties which 
meet his eyes, but unless he has caught fish 
and has some story of sport to tell he re- 
turns to his temporary home tired and with 
a sense of failure. 

Thinking of these things, and having the 
greatest sympathy for those who love fly 
fishing, but whose opportunities are limited. 
I venture a few suggestions which may en- 
able them to enjoy some sport when the 
conditions of the weather and the mood of 
the fish make fly fishing for trout a toil in- 
stead of a pleasure. Trout are not the onlv 
fish that will rise to an artificial fly. In 
some waters black bass take it freely, but I 
refer more particularly to the common 
pike, or pickerel, which inhabits nearly all 
the ponds and lakes in the Eastern States. 
Do not look down on this long nosed gen- 
tleman. He is a free riser to the fly. if it is 
properly made and presented. Fished for 
with the ordinary fly rod he is a much bet- 
ter game fish than he is reputed to be. 
Usually this fish is lugged out of his native 
element with a clothes prop and a meat 
hook without a chance to show any fight 
whatever. With light tackle the pickerel 
is not to be despised as an antagonist; and 
days spent in its pursuits, among agreeable 
surroundings, perhaps with a pleasant com- 
panion, are often delightful. There is the 

drive or walk in the early morning, when 
the air is fresh and cool, and even if the 
day is warm the heat is not felt on the wa- 
ter, as there is usually a breeze. Enough 
rises may be expected to keep the mind 
from straying from the object in hand, and 
on a body of open water there is a clear 
and unobstructed view of the surrounding 

If there are pickerel in a lake there are 
usually plenty of them. If the larger fish 
are not moving you jan at least have some 
fun with the small ones, though that is not 
much sport. The possibilities, however, are 
great, as the common pickerel grows to a 
considerable size, sometimes weighing 7 or 8 
pounds, and occasionally these big fish will 
rise. I have had this experience more than 
once, only to lose the fish by having the gut 
leader cut by his sharp teeth. The sensa- 
tion of having one of these sharklike fish 
rise in plain sight and seize your fly is 
something to be remembered. 

If there are black bass in the lake you 
may strike a large one in deep water with 
the flies used for pickerel ; but pickerel are 
likely to be more numerous where no bass 
are found, though this is not always the 
case. Of course a bass must be rather 
hungry or in a fierce mood to strike at a 
pickerel fly. Fish do not always take a fly 
because they are hungry. Many of our 
most distinguished salmon anglers believe 
that the salmon takes no food in fresh water 
and that it rises to a fly only because it is 
angry or tantalized. Black and red in com- 
bination are supposed to annoy salmon, par- 
ticularly on a hot, bright day. Life is given 
to the fly by a series of short pulls or move- 
ments of the rod, and all game fishes are apt 
to strike at anv small object having this ap- 
pearance. This is particularly true of the 
pickerel, and I have designed several flies 
for their special temptation. The following 
formula may be of service : 

Tag, flat silver tinsel; tail, 2 small 
feathers from the scarlet ibis, back to back, 
and quite straight on the hook; butt, scar- 
let chenille; body, white silk chenille, white 
ostrich or any soft, white fur, with 2 or 3 
turns of red mohair or pig's wool at shoul- 
der ; rib, flat or oval silver tinsel; wings, 
double strips of white swan or goose, with 
sprigs of scarlet ibis ; legs, a white furnace 
hackle, white with black center, or a good 
badger hackle, the larger the hackle the bet- 
ter. Over the wing I like a bright teal or 
widgeon feather. It shows more there than 
if it is put on with the other hackle. 

There can hardly be too much hackle on 




this fly. The head may be well tied down 
and plainly varnished, or it may be made of 
scarlet, white or yellow chenille. I some- 
times add jungle fowl to the wings, but it is 
not worth the trouble if you expect pickerel 

This makes a conspicuous fly. If the 
wings are tied on the sides of the hook, not 
too low -down, they have more play and 
give life to the fly. Playing it by short 
jerks, or pulls, of the rod top is most kill- 
ing, and by pulling in line with the left 
hand the fly can be made to work effectively 
as close as desired.. This method enables 
the angler to cover much more water with 
less effort. Some people may look down 
on this sport, but I think that any angler 
trying it for the first time on a good pickerel 
pond will find real pleasure in it. The fly 
can be seen and every fish as he rushes 
out of the weeds or rises from the depths. 
Larger fish may be taken by sinking the 
fly with a large shot. I never fancied this. 
If the fish do not take the fly firmly and 
are not well hooked cut a small piece from 
the belly of a little pickerel and stick it on 
the hook under the tail. This will give a 
taste of fish to the fly, and if a pickerel 
misses it he will be likely to come again. 

Our long nosed friend is a good table 
fish and is sold in New York, under the 
name of brook pickerel, at 2 cents a pound 
more than pike or the great Northern 
pickerel. The species must be prolific un- 
der favorable conditions, as I know of 
lakes that are fished nearly all the vear 
through and from which tons and tons of 
pickerel are taken annually. It is a favorite 
with country anglers, and on the Dela- 
ware I have heard complaints among the 
older people that the introduction of the 
black bass has reduced their supply of fish 
by killing out the pickerel in many of the 
lakes and streams. They say that former- 
ly a man could go to the river or to one of 
the many small lakes near and catch a 
good string of pickerel and perch for his 
family. Now there are plenty of bass, 
but they are so capricious that there is no 
certainty in a day's fishing. Sometimes bass 
take helgramites ; or, again, crayfish ; or 
frogs, crickets, minnows, grasshoppers or 
nothing at all, just as they hapnen to feel 
inclined. Lamperns are also a favorite bait 
on the Delaware. Bass begin to feed late in 
the Delaware, and emit early in the season. 
This is quite an indictment against our no- 
ble friend, the small month black bass. The 
only truth in it is, probably, that the bass is 
a fighter and not afraid of any other fish. 
He drives the pickerel off his feeding 
ground and no doubt swallows the smaller 
ones when sharp set. He multiplies rap- 
idly and takes most of the food sunply, 
leaving only the scraps for pikey. Judging 

by the rapid growth of the fish, food must 
be abundant in those ponds in which the 
bass is not native, and that is why they are 
such uncertain risers at the fly there. When 
they do take, great sport may be expected. 
There is no sturdier fighter, and I think it 
was Col. Fred Mather who said that, pound 
for pound, he is the equal or superior of 
any nsh that swims. 

Nevertheless, do not despise the pickerel 
if your vacation time is in July, August or 
September, and no better fish is to be had. 
The fish is much better than its reputation. 
If you lose all your flies, skitter with the 
ventral fins attached to a narrow piece of 
flesh which is white and attractive. You 
may troll if you like or spin a minnow cr 
fish with live bait. Pickerel bite fast some- 
times on a cool September or October 
morning, and really large fish are often 
taken. Two years ago a friend and I 
caught 60 good pickerel in an afternoon, 
using flies until all we had were bit off, 
and then skittering. We would have had 
more fish if I had not gone off for an hour 
in pursuit of a suppositious summer duck. 


At 4 a.m. on October 6th, 1899, I was 
awakened from a sound sleep by a tremen- 
dous poke in the ribs and the voice of my 
wife saying: "Come, do you know it is 
time we were stirring if we mean to fish 

After rustling a breakfast we set out 
on a 9 mile drive to Nottowa lake, arriving 
soon after 6.* We took only rods and lines, 
knowing we could procure boat and bait at 
the lake. 

When I shoved off my wife sat in the 
bow, and cast her fly in ever increasing 
lengths, but to no purpose, until we both 
grew impatient and the best half of the 
day was gone. "Try a frog," I said. She 
reeled in, took off the bucktail, put on a 
hook, adjusted the frog, and cast again. 
There was a rise, but the bass missed the 
bait, as the canoe was moving too fast. I 
knew a bass would not rise twice to bait 
immediately, so we made a circle and came 
up again farther out. A few careful casts 
and another rise ; this time our fish was. 
hooked and by the way the reel sang I 
knew it was a large one. He made a wild' 
swerve and started for deep water, I fol- 
lowed with the canoe and soon we were 
far out. Then he dived. 

"Thumb him," I cried. 

"I am doing so. My thumb is nearly 

"There, hasn't he slacked some?" 

"Yes," answered my wife, beginning to 
take in the slack. Five, 10, 15 yards were 
recovered, then the fish made a mad rush, 



bending the rod nearly double.. Out of 
the water he came, fully 2 feet, then back 
with a splash. More line recovered. One 
more rush, a weak struggle, and he lay in 
the bottom of the canoe; a z x A pounder 
and a gamy one, too. 

Then it was my turn at the rod and my 
wife took the paddle. I replaced the buck- 
tail and fished in shore near the rushes. 
Several times I started a fish, but without 
getting a strike. Then I tried a frog and 
presently hooked a small fish, which I 
reeled in without ceremony. 

I handed my wife the rod, and once 
more she began whipping. Soon there was 
a rush, a sharp strike, and the reel 
sang shrilly. Straight into deep water 
went the fish. Yard after yard of line 
went singing after him. I paddled 
hard, but the fish had the start and 
still the line ran out. There must 
have been at least 50 yards out before he 
halted. Then a little was reeled in before 
another rush for the upper lake. I knew 
if he tried to go through the narrows it 
was all off, for there were pond lilies and 
rushes there. My wife knew it, also, and 
did a risky thing; she gave him the butt. 
I expected to see the rod snap, but it stood 
tn 5 strain. The fish was snobbed and came 
to the surface. Then suddenly the line 
slackened and a few yards were reeled in. 
A second rush followed, but my wife 
handled him skillfully and soon halted him. 
Then it was a game of give and take, but 
we finally got him within gaffing distance. 
He proved a 6-pound pickerel. 

Ir was then nearly 9 o'clock and we did 
not try fly, or bait casting, but fished for 
small fish. An hour gave us all tne perch 
and blue gills we wanted. 

Returning to the buggy we ate lunch. 
Then after resting a while we again took 
the canoe and went for more fish. 

Getting out a spoon hook we trolled 
slowly around the upper lake, but it was 
too early. At about 4 o'clock we tried again 
with better success. Our total catch was 
4 bass, weighing 10^ pounds, 3 pickerel 
scaling about 10, and about 25 perch and 
blue gills. . 

We could have caught a barrel of small 
fish, but we know when we have enough. 

I should be pleased to go to the same 
lake with any reader of Recreation who 
visits this vicinity. 

Stanley CrandaM, Union City, Mich. 

Four Negaunee boys, Leslie and Keith Mait- 
land, John Broad and Albert Rough, took 275 
trout from Green's creek. Most of the fish were 
of good size, so the catch was easily the finest 
made this season by local anglers. The boys 
fished only a few hours. The trout bit well and 
it was no trouble to catch ' them. — -Marquette 
(Mich.) Mining Journal, 

I wrote these young men for confirma- 
tion of this report and received the follow- 
ing reply: 

The number of trout reported caught by 
myself and 3 friends, 275, is correct. 
These trout were caught at Green's creek, 
in the Southern part of Marquette county, 
Michigan. I have had a lot of experience 
in hunting and fishing, and any time I 
could give any information I should be 
glad to do so. 

John Broad, Negaunee, Mich. 

If you could give any information of 
any decent work you have done in the way 
of shooting and fishing, readers of Recrea- 
tion would be glad to have it, but they 
would not appreciate any further accounts 
of slaughter such as you admit having been 
guilty of. You have by this admission 
shown your bristles distinctly and decent 
sportsmen will shun you accordingly. — Ed- 


About 18 miles South of Chicago lies 
Wolf lake. It is not a beautiful body of 
water, there being little timber. The 
shores are lined with bullrushes and 
large bunches of rushes are scattered all 
over the lake, making it appear like a 
large swamp; but many a pleasant day 
have I spent there. It is convenient for 
a day's fishing, and conditions being fa- 
vorable one can get 8 or 10 bass and 
pickerel by working hard for them. If I 
could catch that number each time I went 
after them, I should be well satisfied. I 
have been told that Wolf lake has recently 
been restocked with large and small mouth 
bass. William Timms, wh6 has been ap- 
pointed deputy game warden of Whiting, 
Indiana, will do all he can to protect the 
new stock of bass. In fact, he has al- 
ready been around to see the men who 
have gill nets and has told them they 
would better use their nets for fuel now, 
because they could have no other use for 
them. W r hen I know of a good man in the 
right place, it does me good to mention 

William Yardley, Chicago. 


Some time ago a subscriber in Vermont 
sent me a clipping from the Burlington 
Free Press, stating that Lewis Wood, Wm. 
Rivers and Jerry Donahue, of Montpelier, 
had recently returned from a fishing trip 
on which they caught 486 pounds of pike. 
I wrote all 3 of these alleged men and 
asked them if the statement was correct. 
Wood and Donahue failed . to answer. 
Rivers sent an evasive reply, in which he 



attempted to be funny. I responded to his 
letter by reminding him that he had not 
answered my question and requested that 
he tell me frankly whether or not the news- 
paper report was correct. I have had no 
response to that second letter; so we may 
safely assume that the printed statement 
was substantially correct. It therefore be- 
comes the duty of all decent sportsmen to 
avoid these butchers in future as they 
would any other swine. — Editor. 

Have any readers of Recreation ever 
caught herring on. a common hook and 
line? My friend, G. Coughlin, and I, while 
fishing at New Hamburgh reef, in the Hud- 
son river, caught 15 with a drop line batted 
with common earthworms. We also caught 
14 large white perch and fish were still bit- 
ing well when we left. I have never heard 
of anyone fishing at that reef and going 
home empty handed. One can always catch 
all the large white perch he may wish in 
one or 2 hours ; that is, if he does not 
wear bristles. I have caught white perch 
that weighed over 2 pounds at Kent's cliff. 
I have preserved the skin of one which 
measured 15 inches and weighed 2 pounds 
one ounce. I have caught several weighing 
1^ to 2 pounds. Have other readers of 
Recreation caught perch that will beat 
this? If so I should like to hear from 
them through Recreation. 

G. W. Wood, Matteawan, N. Y. 

September 2 I fished in Moore's lake, 
Gloucester county, New Jersey, about a 
mile from Clayton. The wind was from the 
Northwest, blowing light, and the sky was 
heavily clouded. After fishing a few min- 
utes with a spoon I caught my first pike, 
weighing i]/ 2 pounds. Then, finding a dead 
chub, and cutting him in pieces, I discarded 
my spoon and baited with chub, gut and 
underfins. I then caught 8 fish in the next 
5 minutes., I followed the channel of the 
pond, letting the bait sink almost to the 
bottom and moving it slowly by sculling 
the boat. t After 2 hours I had caught 45 
pike, weighing about one pound apiece. 
The fish bit ferociously, and the day's 
sport was one of the finest I ever had with 
rod and reel. 

Louis G. Fisher, Clayton, N. J. 

Thus you put yourself on record as an- 
other specimen of the Jersey breed of bris- 
tlebacks. — Editor. 

Lake Webber lies 6,500 feet above sea 
level in the heart of the Sierra Nevada 
mountains, 25 miles Northwest of Trucker. 
It contains Lpph Leven, cutthroat, Eastern 

brook, and common brown trout. They 
offer magnificent sport. I was on the lake 
and caught 27 trout that averaged i>4 
pounds. Nine miles Southwest of Web- 
ber lake is an artificial reservoir called 
Fordyce lake, plentifully stocked with cut- 
throat trout. They are exceedingly game, 
giving the angler all the sport he wants. 
A few large mouth bass have been planted 
in the streams near this city and have in- 
creased wonderfully. They were given a 
close season of 3 years which has nearly 
expired. Webber lake is easy of access 
from San Francisco, Sacramento, Stockton 
and all the surrounding country. 

Wm. G. Douglass, Stockton, Cal,. 

I am fighting against the men who are 
netting in Pelham bay. October 1st the 
fykes were set and I at once notified the 
owners to remove them which they re- 
fused to do. I therefore asked the aid 
of game protectors Overton and Dorlow, 
who arrested the chief malefactor, Rufus 
Morris. October 23 Morris was put under 
bail for trial in special sessions. Still the 
fykes were worked, day after day. I 
again appealed to Mr Overton, who came 
up again November 7th with Mr. Dorlow 
and lifted the fykes, removed 77 striped 
bass and destroyed the nets. In conse- 
quence there will be an action in the Su- 
preme Court for about $1,800, fines. This 
is the only way to cure these fellows, who 
claim the earth and all there is on it. 
C. A. Kramer, No. 73, L. A. S., 

Baychester, N. Y. 

The McGrath brothers are on record for a 
catch of 300 brook trout in half a day last 
season. — Minnesota paper. 

I wrote Mr. McGrath, asking for confir- 
mation of the report and received the fol- 
lowing reply : 

The report is fairly correct. We made 
a remarkable catch of brook trout 
last summer; the largest known in this 
region. Any further light that I can throw 
on this subject I will be ready to furnish. 
W. H. McGrath, Minneapolis, Minn. 

I do not care for further light, but I take 
this opportunity to hold you up to the pub- 
lic gaze as a typical specimen of the razor- 
back who likes to break the record and 
then blow about it. — Editor. 

"Few men are as good as they pretend 
to be." 

"Well, what of it? Few men want to 
be." — Judge. 

"Always try to hit the nail on the head, 
my boy — don't hit the nail on your finger, 
for it hurts awful," 


Anybody can shoot all day, but a gentleman will quit when he gets enough. 


In your November issue appears an. 
article on the use of the revolver by Dr. 
Conyngham. He says therein, "Do not 
use factory ammunition. Buy the best 
shells and powder you can and load them 
yourself, starting with a 5 grain charge." 

To this portion of the doctor's otherwise 
valuable paper, I take serious exception. 
Such advice in similar articles is becoming 
much too frequent. If every man who 
reads the article were an expert on pow- 
ders, black and smokeless ; understood 
their effects under all the physical condi- 
tions that surround their use ; were able 
to say, within the truth, that he knew to 
a nicety the exact load the exceeding of 
which would wreck his weapon ; then I 
should endorse such advice. Unfortunate- 
ly, the vast majority of shooters do not 
know the difference between a high and 
a low pressure smokeless powder. They 
have little or no knowledge of their adapt- 
ability under varying service conditions, 
and because of the fact that the old black 
powders were safe under almost any 
reasonable conditions, assume unwisely 
that the various nitro compounds are 
equally safe. Nothing could be farther from 
the truth. The majority of expert ama- 
teurs, shooters with wide experience, ma- 
ture judgment, and caution born of 
knowledge of the disastrous results likely 
to come from the improper use of high 
explosives, are loath to experiment, even 
in the most careful way, with the modern 
high pressure smokeless powders. Arms 
and ammunition manufacturers owe much 
to the loading experiments of the expert 
amateur. A large part of modern ballis- 
tic progress is attributable to their pains- 
taking work; but to assume that anyone 
equipped with a reloading set, some pow- 
der, primers and lead is capable safely of 
making accurate, fixed ammunition, is dan- 
gerous and unwise. 

If the fatal and maiming accidents that 
have resulted during the past 5 years from 
inexperienced use of smokeless powders 
could be tabulated, it would strongly em- 
phasize my contention. There are certain 
nitro powders on the market which, un- 
der improper loading conditions, errors 
easily committed by the tyro, might de- 
tonate, and wreck any barrel or action. 
Sometimes the addition of 2 to 4 grains 
to the safe and proper load will produce, 
with these powders, breech pressures far 

beyond the limit of safety which the weap- 
on possesses. These dangers are equally 
common to rifle, shot gun and revolver. 

Under the present status of nitro ex- 
plosives, only the most expert should at- 
tempt to load with high pressure smokeless 
powders. The danger of confounding the 
various grades of rifle powders, even of 
the same manufacture, and of shot gun 
smokeless with rifle smokeless make such 
loading extremely hazardous. Unless one 
has had careful training in the produc- 
tion of home-made ammunition, he would 
far better purchase factory ammunition. 
In using the product of any of the lead- 
ing American companies he is assured of 
more uniformity in every factor going to 
make up his load than he can hope to ob- 
tain by hand work. In the factory prod- 
uct, primers are correct for the powder 
employed, and are all seated to the same 
depth in the pocket ; bullets are swaged 
in powerful, accurate machines to exact 
size; and no method, other than the use 
of the apothecaries' scales gives more ac- 
curate measure of the powder charge than 
do the factory charging machines. The 
variation in factory loads can be meas- 
ured, if present at all, in fractions of 

There is, of course, in some branches of 
target shooting, more particularly in mid- 
range work, employing heavy, black pow- 
der, single shot rifles, ample scope for 
hand loading, and with a reasonable de- 
gree of safety. There is scarcely a vil- 
lage or town in the country which does not 
possess one or more experts in that sort 
of work. Practically all the target work 
done at present in the United States, except 
military long range shooting, is done with 
black powder or some modification of it, 
and a large part of the ammunition thus 
used is loaded by the shooters themselves. 
The character of black powder is so well 
known that small danger exists and I can 
see no reason why the careful experimen- 
tal shooter, or the economical shooter (for 
hand loads are cheap) should be debarred 
from making his own ammunition for use 
in work as just indicated. 

However, few except the superlatively 
expert, can hold as close as good factory 
ammunition can shoot. Therefore, unless 
you are expert, or can have the tutelage 
of one who surely is, do not accept the 
dictum that hand loading is as easy as 
a, b, c, and as safe as ping pong, 




If, in spite of this and similar warnings, 
you still think you are able to do hand- 
loading, with safety to your weapon and 
yourself, take at least one parting bit of 
advice: follow the loading instructions of 
the powder makers absolutely. They have 
done the experimenting, and your safety 
as well as their reputation depends on the 
fidelity with which their directions are 

E. B. Guile, M. D., Utica, N. Y. 

Dr. E. F. Conyngham, in his excellent 
article in November Recreation entitled 
"The Pistol from a Western Standpoint," 
gives one bit of advice to your readers that 
should not be allowed to pass unchallenged. 
He says : 

Nearly all shooters nowadays use smoke- 
less powders. The .32 S. & W., for in- 
stance, is loaded at the factory with less 
than 2 grains of powder, and the .38 S. & 
W. with about 2 l / 2 grains. Should an ex- 
perimenter, acting on the Doctor's advice, 
load one of these shells with 5 grains of 
powder and fire it, he would be likely to go 
up the golden stairs or down the others in 
a hurry. If the Doctor had said 5 grains 
of black powder his advice would have 
been all right ; but as he did not specify al- 
most anyone would take it for granted he 
meant smokeless. 

It is perhaps well enough for an expert 
rifle or revolver or shot gun shooter, who 
devotes a great deal of time to the study of 
the science and who is extremely careful 
and methodical in his work, to reload 
shells; but it is not safe for any one else 
to undertake it. The novice, or the man 
who only shoots occasionally, should stick 
to factory ammunition. The large car- 
tridge factories of this country expend 
many thousands of dollars each year in 
making careful experiments in the loading 
of shells for rifles, revolvers and shot guns, 
and in perfecting machinery for this pur- 
pose. Their machines are so skillfully 
made and so minutely adjusted as to load 
a million cartridges of any given pattern 
without making a variation of one grain in 
the powder charge of the entire lot. Fur- 
thermore, these machines seat, the bullets 
in rifle and revolver cartridges with the ut- 
most possible accuracy, while it is ex- 
tremely difficult for any man loading shells 
by hand to avoid getting a bullet out of 
line now and then. All such cartridges 
must prove accurate. 

Furthermore, there is but little to be 
saved by reloading cartridges. The con- 
sumer must buy his powder, lead and 
wads in comparatively small lots and pay 
accordingly. The cartridge factories buy 
their materials by the ton, and it is safe to 
say they buy them at one-half the price 
which an individual shooter would have to 

pay. Factory cartridges are sold at such 
low prices, even in small lots, that it does 
not pay to reload them, even though you 
have your empty shells free to start with. 
It is far better therefore for the average 
shooter to buy factory loaded cartridges, 
and to throw away his empty shells as fast 
as fired. In the language of the ancient 
philosopher, don't monkey with the buzz- 

L. E. H., Syracuse, N. Y. 


The past 6 years I have been experi- 
menting, as leisure would permit, with 30 
caliber rifles. Neither the Keptheart nor 
the Hudson bullet meets the requirements. 
Their inventors, however, have demon- 
strated 2 important points ; namely, the ad- 
vantage of a square fronted first band to 
scrape out fouling, and the necessity of 
having a bullet fit tightly to prevent upset- 
ting with smokeless powder. 

Some bullets I tried had lead points 
as long as ordinary jacketed points. When 
fed inLo the barrel from the magazine, 
coming up an incline as they do, the long 
point either bent or else the bullet was 
loosened in the shell. In consequence, they 
failed to group as well as bullets from the 
same shells when slipped into the barrel 
by hand. Some of these bullets when fac- 
tory loaded in new shells did fairly well, 
and the shell had a tight grip on the ball ; 
but when loaded by hand in old shells, I 
could never get them to group satisfac- 

Finally I devised a new bullet. Mr, Bar- 
low, of the Ideal Manufacturing Company, 
made a mold after my design, and I believe 
I am now using the first really all around 
ball. Its weight, when cast full length and 
greased, is 132 grains. It has 5 full bands, 
5 full groves and a narrow band in front, 
sharp and square on the foreward edge, to 
scrape out what little fouling there may 
be. As a perfect heel is of more import- 
ance than a perfect point, this bullet is cast 
heel down in the mold. If there is a de- 
fect on one side of the heel, gas will rush 
out of the gun muzzle first at that side and 
deflect the ball. There is a sharp, square 
corner all around the heel, so grease can 
not get under it while being applied. 

This bullet has a sharp point, projecting 
but little from the shell when crimped in, 
thus lessening the chance of injury while 
being carried in the pocket or fed from 
the magazine. I do not use shells creased 
or indented to prevent too deep seating of 
the ball. Instead, I use plain, smooth 
mouth shells, first firing one full load in 
each. This expands them so they fit the 
gun perfectly, and swells the muzzle so 
my .311 bullet will enter a ,303 shell. I 
seat the bullet so the crimp will come just 



behind the narrow band. This prevents the 
ball from pushing back on the powder, 
and enables me to use one length of shell 
for all loads. The bullet, if cast 10 to 1 
and greased with Ideal lubricant, will not 
lead a gun. 

Use a clean, low pressure smokeless, one 
giving little, if any, more velocity than 
black powder. The ball is so divided in 
bands and grooves that almost its entire 
length -is in contact with the barrel. The 
narrow band in front gets all the grease 
it can handle at the first shot after the 
gun has been cleaned and oiled. There- 
after the band never touches the barrel, and 
what little fouling there is rolls up in front 
of it, gets under the band and is removed 
by the bands following. 

My bullet makes the loaded cartridge 
about }i inch shorter than the standard 
load. It is, therefore, possible that some 
30 caliber magazine guns will not handle 
it. In my gun, a Savage, the shortage 
makes no difference. 

Rifle makers say a different adjustment 
of sights is needed for different loads. I 
am not going to dispute that as a general 
statement, but I have 2 loads that follow 
the same sighting. Some guns, at least, 
give a different drift to one load from 
what they do to another. I had supposed 
that varying loads of powder would make 
a gun shoot high or low, as the case might 
be, without causing lateral variation ; but 
I find that is not so. One gun I tried 
would, with a light load of high pressure 
powder and a soft point ball, shoot below 
and to the left ; when the load was in- 
creased ii. shot high and to the right. An- 
other gun would make close groups with 
soft points and 22J/2 grains Savage No. 1 ; 
increasing the load resulted in high and 
wild shooting. The gun I have at present 
will make good groups not only with that 
load, but with as much more powder as I 
can get into the shell. Each load will 
make good groups, but at different places 
on the target. I chose as a full load for 
m y 303 Savage, 26 l / 2 grains Savage No. 1, 
1901 brand, smokeless powder, a U. M.. C. 
No. 8^2 primer and a U. M. C. 195 grain 
soft pointed bullet. With the gun sighted 
to group in the center at 100 yards, it will 
group Y4 inch high at 50. 

For a light load I use my new bullet, full 
length and sized .311, a U. M. C. S l / 2 prim- 
er and 11 grains DuPont No. 2 smokeless 
rifle,. With the same sighting as for the 
full load, this load will group on the 
center at 50 yards and about 2 inches low 
at 100. The new bullet in the 3 band, 88 
grain size, with the same powder load, will 
group nicely at 50 yards, though a trifle 
high. I have tried many kinds of smokeless 
and for this load DuPont No. 2 suits me 

— to 1~1 o 
W W M =° 

best. It is fine grain and will measure in 
a charger with more uniformity than a 
coarser powder. 

This powder retails at $1 a can of one 
pound bulk, which contains 275 loads of 11 
grains each. A pound of lead makes 50 
full length bullets. By buying powder, 
lead and primers right, I get my light loads 
for about 50 cents a hundred. I use an 
Ideal dipper, pot and cover; an Ideal Per- 
fection mold, chambered to make my bul- 
let; and an Ideal lubricator and sizer, with 
.311 sizing die. I also use expanded shells 
and an ideal No. 3 special tool having one 
chamber to crimp the standard soft point 
bullet, and an adjustable double chamber 
to seat and crimp my new bullet. The 
latter is designated in the Ideal Hand Book 
as bullet No. 308,234. 

I believe my new bullet 
has more advantages than 
|j!l any other. It is simple, 
easy to mold, grease and 
load, accurate and service- 
able, and much cleaner 
than others. 
I used to think high power guns noc so 
accurate as black powder weapons, but find 
it was because I did not know how to load 
smokeless. Some guns need just so much 
of a charge and no more. Others will 
shoot a variety of loads and bunch any 
of them well, though the drift of each 
will be different and the gun can be 
sighted to suit only one load. After adopt- 
ing a full load, experiment until a light 
load is found that will follow the same 

For accurate rest shooting the telescope 
sight is the thing. I have a No. 3, 20 
power, Sidle, mounted on the side so as 
not to interfere with the Lymans. It has 
fine wind gauge and elevation adjustment. 
With it I can see ,303 bullet holes plainly 
at 150 yards. 

I am a poor off hand shot, and all my 
test shooting has been done at a rest. I 
built a frame of 6 x 6 inch stuff so the 
gun muzzle could rest on one end and 
my chest and arms on the other. Then I 
rigged a piece of board to rest the receiver 
of the rifle on, and filled 2 shot sacks with 
sand to steady each end of the gun. There 
was no guess work then ; I could hold 
the cross hairs of the telescope on a tack 
head at 100 yards. 

I always clean guns with a field wiper, 
a woolen flannel rag and any good ma- 
chine oil. I never wet a gun. I keep a 
filler in my guns at all times when not 
in use, a wooden rod wound with greased 
wool flannel. Cotton is not good for a 
rifle wiper; it is not springy enough to 
enter the groves as wool does. 

E. P. Armstrong, Dewdrop, Pa. 




I have never found the perfect rifle. But 
then, perfection is a hard thing to corral 
in this wicked world, and in the case of the 
rifle, I have come near enough to it for all 
practical purposes. 

Everything has flaws if you can get to 
know them. One thinks the Savage the 
perfect gun. I admit it is good, but we have 
tested it here in competition with other 
rifles shooting a similar cartridge, and we 
fail to see just where it excels. It is more 
liable to jam and to freeze up than the Win- 
chester 30-30, but in reloading the latter 
gun the lever must be carried so far for- 
ward to place a new cartridge in the maga- 
zine that there is danger of a balk. 

We have found the Savage and the Win- 
chester 30-30 good enough guns for deer 
-and caribou ; but they are too light for 
moose. Hitherto the U,. S. 30-40 cartridge 
with the soft nose bullet has been found 
the best American made article to use on 
this game; but the new Winchester 35 car- 
tridge should be much better than even 

One correspondent wishes to hear from 
those who have used the Mauser pistol, it 
is, I think, the most ingeniously devised arm 
on the market. Its accuracy, range and 
penetration are beyond question ; but to the 
inexperienced handler of firearms there is 
none quite so dangerous. It also has the 
fault, common to so many magazine 
weapons, that you never can tell without 
unloading, how many cartridges are in the 
magazine. The soft nose bullet, when fired 
from it, is not very expansive. Adam 
Moorse, the celebrated guide, who used one 
last spring to kill trapped bears, thinks this 
is because the jacket covers too much of 
the point of the bullet ; but I am inclined 
to ascribe a little of it to the comparatively 
low velocity of the gun. 

There are hundreds who can give you 
the name of the best shot gun in the world, 
and in 9 cases out of 10 each one will name 
the particular gun he himself uses. If a 
man is rich he can afford to experiment, 
and if he does not get what he is looking 
for the first time, he is in a position to try 
again. But when a poor man errs in his 
choice the remedy is not so plain.. For a 
man who feels that he needs 100 cents' 
worth of gun for each dollar he invests 
there is no better gun made anywhere than 
the Ithaca, and I do not know of any that 
I consider as good. It is cheap in com- 
parison with the prices charged for other 
guns. It looks, wears, handles, and shoots 

In October, '98, W. H. Lawrence, of 
Keswick Ridge, N. B., visited me for a few 
days' duck shooting. He was using an 8 
pound, 12 gauge Ithaca. I was shooting a 
high grade Greener,, One (Jay we took it 

into our heads to target our guns. In the 
penetration they gave there was no appar- 
ent difference. With No. 7 and 6 shot 
mine had a trifle the better of it, for it gave 
as regular a pattern as you could prick out 
with an awl. With Nos. 4 and 2 there 
was no difference that we could see, but 
with Nos. 1, B, and BB, mine was simply 
out of the competition. The Ithaca plant- 
ed them as regularly as it did the No.. 8's, 
while the shooting of my gun was wild. It 
makes a person feel uncomfortable to have 
his $200 gun beaten by a $60 one. At the 
same time it teaches him something. 
L. I. Flower, Central Cambridge, N. B. 


Kindly explain the exact meaning of the 
technical terms used to express the different 
rifle and shot gun gauges. Why is a cer- 
tain caliber called 30-30, another 45-70, still 
another 45-70-330? Why is a shot gun a 
10 gauge, a 12 or a 20? 

F. J. Smith, Boston, Mass. 


Caliber refers to the diameter of the bore 
of rifles; gauge to the diameter of the bore 
of shot guns. Caliber is usually expressed 
in fractions of an inch, although many of 
the newer military cartridges, especially 
those of foreign origin, are expressed in 
millimeters. The figures indicating caliber 
really refer to the size of the bore of the 
rifle before the rifling or grooving is done. 
For instance, the 30-30 cartridge is used 
in a barrel bored to .300 inch, but the rifling 
increases the diameter of the bore, meas- 
uring from the bottom of one groove to the 
bottom of the opposite groove, to .308 inch, 
the grooves being cut .004 inch deep. A bul- 
let to fit exactly would be ..308 inch in di- 
ameter, but in practice is usually smaller; 
the present Winchester 30-30 bullet being 
about .307 inch. 

When a cartridge is denominated in 3 
figures, for example, 45-70-330, it means 
that the bore of the rifle is .450 inch before 
the grooving or rifling is cut, the powder 
charge is 70 grains and the weight of bullet 
330 grains. The Winchester 45-70 ball is 
.456 inch, while the United States Gov- 
ernment 45-70 is .45 inch. These figures do 
not always represent the exact data. For in- 
stance, the 38-55-255 when first brought out, 
using the old style folded head shell, held 
55 grains of powder. When the new solid 
head shell came in vogue, the only thing to 
do was to reduce the powder charge, as the 
new shells held less powder than the old 
ones. The charge was therefore reduced 
to 48 grains, but the cartridge still re- 
tained its old name. Many other cartridges, 
as now made, do not correspond to the 
names they bear, The 38-40 ball is not .380 



inch, but is .400 iilth, while the 44-4° ball 
is a little more than .42 caliber. The origi- 
nal 30-30 had 30 grains of high pressure 
powder, but now carries about 22 grains of 
L. & R. Lightning, or 29 grains of Du 
Pont 30 caliber. 

Years ago, when smooth bores were in 
vogue, and when they, as well as practical- 
ly all rifles, used round balls, the gauge of 
caliber was based on the number of balls 
to the pound ; a 20 gauge taking 20 bails to 
the pound, a 50 gauge taking 50 balls, and 
so on. The 50 gauge would measure about 
.450 inch, the 20 gauge over .610 inch, and 
the old fashioned 32 gauge, once a favorite 
in American hunting rifles, was nearly .530 
caliber. This same system is still used in 
numbering shot guns; the 12 gauge being 
.729 inch bore, a round ball to fit weighing 
about 580 grains. But as the use of a patch 
requires the fit to be loose, the bullets are 
really only about 545 grains in weight. The 
10 gauge is .775 caliber; the 16 gauge is 
.662 caliber; the 20 gauge is .615 caliber.— 


I wish to call the attention of readers of 
Recreation to a target which I have used 
a number of years for rifle and pistol prac- 

Those who shoot at a regular range use 
one of the standard targets; but many 
shooters use a home-made target, some- 
times a bullseye on white paper, and often 
at a guessed distance. If there should be 
rings outside the bullseye, they are likely 
to be out of proportion to it. If such 
shooters would make a target of regular 
size and use it at the proper distance, the 
pleasure of shooting would be greatly in- 

After some experimenting, I found a 
target which I think is most satisfactory 
for ordinary practice. It is also good for 
match shooting. I call it the symmetrical 
target, because each ring is just the diame- 
ter of the bullseye larger than the next 
smaller one. Thus at 25 yards the bullseye 
is one inch and the rings are 2, 3, 4, 5 and 
6 inches in diameter The bullseye scores 
10 and the rings 8, 6, 4, 2, 1. The bullseye 
is increased one inch every 25 yards ; so at 
100 yards it is 4 inches in diameter which 
is the standard size. The largest ring 
would be 24 inches. This target I use for 
off-hand shooting. 

For rest shooting, use a target % the 
regular size with regular sized bullseye. 
That is, at 100 yards use the 50 yard target, 
with 100 yard bullseye. The rings score, 
when shooting this way, I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; 
6 is the center of the bullseye. 

For pistol shooting use the target, regu- 
lar size, at 2-5 the distance that it is use<J 

for a rifle; that is, the 50 yard target is 
used at 20 yards. 

In making this target I use an imple- 
ment which is easy to make. Take a strip 
of zinc an inch wide and a little over a 
fjot long. About Yi. inch from one end 
make a hole large enough for a large pin, 
or, what is better, a small brad, to pass 
tnrough easily. 

Then make holes along the center, % 
inch apart, for l / 2 its length, then ^-inch 
to the end. They should be large enough 
for the point of a pencil to pass through. 
Be careful to get the holes exactly the 
right distance apart. 

Then take a piece of paper the size you 
wish your target to be, and mark the cen- 
ter. Place it on a smooth surface, and put 
the pinhole over the center. Drive a pin 
or brad through into the wood underneath. 
Take a lead pencil and swing the circles 
that you wish. The bullseyes are better 
made of black paper and tacked on. Pho- 
tographer's paper is good- Pasters are 
easily made and used. Don't use white 
paper for targets. Yellow, or light gray 
or brown is better. Always measure your 

E. E. W., Old Mystic, Conn. 


The board appointed by the Ordnance 
Department to test and recommend a small 
arm to replace the revolver in the Army 
and Navy, showed good judgment when 
it chose the Borchardt-Luger parabellum 
pistol, commonly known as the Luger au- 
tomatic. It is one of the greatest weapons 
ever produced. In efficiency, range, ac- 
curacy and reliability it is perfect. Its 
durability can be demonstrated only by time 
and service. In action and manipulation 
it is superb. In a trial of the weapon a 
short time ago, at a distance of 23 yards, 
the bullet penetrated 9 inches of soft pine, 
but as the exit was a clear cut hole I am 
sure the limit of its power was not shown. 

The recoil is scarcely discernible, while 
the automatic action of the heavy bolt in- 
cidental on extracting and reloading is 
unnoticeable either by eye or hand. This 
seems incredible when one considers the 
force necessary to work the bolt by hand. 
After having fired the pistol the automatic 
action to put it into position to again fire 
is unnoticed, and one hardly believes that 
it can be fired again by merely pressing the 

The discharged shells fly back over the 
right shoulder about 5 feet. Should your 
position during firing remain unchanged, 
you will find them all in a 2-foot circle. 

The target that can be made is sur- 
prising. Little care is necessary to group 
your shots in a 2-inch circle; and if your 



form any of its functions. It is the most 
perfect of automatons. 

Its extremely homely appearance does not 
at first prepossess one in its favor, but 
"handsome is that handsome does," and 
the weapon certainly does it. 

Many men have of late become admirers 
of the modern small caliber; some at first 
trial, others after much study and thought, 
fr it was hard to lay aside and forget the 
old favorites. So it will be with the good 
old 6-shooter; yet one trial of the new 
pistol will not fail to convince the most 
confirmed revolver advocate of its superi- 

The only drawback to the Luger pistol 
is the larger grip, incidental on the handle's 
containing the magazine. This makes the 
grip awkward in a small hand, but a little 
practice will overcome that. 

E. E. Stokes, Brooklyn, N, Y. 


Will some of your readers please give 
their experience of the arms mentioned in 
the list of questions below? I am anxious 
to get opinions on the latest American arms 
from those who have used them, before 
buying such of them as seem most satis- 

Which is the best repeating shot gun? 
Would such a gun with cylinder barrel 
shoot ball well; and would 12-bore cart- 
ridges loaded with ball work through the 
magazines and action without jamming? 

Do those who have used both prefer 
them to double guns? 

Do they and other American guns work 
equally as well with English cartridges as 
with American shells? Which is the best 
American double gun? How does it com- 
pare with English guns such as Greener's, 
Scotts' and others, of same price? Does 
the 50 caliber '86 model Winchester shoot 
the 50-100-450 and 50-110-300 cartridges in 
the same rifle and with same sighting? Can 
the shells be reloaded often and which are 
the best tools and powders? Which of the 
2 cartridges gives the most accurate and 
deadly shooting? Which is the best re- 
peater for the 30-30 smokeless cartridge? 
With a soft nosed bullet is it as deadly on 
game as the 50 Winchester? Is the 40-72- 
330, '95 model Winchester an accurate and 
hard hitting rifle for large game? Can 
anyone give his experiences with the new 
32 Special Winchester? Is it a better cart- 
ridge on game than the 30-30? 

How do the Mauser and Mannlicher 
rifles compare, as regards accuracy and 
target is not heavy and well backed your 
shots will go through it. 

Never once is there a missfire or a 
failure on. the part of the weapon to per- 

illing power, with American smokeless 
powder small bore rifles, and for working 
of action, etc., with the Remington-Lee and 
Lee straight pull rifles? 

Is the Lee straight pull rifle likely to be 
made in calibers larger than .236? 

Is the Savage rifle preferable to the 

What are the best rifles and cartridges 
for shooting birds and small game and for 
target practice; the distance about 150 to 
200 yards? . . 

Britisher, Calcutta, India. 


I notice in Recreation a long letter 
signed J. Chester,' Sarnia, Ont., and com- 
paring Savage and Winchester rifles, as 
to their using, in the case of the Savage 
rifle, several cartridges of different loads, 
and in the Winchester only one load, the 
Winchester rifle being accurately sighted 
for that one cartridge only. The Win- 
chester Arms Company was the first to 
manufacture the 30-30 smokeless cartridge 
and a rifle to take it, and if Mr, Chester, 
or any one interested, will look on page 
103 of the Winchester catalogue, number 
67, he will there find that they advertise to 
supply and sell for their 30-30 rifles 3 car- 
tridges of different loads for the one gun, 
a fully jacketed bullet load, an expanding 
bullet load and a short range miniature 
load. The Savage Arms Company manu- 
facture their 30-30 rifles to take these iden- 
tical cartridges ; therefore it is ridiculous 
to make any comparison between these 2 
arms from that point of view; there is no 
difference on that point. 

The Winchester Arms Company also 
manufactures 3 cartridges of different loads 
for their 30-40 rifle, which uses the United 
States present standard ammunition, the 
same combination as the 30-30. If, there- 
fore, the Savage Company is to be con- 
demned because it makes rifles to take dif- 
ferent cartridges for the one arm, then it 
is in good company with the Winchester 
Arms Company, and to criticise one ad- 
versely is to criticise both. 

Relative to sighting each rifle perfectly 
for any particular cartridge for the trade 
in general, Mr. Chester has yet to learn that 
no 2 people look through sights exactly 
alike, and any rifle sighted accurately by 
one man, will shoot many 1 ches off when 
used by another person at even as short a 
range as 100 yards ; so if the Winchester 
Company targets every rifle for a certain 
cartridge by a certain expert, everyone 
else who buys those rifles will be com- 
pelled to change the sights in order to get 
perfect results. I am ready to prove this 
statement at any time. 

M. W r Miner, York, Neb. 



I send you to-day another curio for your 
den. I hope you will place it beside the big 
Prince of Wales buffalo gun I sent you 
some years ago. 

made by the Winchester Arms Co. or the 
Ideal Manufacturing Co. If other bullets 
having different shaped points than the 
standard, such as Mo,. 25,719 on the same 
page, are desired, I advise No. 3 special 

This gun is surely a novelty. I do not 
know how much it weighs, who owned 
it first, how it got there or for what it was 
used. Wish I did. What a history it must 
have! It was probably used as a whale 
gun ! If so where is the hardy Norseman 
who put it to his shoulder? Did the brave 
fellow go down with the gun when years 
ago it went to the bottom of the sea off 
Port Valdes? Are his bones there yet? 
Hardly, for the condition of the old weap- 
on, when dragged up by the anchor of a 
Dawson steamer shows that it must have 
lain there many years under many fathoms 
of water. 

The gun was turned over by the Jackie 
who saved it to a hardware house here, in 
whose window I discovered it. Time evens 
all things and at last this interesting relic 
lands in your den. 

If any of the good fellows who want big 
game come this way tell them to call on me. 
C. F, Lundy, Seattle, Wash. 


Please explain how to reload 25-20 single 
shot cartridges. Does a set of reloading 
tools, as sold, contain everything necessary 
for reloading these shells? What is meant 
by trajectory? What size shot is best for 
duck shooting? 

Harry Deane, Mingo Junction, Ohio. 


The 25-20 single shot cartridge is regu- 
larly loaded with 19 grains of f f g or f g 
black powder, or its equivalent in bulk of 
Du Pont's smokeless rifle powder. 

The weight of the regular bullet as made 
by the factory is 86 grains. There are re- 
ports of the 86 grain bullet staggering in 
some rifles. If such is the case, would 
advise the 77 grain bullet with an increase 
of 1 or i]/ 2 grains of powder. For weights 
of different bullets that may be used in the 
25-20 single shot, see series designated as 
No. 25,720 in the Ideal Hand Book, No*. 14, 
on page 26. These various weights may be 
seated with the standard reloading tools as 

tool as made by the Ideal Manufactur- 
ing Co. Extra chambers can be bought 
with that implement for seating bullets 
of different weights. Those who have not 
a copy of the Ideal Hand Book should 
write the manufacturers for one. 

"Trajectory" means the curve which a 
bullet describes in its flight from the muz- 
zle to the object aimed at. For example, if 
an imaginary straight line is drawn from 
the muzzle of the gun direct to the object 
aimed at, it will be found in actual test 
that the bullet on being fired first rises 
above and then gradually falls to this line. 

No. 2 shot is generally used for duck 
shooting, though some use No. 1 and others 
smaller than No. 2. — Editor 


In June Recreation I find an article by 
J. A. Steele, headed, "Wanted to Return to 
the Muzzle Loader." Why not return to 
the flintlock or the arquebus? 

There were a few muzzle loaders on the 
old farm and I have had experience with 
them. You pour in a handful of powder, 
more or less; wad with paper and ram all 
home until you bark your fingers. Then 
put in shot, gravel, nails or any old junk 
and more paper. Then you put on a cap, 
if your fingers are not too cold. G. D. caps 
were principally used in my time, though 
in speaking of them that abbreviation was 
never used. I have heard the name ex- 
panded to a shockingly profane length. 
Having got the weapon loaded we will 
suppose you put up a grouse. The gun goes 
to shoulder and you pull trigger. "Snap! 
S-s-s-ss !" says the cap. Then there is a 
more or less prolonged silence. At this 
stage of the game the unduly curious were 
wont to look down the barrel to see what 
was coming next. They generally found 
out, but seldom tarried long to explain what 
they thought about it. Those strong mind- 
ed enough to keep the gun pointed in the 
direction of the disappearing grouse were 
rewarded in time by hearing a most satis- 
fying explosion. Sometimes even the 
grouse heard it, but as a rule he was out 
of earshot. An expert hunter would pull 
.the trigger and then look for something to 
shoot; if he was in a decent game country 
he could find it before the gun went off. 



By all means let us return to the muzzle 
loader, or, better yet, to the boomerang and 
bow and arrow. 

H. L. Manchester, Tiverton, R. I, 

As the Mauser rifle is receiving consid- 
erable attention in Recreation, let me add 
my chip to the pile. In '99, when I re- 
turned from the Philippines, I brought 
back a Mauser and 100 cartridges for it. 
I also brought a lot of 45-70's, both black 
and smokeless. After using nearly all my 
Mauser shells at target practice one day 
I tried an experiment. I poured the 
powder out of a Mauser shell and re- 
placed it with about the same quantity of 
• 45-70 smokeless. Then I fired. When the 
other fellows picked me up I had a sprink- 
ling of powder and steel in my head and 
face, but was not seriously hurt. We 
didn't pick up all of the gun. The explo- 
sion broke the receiver off the barrel, broke 
the stock and scattered bits of hardware 
over the whole township. The bolt handle 
was cracked off and the receiver bent like 
a rail fence.. The front sight and the 
butt plate are intact, but the rest isn't 
worth 3 cents as old iron. A Mauser is 
all right in its way, but don't load it with 
45-70 smokeless. 

M. C. Manly, Gilmer, Wash. 

I thank you for the bullet mould recently 
received. It was kind of you to order a 
premium not in your list for so small a 
number of subscriptions. It is for an old 
powder and ball Colt's, 45 caliber, which, as 
the barrel is in perfect condition is cer- 
tainly worth a mould. I have an old Ger- 
man hand-made muzzle loading rifle which 
I recently had rebored to 45 caliber. It 
was rebored by the man who made it and 
will score with a modern breech loader. 
There are 3 of us in this town who delight 
in burning powder. Two shoot 25-20 Win- 
chester's, while No. 3 shoots a 38-55 re- 
peater. For an all around light rifle the 
25 can not be beaten, especially for a squir- 
rel gun. My 25 has been in constant use 
9 years and the barrel is still perfect, 
though at least 6,000 shots have been fired 
from it. We all use Ideal tools and reload 
our shells. 

H. E. Shaw, Madison, Wis. 

Have noticed in recent issues of Recrea- 
tion information about loading the differ- 
ent rifle shells with smokeless powder. 
Nearly all writers advise putting in a few 
grains of black powder before the smoke- 
less. I can not see any reason for so do- 
ing. It is unnecessary, causes smoke, dirty 
gun barrels and erratic shooting. I am 

now using Blue Rival, New Rival and New 
Club shells, primed with Winchester No. 
3 primer. I load with 2^4, 3 and 3% 
drams Du Pont smokeless for a 12 gauge 
gun. These shells are, I believe, all one 
needs for field shooting. Have always 
found them quick, sure fire and have never 
had a head blow off. Ed. J. Anderson is 
right in saying it takes a season's shooting 
to learn the ins and outs of a gun. 

W. C. H., Augusta, Mich. 

In answer to inquiries concerning the 
25-20 cartridge, I would say I have had 2 
rifles of that caliber. There is no better 
cartridge for game under deer. I recently 
bought a Winchester, model '92, 25-20 re- 
peater. It is the neatest rifle I have seen 
for small game, and superior to the 32-20 
in every way. I have had a Stevens No. 
44 Ideal, 25-20 rifle, but prefer the Win- 
chester as it is lighter. The Stevens uses 
the 25-20 single shot cartridge and the Win- 
chester uses the 25-20 Winchester. The 
shooting qualities of the 2 are about the 
same, but being different in form, they 
will not fit the same chamber. 

H. B., Campello, Mass. 

I wish to select a good target rifle cost- 
ing about $25. Will any of your readers 
give me information as to what I would 
find best suited to my needs ? - I care for 
no decorations, but wish a perfectly plain, 
well made gun, with all necessary attach- 

Recreation Rifle Club is in flourishing 
condition and we have no reason to regret 
having adopted the name. Practically, 
Recreation is our official organ. 

H. P. Brown, Auburn, N. Y. 

I am much interested in the gun and 
ammunition department of Recreation. 
Though a gun crank, I am unfortunately 
not able to buy an expensive gun; so I 
ordered an Ithaca, No. 1, Special hammer- 
less with nitro steel barrels for target use. 
The finish, balance and shooting qualities 
of the Ithaca surprised me. The new con- 
cealed cross bolt added to the old under 
fastening, makes a doubly secure fastening. 
E. M. B„ Trumansburg, N. Y. 

Some time ago I bought a Hopkins & 
Allen 22 caliber rifle. Its finish was rather 
crude; but after cutting down the front 
sight, filing sharp edges off the hammer, 
tinkering the trigger and reaming the rear 
of chamber until it would admit the rim of 
a shell, I found I had a first class little gun. 
It has done great execution on woodchucks 
and sparrows. If you split the nose of a 22 
long, it will tear a hole as big as a cent. 
Lloyd Badger, Quaquaga, N. Y. 


When a bird or a wild animal is killed, that is the end of it. If photographed, it may still live and its educational 

and scientific value is multiplied indefinitely. 


Pet stock fanciers of the United States 
are fast awakening to the fact that among 
the most beautiful and easily kept birds in 
the world is the pheasant family. The 
golden and Lady Amherst pheasants are 
preferred for aviary and park decoration, 
if they can be given a few square yards of 
lawn they will take great pleasure in ex- 
hibiting their gorgeous plumage while feed- 
ing on the clover, and the care of them 
will be reduced to a minimum. 

Frequently their eggs lack fertility. When 
that is not the case the trick of hatching 
and rearing the young is as simple as rais- 
ing domestic poultry. 

I am a great advocate of pinioning the 
little fellows at about 2 weeks old. at 
which age there is but about ^4 inch of 
gristle to clip off with the scissors from 
each wing. That forever limits their flight, 
and as a bird carries that part of its wing 
out of sight the lack of it would never be 

I have always understood that it was un- 
desirable to allow pheasants to do the 
hatching, the reasons given being that these 
birds are prone to leave nests and eggs on 
the slightest provocation, that their timiditv 
and lack of affection for the young chicks 
make them poor mothers and that if al- 
lowed to set the possible further egg pro- 
duction would be cut off. The latter ob- 
jection is well founded; but the first 2 are, 

1 think, groundless. 

Last year my golden pheasant hen, after 
laying 18 eggs, desired to set. I readilv 
dissuaded her by putting her off the nest 

2 or 3 times. Two weeks thereafter she 
laid 3 more eggs, which were unfertile, and 
then ceased for the season. This spring, 
after laying 14 eggs, she became broody, 
and though I would not risk wasting any 
pheasant eggs under her, I determined to 
give her a chance to raise a little family. 
After she had kept an empty nest warm 
for 3 days without, as far as I could see, 
leaving it to feed, I placed 6 bantam eggs 
just inside her basket. She wasted no time 
before drawing them under her with her 
beak, and cuddling down on them as though 
they were little chickens. For the next 3 or 
4 days I never found her off the nest, but 
sitting there with her head under her wing, 
apparently asleep, day and night. Having 
heard of hens setting themselves to death. 
I became somewhat anxious. I offered her 

grain from my hand, which she scorned. I 
drove her off the nest and tossed her food, 
but with the same result. As soon as 1 
allowed her she ran back to her basket and 
resumed her task of incubation. Up to the 
21 days I never saw her off her nest of her 
own accord, and have come to the conclu- 
sion that she must have fed in the early 
dawn. Two of the eggs progressed to the 
point where their inmates endeavored to 
break through their lime walls, but died in 
the attempt. The other 4 are now each run- 
ning around on 2 little legs and being shel- 
tered and cared for by one of the most gen- 
tle and affectionate mothers that ever graced 
a poultry yard. 

I have decided that if this golden pheas- 
ant tenders her services next spring I shall 
not hesitate in awarding her the contract 
to bring to life and raise some little golden 
or Amherst pheasants for me. 

T. C. W. Rolls, Detroit, Mich. 



In 1880 I learned that Catfish pond, 'situ- 
ated on the summit of the Blue Ridge, 
1,400 feet above the sea, and only 80 miles 
from New York City, contained signs of 
otters, minks, coons, and muskrats. No- 
vember 2d of that year I repaired thither 
and was soon engaged in gathering the 
pelts of many animals. My only compan- 
ions were 2 dogs trained to trail deer and 
foxes. These sharers of my solitude were 
surly fellows, never making friends with 
the hunters who occasionally passed my 
camp. I usually left the dogs on guard 
while I visited my traps, but once or twice 
I took them with me. 

On one of these occasions they suddenly 
sprang forward, barking excitedly, and 
after running 100 yards stopped and barked 
fiercely. Supposing they had treed a bear 
I hurried forward, Winchester in hand, 
emerging into what, at first, seemed a small 
clearing, the underbrush being trodden 
down. In the center of this space were 2 
bucks, one down, the other standing, with 
their antlers inseparably interlocked. They 
were enfeebled and emaciated beyond be- 
lief, mere skeletons with the skin stretched 
over them, a sight never to be forgotten. 

Pitying the poor brutes, my first im- 
pulse was to free them. Laying down my 
rifle I stepped on an antler of the pros- 
trate buck, and with my hands attempted 
to spread them. I should probably have 




succeeded, but the standing deer twisted 
his head viciously, and ripped my calf with 
a spike, making a wound nearly an inch 
deep and 6 inches long. Luckily no ar- 
teries were ruptured, and while the wound 
bled profusely, it gave me no alarm. I 
thought of my hatchet, but that was in the 
tent. I had a small saw, but that, too, was 
at the camp. My next thought was to get 
the saw, but by that time I realized that 
both brutes were enraged. Their eyes 
blazed with green fires, which boded me 
no good could they but reach me. 

Finally I picked up my rifle, stepped c'ose 
to the foes, and placing the muzzle within 
a yard of the standing buck's antler I 
aimed at a point 3 inches from his fore- 
head and pressed the trigger. With the 
release of tension caused by shattering the 
horn the owner of it fell. A feeble shake 
of his head released the other horn and 
h : was free. 

I retreated a little and called my dogs 
away. Staggering feebly to his feet the 
one-horned beast made straight for me, 
stumbling and falling as he came. I easily 
eluded him, and climbing into a fallen tree- 
top laughed at his futile rage. 

The other buck made many attempts to 
rise, but was too weak. Thus I left them 
till the next afternoon, when curiosity 
took me to the scene again. The broken- 
horned buck was gone ; his prostrate foe 
lay in much the same position as before, 
but gored to death. Forty yards from me 
his murderer, a large, 5-pronged fellow, 
darted from a patch of redbrush. I fired 
3 times as he ran, and then heard his antlers 
rattle on the rocks. His spikes were cov- 
ered with freshly dried blood. I had 
avenged the helpless one. 

My family and I spent July 5th at Uneva 
lake, which is about 30 miles from Lead- 
ville, Colo. My 2 sons, my nephew and I 
decided to go to the top of the mountain. 
We left the cabin at 9 a. m. and reached 
the summit, at 2 p. m. After resting awhile 
we started back. As we got some distance 
below timber-line, and were going down a 
steep part of the mountain, I nearly ran on- 
to a mountain grouse before I could stop 
myself. She did not attempt to fly, so I 
sat down within reach of her. I then called 
the boys and had them come where I was, 
from the upper side, so as not to alarm the 
bird. When they had taken their places 
beside and above me, and we had admired 
the lady a few minutes, I commenced mov- 
ing my cane toward her. When the stick 
got near enough she pecked at it 3 or 4 
times, and when she found it did not harm 
her she allowed me to place the end of it 
on her back without alarm. This incited 
me to further overtures, so I laid the stick 
down and commenced putting my hand 

toward her. She did not take alarm. She 
only picked my hand a few times and then 
quit. I put my hand under her and then 
raised her a little. Imagine our surprise 
and pleasure at finding a brood of little 
ones, the last one of which we saw kick 
himself free from the shell. The empty 
shells were still under her, and after I had 
taken them out and thrown them aside I 
took one of the little fellows in my hand 
for the boys' inspection, replacing it directly 
under its mother. By that time we seemed 
to understand each other, as she made no- 
objections to my actions. 

Feeling refreshed by our rest and expe- 
rience, we were ready to proceed, but I 
could not resist the temptation to experi- 
ment further with the little mother. I 
placed my hand under her again and gently 
raised and pushed her off the nest. When 
she attempted to stand on her feet she 
slipped off the earthen shelf whereon the 
nest was located, so she could just look 
into the nest by stretching her neck. We 
immediately got up, shyed off to one side, 
and started down the mountain, at the same 
time watching our mountain grouse climb 
back on the nest, which she lost no time in 
doing. A. N. Flinn, Harlem, N. Dak. 

Can you tell me any way to kill a pocket 
gopher? One of these animals has lived 
in my lawn the past 5 years and done 
no end of damage. Have tried poison, but 
without success. I get up in the morning 
and find half a dozen heaps of dirt the size 
of a peck measure scattered over the 
grass. F. A. Olds, Minneapolis, Minn. 

I referred the foregoing letter to an ex- 
pert trapper, who replied as follows : 

The "pocket gopher" mentioned in the 
letter you referred to me, is undoubtedly a 
mole. The heaps of earth are thrown up 
in excavating chambers at the intersection 
of several tunnels or galleries. 

The most successful method of taking 
the mole- is by means of the mole-spear 
trap, found at hardware stores. Where 
the mole hills appear the animal can not 
be taken by a trap, for the reason that at 
those points the runway is too far beneath 
the surface ; but usually within a few 
yards of a hill the runway comes so near 
the surface that the earth is upheaved in 
a well defined track. There is the place 
to set the spear. The mole, in passing 
through his tunnel, lifts the trigger of the 
trap and the tines of the poised spear 
descend and impale the animal. 

Moles feed on grubs and angle worms al- 
most entirely; vegetable matter not being 
eaten. If the galleries, run so deep that 
the earth is not cracked on the surface, the 
trap can not be used. In that case I 
advise that a few worms or grubs be 



broken, and sprinkled with Paris green, 
and dropped in the gallery, which must be 
again covered, but not filled, with a sod. 
The spear-trap, however, is far and away 
the best when it can be used, as moles do 
not take poisoned bait readily. 

Where a mole is working in the early 
morning he may sometimes be located by 
the cracking earth. Thrust a spade deep 
down behind the worker and with a quick 
pry throw him out before he has time to 
turn to one side. The trap should be set 
immediately after a gallery cracking the 
surface has been made, as the mole is apt 
to go elsewhere on short notice. Another 
way to get rid of the rascal is by drowning 
him out. 

J. A. Newton, Grand Rapids, Mich. 


In the creation of birds nature has seemed to 
express a love of beauty. Many birds appear to 
have no mission save to charm the senses. The 
artistic brilliancy of their coloring, the grace of 
their motion, the melody of their note, unite to 
add joy to the world. Thus the finer mind, such 
a mind as loves the flower, the verdure of the 
forest, and the matchless blue of the sky, loves 
the bird. To harm it would be a cruel impulse. 
One who would visit a gallery and thrust a knife 
through some splendid canvas would be handed 
over to the police; but there are those who will 
kill birds apparently for the purpose of seeing 
the gorgeous plumage disheveled and blood- 
stained, and the little body, incarnation of inno- 
cence and grace, fall quivering, as the song dies 
into silence. The spirit that makes possible 
these outrages is the outcropping of a latent 
savagery. Birds are slain that their feathers 
may adorn a Hat. Perhaps this strikes the wearer 
of the hat as a trifle, but it is not a trifle; it is a 
monstrous perversion of instincts that should be 
gentle. As a symptom it is to be deplored. As 
to its visible effect, it robs the forests and the 
fields of their finest adornment. In the far land 
where the heron breeds hunters go for the pur- 
pose of securing trimming for the hats of wo- 
mankind, rather than of kind for woman. At a 
certain season the heron seeks a mate and at that 
time he is adorned with a nuptial plume. The 
hunter desires this plume, and shoots .the heron. 
The slender plume is used as an aigrette, and 
the lady who is proud of the stolen trophy wav- 
ing above her has no thought of the female left 
mateless, and the fledglings that must have 
starved. If she stopped to think she would 
blush for shame and to her eyes there would 
come tears of pity. Fashion is a cruel mistress. 
Her dictates demand the slaying of the fairest of 
animate objects. The oriole, decked with flam- 
bent yellow, the robin with breast of red, the 
lark, the thrush, the linnet, the tiny hummer, 
scarce bigger than the bumblebee; the soaring 
eagle, the diving loon, the dove, emblematic of 
peace, all are claimed as victims of this cruel 
mistress. There can be no excuse. Wings and 
feathers on a hat are as surely barbaric as when 
they crown the war bonnet of an Indian chief. 
A bird society has been formed in Tacoma, and 
success be to it. In so far as it protects the 
biras it will do good, and in awakening an in- 
terest in the study of the habits and haunts of the 
messengers of the upper air it opens a field where 
investigation brings the student in close touch 
with one of the most captivating themes afforded 
by the material world. The society can dis- 
courage the murder of birds either- by wanton 
boys or thoughtless people old enough to know 
better. — Tacoma (Wash.) Daily Ledger. 


Spider balloons, such as was seen by Mr. 
Bray are not uncommon here. It is most 
interesting to watch their construction and 
launching. The spider chooses a clear day 
with a light West wind. Climbing to the 
top of a rock or post, she faces the wind 
and raising the back part of her body, she 
throws out her web. Instead of joining the 
different threads as for an ordinary web, 
she keeps them apart and tangles them with 
her hind feet into a flossy, silvery white 
mass, 2 to 10 feet long and z / 2 inch to 2 
inches wide. Occasionally she will raise 
and lower her body as if to test the lifting 
power of the web. When satisfied it will 
carry her, she spins a thread that permits 
the balloon to float away a few inches. 
Then giving a little spring she sails away, 
head down, holding the thread with her 
hind feet. Toward night, as it becomes 
cool and damp, the balloon loses its buoy- 
ancy and slowly descends. When it is near 
the earth the spider lets herself down bv a 
thread until she catches some obiect. Then 
she cuts the thread and lets the balloon go. 
C. Riblet, Litchfield, Mich. 

I have seen many spider balloons like the 
one described by J. B. Grey, though to me 
they seemed more like parachutes than 
balloons. I saw them in Northern Ala- 
bama, along the Tennessee river. The 
stream is there about i]/ 2 miles wide, and 
I have seen many spiders far out over the 
water, as if they intended crossing. They 
seem to have some control over the move- 
ments of the bunch of web. I once saw a 
spider rolling a long web as if he wished 
to change the angle of his parachute. The 
spiders were never large and the web sel- 
dom more than 3 or 4 inches across, with a 
pendant thread 50 feet or more in length. 
On this thread the spider stays, about 2 
feet below the bunch of web. 

W. H. T., Kyle, W. Va. 

During the past 25 years laws have been 
passed throughout our country, regulating, 
to a certain degree, what shall be taught 
in our public schools. The small wooden 
schoolhouses are being rapidly replaced, 
even in small villages, by better buildings 
and better equipments. The old-time 
standard of "the 3 R's" has gradually been 
changed, until now it is common to hear 
the school-boy talking of physiology, 
botany and geology, as well as of many sub- 
jects bearing on art and letters. With all 
that is being done, the birds and animals, 
the creatures that give us most pleasure, 
and that, too, at all seasons of the year, 
are left out of the curriculm. How com- 
mon it is to find men and women who can 
not distinguish the chirp or song of the 



robin from that of our many other song- 
sters ! How many there are who enjoy 
a summer outing in the country, and yet 
can not tell one from another a single spe- 
cies of our common birds. Would not even 
a small knowledge of the wild life they see 
on every hand add to the pleasures of their 
outing? Much might be said along this 
line alone, but pleasure is not the only 
object to be gained. If in the public 
schools an elementary knowledge of our 
common birds and animals could be gained, 
it would tend to a greater interest in them, 
because then observation would have a 
foundation to work from. Then in 25 
years from now we would not have such 
a multitude of bird killers and game de- 
stroyers as we now have. The ideas of 
game protection and preservation would 
prevail throughout the land. The school- 
boy would stop robbing nests, and the live 
bird would be of more interest to him than 
the dead one. 

Dr. C. B. A., Keene, N. H. 


I have 2 fish ponds stocked with trout. 
I have not been very successful with the 
increase, but those sent me from the State 
hatchery grow very fast. 

I am protecting a large family of beav- 
ers, having a mile and a half of river front. 
I have it fenced off so stock can not tread 
the bank where the beavers are and I 
leave them cottonwood and willow to work 
on. There are quails here in abundance. 
1 stack my grain in the timber and cut 
corn and shock at the edge of the timber 
for the quails and prairie chickens to feed 
on. The timber squirrels feed on nuts and 
fruits of various kinds. If the winters are 
too severe they come to my granaries and 
cribs for feed. Next spring I expect to set 
some Chinese pheasant eggs. My plan is 
to set them under a turkey hen and let her 
take them to the woods and raise them. 
Can you give me any information in regard 
to raising pheasants? 

J. B. Berry, Paddock, Neb. 

Here is a Moses for the wild animals and 
birds. Would we had such farmers every- 
where! I trust the time may soon come 
when we may have at least one such shin- 
ing example as Mr. Berry in each county 
in the United States. — Editor. 

One day, noticing a commotion among 
my chickens, I went out to see what had 
frightened them. They acted like thev 
had seen a snake. On the bare ground at 
the foot of a cherry tree was what ao- 
peared to be the head and neck of a small 
snake. It was reddish brown with a 
round head; and its wicked little green 

eyes, circled with white, seemed to 
watch every motion. It swayed its head 
and neck to and fro and darted its tongue 
out repeatedly. I called to my daughter to 
come and see it. The head and neck was 
perhaps */£ inch in thickness and 1V2 inches 
in length. Supposing its body was in the 
earth, we got the hoe to dig it up. To our 
surprise we found that what we had taken 
for a head and neck was the entire creature. 
We took it to the house, examined it with a 
reading glass, and discovered it had a small 
head, which it could project a little, and 2 
eyes, which filled the whole front of this 
little head. The strange spots that looked 
so much like eyes were only spots, and the 
forked tongue was only the antennae. I 
never saw anything like it before, and the 
chickens certainly believed it to be a snake. 
Mrs. A. M. Marriott, Vernon. la. 

Coming across the gulf -from Havana, 
Cuba, to Mobile, last April, with a detach- 
ment of the 7th Cavalry, I was awak- 
ened on the morning of the 15th by the cries 
and squawks of many kinds of birds. It 
was just growing light and was foggy as 
I went on deck. I was astonished to see 
numbers of great blue herons, night herons, 
little green herons, least bitterns, kingfish- 
ers and kingbirds flying in and out of the 
fog and alighting on the rigging. A little 
bittern found his way down in the hold, 
among the horses and mules. He was cap- 
tured, but soon released. When the fog 
cleared the larger birds left the boat, but 
some of the smaller ones remained several 
hours. The steamer was over 200 miles 
from land. The birds, of which there must 
have been over 100, seemed bewildered bv 
the fog and glad of a resting place. Thev 
could not have been blown out to sea by a 
storm, as the weather for several days had 
been calm; so I suppose they were mi- 
grating North from the West Indies. Is it 
the habit of birds of such widelv different 
varieties to migrate together? 

C. O. Moseley, M. D., Lytle, Ga. 

Have just read Fred Wahl's letter about 
providing homes for birds. I am glad 
there is one person who realizes that 1 bird 
house should resemble as much as possible 
the natural nesting place of the bird. Orr 
nate little structures with doors, windows 
and gable roofs are absurd when one con- 
siders the purpose for which they are in- 
tended. The diameter of a hole that will 
admit tree swallows while excluding spar- 
rows, could be easily found by experiment 
It will be between 1 and 1% inches. For 
the tree swallow the entrance should be as 
near the top of the box as possible. 

Edmond Sawyer, Englewood, N. J. 



President, G. O. Shields, 23 W. 24th St., New 

1st Vice-President, E. T. Seton, 80 West 
40th St., New York. 

2d Vice-President, W. T. Hornaday, 2969 
Decatur Ave., Bedford Park, N. Y. 

3d Vice-President, Dr. T. S. Palmer, Dept. of 
Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 

4th Vice-President, A. A. Anderson, 80 West 
40th St., New York. 

jtn Vice-President, Hon. W.A.Richards, Gen- 
eral Land Office, Washington, D. C. 

Secretary, A. F. Rice, 155 Pennington Ave., 
Passaic, N. J. 

Treasurer, Austin Corbin, of the Corbin Bank- 
ing Co., 192 Broadway, New York City. 

M. J. Foley, Chief Warden, Jerome. 
W. R. Blockson, Chief Warden, Eureka Springs. 

Dr. David Starr Jordan, Chief Warden, Leland 
Stanford University. C. Barlow, Sec-Treas., Santa 

A. Whitehead, Chief Warden, 303 Tabor Building, 

Hon. F. P. Sherwood, Chief Warden, Southport; 
Dr. H. L. Ross, Vice- Warden, Canaan; H. C Went, 
Sec-Treas., Bridgeport. 

C. H.Townsend, Chief Warden, U. S. Fish Com- 

W. W. K. Decker, Chief Warden, Tarpon Springs 

J.J. Doughty, Chief Warden, Augusta. 


L. A. Kerr, Chief Warden, Kendrick 

M. D. Ewell. M.D., Chief Warden, 59 Clark St., 
Chicago; F. M. Taber, Vice Warden, 144 Kinzie 
St., Chicago; G. C. Davis, Sec-Treas., 123 S. Central 
Ave., Austin. 

Frank L. Littleton, Chief Warden, 30^ East 
Washington St., Indianapolis ; J. J. Hildebrandt, 
Vice Warden, Logansport ; T. J. Carter, Sec-Treas., 
State House, Indianapolis. 

Carl Quimby, Chief Warden, Des Moines; C. C. 
Proper, Sec-Treas., Des Moines. 

O. B. Stocker, Chief Warden, Wichita; A. J. 
Applegate, Sec-Treas., 113 E. 1st St., Wichita 


Geo. C. Long, Chief Warden, Hopkinsville. 
R. L. Brashear, Sec-Treas., Bowling Green. 


Col. E. C. Farrington, Chief Warden, Augusta. 

J. E. Tylor, Chief Warden, Baltimore. 


Heman S. Fay, Chief Warden, Hazleton Block, 
Marlboro; J. E. Tweedy, Vice-Warden, North Attle- 
boro : A. C. Lamson, Sec-Treas., 194 Main St., 


J. Elmer Pratt, Chief Warden, Grand Rapids ; R.S. 
Woodliffe, Vice-Warden, Jackson ; A. B. Richmond, 
Sec-Treas„ Grand Rapids. 

Dietrich Lange, Chief Warden, 2294 Commonwealth 

St Paul; H.A.Morgan, Vice- Warden, Albert Lea; 
A. R. Bixby, Sec-Treas., 101 Baldwin St., St. Paul. 
Bryan Snyder, Chief Warden, 726 Central Bldg., 
St. Louis. 

Professor M. J. Elrod, Chief Warden, Missoula; 
Sidney M. Logan, Vice- Warden, Kalispell; R. A. 
Waagner, Sec-Treas., Bozeman. 

Fred. E. Mockett, Chief Warden, Lincoln; P. 
O'Mahony, Sec-Treas., Lincoln. 

Dr. W. H. Cavell, Chief Warden, Carson. 
Geo. W. Cowing, Sec-Treas., Carson. 


Dr. A. F. Barrett, Sentinel Bldg., Keene, 
Sidney Conant, Sec-Treas., Keene. 

A. W. Van Saun, Chief Warden, Pompton Plains; 
Dr. W. S. Colfax, Vice- Warden, Pompton Lakes ; I. 
V. Dorland, Sec-Treas., Arlington. 

W. M. Borrowdale, Chief Warden Magdalena. 

John R. Fanning, Chief Warden, Powers' Bide., 
Rochester; Col. R. E. Moss, Vice-Warden, Wallack's 
Theatre, New York City; Dr. C. C. Curtis, Sec- 
Treas , Columbia College, New York City. 
Dr. W. D. Jones, Chief Warden, Devil's Lake. 

W. E, Gleason, Chief Warden, Mitchell Bldg., 
Cincinnati; A. C. Thatcher, Vice- Warden, Urbana. 
W. M. Grant, Chief Warden, Oklahoma City. 

C. A. Hammond, Chief Warden, Box 701, St. 
Thomas; D. L. Mells, Sec-Treas., St. Thomas. 
Robert F. Kelly, Chief Warden, Box 188, The 
Dalles; C. B. Cushing, Sec-Treas., The Dalles. 

C. F. Emerson, Chief Warden, 189 N. Perry St., 
Titusville; Hon. C B. Penrose, Vice- Warden, 1720 
Spruce St., Philadelphia; E. Wager-Smith, Sec- 
Treas., 1026 Ridge Ave., Philadelphia. 

Zenas W. Bliss, Chief Warden, 49 Westminster St., 

C. F. Dill, Chief Warden, Greenville. 


D. C. Booth, Chief Warden, Spearfish; John C. 
Barber, Sec-Treas., Lead. 

Hon. G. C. Martin, Chief Warden, Clarksville; 
Hon. Austin Peay, Jr., Sec-Treas., Clarksville. 


Prof. S. W. Stanfield, Chief Warden, San Marcos 
W. E. Heald, Sec-Treas., San Angelo. 
Hon. John Sharp, Chief Warden, Salt Lake City. 

W. E. Mack, Chief Warden, Woodstock; S. C; 
White, Sec-Treas., Woodstock. 

Franklin Stearns, Chief Warden, n N. nth St., 
C. O. Saville, Vice Warden, Richmond; M.D.Hart, 
Sec-Treas., 1217 East Main St., Richmond. 
F. S. Merrill, Chief Warden, Spokane ; F. A. Pon- 
tius, Sec-Treas., Seattle; Munro Wyckoff, Vice- War- 
den, Pt. Townsend. 




E. F. Smith, Chief Warden, Hinton, 

Frank Kaufman, Chief Warden, Two Rivers; Dr. 
A. Gropper, Sec.-Treas., Milwaukee. 
H. E. Wadsworth, Chief Warden, Lander; Frank 
Bond, Sec.-Treas., Cheyenne. 

Applications for membership and orders for badges 
shcuid be addressed to Arthur F. Rice, Secretary, 23 W. 
24th St., New York. 

County. Name of Warden. Address. 

New York, Conrad L. Meyer, 46 W. Broadway. 
Livingston M. De La Vergne, Lakeville. 

" K.S. Chamberlain, Mt. Morris. 

Albany, C.D.Johnson, Newtonville. 

" Henry T.Newman, 

" Kenneth E. Bender,Albany. 

Broome, John Sullivan, Sanitaria Springs 

" R. R. Mathewson, Binghamton. 

Cayuga, H. M. Haskell, Weedsport. 

Chemung, Fred. Uhle, Hendy Creek, 

M. A. Baker, Elmira. 

Cortland, James Edwards, Cortland, 

Erie, E. P. Dorr, 103 D. S. Morgan 

Building, Buffalo. 
" Marvin H. Butler, Morilla. 

Essex, W. H. Broughton, Moriah. 

Franklin, Jas. Eccles, St. Regis Falls. 

Montgomery, Charles W Scharf, Canajonarie, 
Oneida. J. M. Scoville, Clinton. 

Orange, Wilsoi. Urans, Middletown. 

J. Hampton Kidd, Newburgh. 
" Thomas Harris, PortJervis. 

Richmond, Lewis Morris, Port Richmond. 

St. Lawrence, Dr. B.W. Severance, Gouverneur. 

" A.N. Clark, Sevey. 

Schenectady, J. W. Furnside, Schenectady. 
Suffolk, F. J. Fellows, Central Islip, L. I. 

P. F. Tabor, Orient, L. I. 

Tioga, Geo. Wood, Owego. 

Washington, C.L.Allen, Sandy Hill. 

A. S. Temple, Whitehall. 

" J. E. Barber, Dresden. 

Westchester, George Poth, Pleasantville. 

" Chas. Seacor, 57 Pelham Road, 

New Rochelle. 
M. W. Smith, Croton Falls. 

" Ralph Gorham, Mt.Kisco 

Columbia, } A ' E ' Miller ' Jackson's Corners' 

Onondaga, James Lush, Memphis. 

Yates, B. L. Wren, Penn Van. 

" Symour Poineer, Branch Port. 

Dutchess, Chas. H. DeLong, Pawling. 
" Jacob Tompkins, Billings. 

Queens, Gerard Van Nostrand, Flushing, L. I . 

" W. S.Mygrant, 46 Elton Street, 

" P. A. Geepel, 473 Grand Ave., 

Astoria, L. I. 
" L. B. Drowne, 119 Somers Street. 

Ulster, M. A. DeVall, The Corners. 

44 Wm. S. Mead, Woodstock. 

Jefferson, C.J.Smith, Watertown- 

Herkimer, D. F. Sperry, Old Forge. 

Oswego, J. E. Manning, 154 West Utica St. 

Putnam, H. L. Brady, Mahopac Falls. 

Schuyler, G. C Fordham, Watkins. 
Allegany, G. A. Thomas, Belvidere. 
Schoharie, O.E.Eigen, Sharon Springs. 

Warren, Geo. McEchron, Glen Falls. 

Orleans, J.H. Fearby, E.Shelby. 

Greene, W. J Soper. Windham. 

Stark, A. Dangeleisen, Massillon. 

Franklin, Brook L. Terry, 208 Woodward Av., 

Cuyahoga, A. W. Hitch, 161 Osborn St., 

Clark, Fred C. Ross, 169 W. Main St., 

Erie, David Sutton, 418 Jackson St., 

Fulton, L. C. Berry, Swanton. 

Hamilton, W, C- Rippey, 4465 Eastern Ave., 


County. Name of Warden. Address. 

Allen, S. W. Knisely, Lima. 

Knox, Grant Phillips, Mt. Vernon. 

Lorain, T.J.Bates, Elvria. 

Ottawa, Frank B. Shirley, Lakeside. 

Muskingum, Frank D. Abell, Zanesville. 
Scioto, J. F. Kelley, Portsmouth. 

Fairfield, George B. Bliss. 2 Park Row, Stam- 

ford, Ct. 
Harvey C. Went, 11 Park St., Bridge- 
port, Ct. 
Fairfield, Samuel Waklee, Box 373, Mratford. 

Litchfield, Dr. H. L. Ross, P. O. Box 100, Ca- 
naan, Ct. 
Middlesex, Sandford Brainerd, Ivoryton. 
New H,aven, Wilbur E. Beach, 318 Chapel Street, 

New Haven, Ct, 
D. J. Ryan, 188 Elizabeth St.. 

Norfolk, Orlando McKenzie, Norfolk. 

J.J. Blick. Wrentham. 

S. W. Fuller, East Milton. 

Suffolk, Capt. W. J. Stone. 4 Tremont Row, 

Worcester, B. H. Mosher, Athol. 


Mercer, Jos. Ashmore, 124 Taylor St., 

Mercer. Edw. Vanderbilt, Dentzville, 

" Roland Mitchell, 739 Centre St., 

Morris, Joseph Pellet, Pompton Plains. 

Chas. W. Blake, Dover. 
Francis E. Cook, Butler. 
Calone Orr, Hibernia. 

Somerset, G. E. Morris, Somerville. 

Sussex, Isaac D. Williams, Branchville. 

Union, A. H. Miller, Cranford. 

CM. Hawkins, Roselle. 

W -«n, { fet^Tafner, } PMlHpsburg. 

Monmouth. Dory-Hunt, Wanaque. 

Hudson, A. W. Letts, 51 Newark St., 



Jefferson, John Noll, Sykesville. 
Perry, Samuel Sundy, Lebo. 

Warren. F. P. Sweet. Goodwill Hill. 

" Nelson Holmes, Cornplanter. 

Juniata, Clifford Singer, Oakland Mills. 

" Ezra Phillips, McAlesterville. 

Venango, G. D. Benedict, Pleasantville. 

Potter, Ira Murphy, Coudersport. 

Wiley Barrows, Austin. 

" Chas. Barrows, Austin. 

Crawford, Jasper Tillotson, Tillotson. 

Geo. T. Meyers, Titusville. 

J. B. Lamb, Buel. 

Cambria, W.H.Lambert, 720 Coleman Ave., 

Butler, F. J. Forquer, Murrinsville. 

Allegheny, S. H. Allen, Natrona. 
Beaver, N. H. Covert, Beaver Falls. 

W. R. Keefer, " 

McKean, C. A. Duke, ' Duke Center. 

L. P. Fessenden, Granere. 
" Wm. Holsinger, Stickney. 

Lackawanna, Wm. Weir, Moosic. 

" Wm. Major, " 

Carbon, AsaD. Hontz, East Mauch Chunk. 

Cumberland, J. C. Gill, Mechanicsburg. 
Wyoming, Cyrus Walter, Tunkhannock. 

Tioga, E. B. Beaumont, Jr., Lawrenceville. 

" G. H. Simmons, Westfield. 

Lycoming, Jas. J. Brennan, Oval. 

B. D. Kurtz, Cammal. 

Delaware, Walter Lusson, Ardmore. 

Montgomery, L. C. Parsons, Academy. 
Bradford, Geo. B. Loop, Sayre. 

Clarion, Isaac Keener, New Bethlehem. 

Cameron, Harry Hemphill, Emporium. 

Clinton, M. C. Kepler, Renovo. 

" Geo. L. Kepler, Renovo. 

Northumber- |G. W. Roher, 

land, \ 505 Anthracite St., Shamokin. 


D. R. Lobaugh, Ridgway. 




County. Name of Warden. Address. 

Ottawa, W. H. Dunham, Drenthe. 

Kalamazoo, C. E. Miller, Augusta. 

Berrien, W. A. Palmer, Buchanan. 

Cass, Thomas Dewey, Dowagiac. 

Hillsdale, C. A. Stone, Hillsdale. 

Lake, John Trieber, Peacock, 


Mecklenburg, J.H.Ogburn, 
King William, N.H Montague, 
Smythe, J. M. Hughes, 

King & Queen, R. D. Bates, 
Louisa, J. P. Harris, 

W.J.L3 • 



East Rockingham, E.J.Carickhoff, 

South Hil. 

Chatham Hill. 


412 W.Marshall. 






Nelson Yarnall, Dubois. 

(S. N. Leek, 
IF. L. Peterson, 

Kirk Dyer, 

Martin Breither, 

> Jackson. 

Medicine Bow. 







W. G. Harris, Gallatin. 

John H. Lory, Bear Spring. 

C. C Bell, Springfield. 

P. W. Humphrey, Clarksville. 
H.T. Rushing, Jackson. 

Hall, E. C. Statler, Grand Island 

Cheshire, S. C. Ellis, Keene. 

Sullivan, G. A. Blake, Lempster. 

J. W. Davidson, Charlestown. 
Rutland, Wm. J. Liddle, Box 281, Fair Haven 

Windsor, F. A. Tarbell, V\ est Bridgewater. 

Orleans, E.G.Moulton, Derby Line. 

Essex, H. S. Lund, Granby. 

Rock Island, D. M. Slottard, 12th Ave and 17th 

St., Moline. 
Iroquois, J. L. Peacock, Sheldon. 


Kiowa and Comanche Nation, 

A.C.Cooper, Ft. Sill. 

Clinton, D. L. Pascol, Grand Mound. 

Pottawattamie, Dr. C.Engel, Crescent. 


Okanogan, James West, Methow. 

Stevens Co., Jacob Martin, Newport. 


Washington, S. C. Goddard, New Harmony. 

J.A.Thornton, Pinto. 

Ness, Frank Lake, Ransom. 


Albert Lea, Minn., H. A. Morgan, Rear Warden. 
Angelica, N. Y„ C. A. Lathrop, '• 

Augusta, Mont., H. Sherman, " 

Austin, Minn., G. F. Baird, 

Austin, Pa., W.S.Warner, 

Boston, Mass., Capt. W. I. Stone, " 

Buffalo, N. Y., H.C.Gardiner, 

Cammal, Pa., B. A. Ovenshire. " 

Champaign Co., O. Hy. F. MacCracken 

Charlestown, N. H. 

Ch yenne, Wyo., 

Choteau, Mont., 

Cincinnati, Ohio, 

Coudersport, Pa., 

Cresco, Iowa, 

Davis, W.Va., 

Dowagiac, Mich., 

East Mauch Chunk,Pa., E. F. Pry, 

Evansville, Ind., F. M. Gilbert, 

Fontanet, Ind., 

Ft. Wayne, Ind., 

Great Falls, Mont. 

Heron Lake, Minn. 

Hollidaysb'g, Pa., 

Hopkinsville, Ky., Hunter Wood, 

Indianapolis, Ind., Joseph E. Bell, 

Jerome, Ariz., Dr. L. A. Hawkins, 

Johnsonburg, Pa., W. J. Stebbins, 

Kalispell, Mont., John Eakright, 

W. M. Buswell, 
J. Hennessy, 
G. A. Gorham, 
B.W. Morris, 
1 L. Murphy, 
J. L. Piatt, 
J. Heltzen, 
W. F. Hoyt, 

W. L. Waltemarth 
J.M. Gaunt, 
K. C. Buckeye, 
H. D. Hewit, 

Keene, N. H.. 
Kingfisher, Okla., 
Lake Co., Ind., 
Lawton, O. T., 
Logansport, Ind., 
Ludington, Mich., 
Mechanicsburg, Pa., 
Minturn, Colo., 
New Albany, Ind., 
New Bethlehem, Pa 
Penn Yan, N. Y., 
Princeton, Ind., 
Reynoldsville, Pa., 
Ridgway, Pa., 
Rochester, N. Y., 
St Paul, Minn., 
St. Thomas, Ont., 
Schenectady, i\ . Y., 
Seattle, Wash., 
Syracuse, N. Y„ 
Terre Haute, Ind , 
The Dalles, Ore., 
Walden, N. Y., 
Wichita, Kas., 
Winona, Minn., 

F. P. Beedle, 
A. C. Ambrose, 
Dr. R.C. Mackey, 
Marion Miller, 

E. B.McConnell, 

G. R. Cartier, 
Dr. J. H.Swartz, 
A. B. Walter, 

Dr. J. F. Weathers, 
., Isaac Keener, 
Dr. H. R. Phillips, 
H. A. Y eager, 
C F. Hoffman, 
T. J. Maxwell, 
C. H. McChesney 
O. T. Denny, 
J. W. Furnside, 
M. Kelly, 
C. C Truesdell, 
U. F. Thiede, 
C. B. Cushing, 
J. W. Keid, 
Gerald Volk, 
C. M. Morse, 

Rear Warden. 


The following firms have agreed to give 
members of the L. A. S. a discount of 2 
per cent, to 10 per cent, on all goods bought 
of them. In ordering please give L. A. S. 

Syracuse Arms Co., Syracuse, N. Y. Guns. 
Davenport Fire Arms Co., Norwich, Conn. Shot 

guns, rifles. 
Gundlach Optical Co., Rochester, N. Y. Photographic 

Blair Camera Co., Rochester, N.Y. Photographic goods. 
The Bostwick Gun and Sporting Goods Co., 1528 

Arapahoe St., Denver, Col. 
James Acheson, Talbot St., St. Thomas, Ontario, 

Sporting goods. 
Jespersen & Hines, 10 Park Place, New York City 

W. D. Ellis, 136 W. 72A street, New York City. 
A. F. Rice, 155 Pennington avenue, Passaic, N. J. 
Dr. W. A. Valentine, 5 W. 35th street, New York 

A. A. Anderson, 6 E. 38th street, New York City. 
A. V. Fraser, 478 Greenwich street, New York 


E. S. Towne, care National Bank Book Co., Hol- 

yoke, Mass. 

F. G. Miller, 108 Clinton street, Defiance, Ohio. 
Gen. J. F. Pierson, 20 W. 52d street, New York 

E. T. Seton, 80 W. 40th street, New York City. 
J. H. Seymour, 35 Wall street. New York City. 
A. G. Nesbitt, Maple street, Kingston, Pa. 
D. C. Beard, 204 Amity street, Flushing, L. I. 

C. H. Ferry, 1720 Old Colony Bldg., Chicago, 111. 
Hon. Levi P. Morton, 681 5th avenue, New York 

H. Williams. P. O. Box 156, Butte, Mont. 

D. B. Fearing, Newport, R. I. 

E. H. Dickinson, Moosehead Lake, Me. 
Lorenzo Blackstone, Norwich, Conn. 

A. L. Prescott, 90 W. Broadway, New York City. 

G. S. Edgell, 192 Broadway, New York City. 
W. B. Mershon, Saginaw, Mich. 

Hon. H. W. Carey, East Lake, Mich. 

George Carnegie, Fernandina, Fla. 

Andrew Carnegie, 2nd, Fernandina, Fla. 

Morris Carnegie, Fernandina. Fla. 

W. L. Underwood, 52 Fulton street, Boston, Mass. 

C. E. Butler, Jerome, Ariz. 

Mansfield Ferry, 183 Lincoln Park, Boulevard, 

Chicago, 111. 
Austin Corbin, 192 Broadway, New York City. 
J. Stanford Brown, 489 Fifth Ave., New York City. 
W. H. Smith. Bryn Mawr. Pa. 
E. B. Smith, Bourse Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa. 
A. T- McClure, i;8 State street. Albany, N. Y. 
T. Walter Thompson. Times Bide: . New York City. 
Clinton Gilbert, 2 Wall St., New York City. 

There are thousands of men in the 
United States who should be life mem- 
bers. Why don't they join? Will some- 
one please take a club and wake them up? 



Editor Recreation : 

Becoming disgusted at the open violation 
of the game laws around El Paso, a few 
of us sportsmen joined the L. A. S. about 
18 months ago. We at once served notice 
on the marketmen and express companies 
that violators would be punished. Re- 
sult : Not a carcass to be seen last winter. 

The building of the Sierra Madre road 
into Mexico opened up a game country; 
the like of which is not to be found else- 
where on the American continent. The 
Mormons began to establish colonies down 
there and soon game was coming in for 
sale.. Mexico has no game laws and it 
looked as if we were "up against it ;" but 
we went to work on the officials of the 
road and induced some of them to join the 
L. A. S. Then up went freight and ex- 
press rates on game to 8 times regular 
rates ; so we scored another victory and 
were happy. 

The Sacramento mountains, ioo miles 
North of here, in New Mexico, have long 
been a game region. They are high and 
covered with heavy timber. Right on top, 
9,000 feet above the set level, is Cloud- 
croft, the great cooling-off place for the 
arid Southwest. Nearly every business 
and professional man in El Paso owns a 
cabin in Cloudcroft, where his family can 
go to escape the heat. New Mexico has 
good game laws, but last summer League 
members visiting Cloudcroft could hear of 
game being killed by the squatters there- 
about. One man, named Massey, was a 
notorious offender. It was all done in New 
Mexico and we live in Texas ; but success 
had always perched on our banner and 
we went to work.. We first wrote Recrea- 
tion, then Governor Otero. The El Paso 
daily papers took up the cause in the 
meantime and denounced the hogs. Soon 
Billy Smith was appointed warden and 
then Mr. Bristles began to subside, for 
Billy was known to be a terror to evil- 
doers. He has served many years on the 
police force of El Paso. It is said that 
when the chief gave Billy his star he told 
him to buy a revolver, but Billy replied 
that his fist was all he needed. When 
Governor Otero appointed him warden I 
met him on the street and said, "Now, 
Billy, go for them!" To-day, I met him 
again and he said, "Well, I caught one and 
have a warrant for another. No game is 
being killed up there now." 

Thus the L. A. S.. becomes a power in 
the land, reaching out its strong arm in 
every direction. Recreation is on sale at 
all the news stands in El Paso. May it 
and the L. A. S. ever grow and may 
Coquina live ioo years. 

Dr. J. I. Bush. El Paso, Texas. 

Mr. Wm. Cunningham, of Attica, Ind., 
is doing some vigorous work in building 
up the League in that city and vicinity. He 
has sent in a large number of memberships 
already and has several other men on his 
list whom he is looking after. It is 
expected that he will eventually organize 
a strong chapter in Attica. 



O Jackola, 



And such things, 
Skip and patter, 
Fly and scatter, 
Or we'll ha'ter 

Lend you wings. 

Give your soul a 
Chance to roll a — 

Round a few ; 
It needs raking 
Out and shaking, 
And then making 
Over new. 

Fish by millions, 
Fish by billions, 
Fish by trillions — 

That's your style; 
Gosh all thunder ! 
It's no wonder 
Such a blunder 

Stirs my bile. 

When you're going, 
Swiftly blowing 
O'er the flowing 
River Styx, 

1 am betting, 

While you're fretting, 
You'll be getting 
In a fix. 

You may gabble, 
Scrap and scrabble 
With the rabble 

As you wish ; 
They'll not heed you, 
For they'll need you, 
And will feed you 

To the fish. 

Now, Jackola, 



Since it pays, 
Cease your badness, 
All your madness, 
And with gladness 

Mend your ways. 



Director of the New York School of Forestry, Cornell University, assisted by Dr. John C. Gifford of the same 


It takes 30 years to grow a tree and 30 minutes to cut it down and destroy it. 


Not more then 15 years ago most of the 
lumber journals were still expressing 
amusement at the efforts of those who at- 
tempted to influence methods of forest ex- 
ploitation, on the ground that wood sup- 
plies are waning and that attention should 
be paid to their reproduction. At last it 
has dawned on the editors of these peri- 
odicals that even such "inexhaustible" sup- 
plies as the white pine were supposed to be 
come to an end. At present hardly a week's 
issue of these same journals is without 
some comment or some statement of fact 
which indicates the change of attitude. 
That the white pine, which is to date still 
the largest furnisher of wood material in 
the market, is doomed soon to be one of the 
rarer woods has for some time been ad- 
mitted by the trade journals, and dates for 
its final exhaustion have been figured ; a 
futile proceeding, since the rate of decima- 
tion must necessarily change as the sup- 
plies become smaller and the prices higher. 
It is interesting to note how one region 
after another is playing out, the latest be- 
ing referred to by a lumber journal as fol- 
lows : 

La Crosse will not much longer be a lumber 
manufacturing point. For 50 years La Crosse 
was a great lumber city. Some of the finest white 
pine logs that ever grew in Wisconsin came down 
the old Black river and were sawed into lumber 
here. The lumber went out by rail and, previous 
to the days of railroads, by rafts, down the river 
to wholesale points. Those were busy days for 
this old town. Still, with the lumber manufactur- 
ing gone, other things have come to take its place, 
and La Crosse 'to-day is a more solid and sub- 
stantial city than ever before. It is a practical 
illustration of the changes that are bound to 
come to all the Northern Wisconsin lumber towns 
of to-day, and if they all fare as well as La Crosse 
there can be no cause for complaint. 

There will be no more logging of any import- 
ance done on Black river. The Black River Im- 
provement Company has disposed of its interests 
to A. S. Trow & Co., who will hereafter personally 
take care of what logs they have coming down the 
river and those in the water belonging to other 
concerns. The next season will probably see all 
these logs down and sawed at La Crosse. What 
remains is mostly a few million feet of hemlock 
logs. The last white pine sawing will be done next 
year by the C. L. Colman Lumber Company. . . . 

On another page the coming change is 
foreshadowed as follows : 

While yellow pine and the Pacific coast woods 
are encroaching on the old white pine territory, 
the producers of the latter can comfort them- 
selves with the reflection that their own home 
demand is fast increasing. The rapid settle- 

ment of Minnesota and Northern Wisconsin 
and parts of Michigan, and the development of 
local industries, are annually requiring not only a 
much larger portion of the total lumber product of 
those States, but a much greater actual quantity. 
The time is not far distant when there will be 
what is practically a local demand for nearly the 
entire product. 

The following editorial comment on the 
growing use of hard wood is also signifi- 

The present value of hard wood lumber, and 
particularly the value of hard wood stumpage, rests 
essentially on the same grounds on which have 
been established higher bases of value for South- 
ern pine and Pacific coast timbers, namely, the 
waning supply • of Northern pine. As white pine 
has become higher in price, substitutes have been 
sought, and while these have been found largely 
in other soft woods, hard woods also have con- 
tributed in no small degree. 

In the year covered by the census reports, 1899, 
the hard wood output of the country was just 
about one-third that of the soft woods. It is 
probable that if a census could be taken for 1902 
it would be found that the hard wood product 
might be two-fifths that of the conifers. . 

It may be objected that the hard wood forests 
are disappearing as rapidly as those of pine. It is 
doubtful, however, if this be true, and certainly 
it is not true as regards many of the hard woods. 
They cover, more or less densely or mixed with 
coniferous growth, a large portion of the timbered 
area of the country. From the great lakes South 
to the Gulf States hard wood is the prevailing 
growth. Broad leaved trees are found mixed in 
larger or smaller proportions with the conifers in 
most States where the latter are the leading 

Some hard woods have been nearly wiped out. 
Such are walnut and cherry. Others have only 
begun to be utilized, like gum. It is probable that 
the present drain on the hard wood resources of 
the country will be met for a much longer period 
than will that on the pine resources, except on the 
Pacific coast, where the timber is almost entirely 
coniferous, and where, by its location, the conifer- 
ous woods lumber industry will be prolonged for 

The confidence in the holding out of 
these other resources to supply our present 
enormous demand is not based on safe 

The same number of this trade journal 
contains reflections by a contributor which 
are worth quoting in this connection : 

Few of the retail dealers appear to take any 
interest in the timber supply of the country. 
The merchant, as a rule, studies this subject less 
than the manufacturer. Let the saw mill man 
worry over the ammunition for his old mill! The 
yard man will buy one kind of lumber as long as 
he can get it and then he will buy some other 
kind. The merchant is the dispenser to the people, 
not the producer, and he most interests himself 
with his own line of work. Our lumber supply 
years hence will come from the West coast. Get 




white pine, as a finish, out of the way; as di- 
mension get hemlock out of the way; let our hard 
woods, in a larger measure than now, become ex- 
hausted, the beginning of the end of the Southern 
pine in sight, and what kind of an advantage do 
you think those West coast lumbermen will take 
of us? Shrewd white pine operators have bought 
billions of feet of timber, are buying it right 
along, and they are not in a hurry to manufacture 
it. It will be the last chance, and that means high 

In the light of these statements, coming 
from a trade journal that had always pooh- 
poohed the idea of waning supplies, the 
forest reservation policy of the Federal 
government and of the single State govern- 
ments should be as rapidly as possible ex- 
tended and the lumbermen should soon 
be made to see that there is need of look- 
ing out not so much for their future as the 
future of the community at large. Says 
the same trade journal: 

Lumbermen who contemplate operating on gov- 
ernment forest reserves are somewhat appalled by 
the following requirements embodied in their con- 
tracts with the government, backed by a bond: 

I will pay in advance for all timber before cut- 
ting same. I promise to pay for all timber and 
material used in the construction of shanties or 
buildings of any kind; also for material used in 
the construction of skidways, corduroy, log roads, 
bridges and other improvements. I promise to 
leave no skids, logways, shanties, corduroy or 
other timbers I have used in the woods, and to 
haul bodily all tree tops and debris to the pre- 
scribed openings in the woods for burning. ] 
promiseto cut all tree tops into cordwood to blank 
inches in diameter, and see that no lodged trees 
are left behind. 

There is no question that the observance of this 
regulation will assist the growth of the young 
timber and leave the reserves in fine shape, but 
the expense will make competition with ordinary 
logging operations almost impossible. 

It is better that the lumbermen be some- 
what appalled and perhaps be deterred 
from entering into such contracts until the 
need of looking after reproduction is thor- 
oughly recognized by them, than to sacri- 
fice the relatively small quantities of virgin 
timber now in the hands of the govern- 


While our legitimate needs for wood ma- 
terials are large enough to make every foot 
of timber precious, we continue to allow 
wanton and negligent destruction by fire to 
decimate our supplies. The field agent of 
the forestry department of the Interior De- 
partment estimates that the forest fires 
which raged on the Pacific coast last Sep- 
tember caused a total loss of $12,767,100, 
of which $3,910,000 fell to Oregon. This 
includes the value of timber, farm property 
and saw mills and their products which 
were destroyed. Owing to its nearness to 
market, however, much of the burned tim- 
ber in Oregon will be saved, reducing the 
total loss as above set forth. It was found 
that 86 Oregon families were rendered 

homeless, while 200 others suffered partial 
losses. In that State, farm property worth 
$315,000 was burned, and saw mills suf- 
fered losses aggregating $149,000. It is es- 
timated that 2,124,000,000 feet of standing 
timber went up in smoke in Oregon, large- 
ly Douglas fir, spruce, cedar and hemlock. 
The total loss in timber alone was over 
$3,000,000. In all, 170,000 acres were burned 
over, all of which, save 50,000, were well 

In Washington 434,000 acres were burned 
over. The timber was fully as heavy as 
the Oregon timber, and of better quality. 
It is estimated that 5,026,800,000 feet of 
Douglas spruce alone was killed, represent- 
ing a value of $5,026,800. Other timber to 
the value of $725,000 was destroyed. The 
total loss in Cowlitz, Clark and Skamania 
counties, where the fires were most disas- 
trous, was $6,600,000, and in the other 
burned areas, $2,256,300. 


In his recent message to Congress, Presi- 
dent Roosevelt, in speaking of forests, graz- 
ing and irrigation in our West, recom- 
mends that "in view of the capital import- 
ance of these matters, they be given 
the earnest consideration of Congress; and 
if the Congress finds difficulty in dealing 
with them from lack of thorough knowledge 
of the subject, that provision be made for 
a commission of experts specially to invest- 
igate and report upon .the complicated ques- 
tions involved." 

In referring to Alaska he says : "The 
forests of Alaska should be protected, and 
as a secondary but still important matter, 
the game also. At the same time it is im- 
perative that the settlers should be allowed 
to cut timber under public regulations for 
their own use." 

Of great importance in this connection 
is the forest reservation which has been re- 
cently established in Alaska. The whole of 
the magnificent Alexander Archipelago was 
set aside as a forest reserve on the 20th of 
August, 1902. This contains 4,506,240 acres. 
The Afognak Forest and Fish Culture Re- 
serve, which was set aside on the 24th of 
December, 1892, contains 403,640 acres, and 
covers the whole of the island of Afognak 
with adjacent islands and rocks. There 
are thus almost 5,000,000 acres of reserved 
land in Alaska. Afognak island is practi- 
cally the Northern limit of the Coast For- 

The bulk of the forest of Alexander 
Archipelago consists of Sitka spruce and 
the coast hemlock. The forest is dense only 
here and there. The timber is of medium 
quality and the islands are so rough and 
rocky that lumbering would be difficult and 
probably unprofitable. 


" What a Man Eats He Zr." 

Edited by C. F. LangwoIithy, Ph.D. 

Author of " On Citraconic, Itaconic and Mesaconic Acids," " Fish as Food," etc. 


The French call truffles "kitchen dia- 
monds, le diamant de la cuisine," a title 
which, in the opinion of French cooks, they 
deserve, on account of their perfection for 
culinary purposes. Truffles are a species 
of edible fungi which develop under 
ground. They could not be readily found 
by ordinary means, and, therefore, are 
hunted with the aid of pigs and dogs which 
are trained to search for them, being guid- 
ed, probably, by their sense of smell. 

According to a recent writer "truffles are 
still considered a great luxury, although 
they are comparatively cheap to what they 
were 60 years ago. Until within 50 years, 
the civilized world did practically without 
this luxury, which was, however, known 
and appreciated by the Romans. Brillat- 
Savarin, in his famous work, says that from 
the time of the Romans to the beginning of 
the 19th century there was a long inter- 
regnum, and that the resurrection of the 
truffle was then quite recent. The popu- 
larity of truffles is not confined to France 
alone, for they are much used and highly 
esteemed as a great delicacy throughout 
Europe and America. The finest specimens 
are found in France. Those found in some 
parts of England are of an inferior color 
and quality to those obtained from France, 
and in consequence command only a low 
price. The part of France known as the 
Department of the Vaucluse, situated in 
the Southeastern part of the country, be- 
tween the Alps and the mouth of the Rhone, 
is the chief truffle-growing center. There 
the annual output averages 900,000 pounds. 
The season commences in November and 
ends in March, and the old town of Carpen- 
tras is the principal truffle market. The 
sales begin about 7 o'clock in the morning 
on market days, and much of the business 
is done in a large cafe, where the wine 
growers also meet to bargain for vine roots.. 

"In former years truffles were, not culti- 
vated. The peasants of the neighborhood 
went out to seek them wherever by chance 
they could be found. Pigs and dogs are 
trained to hunt for the truffles, which have 
a pungent odor appealing to the animals' 
sense of smell. Pigs especially enjoy the 
delicacy, and care has to be taken that they 
do not devour what they find. The method 
employed is for the truffle hunter to go out 
accompanied by a pig and carrying 2 bags, 

one empty for truffles, and the other con- 
taining acorns. When a place is reached 
where truffles are to be found the pig digs 
a large hole with its snout, scattering the 
earth and stones right and left. The hunter 
keeps close watch, and as soon as a truffle 
is found gives the animal a tap on the 
snout, takes the truffle, and replaces it by 
putting a few acorns in front of the pig, 
which are eaten instead. Young pigs be- 
gin their education in truffle hunting when 
a month old. They then accompany their 
mothers. After a time some pigs get to be 
so well trained that they will dig, find the 
truffle, seize it in their teeth, and throw it 
on one side ; but such well educated animals 
are to be found only on artificial farms. 
Two large sows have been known to find 
50 pounds of truffles, valued at $120, in 
4 hours. 

"Dogs are also trained and used instead 
of pigs.. They go more quickly and are 
easier to lead and manage. Basset hounds 
and sheep dogs are principally used, but 
as they only point at the truffles and do not 
dig, they are chiefly employed by young 
men, who do the digging. Old men, wom- 
en and children hunt with the pigs. 

"In former years the idea of cultivating 
truffles would have been scouted. It was 
discovered one day by an enterprising farm- 
er in the neighborhood of Carpentras, that 
truffles grew only under a certain species 
of oak. He picked the acorns off these 
trees and sowed them in November, close 
together, in furrows about 6 yards apart, 
and running from North to South. Moder- 
ate warmth is necessary for the production 
of truffles, and not too much humidity or 
too great dryness. The object of sowing 
the acorns so close together was that, as 
they always attract rats, a great number 
would be destroyed, and the young plants 
could easily be thinned as they grew. The 
plot of ground selected was not favorable 
for grain, and had never returned more 
than $20 an acre. As truffles do not pro- 
duce any results for 6 to 10 years after the 
planting of the oak trees, the farmer planted 
vines between the furrows, which produced 
sufficient fruit to more than pay the cost 
of culture. At the end of 10 years the 
vines were choked by the roots of the oaks. 
Great care must be taken not to put manure 
near the roots of the trees, for that would 
be fatal to the truffles,," 




Professor M. A. Scovell, in speaking of 
the color in foods says : 

"Certain colors are associated with the 
different foods and their condition. Boiled 
flour, granulated sugar and starch are 
white. Fruits present different shades of 
color by means of which the ripeness of 
the respective fruit is judged. Pears, 
peaches, and apples, grapes and berries 
show varying shades of red, purple and 
y How. The richness of milk is sometimes 
judged by the yellow tinge from the glo- 
bules of butter fat it contains. Fresh 
meats have a color distinct from that of 
spoiled meats. Vegetables, pickles, and 
some other foods of a similar character 
are green, or they present their individual 
garden color. 

Tn the market, foods are selected large- 
ly by their color. At the table, the eye 
aids the taste in pleasing the senses. Color, 
therefore, is an important factor in foods, 
and when the natural color is wanting, or 
condemns the article, the manufacturer 
supplies it artificially, or changes it to the 
color of a better article. 

"Pastry and confectionery are colored, 
and the uses of artificial coloring matters 
that are harmless seem legitimate under 
proper restrictions in this class of foods. 
Many foods have their colors changed in 
the process of preservation, and the manu- 
facturers seek to restore the original by 
adding some artificial coloring matter, as is 
especially the case with fruit products. 
When green vegetables are canned, their 
colors are preserved or set with copper, 
zinc, lead or alum; thus the green of peas, 
beans and pickles is kept from changing to 
unappetizing shades when they are canned. 

"Artificial coloring matters are employed 
to cover deficiencies and to make the imi- 
tation appear like real. Skimmed milk is 
colored in order that it may appear rich ; 
spirit vinegar is colored in imitation of ci- 
der vinegar, and artificial jellies are colored 
to the respective shades of the fruits they 
are labeled to have been made from. 
When artificial coloring matter is used to 
such an extent, or of such a poisonous char- 
acter that the purity of the food is sacri- 
ficed for appearance, such use should be 
prohibited. When color is used to cover 
defects, inferiorities, or to imitate, its use 
is a fraud." 

In every case, in samples of food recently 
examined, where the Kentucky law does 
not prohibit coloring matter on account of 
its poisonous character or fraudulent in- 
tent, the law commands that its use shall 
be made known to the customer and con- 
sumer. The artificial coloring matters 
found were mostly the aniline dyes, of 
which there are many forms. These dyes 
are made from coal tar products. 


Reading an article in December Recrea- 
tion on the value of sawdust as a food for 
cattle reminds me of an incident that is 
said to have occurred to one of my fellow 
townsmen. Not being addicted to hard 
work he wished to make some money in 
the easiest possible way. The idea occur- 
red to him that if he would start a hen- 
nery, the hens could lay the eggs, the 
children could gather them and he would 
exert himself enough to market them. 
After he had secured some hens it dawned 
on his bright intellect that he had not taken 
into consideration the question of food for 
the fowls. If he had to buy that it would 
make great inroads on the gross profits 
of the business. He therefore bought a 
small batch of second rate wheat, went to 
a sawmill near, and gathered a sack of 
sawdust, which he toted home. He then 
began feeding the fowls a mixture of wheat 
and sawdust, at first putting in but a small 
portion of the cheaper commodity, but each 
day decreasing the quantity of wheat and 
increasing the quantity of sawdust until 
finally the wheat was abandoned entirely 
and those overworked hens had a regular 
diet of sawdust 3 times a day. Strange to 
relate they seemed to thrive amazingly. 

About the time he had taught the hens 
to live exclusively on sawdust, he realized 
that he could make more money by incu- 
bating the eggs and marketing broilers. 
Accordingly as soon as he could persuade 
one of the hens to set he put 13 eggs under 
her. He then awaited the process of incuba- 
tion, which though slow was sure of results. 

On the expiration of the requisite num- 
ber of days, he repaired to the smokehouse, 
where he had installed mother hen, and 
yanking her off the nest discovered that 
she had performed her part well. The 
eggs had hatched out 2 clothespins, 9 cro- 
quet balls and one' jumping jack. 

E. M. Dorsey, Alton, 111. 

"Pop," said Farmer Korntop's boy insin- 
uatingly, as he leaned on his hoe, "Tommy 
Perkins says the fish are bitin' right lively 
up the creek today." 

"Well," replied the old man, "you tell 
him if he'll come over here an* help you 
with yer hoein' " 

"Yes, sir." 

"They won't git a chanst to bite him." — 
Philadelphia Press. 

An old man was troubled with gout, and 
a cheap wine merchant sent him some 
sherry which he warranted as a specific. 
Some time after, the dealer received this 
acknowledgment : "Sir, I have tasted your 
wine, and I prefer the gout." — Exchange. 


The E. Smith Indian Post Trading 
Company, of Detroit, Mich., makes a re- 
markable offer in its ad in this issue of 
Recreation to lovers of Indian goods. It 
will pay every reader of Recreation to ex- 
amine and consider this ad carefully. The 
Navajo Indians are becoming so rapidly 
civilized that it is difficult to get any of 
them to make the blankets or other goods 
which they formerly made for their own 
use. The white man supplies them with 
good, warm blankets at nominal prices, and 
few of the Indians are sufficiently enter- 
prising or industrious to be willing to 
spend weeks or months in weaving their 
native blankets, even for sale. No doubt 
the time will soon come when none of these 
people can be induced to do this work. 
Therefore persons who want genuine Nav- 
ajo blankets must buy them in the near fu- 
ture. No such offer as that made by the 
Smith Trading Co. has ever before been 
announced, and probably will not be here- 
after. Therefore if you want a Navajo 
blanket you should take advantage of the 
present opportunity. In ordering please 
mention Recreation. 


The Keystone Watch-Case Co., of Phila- 
delphia, whose advertisement appears else- 
where in this issue, is sending out to appli- 
cants an illustrated booklet of 34 pages 
which is one of the most artistic of the 
year. It exploits the merits of the Jas. 
Boss Stiffened Gold Case — relates its his- 
tory, explains its construction, tells how to 
identify it and warns against the substitu- 
tion of a "just as good." A folder in the 
back of the book illustrates some of the 
patterns in which the case is made. 

The unusual quality of the engraving and 
printing in this booklet, the harmony in its 
color scheme and its artistic excellence 
throughout, no less than the quality of its 
reading matter, will well repay those who 
send for it. It is sent free, on application 
to The Keystone Watch Case Co., Phila- 

When you ask for it please mention 

C. B. Ryan, G. P. A. Seaboard Air Line 
R. R., Portsmouth, Va., has issued 3 beau- 
tiful pamphlets entitled "The Land of 
Manatee.'' These describe and illustrate 
that section of Florida lying along the 
West coast and adjacent to the Manatee 
river. Book No. 1 deals with the ancient 
and modern -history of that region; No. 2 

with the fruit and vegetable interests, and 
No. 3 is designed for the information of 
tourists, sportsmen and investors. The 
books are all beautifully illustrated and 
may properly be classed as choice speci- 
mens of high art printing. They would 
easily be worth 50 cents a copy in the book 
trade, merely for the pictures, but may be 
had free of charge by writing Mr. Ryan 
and mentioning Recreation. 

You should read the ad of W. H. Jones 
& Co. on the 2d page of cover of this issue 
of Recreation, especially if you use wines 
and liquors. If you are buying goods in 
this line, you may just as well have the 
best the market affords, when you can buy 
pure, high grade goods on mail orders 
cheaper than you can buy at home. 

Jones & Co. make a series of special 
offers in this issue of Recreation that 
should certainly appeal to every reader 
who likes good wine or good whiskey. 
Read the ad carefully, and I can promise 
you that if you order goods from these 
people you will be fairly and honorably 
dealt with. In writing please mentios 

Woodstock, N. Y. 
Northern Rubber Co., 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

Dear Sirs — I have had occasion to use 
the Banner rubber coat while making a 5 
mile drive in an open wagon through a 
pouring rain and wind. There was not 
the slightest dampness on the inside of 
the coat and I was as dry as a powder 

I can safely say to the L. A. S. mem- 
bers, "If you want a good coat at a reason- 
able price buy one of the Northern Rub- 
ber Co." Sincerely yours, 

W. S. Mead, L. A. S. 136. 

The Baker Gun and Forging Co., Batavia, 
N. Y., has been extending its plant to meet 
the requirements of increased business, 
and now hopes to be able to keep close up 
to its orders for goods. The Company 
turned out a number of special high finish- 
ed guns for the holiday trade. The Baker 
Gun enjoys an excellent reputation among 
lovers of fine shooting arms. Some 
of the guns now in process of making com- 
bine with the best known materials a high 
degree of ornate decoration. Any shooter 
who would like to know all about these 
guns should write for the latest Baker cata- 
logue and should mention Recreation. 




The Savage Arms Co. has issued a beau- 
tiful calendar for 1903, and Mr. Savage 
writes that although a large edition of it 
was printed, the supply is already exhaust- 
ed. The picture on the calendar is an at- 
tractive one and nearly every sportsman 
who saw an advanced copy of it, fell over 
himself in his efforts to get one. As a 
result the whole lot was cleaned out before 
the company really got ready to announce 
the calendar. I regret this, for there are 
thousands of hunters who would like to 
have had a Savage calendar for 1903. I 
trust that next year the company may print 
enough calendars to go around. 

The Marble Safety Axe Company is still 
extending its lines of goods rapidly. Its 
latest device for sportsmen is a safety 
pocket knife, which is advertised in this is- 
sue of Recreation. This is an article 
sportsmen have long needed, and I am glad 
Marble has provided for supplying the de- 
mand. His goods are made to use and to 
keep, and any man who buys one of his 
knives will be careful not to lose it. Send 
for a circular of this latest invention, and 
I feel confident that the next thing you do 
after reading the description will be to or- 
der one of the knives. When writing please 
mention Recreation. 

The Audubon calendar for 1903, issued 
by the Massachusetts Audubon Society, 
consists of 6 beautiful plates, each show- 
ing a reproduction of an important species 
of New England bird. These plates are 
printed in the exact natural colors of the 
different species and the drawings are 
scientifically accurate. Every bird lover 
should have a copy of this attractive calen- 
dar. The price is 50 cents and all orders 
should be addressed to Miss Harriet E. 
Richards, Secretary, 234 Berkeley St., Bos- 
ton, Mass. 

Messrs. Maher & Grosh, 
Toledo, Ohio. 
Some 10 to 12 years since I purchased 
of you by mail order the finest bit of steel 
it has ever been my good luck to own. I 
•have often inquired of dealers for your 
goods but have never been able to procure 
any. I therefore ask you to send me as 
soon as convenient your catalogue of knives, 
cutlery, etc., and oblige, 

S. E. Howkos, Douglas, Alaska. 

Hoboken, N. J. 
Century Camera Co.: 

I received one of your cameras for getting 
subscriptions to Recreation, and am more 
than pleased with it. I have used it under 
all conditions and can not make a failure 

with a Century. All my work is done from 
a passenger train, running 45 miles an hour.. 
I even obtained a fair photo at 6:30 a. m. 
one day last week. 

Chas. Doell, Conductor O. & W. Ry. 

D. M. Lefever Sons & Co. have issued 
their new catalogue for 1903, and among 
the many interesting things in it are the 
description and illustration of the Lefever 
single trigger device. This is one of the 
many labor saving and time saving inven- 
tions of the 20th Century, and all progres- 
sive shooters will be interested in knowing 
about it. A postal card will get you a copy 
of the catalogue if you mention Recrea- 

J. H. Barlow, manager of the Ideal 
Manufacturing Company, New Haven, 
Conn., has issued a book entitled Hints on 
Loading and Reloading Shot Gun Shells, 
which is full of valuable data. Anything 
that Barlow does not know of this subject 
is not worth while, and the thousands of 
sportsmen in the country who are seeking 
information on these lines, should write 
him for a copy of this new book. 

Malone, N. Y. 
Drs. Phillips & Wrean, 
Penn Yan, N. Y. 
I received the hares and am more than 
pleased with them. They are of a better 
breed and larger than I expected to receive 
for the money. I shall probably buy more 
in the future. Thanking you for your 
promptness in filling my order, I remain, 

Geo. Frechette. 

New York. 
Messrs. Wing & Son: 

Your superb instrument has more than 
pleased me. I heartily recommend it to 
prospective buyers as a perfect piano, both 
for tone and workmanship. Yours, 

Anthony Pinto, 
Leader Orchestra Grand Hotel. 

The 9th annual sportsmen's show is an- 
nounced to be held at Madison Square 
Garden, New York, February 21 to March 
7, 1903. The management promises to build 
this show on broad and progressive lines ; 
to make it at least equal to the 1902 show, 
and even superior to that in some respects. 

Des Moines, Iowa. 
West End Furniture Co., 

Dear Sirs : — I am much pleased with my 
gun cabinet and it is entirely satisfactory in 
every way. Yours truly, 

R. H. MacMullen. 


Doctor and Mrs. James Martin, of Bos- 
ton, camped near Spednic lake, Maine, in 
October last to hunt bear. A dispatch 
from Vanceboro states that Mrs. Martin 
occasionally hunted over the line into New 
Brunswick. On her return from one of 
these trips she encountered a bull moose 
which she says disputed the trail with 
her. She tried to "shoo" him away, but 
he would not be "shooed." She said he 
came at her and she climbed a tree to get 
out of his way. Stranger still, she claims 
to have taken her rifle up the tree with 
her. The moose still pursued her, and she 
says that in order to save her life she re- 
luctantly shot and killed him. When sure 
he was dead she came down, and darkness 
having come down too, she started to build 
a fire near the carcass of the moose, with a 
view to camping there over night. A 
search party found her, and later a New 
Brunswick game warden found her. She 
was taken into court and fined $100 for 
killing a moose without first having taken 
out a hunting license. This story will 
prove highly amusing to all who know the 
wild, timid nature of the moose. 

The proposed Post Check Currency 
would do away with the cumbrous money 
order machinery. A man can make out 
his order wherever he likes and it is pay- 
able only to the person designated. It 
saves time, expense and loss and is at once 
the most convenient, practical and sensible 
measure the wit of man has yet devised. 
One would think that its simplicity and 
safety would commend it at once to the* 
postal authorities, but men in official posi- 
tion become so attached to old methods 
that they insensibly cling to them and per- 
sistently fight all innovations. It is pre- 
cisely this class of men that the Post Check 
system has had to fight, but the members 
of Congress ought to be above such petty 
and feeble considerations. They ought to 
regard the measure as one fraught with 
inestimable benefit to the business inter- 
ests of the country. I trust Congress may 
look at this from the high plane of states- 
manship and not be influenced by the ob- 
jections of interested parties. 

That President Roosevelt reads Recre- 
ation carefully is shown by the following 
extract from his recent message to Con- 
gress : 

Legislation should be provided for 
the protection of the game, and the 

wild creatures generally, on the forest 
reserves. The senseless slaughter of 
game, which can by judicious protec- 
tion be permanently preserved on our 
national reserves for the people as a 
whole, should be stopped at once. It 
is, for instance, a serious count against 
our national good sense to permit the 
present practice of butchering such a 
stately and beautiful creature as the 
elk for its antlers or tusks. 

Such an appeal as this from the Presi- 
dent should remove all objection to Con- 
gressman Lacey's timber reserve bill, and 
it should be passed by the present Congress. 

Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., has 
lately established a Department of Arch- 
aeology, and has appointed W. K. Moore- 
head, an old time contributor to Recre- 
ation and a thorough sportsman and scien- 
tist, as curator. Mr. Moorehead invites 
readers of Recreation to send him any 
Indian relics they may have which they do 
not care to keep. These will be safely stored 
in the Academy Museum, labeled with the 
names of the donors, and further credit 
will be given in the annual reports of the 
Academy. Stone or copper axes, pipes, spear 
heads, vessels, and all kinds of bead work, 
etc., are desired and will be thankfully 

Some weak kneed man writes from 
Lockport, N. Y., to Secretary Rice a tale 
of woe about game law violations, and says 
he would like to have the League prosecute 
the offenders. He had not the courage to 
sign his name to his letter, so it went into 
the waste basket, where many anonymous 
communications go every day. All readers 
of Recreation should have learned by this 
time that no communication can be con- 
sidered in this office unless it be signed by 
the writer. Names of complainants are 
held confidential in all cases where re- 
quested, but I must know from whom a re- 
port comes before I can act on it. 

Recreation reaches me regularly, and I 
watch anxiously for it as for the coming 
of an old friend. The August number 
was on the ill-fated "Morgan City," which 
sank off the coast of Japan. But not even 
old ocean could keep Recreation from me. 
After a delay of 3 weeks I received it, in 
readable condition, though wet, and smell- 
ing of bilge water. 

Recreation is the best magazine I 
ever read. A. L. Martin, Otego, N.Y. 




I once knew an old man who had crossed 
the plains in '49 and liked nothing better 
than to tell of his adventures with wild 
beasts and wilder men during that eventful 
journey and during his boyhood days in the 
East. His favorite story and one he often 
repeated, though it generally varied in the 
telling, was as follows : 

"When I was 20 years old I hired out to 
a Mr. Hill, for whom I worked nearly 3 
years. His farm was a large clearing near 
the Southern edge of an immense forest that 
stretched miles Northward and was full of 
wild game of all kinds ; while occasionally 
a small band of Redskins was to be met 
on their way from the Canada line to the 
settlements South of us to trade their furs 
for powder, bullets, tobacco, and firewater. 

"During the winter we used to hunt and 
trap in those woods, and there I killed my 
first deer. It was in mid-summer and the 
killing was done in a peculiar manner. 

"One day in July, with the mercury at 
100 in the shade, old man Hill told me to 
go down to the North meadow and com- 
mence mowing, while he and his son fin- 
ished hauling in the hay from the South 
meadow. I shouldered my scythe and with 
a whetstone in my hip pocket and a jug of 
water under my arm, started briskly, whist- 

"When I had reached the meadow and 
hidden the jug under a rock where the 
water would keep cool, I whetted my scythe 
and began mowing the timothy that stood 
higher than my head. I had worked some 
time and had a lot of grass down when I 
stopped to take a drink. The day was so 
hot that, although I wore only a thin shirt 
and pants, with a broad brimmed straw hat 
and no shoes, I was nearly done up and 
sat down to rest. Just then I saw some 
berries in the fence corner and commenced 
picking and eating them. It didn't take 
long to finish those berries, and I was look- 
ing for more when I heard a crash in 
the bushes and the next instant an im- 
mense buck came flying out of the woods 
and over the fence, through the tall grass 
toward me. He did not see ine until he 
was within 10 feet of me. Then he whirled 
with a snort and disappeared in the forest. 

"I was too quick for him. As he turned, 
I flung the scythe at him with all my 
strength. It struck him on the flank and 
cut a gash in his flesh, not deep enough, 
however, to stop him. He disappeared in 
the thick forest. 

"I ran to the house, snatched old 
man Hill's muzzle loading rifle from the 
pegs and started in swift pursuit. Reach- 
ing the place where I had wounded the deer 

I leaped over the fence and started rapidly 
on his trail. 

"A light snow was falling and the earth 
was covered to a depth of 6 inches, while 
every few feet was a big splash of blood 
from the wound. Tracking was easy and 
before 15 minutes had elapsed I came in 
sight of the deer, which had lain down in 
the snow. Seeing me he sprang to his feet 
and started off with great speed before I 
was within range. This he repeated until 
the loss of blood began to tell on him, when 
I finally managed to bring him down with 
a bullet in the shoulder. 

"Drawing my hunting knife, I bled him, 
and then commenced dressing the carcass 
and preparing the skin and choicest parts 
for carrying home. This took quite a 
while, but I finally finished my task and 
started for home, with the venison on my 
back. In the excitement of following the 
deer, however, I had lost all track of time 
and found myself a long distance from the 
farm. It was nearly sunset and the wind 
was blowing a gale, while the snow was 6 
feet on the level, and coming down in great 
flakes. The air was cold and piercing, 
but I was warmly clad in furs and wool- 
ens and sped rapidly along on my snow- 
shoes. After 2 hours' swift walking I 
reached tne farm, hearing the blood curd- 
ling howls of wolves and the occasional 
scream of a panther in the forest around 
me. I climbed in safety, however, over the 
fence to where I had left my scythe. Pick- 
in?- it up, I started for the house, where I 
found the Hills, who had just brought in 
the last load of hay from the field and were 
abou to go in search of me. 

"With their assistance I finished dress- 
ing the venison, as well as I could in the 
face of mosquitoes that nearly ate us up. 
Mosquitoes were thick in the woods dur- 
ing the summer, and immense ones, too, 
twice as large as those we have here. 

"That was my first deer. I have shot 
many since, and buffalo and grizzlies, too; 
but I have never felt so proud of them 
as of the deer I killed with a scythe." 

Recreation has taken all the game hog 
out of me. I try to induce others to read 
your excellent magazine. 

R. E. Bassett, Bassett, N. J. 

I would rather do without all other mag- 
azines than give up Recreation. 

Dr. G. C. Fordham, Watkins, N. Y. 

A fair exchange is no robbery, unless 
it be a church fair. — Life. 




The water used in SCHLITZ Beer 
comes from six wells, driven down to 

The barley is the finest grown, selected 
personally by a partner in our concern. 

The hops come mostly from Bohemia, 
and cost twice what common hops cost. 

Every process of the brewing- is in 
personal charge of two of the brothers 
who own the business. 

All the air that touches SCHLITZ 
Beer is filtered. Every drop of 
SCHLITZ Beer is filtered through 
masses of white wood pulp. 

Every bottle is cleaned by machinery 
four times before using. 

After the bottle is filled and sealed, it 
is sterilized for lj^ hours by the process 
of M. Pasteur. 

Common beer can be brewed for half the cost of 
SCHLITZ ; but our extra cost is all spent to insure abso- 
lute purity. Yet common beer and SCHLITZ Beer cost 
you the same. Why not get the best for your money ? 

Ask for the Brewery Bottling. 





With C, his partner S., his dog Julius 
'Caesar, and an outfit of traps, jack, etc., I 
dropped off the West edge of Horse mesa 
into the valley of a branch of the Rio 
de Alamos, Mexico, and made the first 
camp. We trapped the canyons near the 
higher country 3 weeks with moderate suc- 
cess. C. and S, killed the only bear at 
that camp, a female of good size. She trod 
on the pan of one of C's home-made traps, 
and after a few jumps broke the swivel. 
Thus released she mad'' 2 or 3 miles into 
rough country ; but th( re were good trail- 
ers behind her and th ^ugh she held up 
the trap, they followed ti e sign and shot 

As bear sign was not abundant, I decid- 
ed that the animals must be lower down. 
Lions were abundant, however. We caught 
6 at the first camp, and more were seen in 
the open. A lion in a 17-pound trap is 
tame sport. They are cowards at best, and 
could be killed with a club. They snarl 
and growl, but do not relish a fight, and 
show no desire to attack man. The worst 
scrapper among them was a young 
spotted kitten about the size of a bobcat. 
He was caught in a No. 3 trap, and was 
held by 2 toes. Fearing he might 
break loose, and not wishing to shoot him 
full of holes, I tossed a small rope ovei his 
head. I easily caught him ; but after that 
I had to step high and lively until I had 
him hanging from a limb. This lion was 
of a new species recently described by 
a Washington naturali<\, ;nd was a most 
beautiful animal. 

A hasty trip about 10 miles down the 
stream revealed fresh sign of bear, so we 
moved camp and traps. I set 2 traps while 
C. and S. toted the outfit. Nex' morning 
I staid in camp to clean some skins, think- 
ing, of course, that my traps set the day 
before would have caught nothing. 

C. and S., with a pack of traps and bait, 
left early to visit my traps, ar 1 set more. 
The first trap was gone. They struck the 
trail before they reached the place of the 
setting, and following it about a mile, came 
upon the biggest bear they had ever seen.. 
C. shot him at about 100 yards, killing him 
instantly. The boys did not care to go 
nearer to see whether he would fight or 
not. Later in the day, C. found the car- 
cass of a 5-year old steer, which several 
bears were feeding on. They had dragged 
the steer about 100 feet. A trap was set, 
and we visited it the next day. 

It was a long ride to the setting, and the 
skinning of a few foxes and a bobcat de- 
layed us ; but when we neared the spot we 
found fresh bear tracks leading toward it. 
A little nearer we saw where a bear had 
left the country on a dead run. We de- 
cided our game had been scared, and that 

the traps would be empty. Leaving our 
horses on the hill we entered the little can- 
yon, and found one trap gone and the 
other sprung. The track was that of a 
good sized bear, and as the country was 
rough, we trailed afoot. Caesar, who is a 
slow trailer, led out and we followed 
closely. A mile and a half we trudged 
after that bear. How she could drag a 17- 
pound trap with a 75-pound pole, I do not 
know ; but she seemed to do it easily 
enough. The trail led to the foot of a 
brushy mountain. I looked but could see 
nothing in- the oak shrub, so kept the trail. 
Ten feet farther I heard the bear breathe. 
The dog had not seen nor winded her; but 
he heard her and into the brush he went. 
They came out together, and I shot her at 
20 feet. That is closer than I care to get 
again. The big brutes handle the trap and 
themselves too well to suit me. This was 
an old female. They are smaller than the 
males, and will not run much over 500 

The largest male silvertip caught had a 
pad just 5 inches wide. A few days aft. r 
the capture of the female above mentioned, 
a monster bear made a visit to the steer, 
and springing the traps, ate his fill and 
departed.. Later he did it again, and then, 
as he never cai-.e back, I presume he turned 
in for a nap. The imprint of his pad meas- 
ured 6 inch s wide ; I could not secure a 
good measure of its length. He seemed 
unusually heavy, pushing the dirt away 
down; and his stride was so wide that he 
stepped clear over a trap on one occasion. 

Later, Mr. K., hearing that we were 
catching game, came and camped with us 
a few days. The first day he rode the trap 
line we had a lion and a good sized male 
silvertip. K. shot the lion with his cam- 
era and then with a rifle. As we approach- 
ed the next trap we heard the roaring 
sound made by a mad bear. Bruin had 
gone only 50 yards, had wrapped the chain 
around a stout oak and was fast. As we 
rode up he made a lunge toward us, but 
could not get loose. We dismounted and I 
did the bodyguard act for K. while he, 
with rifle under one arm and camera in the 
other, walked up within 10 steps and pho- 
tographed our game. 

The last bear I did not see. C. and S. 
found him just as he broke loose from the 
trap, and crippled him. He charged. C. 
stuck a shell and S. tried to shoot an 
empty gun ; then they both ran for tall 
timber. The dog held up the bear, or he 
would have got one or both of the men. 
They finally killed him by shooting him 9 
times. I would have given any 10 days of 
life in town to see those scared Mormons 
warming their cold feet. 

The bears trapped, 5 in all, were silver- 
tips; 2 old females, 2 large males, and a 
small male. Eight lions, 1 wolf, 4 cats, 12 
foxes, 38 skunks, an owl, and deer and 
turkeys made up the 6 weeks' bajj- 



HENRY B HYDE, Pounder 






Washington and 

defended and protected their country 
wliile they lived. 

The Father of a family should defend and 
protect his family, not only while he lives 
hut after he dies. 

This can test he accomplished by Life 
Assurance. An Endowment policy in the 
Equitable will protect your family in the 
event of your death, and will provide for 
your own future if you live. 

For full information fill out coupon below. 


Vacancies In every State for men of character to act as re present at Nek. 

Apply to Gage E. Tarbell, 2d VIc»-Prest. 

lieO Broadway, New York. Dept. No. 16 

Please send me information regarding an Endowment for $ 

if issued at years of age. 


Address . 

1 56 



"For sport the lens is better than the gun." 
7 wish to make this department of the utmost 
use to amateurs. I shall, therefore, be glad to 
answer any questions and to print any items sent 
me by practical amateurs relating to their experi- 
ence in photography. 


Once more the hopes of a number of 
enthusiastic amateur photographers are 
realized, and once more a larger number 
are disappointed. This must always be so 
in any competition. As in betting on horse 
races, there must be winners and losers. 
Unfortunately in these photo competitions 
there must be at least 10 losers to one 
winner. This is because I can not afford 
to offer prizes enough to reward all the 
good photographers. 

There were 830 entries in Recreation's 
7th Annual Competition, and I am proud 
to say the pictures, as a whole, ranked 
higher than in any of the 6 previous con- 
tests. As usual, many pictures were en- 
tered that were not quite good enough to 
win ; but the work in this class ranked 
liip her than ever before. 

As in all such contests, many fine pic- 
tures were submitted that did not comp 1 y 
with the conditions, though these have been 
printed in every number of Recreation 
for 6 months past. If photographers would 
only read these printed instructions care- 
fully, they would not send in so many in- 
eligible pictures. For instance, there were 
several groups of pretty children, simply 
posed before the camera as a portrait pho- 
tographer would pose them. There were 
several groups of kittens, and one grono 
of pigs. There were a number of fine pic- 
tures of waterfalls or of mountains. There 
was one view of a flock of sheep, and there 
were 2 or 3 others of herds of cattle. Such 
pictures do not represent any form of in- 
door or outdoor sport or recreation, hence 
could not be considered by the judges in 
awarding prizes. If the people who made 
some of these pictures had turned their 
attention to studies of some form of sport, 
or to wild animals or birds, they might 
to-day be enjoying the distinction of hav- 
ing won good prizes, instead of finding that 
their names are not included in the prize 

The judges in this competition were 
A. S. Higgins, of Higgins & Seiter, glass 
and china ware, New York city; E. R. 
Sanborn, official photographer of the New 
York Zoological Park, and H. C. Christy, 
the famous pastel artist. 

The judges spent 6 hours in assorting 
and classifying the pictures and in placing 
the awards, and it is safe to say no men 
ever studied harder or acted more con- 

scientiously in any such position than 
these men did. They are, therefore, en 
titled to the hearty thanks and approval of 
every contestant, whether he won a prize 
or not- 

The prizes were awarded as follows : 

1 st, A Pair of Lynxes in a Tree, E. J. Kerlee. 
2nd, Group of 4 pictures of White Goats on the 
Rocks, A. M. Collins. 

3rd, Wood Duck Shooting on Squawk Slough, 
R. C. Cameron, on condition that he satisfy the 
judges as to the bird shown in the picture. 

4th, Group of 12 pictures of Live Wild Animals 
and Birds, Dr. J. B. Pardoe. 

5th, Group of 10 pictures of Live Wild Animals 
and Birds, Wm. H. Fisher. 

6th, Group of 6 pictures of Moose, Dr. J. M. 

7th, Mule Deer, W. B. More. 
8th, Group of 6 pictures of Live Wild Birds, 
and of Fishing Scenes, J. E. Stanley. 

Special Prize, Group of 14 pictures of Live 
Wild Animals and Birds, J. E. Tylor. 
9th, Humming Bird, Morey Jamison. 
10th, "We Want our Mudder," G. E. Stro- 

nth, Young Screech Owls, Walter W. Savery. 
12th, Still Life, W. T. Adderley. 
13th, Blue Heron at Home, and A Lazy Fisher- 
man, W. H. Thurston. 

14th, Group of 3 bird pictures, A. L. Prince- 

15th, Black Bear at Home in the Rockies, 
J. Bauer. 

1 6th, Chipmunk and Squirrel, J. Bauer. 
17th, Group of bird pictures, James H. Miller. 
1 8th, Group of bird and chipmunk pictures, R. 
H. Beebe. 

19th, Caught Napping, F. C. Evans. 
20th, Screech Owl and Nighthawk, C. C 

2 1 st, The Lone Fisherman, Gardner Cornett. 
22d, Yellow Bellied Sapsucker and Ruffed 
Grouse, Geo. C. Embody. 

23d, Ruffed Grouse on Nest, A. B. Gunderson. 
24th, On His Favorite Log, E. H. Nelson. 
25th, Curiosity Nearly Satisfied, A. N. Flinn. 
26th, Little Jack, Guy V. Rukke. 
27th, Grey Gopher, H. O. Bjornaas. 
28th, Ruffed Grouse on Nest, E. F. Worcester. 
29th, Preparing Supper, F. A. Burr. 
30th, Home of the Brook Trout, W. S. Kirby. 
31st, A Grand Stand Parry, The Foiled Re- 
poiste, A Narrow Margin, E. R. Logan. 

32d, A Hard One to Land and Duck on Nest, 
Perry Archibald. 

33d, Duck Pointing. Wm. R. Magee. 
34th, A Night in Camp, Chas, B. Wright. 
35th, Three Jolly Tars, E. S. Wilson. 
36th, The Finish at Sundown, The Conspira- 
tors, Right on Time, D. W. Flint. 

37th, Group of s camp pictures, Thos. A. Mor- 

38th, Ruffed Grouse Drumming, David Spence. 

Only 38 prizes were offered in the com- 
petition, but there were so many good pic- 
tures in excess of that number that I 
have decided to award a special prize of a 
yearly subscription to Recreation for each 
of the following: 

39th, A Swan, George C. Hunt. 
40th, The Anxious Moment, Walter C. Nichol. 
41st, Nat, Mrs. W. N. Manchester. 
42d, Salmon Fishing in Newfoundland, Hugh 
H. Fraser. 

Prairie Chickens, Chas. Birgin. 

An Easy Shot, Sydney B. Thomas. 

Swallow's Nest, W. C Webster. 

Young Kingbird, Louis Johnson. 

Caught Napping, F. C. Evans. 

A Wild Calf Moose, Hy. S. Walker, Jr. 



Florida Barred Owl, E. F. Pope. 
Three of a Kind, C. M. Whitney. 
Dangerous Canoeing, C. L. Baer. 
In the Swim, Harry G. Higbee. 
A Happy Family, Harry C. Robinson. 
Resting, Ward A. Baldwin. 
Good Sport for Pickerel, Alex. Berry. 
An Owl, Louis R. Christhief. 
Young Hawks, W. Stark. 
A Moonlight Sail, Thos. J. Curran. 
Dash, Pointing Quail, H. M. Beck. 
Ready to Strike, S. R. Symmes. 
Sportsmen Homeward Bound, Frank G. Rinins- 

An Anxious Moment, B. F. Mahana. 
Gull on Nest, Rev. H. K. Job. 
The Anglers, Dr. G. A. Graham. 
Imitation Duck Shooting, R. C. W. Lett. 
A Day Off, D. H. Day. 

The following were highly commended 
by the judges: 

A Patriarch, name of photographer unknown. 

Nest of Pied-billed Grebe, W. Stark. 
Nest of Green Heron, Mark Williams. 
Water Spider Resting on a Board, Harry G. 

Ready to Strike, Stanley R. Symmes. 

Groundbird's Nest, W. C. Webster. 

Nest and Eggs of Meadow Lark, F. S. Andrus. 

Prairie Chickens, Chas. Birgin. 

Virginia Deer, John W. Jacobs. 

Mother Red Breast at Home, F. W. Wagner. 

Fishing in the Yuba, Edwin R. Jackson. 

A Coiled Rattlesnake, Stanley R. Symmes. 

Bob on Point, Roy B. Hindmarsh. 

Home of a Sandpiper, Mark Williams. 

Steady! (pointing grouse), Roy B. Hindmarsb 

Anchored, A. N. Flinn. 

Catbird's Nest, W. C. Webster. 

A Summer Cottage in the Country, C. M. 

Chestnut-sided Warbler on Nest, Harry G. 

Nest of Sooty Grouse, C. V. Oden. 

Up Hill, C. M. Whitney. 

Please give a formula to prevent films 
from curling. Also for a toning and fixing 
solution. Will it give better results than 
any on the market? 

L. B. Johnson, Clark's Fork, Mo. 


When sufficient glycerine is used films 
will not curl. When the atmosphere is 
dry it may be necessary to use 3 to 4 ounces 
of glycerine to 32 ounces of water. If this 
leaves the negatives greasy, an indication 
that too much glycerine has been used, the 
surplus may be removed by going over the 
negatives quickly with naphtha on a tuft 
of cotton or piece of soft cloth. When not 
printing, store negatives in one of the 
albums made for that purpose by the East- 
man Kodak Co. or in envelopes kept under 
enough pressure to exclude the air. 

Following is formula for a perfect ton- 
ing and fixing solution : 

A. — Hyposulphate of soda 8 ounces 

Alum (crystal) 6 ounces 

> Sugar (granulated) 2 ounces 

Water 80 ounces 

Dissolve in cold water, and when dis- 
solved add borax, 2 ounces ; dissolved in 

hot water, 8 ounces. # Let stand over night 
and decant clear liquid. 

B— Pure chloride of gold 7^ grains 

Or double the quantity of chloride of 

gold and sodium. 
Acetate of lead (sugar of 

lead) 64 grains 

Water 8 ounces 

Solution B should be shaken before using 
and not filtered. 
To tone 15 cabinets take: 

Solution A 8 ounces 

Solution B 1 ounce 

Place prints in the above without pre- 
vious washing. Tone to the desired color 
and immerse prints 5 minutes in following 
salt solution to stop the toning: 

Salt 1 ounce 

Water 32 ounces 

The extra fixing bath should be used to 
ensure thorough fixing. After the salt bath 
give one change of cold water and fix for 
10 minutes in the following extra fixing 
bath : 

Hyposulphite of soda 1 ounce 

Sulphite of soda (crystals) 60 grains 

Borax %. ounce 

Water 20 ounces 

Wash 1 hour in running cold water or in 
16 changes of cold water, when prints may 
•be mounted same as albumen prints. 

The combined bath must be used cold, 
not above 50 degrees Fahr. This condition 
can be obtained by placing a piece of ice 
in the bath when toning. If the bath is too 
warm, it will cause yellow prints with a 
greenish cast in the half tones. Use a ther- 
mometer and keep it in toning bath all the 

The combined bath is an acid solution. 
The borax neutralizes only the excess of 
acid in the alum. Any attempt to neutral- 
ize the bath will percipitate the alum. The 
combined 'bath should not be used a second 


Will you please give, in Recreation, a 
formula that will make purple tones on 
Aristo Platino. Are such tones perma- 
nent ? 

E. O. Dean, Cortland, N. Y. 

Paper for purple tones should be at least 
2 weeks old. 

Print about the same as for gold toning, 
until high lights are slightly tinted. The 
exact depth of printing can best be deter- 
mined by a few experiments of different 
shades. Wash prints through 5 changes of 
clear water; then run through a bath of 
one tablespoonful of salt to one gallon of 

i 5 8 


water. Handle prints through this bath 
one to 2 minutes, bringing the color to a 
bright golden yellow, then tone in gold 
bath made as follows : 

64 ounces hot water. 
1 dram Aristo gold. 
l /i teaspoonful of salt. 

Borax enough to turn red litmus paper 
blue in 10 seconds. 

This bath should be mixed at least one 
hour before using. Speed of bath should 
be 6 to 8 minutes. To strengthen this bath 
add gold when needed, always being care- 
ful to neutralize the gold before adding to 
to the bath. Constant watch should be kept 
to see that the bath remain sufficiently alka- 

Tone to a warm purple, until all traces 
of brick red have left the shadows. Throw 
prints from the gold bath into a tray of 
clear water. After a batch has been toned, 
wash by hand through 3 changes of clear 
water and place in a bath of one ounce 
saturated solution of alum to 64 ounces of 
water. The purpose of this alum bath is 
to set the color, and prevent hypo bath 
from changing it. Prints should be handled 
through this bath for 5 minutes and kept 
in constant motion ; after which wash 
through 5 changes of clear water, and fix 
in hypo bath 18 degrees hydrometer test, 
for 15 minutes. Wash through 12 to 15 
changes of clear water, handling each print 
separately, and they are ready to mount and 

On receipt of the photograph by Mr. E. 
J. Kerlee, of Darby, Montana, showing 2 
Canada lynxes up a tree, I wrote Mr. Ker- 
lee as follows: 

The question arises in my mind, as it 
will in that of every man who sees these 
pictures reproduced : Were the lynxes alive 
when the picture was made? They look 
alive, but a good taxidermist can make a 
dead animal look that way. If they were 
alive please give me full particulars as to 
the making of the picture. Was anyone 
with you when you made the picture? If 
so, give name and address; or better still, 
get him to write me a letter telling me all 
about it. The picture will naturally be at- 
tacked, and if it be genuine I should like 
to be forearmed. 

In reply I received the following letters: 

Darby, Mont., Nov. 3, 1902. 
Those lynxes were alive. We chased 
them up the tree. You can plainly see in 
the photograph, that the dead limb is fast 
to the tree. E. J. Kerlee. 

Darby, Mont., Oct. 3, 1902. 
Mr. E. J. Kerlee has shown me your 
letter in regard to the photo of 2 lynxes. 

I was present when the photo was taken. 
The lynxes were very much alive, and ab- 
solutely without any trap, strings, wires or 
other contrivance to hold them. I am will- 
ing to make affidavit if necessary. 

Warner Laird. 


The time I spent in getting the photo- 
graph entitled "Never Touched Me" \vai 
full of surprises. I saw about 300 d?er, 
near and far. One day when I had neither 
Kodak nor gun I was for half an hour 
within 10 to 100 feet of 4 does and 6 
fawns. My companion and I saw several 
does and one buck one morning and they 
apparently had no fear of us, as they came 
close. Although both of us had guns we 
did not shoot. One yearling buck finnllv 
headed down within 30 feet of us. W^ 
missed an unusual chance to photograoh 
a big buck by leaving the camera at cnr>p. 

"Never Touched Me" was made with 
a No. 3 Eastman Folding Pocket Kodak. 
Wm. B. More, Harrison, Colo. 

If any of the readers of Recreation want 
lantern slides colored they can not do better 
than to send them to Mrs. Buttles Smith, 
606 W. 115th St., New York City. In my 
judgment she does as fine work in this line 
as any artist in the country. I have recent- 
ly had her color a lot of slides for me, and 
though I have had a great deal of this work 
done by various artists, I have never had 
any that pleased me better than that done 
by Mrs. Smith. *_ 

A simple formula for backing plates is as 
follows : 

Caramel 2 parts 

Hot water 2 parts 

Alcohol 1 part 

To this may, if desired, be added a small 
quantity of sienna. If the paste dries, it 
may be powdered and made ready for use 
again by the addition of a little glycerine. 

Can you instruct me through Recrea- 
tion how to sensitize postal cards for 
Velox printing? 

W. R. Smith Hoosick Falls, N. Y. 

You will find it cheaper to buy cards al- 
ready sensitized than to sensitize them 
yourself. It is difficult for an amateur to 
sensitize successfully with the bromide 
emulsion. — Editor. 

Rub a freshly cut slice of potato over a 
photograph to be colored or retouched and 
the color will stick immediately, which it 
will not otherwise do. — The Photo-Ameri- 



You press the button 

then do the rest. 

Anybody can develop and print 
their own pictures now that the 


Developing Machine 


Abolished the 

Eastman Kodak Co., 

Rochester, N. Y. 

Ask your dealer or write us for Booklet about the Developing Machine 



Something JVfetv! 


Attachable Eyeglass Temples 

Every wearer of eyeglasses wishes occasionally that they 
were spectacles. Spectacles stay on, however violent one's 
exercise, however warm or stormy the weather. This little 
device can be readily attached or detached without injury to 
the lenses, thus in a second giving you the choice of either 
spectacle or eyeglass. Just the thing for outdoor sports. 
The Temple Attachment will fit any of your eyeglasses and 
can be carried in the same case with them. 

Send thickness of lens when ordering by mail. 

Price in Nickel, 50 cents a pair 

Price in Gilt, 75 cents a. pair. 

Send for Circular. 

Our illustrated catalogue can be had for the asking 
We carry everything in the Optical and Photographic line. 
Eyeglasses, Spectacles, Cameras, Opera, Field or Marine 
Glasses, Thermometers. Barometers, Telescopes, Hygrom- 
ters, Sun-dials, etc. 

GALL & LEMBKE, Department C. 
Established 1842. 21 Union Sq., New York 


If so, you can get it 
Without $1 of Expense 

A Model io, CenturyCamera. Listed at $9. 

For six yearly subscriptions to 

A Model 12, Century Camera. Listed at 

$18. For 12 yearly subscriptions to 

A 5x7 Century Grand. Long Focus, Double 

Swing, with Wide Angle Lens. Listed 

at $60. For 40 yearly subscriptions to 


Such opportunities were never before 

I have but a few of these Cameras on 
hand, and when the supply is exhausted 
this offer will be withdrawn. 

Sample copies of Recreation for use in 
canvassing furnished on application. 

Recreation, 23 West 24th St. 

New York City 


For some time I have been wondering 
if it were possible for me to continue read- 
ing your magazine without giving vent to 
my own thoughts concerning game hogs. 
Although a woman, I am a lover of all 
game and can thoroughly enjoy myself on 
a hunting or fishing expedition, not by 
killing game, but by admiring and helping 
to carry it home. I have had much ex- 
perience in dressing game, and no man 
can dress rabbits, squirrels, raccoons, 
woodchucks or birds better than I can. 

In looking over your pictures of game 
hogs I have tried to imagine what their 
home life would be and if their wives, 
mothers or sweethearts approve of their 
needless and i :eless slaughter. If not, 
what a life a sensitive woman must en- 
dure; for if a man be a hog in a case 
where an inner sense of honor should 
govern him, he will be a greater one in his 
own home where he thinks no other man 
has aught to say. In many cases women are 
to blame, for they close their eyes to the 
early tendencies of their children toward 
brutality, and in many cases cultivate the 
habits that in after years cause them heart- 
aches. I have seen mothers give a puppy 
or a kitten to a baby to be tortured, and if 
the poor animal made its escape they would 
box its ears and give it again into the 
tiny savage's hands. Such teachings har- 
den children, and as they grow older they 
torture smaller children, taking delight in 
the pain they inflict. Boys with air guns 
should be taught to regard life as some- 
thing produced by a higher power than 
man, and never to take life unnecessarily. 
If they are allowed to take the life of any 
animal they choose, without being rebuked, 
they will think nothing of taking the life of 
a human being when animals have become 
small game. Few parents realize that each 
day of the present is but a part of the 
foundation on which children will build 
their lives. If you can but arouse the finer 
instinct in women, bringing into life the 
sympathy, love and protection for the help- 
less which every woman should have, you 
will have made great headway toward pro- 
tection of Jfrme. When a woman makes 
up her mind to use her influence on a man, 
be it for good or ill, that same man is more 
helpless than game in the localities infested 
by game hogs. 

Mrs. Geo. Andres, Bradford, Pa. 















Winter pictures 

should not be made 

on any plate 


r. ©. e. 

The Rochester Dry Plate 

We would 

like an opportunity 

to tell you why 

Rochester Optical and Camera Co. 

Rochester, New York, Chicago, London 




All in one picture, by the 

take half-length views, or, "with some models, stop 
the lens at five different places and thus make five 
different widths of pictures. This you can do in 
accordance with the view that you wish. No other 
camera possesses these advantages. 

How often you find yourself on some high place 
with a view just in front of you, a part of 'which is 
not especially interesting, but the whole sweep of 
which view would make a delightful picture. You 
long for a camera that will record that whole view. 

This is what the Al Vista will do ! 

We will send free on application our beautifully 
illustrated catalogue* 

Multiscope & Film Co. 

136 Jefferson St., Burlington, Wis. 





Al -Vista Camera.or you can 

Our cameras are the most simply constructed of any 
in the world, and the easiest to manage when they 
are understood. We send with each outfit a complete 
book of instructions. We will be glad to send copy 
of this free to anyone who will apply for it. 

Our Co-operative Plan 

We are sending out now a large number of came- 
ras on this Co-operative Plan. A small first payment 
being made, we ship you the camera, and you can 
use it while you pay the remainder in monthly in- 
stallments. This plan appeals to a great many 
people and certainly shows our confidence in the 
quality of our goods. Write us for full information 
about it. 

Multiscope & Film Co. 

136 Jefferson St., Burlington, Wis. 


| Are You an 

1 Amateur 

1 Photographer? 

If so would you like a Camera 
that will photograph 

A whole range of mountains % 
|jj A whole sweep of river 

A whole army 
A whole fleet of ships 

A whole city 


Or any other vast stretch of scenery or moving 

M Yista 

Is the thing. It lists at $30. 

One of the greatest inventions of the age. 
Given as a premium for 20 subscriptions. 

For particulars Address 


23 West 24th Street NEW YORK CITY 




Scries V Long Focus Korona 

Can be used with equal facility for 
everyday, hand-camera 

Snap Shots 

Photographing Distant Views 


or other work needing bellows ca- 
pacity, and also with wide-angle 
lenses for interiors and kindred 


Every adjustment is a marvel 
of simplicity and mechanical 
ingenuity, and many of them 
are found exclusively on the 

Note our patent auxiliary 
bed for use with wide-angle 
lenses, and compare it with 

the clumsy methods used to obtain this 
result on other cameras. 

, Our patent automatic swing back op- 
erates from the center according to correct 


Has a Convertible Lens, Automatic Shut- 
ter, and numerous other special advantages. 

Catalogue gives full information 

tnfluHbiU ttu optical Co. 


Mention Recreation 







\jl7E know it and we want you to know it, as GREAT 
"" RESULTS are sure to be obtained by the users of a 
ROYAL. They have speed, fine definition and great cov- 
ering power and will prove a delight to the connoisseur of high 
grade objectives. 

We make them in three series, ranging in relative aperture 
from F. 7. 5 to F. 5. We also make one of the very best Wide 
Angle Anastigmats on the market* Write and let us mail you 
our catalogue giving a detailed description of these lenses* 


Here is Another! 

If you will send me 

40 Yearly Subscriptions 


I will send you 

A No* JO GoerzTrieder- 
Pinocular Field Glass 

Listed at $38.00 

Every well-informed man knows the great 
power of this modern prismatic field glass. 
It is indispensable to every hunter, and is 
one of the latest and best on the market. 

I have but a few of these instruments on 
hand and the offer will be withdrawn as 
soon as the supply is exhausted. There- 
fore, if you want one 


Sample copies of Recreation for use in canvassing 
furnished on application. 

O 1 The Stereo Camera had a bad fall 
And ruined her beautiful eyes. 
She tried in vain each Stigmomat 
That makers advertise; 
But none of them gave to her ground- 
glass brain 
A picture bright and flat 
- 'Till the Camera-oculist fitted her out 
With a B and L Plastigmat. 















J^etter get your name 

on our mailing list for a 

copy of the 1903 Catalogue 

of Century Cameras,— now 

in press. A postal request 

will bring it, soon as pub- 
lished. It will prove of more than usual 
interest to every photographer. 

Century Camera Co. 

De P t.F. Rochester, N. Y. 

White Mountain Views Free 

To any person sending me a subscription to Recbe- 
ation accompanied by $1. I will send two mounted 
photos, on velox paper taken among the W hite Moun- 
tains, size 6x8; one shows Mt. Washington snow 
capped. To any one sending 2 subscriptions with $2 
I will send a souvenir of the White Mountains, size 
4/^x5^ containing seven photos. Send P. O. Money 

M. E. TUTTLK, Box 337, Dover, N. H. 

Free: For 1 year's subscription of Rec- 
reation, through me, will give 1 Bromide 
enlargement, any size up to 11x14 inches 
inclusive, from any negative not larger than 
4x5 ; or from photographs. Negatives and 
Photos to be returned to the owner. Here 
is a rare chance to get a large Photo from 
your pet Negative, also Recreation for $1. 
A. F. Evarts, Meriden, Conn. 


Special attention given to the wants of Amateur 
Photographers Correspondence promptly at- 
tended to. I refer by permission to the Editor 
of Recreation. 

606 W, U5th Street, New York City. 


To any person sending me a subscription 
to Recreation, accompanied by $1, I will 
send one copy of the "Song of Songs," a 
drama in 5 acts, based on the Song of Solo- 
mon. This is an interesting, instructive 
and elevating play, written by my late hus- 
band, the Rev.. Morse Rowell, Jr. The 
book is bound in paper and is alone worth 
$1. In addition I have arranged with the 
editor of Recreation to send the magazine 
to all subscribers who may send me their 
subscription on this plan. 

Mrs. Belle J. E. Rowell, 

Miller Place, L. I. 


for Public Exhibitions, Church Entertainments, for 
Illustrating sermons. Many sizes. All prices. 
Chance tor men with little capital to make 
money. 260 page Catalogue FREE. 

MCALLISTER, Mfg. Optician, 49 Nassau St., n. Y. 





One summer I lived in a cabin in the 
mountains of Colorado, where I had fre- 
quent opportunities to observe the domestic 
habits of a few of the feathered and furry 
tenants of the wood. I planted a garden 
near my temporary home, and took much 
pride in the prospect of fresh peas and 
beets, greens and potatoes, with lettuce 
galore, when the summer rains and suns 
should have ripened them, aided, of course, 
by "the man with the hoe." Not a weed 
marred the smooth level of the earth ; not 
a root was left to show that it was newly 
worked. The potatoes sprouted, the beets 
peeped up, the lettuce stole through the 
soil, and I was happy. Then came the 
magpies or chipmunks and left me not one 
stalk of lettuce. Followed a frost; and lo ! 
I, the lord of the garden, found myself 
the victim of a night. My beautiful gar- 
den was gone. 

Out near the farther end of the desolate 
garden my daughter threw scraps left from 
the table. The birds were on the watch 
and before she had reached the interior of 
the cabin, the scrap pile was undergoing 
inspection. Jays ! It seems they were all 
married and had large families. They 
were fearless, saucy little beggars, and 
came to the trees beside the house, flitting 
from branch to branch, cocking their heads 
sidewise, and tilting their crests at all 
sorts of angles to see in at the window, or 
to examine the ground. No sooner was 
the scrap plate emptied, out by the little 
stump, tnan a jay alighted there and se- 
lected the choicest morsel. Flying into a 
tree with it, he ate enough from it to re- 
duce it to the swallow size of his son, or 
daughter. That young person, quite as big 
as the mamma or papa, usually sat at a 
little distance, with gaping mouth and flut- 
tering wings, begging for a bite. That his 
parents deftly put into his mouth at last 
and flew back to the stump for more, while 
the overgrown child waited and watched, 
with wings a-flutter and throat a-yawp. 

Sometimes the parent's patience wore 
out and I caught a querulous note, as the 
weary provider flew away from the in- 
satiable babe, plainly saying: 

"You lazy thing ! You're as big as I am. 
Hunt your own grub." 

I saw a mother, or father — I can not tell 
them apart — trying to teach a youngster to 
catch grasshoppers, but it was not a suc- 
cess. The lazy lout easily kept abreast of 
his parent, but made no effort to catch the 
grasshopper. He knew a trick worth 2 of 
that. He waited till his parent had caught 
the insect, then squatted with fluttering 
wings and gaping throat begging to be fed. 
"Pity me ! I am starving !" 

A squirrel frequently shared a meal with 
the jays, and it was interesting to watch 
the performance. The furry gentleman is 
at perfect ease among his feathered friends, 
not seeming to be disturbed by them, nor to 

wish to molest them; but if I move he 
seems to consider it a signal to break 
camp, and off he goes, his tail a wriggling 
wake in his rear. 

One evening I saw a rabbit which had 
invaded the sacred territory. He nibbled 
along, here and there stopping to taste a 
bite, not at all disturbed by my presence, 
though I stood erect within 20 feet of 
him. For the time the jays were absent. 
However, just as Bunny stopped by the 
scrap stump a jay came from the woods on 
cleaving wing and alighted on the stump 
within 8 inches of the long eared invader's 
nose. It was amusing to see the look of 
surprise on the jay's face. He stood aghast, 
looking on while Bunny ate; then hopped 
down beside him and chipped in. 

While crossing a meadow I came one 
day on a chipmunk which seemed so fear- 
less that I stopped to examine him closely. 
He stood erect on the edge of his home, 
paws curved across his breast, and eyed me 
without a tremor. I slowly approached till 
within 3 feet of him. I could have hit* 
him with my walking stick. After regard- 
ing me fixedly 2 or 3 minutes, he went 
down stairs to tell Mrs. Chipmunk, and 
the children about it; then came up again 
and went across to another hole 40 yards 
away, probably to tell his mother-in-law. 

I found a coyote, a few evenings later, 
trying to catch young magpies. I do not 
know if he succeeded. As he sat down to 
take _ a rest, 150 yards away, I tried my 
Remington on him, off-hand, but missed. 
It was an easy shot, and I reproved my- 
self back into the house. I had pulled too 
quickly. I scared him, however, as badly 
as if I had hit him between the eyes. He 
jerked the throttle wide open and burned 
half a mile of airhole into a cinder getting 

Not long afterwaru me same Remington, 
in other hands, killed a mother coyote, 
which, I found on skinning her, had a fam- 
ily of children somewhere that waited long 
for the footfall which never came, and died 
of starvation. She was only a wolf, and 
her children would have been thieves had 
they lived. A ranchman would have been 
glad, perhaps ; but I could not help feeling 
a keen sorrow for the helpless, hungry 
babies, dying so miserably, and regret that 
I should have borne a share in her killing. 
How little mercy has man shown the other 
animals ! 

Quails have wintered well, and are un- 
usually plentiful. When plowing stubble, 
it is not uncommon to have a covey of 10 
or so fly up all around the horses. Rab- 
bits are scarce. Can some reader of Rec- 
reation inform me where I can get good 
deer and grouse shooting near here? 

Thos. P. Neet, Versailles, Ky. 





Ever Try to Dig It Up? 

The biggest boxes of gold are dug up out of a man's strong, money- 
making brain. No box of Capt. Kidd's ever held the gold owned by the 
money makers of. the present day. And those same money makers keep the 
brain well, strong and of the money making sort by feeding on Grape-Nuts. 

Ask the next millionaire or successful lawyer, author or business man 
if he eats Grape-Nuts. Try the experiment on several and learn something 
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You can't keep a strong brain down and Grape-Nuts food makes 
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the facts will come out in undeniable form after a trial of the famous food. 

The tool that makes money is the brain. 

Weak, dull tools don't do the work. 

Brain absolutely must be fed on the right kind of food if results are 
to be had — Grape-Nuts is that food. 

There is a reason. 

You can prove it by trial ten days. 

Dig up your buried treasure. 



Cap'n Titus 


Boston Globe 

"Rich and racy salt-briny stories, depict- 
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Washington, D. C, Evening Star 

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Rochester Democrat and Chronicle 

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New York Times 

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Price, 75 cents 

Postage Paid 


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It is all in The Lens 

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Made by the Rochester Lens Co., Rochester, 
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And listed at $45, 
For 40 yearly subscrip- 
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You can get any other lens made by this 
Company on the basis of one subscription 
to each dollar of the list price of the lens. 

Sample copies of Recreation for use in 
soliciting furnished on application. 

The Laughlin 

Fountain Pe n 


Sent on Approval 

to Responsible People 

ft* i) 




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Laughlin flfg. Co. 

434 Orlswold St. 




Follow the 


When you buy a watch, first select the works and then tell the jeweler you 
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Last fall I killed a whifetail buck having 
what I consider remarkable antlers. I sub- 
mit a few measurements for comparison 
with other large heads : Widest spread, 22 
inches; base of horn to longest point, 18 
inches ; base of horn to base of brow prong, 
3 inches; base of horn to base of first 
prong, 10V2 inches ; brow prong, 6 inches ; 
first prong, 10 inches ; second prong, 8 
inches; from tip to tip of front points, 14 
inches ; circumference of horn, ^ inch 
from base, 5*4 inches. Number of points, 
16. The antlers are heavy and well propor- 

N. J. Shields, Mandan, N.. Dak. 

We have still a fair number of deer and 
a few moose. In some parts of the State 
bear are plentiful. Grouse are much less 
abundant than they were 5 years ago. 

G. W, McKay, Kelsey, Mich. 



Some people fear this mysterious power. 
IT It is because they do not understand it. 
Ml In truth it is the most powerful of hu- 
man influences for good. A FREE 
BOOK, published by the Ameri- 
can College of Sciences, contains 
the opinions of thirty dis- 
tinguished men, Profes- 
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its hidden mysteries are made perfectly clear. 
It gives simple directions for acquiring the 
secret power at home and tells how to cure 
bad habits; how parents can control their 
children and make their dispositions sweet and 
lovely; how homes not fully in accord can be 
reunited by bonds of love; how diseases can be 
cured without drugs or medicine; how hund- 
reds of startling, mystifying and beneficial 
experiments can be performed. According to 
the honest statements of eminent Doctors, 
Lawyers and Clergymen, the book is worthy 
of a prominent place in any home. Remember 
it is absolutely free. Write for it to-day 
Address American College of Sciences, 
DeptCN5. 420 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

No. 58 

HERE IS A KNIFE Men Lore So Much 
They Hate to Throw an Old Handle Away 

No. 58. Cut is exact size ; 
ebony handle, 3 blades, Ger- 
man silver ends. The long 
blade is for rough or fine 
work j the medium blade is 
as thin as a razor. Price, 
postpaid, $1.00. 50.000inuse. 
No. 34 we call 'Our Mas- 
terpiece;' weighs only 2 
ozs. ; 3 cutting blades ; will 
cut a quill pen or an ax- 
handle; price, with ebony 
handle, postpaid, $1.25; 
ivory, $1.50; choicest pearl, 
Our Jack Knife sells at 75c. ; 
our special prion is 48c, postpaid, 
5 for $2 00. All our blades file test- 
ed; warranted; replaced fre » if 
soft or flawy. Berbers' hollow 
ground Razor and Strop to 
suit, $1.33. Send for free 80 page 
list and " How to Use a Razor. ' 

74 A Street Toledo. Ohio 



The Lamp of Steady Habits 


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Other lamps may be offered you as "just as good "— 
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feHt*«£ jug ROCHESTER LIMP CO., 38 Park Place * 8S Barclay St., New York. 

For every deer hunter who spends a 
few weeks of each year away from civiliza- 
tion, there are 20 sportsmen whose great- 
est delight is to tramp for quails or grouse. 
Such men may not have the means to in- 
dulge in the expensive sport of big game 
hunting, and many of them would not if 
they had. To them a day afield with dog 
ranging the stubble, the sudden stop, the 
cautious advance and stiffening into a rigid 
point, the whir of wings, the successful 
shot and the retrieving of the birds, have 
more charms than an all-day hunt with one 
shot at a deer. 

What woodcock shooter would ask for 
deer when the cock were rising in front of 
his brace of cocker spaniels? To him, the 
metallic whistle and darting forms among 
the bushes are more fascinating than the 
bay of hounds and a leaping buck. 

Again the sportsman is among the wild 
hills in pursuit of the lordly ruffed grouse. 
He slowly makes his way down a ravine, 
its steep sides covered with pine, .birch, and 
hemlock, while the knowing old pointer 
searches out every spot likely to hold a 
hiding bird. 

Suddenly the dog comes to a point in a 
thick clump of pines, but before his master 
has taken half a dozen steps, a roar of 
wings is heard, and the bird is gone. All 
the hunter sees is a streak far up the gully, 
but he follows, in hope of a second rise. 
Soon the dog strikes the scene behind a 
fallen tree. The wily old bird rises on the 
other side of this and sails off at such a 
height the sportsman rightly concludes 
he has taken to a tree. 

These disappointments only arouse the 
ardor of our friend. On he goes, making 
plenty of noise, which has the desired ef- 
fect. The grouse dives out of a pine and 
flies toward a patch of thick brush, some 
hundreds of yards ahead. By this time the 
intelligent pointer is as anxious as his mas- 
ter, and makes straight for the cover. 
• Time after time the grouse rises out of 
range, but the patient hunter follows, until 

finally the demoralized bird lies close in 
some brush heap. When kicked out, he 
gives an easy straight-away, and as the 
hunter presses the trigger, a puff of feath- 
ers floats away on the breeze, while the dog 
eagerly darts forward to bring in the bird. 
Was not the successful finish well worth 
the trouble? 

There is no other shooting so fascinating 
nor so difficult; yet few writers tell of 
their experiences with grouse and quails. 
If more sportsmen from different parts of 
the States and Canada would write of their 
observations of the haunts and habits of 
game birds, it would be a great help to 
beginners. J. A. MacKenzie. 

Many of the presents which people give 
their friends afford pleasure only for a few 
days, or weeks. A subscription to Recrea- 
tion means solid comfort a whole year. It 
reminds your friends 12 times during the 
year of your kindness and generosity. 
There are many men and women who for 5 
years past have annually sent in long lists 
of names of friends, accompanied with a 
check, in order that these friends might be 
made happy a whole year. Would it not 
be well for you to adopt this plan? 

Try it and see how grateful the recipient 
will be. 

The Bristol rod and case came and they 
are O. K. Please accept my thanks for 

Chas. A. McNeill, Lebanon, N. H. 

I received the King folding boat. Have 
it set up and am much pleased with it. 
Harry S. Holmes, Ottumwa, la. 

The Harrington & Richardson shot gun, 
which you forwarded as a premium, is en- 
tirely satisfactory. 

F. N. Dutcher, St. Albans, Vt. 






writes January 10, 1902 : "The Ostermoor Patent Elastic Felt 
Mattresses that I bought of you nine years ago have proven 
perfectly satisfactory, and are all that you claim for them, be- 
sides vermin-proof and non-absorbent — a perfect success." 



writes April 24, 1897: "The Ostermoor Patent Elastic Felt 
Mattresses you furnished for my yacht, • Titania,' give entire 
satisfaction, and should I build another yacht I should cer- 
tainly give you another order." 



writes on February 6, 1902: "The Ostermoor Patent Elastic 
Felt Church Cushions put in forty-nine years ago are still in 
most excellent condition. On going into our new church, we 
had you re-cover them and they are to-day as good as new." 



writes February 15, 1902: "The Ostermoor Cushions and 
Mattresses are still in use and in an admirable state of pre- 
servation and fully justify all you said concerning them at the 
time of the purchase, seventeen years ago." 

If you wish to be posted on these wonderful Ostermoor Mattresses (even if you don't wish to buy), simply 
send your name on a postal for our handsome 96-page illustrated book, " The Test of Time "—mailed free. 
Beware of imitations trading on the name of " felt." Look for the name " Ostermoor " and our guarantee on 
every genuine mattress. Send your name to-day to Ostermoor & Co., 114 Elizabeth Street, New York. 



For a Present to Your Best Girl 

or your brother, or for some other girl's brother, or for 
any one you love, and who is fond of skating. 


For 5 Yearly Subscriptions to RECREATION 


A pair of Lock Lever Skates 


A pair of Ladies' Lock Lever Skates 

Grade 3, made by Barney & Berry, Springfield, Mass. 


As every skater knows, these are the best skates made in the world. 
The winter season is here and you could scarcely select a more 
appropriate present 


than a pair of these high-grade skates. Only a limited stock on hand, and 
when these are gone this offer will be withdrawn. 

Sample copies of RECREATION for use in canvassing 
furnished on application. 



Our game laws are fairly good and are 
well enforced. During the past year some, 
enormous fines were imposed on law break- 
ers. In one case a man narrowly escaping 
imprisonment for perjury, was mulcted in 
fine and costs about $300; all for shooting 
one pheasant. The population of the Prov- 
ince is so small that the wild regions are 
almost unexplored and are full of game. 
The Indians are perhaps the worst game 
hogs we have ; no one knows the extent of 
the damage done by them annually. How- 
ever, I really think the game will outlive 
the red man yet. You are doing a world 
of good in educating would be sportsmen 
in true sportsmanship. I know Recrea- 
tion has been an eye opener to me, for I 
was on the high road for the hog pen be- 
fore I read it. 

Dr. G. H. Manchester, 
New Westminster, B. C, Can. 

Conditions in the Sequoia National Park 
are not encouraging. A party traveling 
through the park last September passed, at 
Hockett meadows, the camp of the soldiers" 
detailed to guard the park and its game, 
and saw a stack of deer hides in their pos- 
session. In August a party making roads 
in the park heard shooting. Soon a num- 
ber of soldiers passed, 2 of them carrying 
on their saddle-bows what appeared to be 
carcasses of deer wrapped in blankets. 
While the soldiers were in the park last 
year shooting was heard nearly every day. 
A few civilian rangers would accomplish 
more good there than the entire army. No 
one ever hears of a soldier being punished 
for breaking the game law, though the set- 
tlers here will testify that they do it con- 

Otto Luhdorff, Visalia, Cal. 

Received the Harrington & Richardson 
shot gun and am more than pleased with 
it. I thank you sincerely. 

V. McGuire, Marshalltown, la. 



If you want to know the hidden mysteries of 
this strange mental influence, write us for a 
copy of our free book entitled ' ' The Phil- 
osophy of Personal Influence." It is 
written by a man who made a fortune out of 
professional hypnotism. He fully explains the 
successful methods he used in private and on 
the stage, and gives such plain and simple 
directions, that they can be quickly learned at 
home. He tells how to acquire the subtle 
power of Personal Magnetism: how to ex- 
ert a marvelous influence over others entirely 
without their knowledge; how to hypnotize in- 
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cure diseases and bad habits without drugs or 
medicine. The book fairly bristles with start- 
ling hypnotic revelations. Write to-day. Re- 
member it is absolutely free. Address IVew 
York Institute of Science, Dept. D . M . 6 , 
Rochester, N. Y. " * 

Not what is 

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Dept. W 

107 Fulton St. New York 




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116 Masonic Temple, Chicago, III. 


With the close of February, the 9th 
Annual Sportsmen's Show will be inaugu- 
rated at Madison Square Garden, New 
York City, and lovers of the gun, rod and 
rifle, as well as devotees of the canoe and 
paddle, the stream and the campfire, will be 
afforded the opportunity of spinning yarns 
with their fellows, and of gleaning infor- 
mation of practical value from experienced 
guides and hunters from nearly all game 
sections of the United States and Canada. 
The show will open Saturday, February 
21st and will continue until Saturday, 
March 7, inclusive. 

This year some notable additions to the 
shows of past years have been decided on. 
Representative guides from every game 
section of the country will be in attend- 
ance in greater number than ever before. 

Perhaps the greatest attraction of this 
show will be the cantata of Hiawatha, to 
be rendered each afternoon and evening. 
The music will be produced by an orchestra 
of 45 pieces. A chorus of more than 60 
voices, Indian and Caucasian, will support 
the score or more of Indian actors who will 
play the leading roles; and in every detail, 
the production promises to be a novelty to 
metropolitan amusement supporters as well 
as an unique departure in historic charac- 
ter portrayal and scenic effect. 

Other features of the show will be a 
most interesting exhibit by the New York 
Zoological Society to which Director 
Hornaday is giving his personal and care- 
ful attention ; an exhibit characteristic of 
the game resources of New Brunswick; 
interesting exhibits of modern launches, 
yachts, canoes and . hunting 'boats ; rifles, 
shot guns, fishing tackle and all other 
articles of equipment and supply known to 
20th Century sportsmen. The display of 
Indian goods and handiwork will also be 
extensive and thoroughly representative. 
While details of many new features of this 
year's show have not yet been completed, 
enough has been accomplished to insure to 
sportsmen a rare treat in the Sportsmen's 
Show of 1903. 













Sent Free: Ten varieties of Mexican post- 
age and revenue stamps for one annual 
subscription to Recreation sent in through 
me. Stamp collectors should not miss this 
chance to increase their collection of Mexi- 
can stamps. Albert M. Penn, Laredo, Tex 



Why use 
poor cards 
when you 
can buy 


Playing Cards 

They wear well. Sold by dealers. Popular 
price. 29 backs. Back shown is " Wheel/'' 
Order by name. 

The U. S. Playing Card Company, 

Cincinnati, U. S. A 

We will send 128 -page Condensed Hoyle for 
10 cents in stamps, if addressed to Department 23 

The Rocky 
flountain Goat 

Is a shy, wary animal that ranges 

8,000 to 15,000 feet 

above sea level 

and has rarely been photographed. 
Mr. A. M. Collins, one of Recre- 
ation's prize winning photograph- 
ers, has recently made 4 of the 
finest goat pictures ever produced. 
I have had enlargements made 
from these, 13 x 15 inches, and 
will sell them 

At $5.00 a Set. 

A rare and valuable group for 
sportsmen, amateur photographers 
and nature students. Address 



Famous the world 
over for purity. 
They never vary # 
The secret of their 
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they are kept six 
months before being 
drawn off and bot- 
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have them in your 
camp, on the yacht, 
and on your outing 
trips wherever you 
go. They are ready and require no 
mixing. Simply pour over cracked ice. 

For Sale by all Fancy Grocers and Dealers 






Nerve Force is the motive and regulative 
power on which every functional activity of the 
body is dependent. Because this is true, physi- 
cal and mental fitness — the prerequisite to suc- 
cess in all callings — is impossible when the 
nerves are not being properly nourished. 

Nerve force depends for its power upon a 
healthy circulation. Stagnant circulation, such 
as is found in congested varicose veins, favors 
the generation of ptomaines (poisons), and in 
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of paralysis and mental disturbances, even in- 

I have had an extensive and successful ex- 
perience in treating all forms of nervous dis- 
eases. I have originated a method of treating 
Varicocele that is curative in every case, no mat- 
ter how complicated ; it only requires a few 
days' personal treatment to effect this cure. I 
have written extensively on Varicocele and as- 
sociated diseases, and will send my recent pub- 
lication (the sealed postage is ten cents) to any 
man who is sincere in 
his desire to obtain the 
most perfect health and 
nerve force. 

Write me the symp- 
toms that trouble you 
the mos 1- , and I will ad- 
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expense for this service unless you come to my 
home for treatment. I hold consultation and 
give personal attention to private correspond- 
ence at Suite F, 119 Michigan Avenue, Chicago. 

Eree Rupture Cure 

If ruptured write to ' Dr. W. S. Rice, 1546 Mam St., 
Adams, N. Y., and he will send free a trial of his won- 
derful method. Whether skeptical or not get thi» free 
method and try the remarkable invention that cures 
without pain, "danger, operation or detention, from 
Work. Write to-day. Don't wait. 

Have You $100 or more 
to Invest in a Good Thing 

I am going to manufacture a new Fire Re- 
sisting Material to be used in every build- 
ing, and a powerful Fire Extinguisher, just 
perfected. Our field is larger and mote 
profitable than that of the telegraph or tele- 
phone. I have been offered $50,000 by a 
representative of the Standard Oil Co., for 
the formulas. It is worth millions. 1 want 
more capital. Large investors would insist 
on controlling the business. I propose to 
do this myseif. Therefore, I prefer small 

I made over a quarter of a million dollars 
for my stockholders in a Maine Corporation 
in less than 18 months in '9i-'o2. Paid each 
one of them $r,32o in cash for every Sioo 
invested. This is history, known all over 
New England. 

I make no promises but advise you to investi- 
gate. I will send you a little illustrated 
book that tells how I rose from farmer boy 
to Mayor in my own city. Just how I made 
the money and paid the largest dividends 
ever paid in New England. You may not 
want to invest but the book will interest 
you. Every statement you can investigate. 
Address, with stamp for postage 

E. F. HANSON, Treasurer 

The Uronon Fire Resisting Co. 

Belfast, Maine 

LOOK AT THIS ! ! ! If you send your 
subscription to Recreation through me or 
direct to the office to be placed to my 
credit, I will send you free of charge any 
one of the articles mentioned below : 

Shot gun bench crimper, sells for 75 c, 
in 10-12-16-20 gauge. 

Shot gun cleaning rod, 3 attachments, 
sells for 50c, in 10-12-16 gauge. 

Micrometer powder and shot measure, 
adjustable, and for both black and smoke- 
less powder ; sells for 65c. 

U. S. Government rifle cleaner, any cali- 
ber, with attachments, sells for 60c, packed 
in neat canvas bag. 

A duck, or snipe, or turkey call, sells for 
75c. each, best made. 

Address Henry B. Floyd, 1365 Emerson 
St., N. E., Washington, D. C. 



i guarantee that a few drops of my liquid will Temove 
hair instantaneously, effectively, and without the 
slightest harm, pain, burn or blister. Sent upon receipt ot fifty cents with 

full instructions. rime. HARIE LEON, 

905 E St. James Bldgr., 1133 Broadway, New York. 


My illustrated nature book on losses' 
varicoce^, impotency, lame back, free^ 
sealed, bv mail. Much valuable advice 
and describes the new DR SANDEN 
Worn nights. No drugs. Currents 
^soothing. Used by women also for 
rheumatic pains, etc. 5.000 cures 1901. 
Established 30 years. Advice free. 

1155 Broadway, NY. 





Cured to Stay Cured in 5 Days* 
No Gutting or Pain„ Guaranteed 
Cure or Money Refunded. 

H/ya «?#/&/)/>£*# F Under my treatment this insidi- 

lr /■#»#€*€/ t#Ci«.Ci» ous disease rapidly disappears. 
Pain ceases almost instantly. The stagnant blood is driven 
from the dilated veins and all soreness and swelling sub- 
sides. Every indication of Varicocele vanishes and in its 
stead comes the pleasure of perfect health. Many ailments 
are reflex, originating from other diseases. For instance, 
innumerable blood and nervous diseases result from poison- 
ous taints in the system. Varicocele and Hydrocele, if neg- 
lected will undermine physical strength, depress the mental 
"acuities, derange the nervous system, and ultimately pro- 

The Master Specialist of Chicago, who Cures Varicocele, d ' uce complicated results. In treating diseases of men I 
Hydrocele, and treats patients personally. always cure the effect as well as the cause. I desire that 

Established 1880. every person afflicted with these or allied diseases write me 

( Copiriqhted ) so j can ex pi a i n m y method of cure, which is safe and per- 

manent. My consultation will cost you nothing, and my charges for a perfect cure will be reasonable and 
not more than you will be willing to pay for the benefits conferred. 

Cf*rts*intv of Cui*t* is wliat y° u want - * g* ve a legal guaranty to cure or refund your money. 
wc;# msh* sjr %Mm %0*mm c what I have done for others I cau do for you. I can cure you at home 

Cni*M*£»^nnnil*»nng* (2nnferlg*ntis*l. ° ne personal visit at my office is preferred, but if 
IrOrrOSpOnuenue %*OnTIUeniKaim it is i mpos sible for you to call, write me your con- 
dition fully, and you will receive in plain envelope a scientific and honest opinion of your case, Free of 
charge. My home treatment Is successful. My books and lectures mailed free upon application. 

H.J. TILLOTSON, M.D.,140 Tillotson Bldg,84 Dearborn St., CHICAGO 


The 25-35, 30-30, 30-40 and 7 mm. 
rifles have, with full jacketed bullet, 
greater penetration than any gun built for 
black powder ana plain lead bullet. They 
have, also, a flatter trajectory. But with 
soft point bullets none of them will com- 
pare, for shock and penetration, with the 
45-70-500. It must be remembered that 
the 45 cuts as large a hole at the entering 
point as the 30 does after it has exoanded ; 
and that a 45-500 grain bullet will expand 
to more than twice its origin 1 s^e, with a 
penetration of 17 inches in soft pine. A 
30-40 soft point will penetrate 14 inches in 
the same wood. 

I have, with a Sharp's 45 rifle, no grains 
of black powder and 550 grain natched bul- 
let, got a penetration of 26 inches in 
pine. At 200 vards, rest shooting, with the 
same gun ana load, I m ,e a score of 97 
on the standard American off-hand target. 

The Savage has a poor trigger pull and 
a slow lock; otherwise it is all right.. I 
wish those correspondents of Recreation 
who praise the accuracy of the 25-35 would 
try their favorite weapon for a 10 shot 
string at 200 yards. I do not think they 
would care to report the results. 

As to shot guns, I think the Ithaca one 
of the best. For duck shooting give me a 
10 pound 10 bore; and I am no game hog, 

O. E. Holdridge, North Adams, Mass. 


If so, would you not like a rack for it ? 

Do you keep more 
than one gun? 

If so, would you not like racks for all 
of them ? 

For 5 yearly subscriptions to 

I will send you 

a pair of buffalo horns 

beautifully polished and mounted on nickel 
bases, which may be screwed on the wall. 
A pair of these horns make a unique and 
convenient gun rack, and a valuable trophy 
of the grandest game animal America ever 

These horns are easily worth 

five dollars 

a pair and sell readily at that price. I have 
been fortunate in securing a considerable 
number of them at a price that enables me 
to make this remarkable offer. 

Send in your Club at once. 




These goods are all new, and will be shipped 
direct from factory. Prices named are those at 
which manufacturers and dealers usually sell. 
Here is a good chance to get 

A Book, a Gun, a Camera ) ._ __ 

A Sleeping Bag, a Fishing Rod [ ™ E Jl 0F 
A Reel, a Tent, ) LUb ' 

Subscriptions need not all be sent at once. They 
may be sent in installments as taken and credit will 
be given on account. When the required number 
is obtained the premium earned will be shipped. 

These Offers are subject to change 
without notice. 


TWO yearly subscriptions to Recreation 
at $i each, I will send a copy of Hunt- 
ing in the Great West, cloth ; or a Zar 
Camera, listed at $i; or an Ingersoll Watch 
or Cyclometer, listed at $i; or a Recreation 
Waterproof Match Box, made by W. L. 
Marble and listed at $i; or a Shakespeare 
Revolution Bait listed at 75 cents; or a 
Laughlin Fountain Pen ; or a dozen Trout 
Flies, assorted, listed at $1 ; or a pair of At- 
tachable Eyeglass Temples, gold-plated, 
made by Gall & Lembke; or a Gold Medal 
FoldingCamp Cot. 

THREE subscriptions at $1 each, a safety 
pocket ax, made by W. L. Marble and 
listed at $2.50 ; or a dozen Bass Flies, 
assorted, listed at $2 ; or 4 dozen Carbutt 
plates, 4x5 or 5x7; or a pair of chrome 
tanned horsehide hunting and driving gloves, 
listed at $1.50, made by J. P. Luther Glove 

FOUR subscriptions at $1 each, an Ideal Hunt- 
ing Knife, made by W. L. Marble and 
listed at $2.50 ; or a .32 caliber Automatic 
Forehand Revolver, made by the Hopkins 
& Allen Arms Co. ; or a No. 822 Rifle 
made by the Hopkins & Allen Arms Co., 
listed at $4.50. 

FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of Cruis- 
ings in the Cascades, cloth; or a set of'Neh- 
ring's Convertible Ampliscopes, listed at 
$5.00; or an Ideal Hunting Knife made by 
W. L. Marble, and listed at $3 ; or a polished 
Buffalo Horn Gun Rack, made by E.W. Stiles ; 
or a Forehand Gun, made by the Hopkins & 
Allen Arms Co. , listed at $6 ; or a pair of luck 
lever skates, made by Barney & Berry, 
listed at $4 50; or a pair of gauntlets, for 
hunting and driving, ladies' size, listed at 
$2. 50, made by J. P. Luther Glove Co., or a 
J C Hand trap made by the Mitchell Mfg. 
Co., listed at $4. 

SIX subscriptions at $1 each, a Hawkeye Re- 
frigerating Basket made by the Burlington 
Basket Co., or one dozen Eureka golf balls 
listed at $4; or a Century Camera, model 10, 
4x5 , listed at $9 ; or a Forehand Gun made by 
the Hopkins & Allen Arms Co., listed at $9. 

SEVEN subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of 
The Big Game of North America, or of The 
American Book of the Dog, cloth, or one set 
Lakewood golf clubs, 5 in number, listing at $5 ; 
or a series nBor nDKorona Camera, made 
by the Gundlach Optical Co., listed at $10. 

EIGHT subscriptions at $1 each, a 4 x 5 
Weno Hawk-Eye Camera, made by the 
Blair Camera Co. , and listed at $8. 

NINE subscriptions at $1 each, an Acme 
single shot gun, made by the Davenport 
Arms Co., and listed at $8. 

TEN subscriptions at $1 each, a Cut- 
Glass Salad Bowl, made by Higgins & 
Seiter, and listed at $4. 50 ; or a Yawman 
& Erbe Automatic Reel, listed at $6 to $9 ; 
or a Bristol Steel Fishing Rod, listed at $6, 
or less; or a Waterproof Wall Tent 7x7, 
made by Abercrombie & Fitch, and listed 
at $8; or a canvas hunting coat, made by 
H. J. Upthegrove & Son, listed at $8; or a 
series 1, 4x5, Korona Camera, made by the 
Gundlach Optical Co., listed at $12. 

TWELVE subscriptions at $1 each, aPeabody 
Carbine valued at $12 ; or a No. 5 Sidle Tele- 
scope Rifle Sight, listed at $18; or a Daven- 
portEjector Gun, listed at $10; or a Century 
Camera, model 12, 4x5, listed at $18. 

FIFTEEN subscriptions at $1 each, a Shakes- 
peare Reel, Silver Plated, listed at $15;' or a 
set of rabbit plates made by Higgins & Seiter, 
and listed at $8, or a pair of horsehide 
Hunting shoes, made by T. H. Guthrie, 
Newark, N. J., and listed at $8, or a Field 
Glass made by Gall & Lembke; or a Ken- 
wood Sleeping Bag, complete, with canvas 
cover, listed at $16. 

TWENTY subscriptions at $1 each, a 14-karat 
Gold Hunting-case Watch, with Waltham 
Movement, listed at $20; or a Repeating 
Rifle, listed at $16 or less ; or an Elita 
single shot gun, made by the Davenport 
Arms Co., and listed at $18, or a pair of 
horsehide Hunting Boots, made by T. H. 
Guthrie, Newark, N, J., and listed at $10; or 
an Acme Folding Canvas Boat, No. 1, Grade 
B, listed at $20; or a Mullins Duck Boat, 
listed at $20. 

TWENTY-FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, 
an 1 1 -foot King Folding Canvas Boat, listed 
at $38; or a Repeating Rifle, listed at $20 
or less; or a 4x5 Planatic lens, made by the 
Rochester Lens Co. , and listed at $25 ; or a 
Century Grand Camera, 4x5, listed at $35; 
or a Syracuse Grade O, double hammerless 
Gun, made by the Syracuse Arms Co., and 
listed at $30. 

THIRTY subscriptions at $1 each, a Repeat- 
ing Rifle, listed at $25 or less ; or a Waterproof 
Tent, T4^ x 17, made by Abercrombie & 
Fitch, and listed at $25 ; or a corduroy hunt- 
ing suit, made by H. J. Upthegrove & Son, 
including coat, vest, trousers, and hat, 
listed at $23.75; or an Ithaca, quality 
No. 1, plain, double barrel, hammerless 
breech loading shot gun, listed at $40. 

THIRTY-FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, a 14- 
foot King Folding Canvas boat, listed at $48. 

FORTY subscriptions at $1 each, a Savage 
.303 Repeating Rifle ; or a No. 10 Gun Cab- 
inet, made by the West End Furniture Co., 
and listed at $32; or a Field Glass, made 
by C. P. Goerz. 

FORTY- FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, a Royal 
Anastigmat Lens, 4x5, series I, made by 
Rochester Lens Co., and listed at $45. 

FIFTY subscriptions at $1 each, a No. 20 
Gun Cabinet, made by the West End 
Furniture Co.. and listed at $38. 

TWO HUNDRED subscriptions at $1 each, a 
strictly first class upright piano, listed at $750. 

Address, Recreation S? e 2 r # r ? th st * 



Y$&5i»AT spat 




No attempt to 
improve on the 
work of nature in 
making Shredded 
Wheat. The 

properties natur- 
ally organized are 
then scientifically 

That is all. 

Send for "THE VITAL 
Book, illustrated in col- 
ors) FREE. Address 


&he NATURAL FOOD CO., Niagara Falls, N. Y. 



Have you seen one? It is 

up-to-date. Think of it, 

everything within reach. No 

heavy trays, but light, smooth 

drawers. Holds as much and costs 

no more than a good box trunk. 

Tttnttlr Hand riveted, almost indestructible. 

J[ rVHTlV ( - )nce tried i always recommended. 

Sent C. O. D., privilege examination. 

2C stamp for catalogue. Mention Recre vtiom. 


87 W. Spring St.. Columbus, O. 

If you 
would like 
to be thor- 
oughly well 
as to 

and GLASS! 

with a view to 1 
obtaining it from^ 
the largest collection in 
the world, at 

«* % Less than 

Send for our Catalogue 
13(11) carrying more than 
a thousand illustrations. 

"How to Serve a Din- 
ner, ' ' an elegant brochure | 
by "Oscar" of the Wal- 
dorf-Astoria, also sent free| 
to those really interested. 
West 21st & 22d Sts., New Yorl 

(Near 6th Avenue) 




I will send you a thorough trial course of 
DEVELOPMENT free of all expense, 
if you will send a year's subscription, 
$i oo to 

Sandow's Magazine for 1903 

Each number will contain, among other valuable fea- 
tures, one of a series of the most perfect Anatomical 
Charts (in colors) ever published. During the year 


will contain more than 1 ,000 pages of the most authen- 
tic, valuable, and interesting information on 

Physical Culture, Hygiene and Recreation 

Send sex, age, height, weight, vocation, the general 
condition of your heart, lungs, stomach, and nerves, 
and I will immediately make up and forward you a 
personal course of exercises which, if practised a few 

minutes daily, will 

EUGEN SANDOW Kee P y° u in P erfect health and 
boston, mass. fully demonstrate my system 


recommends itself and re- 
minds you that on receipt 
of your name and address 
we will mail you our 


containing samples of 

Corduroy ', Canvas, Macintosh, Flannels, etc., 
also cuts, descriptions and blanks for measurement. Address 

H. J. Upthegrove & Son, 

No. 2 Wood Street, VALPARAISO, IND. 




(trade mark) 




Pattern 28 Weight, 4% lbs. 

Absolutely Waterproof 

A Gentleman's Rain Coat 

" Can you furnish a GOOD Rubber Coat, Dot too heavy 
and yet strong and serviceaole, which I can use in my prac- 
tice as well as on fishing tru >s ; a d that will kkep me dry r" 
F. A. KNIGHTS, M.D., Minneapolis. 

Thi3 order we filled with a "BANNER" RUBBER 
COAT, Pattern 28, and 6 months later the Doctor saki 
•' It is just what I want aDd is the only coat I ever lound 


Sent express paid anywhere in United States on receipt 
ot$5.00. Sizes, 36 to 46 inches Length, 54 inches. 

Give chest measure over ordinary coat. 

Mackintoshes and Rain Coats made to order 

All best quality Rubber Goods 

Write lor List Nor20 


P 3314 So. Ninth Avenue 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

I have received $19.50 for Miss Irene 
Murray's pet wolf fund, and have sent her 
a check for $15. She asks $40 for the wolf. 
The Director of the United States Zoolog- 
ical Park at Washington has agreed to take 
the wolf and care for it, and all who visit 
Washington within the next few years may 
see Robin in a comfortable and commo- 
dious home. Readers who have not yet 
sent in their contributions to this fund are 
requested to do so at once in order that 
Miss Murray may have the use of the 
money in completing her education. Any 
sum from 10c. to 50c. will be gratefully 
accepted.. The list of contributors will be 
printed in Recreation as soon as com- 

The why some shop* 
keepers do not sell 


h they make more 
money on imitations 
50 cents and a dollar. 
Ask at favorite shop, 

or post prepaid from 

C. A. Edgarton Mfg. Co. 

Box2 1 9-1 Shirley, Mass. 

Send 6 cents for catalogue. 



The Remington-Lee must be seen to be 
appreciated.. No one who examines it 
can fail to see its many advantages over 
other sporting repeating rifles. It is ex- 
tremely simple, being composed of fewer 
parts than some single shot rifles. The 
bolt, the main part of the mechanism, can 
be dismounted without tools and removed 
in 10 seconds. All working parts of the 
gun can be cleaned in a minute by using an 
oiled rag. With the bolt removed, the in- 
terior of barrel can be cleaned from the 
breech and an unobstructed view of the 
bore can be had. 

Wlien the hammer is at half cock the 
mechanism locks, making it impossible for 
the bolt to open accidentally. The firing 
pin can not reach the shell in the barrel 
until the bolt is up and locked.. Having 
a hammer, it is not necessary to carry the 
gun at full cock when a shell is in the 
chamber, as is the case with a hammerless. 
The weapon balances perfectly and weighs 
but 6 J A pounds. It is equipped with a 
detachable box magazine, and 3 extra maga- 
zines accompanying each gun enable the 
shooter to discharge 20 shots without stop- 
ping to re-fill the holders. By pressing 
the magazine catch in front of the trigger 
the magazine and contents can be instantly 
removed, thus avoiding the danger which 
always attends working the cartridges out 
through the action. E. W. H., Gans, Pa. 

The Reason the LUTHER HAND=MADE GLOVE will not rid 

Machine sewing cuts itself 

Hand sewing cannot. 

A Practical Hunting and 

— Driving Glove 

Made for practical, comfortable, durability. No Oil. No 
Odor. No Animal Glue. Practically seamless. Cannot 
Rip. Unaffected by moisture of any kind. If soiled, may 
be washed with soap and hot water, without injury. The 
Luther Fastener is adjustable, fits any wrist and cannot get out of order 
Illustrated booklet, samples and self measurement rule on application, 
you prefer u . 308 Driving Glove postpaid anywhere $1.50, made to measure $2 
',0 buy through Ko 32 Gauntlet, " ' 2.50, " " 3 

your dealer » """I *■" 

Sushis j p LUTHER GLOVE CO., 636 Pearl St., Berlin, Wis. 



CONLEY MFG. CO., St. Joseph, Missouri 

Notice our Prices 

Ordinary Field 


Corduroy Collar 

and Cuffs 


Conley Combination Coat, Vest and Duck Blind, $5 

Field Trousers, Adjustable Belt, $1.50 
Coat and Pants, $4 

All our garments are now made of English Khaki Cloth same as adopted by the U. S. Government for Army 
Uniform. Light green color. Very light weight. Noiseless in the woods. Send for booklet and measurement 
blanks. Mention Recreation. 

Shooting Jacket 


GUARANTEED all wool, seamless, elastic, 
close fitting, but not binding, comfortable 
and convenient. Designed especially for 
duck shooters, trap shooters, etc., but suitable 
for all out-door purposes. Must be seen to be 
appreciated. Made only in two colors — dead 
grass and Oxford Gray. 

Send us your address for one of our Gun Catalogs. 

The H. H. KiFFE CO., 523 Broadway, N.Y 

The Celebrated 


Shoes and 


on file 
m e a s 
of all who 
Boots and 
Shoes of the 
Co., of New York 
for the past 20 
years, and I make 
the same grade of 
sportsmen's foot- 
wear as they made. 
I was superin- 
tendent of the 
shoe department 
of that firm and bought the 
right to make these boots and 
shoes. Get a pair now. They 
will last years and are the cheap- 
est in the end. I refer by permis 
sion to the Editor of Recreation 

Measurement blanks and prices on 
application. Mention Recreation 


83 William Strtet, MEW ARK, N. J. 

Ml Work 




Putman Boots 

Oo on like a glove *"«? fit all over. 

For a Quarter of a Century Putman Boots have been the 
Standard among Western Hunters, Prospectors, Ranchmen and 
Engineers (who demand the best) and we have learned through 
our persona] contact with them how to make a perfect boot. 
Putman Boots are in use in nearly every civilized country in 
the World. They are Genuine Hand Sewed, Water 
Proof, Made to measure, Delivery charges prepaid, and 
cost no more than others. Send for catalogue of over 
30 Different Styles of boots, and blank for self 
measurement. Also Indian Tanned Moosehide 

Illustration shows No. 900, 14 Inches high, 
Black or Brown Leather. 

Made to measure and delivered ^7 Cfl 
in the U. S. Canada or Mex. for $ I ■ JU 


36 Hennepin Ave. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. 

Last October I shot a large blacktail 
deer with a 30-30 Winchester. The animal 
was fully 225 yards away. I hit him in the 
right hind leg. The bullet, a soft nose, 
passed through the leg into the body, going 
through the heart and lodging in the left 
shoulder just beneath the skin. The lead 
spread over the copper jacket to the size of 
a 25 cent piece. I have been looking over 
my guns, which have been put away 4 to 7 
months. We have had unusually wet 
weather, yet they are as bright as when 
they left the factory. To keep them so, I 
fill the barrels with vaseline. 

W. H. LaBeaurd, Dallas, Tex. 

I am more than pleased with your maga- 
zine. Keep it up and give it to the game 
hogs. I used to be one, but Recreation 
cured me and although I use a Winchester 
repeating shot gun, I stop in time. 

J. Robertson, Wichita Falls, Tex. 


From Drink 

by a new discovery, odorless and tasteless, which any lady can give in 
tea, coffee or food. It does its work so silently and surely that while 
the devoted wife,sister or daughter looks on,the drunkard is reclaim- 
ed even against his will and without his knowledge or co-operation. 
Send your name and address to Dr. J. W. Haines, 2200 Glenn Building, 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and he will mail enough of the remedy free to 
show how it is used in tea, coffee or food. 


Made only by HENRY C. SQUIRES <S. SON 
20 Cortlandt St., New York 
The leather is waterproof, fine grained, 
tough and pliable. The 
linings are russet calf- 
Skin. The soles are 
best waterproof anhy- 
drous oak leather, 
stitching of silk, Eng- 
lish back stays, bulldog 
toes, extra heavy eye- 
lets, Pratt fasteners 
and hand made 
throughout. Price 
$7.50 net. Short Boots 
$8.50, Knee Boots 
$10, Cavalry Style 
Boots $12. 
Special circular 
giving detailed 
free for the 

(Mention Ricbsation. 






Editor and Manager of RECREATION, 23 West 24th St., New York. 
Herewith find $1.00 for which please send me RECREATION one year 

beginning with. 



Remit by P. O. or Expess Money Order, or New York Draft. 


N. Y., we breed for FOUNDATION STOCK 

only, from the best strain 
DOES, 6 to 10 months old 
bred to IMPORTED 
BUCKS, for $3 each. Fine 
color and strictly O. K. We guarantee all 
stock as recommended. We have a fine 
Mention Recreation. 


Free : To anyone sending me $3 for three 
subscriptions to Recreation I will send a 
pair of pretty Flying Squirrels. For seven 
subscriptions I will give a fine pair of Fox 
Squirrels. E. F. Pope, Colmesneil, Texas. 



Another Good Offer. Send me $1 for a 
subscription to Recreation, orsenditdired 
to Recreation to be credited to my account, 
and I will send you free, a beautiful un- 
mounted Mexican Opal, which would cost 
ordinarily from 50c to $r. Don M. Harris- 
30S Crawford Road, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Eggs Free: To all who send me 3 yearly 
subscriptions to Recreation, at $1 each, 1 
will send one sitting of barred Plymouth 
rock eggs. America's best strains. Chas. 
Knisely, Prairie Depot. Ohio. 

Mexican Opals Free : To any one sub- 
scribing to Recreation through me, I will 
send a beautiful genuine Mexican Opal, 
arge as a bean. 

A. Thomson, Box 332, San Antonio, Tex. 

Received the Marble hunting knife sent 
best knife I ever saw. I thank you for it. 
me as a premium in good shape. It is the 
C. H. Bailey, Blue Hill, Me. 


ARTHUR F. RICE, Secretary L. A. S., 23 W. 24th St., New York. 

Dear Sir: Enclosed $i for membership fee for one year. 

I certify that I am eligible to membership in the L. A. S. under the 
provisions of the constitution, and refer to 2 League members (or to 3 
other reputable citizens) named hereon. 

Name. . 


Street or P. O. Box- 

City or Towti- 

Detacb this, fill out and send in. 





Best Grade 
Rubber Tires 


The rapid increase in the volume 
of our business and the vast number of 
satisfied customers on our books prove 
we can serve your interests best. 

We manufacture a full line of Buggies, 
Carriages, Wagons and Harness of very superior 

Quality— Style 
Durability and Finish 

These four essentials are to be found in every vehicle 
and set of harness sent out by us. We employ only 
skilled mechanics in all departments and furnish them 
with the very best materials. With the entire output of 
two enormous modern factories and superb shipping 
facilities at our disposal, we are able to furnish 
high-grade vehicles at prices that— quality considered 

Positively Defy Competition. 

All goods guaranteed and shipped on approval. Money 
back if you are not satisfied. Write at once for our catalog 
and special inducement, it will interest you. 
UNION BUGGY COMPANY, 495 Saginaw Street, Pontlac , Mich. 

Taxidermist's Materials 

Glass Eyes for Stuffed Birds and Animals 
Oologist's and Entomologist's Supplier 

Send Jc. in stamps for Catalogue 

88 State'Street, Chicago, 111. 

Taxidermy -work done in all its branches 


I have on hand a fair assortment of our Native Bird 
Skins, suitable for schools, museums or private collec- 

During the season of 1903 I will collect any birds or 
mammals to order. 

Finest mounted work a specialty. 

R- D. HOYT, Taxidermist, 



Published monthly by an ex- 
perienced hunter, trader and 
trapper — tells about hunting, 
trapping and raw furs. Con- 
tains 64 pages each month. 

Sample copy, 10 cents, silver. 

Address Hunter-Trader-Trapper 
Box 30, Gallipolis, Ohio 

BIRDS, ETC., for sale at unheard-of prices. 
Send 10 cents for photos. 

JOHN CLAYTON, Taxidermist, Lincoln, Maine, 


A Great Offer! 


To thoroughly introduce our beautiful and 
gorgeously colored NAVAJO INDIAN 
BLANKETS in every appreciative Ameri- 
can home, we the undersigned will, on receipt 
of TEN DOLLARS (fio in P.O. money order, 
bank draft, or express money order, send you 
a magnificent Closery Woven, Gorgeously 
Colored and Designed 


that cannot be retailed by any other dealer at 
less than $20. NOW DON'T DELAY, but 
write at once, and leave the picking out for us 
to decide. Your money back if not satisfied. 
No two blankets sold to any one person. Make 
remittances payable to this Company. 

Parties west of the Mississippi River address 
LEANDER SniTH, Post Trader, 
Canon Diablo, Arizona. 

East of the River : 



Detroit, Mich. 

Squabs are raised in 1 month, bring big 
prices. Eager market. Astonishing 
profits. Easy for women and invalids. 
Use your spare time profitably. Small 
>pace and capital. Here is something 
worth looking into. Facts given in our 
FREE BOOK, "How to make money 
with Squabs." PLYMOUTH ROCK 
SQUAB CO., 11 Friend St., Boston, Mass. 


10,000 Pheasants, 60,000Quail, IO,OOOSquabs 

The demand is greater than the supply. Why not 
breed them yourself and make money? We will buy 
all you raise. Send two stamps for book with colored 
pictures, which tells you how to succeed. 

Our February Fiver — 1 globe, 2 Jap. cold fish.boxfish 
food, bunch water plants, book of instructions. All 50c 
Va'ue, $1.75. Shipped safely anywhere. 
Station A, No. 5 


Genesee Valley Poultry Yards, 

AVON, 1ST. Y. 

S. C. White Leghorns — Large, White, Hardy. 
Great Layers. The 20th Century "Business Fowl," 
Mammoth Pekin Ducks, Prize-Winning Barred 
Rocks, Buff Wyandottes, Stock and Eggs. Remem- 
ber next Spring. OUR eggs hatch. Write wants, 
we '11 treat you right. 

BAIII TDV PAPER, illust'd, 20 page*. 

rUUL I II I 25 cents per year. 4 months' 
trial 10 cents. Sample Free. 64-page practical 
poultry book free to yearly subscribers. 
Book alone 10 cents. Catalogue of ponltrj 
books free. Poultry A elvocate, Syracuse* «.K 


Recreation with the 
aid of a Mullins' 
Metal Boat or Canoe 
is as near perfect as 
you can get it* 

Send for our handsome illus- 
trated catalogue — Frbe. 



44 nilSinPl> ' ' WOODEN TAKE- 

Handy, substantial, light and portable. 
One dozen pack in smaller space and 
weigh less than two solid wooden decoys. 
Move about in lightest 
breeze; more alluring than 
stationary decoys. Can- 
not blow over. Price per 
doz. complete, $5.00. Write 
for illustrated circular. 

H. S. DILLS, Patentee, 21 nth St., Auburn, Ind. 

Free : To anyone sending, through me, 
$1 for yearly subscription to Recreation, I 
will send free a No. 1 Sportsman's Medicine 
Case; for 2 subscriptions a Physician's 
Pocket Medicine Case ; for 10 subscriptions 
1,000 12-gauge primed paper shot shells. 
This offer is not open to old subscribers who 
formerly have sent in their*subscriptions to 
the office of Recreation, but to all others. 
Walter Lusson, Ardmore, Pa. 

To each person sending me $1. (P.O. 
Money order) for one year's sub- 
scription to Recreation, I will 
send his choice of the following. 

A Genuine Briar Pipe with Genuine Amber Bit, or 
a Braided Leather Dog Whip with snap on end, or a 
Polished Steel Dog Chain with swivels, snaps, etc., or 
a MacMillan Shell Extractor for any size of shellfrom 
8 guage to 22 caliber, or a Pocket Compass, 1 in. dial 
open 1 ace, watch shape,with ring handle, bevel crystal 

EDWARD S. ADAMS, Box 536, Manchester, N.H. 


8 W 

Warm Feet. 

The greatest comfort and luxury of modern days; 
magnetic fire under your feet; the greatest life-pro- 
tector known; your feet keep warm all the time, 
even if standing in water, snow and Ice. Keeps 
rheumatism, colds and grippe out. Send for book 
full of information mailed FREE on request. 


Masonic Temple, 128 Chicago, III. 


Huron Indian Work: To any one sub- 
scribing to Recreation through me I will 
give a Bracelet and Ring worked in horse- 
hair, with any small inscription you like, 
your name, etc. , woven in it with caribou 
hair; quite a curiosity, Send along your $1. 
Walter Legare, $i$% John Street, Quebec, 

FISHING. — Black Bass and Salmon. 

Illustrated Guide with Maps of the 


Apply to E. A. GEIGER, Sup't 
Brockville, Westport & S. Ste. M. Ry., Brockville, Ont. 





4 New York to 
i Old Point Comfort 
J Norfolk, 

^ Virginia Beach, 

*f Richmond, Va., k 

* * ' ■ \' ' ' 

^ and 

i Washington, D. C. 

4 3.00 P.M. 

Old Dominion Steamship Co. 

H.B. WALKER, T.M. J. J. BROWN, G. P. A. 

81 and 85 Beach Street New York 

*r?ra^ra^c^n*^ , ^JCW^5* , w*T<rx 




I am the owner of what I consider a 
most excellent weapon, a '99 model Savage. 
The balance of the arm is perfect, being 
equal to the highest grade shot gun in 
that respect. The shooting qualities are 
first class, the little lead miniatures shoot- 
ing with the same regularity as the full 
range. This is one of the fine points of 
the Savage, and is not possessed by any 
other high pressure rifle that I know of. 
The Savage is a beautifully finished gun, 
strongly built and most simple in construc- 
tion. It is well worth its price. I have 
used Savage and Laflin & Rand sporting 
rifle smokeless powders. I like the latter 
best for the miniatures ; it can not of course 
be used in anything larger than miniature 
charges. I use 8 to 10 grains in the minia- 
ture lead cartridge, by Laflin & Rand pow- 
der measure. The bullet is the regular 
Savage miniature, Ideal No. 30810, weight 
100 grains. This is a good all around short 
range bullet ; its point being round it does 
not tear small game much. 

I should like to hear from some of Rec- 
reation's readers what success they have 
had in using the paper patched Savage 
cartridge. I have my rifle fitted with a 
Lyman jack sight and Lyman leaf sight. 
I also have a Savage wind gauge peep 
sight, which fits on the tang. I note W. 
F. W.'s trouble with a Savage. He proba- 
bly used a low front sight. If he puts on 
high front sight his rifle will, I think, shoot 
all right. 

I prefer the rifle to any other arm, and 
my most enjoyable hours are spent with 
it. I have had more success with the Sav- 
age than with any other rifle I have owned, 
as it seems to suit every occasion. 

The Savage people are most gentlemanly 
and obliging, and willing to make good any 
defects in their rifles. 

G. L. W., Pasadena, Cal. 

For Sale : 45-90 Winchester, good as 
new, also reloading tools and. ammunition ; 
reasonable. Chas. F. Wilken, 591 Broad- 
way, New York. 



THE Fay & Bowen Marine Motor is a rev- 
elation to those who have used others. 
Reliable, safe, durable and easy to oper- 
ate. Rema'rkable speed control. Best of all, 
it starts when you start it. No handle or 
crank is used. Our patented ignitor is abso- 
lutely unique and always instant and posi- 
tive in action. It is really the only perfect and 
satisfactory ignitor. 

Motors complete from x% to 25 H. P. ready 
for installation. We also build handsome 
launches with motors installed and ready 

to run. 

Send for Catalogue. 

Fay & Bowen, 

28 Mill Street Auburn, N, Y. 

Ho Fire, Smoke, Heat. Absolutely Safe. Free Catalog. 
TRUSCOTT BOAT MFG. CO., St. Joseph, Mich. 


Gasoline Engines and Launches 


of both two and four cycle type in stock. 

Special discount on launches ordered during 
winter months for Spring delivery 

PALMER BROS., - Cos Cob, Conn. 




Successors to 

The Spalding St. Lawrence Boat Co., 

r The FAMOUS St. Lawrence River Ships 
Cedar Canoes 
Builders of \ Canvas Covered Cedar Canoes 
Speed Launches 

Makers of 

Send for Spar Book= 
let No. 4. 


Skiff, Rowboat and Canoe Catalogue 
No. 5. 


J. G. FRASER, Manager 

Whitestone Landing, Long Island, N. Y. 

Received the rifle. Please accept my sin- 
cere thanks. It is hard for me to under- 
stand how it is possible for you to give 
such valuable premiums for a few sub- 
scribers. The premiums I have received 
from you are : a Syracuse hammerless ; 3 
Harrington & Richardson single guns ; one 
watch ; one special rifle. 

George Burkhardt, Buffalo, N. Y. 

I received the Shattuck double hammer- 
less shot gun you sent me for 25 sub- 
scriptions to your magazine. Am well 
pleased with it. It is easy to get subscrib- 
ers for Recreation ; in a few hours any 
one can earn a valuable premium. 

L. L. Loomis, Lakewood, O. 


Send for catalogue of our full line of Folding 
Canvas Boats and Canoes, which have been 
adopted by Governments of United States, 
Canada and England. Just filled an order for 
U. S. Government who prefer our boats. Received medal and award at Chicago World's 
Fair. If you investigate we will get your order. Mention Kecreation. 

Acme Folding Boat Company, Miaumisb\irg t O 



Manufacturers of Gasoline Launches, Sail, Row, and Hunting Boats. Our prices are low, 
our work guaranteed. Launches, $150 up. Row Boats, $22 up. Hunting Skiffs, $20 
up. The oldest Boat Company in the State. Write for Wants. Mention Recreation. 



pjl/Cf^vr CPOI?T^/Vl AN and lover of boating recognizes the need of a well modeled and 

Ct V t-* tv I O* Vflv ■ «^l"i.r\l^l reliable boat which can be collapsed for convenience in car- 
rying and storage. Several makes are on the market, but none which in any particular equals the KING. 

A King Folding Canvas Boat 


IS BUILT ENTIRELY BY HAND LABOR. Carefully framed and modeled by HAND, NOT BY 
MACHINERY. Its indestructible steel frame is made to stand salt water by heavy galvanizing. 
NO BAGGING between the ribs is possible owing to tue automatic tension ot the Spring Steel Frame of 
12 longitudinal and 13 diagonal ribs. This ribbing is covered by U. S. patents. Makes the 


With Air Chambers 

They Float 100 Pounds ! 

Bottom Boards 
Rest on the Frame 
Not on the Canvas 

They are Stiffer than a Wooden Boat because 
the lines are fuller, and are much easier to row 
or paddle. 

Send 6c. for Catalogue No. 7 

60 illustrations and 250 testimonials 

11 -foot Special 

King Folding Canvas Boat Co. 

Kalamazoo, Mich., U. S. A. 

I recently bought a 30-40 Winchester, 
and it certainly is a great killer. I find 
much amusement in testing its marvelous 
penetration by shooting at ^-inch boiler 
plate cut to represent a grizzly bear. Large 
bones also furnish excellent and instructive 
targets. A soft nose bullet generally 
knocks them to flinders. Sometimes, too, 
I am fortunate enough to secure a dead 
horse for a mark. No other target better 
illustrates the fearful killing power of the 
30-40. A soft point bullet leaves a scarcely 
perceptible mark at the entrance, but at the 
point of exit the orifice really reminds 
one of a woodchuck's excavation. It is 
diverting to hear the big bore cranks de- 
fend their old fashioned guns. Come, 
Brethren, be honest. Which is the most 
killing weapon : a gun like the 30-40, which 
will shoot through the shank of a 90-pound 
steel rail, or a 45-70, which will barely 
bulge it; a gun which will whip a bullet 
through a 6-foot oak, or one which shows 
a penetration little better than one foot in 
soft pine? 
H. R. von Lommel. Pleasantville, N. Y. 

I have known many shooters to use 
smokeless powder in black powder rifles 
and in each case it has proved disastrous 
to the life of the arm. They say "The fac- 
tories load such ammunition and it must be 
all right." They find their mistake when it 
is too late. 

The factories do load such cartridges for 
rifles and revolvers, but first class sporting 
goods houses now tag even the best re- 
volvers that they are not guaranteed with 
smokeless powder. One retail store in St. 
Louis can tell of 3 burst revolvers in one 
day in that city. 

I have not known of many burst black 
powder rifles from using factory loaded 
smokeless ammunition, but I have known of 
swollen chambers, and rifling stripped out. 
A friend spoiled 2 first class black powder 
rifles and I spoiled the barrel of a good 22 
caliber repeater by using smokeless powder. 
My advice based on experience is : Use only 
black powder in rifles where barrels are not 
marked to show that the manufacturer rec- 
ommends them for smokeless powder. 
M. M. Conlon, Traverse City, Mich. 



6reak spark GASOLINE ENGINES 8c LAUNCHES. jump Spark 



To Recreation Readers : I am or- 
ganizing a club of subscribers for Recrea- 
tion, with a view to securing a premium, 
and I submit this offer; to each person 
sending me $1 for yearly subscripiion to 
Recreation, I will send a 25ct. Dominion 
of Canada bank note. There are but a 
few of these in in circulation and I have 
succeeded in collecting a number of them. 
These are interesting souvenirs and are 
especially valuable to persons who are 
making collections of coins or other curios. 
Walter Legare, 518 John St., Quebec, Can. 

Cppp To anyone subscribing to Recreation 
rntL through me I will give a cloth copy of 
one of Cooper's, Dickens', Dumas', Thackeray's or 
Conan Doyle's books. Address, 

J. M. RUGEN, 2108 West Lake St., Chicago, 111. 






76 State Street, 




Hand-made from the toughest wood 
and finest bamboo; they are superior to 
all others. Cost a little more, perhaps, 
but are not so expensive as cheap rods 
that break with little use. A true sports- 
man is never quite satisfied with anything 
short of the best. Send for catalog. 

Mention Recreation. 


76 State St., Utica. N. Y. 

Do You Want a Drinking Cup Free? 

Send me $1 for a new subscription to Recre- 
ation and I will send you either a fine nickel- 
plated folding drinking cup or a collapsible 
rubber cup. For 10 cents extra will send 
by registered mail. Thomas H. Walker, 
29S Merrimac Street, Manchester, N. H. 


To any person sending me $1 for one 
year's subscription to Recreation, I will 
give free, a choice of the following: — 

One dozen 5x7 Stanley dry plates; 
or one dozen 4x5 Seed dry plates; or 
one 8 x 10 bromide enlargement from your 
pet negative. Jay L. Robson, 64 Main St., 
Batavia, N. Y. 




racine, tutis, 

Sporting Ms Specialties, ES 

Patentees and Manufacturers of the latest invented and improved 

Catalogues free to all. Our 
that transforms the ordinary quadruple Fishing Reel into an automatic 
Even Spooling Reel in five minutes is a wonderful invention, and that 
anglers know it to be a necessary adjunct to the Fishing Reel is evidenced 
by the letters pouring in from fishermen in all parts of the U.S. and Canada, 
the result of inserting only a small ad. twice in Recreation. 

High Grade Goods Sold Under a Guarantee. PRICES RIGHT 
Write to-day for our 1903 Catalogue. Mention Recreation. 





The "last word" 
in the art of 
Rod Making 



Marble's Safety 

Pocket Knife. 

We offer something better in the way of a hunting knife. 

Not merely better than the old unreliable kind, but far and away the BEST 

folding hunting knife made, equal in quality to our celebrated Ideal hunting 

knives, and one of the latest and best of the Marble Tricks. 

It has a five-inch blade which folds into a four-inch handle. When the knife is 

open the blade locks so firmly that no mischance can cause it to close. It is as 

rigid as a one-piece knife. 

When it is closed it may be carried in the pocket or at the belt. 
It is not a ramshackle toy but a thoroughly dependable knife, which will 
never fail in the hour of need. 
It is hand tested and hand made from the very best steel — tempered to 
stand the hard knocks of field service, beautifully finished and it bears the 
" MAHBLE" guarantee of quality. 
The price is $4.00. Get one from your dealer or direct from the makers. 
Send for catalogue " a." 


p Gladstone, Mich. 


Have subscribed for your magazine dur- 
ing the last 2 years and would not be with- 
out it if it cost twice as much and came 
but once in 3 months. 

F. G. Smith, San Francisco, Cal. 

I received the Horton rod you sent me as 
a premium and am more than pleased 
with it. R. E. Norway, Laconia, N. H. 

I could no more afford to be without 
Recreation than I could without my 
dinner. H. J. Strehlau, Toledo, O. 

Recreation is the best journal in the 
United States. 

A. L. Gutheil, Winchester, Ind. 

I have taken your magazine a long time 
and read it with great pleasure. Go after 
the rooters until nothing is left but the 

'Wm. Henry, Jr., Shelbyville, III. 

I have just received the Marble gaff 
hook as a premium for subscriptions to 
Recreation and am much pleased with it. 
There is no better magazine than yours. 
Oscar Holen, Argyle, Minn. 

I received the Marble safety pocket axe 
you sent me. Am delighted with it. Please 
accept my thanks. 

Chas. Seitsworth, Sturgeon, Pa. 


Buffalo Skulls 


Also polished or unpolished horns in pairs or single. 
Polished horns tipped with incandescent electric lights ; 
polished hunting horns ; mirrors hung in polished horns, 
etc. These are decided novelties and are in great de- 
mand for sportsmen's dens, offices, club-rooms, halls, 
tc. Send for illustrated catalog. Mention Recrea- 

141 Washington St. Hartford, Conn, 



Seven Gold Medals and Five 

Diplomas of Honor 
Bronze Medal Paris Exposi- 
tion, 1900 




Mention Recreation. 
Send for Circular 

J. R BUCKELEW, n 1 Chambers Street 

New York City 







Practical Common Sense 
in 6 Sizes. 


Either with or 
without oven. The 
lightest, strongest, 
most compact, prac- 
tical stove made. 
Cast combination 
sheet steel top, 
smooth outside, 
heavy lining in fire 
box and around oven, holds its shape, telescopic pipe 
carried inside the stove. Burns larpe 1 wood and keeps 
fire longer than any other. Used by over 9,000 campers 
and only one stove returned . 

For catalogue giving lull particulars, mention Rec 
reation and address, 

D. W. GREE, Manufacturer, Griggsville, 111. 


Quickly secured. OUR FEE DUE WHEN PATENT 
OBTAINED. Send model, sketch or photo, with 
description for free report as to patentability. 48 -PAGE 
HAND-BOOK FREE. Contains references and full 
OFFER. It is the most liberal proposition ever made by 
a. patent attorney, and EVERT INVENTOR SHOULD 
READ IT before applying for patent. Address: 



feProitBidg., WASHINGTON, D. C. 

Brass Rod for 
Cleaning Rifles 

A four-jointed rod with 
No. 246 bristle or No. 246 
B brass wire brush . . . 

IVyTADE with revolving 
snakewood handle 
which allows the rod to turn 
in the barrel and follow the 
grooving without unscrewing. 
Packed complete in bag. Cat- 
alog price $1.00 each. 

Send for co7nplete Catalog 
describing shot gun and 
rifle implements 

The Bridgeport Gun Implement Co,, 

313-317 Broadway, New York. 



'Wholesale & Retail 
Curio Dealers' 
Supply Depot. 
Bead Work, Baskets. Elk Teeth, Mexican 
G >ods, Fossils, Minerals, Arrow -Heads, 
Potte-y, Alaska Ivories, Shells, Agates, 
Photos. Great stock, BigCata. 5c, stamps. 
Mention Recreation . 1 1 a d ealer , say so . 

Dead wood . . . .So. Dakota 




in Loading and Re-Loading your ov.n 
Shot Gun Shells if you have the proper 
implements. r There is an entire line of 


for this purpose Now Ready. Full descrip- 
tion and prices of all will be found in our new 
booklet entitled "Hints on Loading and 
Reloading Shot Gun Shells," which will 
be sent to any address upon application to 
IDEAL MANUF'G CO., 12 U St., New Haven, Conn., I). S. A. 

PHIL. B. BEKEART C0. f of San Francisco, Cal., Agents for Pacific Coast. 

When you write please mention Recreation 



I Jjkr l, fa < A &%** 

THERE are many pleasant 
days in Winter when one 
feels like- shooting tar- 
gets, but the gun club grounds 
are closed for the season. 
Every trap shooter should pro- 
vide for these occasions by 
owning a J. C. Hand Trap. 
Does all the work of the ground 
trap and more. Throws any 
target at any angle. Weighs 
but bix pounds and can be car- 
ried anywhere. Dealers write. 
Sent by prepaid express on 
receipt of price, $4.00. 

I took to Scotland the 5x7 Wizard I got 
from you over a year ago when I was at 
Rumford Falls. It was so much admired 
by my brothers that I left it with them, al- 
though I hated to part with it. 

R. D. Wilson, Andover, Mass. 

The Weno Hawk-Eye camera you sent me 
is a fine instrument. Accept my grateful 
thanks for it. I am trying to get more new 

P. J. Benson, Provo, Utah. 

I sincerely hope with the vast army of 
other earnest sympathizers that you may 
live to be an 100 years older to wage your 
war on the game hog. 

F. M. Carpenter, Port Royal, Pa. 

Enclosed please find my renewal for 
Recreation, which is one of the most inter- 
esting magazines that I have had the good 
luck to secure. 

Ernest S. Yates, Johnsonburg, Pa. 

The Horton rod you sent me for 5 sub- 
scriptions is the best thing in that line 
I have ever seen. 

V. H. Sawyer, Adrian, Mich. 

Had I the dollars of Andrew Carnegie 
I would send Recreation all over the 
earth. Chas. Vitons, East Pittsburg, Pa. 

Newhouse Traps 


Used by all professional hunters and trappers, 
who find that 

The Best Trap is the Cheapest 

Complete illustrated catalogue on 


Do you want a Good, Reliable, 
Substantial, Well Made 

Single Barrel Shot Gun 

If so, send me 


and I will send you such a 
Gun as a premium 

It is made by the DA VENP0R7 ARMS 
CO., and this means it is made of good 
material and that only good vvorkmanhip 
is put on it. 

This is one of the many remarkable op- 
portunities RECREATION is offering to 
men and boys to fit themselves out com- 
pletely for shooting and fisbing. 

Sample Copies for Use in Canvassing 
Furnished on Application. 



23 W* 24th St., New York City 


Bears, Lions, Deer, Turkey, Antelope, Mountain Sheep, 
etc., are to be found in great numbers in the country 
contiguous to the Sierra Madre Line, in Northern 
Mexico. For particulars address: 

JNO. P. RAMSEY, Gen. Mgr. 
Box 687, EE PASO, TEX. 

B. Bernard 

Buyer of Raw Furs and 
Ginseng Root. 

150 Bleecker St.. New York. 

Quotations sent on request. 




We announce that our perfected SNAPSHOT telescope, which is 
the innocent cause ot the present " Revolution " in rifle telescopes, 
is still unrivaled as a hunting and offhand rifle sight, and that our 
High Grade Target Telescopes and Mountings hold the record for 
finest targets and the smallest group on record at 200 YARDS. 
A great variety oftelescopes at from $10 00 upward. 

always ma le them so. While other firms that boast of their antiquity were still advocating the 
impractical Ion? narrow kind, we were making SNAPSHOT tele-copes with shorter tube, low 
power, largest fiel'l and practically universal focus, an1 selling them. too. 

The "Evolution" of this telescope is the cause of the "Revolution " we now heir of. 

Send for our List and Sheet on mounting up the telescope, adjustments of the same, etc. 

JOHN W. SIDLE, 628 Race Street, Philadelphia 

Mention Recreation. 

A Hunting Knife Free. To any person 
sending me three yearly subscriptions to 
Recreation and $3, I will send a pocket 
hunting knife with handle 5^ inches long 
and blade 5 inches long. Fine steel, excel- 
lent workmanship. Your name and address 
and your L.A.S. number if desired inserted 
on a plate in the handle. 

Geo. W. Mains, McKeesport, Pa, 

I refer by permission to the editor of 

For Sale : 500 horses ; all ages ; equally 

divided as to sex; weight 650 to 1,000 

pounds ; 200 colts thrown in (no charge). 

Price $7 a head. F. O. B. cars. W. H. Root, 

1063 1st St., Salt Lake City, Utah. 

For Sale : A $40 Al-Vista Camera. Will 
accept best offer. Nehring H. P. Telephoto 
Lens, $4, and Focusing Finder, $3; both 

Harry G. Higbee, Hyde Park, Mass. ' 

Wanted : 16 gauge Winchester repeater 
take down, for double 16 or rifles. 

David S. Wegg, Jr., 293 Ontario St., 
Chicago, 111. 

Wanted : Small gasoline launch and 
Mullin's duck boat. 

G. R. Dayton, Cedar Falls, Iowa. 

For Sale: 2,300 acres of mountain and 
forest land in Wayne Co., Pa., 4 miles from 
Erie Railway station. Beautiful lake 2 
miles long, well stocked with fish. Deer, 
grouse, squirrels and rabbits on and about 
this tract. J, S. Ames, Hawley, Pa. 
Mention Recreation. 

For Sale or Exchange : One new, never 
used, No. 2, Recreation pneumatic camp 
mattress; cost $23. Want 12 guage double 
hammerless gun, duck-boat, small wall tent, 
S. & W. revolver, or best cash offer. 
Chas. E. Arnold, Box 543, Lewisburg, Pa. 

For Sale: Large size Regina music box, 
27 in. plates; no reasonable offer refused. 
Or would exchange for sporting goods ; 17 
plates, with box. J. J. Seinroth, 

11-15 Main St., Hartford, Conn. 

For Sale or Exchange : $42 Ballard rifle 
and complete reloading outfit; caliber 
32-40; price $25. Or will trade for a No. 1 
shot gun. Rifle is practically as good as 
new. Edward C. Suffern, Atwood, 111. 

For Sale : A grandfather's clock, 90 to 
100 years old, 8 feet tall; in good running 
order; wood movement; a perfect timepiece. 
Will take $40 for it. 

P. Breckenridge, Ashtabula, Ohio. 




Write for Folder 

A Magnifying sight used with 
any Peep Sight. Fits in rear 
barrel slot. Folds down and 
allows use of Peep Sight. Has 
all the advantages of a tele- 
scope. No tube. Not a single 
objectionable feature. Complete. 

Mention Recreation. YORxV, ^s£jjE3Iv, 







Schoverling, Daly & Gales 

302=304 Broadway, 

New York 

Fins and Feathers 

are plentiful along the line of the 



St. Louis and San Francisco R.R, Co. 

Kansas City, Memphis and Birmingham R. R. 


Texas and Mexico 


Write for illustrated literature of interest to real 

Vestibuled Pullman Buffet Sleeper, through with- 
out change between New York and Memphis, Tenn., 
via Washington, D. C, Atlanta, Ga., and Birming- 
ham, Ala., in connection with Pennsylvania R. R. 
and Southern Ry. 

General Eastern Agent 
385 B'way, New York 


General Passenger Agent 

St. Louis, Mo. 

I should not know what to do without 
Recreation. It seems to go everywhere, 
and I get answers to my advertisement 
from the most unheard of places. 

John W. Sidle, Philadelphia, Pa. 

I am in receipt of Marble hunting knife. 
It is the handsomest knife I have ever seen 
and I thank you sincerely for it. 

A. N. Wirls, Cleveland, O. 

I received the Bristol steel fishing rod 
promptly and am greatly pleased with it. 
It is a daisy. 

H. L. Krauth, Hamilton, O. 

I received my Al Vista camera as a pre- 
mium for 12 subscribers. It works satis- 
factorily in every way and I thank you 
for it. J. Schauli, Woodhaven, N. Y. 

Everybody swears by Recreation. 
Long may she wave! B. F. Rawdon, 
Windsor, Ohio. 

Recreation is one of the best month- 
lies published. 

E. N. Coon, De Ruyter, N. 







Du Pont Smokeless 

During 1902, Fred. Gilbert, using 
Du Pont Smokeless, WON more 
first averages than any other 
shooter in the United States. 



I have used several makes of guns, and 
for fine snooting prefer the Remington. 
I now have 2 arms of that make. One is 
a double barrel, 12 gauge, %% pounds, shot 
gun that seems specially built for No,. 4 
shot. A harder, closer shooting weapon 
has yet to be placed in my hands. Last fall 
I shot a fox at 4 rods with a U. M. C. 
shell, 3 drams Dupont's smokeless and 
\% ounces No. 4's ; putting 81 pellets with- 
in a 4-inch circle, all but 3 passing entirely 
through the animal. This is one of many 
such shots. The second gun is a Reming- 
ton No. 4, .22 caliber. For game or target 
it is a top notcher. With it I killed 5 
woodchucks in an hour at 10 to 75 yards, 
using Winchester .22 long shells. People 
who think the .22 long is a popgun are 
mightily mistaken. 

Warren W. Coombs, Antrim, N. H. 


To any person sending me $1.00 for one year's sub- 
scription to Recreation I will give free a choice of 
the following: 50 fine Bristol Cards printed to copy in 
Gold Ink; or 50 Envelopes printed with return card 
and a cut representing an angler. With the words "If 
you don't catch him in 10 Days return to ;"or $0 Note- 
heads neatly printed. Write plainly to avoid mistake in 
printing. Samples of printing for stamp. Or I will 
give free a Bottle of Silver Plating Fluid for plating 
all kinds of metal surfaces ; or a Bottle of White Rose 
Cream for the complexion. Either new or old sub- 
scribers may take hold of this offer. Send money by 
registered letter. Address 


There are other railroads be- 
tween the east and the west. 


it is always well to secure the 
best you can for the money. 


You should bear in mind this re- 
markof an experienced traveler: 

" For the excellence of its tracks, the 
speed of its trains, the safety and com- 
fort of its pitrons, the loveliness and 
variety of its scenery, the number and 
importance of its cities, and the uni- 
formly correct character of its service, 
the New York Central &° Hudson River 
Railroad is not surpassed by any similar 
institution on either side of the Atlantic. ' ' 

Send to George H. Daniels, General Pas- 
senger Agent, Grand Central Station, New 
York, a 2-cent stamp for a 52-page illus- 
trated Catalogue of the " Four-Track Series." 




has fallen the honor of making the FIRST and ONLY 
PERFECT score which has ever been made in an all 
day tournament. 

At Spirit Lake, fa., Aug. 6th, 1902 

Events 15 15 20 15 15 20 15 15 20 15 15 20—200 

Score 15 15 20 15 15 20 15 15 20 15 15 20—200 

The above score was made by 


Send for Catalogue 

PARKER BROS., Meriden, Conn. 

New York Salesroom : No. 32 Warren St. 

Mention Recreation. 


I am a lover of the rifle, seldom using a 
shot gun. My ideal sport is hunting that 
cute combination of cunning and curiosity, 
the too little appreciated woodchuck. Un- 
doubtedly there is enjoyment in a chase af- 
ter deer or other big game; but if there is 
more satisfaction to be experienced than 
results from picking a chuck up by the 
tail after a successful shot then I have 
missed a whole lot. 

At present I am shooting a single shot, 
chambered for the latest caliber, the 28- 
30-120. It is an all right little arm, killing 
like lightning when one puts the shot in the 
right place, which in a chuck is the head or 
neck. The only fault I have to find is that 
the shell is too long to suit me. I use 
semi smokeless powder, and think it per- 
fection,. The 28-30 shell will hold 32 grains 
of powder and a wad if desired, provided 
the shell is well tapped. I never compress 
semi smokeless. Using the 120 grain bul- 
let, this gives a powerful and exceedingly 

accurate load, comparing in the latter re- 
spect to the 32-40. I have hit woodchucks 
at 60 yards with this load, and rolled them 
over and over. However, I do not always 
pick them up, for unless dropped dead in 
his tracks this bundle of vitality usually 
manages to reach home. I think the hol- 
low point bullet for the 28 should produce 
good results. I am not an advocate of 
small bore rifles using black powder for 
woodchuck hunting. Some claim all they 
want is a 22 long rifle cartridge in a good 
rifle for this kind of game, but it would not 
suit me. A woodchuck requires a load of 
great shocking power, one that will stop 
him even if not hit in the neck. No 22 
will do this; my 28 will not do it. Let 
us hear from some of the boys who have 
hunted this wily little scamp, and are pre- 
pared to say just what is needed for him 
in the line of calibers. I am strongly in- 
clined toward the 38-55 just now. One 
must needs take a long shot occasionally, 
and anything smaller than a 32 is likely to 
permit a retreat of the enemy at anything 
over 100 yards.. I am anxious to hear 
what users of the 32 Ideal cartridge have to 
say regarding it. Has anyone ever tried it 
on woodchucks? 

J. F. Roberts, Cassville, N. Y. 



Patented 1902. Others pending. 


Field Guns as Light as 
5X lbs. 


Send stamp 
for 1 903 
our goods. 



Manufacturers of the "New Lefever" 

Not connected with Lefever Arms Co. SYRACUSE, N.Y, 

a sp ecialty 

Our CI ean er 
by mall, 45c- 





of large and small game will be interested 
in the new line of 

Savage Hammerless 
Repeating Rifles for 1903 

This extended line of calibers will meet 
the demand of those desiring the 25-35, 32-40 
and 38-55 in a magazine rifle of the very- 
latest and most modern type. 

The 1903 Model 22 Caliber 

is a Hammerless re- 
p e a t e r containing 
features well worth 
your investigation. 
Our latest catalogue 
(G) is in the press 
and will be ready for 
distribution soon. 

Write and get 
your name on the 
mailing list. 

Savage Arms 


Baker & Hamilton, Sau 

Francisco and Sacramento, 
Cal., Pacific CoastAgents. 

The Horton rod you sent me arrived 
promptly and in good condition. The Hor- 
ton Mfg. Co. deserves great credit for the 
way it sends out goods. No use praising 
the rod; could not do it half justice. Like 
Recreation, it is all to the good. 

R. F. Draper, West Chester, Pa. 

I received the Guthrie hunting boots yes- 
terday and am delighted with them. They 
fit like a glove and are entirely satisfactory 
in every particular. I am well repaid for 
the little trouble I had in getting the re- 
quired subscriptions. 

E. W. Stevenson, Westerly, R. T. 

I received the Forehand revolver. It is 
more than I expected for so little work. 
It was just like finding it and I was really 
surprised when I saw what a handsome 
premium I had. It is a formidable weapon 
and a good shooter. I shall always get 
subscribers when I have the time to spare. 
I thank you for such a valuable premium 
and the prompt attention you gave my 

L. B. Brooks, Martinsburg, W. Va. 

The Marble hunting knife you gave me 
as a premium is a first class article. 

H. Georgii, Cheboygan, Mich. 


1251 MODELS 

Embody all the- 

Latest Improvements 

in Modern Single Gun 

They are the 
Standard of 


Send me 25 yearly subscriptions to 
RECREATION and I will send you 

A Grade Syracuse Gun 

Listed at $30. 

I have contracted for 20 of these 
guns at a price which enables me to 
offer them as above, and they will 
doubtless all be taken within the next 
three months. 

If you want one of the Guns get a moYe on yon 

Sample copies of RECREATION for 
use in canvassing furnished on application 

RECREATION, 23 W. 24th Street New York 






GUARANTEED to be worth S25.00 

more than any other make 

of Gun at Same Cost. 

Send for Catalogue Describing Sixteen 

Different Grades of Guns, Ranging in 

Price from $19.50 to $300. 




ITHACA GUN CO., Ithaca, N. Y. 

Mention Recreation. 



^/Etitomatic and ^Ton-Ejecting 

The cheapest absolutely safe gun, with improve- 
ments found heretofore only in the highest priced. 



12, 16 and 20 gauge; barrels 28, 30 and 32 
inch, plain steel and twist. Top snap ; center ham= 
mer; rebounding lock. 

Your dealer can supply, or we will 
sell to you direct. Write for Catalog. 


MaKers of H. S3L *R, Ite-dol-Vers 



Do You Want a Gun? 

Send me 30 yearly subscriptions to 
RECREATION and I will send you a 


Hade by the Ithaca Gun Co. 
and Listed at $40 

I have contracted for 20 of these 
guns at a price which enables me to 
offer them as above, and they will 
doubtless all be taken within the next 
3 months. 

If You Want One Get Busy at Once 

Sample copies ol RECREATION for 
use in canvassing furnished jn application 

RECREATION, 23 West 24th St., New York. 




Single Barrel Shot Guns 

(Hade for any powder and good with any shot.) 

Our "Lever Action" has more friends than any single gun made, has stood the 
test of fifteen years' continued approval. Simple, durable and reliable. 
12 and 16 gauge blued steel barrel $8»00 

Our new model top snap action, combining all up-to-date features of a modern 
gun, including patent compensating snap fore end. Automatic shell 
ejector, Full Choke Bored, 12, 16 and 20 gauge decarbonized 

steel barrel $9.00 

12 and 16 gauge Stubbs twist steel barrel $10.00 

We will ship, all charges prepaid, on receipt of remittance 
with order, to any express office in U. S. A. 

The Hopkins & Allen Arms Co., 





Well fixed for rods ? If not, 
send me 10 yearly subscrip- 
tions to RECREATION and 
get a Bristol Steel Rod — any 
one listing at $6.00 or less. 

Everybody knows what a 
Bristol Steel Rod is. It is equal 
in strength, durability, supple- 
ness, and all the other good 
qualities to a split bamboo rod 
costing $20. 

This is a great opportunity 
aLnd holds good only SIXTY 

Sa.mple copies of Recreation 
for use in csxnva.ssing fur- 
nished on amplication. 



Guaranteed Not to Shoot Loose 

One of the 9 



Built for Business 





$50 LIST 

In presenting this gun to your notice, we feel that it is the 
best value for the money that has ever been offered. 

Excellent Damascus barrels/ carefully selected, and bored 
by the particular method that has gained for the 
"Syracuse n the reputation of being the Hardest Hitting 
gun made. Stocked with Imported Walnut, Full Pistol 
Grip, handsomely checkered. 

Engraving is hand cut, and gives that finishing touch 
that proclaims quality. 

MADE IN 20, 16 OR 12 GAUGE 

SYRACUSE ARMS CO, Syracuse, n.y. 

Art Catalogue yours for the asking. Mention "Recreation." 






All the Prominent 

English and 
American Makes. 


Automatic Ejector Hammerless, 

Also Westley Richards, 
Greener, Purely. Lang, Parker, 
L. C . Smith, J. P. Clabrough 
& Johnstone, Ithaca, Ba timore 
Arms Co., Forehand, etc. 


For Duck Shooting. Soft as Kid. Finest Quality, $18.00 

' We take the entire product of the manufacturers of above Finest Jackets and this make cannot be obtained elsewhere in the United States 

~Send for Catalogues 

WM. READ 6v SONS. 107 w r ^L n f°^ ,reet >f° s J5 >N ^ ASS - 

^_^____^^^___^^___^_ lite Old Gun House. Established 1020 

Gun Repairing 


New Mexico, with its game, its hcalthf 1 
climate and its sublime mountain scenery, 
seems to have been overlooke ;: 1 by writer- 
sportsmen. Last year it fell to my lot to 
hunt in that Territory, which is to-day more 
Spanish than American. There were 5 of 
us in the Bland mining camp with a few 
days of idle time on our hands, and we 
concluded that hunting would be the most 
enjoyable way to spend the time. The mid- 
dle of the following afternoon found us on 
our way to Peralto canyon. We had our outfit 
packed on 4 lazy burros, which kept us so 
busy persuading them to keep the trail that 
we had no time to enjoy the scenery. Night 
was falling as we made camp among the 
firs and pines far up the winding canyon. 
We met a Mexican just before we made 
camp, who told us a flock of turkeys had 
crossed above there late that afternoon and 
we knew they could not have gone far be- 
fore roosting. 

By the mornine's first gray the camp 
was astir. The boys did not take time to 
eat breakfast, as they wanted to find the 
turkeys before they left the roost. By lot it 
fell to me to stay and watch camp. They 
found the flock without difficulty. John 
scored 4 young turkeys and the boys were 
soon back, clamoring for breakfast. 

After breakfast we moved camp a mile 
or 2 farther up the valley to a spring 
of sparkling, icy water. We were in the 
middle of what was generally a good game 

country ; but during the summer a large 
herd of sheep and cattle had been pastured 
in that section, and most of the game had 
been run out. When the boys came in that 
night all they brought was one little grouse. 

The next day we moved across the moun- 
tains into another canyon, a few miles 
farther North, where the prospects for 
game seemed better. Up to that time noth- 
ing save turkey and small game had been 
seen. After camp had been pitched and 
dinner was over we started out with a firm 
resolve to kill something. We had gone 
but a short way from camp when I heard 
one of the boys shoot 3 times and then 
call to Shorty, who stayed at camp, to come 
and bring a burro. All of us were near him 
when he began to shoot and all stood in 
readiness, each expecting to see a deer 
rush past or rather make the attempt. Af- 
ter everything had again become quiet we 
went over to hold an inquest. Again John 
was the lucky man. This time he had 
brought down a fine buck. Shorty and I 
were deputized to take the deer to camp 
and do the butchering act, while the rest 
of the boys took up the hunt where they 
had left off. The sun was dropping among 
the pines when we finished the task allotted 
us. The returning hunters were greeted 
with that sweetest of perfumes, the odor 
of frying venison. 

We hunted a day or 2 longer without 
much success and then took the narrow and 
tortuous trail that led to Bland. 

J. W. McGee, Enfala, I. T. 



Just Try To Get Well 

Find out what I know. 

Learn why my offer is possible 

Write me a postal — that's all. 

Then I will mail you an order — good at any drug store — for six bottles Dr. Shoop's 
Restorative, You may take it a month on trial. If it succeeds, the cost is $5.50. 
If it fails, / will pay the druggist myself, and your mere word shall decide it. 

Note What That Means 

No matter about your prejudice and 
doubts. They are natural — but put them 
aside for once. 

Look at it this way: — If my treatment 
succeeds, you are well. If it fails, it is free. 
Your whole risk is the postal you write. 

And consider this: — You see this offer 
everywhere, and thousands every week ac- 
cept it. Don't you realize that I must be 
curing these thousands, else the offer would 
ruin me? 

And can't you believe — in view of the 
faith I show — that my vast experience may 
have solved a way to cure you? 

Don't be too hesitating when your health 
is at stake. Just try for a month to get 
well. Then, if you are still doubtful, let 
your druggist send the bill to me. 

My Method is This : 

My Restorative strengthens the inside 
nerves. It is my discovery — the result of 
my lifetime's work. 

Instead of doctoring the weak organ, I 
bring back the nerve power which alone 
makes each vital organ act. I give it the 
strength to do its duty, just as I would give 
a weak engine more steam. 

I nearly always succeed. My records 
show that 39 out of each 40 who get my 
Restorative on trial, pay for it gladly, be- 
cause they are cured. The best of other 
treatments cannot cure one chronic case in 

My book will tell you why. 

Simply state" which book 
you want, and address 
Dr. Shoop, Box 214, 

Racine, Wis. 

Book No. 1 on Dyspepsia. 
Book No. 2 on the Heart. 
Book No. 3 on the Kidneys. 
Book No. 4 for Women. 
Book No. 5 for Men(sealed). 
Book No. 6 on Rheumatism. 

Mild cases, not chronic, are often cured by one or two 
bottles. At all druggists. 







Hair Wealtk and Health 

The wealth of your hair depends upon the 
health of your hair. A healthy condition of 
the scalp is impossible unless you periodically 
cleanse it thoroughly. 

is unequalled for this purpose. It makes a rich, 
creamy lather, thoroughly cleanses the scalp, 
feeds and tones the hair follicles, disperses 
dandruff and leaves the hair soft and glossy. 

A superior article, too, for toilet and bath, 
as well as an excellent remedy for any disease 
of the skin and scalp. Its mildness combined 
with antiseptic and curative qual- 
ities render it the safest and 
most hygienic Soap for every 
toilet use. 

If your Druggist or Grocer 
doesn't sell it, write us for a 
free sample cake. 



kino of england 





Don't fudge 
of the quality 
by the price— 



io gold circles from 10 Fairbank Glycerine Tar Soap 
cartons, or 20c in stamps will secure the Fairy Plate 
Calendar for 1903. This is the handsomest and most 
artistic Calendar creation of the year. Besides the 
Calendar proper, it contains four perfect reproductions 
of hand-painted Vienna plates. Send to-day. 





Shot Shells add to the pleasure of a win- 
ter's day out of doors. New Club, Nitro 
Club and Arrow — they are the satisfactory 
kind, Specify (/. At. C. ammunition. 





A Remington Hammerless Gun 

for $25.00 


Grade K. Made with Remington blued steei barrels. $25 ftO 

Grade K E D. Made with Damascus barrels and <* — r^^ 

Automatic Ejector, . . %55«UU 

Send for handsome new Catalogue just issued, containing com- 
plete description of Guns, $25.00 to $750.00. Mailed free. 


313-317 Broadway, New York. 86-88 First St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Sold by All Gun Dealers. Not Retailed by the Manufacturers. 



No matter what your ideas or preferences are about a rifle, some one 
of the eight different 'Winchester models will surely suit you. 
Winchester Rifles are made in all calibers, styles and weights; 
and whichever model you select, you can count on its being well 
made and finished, reliable in action and a strong, accurate shooter, 

FREE — Send your name and address on a postal card for oar 164 page illustrated catalogue. 

Hang On. 

Coffee Topers as Bad as 

"A friend who lived with us a short time 
was a great coffee drinker and a continual 
sufferer with dyspepsia. He admitted that 
coffee disagreed with him, but you know 
how the coffee drinker will hold on to his 
coffee, even if he knows it causes dyspepsia. 
"One day he said POSTUM FOOD COF- 
FEE had been recommended and suggested 
that he would like to try it. I secured a pack- 
age and made it strictly according to direc- 
'tions. He was delighted with the new bev- 
erage, as was every one of our family. He 
became very fond of it and in a short time 
his dyspepsia disappeared. He continued 
using the POSTUM and in about three 
months gained twelve pounds. 

"My husband is a practising physician 

and regards Postum as the healthiest of all 

beverages. He never drinks coffee, but is 

very fond of Postum. In fact, all of our family are, and 

we never think of drinking coffee any more." 

Written by the wife of a physician of Waterford, Va. 
Name given by Postum Co.. iJattle Creek, Mich. 


". i have made /\ careful 
Chem ical ^nalvsis of 


and find Nothing injurious 
or objectionable in its compo- 


Genteel Americans have cared for 
their teeth with no fear of Acid, 
Grit or other injurious substances 




have been established over 50 YEARS. By our sys- 
tem of payments every family in moderate circum- 
stances can own a VOSE piano. We take old instru- 
ments in exchange and deliver the new piano in your home free of experue 
Write for catalogue D and explanations. 

VOSE & SONS PIANO CO., 160 Boylston St., Boston, Mass, 


MARCH, 1903 

$1.00 A YEAR 
10c. A COPY 






and was first made in Ireland in the early part of the twelfth cen- 
tury when it was called, " Usquebaugh " or "The Water of Life." 

THE efforts of three generations of one family have been applied 
to the establishment and upbuilding of our business, which has 
been successfully conducted for fifty-two years. As a result of 
these efforts during the past twenty years our sales have increased more 
than a thousand per cent. , good evidence of appreciation by our patrons 
Full measure, fair prices, excellent quality, complete satisfaction 
guaranteed to each patron every time and all the time is the founda- 
tion upon which we have built ; is the reason, not the secret, of our suc- 
cess, which is as sure and secure as the operation of any law of nature. 
On the basis of such an assurance and such a guarantee to each 
and every purchaser, we solicit a trial order for 6 full quart bottles of 
either or any of our special brands. 

i'er Gal. 

Holiday Pure Rye - 4.00 

(Eleven Years Old) 

Hermitage Rock & Rye 4.00 


Five pounds of rock candy crystals 
to each gallon of seven year old 
Hermitage Rye whiskey, is used in 
the preparation of our Celebrated 
Rock and Rye. 

Bon Ton Cocktails - 4.00 

Martini, Manhattan, Vermouth, 
Whiskey, Tom Gin and Holland 
Gin. Carefully prepared from the 
choicest materials, perfectly blended. 

Ruthven Sherry - 4.00 

From Duff, Gordon & Co. Warranted 
twenty years in the wood before 
bottling. Rich and fruity. 

Per Gai. 

Old Gold Bourbon - $4 00 

(Eleven Years Old) 

Jewel Port - 4.00 

From Silva & Cosens, Oporto. A 
choice product of the grape. 

Rainbow Brandy V.0. 4.00 

The product of one of the best Ameri- 
can Vineyards, with all the medici- 
nal qualities of French Brandy. 

Jupiter Gin - 4.00 

From the Swan Distillery, Schiedam, 
Holland, where Good Gin comes 
from. Tastes differ. Many people 
appreciate Good Gin. Jupiter is the 
best the world affords. 

Medford Old Rum - 4.00 

From Daniel Lawrence & Sons, Med- 
ford, Mass. 

The goods are warranted as represented, namely, the best of their 
class that money can buy or that intelligent, honest endeavor, fortified 
with long experience, can produce. 

On receipt of your order with $6.00 we will ship 6 full quarts, 
assorted to suit, transportation charges prepaid, to any railroad point 
in the United States where the charges for transportation do not 
exceed $2.00. You cannot afford to let this chance go by. You never 
before had as good an offer. 

Remit cash in registered letter or by express company or P. O. 
money order. References : Any bank in Boston, any mercantile 
agency, or any distiller of importance in the United States. 

W. H. JONES & CO.'-ESoSSS Sls ' 




Copyright, December, 1902, by G. O. Shields 

A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Everything the Name Implies 

$1.00 a Year. 

10 Cents a Copy. 

Editor and Manager. 

23 West 24TH Street, 

New York 


Yellow Wolf . . . tried to dash into the post at the head of a dozen followers.. Frontispiece 

With the Best Intentions. Illustrated F.M.Bernard 167 

A Girl's Life in the Rockies Myrtis B. Butler 180 

A New Hampshire Coon Hunt • E H. Hunter 183 

A Coon Hunt in Pennsylvania Chas. H. Weaver 185 

It Might Have Been. Poem Edward Bourne 185 

Ned Buntline's Raquette River Bass J. F. Closson 186 

A Glimpse of the Old Kentucky Home. Poem. Illustrated Grayson Jemison 187 

A Florida Kid on a Camp Hunt Charley Apopka 188 

Among the Pronghorns. Illustrated B. R. Beymer 191 

A Camping Trip in Argentina L. S. McCain 192 

Merrimac Bait Catching Geo. L. Whitmore 193 

From the Game Fields 197 

Fish and Fishing 205 

Guns and Ammunition 209 

Natural History 215 

The League of American Sportsmen 219 

Forestry 223 

Pure and Impure Foods 225 

Book Notioes 228 

Publisher's Notes 229 

Editor's Corner 233 

Amateur Photography 238 

Entered as Fecond-Class Matter at New York Post-Office, Oct, 17, 1894. 






^™ and KEY CHAIN 

". ISfSl are ^yswith you. Yon cannot lay them down or 

them anywhere but in your pocket. At your dealers or 

n of price-Key Rings and Chain, 25c Cuff 

..20c. a pair; Scarf Holders, ,oc. Send for illustrated 

iRICAN RING CO., Dept. 44, Waterbury, Conn. 

Sore Throat 

Hoarseness, Quinsy, Tonsillitis 

Laryngitis and other throat 

troubles quickly relieved 

and promptly cured 

by the use of 


This scientific germicide is used and 
endorsed by leading physicians every- 
where. It is absolutely harm- 
less, yet a most powerful healing 

By killing the germs that cause 
these diseases, without injury to the 
tissue, Hydrozone cures the patient. 
Sold by Leading Druggists. If not 
at yours, will send bottle, prepaid, 
on receipt of 25 cents. 

{Dept. F-59) Prince Street, 









The Ideal Gentleman's Pleasure Craft used at 
the Pan-American Exposition because they were 
the best. Elegantly finished, simple, safe, reli- 
able, and speedy. 15 ft. Fishing Launch, $150, 
16 ft. Family Launch, $200. 35 ft. Cabin Launch, 

$1,500. Send io cents for 8o-page illustrated 
catalogue giving the truth in detail about the 
best boats built. Address 



We will have the largest exhibit ever made at the Sportsmen's Show, 

New York, of Sailing Craft, Launches, Row Boats, Hunting 

Boats and Canoes* Look for it Feb. 2 1st to March 7th 






New York, U.S.A 


\ o Complete Outfits A°7 



To look out for your comfort 

And make your trips complete, 

When on snow shoes or canoeing 

Or in the dry mesquit, 

When packing through the mountains 

Where they throw the diamond hitch, 

Is the object and the purpose 


We handle all THINGS PRACTICAL, 

To make life a treat, 


When he leaves the busy street. 


And others of that ilk 

Should try a tent of " Special " 

Or of "Waterproof Silk." 

If you don't find what you want 
At once, call our attention, 
And from your pattern and design 
We'll make it as you mention. 
By all means get our catalogue 
And study well our goods 
For it surely will be needed 
In out-fitting for the woods. 

Come and see us at our Camp, 


Which some have called a club-room, 

And see our full display. 

You may perhaps find someone 

With whom a yarn to spin 

For travelers from every clime 

Are frequently dropping in. 


Abercrombie & Fitch 

314 and 316 Broadway 


New York. U.S.A 


\ O Complete Outfits i?7 


\^» Explorers, ^oy 



"Nothing so Rare as Resting on Air" 

$10 Worth of -^ 

AVr Comfort for *2 

For 4t^^k ^ or 

Every VLJBf Every 

Sportsman ^£ff^ Canoeist 

A Yoke to save your shoulders 

A Swimming- Collar for those who can't swim 

A Iafe Preserver in case of accident 

A Cushion while waiting* for Moose 

A Cushion or Head Rest while waiting for Duck 

A Protection for your Shoulder if the Gun is heavy 

A Cushion for CAMP, BOAT, OFFICE or HOME 

Carry It In Your Pocket 
It Weighs Just One Pound 

While you sit and listen for 

The WHIRR of the Duck's Wings 

The CALrLING of the Moose 

The APPROACH of the Bear 

The RISING of the Fish 

The many sounds that promise a good shot rolled UP 

or a Catch. You may be obliged to sit on a cold stone, a wet 

log, the damp earth. At such times 

d> i r\ FOR OUR WE ASK CU o 
$10 SP c ™r ONLY $ J 

YOU'D 0\ -i r\ FOR OUR WE ASK 

Pneumatic ]\Jattress and (^ushion Qompany 


jrSpP 9 If you mention this publication when ordering, we will pay your subscription to it 
for six months. 


Game is Growing Scarce 


The time is coming when the only shooting or fishing worth while will 1 
fee on private preserves. 

To Join a Club that Will Always Have 



Only 6 hours from New York City, 3 hours from Boston 

20,000 acres of land, to be abundantly stocked with game of various 

15 miles of trout streams to be stocked with trout. 

Thousands of acres of lakes and ponds, to be stocked with black bass 


Hardwood forests, which are the natural home of the deer and ruffed! 

Old, abandoned farms, which will furnish ideal range for thousands 
of quail. 

Golf grounds, polo grounds, tennis grounds, baseball grounds. 

Fine roads for riding, driving, and automobiling. 

Pure air, pure water, delightful scenery. 



375 Westminster Street Providence, R. k 







< c 



That's the name POLK MILLER gives his remedy for freeing dogs from 
worms, — generally worms from puppies. 

Many finely bred dogs die before maturity when afflicted with worms. If 
they do not die, worms hold them back, destroy natural instincts, and 
often prevent the development of those qualities that ought to make pup- 
pies greater dogs than their parents. 

Like children afflicted with worms, the pup becomes inanimate, sickly 
and thin. 

Abnormal appetite that is bound to destroy the digestion and cause func- 
tional disorders which develop into chronic ailments are the result of 

If sometimes they do not die, worms leave them no good and a disgrace 
to their breeding. 

Canine worms should be treated for immediately symptoms show. 
All the time "SURE SHOT" is destroying worms it is putting into splen- 
did condition the valuable pup patient. The pup will come out of his 
sickness with limpid eyes, keen sent, sleek coat, normal bone and mus- 
cle development. The following testimonial shows its efficacy. You 
may know the writer. 

Greenbrier, Ala. 

"Sergeant's Sure Shot" is the only thing I have ever used with success. 

It has saved more than one dog for me, and I never expect to lose a dog 


from worms so long as I can get it.' 


SERGEANT'S SURE SHOT per bottle 50c. Sold by Druggists or 
Sporting Goods Dealers everywhere or mailed (prepaid) from 



There isn't anywhere a dog lover or owner, who wouldn't like to have 
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any address for 3 cents in stamps which go to pay the postage. 


Decorate Your Den 

With a set of the most beautiful 

Hunting and Fishing Pictures 

ever made. 

15 Plates. Size for Framing, 18x24 inches 





TARPON FISHING — BLUE FISHING — fred. s cozzens 



MUSKALONGE FISHING — f. h. taylor 

BEER HUNTING — a. b frost 


These 15 plates are lithographed in the true colors of nature and altogether 
make one of the finest series of pictures of outdoor sports ever published. 


I have bought the last of them and can furnish a complete set for 15 yearly 
subscriptions to Recreation, 

Or will 5e!l at $10 a Set 

I also have enlargements of the following photographs : 


Published on pages 90, 91, 92, and 93 of the February issue of Recreation, 

$5 a set. 


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"Wonderland 190 3" 

Wilt be 'Ready about MA*RCH FI*RST 

In it the Northern Pacific furnishes this entirely new scries of articles, descriptive of the Northwest . 

Priest and Explorer 

Relates the travels and captivity of Father Hennepin, the Franciscan Priest, 
among the Indians in the Minnesota country in 1680. Hennepin wrote the 
first description of Niagara falls and discovered St. Anthony fall. 

The Last of the Mandans 

Describes a visit to the tribe of Mandan Indians, memorable in the annals 
of Lewis & Clark, and some of whom still live on the upper Missouri river. 

XatorVs Masterpiece 

Which is Yellowstone Park, is newly described and illustrated. The Govern- 
ment is spending large sums in improving the roads in this Wonderland. 

Irrigation in the Northwest 

Shows the great progress made in irrigation in the far Northwest, and its 
adaptability to this region. 

One Hundred and Fifty Miles with a Pack Train 

Recounts an experience in the rough mountains of the Clearwater country, 
Idaho, with a pack train, while engaged in exploration. 

In the Shadow of the Olympics 

Describes that part of the Puget Sound region lying west of the Sound and 
in the vicinity of Port Townsend — an ideal health resort. 

Columbia River and Mount Hood 

Tells of the finest river and river scenery in the United States and one of its 
grandest snow capped mountains. 

'THE Book is appropriately illustrated, also has maps and gives tourist 


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And the best time to go is now— in March or April. California is at its best then. 
The hills and valleys are clothed in green; millions upon millions of wild-flowers are in 
bloom, and the air is as invigoiating as a tonic. 

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Tickets and full information at all railroad ticket offices in the United States 
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receipt of six cents in stamps. 

JOHN SE BASTIAN, Passenger Traffic Manager, Rock Island System, Chicago, 111 





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that greater care will be taken in the manufacture of every foot 
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the Seaboard," apply to 

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Write for Rates and Folders. 

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You leave Chicago on the California Lim= 

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California. It's Santa Fe all the way— train, 
track and management. 

Ladies will be pleased with the cosy compartment Pullmans and sunny 
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and can be best made by the 


Lots of facts regarding Mexico can 
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DO YOU KNOW that choice grain and pure water are the two es- 
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Orders for Arizona, California, Colorado, Idado, Montana, Nevada, New Moxico, Oregon, Utah, 
Washington or Wyoming must be on the basis of 4 QUARTS for $4.00 by EXPRESS PREPAID or ao 






1 66 


Volume XVIII. MARCH, J903. Number 3. 

G. 0. SHIELDS (COQUINA,) Editor and Manager 



''Please accept this as coming from then the latter, shrinking a bit, held 

one whose eyes are like yours," said out her hand and the bag fell into it. 

Mr. Halsey Pyne, of New York, to an "Thank you," said the youth. He 

Indian girl with fine grey eyes, who, would have said more only he saw the 

leaning against a pony, was standing mother coolly take the parcel from the 

guard over a lot of rations lying on daughter and slip it into one of the 

the ground about her. As he spoke many folds of the blanket thrown 

he held out a paper bag of the cheap loosely around her shoulders and kept 

candy beloved by the aboriginal pal- in place at the waist by a strap, 

ate. ''Oh, see here, that's for the girl, 

By way of reply she gave him a not for you," he cried, emphasizing 

timid, startled glance ; not under- his words with what he imagined was 

standing a word he said, she could sign language. 

scarcely answer with words. He The old dame's retort raised shouts 
pressed his gift upon her. Shyly, of laughter, whereupon she repeated 
with a delightful smile and drooping it. Determined to carry out his in- 
head, working the while the toe of her tention, he demanded the return of the 
snow-white moccasin into the loose package, and when the old woman, 
earth, murmuring low as a cooing keeping up her incessant chatter, 
dove something in choice Sioux, she showed plainly her intention to dis- 
looked across the bare plateau in front honor his demand, he attempted to 
of the agency, alive and bustling as it take it ; whereupon her voice rose to 
always is on ration day ; at Straight a shriek and the Indian men closed in 
Oak, a young buck a few yards off, on the pair. Undeterred by this, he 
attired in the height of Indian ele- kept up the pursuit, and the spectacle 
gance ; at the sky ; everywhere except was presented of a society millionaire 
at her white admirer. For the in- with high political ambitions, a zeal- 
stant his thoughts strayed to the own- ous champion of the oppressed In- 
er of another pair of grey eyes, in the dian, dodging about to the laughter 
East, that filled with tears when he of a crowd of red men and women, 
bade her farewell, and would glow chasing a smoke-dried old squaw, who 
with pleasure on his return. easily eluded him. Lieutenant Viv- 

Suddenly there was a patter of feet, yan, with whom he was spending the 

and a sack of flour, a side of bacon summer at the neighboring fort, put 

and a few other articles dropped on an end to the scene by forcing himself 

the ground from the head and shoul- into the throng. 

ders of a middle-aged squaw, who "By Jove, old man, what are you 

straightened herself without a break up to now?" Vivyan demanded, 

in the cackle she had kept up since "Up to now !" retorted Pyne indig- 

coming in sight. Question and an- nantly and a little blown. "Up to 

swer passed between her and the girl, enough. I gave this girl some candy 



and I'm blowed if this old hag didn't "I don't like it, but if gentlemen 

take it from her. I want her to give will admire me, I can't send them 

it back. Make her do it, Viv. You away/' 

should have authority here." This failed to propitiate him, and 

"What do you want to be giving when the friends left he sprang on 
candy to Indian girls for?" began his pony and dashed off without so 
Vivyan ; then, catching a full view of much as a glance at her. Half an 
her face, "Ah, I see," he went on. hour later, as the 2 gentlemen were 
"Well, all I have to say is, if you are going back to the post on foot, 
going to bestow candy whenever you Straight Oak passed them at a gal- 
see a pair of beautiful eyes you'll be lop, then returned and circled around 
kept moving. Here, what's the them 2 or 3 times on a lessening ra- 
trouble, Bob ?" and he turned to a fat- dius, opening the vials of his wrath 
faced half-breed, who stood near, as he did so and pouring on the un- 
grinning broadly. conscious New Yorker the vilest epi- 

"She say," replied Bob, after con- thets and grossest insults known to 

suiting the old woman, "that she the the Indian tongue, 

gal's mudder. She say she take it "Ah," remarked Pyne, regarding 

away to keep for the gal, so that the the fellow with interest and smiling 

kids at home have some. She say if amiably at him. "There's a rider 

she didn't, the gal would eat it all her- worth while ! I noticed him at the 

self." agency. I suppose he is trying to en- 

"There ! You see it is all right," tertain us. Gad ! we should encour- 

interrupted Vivyan. "Come along." age him," and he waved his hand and 

"But the candy is the girl's, and she called out, "Good enough, old chap !" 

should have it," persisted Pyne. which the Indian understood about as 

"Oh, dash it," groaned Vivyan, well as Pyne understood Sioux, 

"you can't change Indians' ways. Shaking his rifle savagely, Straight 

Don't you c ee we are being laughed Oak turned and disappeared over the 

at?" and almost by force he dragged bank of the Blackwater ; but if the 

his friend away. white men had looked behind them 

The young brave, Straight Oak, when they entered Vivyan's door, 

regarded the scene with great in- they would have seen him lurking 

terest. When Pyne presented the about the post entrance, watching 

candy, a scowl of hate and ferocity them stealthily. The fires of jealousy 

darkened his brow. When the moth- were consuming him. Loving the girl, 

er appropriated the gift, his laughter he thought Pyne's attentions must be 

was the loudest of all, but it was sar- prompted by feelings akin to his own, 

donic, not mirthful. The poor beg- and it infuriated him. Besides, his 

gar was in love with the girl. He had own affair was in a doubtful state, 

painted his face in several colors and which did not improve matters. He 

draped his heavily beaded blanket so had not yet approached her father, 

as best to display his shining body for knowing it would be useless ; he 

her sake ; and that she might admire owned not the number of ponies the 

him to her heart's content he had elderly chief demanded for her hand, 

posed in full view from where she though he knew of a Crow village up 

guarded the family food. Then to country where he could easily steal 

have this pestilential white man come them. Nor was he even sure of the 

with his paper bags ! No wonder his damsel. Several times the 2, wrapped 

fingers fumbled the fastenings of his in one blanket, had stood in loving 

gun cover. Now and then the girl converse, but no pledges had passed, 

sent him an appealing glance, as if to What wonder, then, if his soul 

say, burned when a stranger, and a white 



man at that, cast his eyes in her direc- 

About that time some malign spirit 
put in Halsey's head an idea that the 
runty, grass-fed Indian ponies would 
make capital polo ponies, and as with 
him action trod on the heels of 
thought, he at once set about gather- 
ing in a number. Ricketts, the 
agency butcher, as a dependable man 
was consulted. 

"You want to see Yellow Wolf," 
the latter declared, readily. "He's 
got just what you want, but I'd best 
go with you, as the old cuss '11 cheat 
the hair offen your head," he con- 
cluded, not intimating that he accom- 
panied the buyer in order to secure a 
share of the profits from the seller. 

Yellow Wolf was the father of 
Long Hair, the heroine of the candy 
squabble, and the first time Halsey 
went to his lodge he was left alone 
with the girl. Of course, Straight 
Oak took that very moment to dash 
by and behold them. In fact, he saw 
them every time they were together, 
which was frequently, the transaction 
being considerably prolonged, not, as 
the lover believed, on account of 
Long Hair, but because of another 
member of the family. 

When the New Yorker first visited 
the pony herd he found it in charge 
of a bright lad of 13 or 14 years, who 
handled it with the skin' and ease of a 
man. Pyne was a born reformer, so 
ne instantly conceived a plan to send 
the young herder to an Eastern 
school. He mentioned this scheme to 

"Not on your life, my friend," re- 
sponded that worthy; "unless you 
want to see the old man foam at the 
mouth. The last time they tried to 
take his kids away he took to the hills 
for a year. Anyway, pardner, keep 
mum till the deal is over," he con- 
cluded, concerned about the good 
thing in his hand. Halsey, however, 
could not keep silent. 

Yellow Wolf did not foam at the 

mouth when the subject was 
broached, but by the fierce energy 
of his refusal he startled and, to tell 
the truth, frightened our friend. The 
father found himself in a difficult po- 
sition. He did not want to forego 
the great profits he was making. On 
the other hand, he feared to remain at 
the agency lest he lose his child. 
Pyne, with characteristic liberality, 
was always making the children 
bloom like a neglected garden with 
garish finery from the trader's store, 
and filling them with the edible deli- 
cacies thereof, which caused White 
Dove, the mother, sensible of these 
advantages, to array herself against 
her husband, knowing that he would 
not consent to part with his son. 
Thus was division created in a pre- 
viously united wigwam. The har- 
assed old chief did not keep his per- 
plexities to himself, and as a conse- 
quence uneasiness and alarm replaced 
quiet and content at a peaceful 

All this while Straight Oak, wrap- 
ped up to his eyes in a blanket, 
stalked silent and suffering among his 
fellows brooding on vengeance. 
Driven to despair, he once ap- 
proached Long Hair as she sat before 
the lodge door, but hardly was the 
greeting over when White Dove flew 
out and drove him away, soundly be- 
rating the ponyless lover for prowling 
around her cote, an unwise proceed- 
ing on her part. 

One evening at dinner, Mr. Pyne 
remarked oratorically : 

"You army men have a good deal 
to learn in your treatment of Indians. 
You don't view them as individuals. 
Now I have seen something of Yel- 
low Wolf and have gained his confi- 
dence sufficiently to influence him. 
He knows I have his interest at heart 
and trusts me." Some discussion 
followed, but it was not pertinent. 

A few hours later, as the East was 
brightening, Yellow Wolf, wildly ex- 
cited, was halted at the guard-house 

i ;o 


as he tried to dash into the post at 
the head of a dozen followers. 

"He wants to see that tenderfoot at 
Lieutenant Vivyan's," said Private 
Spooner, whose slight knowledge of 
the Sioux language enabled him, 
after several attempts, to guess with 
reasonable certainty the meaning of 
the old man's cascade of words and 
frenzied gestures. 

"Well, he can't do it at this time of 
day," declared the sergeant. The pri- 
vate was not equal to imparting this 
information, and his endeavors to do 
so only complicated matters. The 
chief, ably supported by White Dove, 
held to his purpose so energetically 
that the officer of the guard, who 
had taken a hand in the affair, sent 
for the interpreter. Soon after his 
appearance, Mr. Pyne, to whom a 
note had been dispatched, walked up, 
saying genially as he did so, 

"Well, Wolf, what's the row?" 

"You'd better hold his pony's 
head," advised the interpreter to the 
sergeant, for Yellow Wolf, his fol- 
lowers increased to 50 or 60, began to 
force his way toward Halsey. 

"See here, Pyne, this old chap says 
you've stolen his daughter and sent 
her East," said the officer of the 
guard by way of beginning explana- 

"I've done nothing of the sort. 
What should I want with his daugh- 
ter?" indignantly replied the thunder- 
struck young man. 

"He say you've sent Long Hair to 
school," spoke up the interpreter. 
"He say she hasn't been home all 
night, her bedclothes all gone, that 
everybody knows you're here to steal 
kids and send them back East." 

Pyne gasped out a few incoherent 

"He say," went on the interpreter, 
"that if you'd do such a thing of 
course you'd lie about it." 

"Here, we've had enough of this 
sort of thing. Sergeant, send this 
gang about its business," said the of- 
ficer of the guard. 

But that was a task beyond the ser- 
geant's power. The gang evidently 
fancied it was attending to business. 
By the time the officer of the day, 
and with him Vivyan, arrived, mat- 
ters were squally. Pyne, pale but 
plucky, was standing with a soldier 
on each side of him. Facing him at 
2 yards' distance, sat Yellow Wolf, 
similarly provided ; and 100 or more 
Indians were moving restlessly about, 
shouting to one another, ugly and 
threatening. White Dove, chattering 
without pause, made every once in a 
while a dash at Halsey. 

"Great Scott," cried Vivyan when 
he reached his friend, "have you been 
monkeying with this old fool's chil- 

"No," answered the harried young 
man, "I know no more than you." 

"If that is the case," put in the offi- 
cer of the day, coming up, "you would 
best go back to your quarters, Mr. 

Halsey, glad to get away legiti- 
mately, started at the words, but a 
great uproar arose at once. Yellow 
Wolf struck his pony a blow that 
made him jerk the man at his head 
5 or 6 feet ; several, galloping, placed 
themselves between Pyne and the 
post ; the others closed in, brandish- 
ing their guns and yelling defiantly. 
White Dove worked her way out of 
the throng. 

"They say he sha'n't go till he tells 
where the girl is. They say they will 
begin shooting first," exclaimed the 
interpreter breathlessly, as he ran up 
to the officer of the day. 

"Oh, do they?" he returned sarcas- 
tically. "Stop a moment, Mr. Pyne. 
Mr. Stetson,, form the guard." 

The guard, 71 all told, appeared 
small opposed to the crowd of 
savages, and the officer of the day 
decided to keep them in place till the 
Post Commander, nowise pleased at 
being called out so early, should come 

Poor Pyne went through another 
course of questions and denials, dur- 



ing which White Dove scampered 
across the prairie as fast as Cayenne 
could carry her. 

The commanding officer, after try- 
ing unsuccessfully to disperse the 
gathering, waved his handkerchief 
and a troop of cavalry trotted round 
the corner of the quartermaster's 
warehouse and formed into line. Con- 
trary to expectations and habit, the 
Indians did not take flight, but stood 
their ground. 

While the interpreter was giving 
them the last word, White Dove's 
voice, blithe as a spring morning, was 
heard, a shout went up and a break 
was made to where she was ambling 
along, driving Long Hair and 
Straight Oak in front of her, the for- 
mer looking very foolish and scared, 
the latter most unnecessarily fierce. 

Half-crazed by jealousy, by working 
on her fears and love, he had induced 
Long Hair to run off to an uncle in a 
neighboring village, to remain till he 
could visit the Crow village for the 
acquisition of ponies. But he count- 
ed without an aunt, a worthy woman, 
who, considering that a full tepee 
needed no more occupants, started 
Long Hair for home at early dawn. 

"I did it with the best intentions, 
Colonel," said Mr. Pyne when re- 
proached with interfering with Yel- 
low Wolf's domestic affairs. 

"Intentions be d d !" snapped 

the Colonel. "Did you ever hear of 
a place that is paved with good inten- 
tions? Now, if you will work off 
your infernal philanthropy on some 
other tribe of redskins, I shall be 
greatly obliged to you." 

One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 

One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 


One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competitic 




One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 


" . ...1 • ,^ - t „ *mh 

• ^ aWi 


One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 


One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreati )n's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 



One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 

One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 


One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 



One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 
7th Annual Photc competition. 7th Annual Photo Competition. 


One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 



One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 

Made with Manhattan Camera. 




My introduction to camp life took place 
when I was a girl just out of school, and 
consisted of a tour through Yellowstone 
Park, which I made with a party of 4 
''grown-ups," 3 seated in our own buck- 
board, with only Cy, a cowboy driver, 
for guide by day, and a small wall tent for 
shelter by night. Every day we drove, 
pitching the tent where night overtook us. 
There I first learned how good are potatoes 
roasted in the ashes, and freshly caught 
trout fried over a camp fire. There, most 
wonderful cf all, from a woman's point of 
view, I got sound wholesome sleep and rest, 
rolled in a blanket on the bare ground ; 
for in such hurried camps as those there 
was not always time to cut fir boughs for a 
bed, even could they have been found. In 
that way we spent a fortnight of rarest 
pleasure, stopping where fancy took us, 
exploring all the well known beauties and 
interests of the great park, studying many 
lovely spots that the stage driver passes 
with a wave of his hand, and learning with 
it all how to enjoy as primitive a form of 
camping as one often finds in a party in- 
cluding women. 

However, the place that I grew to re- 
gard as my camp home was Lake Chelan, 
a beautiful stretch of water that winds 20 
miles among the Cascade mountains, at no 
place more than 3 miles wide, and often 
only one mile across. It is more accessible 
now, since the Great Northern has connect- 
ed at Wenatchee with the Columbia river 
steamboats, but in the days of my first trips 
there it meant hard travel ; 63 miles in a 
Concord coach, over the Great Bend coun- 
try, where the weight of an almost spring- 
less vehicle carried us down through a foot 
or more of alkali dust to the broken, ba- 
saltic rock, on which we jarred and jolted, 
while the dust rolled in clouds over the 
wheels and hung on the travelers until we 
were scarcely recognizable after an hour. 
Twice I have made that trip in a summer 
day, between dawn and midnight ; but at 
other times we broke the journey by a 
night at the ranch in Moses coulee, a won- 
derful great rent running across the plain, 
and the only green, cultivated spot in a 
waste of dust. 

One might think the journey done with 
that, but no ; there was the sudden descent, 
300 feet in half a mile, to the Columbia 
river, which was crossed then in a hand- 
ferry, run by 2 Indians, besides another 6 
miles to drive along a narrow, shelflike 
road through the canyon of the Chelan 
river, before we had even a first glimpse of 

our Mecca, with a prospect then of a whole 
day on the steamer, as we were to go with- 
in 5 miles of the lake's head. 

About the foot of the lake the shores are 
rolling, sparsely wooded prairie, glorious 
with flower life by spring, and rich in culti- 
vated fruits and vegetables by fall. As 
one sails, each serpentine turn in the river- 
lake brings a change. The shores rise to 
hills and then to mountains. Along the 
last 20 miles the rugged peaks are snow- 
capped the year around, and great over- 
hanging cliffs tower on either side, offering 
few good landing places and still fewer 
camping sites. 

On the Northeastern shore we found a 
small cove, however, with a rocky point on 
one side, over which the spray dashed 
madly when the wind blew down the 
stream, and on the other side a somewhat 
gentler looking point, well wooded and 
with a rushing creek of snow-water tum- 
bling through it. A few feet of sandy 
beach midway between these points, with a 
little brook that ran the year around at one 
side, offered a good site and became our 
camp. To that spot we went back again 
and again, seeing it at every season of the 
year, and finding each month so attractive 
in its own way and so totally different 
from others as to make us almost forget 
the joys of the last. 

Even the rainy season was not left out. 
On one occasion we were pitching tents the 
10th of October, about a week after the 
fall rains had set in. The natives had all 
folded their tents some weeks before and 
stolen back to cabin and shack. We after- 
ward learned they thought us a set of 
lunatics, and were calculating on attending 
our funerals ; but there we were, in all the 
mist and rain, and not one of the 3 women 
of that party what one could call robust. 
Yet we lived, and incidentally had a joyous 
time. During our 7 weeks' stay rain or 
snow fell some part of each day, and the 
appearances of the sun could be counted 
on the fingers of one hand. After the first 
3 weeks, perhaps it was a risk, but no one 
caught cold. The 2 semi-invalids of the 
party came out strong and well ; and while 
there was more than once a 'dissenting 
voice, when the water got too thick in the 
frying pan, and the food cooled before we 
could eat it, still the majority ruled and 
voted it well worth while. Those soft, cloudy 
days were made for long climbs on the 
benches, for the shooting was excellent. 
Many a hard pull we took up goat trails 
and over rocky slides, with none of the 




fatigue of a sunny day. The lake, that 
had been so angry and rough all through 
the spring months, was calm and still, a 
joy to the oarsman. 

We had taken canvas cots with us, quite 
an offering to the shrine of luxury we 
thought ; but we soon went back to the 
softer, sweeter fir boughs, so close to the 
warmth of Mother Earth. On those we 
slept until late in November; in fact, until 
the snow broke the tents down over us, and 
we were glad of the shelter of the scarcely 
completed shack we were building near. 

We ate our Thanksgiving grouse in 
camp, and crossed the coulee the next week 
in a snowstorm so blinding and heavy that 
the driver lost his way and had to give his 
horses their heads. To their good sense 
we owed a safe, though tardy, arrival. 

The next year we made the trip on a 
construction train on the Great Northern, 
and after that our camp life had many of 
the. comforts that go with a shelter of 
boards and tar paper. Yet my father and 
I sometimes longed for our old days of 
genuine roughing it, and would start off 
for a day or 2 on little expeditions of our 
own. Together we worked through the 
jungle, scrambled up the face of the rocky 
shores, or crawled and climbed many a 
mile along the creeks, with rod and axe 
and gun, or fished the lake for rainbow 
and Dolly Varden trout, and plundered the 
banks of flowers. 

People sometimes ask me what a woman 
finds to do in camp. Why, the days are not 
long enough for the many pleasures of 
camp life. A woman has all the pastimes 
of a man in camp, except the very long, 
hard tramps, and she has her own as well. 
No matter how unskilled her fingers, they 
will twitch to hold a pencil, even though 
the poor results are made but for ridicule 
or destruction. If she has a camera, to the 
enjoyment it will afford there is no end. 
She will find flowers too new and charm- 
ing to be thrown aside, and the old books 
and magazines will press them. Then the 
dried blossoms will require mounting. In 
one season I pressed over 70 varieties of 
wild flowers that sprang, each apparently 
from the ashes of the last, near our camp. 
There are whole days for reading and writ- 
ing, while one rests from a hard tramp ; 
and from all these things the attention will 
wander to the interesting animal life about. 

In our first camp I once pretended to 
read, in order to watch the maneuvers of 
a chipmunk with a taste for gingersnaps. 
Softly he crawled down to the cupboard — 
a soap box nailed to a tree — watched his 
chance to slip over the side and break the 
paper bag that held the dainties, seized one 
and started up the tree, only to be met, all 
too soon, by an obtrusive twig, that dashed 
the treasure from his teeth to the ground. 

Over and over he tried this, until he at last 
solved the problem by eating his way 
nearly to the center of a gingersnap, where 
he got a sufficiently firm hold to convey it 
safe to his home. 

Like the chipmunk, the human dweller 
in the woods soon discovers how much or 
how little native genius he has for making 
much of his small materials. He learns 
what excellent shovels can be made from 
a cleft stick and a flattened tomato can ; 
that an ideal refrigerator is a box with a 
small opening at each end lowered half its 
depth in a brook. Of course once in a 
while the cook may find Madame Snake 
taking a nap in its shelter; but if the cook 
be a woman she will soon learn to cover 
her dishes closely, and the poor snake will 
slide down the stream as soon as she is 

That Eden of ours was unlike the origi- 
nal in that respect. Mention is made of 
but one serpent there. We killed in our 
yard about one every other day for 3 
months, the first spring we were in 
the house. Where they had been the 2 sea- 
sons before, when we had no shelter, no one 
knows ; for one August we used to go hunt- 
ing them several miles down the lake. To 
start out deliberately for a rockslide to see 
how many rattlers one can get in an after- 
noon is a different proposition from having 
them shot in the path, within 3 feet of one's 
door, especially when one happens to be set- 
tled on the doorstep for an afternoon's 
reading. It was the only life we made a 
habit of taking. We fished only enough for 
our needs and those of a friend down the 
lake. In the warmer months the trout all 
seek the cool depths of the upper lake. 
When we occasionally needed fresh meat 
the men brought down venison from the 
rocks and valleys above us ; and a pair or 
2 of goat horns came in one early spring 
as trophies. The pretty creatures we came 
on while rowing close to the shore at twi- 
light just raised a horned head and looked 
at us with large, startled eyes before quietly 
trotting off up the gulch, with now and 
then a look around, until we were out of 
sight. Then father would rest on his oars 
and say, "How could any one shoot that !" 

What I always looked for and dreaded I 
never saw — a bear — though we came on 
fresh signs of monster bears more than 
once, and the bark torn off a dead tree 
seemed scarce an hour old. Bruin in the 
National Park, that stole our bacon at 
night, was all I heard, and the pet cub in 
a rancher's dooryard, now and then, all I 

The last year I was in camp I saw that 
grandest and most appalling of sights, a 
forest fire. For 4 months I had looked 
across a mile of water to the base of "Old 
Sawtooth," and had let my eyes wander up 

1 82 


its cliffs and ravines beyond the timber 
line to where the snow lay all the year, 
11,000 feet straight up and above us. The 
altitude of Lake Chelan is not more than 
1,000 feet. I had learned to love each 
patch of timber, and where to look for the 
heaviest growth of syringa. One August 
day a careless woodchopper turned all this 
beauty into a seething, crackling sheet. For 
a week our eyes and throats were burned 
and dry. We felt the heat across the lake 
and the air was full of cinders. At night 
the fire was awful in its fascination, creep- 
ing relentlessly on and up and along, run- 

ning up the height of a great pine till the 
tree stood like a torch, and then, with a 
crash was only a part of the rest. That fire 
crept on and burned in spots, to be seen at 
night, until the first rains, 5 weeks later. 
When the worst was over, our beautiful 
mountain was blackened and bare in large 
patches, with a white crown its only glory. 
Soon after that we went back to the 
world of men, and only in dreams have we 
seen our camp home since then; but the 
memory of it only grows dearer as the 
hope of seeing it again grows each year 



One of the Special Prize Winners in Recreation's 7th Annual Photo Competition. 

Made with Manhattan Camera. 



Some of these critters that's ben huntin' 
coons around here the last 2 er 3 years are 
enough ter make a feller that knows any- 
thing about the business sick an' tired. 
I've heered 'em say so much about it that 
finally I went out one night jest ter see 
'em maneuver. They hunted all over 2 
er 3 towns with a pack of dogs, an' chased 
rabbits, skunks an' patridges 'round through 
the woods an' fields a'most all night, an' 
finally did manage ter git one coon. From 
what I see of these coon hunters that night 
they haint ary one of 'em has got the 
brains of a guinea hen. Ter begin with, 
they haint got any dogs that's worth lead- 
in' home. I'd a gin a $50 bill ter seen my 
old dog dropped down inter Bill Jones's 
corn field that night jest as good as he used 
ter be. The'd ben coons thar. I could tell 
by the actions; but the dogs couldn't seem 
ter trail 'em out any better 'n a pack of 
bull dogs. I'll bet a ton of hay agi'n a 
toothpick that my dog would 'ave took 
the track an' treed coons from that field 
inside of 10 minutes. I mean the one that 
I sold ter Clarke, of Manchester. Didn't 
I ever tell you about 'im ? 

Waal, yer see, John B. Clarke that used 
ter run the Manchester Mirror was an 
awful hand ter hunt coons, an' somehow 
er other he'd heered that I had a good 
dog. An' he come right up ter see about 
it. Now it happened so that I couldn't go 
out with 'im that night, an' he couldn't 
wait any longer, 'cause he was in a hurry, 
so I got Ab Parmelee ter take the dog 
an' go out with 'im. Yer see Ab had 
hunted so much that he knew the ins an' 
outs of the business as well as anyone, 
fer he an' I had ketched from 50 ter 75 
coons right along, season after season, an' 
besides, old Sport seemed ter kind er take 
ter him. 

Waal, they took the team an' along about 
night started out toward the Unity hills. 
An' it seems that all the way out thar 
Clarke kep' tellin' Ab about coon dogs he'd 
hunted with, an' how some on 'em would 
hunt all right, an' tree their game all 
right, but onless he was right thar pretty 
quick, they'd quit the tree an' come back 
ter him. An' that what he wanted was a 
dog that would stick even if the hunters 
didn't git thar fer an hour er 2. Of course 
that was all right, fer if a man goes among 
strangers ter buy a horse er a dog, he's 
supposed ter know what he's lookin' for, 
an' has got a right ter be pertickler. An' 
I've seen them that was a durned sight 
more fussy about such things than they 


was when they went ter pick out a woman 
ter be their pardner fer life. They'd look 
up a hound's pedigree back fer 25 years ter 
see if thar was any yaller streaks any- 
where, an' the dog would have ter be 
shaped jest so, an' be marked jest so, an' 
be jest such a kind of barkin' dog, an' have 
jest so long ears, an' such a shaped foot, 
an' so on ; an', by thunder, them same men 
would pick ont a whinin', fussy, crosseyed 
woman that would talk faster an' louder 
than any hound ye ever see would bark a 
runnin' by sight. Yis, an' when they got 
wound up, an' got ter goin' on, 'twant no 
use ter talk back, fer they'd tree a critter 
less'n a minute an' they'd stick, too, you 

Anyway, Clarke said so much about the 
dog stickin' that it sort of riled Ab. He's 
a kind of odd critter, yer see ; an' when 
he's riled he's contrary as a prayin' deacon 
in a hoss trade. Waal, they drove out 
toward Unity an' the dog struck out fer 
the hills an' disappeared, an' Clarke an' 
Ab went up on ter the side hill an' found 
a good snug place an' set down in a hol- 
ler among some spruces, an' visited an' 
told huntin' yarns fer quite a spell. Bimeby 
Clarke got uneasy about old Sport's not 
comin' back, an' begun ter ask if it want 
likely he'd gone back home, er whar the 
deuce he had gone ter anyway. He didn't 
git much satisfaction out of Ab, you bet. 
Finally, he asked Ab about a dog that they 
could jest hear barkin' a long ways ofT ; 
an' what dog he s'posed it was. It sounded 
like some farmer's watch dog, an' they'd 
heered it fer more'n an hour. Now you'd 
better believe he was a trifle surprised when 
Ab told 'im it was the old coon dog. 

"What's he barkin' at?" said Clarke. 

"A coon, of course," says Ab. 

"Well then," says Clarke, "why in blazes 
don't we go over thar an' see about it?" 

"Oh," says Ab, "thar's no hurry; s'pose 
we wait a while ter see if he'll stick." 

Thar's whar Ab had 'im, fer he'd heered 
Sport barkin' all the evenin' an' was jest 
that contrary that he was willin' ter wait 
all night ter score a point in the game. 
Yis, that's Ab all over when you rile 'im. 
Pretty quick they started over ter whar 
the racket was, an' after quite a tramp 
found the dog barkin' at a hemlock about 
a foot through at the butt. He'd got his 
game up a small tree. That was one of his 
strong points. Yer see, when he struck a 
track he never'd yip, but would run it like 
fury until he treed before he'd bark once. 
Some dogs '11 bark on the track an' that 



tells the coon they're comin', so Mr. Coon 
either puts it fer a hole in the ledges er 
else picks out the biggest tree within a 
mile an' goes up it. You can bet yer bot- 
tom dollar the coons know whar all the 
big trees be, too. This dog didn't give em 
a chance fer any funny business, an' some- 
times he'd put 'em up a saplin' not more'n 
3 inches through. 

Waal, as I said, they found Sport barkin' 
up a hemlock, an' he was fussin', an' walk- 
in' 'round it an' every now an' then puttin' 
his fore feet up on ter the butt as high as 
he could reach, an' waggin' his tail ter beat 
all, but never once takin' his eyes off the 
tree. Oh ! He was a good one, I tell yer, 
an' it makes my old blood feel good jest 
ter think of 'im. 

Waal, Ab clim the tree, up 'mongst the 
limbs out er Clarke's sight an' then hunted 
the tree over an' found the coon. Thar 
was a brush fence jest at the foot of the 
tree that seemed ter worry Clarke a good 
deal fer he thought mebbe Ab would shake 
the coon off an' the dog be on one side 
the fence an' the coon light on thother, an' 
then git a good start an' like as not git 
away from the dog inter the ledges; fer 
he'd seen 'em do it. So he hollered an' 
said : 

"Can ye see 'im?" 

"Eeup," says Ab. 

"Which side the fence '11 he strike on?" 

"I dunno," grunted Ab, mighty short. 

''Wall, hadn't we better find out an' git 
the dog on ter the right side?" says Clarke, 
kind er easy like, fer he begun ter think 
he'd struck a queer combination of man 
an' dog. 

"Y-o-u 1-e-t t-h-e d-o-g a-1-o-n-e a-n' 
d-o-n-'t t-o-u-c-h 'i-m," says Ab, in a way 
that meant business. 

Jest then he fired his revolver an' the 
coon went down through them hemlock 
limbs makin' more noise than a house fall- 

^D'id Sport git 'im?" yelled Ab. 

"Git 'im," says Clarke, "the coon struck 
right in his mouth." 

Then pretty quick he begun ter look ter 
see if he could find whar the bullet struck, 
but he couldn't, an' hollered an' told Ab 

"Mebbe," says Ab mighty slow an mod- 
crate, "Mebbe," says he, "that I hit 'im in 
the eye," an' Clarke looked, an' found one 
eye was gone. 

"Waal, waal, sure enough you have, by 
hokey!" says he. "Waal, ef that don't beat 
all, by hokey!" 

After Ab looked the tree all over an' 
found thar want any more in it, he come 
down an' skinned the coon an' got ready 
ter move on again, fer he knew the dog 
could find some more ; but Clarke said no, 
fer he'd seen enough ter satisfy him, so 
he was willin' ter go back ter town. 

He told me all about it next day, an' 
said Ab was a queer feller ; but, said he'd 
like ter go huntin' with 'im right along, 
fer, he said, he never enjoyed a coon hunt 
any better in his life. 

"An," says he, when he told me about 
the coon bein' shot in the eye, "I've been 
thinkin' it over, an' have made up my mind 
that he knew all the time after he fired 
that he'd hit 'im in the eye." 

He was right, fer Ab would git his bulls- 
eye ter strike a coon's face jest right, an' 
then fetch 'im in the eye a' most every 

Waal, ter make a long story short, Clarke 
bought the dog, an' once after that I see 
'im an' he told me that he took 'im down 
in Maine an' got 15 coons with 'im the 
first 3 nights. Says he: 

"Do you know, I didn't believe half what 
you fellers told me about that dog, but 
he's a better dog than you said, fer I 
thought I'd seen coon dogs before, but I 
never had." 

Oh ! He was a rippin' good one, an' 
you might look fer 30 year, an' not find 
another like 'im. 

What made me sell 'im? Waal, don't 
yer fergit one thing, I got a mighty good 
price fer 'im. I sha'n't say how much fer 
ef I did, mebbe you might not believe it. 

"Do you believe that egotism and genius 
go together?" 

"Not always. There would be a lot 
more genius if they did." — Judge. 



One warm afternoon of March, '96, 
George and I stood at the foot of what 
had once been a lordly black oak, 3 miles 
from Bethlehem, Pa. The tree was 2 feet 
in diameter and much decayed, only 30 feet 
of it still standing. It was without limbs, 
and near the top was a large hole. As we 
looked at the hole I remarked that it might 
be worth a climb. A few minutes later I 
was at the top, peering down into the hol- 
low. Two feet from the mouth lay a large, 
snarling raccoon. Believing there were 
young with the big one, I asked George to 
bring me a chunk of wood to choke the 
opening above our game, and determined 
to capture them alive. George brought 
part of a stump, which I carried up and 
used as a plug at the opening. 

With my little hatchet I cut a hole at the 
level of the coon, making it only wide 
enough to admit my hands. However, I 
took no liberties. I had a healthy regard 
for the snarling prisoner inside, who, with 
gaping mouth and shiny teeth, watched 
my motions. I soon mgde out the presence 
of 2 young, hairless and squirming, nestled 
under her. George gave me much encour- 
agement with his mouth, but declined any 
active participation in the capture, leaving 
all the glory to me. 

Introducing through the hole a strap 
with a noose I managed, after many fail- 
ures, to lasso the coon, catching her around 

the neck. To do this, clinging to that half 
decayed bark, and to hold her while I 
climbed down, using only one hand for 
clinging and my climbers for descending, 
was no easy job, for I was obliged to hold 
her at arm's length from me and from the 
tree ; but it was at last safely accomplished. 

I crowded her, half strangled, into a bag, 
which we tied, and we then had her safe 
for carrying. The baby coons I tucked into 
my coat to keep them snug and warm. 

We placed the little family in a tin-lined 
box, where the babies soon became inter- 
esting pets, tame nd contented; but the 
mother never lost her ferocity. She began 
a course of daily baths for her babies 
when they were 2 months old. I some- 
times feared she would drown them in her 
earnestness, but she never did. All her 
food she washed before she would eat it, 
even rolling unbroken eggs about in the 
water before beginning her feast on them.* 

After keeping the coons a few weeks I 
gave them to the late Dr. Detweiler, of 
Bethlehem. For a time they furnished 
him much amusement, but one morning 
they got out of their cage. One ate some 
soap lye in the next room and died there. 
The others disappeared. 

*The coon always washes his food, even if it be 
obtained from the water, as in the case of craw- 
fishes. If food be given him in captivity when 
water is not at hand, he goes through the motions 
of washing, then wiping it on his fur. — Editor. 



Is there aught so annoying or less worth 
While you're overhauling your last sum- 
mer's load, 
Mid direst confusion and hopeless profu- 
In trunks and tackle boxes where every- 
thing's stowed ; 
While you ransack and rummage your last 
season's dunnage, 
And work like a beaver in spite of your 
To find in the lining of your rain coat re- 
The hooks you can swear would have 
saved that big trout? 



When E. C. Judson, the novelist, better 
known, perhaps, as "Ned Buntline," was 
living on the Raquette, in a cabin of his 
own building, Mr. Sidney Robbins was for 
a time his companion. In after years Mr. 
Robbins was fond of telling of their ad- 
ventures in the wilderness. Having heard 
many of his stories I can vouch for their 
interest, if not for their authenticity. Mere 
mention of the name of his distinguished 
friend was sufficient to start the old gentle- 
man off on a fresh narrative. One lead of 
mine in that direction was rewarded as 
follows : 

"Judson and I," said Mr. Robbins, his 
brow furrowed and eyes half closed in an 
earnest effort to recall facts, "went down 
the Raquette one day and took along a pail 
of minnows and another of worms. Jud 
swore he would catch every fish in the river, 
but what he would have enough for a good 
dinner. We rowed a mile up stream, got 
the boat nicely anchored, and waited for a 
bite. Perhaps half an hour passed with- 
out incident. Then Judson sprang to his 
feet and began pulling in his line. It came 
slowly, though I could see Jud was putting 
all his muscle into the business. Pres- 
ently there was a great surge at the end 
of the line, and the water boiled and 
foamed furiously. 

"I've got him, all right," cried Jud, as 
a monster bass came in sight, "and he's the 
father of all fish !" 

By main strength he hauled the big 
fellow alongside. We both grabbed him 
and despite his frantic struggles, fairly 
scooped him aboard. He was so big that 
we decided to call the sport off, and started 
for shore, reaching it in a few minutes. 
The fish lay quietly in the bottom of the 
boat, but when we attempted to lift him 
out trouble began and continued. Almost 
the first flop of his tail knocked me back- 
ward over the stern of the boat. When I 
got my head above water there was a 
royal melee in progress. Jud's hat was 

floating down the river and he was making 
furious but futile grabs at his flopping op- 
ponent, meanwhile swearing hard enough 
to frighten an ordinary fish to death. I 
rushed back to the fray and wound my 
arms about the bass in a close and slimy 
embrace. Judson tried to settle the trouble 
by batting the fish over the head with a 
wooden bailing-scoop. One blow was so 
far misdirected that it took me squarely in 
the chest. Again I went overboard, taking 
the fish with me. Fortunately I fell on the 
old fellow and succeeded in pinning him to 
the bottom until Judson came to my as- 
sistance. We got him into the boat, which 
was by that time cleared of seats, oars, 
bait-pails and every other movable, and 
from there we carried him ashore. 

"As the bass appeared thoroughly spent 
we left him on the ground while we went 
to recover as much of our property as had 
not sailed down stream. Returning with 
our salvage, we looked in vain for our 
prize. It was nowhere to be seen. 

"Well, great Caesar!" cried Judson, gaz- 
ing up and down the shore. "This is a 
mysterious affair, isn't it?" 

"Where the dickens could he have 
gone?" I said. 

"Bust my jib-stay if I know," replied 
Judson : "I've clean lost the point o' com- 
pass. Turn to leeward, Sid, and cruise the 
bushes. That son of a shark can't have 
gone far." 

We finally found our catch in a little 
pool at the river's edge, 25 feet from where 
we had left him. He was so completely 
exhausted that he made no resistance when 
I picked him up and shouldered him. We 
got him to the cabin and weighed him. 
The scales tipped at just 40 pounds, 4 

"Well," I exclaimed, "that was a mon- 
ster, indeed!" 

"Y-e-s," said the old gentleman, re- 
flectively, "he was pretty big; but Judson 
and I caught some bigger ones." 

Edith — Mertie says she intends to learn 
to skate this winter. 

Marie — But she learned last winter. 

Edith— Yes; but she broke her engage- 
ment to that fellow.— Exchange. 


Young folks a-stompin' kase de snow's been 
A spell o' wedder comin', so de goose 
bone say ; 
Supper's done ready, an' Tilly Belle's 
a-callin' ; 
Everybody's hungry, kase dey work all 

Oh, it's flip on de griddle, an' it's flop on de 
Sammy, pass de lasses, don't be so slow; 
De chillun's mighty hungry, an' dey make 
a heap o' clatter, 
Mourners ! It's a caution how de pan- 
cakes go. 

Safe in de barn shed, ole Dominick's 
Coon dog a-barkin' wid a right good 
will ; 
Down in de bottom land de hunters' horns 
Sounds dat makes me happy when de 
night grows still. 

Snug on de hearthstone de yaller dog's 
Chillun all quiet, an' de coals shine bright; 
Close by de chimbleyside de ole man's 
An' de wind sings. My Ole Kaintucky 
Home, To-night. 




'Way before day nex' mornin' Uncle 
Dick an' me wuz up an' on our way ter 
th' turkey roost. Th' day star wuz jest 
over th' tops uv th' trees, an' hit wuz shore 
th' brightest I ever seen. I love ter git up 
soon uv a mornin' when I'm in camps, an' 
see th' day star a shinin', but when I'm 
home I aint that way. There wuz a heavy 
dew on th' grass an' we got wet to our 
hips, an' hit wuz cold, an' I woulden fool 
yer. When we got in th' hammock though't 
wuz dry, 'casion uv th' trees bein' so thick 
overhead, hit wuz so dark we coulden 
hardly see our way. An, as we wuz a 
goin' 'long somethin' jumped out uv a low 
crooked live oak, an' went a tearin' off 20 
feet to a kick. I sez "O-o-h-h !" an' Uncle 
Dick sez, "There goes a dinged ole eater- 
mount." Hit made chills run down me 
ter think s'posin' he'd a waited till we 
got under 'im, an' then dropped onter my 
neck an' went ter kickin' my close offen 
me with 'is claws. 

One time, when pa wuz a young man, 
him an' some other men wuz a cuttin' cord 
wood in th' fiatwoods, an' had 'em a little 
camp by a branch, an' they wuz a trail 
went down th' bank where they got water. 
One evenin' they come in twix' sundown 
an' dark, an' one uv 'em grabbed a bucket 
an' went down th' trail an' direckly they 
hearn 'im a squallin', "Help, boys, help ; 
bring yore axs, they's a panter got me." 
They dashed out ter help 'im, an' th' var- 
mint tore out when it seen 'em a comin'. 
Hit wuz a wild cat, an' th' feller sez when 
he went under a live oak that growed over 
th' trail, th' drotted critter dropped 
astraddle uv 'is neck, an' went ter clawin' 
like hit wuz gittin' paid fer hit. Hit were- 
n't on a half a minute, but hit scratched 
'im up scandalous, an' ruint 'is shirt. Pa 
sez he reckoned th' feller come under hit 
so sudden th' devilish thing didn't know 
what else ter do, an' lit on 'im an' went ter 

When we begun ter git clost ter where 
th' turkeys wuz, we went mighty easy, an' 
I wuz a strainin' my eyes inter th' tree 
tops an' firs' thing I knowed I hung my 
foot in a grape vine, an' fell down kerwop, 
an' made a tnrrible fuss, an' en old turkey 
sez, "prut," right over our heads. Doggone 
my cats if I weren't th' excitedest I ever 
wuz; but I managed fer Uncle Dick not 
ter know hit. By that time hit wuz a 
gettin' light in th' East, an' d'reckly we 
. c een 3 big ole turkeys settin' on a limb, an' 
by grannies, they looked as big as yearlins 

ter me. Uncle Dick whispers an' sez fer 
me ter git a good sight on 'em an pull 
down, an' if I missed 'em he'd try an' git 
one. But hit wuz so dark till I coulden 
sight my gun. When I'd look at th' tur- 
keys I coulden see th' sight, an' when I 
looked at th' sight I coulden see th' turkeys, 
so I had ter wait a little. Look like day 
come th' slowest I ever seen, but d'reckly 
hit got right, an' I poured hit to 'em with 
'bout 4 thimblefuls uv turkey shot. My 
ole gun shore throws them blue pills, and 
at th' crack 2 uv 'em come a crashin' ter 
th' dirt, an' a lot more flew down that we 
hadn't seen. I let out a howl, an' Uncle 
Dick sez, "Hooraw fer you, Bud, 2 at a 
drag aint bad !" One uv 'em laid on th' 
ground an' jest give 'is wings a bat 'casion- 
ally, but th' biggest one, which wuz a gob- 
bler, wuz a jumpin' round like a hen with 
'is head cut off. I wuz afeared hit 'ud git 
away, so I throwed myself on 'em. Uncle 
Dick hollered, "Turn 'em loose, he'll tear 
yore close." But I woulden a loosened 'im 
if he'd a had teeth like a 'gaitor. I rastled 
'im in th' leaves till he wuz dead, but he 
hit me in th' face with 'is wings, an' 
blooded my nose. Doggone if he weren't 
th' strongest I ever seen. Well, sir, I wuz 
shore th' proud boy, an' I woulden fool 
you. I looked at 'em an' hefted 'em, an' 
I'd a give a purty if Ma 'n sis could a seen 
'em, an' a had one ter eat. 

We lit out fer camp, an' it look like th' 
squir'ls was th' thickes' an' the sassiest I 
ever seen. Look like they knowed we 
didn't want 'em that mornin'. When we 
got ter camp Mr. Sam sez I wuz a hunter 
from way back. Pa never said much, but 
I could see he wuz mos' as well tickled 
as I wuz. They set out fer th' traps 
d'reckly after we come, an' Uncle Dick an' 
me went ter cleanin' th' turkeys. We cut 
up th' least one, an' throwed hit in th' 
pot, an' stuck fire to hit. an' had 'er a 
bilin' in less'en no time. I taken th' hearts 
an' livers an' fried 'em, an' they wuz shore 
fine. When th' ole turkey began ter git 
tender, Uncle Dick made up some dough, 
an' as soon's pa an' Mr. Sam come in 
sight he put hit in th' pot an' cooked up 
th' finest mess uv dumplins you ever seen. 
We taken th' pot offen th' fire, an' set 
round hit an' helped ourselves, an by 
gracious, I never seen anythin' any better. 
The broth wuz jest like gravy, an' you bet 
hit wuz good. Pa brought back 5 coon 
hides, an' soon's my dinner got settled, I 
nailed 'em to trees, an' took down some 



that wu2 dried. 'Bout 3 o'clock pa split 
th' big gobbler in 2, so hit 'ud go in 
our bakin' skillet, an' put a little water in 
with hit, an' set hit on th' coals. He 
kep' a little water in hit till hit began ter 
git tender, an' then he taken some thin 
slashes uv bacon, an' laid on top uv th' 
turkey, an' let the water cook nearly 
out, an' when th' meat wuz nice an' 
brown, he taken hit out an' put a little 
flour in th' turkey juice, an' made gravy 
that 'ud make anybody water at th' mouth 
jest ter smell hit. By that time Mr. Sam 
had a pan uv biskets cooked up, th' purtiest 
I ever seen. Ever' one had a little brown 
spot on top, jest alike. We set down to 
hit a little after dark, an' I won't say much 
'bout it, cause I've done talked too much 
already 'bout eatin', but I'm bliged ter say 
hit jest natchelly laid over anythin' I ever 
set down to before. 

After supper they got ter tellin' huntin' 

tales. Uncle Dick sez one time when he 
was 'bout 16 er 17 him an' another man 
wuz a trappin' an' one day they wuz a 
paddlin' up a creek through a big ham- 
mock in their canoes with th' other feller 
in th' lead. That feller happened ter see 
an ole buzzard a settin' on a limb, an' 
bein' a sorter funny feller, he grabbed 'is 
gun an' shot th' buzzard, an' hollered, "I've 
shot a turkey ! I've shot a turkey ! hurry, 
Dick, an' git 'im. He's only cripp'led." 
Uncle Dick sez he like ter busted hisself a 
paddlin' ashore an' a dashin' up th' bank, 
an' when he'd busted through th' bushes, 
there weren't nothin' but an ole turkey 
buzzard. Uncle Dick sez th' feller like to 
have killed hisself a laughin', but pa sez 
hit wuz a shame ter kill th' pore ole buz 
zard fer nothin'. Pa hates ter see anythin' 
killed that ain't uv no use. I went ter 
sleep studyin' 'bout turkeys, an' dreamt I 
killed one big's a steer. 






It was nearing the middle of October, 
and the open season on antelope was draw- 
ing to a close, when my friend, A. C. 
White, and I started out to hunt for ante- 
lope in the sand hills on the Apishapaw 
river, 30 miles Southwest of Rocky Ford. 
After a long drive we reached the pros- 
pective hunting grounds. As we pulled up 
to the spring, our old camping ground, we 
found a party there who had had no suc- 
cess, and had decided to break cam. and 
go home the next morning. We knew they 
had not found the antelope range and 
were glad of it, as our game would not 
be so wild if left undisturbed. We looked 
wise and kept mum, stretched our canvas 
and got supper. 

We rolled in early and it seemed to me 
I was hardly in bed when I heard the 
other outfit getting breakfast. We soon 
had our breakfast on the smoke and when 
it was disposed of we saddled our ponies 
and made for the hills. 

We had only gone about 2 miles from 
camp and were riding leisurely, not dream- 
ing game was near, when to our right, about 
half a mile, I saw the sun glistening on a 
big herd of antelope. I tumbled off my 
horse and it didn't take White long to 
get next. He had not seen the game, but 
he smelt it, I told him what I had seen ; 
we tied our horses and proceeded to in- 

I surveyed the hills and valleys between 
the herd and us and picked out a course. 
We then made off through the low places 
vith silent tongues and beating hearts, and 
soon reached the hill behind which was the 
game. I peered over and found they had 
fed South about 150 yards. I had marked 
them exactly. 

I looked the herd over, and, to my sur- 
prise, I knew them. For 3 years had I 
seen their leader on different occasions, 
and had longed to draw my ivory bead on 
his breast. The opportunity had arrived. 

I crawled back to White and motioned 
to him to follow me. When I had crawled 
up even with the bunch I stopped and 
whispered to White : "There is a buck 
over this hill as big as a cow, I have been 
trying for 3 years to get his head. I shall 
let you have the standing shot, and if that 
buck gets away, Mrs. White will be a 
widow." White grinned. He arose and I 
showed him his target. 

I knew the buck was doomed by the way 
White's eyes glistened. It was an awful 
moment, but it was too good to last longer. 
White took careful aim and fired. I was 

on my feet in a second and at first thought 
he had missed. The big buck started to 
run and I threw down on him intending 
to fix him the third time he hit the ground. 
He took 2 jumps as if untouched, but 
the third time he went up I saw him wilt, 
I knew White's aim had been true and 
instead of shooting him I turned and bored 
another buck which was showing us a 
cloud of sand mixed with hind feet and 
legs. My aim was true and I saw him 
stumble. I shot twice more but failed to 
down him. White's buck had left the 
bunch and stood on a little knoll, watching 
us, too weak to run away, I saw my game 
leave the rest and I knew we had him 
also. In the meantime the big buck had 
fallen and we went to him at once. We 
dressed him, dragged him to a big cac- 
tus and tied a handkerchief to it, so we 
could find him later. Going to where I 
saw my buck leave the herd, we flushed 
him from a little gully, and shot several 
times at him, but he went on. There in 
council we decided that White should fol- 
low the antelope and that I should cut in 
ahead and kill my buck, as I knew about 
where he would cross the hills. 

I had got nearly to where he should cross 
when I almost stepped on a big rattle- 
snake. I stopped to kill it and while thus 
engaged the antelope passed about 200 
yards ahead of me. I got to the top just 
in time to see him go into a big ravine 
about a quarter of a mile away. I waited 
until White came up and we made for the 
hill. I crawled up to the top and peeped 
over. There stood the buck, looking back 
to where we had been. I rested my elbow 
on my knee, held about 6 inches over his 
back and fired. He sprang into the air and 
fell on his head. 

White stepped the distance, 290 yards. I 
struck the antelope on the hip and the ball 
went through him endways. We found that 
m Y 38-70 had broken a shoulder the first 
time I hit him. We dressed him and were 
quickly in camp. Dinner over we drove 
the wagon out and got our meat. We 
dreamed of antelope all that night, but 
early next morning were off for home, 
satisfied with our luck. 

We reached home about 24 hours after 
the other boys and sent each of them a 
steak. W T hite had the grandpa of those 
20, and a prouder hunter never lived, 
as he hung the big fellow in a tree at 
.home. White has since had the head of 
the big buck mounted and it is the largest 
head in these parts. 




If any of the dear readers of Recreation 
wish to vary the dull monotony of exist- 
ence, regardless of consequences, let them 
betake themselves to the sub-tropical re- 
gions of South America, and after ex- 
periencing the petty annoyances of ban- 
dits, snakes and yellow fever, return to the 
swamps of Arkansas, where a higher civ- 
ilization prevails, and only mosquitoes 
serve to sustain one's interest in life. 

Mr. J. K. Riffel and I started from Bu- 
enos Ayres with outfits and guides to accu- 
mulate specimens, fun and experience, our 
destination being the boundary between 
Bolivia and Peru. After a few days' 
travel, we met 3 Americans, all that re- 
mained of a large party who had gone into 
Bolivia after gold, some months previous. 
All the others had been killed by the In- 
dians, who attacked them shortly after 
their arrival. The Peruvian government 
sent 20 men to explain to the Indians the 
errors of their ways, but the messengers 
were never afterward heard from. 

Our guides, being good Christians, nat- 
urally objected to taking human life unnec- 
essarily, even an Indian's ; so when they 
heard of this state of affairs they quietly 
stole away by the light of the moon, with 
a cargo of our spare bedding, guns and 
ammunition. Not a man in Argentina 
could we find to go into Peru or Bolivia, 
except one Irishman, Pat, who informed 
us that the greatest trouble was to pro- 
cure sacks large enough to hold the gold, 
which was lying around loose in large nug- 

"Pat, what brought you to this country?" 
we asked. 

"Strength of body and weakness of 
mind," he replied. 

As we could not obtain more men, we 
reluctantly turned our steps toward the 
pampas of Western Argentina. After some 
days of railroad, horseback and boat travel, 
we reached the Colorado, a magnificent 
stream bounded by vast plains of sand or 
grass, with some timber near the hills and 

spurs of the Andes. Game, of limited va- 
riety but in great numbers, abounded, 
among which were the guanacho, an ani- 
mal resembling a small camel, minus the 
hump ; deer ; hares, or rabbits ; armadillos ; 
lions, or pumas ; and occasionally wild cat- 
tle ; all of which furnished us a valuable 
collection of skins and heads. Small fur- 
bearing animals are plentiful farther South, 
in the Patagonian regions, and several 
Americans are doing well in the trapping 
and hunting business. 

We pushed South, following the Eastern 
slope of the Andes, a country of unbound- 
ed mineral resources, animal life, and tim- 
ber and thousands of lakes, of wonder- 
ful depth, containing fishes of great va- 
riety. As there are absolutely no means 
of transportation or communication, the 
enormous wealth of this region will not 
for many years be opened to civilization. 
Sheep and cattle furnish the wealth of the 
country, as they require no feeding, and 
little work. Even some of the Pampas 
Indians possess thousands of sheep and 
cattle, but not realizing their wealth, con- 
tinue to live in dirt and squalor, allowing 
their herds to grow wild, or be confiscated 
by an occasional white man with an eye 
to business and an elastic conscience. 

At present our encampment is near a 
small lake in Rio Negros. As I write this, 
on a boulder overlooking the water, I can 
see the fish playing at a depth of 20 feet ; 
and a few hundred yards out on the plain 
a herd of deer are grazing, oblivious of 
human presence. From here we will go 
to Punta Arenas, Chili, spending a year or 
2 in short trips to Terra del Fuego and 
the neighboring islands. 

Buenos Ayres has a zoological garden 
far superior, both in numbers and variety 
of animals, to any in the States. Anv 
stranger contemplating a Southern trip will 
find it advisable to bring his entire outfit 
from the States, and to keep his money in 
his boots, to avoid awakening in the na- 
tives an undue eagerness for his company. 

St. Peter: Where did you come from? 
Arrival: I jumped down from the roof 
of a New York office building. — Life. 




Ever since fishing vessels have sailed 
from the ports of Massachusetts, the Mer- 
rimac river has been an important source 
of supply for bait. In olden times salted 
clams and porgie slivers were much used, 
but since the introduction of cold storage 
the demand is for fresh fish, though 
some skippers still cling to their "hammer 
bait," meaning cockles, which they strike 
with a hammer before placing on the hook, 
that being the only kind of bait a dogfish 
will not touch. 

As the schools of bait, alewives, blue- 
backs, porgies, and herring, migrate along 
our coasts, they enter the Merrimac, and 
are kept there by dogfish and pollock at 
the river's mouth. After the migration 
has passed and the weirs and pounds are 
empty, bait can still be caught in the Merri- 

Many methods are employed in catching 
fish. The purse seine plays an important 
part, especially in the capture of mackerel. 
The mesh net does its share in the general 
destruction of fish life, whether it be 
placed at the bottom or the top of the wa- 
ter ; but the principal method is with the 
old fashioned, baited hook. 

A little black steamer, loaded with her- 
ring, passes from vessel to vessel in Glou- 
cester harbor, supplying them with bait. 
Let us get aboard her, go over to the Mer- 
rimac river, and see how the bait is caught. 
In response to our request, we are invited 
on board, and the steamer heads for the 
canal which connects Gloucester harbor 
with Anisquam river. Through the canal 
and down the river we glide. It is dark as 
we cross Ipswich bay, and we keep a look- 
out for Newburyport light. 

"We're near the bar now. Here comes 
a roller," calls the captain. 

The little steamer stands almost perpen- 
dicular on her bow as the water boils over 
her rail and on to her deck. The captain 
strikes 2 bells to stop the propeller, which 
is out of water, and we speed over the 
Newburyport bar as if shot from a gun. 

"That was a close call," says the captain. 
"I wouldn't 'a'dared to come in if it had 
been daylight. These ground swells come in 
quick. Whv, I've been out here with a 
boatload of bait when it was smooth as a 
mill pond, and before we could get it 
bailed out we were dancing up and down 
alongside of the vessel, first above her rail 
and then down under her bilge. It's a 
nasty place !" Every skipper along the 
coast knows Plum island and the New- 
buryport bar. 

"See those lights ahead? They are torch- 

es. They hang a torch over the bow of 
their boat, and a man aft rows while the 
one forward bails the fish." 

Here we overhaul one of them. 

"See the fish come out of the water after 
that torch ! He gets a netful every dip ; 
but they are small. The big ones won't 

By that time we are some distance up 
the river, and the captain says, "It's time 
to hear from the boys." Presently they 
hail us, and tell us to "run up a little 
farther," so as to give them room to haul. 
We keep on 150 yards more, and drop 

"Now, you fellows tumble into the dory 
and go ashore," says the captain to us, 
"but first you go aft and get on longlegged 
boots and oilers. You'll find plenty of 
them there. You don't want to be wet all 
night in the month of December. It ain't 

We follow his advice, and are rowed 
ashore by the 2 men whose turn it is to go 
on the steamer and unload the bait. Mean- 
while, the captain gets what sleep he can 
on the seat of the pilot house. 

"Have you made a haul yet?" inquires a 
man from our boat. 

"Yes," someone answers, "we hauled be- 
low there, but didn't strike them very solid. 
Got about 10 barrels. It's time they showed 
up now." 

"Suppos'n we row the seine boat out a 
little way, and see if we can feel them?" 
We row out into the river, when someone 
says : 

"There's a flip. I heard it, just below us." 

"And there's a break above us." 

"They're dipping all around us," say a 
number of voices. We push down our 
oars and feel the fish strike against them 
their whole length. 

"Back her in, boys," says the man in 
command. "Here, you fellows on shore, 
catch this warp. Now, let her go, boys, and 
make a good turn. I can't throw the net and 
watch the boat too. Turn her a little more. 
That's right. Keep her the way she's go- 
ing. Now row her in shore." 

The other warp runs out over the stern 
of the boat, as fast as 6 men pulling an oar 
each can make it. We are fortunate 
enough to land at the proper place, and the 
way the men spring out of the boat is a 
caution to cripples. 

"Come, bend on, here !" shouts a voice 
from the darkness. "Remember that hang 
above us. The tide is setting up strong, 
and we don't want to get torn up to-night. 
Race her in, boys. Now, pull all together." 




"There they poodle ! There they bunt 
her ! Hear them rush !" are some of the 
expressions used by the men. 

We pull and strain at the warps until 
someone inquires : 

"What's the matter with her? We can't 
gain an inch. Is she hung up?" 

"It's fish !" says the captain of the net. 
"Here, Jim, take the dory and go out and 
sink the corks, or we'll never get these 
ends ashore. Here they are up around my 

So Jim takes the dory and sinks the 
corks, and as the moon has risen above the 
horizon we can see better how to work. 

"Now, boys, lift the lead lines and let 
some of these fish out. We've got more 
than we can handle, although the freezer 
wants 1,000 barrels, and 2 salters came in 
to-day. Somebody get the tag-boats, and 
go to bailing." 

The tag-boats, holding about 50 barrels 
each, are made fast to the cork-line, and 
are bailed full of fish, some of the men 
wading up to their hips in the net, while 
others bail from the boats. We see the 
need of oil-clothes, for as soon as the net 
is dried up, by taking in the slack twine, 
the fish rush from side to side of the net 
with a noise that can be heard half a mile 
on a still night, and snlash us from head to 

When the tag-boats are filled, they are 
rowed out to the steamer and the fish are 
bailed on to her deck until she has about 
200 barrels aboard. Then we bid the sein- 
ers goodnight and start on our journey to 

"Those nets must pick up a great variety 
of fish," we remark, as we resume our seats 
in the pilot house. 

"Yes, we catch every kind that comes 
into the river," answers the captain, "from 
an eel to a horse-mackerel. I recollect one 
year when the river was full of horse- 
mackerel, and half a dozen boats at once 
were taking a ride all over the river, made 
fast to an iron in those fish. That was 
sport ! Especially when they crossed lines ! 
One fellow had a narrow escape. Jim 
dropped a handful of bluebacks overboard, 
and when a horse-mackerel rose up after 
them Jim put an iron into him. Somehow 
he got that line around his ankle, and over- 
board he went. Then the boat, not having 
anybody to steer it, yawed around, and 
over that went. When we got there, we 
had to right the boat before we could get 
to the line, and then we pulled in about 60 
fathoms of line before we got to Jim. We 
took him ashore and rubbed him an hour 
before he showed any signs of coming to. 
You ought to talk with him. He knows 
all about horse-mackerel! 

"We had an experience with bluefish a 
few years ago. We sat around a school 


about where we were to-night. Thought 
they was pollock, or codfish, you know. 
We saved 8, I believe. Everyone of them 
fish bit a hole the size of his mouth in that 
net and went through it. 

"We catch a big sturgeon once in 
a while. You'd think they'd tear the net? 
Not unless they roll up with it and then 
thrash. We sell them to a Dutchman in 
Newburyport. He sifts the roe through 
different-sized sieves, spices it up somehow 
— he won't tell how — and sends it to New 
York or Philadelphia, where them Dutch- 
man pay a fancy price for it. They call it 
caviare. The meat goes to the same place. 
They call it Albany beef. Or else the can- 
ners put it up for salmon. You can tell it. 
The bones are soft. You can chew them. 
Salmon bones are hard." 

"What'll the boys do with the rest of 
them fish? Oh, they'll probably take them 
up to the freezer. There's a vessel up to 
the wharf with a freezer aboard. She 
belongs over to Gloucester. They pay 50 
cents a barrel, freeze them and keep them 
until the market is bare. Then they sell 
them by count, 2 or 3 cents apiece some- 

We are in Squam river again. The draw 
opens, and we glide into a swarm of dories 
and sailboats. 

"I want a bucketful." 

"Is that a bucket?" inquires the captain. 
Look what he calls a bucket ! A candy pail ! 
He wants it full, too. That fellow has a 
big butter firkin with a bail hitched on to 
it. This fellow wants a haddock basket 
full for a bushel. Well, boys, give them 
their bait, and take their names if you can 
spell them; -I can't." Turning to us he ex- 
plains : 

"This is the bucket brigade. Most of 
them are Portuguese. They never have 
any money. So-and-so settles for their 
bait, and buys their fish; has them at both 
ends, you see." 

"I want 40 barrels," calls a voice from a 
dory, "right away, too." 

"All right, skipper, come aboard, and 
we'll be over there." 

"What do you ask for bait?" cries an- 
other voice. 

"Two dollars," answers our captain. 

"I'll give you $1.50 and take 20 barrels." 

"You can't play that this morning. There's 
too many of you waiting. I ain't got enough 
for all of you, anyhow. You'd better take 
your turn now, and not be whining and 
offering $5 after it's all gone." 

In this manner we busy ourselves, going 
from one vessel to another, until the bait 
is all bailed off the steamer's deck. Then, 
seeing our opportunity, we spring on one 
of the wharves, after thanking the genial 
captain for his hospitality, and seek our 


Please give me a description of ginseng 
root, its leaves and blossoms. I want to 
know about the wild kind. Also, if you 
can, give the address of a reliable firm that 
will buy it. 

Robert Dudley, Manchester, la. 

Ginseng (Panax quinque folium), is a 
smooth plant, 8 to 16 inches high. Roots 
are deep set, spindle shaped or branched. 
The leaves are compound, usually 5 on each 
stalk. The sketch will give an idea of 
their shape. I believe there are always 3 
of these compound leaves at top of stem. 
The flowers arise from same point; a little 
cluster of greenish yellow flowers. Fruit 
is flattened somewhat, and bright crimson 
when ripe. 

There are several German drug houses 
that are on the lookout for all kinds of 
roots ; in fact, have men in the field all 
the time. Ginseng is perhaps the most 
valuable root in the market, but it is 
practically exterminated in the larger part 
of the United States. 

There is good money in raising it. Re- 
garding cultivation, send to Director of 
Publication, Department of Agriculture, 
Washington, D. C., for Bulletin No. 16, of 
Division of Botany. Or consult Kains' 
"Ginseng, Its Cultivation, Etc." Orange 
Judd Co.., 1899. Cultivated roots command 
a higher price than the wild. — Editor. 

She — The strain on the soldier in mod- 
ern warfare must be very great. 

He — It is. Sometimes the photographer 
isn't ready, and you have to wait hours, 
and then the pictures may prove failures. 


"Do you think you could be happy with 
a man like me?" asked Willie Wishing- 
ton earnestly. 

"Oh, yes," answered Miss Cayenne after 
a pause ; "I think so — if he wasn't too 
much like you." — Washington Star. 

"The world is more inclined to take a 
man at his own estimate of himself when 
he places it low than when he puts it 
high." — Exchange. 





In July Recreation there was a repro- 
duction of a photo showing a catch of fish 
in Minnesota, accompanied by the proper 
remarks. I enclose a clipping from Min- 
neapolis Tribune of July 2d, containing pic- 
ture of another of the bristly breed whose 
education seems to have been neglected. 
Henry A. Allen, Minneapolis, Minn. 

The clipping referred to by Mr. Allen 

picture of this catch which I will gladly 
forward to you if you wish it. 

W. H. Sulflow, Minneapolis, Minn. 

I have already secured a copy of the pho- 
tograph and so need not trouble you for 
one. This and your letter show that you 
are another thoughtless, reckless, ignorant 
fish butcher. If you had kept pace with 
the thought and sentiment of decent sports- 
men the last few years, you would know 


showed the photograph reproduced here- 
with, and the statement that W. H. Sulflow 
had caught 46 fish in one day. I wrote 
Mr. Sulflow, asking if the statement was 
true, and he replied : 

The number is correct ; 36 bass and 10 
pickerel. They were caught between 6 and 
10 o'clock in the morning. I have a good 

that in taking this number of fish in one day 
you have disgraced yourself. You would 
also know that in having those fish strung 
up on clothes-lines, standing up alongside 
of them in the proud, boastful, vulgar man- 
ner you have assumed, and being photo- 
graphed, you have placed yourself on record 
as another member of the unfortunately and 
disgracefully large herd of Minnesota 
swine. — Editor. 

"O ! she's so sweet, so angelic and fair," 
sighed Lovett Fursyte. "But I know I 
shall never succeed in winning her love." 

"Nonsense!" exclaimed May Sharpe. 
"Lots of other men have succeeded. Why 
shouldn't you?" — Philadelphia Press. 


"the man who quits when he gets enough, with plenty of game still in sight, is a real sportsman. 


We of Colorado are in a dilemma. We 
have the deer and the elk, but how to keep 
them is the problem that confronts all 
sportsmen. Every year the would-be hunt- 
ers come from the East in greatly increasing 
numbers, and every year they kill and crip- 
ple thousands of our cherished game, so that 
now it is only a question of a few years 
when a deer or an elk will exist only in the 
tales of the big hunter who can tell of the 
hundreds of them he has killed. 

I have never killed an elk. I have not 
killed more than 30 deer, though I have 
lived in the West over 35 years and my call- 
ing has taken me to the front in all the 
places where I have lived. I have been in 
this State ov^.r 5 years and in the big game 
lands most of the time. Last year I, in 
company with 7 others, went to the Doug- 
lass Creek country to get a deer. We saw 
hundreds of deer during the 3 weeks of our 
stay ; but we wanted some fine heads, so 
killed but few and none with over 4 points. 
There were about 50 does to one buck and 
nearly every deer we killed had been 
wounded, showing that nearly all had been 
severely hunted. Our season is August 15 
to November 5, and this is what we should 
change. The season opening at such an 
early date allows anyone to kill 2 bucks at 
a time when meat can not be kept to ship 
home; and every year more meat is spoiled 
in that way than is saved. Also it gives 
tourists a chance to come early and stay 
late, so that men who have nothing to do 
but kill can do that freely. We have game 
wardens, but everyone knows that a man 
with plenty of money can come here and 
kill all the game he wishes and that no 
questions will be asked. I am not blaming 
the game wardens, for they must live and 
they must have money; yet this wholesale 
killing will take all our game if it is not 
stopped soon. 

More deer are crippled by smokeless pow- 
der than are saved. A man who is new to 
big game 'hunting shoots at the first deer 
he sees, no matter if it is 600 yards away. 
He knows the gun will send lead there, and 
he is out to send lead. The result is he 
does not know how many deer he hits or 
misses. All he knows is he may kill one 
and then he will be It. I have been in locali- 
ties where the firing began before it was 
light enough to see the front sight on a 
gun, and was kept up all day, so that we 
had to get out for fear some fool would 
send a stray bullet into one of us. One 
fellow made a mistake and took 3 shots at 
my partner after dark. He was so far away 

that my partner could not locate him except 
by -the flashes of the powder. 

You may say I am too radical, but if you 
were here with me and could see the dead 
and crippled deer North of Rifle, Colorado, 
you would not wonder at what I say. Just 
North of Rifle the divide between the Grand 
and White rivers narrows down to 3 or 4 
miles, and on the North side of this divide 
is the great winter runway of all the deer 
from the North of Rio Blanco and Routt 
counties. The deer all pass along there the 
last of October, and then the destruction be- 
gins. All summer law-breakers have been 
killing fawns and does up in the hills ; and 
after the deer go to their winter feeding 
grounds, which are Northwest of this place, 
about 60 miles, the Indians finish hundreds 
of them. 

I am against the smokeless rifle. It's a 
game hog's gun and no tenderfoot should 
be allowed to use one. My chief reason is 
that a man who has not had much experi- 
ence will shoot at a deer when he is entirely 
out of range. 

I have been in buffalo so thick that count- 
ing them was out of the question, and now 
where are they? Three years ago I could 
go out and kill all the deer I was allowed 
to in one day, and this fall everyone of our 
hunters had a hard time to get even one 
deer in a week. As to elk, none were killed 
from this point, although some men stayed 
2 weeks. 

The , smokeless rifle does not give the 
deer a show to see where the enemy is. 
I us a 45-70 Winchester, 1886 model, and 
have used Winchesters for years. I find 
that over 500 yards with any gun is guess- 
work with most of us, shooting in timber 
and over the hill grounds in which the deer 
stay. I have seen hundreds of deer wound- 
ed with smokeless powder during the last 3 
years, and the men who fired the shots 
never knew they had hit. We should make 
the season September 15 to October 5, and 
give one buck and one doe to each man, 
with a gun license of at least $50 to non- 
residents. This might cause a howl from 
outsiders, but game belongs to the people 
of the State. 

Please give the game hogs a hard one for 
us of the West. Few ranchers on the sum- 
mer range will aid in stopping the slaugh- 
ter, for they make money every year as 
guides. It is impossible to convict a man 
under the law as it is now, and the game 
wardens only use their positions as a pull. 
They arrest some men every year, but a 
jury lets them off free, so the county has 
the cost to pay. Let us have a better law; 




one that makes possession a crime and that 
will give no recourse to the game hog but 
to pay and leave. 

I read every issue of Recreation and 
always shall as long as you keep up your 
present course of action. 

E. H. Kern, Grand Junction, Colo. 


I can give Mr. Wright some of the infor- 
mation he asks for in his letter published on 
page 284 of your April issue. In 1889 I was 
detailed to catch a grizzly, and after a hunt 
of 5 months in the mountains of Southern 
California I returned to San Francisco 
with "Monarch," the bear that is now in 
the Golden Gate Park, San Francisco. The 
story of the capture of Monarch was stolen 
recently by one Gosman, alias Kemble, and 
told by him to the Youth's Companion as 
an account of his own adventures. For 
publishing his fraudulent stuff the editor 
of Youth's Companion has written to me an 
expression of his regrets and an explana- 
tion of the manner in which the thief took 
him in. 

So much by way of introduction, to show 
that I am qualified to give the required in- 
formation. Monarch was full grown when 
captured, but he was lean and hungry. He 
has not increased in height since, but is 
much broader and heavier. His pres- 
ent dimensions, taken by Louis Ohnimus, 
who had charge of him for several years, 
and who is now employed in Golden Gate 
Park, are as follows : Length from tip to 
tip, while standing naturally, 6 feet 6 inches ; 
'height at shoulder, 45 inches ; breadth" of 
head between ears, 12 inches ; length of 
•head from ear to tip of nose, 18 inches ; 
breadth across chest, outside to outside of 
shoulder, 3 feet ; length of track, 8^2 
inches ; width of sole, 6 inches. 

Monarch never has been weighed accur- 
ately, but many estimates of his weight 
have been made by persons accustomed to 
guessing the weight of cattle, horses, etc. 
These estimates vary greatly. Mr. Ohni- 
mus, an expert menagerie man and an old- 
time vaquero, writes me that he believes 
Monarch's weight to be 1,800 pounds. This 
may be correct, but I have doubts and do 
not adopt the figures as my own. I al- 
ways have discounted about 20 per cent, the 
highest guesses at the weight of Monarch, 
and I am inclined to believe that the scales 
would bear me out. I am skeptical about 
1,800 pound bears. Monarch probably is 
the largest bear in captivity and a good 
specimen of the largest California grizzly, 
and if he weighs 1,400 pounds I am no 
guesser. Yet I may be wrong and Ohni- 
mus, with his wider experience, may be 

A word about bear tracks, at the risk of 

using too much space. I have heard of 14- 
inch tracks, and have measured footprints 
of that apparent size on mountain trails, 
but I think I know how an error is made. 
A bear generally places his hind foot in 
the track of his fore foot and a little in ad- 
vance. The hind foot obliterates the claw- 
marks of the fore foot and lengthens the 
imprint, and the double track is mistaken 
lor the print of a single foot. The appar- 
ent width is similarly increased. Some old 
trackers may be able to verify or disprove 

On exhibition in this city are the skins 
of 2 Alaskan grizzlies. The stretched 
hides are 10 feet long, 6 feet 3 inches wide. 
The heads are about the size of Monarch's. 
Whether the animals were larger is a ques- 
tion. I think not. 

Your roast of Coronado game hogs was 
deserved and just. It is not true that all 
the ducks killed on False bay were re- 
trieved and used. For 2 or 3 days 
after the slaughter boasted of by Mr. Bab- 
cock dead ducks were blown ashore. Bab- 
cock and his friends tried to justify them- 
selves by asserting that all the birds were 
shot on the wing. 

The same gang went down into Mexico 
and slaughtered quails in the same way 
and bragged of the enormous number they 
killed. One Captain Sedam, a visitor, 
seems to be the boss killer of the outfit. 
He claims to be champion wing shot of all 
creation. Babcock encourages this sort of 
thing because it attracts people to his ho- 

At Catalina fishing for record is preva- 
lent, and tons of fish are thrown on the 
beach to spoil. The game hogs get all 4 
feet into Southern California's trough, and 
the time will come when nothing else will 
be found in the trough. 

Allen Kelly, Los Angeles, Cal. 


Mr. Boswell's discussion of the game sell- 
ing question in a recent issue of Recreation 
doubtless appears sound to the casual read- 
er, but it will not bear close inspection by 
careful thinkers. 

He bases his argument on the hypothesis 
that absolute prohibition of game selling 
would mean a deprivation to 99 per cent, 
of our people. As such prohibition can 
prove a deprivation only to those who now 
buy and eat game, leaving the dealers out 
of the discussion, it follows, from his hy- 
pothesis, that all but one per cent, of our 
people are game eaters. 

This is not a fact, as everyone knows. 
That class of the people which Mr. B. des- 
ignates as the most numerous — tradesmen, 
mechanics, artisans and laborers — seldom or 
never buy and eat game, owing to its pres- 
ent high price. Any money which remains 
after the beef and other domestic meats are 



paid for is invested in mining stocks, real 
estate, brewery produce or tobacco. 

A careful investigation of the subject 
shows that not more than 5 per cent of 
the inhabitants of our large cities now eat 
game. It shows also that the people who 
buy and eat game are wealthy enough to 
go into the fields and forests to secure it. 
It may properly be argued that the indolent 
members of our middle and wealthy 
classes who buy and eat nearly all of the 
game sold are those to whom the prohibi- 
tion of all game selling will prove a hard- 
ship, but as these people are in a position 
to gratify their appetites by the exercise 
of their muscles in the fields and forests no 
sympathy need be wasted on them. 

It may properly be argued also that a 
great increase in the number of our game 
animals, such as would result from the pro- 
hibition of all game selling, will enable 
many poor men, who can not now afford 
either to buy game or shoot it, to hunt and 
kill a fair quantity of game within a few 
miles of most of our cities. Thus it fol- 
lows that the prohibition of game selling 
would benefit the poor man instead of 
working hardship on him. 

As long as any selling of game is per- 
mitted, no matter how well planned and 
well framed the conditions attached to such 
selling may be, the market hunters will re- 
main in business, and by the exercise of a 
little clever dishonesty will sell all the 
game they are able to kill. The very re- 
strictions which are thrown around the 
sale of game for the purpose of regulating 
such selling act as obstacles to the prosecu- 
tion and conviction of market hunters and 
game dealers who violate the laws. 

The only measure which will positively 
prevent the constant killing of large quan- 
tities of game for market is one which will 
prohibit the selling and buying of game at 
all times, with severe prison penalties for 
every violation. The conviction of offend- 
ers, with all petty conditions and restric- 
tions removed, would be easy and rapid; 
and a long prison sentence is relished by 

In order to replenish our depleted fields 
and forests with game advise a more radi- 
cal step even than the mere prohibition of 
game selling, namely, a closed season on all 
game for a period of 5 years. 

G. H. Lehle, Chicago, 111. 

There is a body of water 12 miles South- 
west of Milwaukee known as Muskego 
lake. For the last 7 or 8 years, however, 
it has not been much of a lake, as the 
Wisconsin Drainage Company got a bill 
through the Legislature allowing it to drain 
off the water. Formerly the lake was a 
great resort for ducks and snipe; but when 

drained it became a reeking bed of mud 
and quicksand. Through the efforts of 
property owners on its shores and of Mil- 
waukee sportsmen the drainage has been 
choked off and the lake is slowly refilling. 

On September 4 a friend and I drove to 
Holt's place, on what was once the lake 
shore. We hauled the skiffs out to the 
water on a small 2 wheeled cart and found 
it exceedingly hard work, as the sand was 
soft and deep. 

Farmer Holt asked whether we would 
not like to hunt jacksnipes before trying 
the ducks. He said they had been thick as 
flies the preceding few days. As jacksnipes 
have been scarce in these parts for many 
years, I took his words with some grains 
of allowance. Nevertheless, I put 2 No. 8 
shells in my gun and 4 more in my vest 
pocket. I had shed my coat owing to the 
intense heat. Farmer Holtz took a 10 
gauge and 2 shells, and we walked along 
the shore a few steps to some reeds 
which grew on the former bottom of the 
lake. To the right sounded a "scaip," to 
the left another, in front half a dozen 
"scaips," and the air about us seemed alive 
with jacksnipe. Some went up singly, 
others in bunches of 8 or 10. None flew 
far, as the patch of weeds was not large 
My first shot dropped a bird at about 20 
yards; the other barrel one at 30. I then 
let fly at a line of 6 or 8 to my left and 
dropped one. Farmer Holtz killed 2 more 
in the meantime, and I ran back to the 
boat for more shells. I killed another bird, 
on which I nearly stepped. 

I slipped on a pair of rubber boots and 
we started into the reeds again. We had 
no dog with us, so had to do our own flush- 
ing. I shot 17 snipe with 20 shots during 
the next hour. Then our small shot shells 
gave out and we returned to our boats. 

We did not get any ducks that day, as 
our shooting frightened them away. Jack- 
snipe were not again plentiful at the lake 
last fall. Six days later I made a trip to 
the place on my wheel, but found only 6, of 
which I bagged 4. But I shot 5 green 
winged teal on the lake the same day. A 
week later I shot 2 spoonbills, 3 teal, and a 
string of plovers of several varieties. 

Emil Koehn, Milwaukee, Wis. 


In 1889 my father and uncle proposed a 
hunting trip to Northern Minnesota, and 
after a lot of coaxing on my part I was 
permitted to join the expedition. I was 
then 18 years of age and many a deer had 
fallen before my Winchester. 

In a few days we set out for a 100 mile 
ride over the worst road imaginable. We 
traveled in the hardest of luck, and break- 
downs were continuous. In 3 or 4 days 
we reached McMullan's ranch, at the foot 



of Lake Itasca, and put up for the night. 
The following morning we pulled for Hen- 
nepin creek, 13 miles to the Southeast, and 
reached it about 3 o'clock in the afternoon. 
All hands set to work pitching camp and 
getting things in shape for a week's .shoot- 

When day broke a light tracking snow 
had fallen and we made an early start ; 
father and uncle going up the creek and I 

Two miles down I came on the tracks of 
a big moose and followed him about 8 
miles. Then it began to snow and after 
a while I lost the track. Not being dis- 
couraged by this bad luck I kept on and 
after an hour or so was rewarded by start- 
ing a band of 3 moose. They escaped un- 
harmed and I went on until dark. I gath- 
ered fire wood, built a brush house and got 
through the night as best I could. In the 
morning I ate my last morsel of lunch and 
after studying out my whereabouts I start- 
ed for camp. I found another track and 
as it led in my direction I concluded 'to 
follow it. Before long I saw, in a hollow 
under a big pine, a large moose. I was not 
long in getting a bead on him and when I 
fired he went down. Throwing in another 
cartridge I started to where the animal lay 
apparently dead. I was going up the other 
side of the hollow when I saw my moose 
coming my way like a locomotive and not 
more than 30 yards from me. By the time 
I got my rifle to my face he was close 
enough for me to see his eye winkers and 
I cut loose. He went down again, dead 
this time for sure. 

I went to him and saw that my first 
shot had creased his neck stunning him for 
a while, but my last was between his eyes. 

The next day I laid in camp and my 
father and uncle succeeded in killing a 
small bull. That ended our hunt. 

Robert Moak, St. Paul, Minn. 


November 15, '98, 3 friends, Dr. Feeter, 
Wilber Blair, his brother Jay and I set 
out for a day among the quails and rabbits. 

The place we fixed on is known as 
Blair's Thickets in the central part of 
Franklin county, Pa. We had selected this 
locality because it had not been hunted 
•that season. The day was cloudy, just right 
for quails. Jay, he was along to carry the 
game, but not for swine. We stopped 
when we had a reasonable bag. 

At the edge of a thicket we separated, 
the Dr. and Wilber with one dog, Jay 
and I with the other. The doctor soon 
started a covey of quails and it was amus- 
ing to see him try to shoot with an empty 
gun. He joined in the laugh, remarking: 

"It was a mighty lucky thing for the 

We could not find the birds for a time, 
but while hunting for them I placed 5 rab- 
bits to my credit. Soon after this my dog 
flushed one quail, which fell to my gun. 
We flushed the covey and 2 fell to our 
credit, one to the doctor, one to me. 

Next we looked up the rest of the covey. 
We had not gone far when I added an- 
other rabbit to my string and after a few 
steps more both dogs came to a stand and 
one old quail rose. He swished and dodged, 
showing he knew what was coming. "Boom, 
boom," 2 cracks hastened his departure. 
We kept this up all forenoon, miss and hit, 
till it was time for the doctor to go. 

When we got home we had 12 rabbits 
and 9 birds of which 9 rabbits and 4 birds 
fell to me ; one rabbit and 5 birds to the 
doctor, and 2 rabbits to Wilber. Not a big 
bag to some, but we are no game hogs and 
were satisfied. We expect to have some 
fine sport in the near future on what was 

The doctor is our game warden and has 
done much to break up the unlawful killing 
of game in our county. Since his appoint- 
ment there have been 23 arrests and 22, 
convictions. $635 in fines have been collect- 
ed. The practice of killing game out of 
season is carried on in some parts of the 
county yet, but we hope to stop it in time. 
B. J. Minter, Orrstown, Pa. 


I have been what young men of to-day 
call an old style sportsman, ever since I 
could wield a hickory fishpole, lift a gun 
or set a trap. Few sportsmen of to-day 
have used or seen the kind of shooting 
irons we hunted with 50 or 60 years ago. 

In 1838, when I was 10 years old, my 
father moved from New York to the then 
Territory of Iowa. Eastern Iowa was then 
unsettled and full of game. Father was 
no hunter and disliked hunters. He was 
a born tiller of the soil and remained so 
all his life; but not so 'with me, his eldest 
son. I was the black sheep of the flock. 
I loved the woods and prairies and all that 
they contained far better than I did the 
cultivated fields. There was little time in 
pioneer days for a boy to hunt or fish ; yet 
my good father, when I was 11 years old, 
allowed me to buy an old flint lock single 
barrel shot gun. I have owned many fine 
rifles since then, yet have never felt the 
same joy as when I first found myself 
possessor of that old gun. 

With it I killed squirrels, ducks, quails, 
grouse and such small game as a boy. will 
shoot. But, as the woods were full of 
turkeys and deer and as geese came in the 
grain fields by hundreds, I soon tired of 
my little gun and traded it for an old rifle 
running 60 round balls to the pound. That 
was the way we measured the bore of a 



rifle in those days. That rifle had what 
was called a pill lock; instead of a tube on 
which to put a percussion cap there was 
a countersink in which we dropped a per- 
cussion pill, which the hammer exploded. 
There may be other old hunters who re- 
member such fire locks; if there are I 
should like to swap hunting yarns with 
them through Recreation. 

I quit climbing these mountains for land 
game 5 or 6 years ago, but I still fish every 
summer. I have lived, fished and hunted 
here since 1888. 

This old heart rejoices that I have lived 
to see such a crusade as is now being led 
by Recreation against game hogs. Roast 
'em, roast 'em brown ! 

H. N. Merritt, Chelna, Wash. 


Chas. Drennen, Tim Ross, Fred Britt and 
Will Hayman were in camp 8 days on 
Illinois river, Cherokee Nation, early this 
month. They went to Illinois station on 
the Iron Mountain railway and with team 
25 miles up the river to good camping 

They had success both in shooting and 
fishing; the bass caught weighing 10 to 20 
pounds, on the hook, but making the 
usual allowance for shrinkage after land- 
ing, the largest were estimated to weigh 
about 2,y 2 pounds in the pan. 

Britt wanted to catch whales and under- 
took to wade out to them, but every time 
he got out hip deep he would float and 
yell for help. Dennen told me this and 
tried to explain the cause. I did not fully 
understand the yarn, but it was something 
about Fred's "gall." After the second or 
third rescue Britt was forbidden to fish 
any more. An agreement was made that 
Hayman should furnish game for himself 
and the cook, Dennen to supply Ross and 
himself. A mangy, hungry stray dog took 
up with the camp the first day the party 
was out and to Britt was assigned the job 
of supplying meat for himself and the dog. 
He hunted 1^2 days, used all the 12 gauge 
ammunition the party had and killed one 
squirrel. -The cook had made elaborate 
preparations for a barbecue, and to carry 
out the program barbecued the squirrel. 
Fred ate it. The dog with ears half cocked 
watched hungrily for his share until satis- 
fied that there was not going to be any 
share, then tucked his tail and sneaked away. 

Ross was the most successful fisherman. 
Finding a surplus of both fish and game on 
hand 2 whole days were spent lolling in 
camp. The weather was right and they had 
a good time. Quails and squirrels were 
plentiful. Two turkeys were seen but no 
deer; but people shooting small game 
would hardly expect to see them. 

B. Smith, Van Buren, Arkansas, 


For years I had thought of taking a trip 
alone in the woods and living a few 
weeks with only nature around me. Resid- 
ing as I do here among thousands of people 
this thought was particularly attractive. 
This year I tried it, going into the woods 
about 20 miles from Ellis Junction, Wis- 
consin, to what is known as the Thunder 
Mountain country. I stayed out 10 days 
and saw only 2 persons after getting my 
camp pitched. These were exceedingly 
welcome; I busied myself to detain them as 
long as possible, and talked them tired. 

Did I have a good time? Well, I did and 
I did not. I enjoyed the experience, had 
plenty to eat and was comfortable ; but my 
advice to others is to camp with a com- 
panion. When you catch a big trout or 
bass you want some one to talk to about it ; 
also, you want some one to swear to your 
catch when you get home. When you see 
a deer or possibly a bear you want to say 
something right then. There will be other 
times when you will want to talk, and will 
have to content yourself with thinking. 
When you make a good batch of bread or 
cook your trout just right, it is nice to hav» 
some one tell you what a good cook you are. 
Moreover, you will the better enjoy eating 
if you see a companion trying to show you 
how much food it takes to keep a man 
alive in that country. Again, he might come 
handy to carry water, help build fire, get 
wood and wash up things. If you have not 
missed him yet, wait until night comes and 
you sit looking in the fire and wondering 
what caused that crackling noise out in the 
woods. You finally turn your head to see, 
trying to make yourself believe you would 
have looked over there any way. If you 
don't believe me, and think you are per- 
fectly satisfied to be alone, sing or whistle 
a good lively air; maybe you can, but I 
doubt it. After you get home you may say 
you had a fine time, but you will know you 
could have gone over the same ground with 
a companion and had 10 times the pleasure. 
A. W. Lowdermilk, Chicago, 111. 


We have here large numbers of moose 
and caribou. It is not unusual to see 10 to 
60 caribou in a drove. It is not possible to 
go half a mile from the settlement without 
seeing moose tracks. Frequently these 
animals come out on the roads and fields. 
We have some deer, many bear and some 
of the best trout streams in America. 

I have hunted big game and all sorts of 
fur-bearing animals for the last 30 years. 
In that time I have killed many bears, 
moose, caribou, deer, lynx and plenty of 
smaller fur. In this district the woods are 
so 'dense that, except across the lakes or 
barrens, it is impossible to see 100 feet from 



where one is standing. This no doubt pro- 
tects the game in a measure. About 4 years 
ago our Government appointed me a special 
game warden for New Brunswick and I am 
also a lumber estimater. I spend nearly all 
my time in the woods and am well posted 
as to our game. We have had several 
Americans here, and all to whom I gave 
license got moose, especially M. L. Shover, 
of Ostrander, Ohio, and F. H. Davis, of 
Worcester, Mass. They got the best heads 
I ever saw. This season Judge Bruce, of 
Massachusetts ; Mr. James Smith, of Phila- 
delphia ; David and W. Collins, of Phila- 
delphia; A. L. Cadwalater, of Yardly, Pa., 
and F. H. Davis, of Worcester, Mass., were 
here. They are true sportsmen and are 
satisfied with reasonable bags. 

Our chief trouble here is pot hunters. 
It would take the eyes of a lynx to watch 
them. About 30 moose and some caribou 
have been killed here under local license, 
and no doubt some without, as those who 
kill illegally are sure to keep it to them- 

I shall be happy to answer inquiries from 
any of your readers at any time and give 
them all the information in my power. 
Recreation is a grand publication; just 
what is needed to put down pot hunters. 
P. H. Welch, Chipman, New Brunswick. 

toward Turkey creek, and I have not seen 
a sign of him since. 

W. J. Banta, Palisade, Colo. 


I read Mr. Beecher's story of the grizzly 
in December Recreation with deep interest, 
more especially because I was hunting in 
that part of the country when Old Mose 
killed Radcliff. The story is true as far as 
it goes, but at one time Old Mose moved 
down on Eight Mile creek, East of Canyon 
City, and killed lots of cattle of Jeff Young, 
Ed Merritt and others. I hunted deer 
about Black mountain and the head of 
Badger creek, and saw Old Mose's tracks at 
different times. The bears often would find 
and eat some of the deer I killed and could 
not bring into camp the same day. I kept 
a bear trap set and caught one large grizzly 
and one black bear, which I took to Pueblo 
and sold at 10 cents a pound. 

I was hunting in that part of the country 
once and a bear ate part of a deer that I 
had hung in a tree. I did not have the bear 
trap there, so I set 2 wolf traps and the 
next night a very large bear got in them, 
which we supposed to be Old Mose. He 
rolled all around and finally got out, leav- 
ing part of 2 toes. That taught him a lot 
about traps and probably accounts for his 
.never getting into a bear trap to stay. 

I set a trap at the carcass of a calf that 
had .been killed by a mountain lion. Old 
Mose came along and sat down on the-trap. 
It caught him by the rump and he jumped 
about 10 feet, tore the trap loose and left a 
big bunch of hair in it. He then went off 


Having just come East this winter, after 
working some time for cow outfits on the 
range, I can tell a little about game condi- 
tions out there of late. While on the 
roundups in Montana and Assiniboia last 
year, I noticed there was mighty little game 
in the country. 

In Eastern Montana, North of the Mis- 
souri, antelopes are scarce. I saw only 
7 or 8 in 2 months' riding. Local hunters 
said there was a bunch of 50 just South of 
the river, near the mouth of the Yellow- 
stone, but I never saw them. There are a 
few deer in the hills and near the creeks, 
but not many. Wolves and coyotes are thick. 

Small game is fairly plenty, and would be 
more so were it not for the Sioux, who kill 
off everything. 

In Canada game is just as scarce. The 
prairie seems empty and deserted, with no 
sign of life anywhere. Up there the half- 
breeds collect ducks' eggs in the spring, 
but how many they take or whether to eat 
or sell I do not know. We camped near sev- 
eral lakes where the ground was covered 
with broken egg shells left by them. At 
any rate it does not seem to have effected 
the supply of ducks, as we saw them in 
large numbers. Some people can not seem 
to realize that the slaughter of game in this 
country must be stopped. 

R. L., Boston, Mass. 


Since the outbreak of hostilities there has been 
no greater slaughter recorded than that which 
took place on Laguna de Bay as the result of a 
duck hunting trip under the direction of Thomas E. 
Evans. The party that accompanied Mr. Evans 
consisted of Messrs. Knight, Bell and Guy. The 
result was that 384 ducks were secured, and many 
hundreds killed which were not secured. 

The party left Manila Saturday night at 11 
o'clock in the launch Knight and steamed up to 
the lake near Napindan. The greater part of the 
night was taken up in making plans for the morn- 
ing. Before sunrise they had taken up a position 
commanding the entire area of marsh which marks 
that portion of the lake. 

They had no retriever and recovered only such 
birds as fell in the open, many hid in the thick 
growth of reeds. In all possibly 2,000 ducks were 
lost in this manner. — Manila American. 

As a rule I pay no attention to foreign 
game hogs, but Luzon is American terri- 
tory,' and we may safely assume the men 
who committed this butchery were Ameri- 
cans. They therefore deserve to be brand- 
ed just as if they had done their butcher- 
ing in any one of the States. Congress will 
soon be called on to make a game law for 
the Philippines, and I trust public senti- 
ment may in the meantime demand that a 
prison penalty be attached fpr men who 
commit such butchery. — Editor, 




Hurley, Wis. — The greatest haul ever made in 
this State was made recently by Game Warden 
Valentine Raeth, of Milwaukee, and Warden 
James Overholtzer, of Eagle River, between Van 
Buskirk and Hurley. The 2 wardens who t had 
worked together for 2 weeks in Vilas county, re- 
ceived notice that men from Michigan were hunt- 
ing deer on Saturdays or Sundays near the State 
line in Iron county. The wardens arrrived here 
Saturday afternoon and began their work. Seven 
rifles, 4 bags of venison and 7 men under arrest 
were the result of their visit. Ole Kruken, James 
Andersen, Henry Hogan, Charles Larson, August 
Kruken, Oscar Larson and Ilif Brown, all of Iron- 
wood, Mich., are the alleged hunters. They all 
work in mines near Ironwood. 

The capture was made before the men knew 
officers of the law were about, and they were as 
suddenly stripped of their arms. Revolvers in 
the hands of the wardens quelled any thought of 
resistance, though one of the men is said to have 
drawn a knife. — Milwaukee Free Press. 

Nothing succeeds like success. Nothing 
will so suddenly convince a man of the 
necessity of obeying the game and fish 
laws as to have a game warden push a 6 
shooter into his face and take his gun and 
his game away from him, even as Raeth 
and Overholtzer did in this case. I would 
bet 10 to 1 that this herd of swine will do 
no more hunting in close season within the 
next 10 years. — Editor. 

I have read J. A. Steele's comments on 
dogs and ferrets in June Recreation and I 
fully agree with him. I, too, fail to see that it 
is more hoggish to hunt rabbits with a 
ferret than to shoot quails over a dog. Both 
bird dogs and ferrets are used here. I 
have known a man to go out in the morn- 
ing with a ferret and come back before 
noon with all the rabbits he could carry. 
Then he took his dog out iti the afternoon 
and shot 30 or 40 quails ; thus proving 
himself a consistent all day hog. A real 
sportsman would no more take advantage 
of a quail by using a dog than he would 
of a rabbit by using a ferret. Yet note the 
unfairness of general sentiment on this sub- 
ject. If a farmer's boy takes a $2 ferret 
and an $8 gun and gets more rabbits than 
he ought, he is a low bristleback; but the 
man with a $50 setter and a $100 gun who 
shoots quails without giving them any more 
chance than the boy gave the rabbits, is still 
a sportsman. If the ferret must go, and of 
course it must, "I say send the bird dog 
with it. 

Paul Mouser, Little Sandusky, O. 

The State Game Commission reports that 
5,000 deer were killed in the Adirondacks 
last year, with an anti-hounding law in 
force. What would "have been the total 
had dogging been permitted? Of course, we 
all know some hounding is done now, but 
there would be JO times as much if it were 

not for the law. A great fight will be made 
to get that law repealed. I hope the L. A. 
S. will do all in its power 'to have it ex- 
tended another 5 years. We now have a 
few deer here, where a few years ago you 
could not find the track of one. Just as sure- 
ly as they begin hounding again our deer 
will be driven away or killed. We are 
within 10 miles of Dresden's great hunt- 
ing grounds, where there are lots of deer. 
Why? Because a hound is never allowed 
to run there, law or no law. Once a 
boat load of men and dogs came up Lake 
George and landed in Dresden. They 
brought 16 dogs and went home without a 
dog or a deer. Hurrah for Dresden ! 

Philip Kelsey, Comstock, N. Y. 

In December Recreation H. De Kalb, 
of Big Piney, Wyo., writes: "10,000 elk 
were seen in one day within 3 miles of the 
ranch, and many much nearer." H. De- 
Kalb is a dreamer of dreams. Not an elk 
has been seen in those parts for 10 years. 
There may be a few antelope; but the In- 
dians cleaned out all other game long ago. 
There are a few elk 100 miles West, near 
the Park line, but they are fast disappear- 
ing. Last year an effort was made to stop 
the slaughter, and some good resulted. 
Few elk were killed last fall. Deer are 
fairly plentiful. In our annual hunt last 
fall, we secured one bull elk and 2 deer. 
This is one of the bst game regions in the 
West, as it gets the overflow from the 
Park. If the present laws are enforced 
game will increase greatly in a few years. 
M. O. Newton, Cody, Wyo. 

A long step forward in the way of game 
preservation has been made by our Legis- 
lature. The new law has many good points, 
one being the license clause. Every resi- 
dent of our State who intends to hunt or 
fish must pay a yearly license of $1. Non- 
residents are charged $20. The proceeds 
go toward the creation of a game and fish 
protection fund; also to pay bounties. 

I recently met our State Game Warden, 
Mr. Bartlett. He seemed much interested 
in his work, and at once asked if I were a 
member of the L. A. S. Receiving an 
affirmative answer, he said that though 
there were only 35 members in the State, 
they were a great help to him in protect- 
ing game. 

Recreation and the L. A. S. are a first 
class combination. 

H. B. Bantzan, Moscow, Idaho. 

I read Recreation with much pleasure. 
When I came to America in September, 
1872, the citizens passed jokes and con- 
demnation on the game laws of England, 
and often railed me on the subject, saying 
no country had a right to impose such re- 



strictions on its inhabitants; but England 
long ago found the necessity for game laws. 
Without that protection there would be no 
game on that island, and I for one am glad 
that the game laws are at last being en- 
forced in this country. The land owners 
in England are not a mean class of people. 
They only hold their own against poachers. 
When the land owners kill their game they 
are generous in sending presents of game 
to all dwellers within their respective dis- 
tricts; even to the poorest cottagers. 
W. L. Hartshorne, M. D., 

Junction City, Kas. 

The Frog and Turtle Club, of Sayre, 
Pa., recently elected officers as follows : 
President, Jesse Daniels ; Vice-President, 
Wm. Raymond ; Treasurer, Ed. Freeman ; 
Secretary, Chas. E. Wolf; Trustees, Joe 
Hay, Dell Higgins, John Hill ; Guards, 
Dick Robinson, Fred Shaffer.